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THE UNIVERSITY 

OF ILLINOIS 

LIBRARY 

see. i 



ILUNOIS HISTORICAL SORVtY 



M. W. GRAND LODGE 

OF ILLINOIS, 

Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons, 



From the Organization of the first Lodge within 

the present limits of the State, up to 

and including 1850. 



BY JOHN C. REYNOLDS, 

W. M. Tyrian Lodge 333, 

Deputy Grand Secretary. 



BY AUTHORITY OF THE GRAND LODGE. 



SPRINGFIELD. 

H. fl. REYNOLDS, JR., PRINTER, MASONIC TROWEL OFFICI. 
1869. 









INTRODUCTION. 



The importance of preparing a history of the Grand Lodge of Illinois 
was first suggested by M. W. Bro. DILLS, in his address delivered to the 
Grand Lodge, October 5th, 1858, as follows : 

" I have obtained, during the year, the following information relative to the 
existence of a former Grand Lodge of Illinois, but have failed to find any of the 
records, although I have sought for them diligently. I visited E. W. Henry 
^ H. Snow, who was D. G. Master as late as 1826, and who is now old and infirm 
He informed me that there was a regular Grand Lodge of this State previous to 
1827, and that to the best of his knowledge the time of its annual convocation 
was in December; that the last meeting was held in the winter of 1827-8; that 
grand officers were elected at that time, but that he does not now remember 
who the Grand Secretary was, or in what part of the State he resided. He also 

V stated to me that there were some ten or twelve Lodges working in the State at 
the time, but that the following year, during the fiery persecutions which pre- 
vailed in the country, the Grand Master died or removed, work was suspended, 
and never resumed. 

" I have also been favored with a copy of the proceedings of the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri for the years 1824 and 1825, from the W. M. of Franklin Lodge Is'o. 
25, on the 18th page of which I find that their Committee on Foreign Corres- 
pondence recognized an existing Grand Lodge of Illinois. This is about all the 
information I have been able to obtain, and I now request the brethren of the 
.subordinate Lodges in this State, or any brethren out of it, that if they can give 
any information which pertains to the early history of Masonry in this State, to 
communicate it to the Grand Secretary of this Grand Lodge, by whom it will be 
.^l N^ thankfully received." 

In speaking of the action of the Grand Lodge of Maine, in providing 
3? for a history of Masonry in that State, the Committee on Correspondence 
of 1858 remarked as follows : 

"It seems to your committee that something of the kind should be attended 
to in this State. 

"Several of the Lodges on our present registry obtained their charters from 
other jurisdictions, and as long ago as 1824 (and how long before we do not 
know), a Grand Lodge existed in this State, which afterwards went down, or was 
dissolved. After its dissolution, several Lodges in Marion, Montgomery, and 
other counties in that region, became identified with the Grand Lodge of Mis 
souri, and constituted a district, of which Bro. Boyakin, formerly a member of 
our State Legislature, as late as 1847 was D. D. G. M. The history of the Lodges 



4 INTRODUCTION. 

subordinate to this Grand Lodge, since its organization, might be obtained 
years hence, but the earlier and more fragmentary and scattered history will 
soon be difficult to obtain ; and may be very difficult in some instances now." 

The following resolutions were adopted at the session of 1858 : 

Resolved, That the materials for a complete history of Masonry in the Terri- 
tory and State of Illinois, from the organization of the first Lodge therein, 
together with such biographical sketches and personal incidents as may be 
worth preserving, ought to be gathered up and placed in our archives, so that a 
historical volume may be issued when the Craft may desire. 

Resolved, That the Grand Master appoint a suitable person for that service, to 
be styled the Illinois Masonic Historian, who shall be fully authorized to gather 
such materials together, and to call to his aid the services of such Masters, 
Wardens, or Secretaries, as may be able to render him any service. All the 
reasonable expenses of said Historian to be paid by this Grand Lodge. 

No further action was taken until 1867, when M. "W. Bro. GORIN: 
recommended as follows : 

"A Grand Lodge was formed in this State in 1820. The Hon. Thomas C. 
Browne, then and until 1848 a Justice of the Supreme Court, was President of 
the Convention. Gov. Bond was the first Grand Master, and Hon. Wm. H. 
Brown was Grand Secretary. This body virtually died in 1827. These distin- 
guished brethren, with most others then engaged in the formation of the Grand 
Lodge, are dead. The records of the first Lodge in the State, and a portion of 
the proceedings of the Grand Lodge, are in our archives ; a portion are wanting. 
In 1827 the Grand Lodge went down, and charters were granted to the Lodges 
by the Grand Lodges of Kentucky and Missouri. For several years after this 
Grand Lodge was formed, the Grand Lodge of Missouri held jurisdiction over 
several Lodges in this State, and had a District Deputy as late as 1846. 

" The history of the old Grand Lodge, of the Lodges subordinate to it, and 
those subordinate to the Grand Lodge of Missouri until it ceased to exercise 
jurisdiction over our territory, should by all means, and at any cost, be rescued 
from oblivion. Several years since our Grand Secretary was appointed His- 
torian, but, for reasons apparent to this Grand Lodge, he has not been able to 
perform the duties; he therefore asks to be discharged from that duty, and I 
recommend that the whole matter be placed in the hands of the Grand Master, 
with full power to employ such assistance and take such steps as he may deem- 
necessary, with power to draw on the treasury for all reasonable expenses." 

The Committee on Grand Master's Address reported as follows : 

"In relation to the recommendation of the M. W. Grand Master in reference 
to the history of Masonry in this State, and that the matter be referred to the 
M. W. Grand Master, with power to act, and to draw upon the treasury for all 
reasonable expenses incurred, your committee recommend that the said sug- 
gestions of the M. \V. Grand Master be adopted." 

Which recommendation was adopted. 

On the 10th day of October, 1867, the following appointment was 
made : 



INTRODUCTION. 

,V. GRAND MASTER or 
UECATUR, ILL., October 10th, A. D. 1867. 



" OFFICE OF THB M. W. GRAND MASTER or THE Gr. LODOF. or ILLINOIS, 1 



" To all whom it may concern: 

"At the last annual communication of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, my recom- 
mendation, that a suitable person be appointed to rescue from oblivion, as far as 
may be possible, the history of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, and events con- 
nected therewith, was approved, and the recommendation adopted. 

"Now, therefore, in accordance therewith, and by virtue of the authority 
thereby conferred, I have and do hereby appoint W. Bro. John C. Reynolds, 
Deputy Grand Secretary, as the person to perform said work ; and I would fra- 
ternally request a hearty co-operation on the part of the constituent Lodges 
of this jurisdiction, and all individual brethren to whom he may apply, in the 
work he has undertaken. 

" Witness my hand and seal, the day and date above written. 

(Signed) "J. R. GORIN, Grand Master." [Seal.] 

And on the 7th day of October, 1868, this report was submitted. 

Many have been the difficulties and perplexities attending the collec- 
tion of material. Regarding the old Lodges, it was necessary to keep 
constantly in sight the slightest cue as to their location, and from 
whence they derived their powers, and then pounce down upon the 
Grand Secretary of that Grand Lodge for information. 

As to some of them, we despaired of ever obtaining any information 
at all, but through some old publication, or the fortunate entry of some 
literal Bro. Secretary, a cue was gained and the Lodge traced up. Two 
or three, however, we can never gain any information of. 

Our thanks are due to E. W. Breth. GEO. FRANK GOULEY, Grand Sec- 
retary of Grand Lodge of Missouri ; WILLIAM HACKER, Past Grand Sec- 
retary Grand Lodge of Indiana; J. M. S. McCoRKLE, Grand Secretary 
Grand Lodge of Kentucky; A. G. HODGES, editor Kentucky Freemason, 
and Grand Treasurer Grand Lodge of Kentucky; JOHN THOMSON, Grand 
Secretary Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania; and JOHN FRIZZELL, Grand 
Secretary Grand Lodge of Tennessee. 

It is owing to the literal obedience required of the Lodges to be paid 
to that portion of the charter requiring them to send up copies of their 
records, that this history has been written. Why so laudable a practice 
has been, discontinued is more than we can say, and it is not for us to 
condemn or approve the same. 

From E. W. Bro. HOUGH, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of 
New Jersey, the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Illinois for 1824, 
'25, and '26 were procured. He has, it seems, a printed copy where he 
procured it is unknown to us. He kindly furnished the Grand Secretary 
with this copy some years ago. 

The indulgence of the reader is asked, as this is the effort of one but 
little versed in the art of book making. The work when undertaken 



6 INTRODUCTION. 

seemed to be of huge proportions, and we must confess that we have not 
been disappointed in this respect. 

We could not close this introduction without returning our thanks to 
Breth. LEWIS KEYOX, of Peoria, JOHN "W. Ross, of Lewistown, D. D. G. M., 
and Bro. GEO. H. HARLOW, Assistant Secretary of State, for facilities 
afforded us in the compilation of this volume. 
Fraternally yours, 

JOHN C. REYNOLDS, 

W. M. Tyrian Lodge SSS, 

Deputy Grand Secretary. 



CHAPTER I. 



The lirst lodge organized within the present limits of the State of Illi- 
nois was at Kaskaskia, in the year 1805, by virtue of a dispensation from 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. The precise date of the settlement 
of Kaskaskia is a matter of uncertainty. One authority places it during 
the year 1673 another, twenty years later. Lippineotts " Pronouncing 
Gazetteer" informs us, under the head of Kaskaskia, that " It has the 
distinction of being the oldest town in Illinois, or perhaps the whole 
Western States, having been settled by the French about the year 1673." 

PERKINS ("Western Annals," Cincinnati, 1847), has the following: 
"LA SALLE'S death," says CHARLEVOIX, in one place, " dispersed the 
French who had gathered upon the Illinois;" but in another, he speaks 
of TONTI and twenty Canadians as established among the Illinois three 
years after the Chevalier's fate was known there. This, however, is 
clear, that before 1693 the reverend Father GRAVIER began a mission 
among the Illinois, and became the founder of Kaskaskia, though in 
what year we know not; but for some time it was merely a missionary 
station, and the inhabitants of the village consisted entirely of natives, it 
being one of the three such villages, the other two being Cahokia and 
Peoria. This we learn from a letter written by Father GABRIEL MAREST, 
dated "Aux Cascaskias, autrement dit de 1'Immaculee Conception de la 
Sainte Vierge, le 9 Novembre, 1712." In this letter, the writer, after 
telling us that GRAVIER must be regarded as the founder of the Illinois 
missions, he having been the first to reduce the principles of the lan- 
guage of those Indians to grammatical order, and so to make preaching 
to them of avail goes on near the close of his epistle to say : " These 
advantages (rivers, etc.,) favor the design which some French have of 
establishing themselves in our village." 

HOLMES, in his "American Annals," informs us, under date of 1703, 
that "the French founded the town of Kaskaskia," and cites as his 
authority Vol. XI., page 35, American State Papers. We have in vain 
looked for that statement in the State Papers alluded to, there being no 
such statement or shadow for it in said volume. 



8 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

In Bradford's " Encyclopedia of Geography " we read as follows : "Some 
settlements were made on the Mississippi by the French from Canada 
toward the close of the 17th century, at which time Kaskaskia and 
Cahokia were founded." 

"The first Europeans who are certainly known to have discovered 
and explored this river (the Mississippi), were two Frenchmen, Father 
MARQUETTE and M. JOLIET, in the year 1673. MARQUETTE was a native 
of Picardy." * * 

"On the 13th of May, 1673, Father MARO.UETTE and M. JOLIET, with 
five other Frenchmen, embarked in two canoes, with a small provision of 
Indian corn and smoked meat, having previously acquired from the 
Indians all the intelligence they could afford respecting their proposed 
route." (Sparks' Am. Biog., Vol. X.) The biographer then goes on to 
give an account, collated from the writings of Father MARyuETTE, of 
their journey down the Mississippi, until they arrived at the mouth of 
the Arkansas, and their subsequent return and passage up the Illinois. 

Accompanying this biography is a copy of MARQUETTE'S original map, 
in which the river " Kaskasquias" is laid down. It was probably at 
this time that the missionary station was founded, as the establishment 
of such stations was the object of the voyages and discoveries of the 
Jesuits. 

We find no more mention of Kaskaskia until 1721. We quote from 
Perkins' "Annals": 

"But though the Company of the West did little for the enduring welfare of 
the Mississippi Valley, it did something ; the cultivation of tobacco, indigo, 
rice, and silk, was introduced; the lead mines of Missouri were opened, though 
at vast expense and in hope of finding silver; and, in Illinois, the culture of 
wheat began to assume some 'degree of stability and of importance. In the 
neighborhood of the river Kaskaskias, Charlevoix found three villages, and 
about Fort Chartres, the headquarters of the company in that region, the French 
were rapidly settling." 

The next mention is in the same work, as follows: 

"Of the ten years which followed, we know but little that is interesting in re- 
lation to the West, and of its condition in 1750, we can give no better idea than 
may be gathered from the following extracts of letters written by Vivier, a mis- 
sionary among the Illinois : 

"Writing ' Aux Illinois,' six leagues from Fort Chartres, June 8th, 1750, Vivier 
says : 'We have here whites, negroes, and Indians, to say nothing of crossbreeds. 
There are five French villages, and three villages of the natives, within a space 
of twenty-one leagues, situated between the Mississippi and another river called 
the Karkadiad (Kaskaskias). In the five French villages are, perhaps, eleven 
hundred whites, three hundred blacks, and some sixty red slaves or savages. 
(Alas poor Illinois!) The three Illinois (native) towns do not contain more than 
eight hundred souls, all told.' 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 9 

"Most of the French till the soil; they raise wheat, cattle, pigs, and horses, 
and live like princes. Three times as much is produced as can be consumed, 
and great quantities of grain and flour are sent to New Orleans." 

"The influence of the French settlers upon the native population, despite the 
efforts of the missionaries, seems to have been bad, for we are told, that of the 
three native towns, one was given up by the missionaries as being beyond hope, 
And in the second and third, but poor harvests were experienced by them, all 
owing to the ' bad example of the French, and the introduction by them of 
ardent spirits.' " * * * 

In 1770 Kaskaskia contained only sixty-five resident families, and 
Cahokia only forty- five dwellings. Still, at that time one man furnished 
the King's stores from his crop 86,000 pounds of flour. * * 

The reason for this decline in the population of Kaskaskia was its oc- 
cupancy by the English and the emigration of the inhabitants to the 
other side of the river, which was then under Spanish rule. But to quote 
again: In Hutchins' "Topography of Virginia," we find it stated that 
Kaskaskia contained 80 houses, and nearly 1,000 white and black in- 
habitants, the whites being a little the most numerous. Cahokia is stated 
at 50 houses, and 300 white inhabitants, with 80 negroes. This last calcu- 
lation is made for 1771, and although Hutchins did riot publish his work 
until 1778, we presume his calculations all apply to a period anterior 
to the commencement of the Revolutionary War. 

From 1775 until the expedition from Virginia under Colonel Clark, 
by authority from Patrick Henry, Governor of that State, nothing is re- 
corded regarding the Illinois settlements, beyond the following extract 
from a report made by a Congressional committee in June 1788: 

"Near the mouth of the river Kaskaskies there is a village which appears to 
have contained nearly eighty families from the beginning of the late revolution. 
There are twelve families in a small village at la Prairie du Rochers, and nearly 
fifty families at the Kahokia village." 

As has been before stated, Kaskaskia was at this time (1778) under 
British rule, having been ceded by France to Great Britain in the year 
1763. Col. George Rogers Clark determined to drive the British from 
their western posts, and represented the matter in such terms to the 
House of Delegates of Virginia, that the following order was issued : 

" VIRGINIA, Set. In council, Williamsburg, Jan. 2nd, 1778. 

"Lieutenant Colonel George Rogers Clark: You are to proceed with all conven- 
ient speed, to raise seven companies of soldiers, to consist of fifty men each, 
officered in the usual manner, and armed most properly for the enterprise; and 
with this force attack the British post at Kaskasky. 

" It is conjectured that there are many pieces of cannon and military stores, to 
considerable amount, at that place: the taking and preservation of which would 
be a valuable acquisition to the State. If you are so fortunate, therefore, as to 
succeed in your expedition, you will take every possible measure to secure the. 
artillery and stores, and whatever may advantage the State. 



10 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" For the transportation of the troops, provisions, &c., down the Ohio, you are to 
apply to the commanding officer at Fort Pitt, for boats; and during the whole 
transaction you are to take especial care to keep the true destination of your 
force secret: its success depends upon this. Orders are therefore given to Cap- 
tain Smith to secure the two men from Kaskasky. Similar conduct will be 
proper in similar cases. 

"It is earnestly desired that you show humanity to such British subjects and 
other persons as fall in your hands. If the white inhabitants at that post and 
the neighborhood will give undoubted evidence of their attachment to this State 
(for it is certain they live within its limits), by taking the test prescribed by law, 
and by every other way and means in their power, let them be treated as fellow 
citizens, and their persons and property duly secured. Assistance and protec- 
tion against all enemies whatever, shall be afforded them; and the common- 
wealth of Virginia is pledged to accomplish it. But if these people will not 
accede to these reasonable demands, they must feel the miseries of war, under 
the direction of that humanity that has hitherto distinguished Americans, and 
which it is expected you will ever consider as the rule of your conduct, and 
from which you are in no instance to depart. 

" The corps you are to command are to receive the pay and allowance of militia, 
and to act under the laws and regulations of this State, how in force, as militia. The 
inhabitants at this post will be informed by you, that in case they accede to the 
offers of becoming citizens of this commonwealth, a proper garrison will be 
maintained among them, and every attention bestowed to render their com- 
merce beneficial ; the fairest prospects being opened to the dominions of both 
France and Spain. 

" It is in contemplation to establish a post near the mouth of the Ohio. Cannon 
will be wanted to fortify it. Part of those of Kaskaskia will be easily brought 
thither, or otherwise secured, as circumstances will make necessary. 

" You are to apply to General Hand, at Pittsburg, for powder and lead necessary 
for this expedition. If he can't supply it, the person who has that which Captain 
Lynn brought from Orleans can. Lend was sent to Hampshire by my orders, 
and that may be delivered you. Wishing you success, I am, sir, your humble 
servant. 

"P. HENRY." 

With these instructions, and twelve hundred pounds in the depre- 
ciated currency of the times, Colonel CLARK started (on 4th February) 
for Fittsburg. His intention was to recruit the seven companies east of 
the Alleghanies, but was unable to do so, the people of that section of 
country feeling the need of all their available militia. After much de- 
lay and labor, Colonel CLARK started down the Ohio with three com- 
panies instead of seven. On arriving at the falls of the Ohio he took 
possession of and fortified Corn Island, opposite to the spot now occupied 
by Louisville. 

On the fourth of July, Clark and his party drew near Kaskaskia. 
Concealing themselves until nightfall, they crossed the river and broke 
into the quiet streets of that place like a troop of Indians on the warpath, 
surprising and terrifying the people beyond description. To add to the 
terror of the occasion, the people had been led by the British to believe 



HISTOEY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 11 

that the Virginians were the most cruel, bloodthirsty, and vengeful peo- 
ple on the earth. Such was their belief in this statement that a d"epu- 
tation waited upon CLARK and asked leave to assemble in the church 
for a last farewell, previous to being carried into captivity. 

The upshot of the whole matter was that CLARK informed them that 
he and his men were humane and not savages, and explained fully the 
condition of affairs between the States and the mother country. They 
finally became so pleased with CLARK and his generosity, that they not 
only declared themselves adherents of the State of Virginia, but per- 
suaded the people of Cahokia to surrender and take the same pledges. 

Thus, without the loss of a single life, and no bloodshed whatever, 
Kaskaskia passed from the possession of the English into that of Vir- 
ginia, thus experiencing a second change of masters. How different a 
scene took place that very night in the beautiful Valley of the Wyoming. 
On that same night, while the soldiers of CLARK scared the Kaskaskians 
with pretended ferocity, the Valley of Wyoming echoed with real 
shrieks of rage and pain, and swam with blood shed by white men; for 
the leaders in that massacre were Tories. 

In October following the reduction of Kaskaskia, the House of Dele- 
gates of the Virginia Commonwealth, taking immediate advantage of 
the same, created the county of Illinois, and appointed JOHN TODI> 
Lieutenant Colonel and Civil Commandant, and on the 23d of November, 
1778, CLARK and his men received the thanks of the House. 

In the year 1800, the Territory of Indiana was formed. 



1805-6-7. 



On the 9th day of March, 1805, the following letter was addressed to 
the E. W. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania: 

" To the R. W. Grand Lodge of Pcnnsylania Greeting : 

"The subscribers, and many others of our brethren in the counties of St. 
Clair and Randolph, beg leave to approach your worshipful body and state to 
you that they are far removed from those social enjoyments which they once as 
Masons have experienced ; that from the growth of population many worthy 
and respectable brethren have settled, and many more will soon come to this 
country; and that your suppliants, from a sense of duty incumbent on them as 
Masons and as men, to promote their mutual happiness, the happiness of their 
neighbors, and as far as in their power lies, humanize society; and furthermore, 
to impress on their memory what has long been written on their hearts. 
Wherefore, your suppliants thus presume to approach your worshipful body 
and request that, if in your councils you think it expedient, your worshipful 
body will grant to your suppliants a warrant, or if that can't be obtained, a dis- 
pensation, authorizing them to hold a regular Lodge in the town of Kaskaskia, 
appointing such of your suppliants to preside therein as may seem proper to 
your worshipful body, sending with the said warrant your constitution, all other 
necessary instructions, and the amount of expenses attending the same, which 
will be duly remitted by your suppliants, etc., etc. 

(Signed) " ROBERT McMAHAN, 

Stanton, No. IS. 
WM. ARUNDEL, 

St. Andrews' Lodge, No. $, Quebec. 
JAMES EDGAR, 

Lodge No. 9, Philadelphia. 
MICHAEL JONES, 

No. U5, Pittsburg. 
JAMES GALBREATH, 

No. 79, Chambersburg. 
RUFUS EASTON, 

Roman Lodge, No. 82, New York. 
ROBT. ROBINSON, 
Stanton, No. IS. 
"INDIANA TERRITORY, KASKASKIA, March 9th, 1805." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 13 

To this letter, or petition, the following answer was made : 

" We, Israel Israel, Esquire, R. W. Grand Master of Masons in and for the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, and Masonic jurisdiction thereunto belonging: 
" To all Free and Accepted Masons, wherever dispersed Greeting : 

" Reposing the greatest confidence in the zeal, fervor, and constancy in the 
Craft of our worthy and beloved Bro. James Edgar, a Past Master, Ancient York 
Mason, residing at Kaskaskia, in the Indiana Territory, in the United States, 
and by virtue of the powers and authorities vested in us, we do hereby author- 
ize and empower, and request him to call to his assistance a sufficient number 
of known and approved Master Masons to open a Lodge at the town of Kas- 
kaskia aforesaid, and then and there INITIATE, PASS, and RAISE FREEMASONS 
according to the most ancient and honorable custom of the Craft in all ages and 
nations throughout the KNOWN WORLD, and not contrarywise, and to make report 
to us hereon endorsed of their proceedings. This Dispensation to remain in 
force six MONTHS from the date hereof, and no longer. 

"Given under our hand and the seal of the Grand Lodge 

: Seal of the at the city of Philadelphia, this 24th day of September, in 
: Grand Lodge of the year of OUR LORD 1805, and in the year of Masonry, 5805. 
: Pennsylvania. | (Signed) " ISRAEL ISRAEL, Grand Master. 

' "Attest: (Signed) GEO. A. BAKER, Grand Secretary." 

This dispensation being received, the Lodge was regularly organized, 
and Freemasonry planted its foot for the first time on the soil of Illinois. 

"We shall now go to the record of the Lodge for the proceedings under 
dispensation : 

" INDIANA TERRITORY, RANDOLPH COUNTT, 1 

KASKASKIA, Saturday, 14th December, 1805, A. L. 5805. f 

" In compliance with petition from sundry members addressed to the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, a dispensation was forwarded by the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, dated Philadelphia, 24th September, directed to Brother James 
Edgar, authorizing him to take to his assistance a sufficient number of members 
for the purpose of holding a Lodge in the town of Kaskaskia and vicinity, and 
initiate such as may be approved by the members thereof into the mysteries of 
Masonry, according to the Most Ancient and Honorable Custom of the Craft. 

" Upon which the Worshipful Master, the said James Edgar, called to his assist- 
ance Bros. Rufus Easton as Senior Warden, Michael Jones as Junior Warden, 
Robert Robinson as Senior Deacon, Alexander Anderson as Junior Deacon, and 
William Arundel as Secretary, all of whom he found on due trial to be Master 
Masons. 

"Whereupon, the Worshipful Master, and others above named, took their 
seats, and an Entered Apprentice's Lodge was opened in due form. 
"On motion, 

"Ordered, That the naming of the Lodge be submitted to Bros. M. Jones and 
Rufus Easton; whereupon it was agreed that this Lodge be styled and known by 
the name of the 'Western Star Lodge,' Kaskaskia. 
"On motion and seconded, 

" Ordered, That a subscription be opened for the purpose of raising a sum suf- 
ficient to enable the brethren to obtain a warrant and dispensation to institute ft 
Lodge of Ancient York Masons at Kaskaskia, to be styled the Western Star 
Lodge. The sums that may be subscribed by the brethren to be placed to their 



14 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

respective accounts on the credit side of the same, and the Lodge to be debtor, 
which sums so subscribed to be discharged in due proportion out of the first 
moneys that may be paid into the treasury from initiation fees or otherwise. 
The said subscription to be presented in open Lodge only, and to none except 
such as now are or may become members of this Lodge. 
"On motion, 

" Requested, That Bros. M. Jones and R. Robinson be a committee to prepare 
rules or regulations for the government of this Lodge, and to report the same 
from time to time, for the approbation thereof. 

" Whereupon, the Lodge closed in harmony, until the first Saturday in January 
next, unless otherwise found necessary by the Worshipful Master." 

The lodge worked under the dispensation thus granted until March 
24th, 1806, holding meetings on December 14, 1805 (which is given in 
full heretofore); December 27, 1805, at which no business was transacted ; 
January 4, 1806, at which meeting the petitions of Andrew Henry, 
Walter Fenwick, and George Bullett, of Ste. Genevieve, Louisiana Terri- 
tory, were received and referred; January 16, 1806, at which a regular 
code of by-laws was adopted. There is nothing of more than ordinary 
character in these by-laws, and might be well adopted by some of our 
Lodges of the present dny. The following signatures are appended to the 
same: "James Edgar, Master; Michael Jones. Senior Warden; James 
Gilbreath, Junior Warden; R. Robinson, Alex. Anderson, Wm. Arundel, 
Secy.; Charles Querey, 3rd Feb., 1806; Walter Fenwick, 17th Feb., 1806; 
George Bullitt, 17th Feb., 1806 ; John Hays, 18th Feb., 1806 ; John Hay, 
18th Feb., 1806; Francois Vallee, Louis Lasouse Moreau, Stephen Foster, 
and George Fisher, 1st March, 1806; A. Henry, 24th March, 1806; James 
Moore, 1st Nov., 1806; Henry Dodge, 6th Dec., 1806; Thomas Oliver, 
6th Dec., 1806; Benjamin Young, 3rd Jan., 1807; James Dunlap, 3rd 
Jan., 1807; J. Finney, 10th Feb., 1807; David Robinson, Sr., 10th Feb., 
1807. These are the dates of their several initiations commencing 
with Charles Querey as all Entered Apprentices were members of the 
lodge, and all business transacted in that degree, save the conferring of 
the second and third degrees, installation of officers, and trial of charge? 
against members. The petitions of John Hay and John Hays, of 
Cahokia, were received and referred at this meeting, and officers elected 
as follows: Michael Jones, Senior Warden; James Gilbreath, Junior 
Warden; Robert Robinson, Treasurer, and William Arundel, Secretary, 
to serve during the dispensation. Feb. 1st, 1806, six brethren present 
and three visitors: Francis, Moore, of Kentucky, No. 1; Robert Terry 
and John Scott of Melchisidec Lodge No. 17, New Madrid, Louisiana. 
Petitions of Charles Querey and Stephen Foster received and referred. 
Walter Fenwick, George Bullitt, John Hays, John Hay, and Charles 
Querey, elected. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 15 

February 3rd, 1806. Six brethren present, and brethren Moore and 
Terry visiting. Charles Querey initiated, which was the first initia- 
tion on record within the limits of our State sixty-two years ago. 

February 4th. Six brethren piesent. Charles Querey passed, and, 
on February 5th, seven brethren being present, Brother Querey wa 
raised. 

February 17. Five brethren, and two visitors, viz; Terry and William 
Hickman, of Lodge No. 1, Nashville, present. Walter Fenwick and 
George Bullitt, of St. Genevieve, duly initiated. Petitions of Francois 
Vallee, Louis Lasouse Moreau, received and referred. 

February 18. Seven brethren and two visitors present. John Hay 
and John Hays, of Cahokia, initiated. 

February 19. Five brethren and one visitor present. Brethren John 
Hay and John Hays passed. 

March 1st. Stated meeting. Seven brethren and one visitor present. 
Walter Fenwick and George Bullitt, passed. Petition of "Doctor George 
Fisher," of Kaskaskia, received and referred. Francois Vallee, Louis 
Lasouse Moreau, Stephen Foster, George Fisher, initiated. 

March 10th. " Extra Lodge." Seven brethren present. George 
Fisher and Stephen Foster passed, and John Hays and John Hay raised. 

March 16th. "Extra Lodge." Seven brethren and three visitors pres- 
ent. The visitors were Robert Terry, " Wm. Mitchell, of Lodge No. 7, 
Natchez", Isaac Darnielle of the Lodge George No. 32, State of Vir- 
ginia. Francois Vallee, Louis Lasouse Moreau, passed. 

March 17th. " Extra Lodge." Five brethren and one visitor (Isaac 
Darnielle) present. George Fisher and Stephen Foster raised. 

March 24th. '' Extra Lodge." Six brethren and two visitors (Francis 
Moore, and " Thomas F. Roddick, Solomon Lodge No. 30") present. 
Francois Vallee, Louis Lasouse Moreau, raised, and Andrew Henry 
initiated, passed, and raised. This was the last meeting held under the 
dispensation. The next meeting was held September 13th. In the 
meantime the following petition had been prepared and forwarded: 

" KASKASKIA, April 13, 1806. 
" To the fi. H'. Grand Master and brethren of the R. W. Grand Lodge of Pa.: 

"BRETHREN: We the subscribers, members of a Lodge holden at Kaskaskia 
under a dispensation granted by order of your worshipful body, in pursuance 
of our former petition, beg to solicit a fulfillment of your promise contained in 
your letter accompanied by your said dispensation, directed to Brother James 
Edgar, of granting a warrant and dispensation to constitute a Lodge at Kaskas- 
kia, to be styled the Western Star Lodge. Brothers James Edgar, Michael Jones, 
and James Gilbreath, M. M., and formerly members of Lodges constituted under 
the authority of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania (as will more fully appear 
by a reference to the communications made to your worshipful body, by the 
several Lodges of which they have been members) have been elected officers of 
this Lodge, for the time being, to whom ttie warrant may issue. Assurances 



16 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

having been given by Bro. James Edgar, that Bro. Robert Robinson has regularly 
passed the chair, we do therefore desire that the dispensation for constituting 
the Lodge may be directed to him. Your dispensation with our proceedings 
endorsed thereon, as also the amount of your fees, you will find herewith en- 
closed. 

"We are R. W. Sir and Brethren, yours fraternally, 

(Signed) " JAS. EDGAR, W. M. 

MICHAEL JONES, S. W. 
JAS. GILBREATH, J. W. 
ROBT. ROBINSON, Treasurer. 
WM. ARUNDEL, Secretary." 

The following recommendations and certificate accompanied this- 
petition : 

" We the subscribers, formerly members of lodges constituted under the au- 
thority of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and present members of Western 
Star Lodge at Kaskaskia, do recommend the prayer of the foregoing petition to 
the consideration of the W. M. and members of the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

(Signed) "JAS. EDGAR, 

MICHAEL JONES, 
JAS. GILBREATH. 
"Recommended by 

" ANDREW WILSON, P. M. No. 9. 
JOHN BOYD, P. M. No. 2. 
JAS. WILKINS, P. M. No. 9. 

" We do certify that Bro. Robert Robinson has proved himself to us, a P. M. of 
a warranted lodge of Ancient Y. M. 

(Signed) "JAS. EDGAR, 

JAS. GILBREATH." 

The action taken by the Grand Lodge was as follows : 

"The return to a dispensation granted by the late R. W. Grand Master on the 
2Hh of September last, directed to Bro. James Edgar, authorizing him to open 
and hold a Lodge at Kaskaskia, in the Indiana Territory, in the United States, 
for the term of six months from the date of said dispensation, was read; also, a 
letter from Bro. Edgar, dated 14th April last, respecting their proceedings under 
said dispensation, and also a petition from Bro. Edgar and several other 
brethren who had been members of said Lodge held under the aforesaid dispen- 
sation, praying for a warrant for holding a Lodge at Kaskaskia aforesaid, to be 
called the Western Star Lodge, and that Bro. James Edgar might be named 
Master, Bro. Michael Jones Senior Warden, and Bro. James Gilbreath Junior 
Warden of the same. 

"Which petition being duly recommended according to the regulations of this 
Grand Lodge, 011 motion made and seconded, 

" Resolved, That the prayer of the petitioners be granted, and that the Grand 
Secretary make out warrant accordingly, and the same be numbered 107." 
[Extract from the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, held at Philadel- 
phia, Monday, June 3, 180>J. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 17 

The warrant (or charter) was accordingly issued and forwarded, ac- 
companied by the following: 

"We, James Milnor, Esq., R. \V. Grand Master of Masons ill and for the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, and the Masonic jurisdiction thereunto belonging: 
" To Bro. Unfit. ]!<:il>>:i*<iii, a Pnxf J/KS/I / M'.I.VJH (!r<itin<i: 

"Reposing the greatest confidence in your zeal, fervor, and constancy in the 
Craft. We do, by virtue of the Powers and Authorities in Us vested, hereby 
authorize and empower you to call to your assistance a sufficient number of 
known and approved Past Master Masons to open and constitute a new Lo'dgo 
at Kasknskia, in the Indiana Territory, in the U. S., and there to proceed to the 
Installation of our worthy Bro. James Kdgar, Master elect, and other officers of 
a new Lodge there to be established and (-(instituted, to be called the " Western 
Star Lodge" number one hundred and seven, according to the most ancient 
honorable custom of the Royal Craft in all ages and amongst all nations through- 
out the known world, and not contrarywise, and make report to us hereon 
endorsed of your proceedings. This dispensation to remain in force three 
months from the date thereof. 

"Given under our hand and the seal of the R. W. Grand 

: . , ,. : Lodge of Pennsylvania, at the city of Philadelphia, this 

: l.-'th dav of June, in the year of our Lord 180i>, and of 
: Grand Lodge. : Mnsonry 580G . 

(Signed) " JAS. MILNOR, Grand Master. 

"Attest : OEO. A. BAKER, Grand Sccritnry." 

Accordingly, on Saturday, 13th September, 1806, A. L. 5806, tbe Lodge 
assembled. 

Bro. Robert Robinson in the chair, who" called to bis assistance broth- 
ers James Gilbreath, as Senior Warden; and William Arundel, Junior 
Warden; when a Pcw.s- Masters' Lodge was opened, and Brother James 
Edgar was installed the Worshipful Master of said (Western Star Xo. 
107) Lodge. The Pass Masters' [Lodge] was closed and by virtue of a 
warrant from the Right Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
dated the second day of June, 1806, creating the lodge at Kaskaskia, in 
the Indiana Territory, called the Western Star Lodge No. 107, a Master 
Masons' Lodge was opened in due form." 

Bro. Edgar then installed Michael Jones, Senior Warden; James Gil- 
breath, Junior Warden: William Arundel, Secretary; Robert Robin- 
son, Treasurer and Senior Deacon ; George Fisher, Junior Deacon and 
Steward. The by-laws under dispensation were adopted for the time 
being, and the lodge closed. 

On the twentieth of October the following was forwarded : 

' WKSTKRX STAR LODGE, No. 107. 

"Agreeably to the within dispensation to me directed, to open and constitute 
a new Lodge of Ancient York Masons, at Kaskaskia, and to install the \V. M., 
Bro. James Edgar, and others, the officers thereof, on the 13th day of September, 
1806, I took to my assistance a sufficient number of known and approved Past 
Master Masons, and proceeded to open and constitute a new Lodge under the 
warrant of the R. W. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, bearing date of the second 
day of June. 1806, to the brethren here granted ; 

2 



18 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" Whereupon, the W. M., Bro. James Edgar, and the other officers of this Lodge 
in the said warrant mentioned, were duly installed, and invested with the 
ensigns of their respective offices, and the Lodge closed in due form. 

(Signed) ROBERT ROBINSON, 

Appointed to constitute Lodge No. 107. 
KASKASKIA, Oct. 20, 1806. 

October 4th. Ten brethren and one visitor present. The visitor ou 
this occasion was " Shadrach Bond, Jr., of Temple Lodge No. 26, Regis- 
tcrstown, Baltimore county, Maryland." Petitions of " Captain James 
Moore, of St. Clair county, Henry Dodge and Thomas Oliver, of Ste. 
Genevieve, for initiation, and Shadrach Bond, for affiliation," received 
and referred. Breth. Bullitt, Jones, Robinson, Fisher, Henry, and 
Arundel, "or a majority of them," were appointed a Committee on 
By-Laws. 

November 1st. Four brethren present. Lodge opened on first degree, 
and " Captain James Moore initiated." 

December 6th. Seven brethren and three visitors (Thomas Fenwick, 
John Scott, and " Otho Schrader, of Lodge No. 84, Somerset county, 
State of Pennsylvania") present. Petition of Benjamin Young received 
and referred. The first election under the charter was held at this 
meeting, and resulted as follows: James Edgar, Worshipful Master; 
Michael Jones, Senior Warden: Andrew Henry, Junior Warden; 
Robert Robinson, Treasurer; William Arundel, Secretary; Francois 
Vallee, Senior Deacon; George Bullitt, Junior Deacon. Henry 
Dodge and Thomas Oliver initiated, and George Bullitt raised. Breth. 
Edgar, Robinson, and Arundel were appointed a committee of arrange- 
inents for a festival on St. John's Day. 

December 27th. Thirteen brethren and six visitors present. The 
visitors were Robert Terry, Thos. F. Reddick, Otho Schrader, "John 
Hapburn, of No. 12, Maryland," "Dr. A. Elliott,"." William Mitchel, 
No. 23, Ontario Lodge, State of New York.'' Bro. Shadrach Bond was 
elected to membership. Petition of a number of brethren at St. Gene- 
vieve for a Lodge, was duly recommended. Of this Lodge the "Dr. 
A. Elliott" mentioned above was the first Master; Andrew Henry 
Senior, and George Bullitt Junior Wardens, both of the Lodge at 
Kaskaskia, but residents of Ste. Genevieve. No mention is made of the 
festival, but that they did celebrate St. John's day, is to be judged from 
the following entry: "Not having time to enter sundry proceedings, 
at this moment, Ordered, That they be entered at length on record by 
the Secretary," which that officer failed to do. 

January 3d, 1807. Seven brethren and one visitor ("Dr. James Dun- 
lap, of St. Paul's Lodge No. 54, or 64, State of New York") present. 
Petition of James Fiuney for initiation, and " Doctor James Dunlap" 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 19 

for affiliation, received and referred, the latter being acted on instanter, 
and Bro. Dunlap elected to membership. Benjamin Young initiated. 
January 5th. Six brethren present. Benjamin Young passed. 
January 7th. Eight brethren present. Petitions of Henry Connor 
and Truman Tuttle received. 

February 10th. Eight brethren present. James Finney and David 
Robinson initiated. In the record of this meeting is the first record of 
a lecture being delivered to the candidate : "Also, David Robinson, Sr., 
an applicant balloted for last Lodge night, received the benefit of the 
first step in Masonry, returned and gave thanks for the same, and after 
a wholesome lecture, the Lodge closed," etc. 

March 7th. Twelve brethren and one visitor (" Josiah Millard, Frank- 
lin Lodge No. 37, Slate of New York, introduced as a Master Mason") 
present. Breth. Thomas Oliver, James Finney, and David Robinson, 
Sr., passed. These passings were, as the record shows, conducted separ- 
ately, and not collectively. Benjamin Young raised. Petition of Jacob 
A. Boyes received and referred. 

March 21st. Ten brethren present. James Finney and David 
Robinson, Sr., raised. 

April 4th. Twelve brethren present. Thomas Oliver raised, and 
sundry accounts presented and allowed. 

April 13th. Eight brethren present. "Doctor Truman Tuttle" ini- 
tiated. 

May 2d. Eight brethren present. No business of importance trans- 
acted. 

June 6th. Present: James Edgar, W. M. ; Michael Jones, S. W. ; 
Andrew Henry, J. W. ; R. Robinson, Treas. ; James Finney, Sec., p. t. ; 
Francois Vallee, S. D. ; George Bullett, J. D. : James Gilbreath, Louia 
Lasouse Moreau ; visitors, Robert Terry, William Hickman, "Wharton 
Rector. Henry Dodge passed and raised.. The second election under 
charter resulted as follows: Michael Jones, W. M. : Robert Robinson, 
S. W. ; and James Finney, J. W. 

June 15th. Seven brethren present. Josiah Millard visiting. Jacob 
A. Boyes initiated. Breth. Robinson, Gilbreath, Dunlap, Fisher, and 
Finney were appointed a committee to arrange for celebration of St. 
John's Day. 

June 24th. St. John's Day. Fifteen brethren and two visitors present. 
Bro. William Atcheson was admitted, upon petition, a member of the 
Lodge. A L)dge of Past Masters having been opened, the Master and 
Warden* were installed. The following appointments were made: 
James Dunlap, Treasurer ; James Finney, Secretary; Francois Vallee, 
Senior, and George Bullitt, Junior Deacons; George Fisher, Steward. 



2 ) HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" The brethren moved in procession from the lodge-room to Bro. Doctor 
George Fisher's to dinner; returned, and the Lodge closed in harmony 
at 4 o'clock." 

July 4th. Seven brethren present. No business transacted. 

August 1st. Eight brethren present. No business transacted. 

August 2d. Eight brethren present. Henry Connor initiated, and 
Jacob A. Boyes passed. 

Sept. 5th. Six brethren present. A Lodge of E. A. opened. Petition 
of Giles Hull received and referred. 

Sept. 19. Seven brethren present. A communication from the Grand 
Lodge read, but what the nature of the communication was is not stated. 

October 3d. Eight brethren present. Bro. Alexander Anderson de- 
mitted, and ten dollars voted to the Secretary for services. 

November 7th. Nine brethren present. The members of the Lodge 
residing at St. Genevieve were demitte^, they having cast their fortunes 
with Louisiana Lodge No. 109, which was the first Lodge planted on the 
soil of Missouri, the dispensation and charter for which (we think) ema- 
pated from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

November 9th. Eight brethren present. "Doctor Truman Tuttle" 
passed. 

November 20th. Ten brethren present. Bro. Henry Connor passed, 
and Truman Tuttle raised. 

December 5th. Seven brethren present. Third charter election; the 
following were elected: Michael Jones (re-elected), W. M. ; Eobert 
Robinson, Senior, and George Fisher, Junior Wardens. Upon motion, 
the Treasurer and Secretary were elected by ballot, they having pre- 
viously been appointed. William Arundel was elected Secretary, and 
Doctor James Dunlap, Treasurer. James Finney and David Robinson, 
Sr., were appointed Deacons. 

Petition of Joseph McFerron received and referred, a committee 
appointed to prepare for St. John's Day, and an invitation extended to 
Louisiana Lodge to partake of the festivities of the day with them. 

December 24th. Seven brethren present. Henry Connor raised. 

December 27th. St. John's Day. Ten brethren and three visitors pres- 
ent. Lodges of E. A. and F. C. were opened and closed, and a lodge of 
Master Masons opened, and the officers installed. This is the first in- 
stance of the installation of the Master without a lodge of Past Masters 
having been opened. The lodge of M. M. was then closed and a lodge 
of F. C. opened. Petition of "Thomas Todd, Esquire," received and re- 
ferred. By a unanimous vote, the brethren proceeded to the house of 
Bro. Doctor George Fisher, " Clothed," and there partook of refresh- 
ments. No mention is made of the attendance of the brethren from "the 
other side." 



CHAPTER III. 



1808-H-10.. 



January 2nd, 1808. Eight brethren present. Messrs. McFerron and 
Todd elected. 

February 6th. Eight brethren present. Bro. "Uriah Brooks, "West- 
ern Star Lodge No. 59, South New York," visiting. Joseph McFerron 
ami Thomas Todd initiated. Petition of "Doctor Caldwell Cairnes " 
received and referred. The lodge had been in the habit of immediately 
balloting upon petitions, upon which committees reported instanter; but 
at this meeting resolved that all Detitions should lie over from one 
regular meeting to another before balloting. 

February 10th. Eight brethren present. Joseph McFerron passed. 

March 5th. Eleven brethren present. Bro. Thomas Todd passed, 
and Bro. Jacob A. Boyes raised. 

March 17th. Six brethren present. Joseph McFerron raised. 

April 2nd and May 7th. Six brethren present. No business beyond 
opening and closing. 

June 4th. Present: Jones, Robinson, Gilbreath, Arundel, Dunlap, 
Fiuney, David Eobinson, Edgar, Connor; Jacob Fisher, visiting. Fourth 
election Robert Robertson, elected W. M.; James Gilbreath, S. W. ; 
George Fisher, J. W. ; James Dunlap, Treasurer; William Arundel, 
Secretary. Petition of Philip Fouke received and referred. "Distant 
members" ordered notified to attend on the 27th June. Immediately fol- 
lowing this, record is made by the Secretary, to the effect that notifica- 
tions for brethren Todd, Bond, Boyes, and Rector, were sent by Bro. 
Rector's son, June 13th. Notifications to brethren John Hay, John 
Hays, William Atcheson. Dr. Truman Tuttle, and citations to brethren 
Benjamin Young and Captain James B. Moore, sent under cover to Bro. 
John Hays, Cahokia, by "Mr. Joseph Charless, printer, on his way to 
St. Louis to purchase material." 

June 23d. Thirteen brethren present. "Doctor Caldwell Cairnes" 
initiated, and Thomas Todd raised. 



'22 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

June 24th. St. John's Day. Eighteen brethren and three visitors 
present. The visitors were "James Henderson, of Lodge No. 234, County 
Tyrone, Ireland a Sergeant in the United States army Master Mason, 
and Past Master. Michael Immael, of Lodge No. 79, Chambersburgh 
(Pa.), and Jacob Kimble, Louisiana Lodge No. 109/' both lieutenants in 
the United States Army, and stationed at Fort Chartres. The officers were 
duly installed (a Lodge of Master Masons being opened), and it is pre- 
sumed a banquet was held but no mention is made. A code of by- 
laws was adopted at this meeting, of which the following synopsis is 
given: 

" BYE-LAWS FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE WESTERN STAR LODGE No. 107, ADOPTED ST. 
JOHN'S DAY, 2lTH JUNE, A. L. 5808, AT KASKASKIA: 

" WHEREAS, It is essential to the Beauty, Harmony, and Strength of our Ancient 
Society that the Laws and Regulations for the government of every Individual 
Lodge be established agreeably to the first Principles, and also that those first 
Principles be declared in the Regulations, as well to keep them in perpetual 
remembrance by the members of the Lodge, as to give information to all who 
may be desirous to join themselves in the bond of Masonry: 

"Be it therefore known. That to become a Brother of our Ancient Craft, a belief in 
the ETERNAL CJoo as the Great Architect of the Universe is the first Great Essential. 

"A Mason is to observe the moral law, and in no case to act against the great 
ID ward light of his own conscience. 

" He must avoid the errors of bigotry and superstition, making use of his own 
reason according to that liberty wherewith he is made free. 

"He must allow liberty of conscience to all men ; having Charity and Brotherly 
Love for all. 

"He must be a good citizen of the State in which he lives, as his obligations 
thereto will be greatly enforced by his duty as a Mason. He is to be a lover of 
quiet, and obedient to the civil powers, so far as they infringe not his bounds of 
reason. 

" Treason he must not be concerned in, nor privy to plots against the State, but 
consider the welfare of his country the peculiar care of a Mason. He must be 
industrious, and not eat any man's bread for naught. 

" He must endeavor to abstain from all malice and slander, and cheerfully obey 
those set over him, on account of their superior qualifications, however they may 
be inwardly ranked, for as a Free and Accepted Mason, pre-eminence of virtue 
and knowledge he is to consider as the only standard of true nobility. 

"He must know himself capable of keeping secrets, as it is conferred upon him 
by the strongest obligations. 

" He must be free born, of the age of twenty-one years, of good report, of suffi- 
cient natural endowments, with the sense of a man, with an estate, office, trade, 
or occupation, or some known way of acquiring an honest ' livelyhood.' He must, 
be upright in body, not deformed or dismembered, but of hale and entire limbs, 
as a man ought to be. 

"And for the more immediate well ordering and conducting of this Lodge, it is 
hereby ordained by the Muster, Wardens, and brethren thereof, at this their 
communication." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. :> 

Section 1. Provides that the meetings shall be held on the first Satur- 
day of each month, from seven to ten o'clock between March 25th and 
September 25th, and from six to nine between September 25th and March 
25th. 

Si>c. 2. Provides for election of officers Worshipful Master, Senior and 
Junior Wardens, and Treasurer. 

Sec. 3. Provides that, with the consent of the Lodge, the W. M. may 
appoint two Deacons, the Secretary, and a Steward, and provides that if 
either of the brethren so appointed shall refuse to serve, he shall pay 
one dollar, unless he had served in a similar office before, in which case 
the W. M. made a new appointment. 

Sec. 4. Provides for the duties of the Treasurer all the receipts of 
the Lodge being paid directly to him. 

Sec. 5. In a like manner defines the duties of the Secretary. 

Sec. 6. Provides for proper order and decorum when the Master takes 
the chair, and while the Lodge is in session. 

Sec. 7. Provides for the manner of putting and deciding questions 
before the Lodge. 

Sec. 8. Provides that a brother may call for the previous question, 
and the question put, if the motion is seconded and thirded. 

Sec. 10. ''No brother shall rise to speak or interrupt another addressing 
the Master, unless to call to order; or if any shall mock, deride, or 
endeavor to ridicule any brother whilst speaking, or while the Lodge is 
sitting, he shall, on conviction by a majority of the members present, 
forfeit and pay for the first offense five dollars, and ask pardon of the 
Lodge and of the offended brother ; for the second offense he shall forfeit 
and pay ten dollars, and ask pardon of the Lodge and the offended 
brother; for the third offense he shall forfeit and pay fifteen dollars, an<i 
ask pardon of the Lodge and the offended brother, and for the fourth 
offense shall be expelled, and not be re-admitted without the unanimous 
consent of the Lodge, to be given either by ballot or otherwise, as the 
Lodge shall determine, and shall pay twenty dollars to the charity fund " 

Sec. 11. Provides that the Master shall be the judge of all questions 
of order. 

Sec. 12. Provides that a brother cursing or swearing, or holding an 
angry dispute, shall be subject to the same penalties as prescribed in 
section ten. 

Sec. 13. That no brother shall improperly harass by suit or suits at 
law, any other brother of this or any other Lodge, but shall at all times, 
whenever a dispute exists, give a fair and reasonable opportunity of 
settling the same in an amicable manner. 

Sec. 14. Provides that any brother revealing any of the transactions 
of the Lodge shall be fined fifteen dollars, or be expelled, and if expelled, 
should " not be re-admitted at all." 



-24 HISTORY OF M ASON R Y IX I LLTNOIS. 

Sec. 15. Provides for the appointment of a Tyler, and defines bis 
duties. In the Tyler's absence the duty devolved upon the "youngest 
brother present to tyle the Lodge, who shall do the duty of Tyler without 
reward, under the penalty of five dollars, unless sufficient re;iM.m bo 
assigned. 

Sec. K). Appropriated all fines and forfeitures to the charity fund. 

Sec. 17. Provided that each and every member pay one dollar and 
eighty-four cents at each festival of St. John the Evangelist, one dollar 
for the Charity Fund, and eighty-four cents for the Grand Lodge. The 
penalty for non-payment of dues was expulsion; provided, two-thirds of 
the members present concurred in such motion. Provides for the with- 
drawal of members, and serving of notices on members delinquent. 

Sec. IS. Provides that every brother and visitor shall pay to the Treas- 
urer before retiring from the lodge room, twenty-five cents for refresh- 
ments; and every absent brother was liable to a like charge. 

Sec. 19. In regard to visiting brethren. 

Sec. 20. Provided for the affiliation of members, and the fees therefor. 
If a Master Mason wished to affiliate, the fee was four dollars : if an F. ('., 
eight dollars ; if an E. A., ten dollars, which fee in the latter case probably 
entitled the brethren to advancement; one half of such fees to the char- 
ity fund, and the other to the contingent fund. 

See. 21. Provided for the reception, referring, report upon, and balloting 
upon petitions for initiation, and the fees. The brother initiated paid ti> 
the charity fund eight dollars, to the contingent fund eight dollars, to the 
Secretary one dollar, one dollar to the Tyler, and one dollar for the Grand 
Lodge clues nineteen dollars, which sum it is supposed included the de- 
grees of F. C. and M. M. 

Sec. 22. ' Xo monies shall ever bo taken from the charity fund to pay 
any contingent expenses of the Lodge, without the consent of two-thirds 
of the brethren present." 

Sec. 23. Whenever the charity fund exceeded one hundred dollar?, 
it was to be loaned. 

Sec. 2-1. Provided for the amendment or alteration of these By-Laws. 

Sec. 2."i. Provided that every member shall sign the By-Laws. 

Sec. 2(i. ''All motions to expel a member shall be made at a stated 
Lodge night, and grounded on written charges, which shall be laid be- 
fore the Lodge, a certified copy of which charge shall be delivered (if 
within reach of the Lodge) at least one month before the question shall 
be taken by the Lodge thereon, and the party so charged shall at the 
same time be notified to make his defense iu writing (if within reach of 
the Lodge), accompanied with such proofs as he may think necessary to 
his defense: Provided, however, that the testimony of any person not a- 
member of this Lodge shall be taken before a judge or magistrate, a 
member of this, or any other regular Lodge, and in presence of at least 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 25 

two disinterested Masons agreed upon and nominated by the parties, 
giving the opposite party a reasonable notice (if within the reach of the 
Lodge) of the time and place of taking such testimony. 

" Provided, also, That if a member be reported to be not within the reach 
of this Lodge (by the report of the Secretary in conformity to the above 
rule), the proceedings shall be had against him, as though he were within 
the jurisdiction of the Lodge." 

Signed by Michael Jones. W. 31.; R. Robinson, S. W.; George Fisher, J. W.; 
James Dunlap, Treasurer; William Afundel, Sec.; J. Finney, S. D.; David Robin- 
son. J. D.; Jiimes Edgar, J. Giibreath, John Hays, _J_ames Hall, _Sr., John Hay, 
Nathan Davis, T. Tuttle, James Hall, Jr., Shadrach Bond, Jr., Enoch Paine, Henry 
Connor, liyrd Lockhart, Jr., J. A. Boyes, Thomas C. Browne, Thos. Todd, Win. 
Bennett, Wharton Rector, T. G. R. Rhea, Cald. W. Cairnes, K. Barton, James B. 
Moore, Charles McPherson, Philip Fouke, Jesse W. Cooper, W. Fenwick, Warren t , 
Jirovvn, Wm. C. Greenup t James M. Duncan. L. LaChapelle,*Samuel Omelveny, yp v 
Thomas Ferguson, Jacob Feaman, E. Owen, John Bivins, John H. Robinson, 
John Gilliss, \Vm. McDonald, Samuel C. Christy, David Scott, 3rd, John W. Nel- 
son, Philip Tramell, John Walls, Thomas C. Patterson, James S. Cheek, Clement 
C. Conway, Henry S. Dodge, Hipolite Meuard, Jeptha Sweet, Daniel S. Swearingen, 
Robert Latty, Philip Rocheblave, Thomas Reynolds, Samuel Walker, Samuel 
Smith, David Anderson, Edmund Roberts, Wm. Boon, Josiah T. Belts, William 
McBride, Jesse Griggs, Seth Converse, Alexander Phillips, Wm. Arundel, Samuel 
Whiteside, James Clark, Martin Jones, William Alexander, Beal Greenup, John 
N. Robinson, John Atkins, Ferdinand Onjer, Andrew Buckham, Thomas Brady, 
John Latty, T. J. V. Owen, D. C. Taggart, Amos Anderson. 

July 2nd. Eight brethren present. Petition of Philip Fouke reported 
on, but ballot postponed. 

August 6th. Nine brethren present. Petition of Nathan Pusey re- 
ceived and referred. Ballot for Philip Fouke again postponed, and 
charges against Bro. Benjamin Young postponed, and the Master directed 
to give Bro. Young full information in relation thereto. 

September 2nd. Eight brethren present. Philip Fouke, initiated, 
and Bro. J. B. Moore passed. 

October 1st.- Six brethren present. "A communication from the Grand 
Lodge, read, and one copy ordered to be forwarded to the brethren at 
Cahokia for their information." 

November 5th. Six brethren present. No business transacted. 

November 30th. Eight brethren and two visitors (Isaiah C. Dunn, 
and Ezekiel Fenwick, of Louisiana Lodge No. 109, St. Genevieve) 
present. Bro. Walter Fenwick raised and demitted, in order to join 
Louisiana Lodge. 

December 3rd. Eight brethren present. The petition of Nathan 
Pusey was ordered returned, on ground of insufficient acquaintance with 
the petitioner." The semi-annual election resulted in the choice of James 
Giibreath, W. M.: George Fisher, S. W.: James Finney, J. W.; and 
James Dunlap, Treasurer. 



26 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

December 17th. Eight brethren present. Philip Fouke passed and 
raised. Invitation to join in celebration of St. John's Day (Dec. 27) 
tendered by the Lodge at St. Genevieve accepted. Petition of sundry 
brethren at Cahokia, asking a recommendation for new Lodge, laid over.* 

December 27th. St. John's Day. Seven brethren present. A Lodge of 
Past Masters opened, and the Master installed, after which a Lodge of 
Master Masons was opened and the Senior and Junior Wardens installed. 

January 7th, 1809. Six brethren and one visitor (Bro. Terry) present. 
James B. Moore raised. 

February 4th. Eleven brethren present. Breth. Henry Connor was 
appointed Junior Deacon, Robert Robinson, Secretary. Petition of 
Robert Patton received and referred. Breth. Charles Querey and 
Stephen Foster expelled. 

March 4th. Nine brethren present. Robert Patton initiated, and 
Caldwell Cairnes passed and raised. 

April 1st. Nine brethren present. Robert Patton passed. 

May 6th. Eight brethren and two visitors (Breth. Ezekiel Fenwick 
and " William C. Greenup, of Hirara Lodge No. 4, Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky,") present. Charges preferred against two prominent brethren of 
the Lodge, of defaming the character of the Lodge and its members, 
and immoral conduct, which were referred to a committee for inves- 
tigation. 

June 3d. Six brethren present. Among the brethren present at this 
meeting was Bro. Charles Querey, reported as expelled at a former 
meeting. We are led to suspect that the term "expelled" used in the 
record at that time was a misnomer, that the word exclusion was in- 
tended. The Lodges at that time were in the habit of excluding from 
all participation in the work of the Lodge, brethren who were in arrears, 
until such arrears were settled. The semi-annual election was held, 
and the following brethren elected : James Gilbreath, W. M. ; James 
Finney, S. W. ; Henry Connor, J. W. ; Michael Jones, Treasurer; 
Robert Robinson, Secretary; Philip Fouke, Senior Deacon and Stew- 
ard ; and Bro. Robert Patton, Junior Deacon. " Citations " issued for 
the two brethren against whom charges were preferred at the previous 
meeting. 

June 16th. Six brethren and one visitor (Bro. Greenup) present. 
Robert Patton raised. Invitations fro7ii the Lodges at St. Louis and 
St. Genevieve, to join them in celebrating St. John's Day, received, and 
the latter accepted. The word "Tyler" appears at this meeting, for 
the first time. 



*This petition, signed by brethren "John Hay, Dr. Truman Tattle, William 
Atcheson, John Hays, and Cftl dwell Cairnes, never received the recommendation 
prayed for, owing to some difficulties in regard to dues. 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 27 

June 24th. Six brethren present. Officers installed, Lodge closed, 
and brethren proceeded to Ste. Genevieve. 

July 1st. Seven brethren present. Bro. Greenup visiting. The 
Lodge was called to try the charges previously presented, but the Sec- 
retary having failed to issue the proper notice, the Lodge was closed 
without taking any steps in the matter. 

August 5th. Seven brethren present. Called for the same purpose 
as the preceding meeting, and with the same result, and for the same 
cause. 

September 2d. Six brethren present. The same remarks concerning 
the meeting of July 1st will apply to this. 

October 7th. Nine brethren present. Bro. Greenup visiting. Same 
proceedings as at the meeting of July 1st. 

November 4th. Ten brethren present. Breth. E. Fenwick and "John 
Donohue, Louisiana Lodge No. 109, Ste. Genevieve," visiting. The 
Secretary ordered to make full returns to the Grand Lodge, and Breth. 
Arundel, Finney, and Fouke appointed a "Finance Committee." 

December 2d. Ten brethren present. Breth. Greenup and Jacob 
Fisher visiting. One of the brethren against whom charges were pre- 
ferred presented a communication to the Lodge and requested that the 
Lodge at St. Louis might be "deputised" to try the charges. The 
document was referred to a committee of five to report upon at the next 
meeting. Bro. William C. Greenup was admitted upon petition. The 
semi-annual election resulted in the choice of Breth. George Fisher, 
for W. M. ; James Finney, S. W. ; William Arundel, J. W.; Henry 
Connor, Treasurer. An invitation was ordered to be sent to the breth- 
ren at Ste. Genevieve for St. John's Day. 

December 27th. Six brethren present. W. M., S. and J. Wardens in- 
stalled in a Lodge of Past Masters. Breth. Greenup appointed Secretary, 
Fouke S. D. and Steward, and Bro. Patton Junior Deacon. No mention 
of the celebration of the day, or of any attendance from Louisiana 
Lodge, is made. 

January 6th, 1810. Eight brethren present. Committee on " the 
charges " reported, and report ordered to "lie over for consideration." 

January 13th. Eight brethren present. No business beyond the ap- 
pointment of a Finance Committee transacted. 

February 3d. Six brethr&n present. Bro. John Hay is reported as a 
visitor, although there is no record of his demission. Petition of Louis 
LaChappelle received and referred. Finance Committee granted further 
time, and " charges " laid over to next meeting. 

No meeting in March. 



*There is no record (and the record states plainly Worshipful Master, Senior 
and Junior Wardens), at any time, of the installation of any officer below the 
Junior Warden. 



28 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

April 7th. Seven brethren present. "All business postponed to next 
stated Lodge night." 

May 5th. Eight brethren present. John Gordon, of Union Lodge 
No. 1, Ohio, visiting. Xo business of any importance transacted. 

May 17th. Eight brethren present. Louis LaChappelle initiated. 

June2d. Five brethren present. Lodge opened on the first degree. 
"William C. Greenup elected W. M. ; James Finney, S. "VV. ; Philip 
Fouke, J. W.; and Thomas Todd, Treasurer. In consequence of their all 
having the "chills," all unfinished business was "postponed." Invita- 
tions to the Lodges at St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve to join in celebrating 
St. John's Day were ordered to issue. 

June 24th. Ten brethren and four visitors present. The visitors 
on this occasion were "Harvey Lane, late of Russellville Lodge, Ken- 
tucky; Benjamin Stephenson, late of Hagerstown Xo. 33 (Maryland): 
Thomas T. Crittenden, of St. Genevieve Lodge Xo. I0',), s and Eobert 
Elliott, late of a Lodge held at Carlyle, Pennsylvania, under a dispen- 
sation from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania." A Lodge of Past Masters 
was opened, Shadrach Bond presiding, when the Master and Warding 
were installed. This being done, a Lodge of Master Masons was opened. 
The following appointments were made : William Arundel, Secretary ; 
George Fisher and Robert Patton, Deacons, "when the brethren pro- 
ceeded in procession to Bro. P. Fouke's, and partook of a repast there, 
and returned to the lodge-room in the same manner. At Bro. P. Fouke's 
the brethren were visited by Bro. Andrew McCormick, of Lodge Xo. 137, 
of Loughbrickland, of Ireland, Orange Body, and introduced as a Fellow 
Craft." 

July 7th. Xine brethren present. Bro. Thos. C. Crittenden visiting. 
The Finance Committee were "ordered" to report at next meeting; Bro. 
Tuttle "ordered" to be present at the September meeting, and petition 
of Ezra Owen received and referred. 

August 4th. Thirteen brethren present. Breth. McCormick, Critten- 
den, and "Major Taylor, Abraham Lodge Xo. 8, Kentucky, a M. M.," 
visiting. Ezra Owen initiated. The brethren against whom charges 
were preferred were "cited" to appear at the October meeting. The 
Finance Committee were granted further time to report. 

September (1st Saturday). Seven brethren- present. " Bro. David 
C. Knox, of Xo. 19, Philadelphia, a M. M.," visiting. Ezra Owen 
passed. All unfinished business " postponed " until, next meeting. 

October 6th. Twelve brethren present. "John Robinson, of Lodge 
Xo. 13, Virginia, a M. M.," visiting. Louis LaChappelle passed. A 
Lodge of Master Masons being opened, Bro. James Edgar "came for- 
ward" and answered to certain charges alleged against him, and having 



*This is a mistake in the record. The name of the Lodge was Louisiana, not 
St. Genevieve. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 20 

made suitable apologies, a fine of twenty-five dollars, previously assessed 
against him, was remitted. " Doctor Truman Tuttle" was expelled. 

November 3d. Ten brethren present. Breth. John Robinson and 
"Thomas "W. Thrustou, of Abraham Lodge No. 8, Kentucky, an E. A.," 
visiting. The time of meeting was changed from Saturday to " 1st 
Thursday of each month." "The Junior Brethren having retired, a 
Lodge of Master Masons opened," and Bro. Ezra Owen raised. 

November Sth. Twelve brethren present. Bro. Louis LaChappelle 
raised. 

December 6th. Nine brethren present. The election resulted in the 
choice of Bro. James Finney for W. M.; James Gilbreath, S. W.; Michael 
Jones, J. W.; and Ezra Owen, Treasurer. 

December 27th, St. John's Day. Ten brethren present. The following 
appointments were made: William Arundel, Secretary; David Robinson, 
Senior Deacon; James Edgar, Junior Deacon; and James Gilbreath,. 
Steward. A Lodge of Master Masons was then opened, and all the officers 
installed, being the first instance of the installation of any officer below 
Junior Warden. 



CHAPTER IV. 



January 13, 1811. Five brethren present. Lodge opened on the Jfrxf 
degree, and all business postponed until next meeting. 

February 7th. Nine brethren present. No business transacted. 

March 7th. Eleven brethren present. Breth. Knox and "Thomas 
Ferguson, of Lodge No. 87, Yorktown, South Carolina," visiting. Bro. 
Ferguson was admitted a member upon petition. Dr. Dunlap "reported 
for not paying up Lodge dues." 

April 5th. Twelve brethren present. The only business before the 
Lodge was the consideration of " Doctor James Dunlap's" delinquency 
as regarded Lodge dues, the consideration of which, upon motion of Bro. 
Todd, was "postponed for two years." 

May 3d. Seven brethren present. No business transacted. 

June 7th. Nine brethren present. " Wm. 0. Allen, of St. Louis Lodge 
No. Ill, a M. M.," visiting. The following officers were elected : Win. 
C. Greenup, W. M.; John H. Eobinson, S. W.; James Edgar, J. W.; 
Michael Jones, Treasurer. Petition of Wm. McDonald, "of Harrison- 
ville," received and referred. 

June 15th. Nine brethren present. A Finance Committee was ap- 
pointed, and steps taken towards liquidating the liabilities of the Lodge. 

June 24th, St. John's Day. Nine brethren present. "Stated Lodge 
night; dues" reduced from twenty-five to twelve and a half cents. Bills 
to the amount of $150.07i allowed. What these allowances were for, is 
not stated, except in one instance, viz.: " Eight dollars to Bro. D. 
Robinson, for a sword," which proves conclusively that "the grim Tyler 
with his rusty old sword" was not a myth in those days. "The Junior 
Brethren having retired, a Lodge of "Pass Masters" was opened, and 
Bro. Greenup duly installed W. M.; after which, a Lodge of Master 
Masons was opened, and the S. and J. Wardens, Treasurer, and the fol- 
lowing appointed officers installed: Wm. Arundel, Secretary; David 
Eobinson and Louis LaChappelle, Deacons; and Jas. Gilbreath, Steward 
and Tyler. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 31 

July 6th. Three brethren present. Lodge opened on ihQ_ftrst degree, 
but no business transacted. 

July 25th. Six brethren present. Lodge opened on the Jirst degree, 
and petition of David Scott received and referred. 

August 2nd. Seven brethren present. William. McDonald and David 
Scott, initiated. 

August 10th. Seven brethren present. David Scott passed. 

September 6th. Six brethren present. Lodge opened on the first, sec- 
ond, and third degrees, and Bro. David Scott raised. 

October 4th. Six brethren present. Lodge opened on ihefirst degree, 
but no business transacted. 

October 16th. Present: Michael Jones, W. M., pro tern.; James 
E<l:jar, S. ~Vf.,pro tern.: Philip Fouke, J. W.,pro tern.; James Gilbreath, 
S. D.,pro tern.; George Fisher, J. D.,pro tern.; James Finney, Secretary, 
pro tern. Brethren John II. Eobinson and Benjamin Stephenson. The 
Lodge was called for the purpose of attending the funeral of Bro. Robert 
Robinson, deceased " when a M. Mason's Lodge was opened in ample 
form, and proceeded to the place of interment, and after the usiv^l 
solemnities returned and closed in harmony, etc." This is the first record 
of a Masonic funeral in the State of Illinois. This funeral took place 
five years (lacking two months) from the organization of the Lodge, and 
nearly fifty-eight years ago. Since that time and in those fifty-eight 
years, the Fraternity grew strong, although nearly annihilated by the 
fierce gusts of passion, revenge, and ignorance which swept over it; it 
is to-day proudly triumphant, and holds up its head among the institu- 
tions of the earth. And in that time, while the Fraternity has so grown 
and multiplied, our beautiful funeral service has been listened to thous- 
ands of times, demonstrating unerringly that "Earth to earth, dust to 
dust, and ashes to ashes," is no vain utterance, but teaches a fearful les- 
son "to all mankind, but more especially the Mason." 

November 1st. Four brethren present. No business beyond opening 
and closing on the second degree transacted. 

December 6th. Nine brethren present. " Bro. Seth Converse, of 
Franklin Lodge No. 6, New Hampshire, introduced by Bros. Bond and 
Todd, as a Master Mason," visiting. Bro. John II. Robinson granted a 
certificate of " dismissal" in order to join the Lodge at Ste. Genevievc, 
and Bro. Thomas Todd allowed to " withdraw, he having assigned satis- 
factory reasons therefor." The following officers were elected: Philip 
Fouke, W. M.; Win. C. Greenup, S. W.; James Edgar, J. W.: Michael 
Jones, Treasurer. 

December 27th. St. John's Day. Five brethren present. Opened on 
the third degree. A communication from St. Louis Lodge No. Ill, re- 
garding the expulsion of " Doctor Truman Tuttle," was received and 
referred to brethren Greenup, Fouke, Fisher, and Arundel. " The 



32 HISTOKY OF MASOXltY IN ILLINOIS. 

Lodge was called from labor to refreshment, when the brethren who 
were not Past Masters withdrew, whereupon the Lodge was again called 
to labor, -the M. M. Lodge closed, and a Past M. Lodge opened. 
Worshipful Master William C. Grecnup, Master; James Edgar, Senior 
Warden; Michael Jones, Junior Warden ; when the Master, Wardens, 
and Treasurer were regularly installed, and took their seats; after which 
the Past M. Lodge closed and a Master M's. Lodge opened, and 
called to refreshment, and the absent brethren called in, and the Lodge 
called again to labor." It was resolved to remove the Lodge from the 
house of Bro. Edgar to that of Bro. Greenup. The following appoint- 
?nents were made, but the officers were not installed; William Arundel, 
Secretary; James Gilbreath and Ezra Owen, Deacons; William C. 
Grecnup, Steward. 

January 3d, 1812. Three brethren present. No business transacted. 

No meeting in February. 

March 6th. Four brethren present. "The lodge was opened on the 
first degree. The minutes of the last stated night being called for, it was 
found that no lodge was held that the earthquakes, so frequent and 
alarming at the time, rendered an assemblage of the members almost 
impossible, and indeed unsafe. The stone house in which the lodge was 
kept was considerably shattered by the frequent concussions, and was on 
that evening abandoned by its proprietor, Bro. Greenup, who from the 
hurry of the moment, in moving his family, forgot to make any arrange- 
ments. The books and furniture then became inaccessible to those who 
had met, and consequently the delinquency on the part of the lodge in 
not meeting was unavoidable." 

April 4th. Five brethren present. "Brother Aaron Burr, Master 
Mason, member of Union Lodge No. 40, Connecticut," visiting. The 
communication from the Lodge at St. Louis was answered, but what the 
answer was can not be stated, as no record of it was made. 

May 1st. Four brethren present. No business transacted. 

June 5th. Four brethren present. Bro. William Arundel was granted 
a certificate of " demission," he donating to the lodge all balances due 
him. This certificate, the original of which is in our possession, reads as 
follows : 

"SU.MMA LAUS DEO. 
" In the East arose a light, and the light shineth in darkness, and the darkness compn - 

hendcth it not. 

' We, the Master and Wardens of Western Star Lodge No. 107, Ancient York 
Masons, held in the Town of Kaskaskin, in the Illinois Territory, under a regu- 
lar charter from the Worshipful Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, do hereby certify 
that Brother William Arundel, who hath signed his name in the margin, and 
unto whom we grant these letters, is a regular and duly Registered Master 
Mason, and has performed all his works amongst us to the entire satisfaction 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 33 

of his brethren. We therefore pray all the Worshipful Lodges and all Free 
and Accepted Masons to receive him into Fellowship wherever Providence 
may allot his abode on Earth. 

" In testimony whereof we have hereto set our hands, countersigned by our 
said Brother and Secretary (no seal for our Lodge being yet provided), at Kas- 
kuskia, this twenty-second day of June, Anno Lucis 5812, Anno Domino 1812. 

"P. FOUKE, Master, 

WM. C. GREENUP, S. Warden, 
"Mieii'L JONES, See\i/ P. 7'." JAMES EDGAR, J. Warden." 

Bro. David Scott was granted a like certificate. Officers as follows 
were elected : Michael Jones, W. M.; James Edgar, S. W.; George Fisher, 
J. W ; Philip Fouke, Treasurer; all of whom had at some time presided 
over the Lodge. 

June 24th. Four brethren present. Lodge opened on the first, second r 
and third degrees. The Lodge of Master Masons was then closed, and a 
Lodge of Past Masters opened, and the Master installed. This Lodge was 
then closed, a Lodge of Master Masons opened, and the absent brother 
(Ezra Owen) recalled. The Senior Warden and Treasurer were then in- 
stalled. The Junior Warden being absent, Bro. Greenup was appointed 
to act until he should be installed. Breth. Owen and LaChappelle were 
appointed Deacons. 

No meetings were held during the months of July, August, and Sep- 
tember. 

October 2nd. Six brethren present. John Caldwell, of Vincennes 
Lodge No. 15, Indiana Territory, visiting. No business transacted. 

No meeting held in November. 

December 4th. Seven brethren present. The Lodge was opened on the 
first degree in "ample form." The old officers were re-elected. 

December 27th. St. John's Day. Seven brethren present. Breth. 
John Caldwell and Benjamin Talbott, F. C. of Jerusalem Lodge No. 9, 
Kentucky, visiting. The Lodge was opened in the first degree and closed, 
and a Lodge of Fellow Crafts opened. Petition of George W. Frazier 
received and referred. The Master, Wardens, and Treasurer were in- 
stalled, a Lodge of Past Masters being opened. Breth. Owen and 
LaChappelle were re-appointed Deacons, and Bro. Greenup appointed 
Secretary. The petition of " Col. Philip Trammell" received, referred, 
report instanter. Candidate elected and initiated. 

January 8th, 1813. Six brethren present. Petitions of Clement C. 
Conway and Thomas C. Patterson, received and referred, and after the 
election of Geo. W. Frazier for initiation, the Lodge was closed. 

February 5th. Seven brethren present. Bro. Daniel S. Swearingen 
visiting. Thomas C. Patterson and Clement C. Conway initiated. Bro. 

3 



34 H1STOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Gilbreath was ordered to come before the Lodge at its next meeting and 
show cause why he neglected to attend the meetings of the same. 

February 9th. Six brethren present. Thomas C. Patterson passed. 

March 5th. Seven brethren present. "The Lodge was opened in the 
first step of Masonry, according to the Ancient Custom. When on 
examination of Bro. Conway, who prayed to take the step of a Fellow 
Craft, it was moved the said brother withdraw."* The brother was 
then passed. Petitions of Leonard White and John McFerron received 
and referred. 

April 2d. Six brethren present. Petition of Thomas Leavins received 
and referred. 

April 10th. Five brethren present. Clement C. Conway raised. 

May 7th. Eight brethren present. Petition of " Hypolite (John.) 
Menard" received and referred. Bro. Gilbreath stated his reasons for 
not attending the meetings of the Lodge, which were deemed reasona- 
ble, and he granted a demit. The case of Bro. Dunlap, which was laid 
over two years before, was taken up and indefinitely postponed. 

June 4th. Ten brethren present. Daniel S. Swearingen, " late of 
Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 33, Maryland," admitted a member upon petition. 
Bro. Wm. McDonald "examined as to his progress," and passed. John 
McFerron initiated. William C. Greenup was elected Master: Philip 
Fouke, Senior Warden; Thomas Todd,f Junior Warden; and Ezra 
Owen, Treasurer. Breth. Fouke, McFerron, and Greenup were appointed 
.a committee to provide "dinner" for St. John's Day. 

June 15th. Nine brethren present. Hypolite (John) Menard initiated. 

June 24th. St. John's Day. Eleven brethren present. Officers in- 
stalled, and the following appointments made: Michael Jones, Secre- 
tary; Daniel S. Swearingen, and Louis LaChappelle, Deacons; Clement 
C. Conway, Steward; John Menard, Tyler. Wharton Rector, a member 
of the Lodge, having been reported by the Grand Lodge as suspended in 
December, 1805, by Winchester Lodge No. 14, Virginia, a committee 
was appointed to investigate the matter. No other business transacted. 

July 2d. Eight brethren present. John McFerron passed. Petitions 
of Philip Rocheblave and Samuel Walker received and referred. 

August 6th. Eight brethren present. Wharton Rector was "unani- 
mously expelled." The case of James Dunlap was again brought up, 
and he "unanimously expelled." Petition of David Anderson received 
and referred. Philip Rocheblave and Samuel Walker initiated. Petitions 
of William Boon and Michael Buyatte received and referred. Bro. 
Fouke was appointed a committee to procure furniture, and all delin- 
quents were ordered to settle their dues. 

*This is the first record of any examination of candidates being had. 
tit will be recollected that Bro. Todd was at a previous meeting allowed to 
withdraw, but there is no record of any subsequent affiliation. 



HISTORY OP MASONRY IN ILLINOIS- 35 

September 3d. Eleven brethren present. Philip Rocheblave passed, 
and Thomas C. Patterson raised. Petition of Jesse Griggs received and 
referred; David Anderson elected ; William Boon and Michael Buyatte 
rejected.* 

September 7th. Nine brethren present. Hypolite (John) Menard 
and Philip Rocheblave raised. 

October 1st. Seven brethren present. John McFerron passed. Pe- 
titions of William Boon and Michael Buyatte received and referred. 
Samuel Walker raised. Committee on Furniture discharged, and all 
consideration of that subject " dispensed with." 

November 5th.- Eight brethren present.- Michael Buyatte initiated. 
Bro. Greenup, the Master, expressed a desire to withdraw from the 
Lodge. His communication was made the special order for the next 
stated meeting. 

November 24th. Twelve brethren present. " Colo. Philip Trammell 
passed." 

November 27th. Twelve brethren present. Thomas Ferguson raised. 

December 3d. Fifteen brethren present. William Boon initiated. 
The semi-annual election resulted as follows: For W. M., Wm. C. 
Greenup; S. W., Philip Fouke; J. W., Clement C. Conway; Treasurer, 
Philip Rocheblave. Brethren Fisher, Fouke, and Conway were appointed 
a committee to prepare dinner on St. John's Day. 

December 27th. St. John's Day. Fifteen brethren present. Officers 
installed, and Michael Jones appointed Secretary; John Menard and 
Samuel Walker, Deacons: John McFerron, Steward. 

*Tiiese are the first rejections on record. 



CHAPTER V. 



1814-15-16. 



January 7th, 1814. Thirteen brethren present. Petitions of Jacob 
Short, Major John Mordock, and Dr. Allen Mann, were received and 
referred. Charges were preferred against a brother for absconding "to- 
the great injury of his creditors generally." 

February 14. Twelve brethren present. Jacob A. Boyce "unani- 
mously expelled." 

March 4th. Eleven brethren present. Brethren David Anderson, 
Michael Buyatte, and William Boon, " separately" passed. 

March 9th. Eight brethren present. John McFerron, and William 
Boon, raised. 

April 1st. Twelve brethren present. David Anderson, raised, and 
petition of Allen Mann withdrawn. 

April 16th. Twelve brethren present. William McDonald raised, 
and he and Bro. Robert Patton granted demits. 

May 6th. Fourteen brethren present. Michael Buyatte raised, and 
petition of John Mordock withdrawn. Petitions of James Hall, Jr., 
and John Cochran received and referred. 

June 2d. Seven brethren present. Michael Jones was elected W- 
M.; Philip Fouke, S. W.; C. C. Conway, J. W.; and Philip Rocheblave* 
Treasurer. Petitions of Wm. McBride, John Irwin, and David Fulton, 
received and referred. The Master was authorized to purchase "15 
aprons and sashes." 

June 24th, St. John's Day. Twenty-three brethren present. Thomas 
Stewart, of Ark Lodge No. 127, Philadelphia; Benj. Stephenson, William 
Arundel, and Seth Converse, visiting. The officers (W. M., S. and J. 
Ws.) were installed, and the following appointments made: " Breth. 
Win. C. Greenup, Secretary, John Menard and Shadrach Bond, Deacons, 
Rtmuel Walker, Tyler, and John McFerron, Steward. After the tran- 
saction of business, the brethren proceeded to the " House of Brother 
Philip Fouke," and partook of the refreshments prepared for them. 



(. v 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 37 

July 1st. Eight brethren present. An account of $26 for aprons and 
sashes was allowed. A committee appointed at a previous meeting, t<> 
procure a room, reported, and granted still further time. 

August 5th. Eight brethren present. William McBride initiated, 
John Cochran elected, and ballots as to John Irwin and David Fulton 
postponed. 

September 2d. Nine brethren present. David Fulton and John Irwin 
rejected. Petitions of James Clark and Robert Foster received and re- 
ferred. 

October 7th. Six brethren present. Petition of James Hall, Sr., re- 
ceived and referred. Notice was filed of an intention to move an amend- 
ment " to a certain by-law," but which by-law, or what the amendment 
was, does not appear of record. 

ss - November 4th. Ten brethren present. Petition of Elias K. Kane 
s\ it f^JVTn t L tji iew Duncan, received and referred. Robert Foster rejected 
Thomas Leavins initiated. 

December 2d. Fifteen brethren present. Petitions of Breth. Seth 
Converse and William Arundel, for affiliation, received, referred, and they 
elected. William McBride passed. The old officers were re-elected. 

December 13th. Thirteen brethren present. Thomas Shannon, of 
Jerusalem Lodge No. 9, Kentucky, visiting. Bro. Philip Tramrnell 
raised. 

^Pecember 27th, v St. John's Day. Fifteen brethren present. William 
C. Greenup was appointed Secretary; John H. Menard, and Shadrach 
Bond, Deacons ; John 'McFerron, Steward; and Samuel Walker, Tyler. 
The elective officers were installed, and Matthjejy_I)aucan initiated. 

January 6, 1815. Thirteen brethren "present. Joshua Nowell,of Jeru- 
salem Lodge No. 9, Kentucky, visiting. A matter of difference having 
arisen between two of the brethren, Breth. Arundel, Greenup, and Edgar 
were appointed to try and reconcile the same. A subscription was or- 
dered to be taken, for the purpose of " building a lodge-room." Petition 
of William Alexander received and referred. 

February 3d. Ten brethren present. The committee to whom that 
duty had been intrusted, reported that the difficulty between the two 
brethren, heretofore alluded to, had been amicably adjusted, to the satis- 
faction of themselves and the committee, "whereupon the Worshipful 
Michael Jones, Master, congratulated them." James Clark initiated, 
and Matthew Duncan and Thomas Leavins passed. 

March 3d. Twelve brethren present. William McBride raised. 

April 7th. Fourteen brethren present. Archibald Tanner, Lodge No. 
21, Ohio, visiting. Petition of Nathan Davis received and referred. 
William Alexander initiated. 

April 9th. Eleven brethren present. James Hall, Sr., initiated. 



38 HISTOKY OF MASOXKY IN ILLINOIS. 

May 5th. Ten brethren present. A committee appointed to procure a 
suitable room, and committee on petition of Nathan Davis, granted 
further time. 

May 16. Twelve brethren present. Wm. Alexander passed. 

June 1st. Twelve brethren present. Enoch Paine visiting. Petition 
of Byrd Lockhart received and referred. Nathan Davis initiated. The 
election resulted in the choice of Breth. Shadrach Bond for W. M.; Philip 
Fouke, S. W.; James Edgar, J. W.; and Clement C. Conway, Treasurer. 
Breth. Fouke, McFerron, and Conway were appointed a committee to 
prepare for St. John's Day, and directed to invite Josiah Randall to 
"preach a sermon on that day." 

June 24th. Nine brethren present. Bro. Greenup was re-appointed 
Secretary; Breth. Walker and Menard, Deacons; D. S. Swearingen, 
Tyler, and John McFerron, Steward. James Hall (Jr.) initiated. Breth. 
Edgar, Walker, and Swearingen were appointed a committee to "instruct 
the younger brethren." Officers installed. 

7th. Nine brethren present. Matthew Duncan_raised. Charges 
/ were preferred against a brother, alleging having in his possession, 
cOv making, and altering forged bank notes, and associating with counter- 
\ feiters. The charges were referred to a committee to "collect testimony 

for and against the charges." 

August 4th. Thirteen brethren present. Enoch Paine having peti- 
tioned, was admitted a member. James Hall, Sr., passed. 

August 5th. Thirteen brethren present. Thomas Leavins raised. 

August 24th. Eleven brethren present. Bro. James Gilbreath was 
summoned to "appear in open Lodge," which appearance the record 
would have us to infer was put in, but what for we do not know, as the 
record states "that having gone through the business before them," the 
Lodge was closed. 

September 1st. Ten brethren present. The Finance Committee re- 
ported " thirty-eight dollars, forty-eight cents " in the treasury. This is 
the first instance of that committee, or, in fact, any committee, except 
those of investigation, making any reports. The charges against Bro. 
James Gilbreath "were taken as confessed, he not having appeared or 
made any defense," and he was accordingly " unanimously expelled by 
a unanimous vote." 

September 3d. Six brethren present. Nathan Davis passed. 

In this month Lawrence Lodge No. 34, at Shawneetown, received its 
dispensation from the M. W. Grand Lodge of Kentucky. R. W. Bro. Mc- 
Corckle, Grand Secretary of that Grand Lodge informs us: " Lawrence 
Lodge No. 34, at Shawneetown, Illinois, dispensation granted September 
, 1815, Daniel Bradford being Grand Master, James G. Trotter, Grand 
Secretary. Chartered August, 1816, William H. Richardson being Grand 
Master, Trotter, Grand Secretary. Bro. Meredith W. FisLer was the 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 39 

first Master of the Lodge. It continued on the register of the Grand 
Lodge of Kentucky until 1824, when it was dropped, the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois having been then formed." No further information can be ob- 
tained, owing to the fact that the records and archives of the Grand 
L "Ige of Kentucky were destroyed by fire, at Lexington, some years ago. 

October fith. Nine brethren present. Bro. E. Hockersmith, of Rus- 
sellville (Kentucky) Lodge No. 17, visiting. Byrd Lockhart initiated. 
Petition of John Cooper received and referred. "The lodge-room being 
occupied by a sick person, the Lodge removed to the house of Bro. Jones, 
by consent," and there Bro. Nathan Davis was raised, the Lodge closing 
at 12 M. 

October 28th. Nine brethren present. Byrd Lockhart passed. 

November 4th. Thirteen brethren present. Byrd Loekhart raised. 
Committee on petition of John Cooper granted further time. Bro. 
Greenup was allowed one dollar twelve and a half cents, postage on 
"one communication " from the Grand Lodge. 

December 2d. Thirteen brethren present. Committee on petition of 
John Cooper granted still further time. Shadrach Bond " elected Master 
pursuant to by-laws," Philip Fouke, "Seignor Warden;" Samuel Walker, 
Junior Warden; and Clement C. Con way, Treasurer. Bretli. Jones, Fouke, 
and Greenup were appointed a committee to make arrangements for a 
" Masonic dinner and ball," on St. John's Day, and it was "ordered" 
that every brother who attended should pay two dollars. Petition of 
Robert Foster received and referred. 

December 27th. A Lodge of Past Masters was opened: Shadrach 
Bond, Master; Philip Fouke, S. W.; M. Jones, J. W.; W. C. Greenup, 
Secretary and Tyler. Shadrach Bond, W. M., and Philip Fouke, S. W., 
were installed, when the Lodge closed and a Lodge of Master Masons 
was opened, and the Junior Warden and Treasurer installed, and the 
Lodge of Master Masons closed and a Lodge of Entered Apprentices 
opened. Seventeen brethren present. William Bennett, of Hiram Lodge 
No. 25, New Jersey, visiting. D. S. Swearingen was appointed Secretary ; 
Ilypolite Menard and David Anderson, Deacons; Enoch Paine, Tyler, 
and John McFerron, Steward. Petition of Thomas C. Browne was re- 
ceived, referred, and reported on instanter, and the candidate initiated. 
The Lodge then proceeded to the house of Bro. Fouke, and partook of 
a " Festival Dinner," and " returned to the Lodge in order." 

January 2nd, 1816. Ten brethren present. James Hall, Jr., and 
Thomas C. Browne passed. 

January 6th. Ten brethren present. Bro. James B.Edwards, Friend- 
ship Lodge No. 74, Virginia, visiting. Robert Foster rejected. Petition 
of Jesse Griggs received and referred. James Clark passed, and Thomas 
C. Browne raised. A committee was appointed to' inquire into the needs 
of the familv of one of the brethren who was absent from home. 



40 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN I LLINOIB. 

January 23d. Seven brethren present. " The Worshipful Master.an- 
uounced to the brethren the melancholy news of the death of their 
worthy brother Thomas Todd, who departed this life on Monday even- 
ing about 6 o'clock, the 15th instant. The Treasurer was directed to 
procure crape and blue ribbon for the members, the crape to be worn on 
the hats, and the ribbon at the third button hole of the vest: to be worn 
thirty days. 

February 3d. Thirteen brethren present. Bro. LaChappelle de- 
mitted ; also Philip Trammel!. 

March 2nd. Fourteen brethren present. James Clark raised. Com- 
mittees on petitions of Griggs and Cooper granted further time. Wil- 
liam Bennett admitted as a member upon petition. Committee on 
Finances reported $535. 65 due the Lodge. Philip Rocheblave demitted. 
The original demit, or rather diploma, granted Bro. Rocheblave is in our 
possession, and as it is a curiosity, it is here inserted: 

" WESTERN STARR LODGE No. 107. 
"To all Free and Accepted Masons ; Union, Health, and Hapiness : 

"We the Masters and Wardens of Western Starr Lodge No. 107, held at Kasku.*- 
kia, in the county of Randolph, under the Grand Warrant of Pennsylvania, assem- 
bled in Due form adorned with all our honors, do hereby declare and attest to all 
men enlightened on the face of the earth, that our beloved Bro. Phillip Roaehblave, 
who hath signed his name in the margin, hath been received as an entered ap- 
prentice, passed as a fellow Craft; and after having sustained with firmness, 
strength, and courage, the most painful works and wonderful trials, we have 
given to him as a recompence, due to his zeal, diligence, and capacity, the HI!>- 
blime degree of Master, and have admitted and initiated him as such into our 
misteries and secret works in which he has helped us with his talents, skill and * 
knowledge. In testimony whereof, we have granted to him this present certifi- 
cate, signed by our Master and Wardens, and attested by our Secretary, with the 
private seal of Hie said Lodge, the twenty-fifth day of April, in the year of Ma- 
sonry 6816, and of Salvation 1816. 

"S. BOND, 11". M. 
P. FOUKE, S. I!'. 
SAMUEL WALKER, J. W. 
" Attest. D. S. SWEARINGEN, Secretary." 

March 4th. Twelve brethren present. Brethren Joseph McFerron, 
Sr., of Orange Lodge No. 12, Belfast, Ireland, and Thomas Towles, of 
Jerusalem Lodge Xo. 9, Kentucky, visiting. James Hall, Sr., raised. 

April Oth. Seventeen brethren present. Committees on petitions of 
Messrs. Griggs and Cooper reported, but no ballot was taken. 

May 4th. Seven brethren present. Petition of William Mears re- 
ceived and referred. Jesse Griggs elected. 

June 1st. Ten brethren present. The election resulted in the choice 
of Bro. Philip Fouke for W. M.; Samuel Walker, S. W.; David Anderson, 
J. W.; and C. C. Conway, Treasurer. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 41 

June 24th. Nineteen brethren present. Bro. \V. Alexander raised. 
Officers elect installed. Swearingen appointed Secretary ; Menard and 
Paine, Deacons ; McBride, Tyler; and Conway, Steward. James Edgar 
demitted. 

*t July 6th. Nine brethren present. Charges were preferred against 
Bro. Matthew Duncan, which the Lodge unanimously refused to receive. 
.lie was then granted a demit. 
^- August 3d. Six brethren present. Bro. Greenup demitted. 

September . Six brethren present. Lodge was removed to the 
house of Bro. Paine. No other business transacted. 

October 5th. Six brethren present. The Lodge passed a resolution 
preventing the W. M. from drawing orders on the Treasurer until the 
next stated meeting.* Petition of Nicholas G. R. Rhea received and re- 
ferred. The delinquents were notified that if they did not settle by the 
next St. John's Day, they would be expelled. Fifty dollars was appro- 
priated for refitting the lodge-room. 

November 2nd. Ten brethren present. "Warren Brown, of Morning 
Star Lodge, New York, visiting. Petition of William Mears withdrawn. 
N. G. R. Rhea elected. 

December 7th. Thirteen brethren present. James Dougherty, of Lex- 
ington Lodge No. 1, Kentucky, visiting. Bro. Michael Jones was 
elected W. M.; Samuel Walker, S. W.; David Anderson, J. W.; Enoch 
Paine, Treasurer. The usual committee of arrangements for the cele- 
bration of St. John's Day was appointed, and the Secretary directed to 
advertise the same in the "public newspaper printed at Kaskaskia." 
Nicholas G. R. Rhea initiated. 

December 27th. Fourteen brethren present. " David Vought, of Law- 
rence Lodge No. 34, Shawneetown," visiting. Shadrach Bond and Philip 
Fouke appointed Deacons; Swearingen, Secretary ; and Paine, Steward , 
and Tyler. The Lodge then proceeded to the house of Bro. William 
Bennett, and partook of dinner " and other refreshments provided by 
the committee." 



* Bros. Fouke and Swearingen wished to pay the Grand Lodge dues, amounting 
to some $60, which some of the brethren did not wish to do, in view of the con- 
dition of the finances of the Lodge. 



CHAPTER VI. 



1817-18-19. 



January 4th, 1817. Six brethren present. C. C. Conway demitted, 
which was all the business transacted. 

February 1st. Ten brethren present. Petition of Jesse W. Cooper 
received and referred. 

March 1st. Eleven brethren present. Nicholas G. E. Rhea passed ; 
committee on petition of Jesse W. Cooper granted further time, and Bre,th. 
Bennett and McFerron fined twenty-five cents each, for non-attendance 
at the previous meeting. 

April 5th. Twelve brethren present. No business, beyond continuing 
committee on petition of Jesse W. Cooper, transacted, yet the lodge did 
not close until 10 o'clock P. M., having opened at 6 o'clock. 

May 3d. Fourteen brethren present. " Joseph Philips, of Cumberland 
Lodge, Tennessee," visiting. N. G. R. Rhea raised. D. S. Swearingen 
was granted a demit. 

June 7th. Five brethren present. Petitions of Kimber Barton and 
Charles McPherson received and referred. No election held at this meet- 
ing- 
June 24th. Fifteen brethren present. No business transacted, the 
day being celebrated by partaking of a dinner, at the house of Bro. Ben- 
nett. 

July 5th. Nine brethren present. Petition of James Edgar, for affili- 
ation, received, referred, reported on instanter, and he elected. Jesse 
W. Cooper and Kimber Barton elected, and the latter initiated. 

August 2d. Twelve brethren present. "John Arquay, of Lod^e No. 1 2, 
St. Louis, Missouri Territory," visiting. Charles McPherson initiated. 
Petition of James M. Duncan received and referred. 

September Gth. Nine brethren present. The Lodge having received 
notice of the death of Bro. N. G. R. Rhea, it was 

"Resolved, That the members of this Lodge will, as a token of their grief for 
the death of their deceased brother, N. G. R. Rhea, wear a piece of black ribbon 
through the second and third button-holes of their coats for three months." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 43 

October 14th. Eleven brethren present. No business transacted. 

November 1st. Ten brethren present. The committee on the petition 
of James M. Duncan were granted further time to report, " by reason of 
the death of Bro. Edgar, one of the committee." "The Lodge being 
informed that Bro. James Edgar, a member of this Lodge, departed this 
life on the morning of this day, passed the following resolve : 

" Resolved, That the members of this Lodge will meet at the lodge-room on 
the morrow at one o'clock, and proceed therefrom to the house of their deceased 
brother, James Edgar, long a member, and one of the founders of the Lodge, 
and attend the funeral, and pay him Masonic honors; and that the members of 
Louisiana Lodge No. 109, at Ste. Genevieve, be invited to attend at Kaskaskia at 
three o'clock on to-morrow evening, and that a special messenger be engaged 
by the Treasurer to carry the notice and information to the Louisiana Lodge in 
such way as the Worshipful Master may direct." 

Petition of Antoine Z. Chenet received and referred. It having been 
represented to the Lodge that the "Mill House, lately built for Gov. 
Edwards, on Mary's river, by Bro. Edward Hockersmith," had been 
carried away by an " unusual flood," whereby Bro. H. lost all his tools, 
the Treasurer was directed to loan Bro. H. whatever sum could be spared 
from the treasury. 

Sunday, November 2, 1817. Present: " M. Jones, W. M. ; S.Walker, 
S. W.; D. Anderson, J. W.; E. Paine, Treas., and Tyler p. t.; Wm. C. 
Greenup, visiting, Sec'y p. t. ; H. Menard, S. D. p. t. ; P. Fouke, J. D. ; 
John McFerron, W. McBride, Michael Buyatte. Visitors: John Dona- 
hue, Henry Kiel, Nathan Pusey, E. Roberts, Sebastian Butcher, of 
Louisiana Lodge No. 109. The Lodge was opened on the third degree. 
The brethren then proceeded to the house of their deceased brother, 
James Edgar, and thence to the place of interment, where the body was 
buried with Masonic honors. 

December 6th. Ten brethren present. " Wm. M. Alexander, of Hay- 
market Lodge No. 57, Virginia," visiting. Petitions of George Day and 
Edward Humphreys received and referred. The Lodge then proceeded 
to the election of officers for the ensuing twelve months, with the fol- 
lowing result: Samuel Walker was elected W. M. : Shadrach Bond, 
S. W. ; Hypolite Menard, J. W. ; Enoch Paine, Treasurer. 

December 8th. Ten brethren present. " Samuel Smith, of Essex 
Lodge, Massachusetts," visiting. Jesse W. Cooper initiated. 

December 27th. Seventeen brethren present. "Josiah Belts, M. M. 
No. 46, New York," visiting. The officers elect were installed, and 
the following appointed : E. Paine, Steward ; P. Fouke and Wm. Ben- 
nett, Deacons; John McFerron, Secretary. Petitions of Henry S. 
Dodge and Samuel Omelveny received and referred. The Lodge then 
proceeded to the house of Bro. Bennett and partook of dinner. 



44 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

January 3d, 1818. Fourteen brethren present. " Thomas Ramsay, of 
Cincinnati Lodge No. 13," visiting. Petition of Warren Brown, for 
affiliation, received, referred, and he elected. Petitions of Jacob F?a- 
man and John Bivins received and referred. James M. Duncan and 
Samuel Otnelveny initiated. 

January 6th. Seventeen brethren present. Jgmpa M,, Duncan and 
Samuel Omelveny passed, and, on January 8th, eleven brethren being 
present, the same brethren were raised. 

February 7th. Fourteen brethren present. Jacob Feaman and John 
Bivins initiated. Petitions of John W. Gillis, Samuel C. Christy, John 
Walls, and John M. Nelson, received and referred. Bro. Jones, "on his 
way to the Eastern States," was authorized to procure jewels for the 
Lodge, and was particularly exhorted, in the discharge of his duty, " to 
have regard to the funds of the Lodge." 

March 7th. Eighteen brethren present. "James II. Rolfe, of Ohio 
Lodge No. 101," and "John W. Comly, of Frankfort Lodge No. 102," 
visiting. Committees on petitions of Dodge, Day, Humphrey, and 
Chenet, were granted further time. Petitions of James Cheek and 
James B. Robinson were received and referred. John W. Gillis, Samuel 
C. Christy, John W. Nelson, and John Walls, "separately" initiated. 

March 14th. Fourteen brethren present. John Bivins, Samuel C. 
Christy, and John Walls passed. 

March 2lst. Fifteen brethren present. Jacob Feaman, John W. 
Gillis, and John W. Nelson passed. 

March 27th. Seventeen brethren present. "Thomas Fuhlin, Potosi 
Lodge No. 39, Missouri Territory, and Thomas G. Plummer, Philan- 
thropic Lodge No. 50, Maryland," visiting. John Walls and Samuel C. 
Christy raised. 

April 4th. Twenty-two brethren present. Charles McPherson passed. 

April 6th. Fourteen brethren present. In the rank of the brethren 
present, Bro. Edmund Roberts, a visitor, is stated to be a "Mark Mas- 
ter." Charles McPherson and Jacob Feaman raised. 

April llth. Nineteen brethren present. John W. Gillis and John W\ 
Nelson raised. 

April 18th. James S. Cheek passed, and Jlenry Dodge initiated. 

May 2d. Eighteen brethren present. A difficulty having arisen be- 
tween two brethren, they were ordered to appear before the Lodge and 
settle the matter. James S. Cheek raised. Jesse W. Cooper and Henry 
.Dodge_passed. 

"June 6th. Sixteen brethren present. Petition of Jephtha Sweet 
received and referred. Jesse W. Cooper raised. Breth. Bond, Brown, 
and Duncan were appointed a committe to " frame an oration to be de- 
livered on St. John's Day." 

June 9th. Number of brethren not stated. Henry Dodge raised. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 45 

June 24th. Thirty-eight brethren present. Jephtha Sweet initiated. 
Petition of Robert Lattey received and referred. The Lodge then pro- 
ceeded to the Court House, and listened to an oration by Bro._JamesM. 
_Duncan, and thence to the house of Bro. Fouke, and partook of dinner 
" and other refreshments." 

July 4th. Eight brethren present; but no business transacted, which, 
considering the day, was nothing to be surprised at. 

July 11 th. Seventeen brethren present. Jephtha Sweet passed. 

August 1st. Twelve brethren present. Jephtha Sweet raised. 

Two pages of the minutes are missing, and no meetings for September 
and October appear. 

November 7th. Eighteen brethren present. Petition of Thomas Rey- 
nolds, received at last meeting, was reported upon and the candidate in- 
itiated. Bro. Sam'l Smith affiliated. 

December 5th. Seventeen brethren present. Thomas Reynolds 
passed. Officers as follows were elected : Shadracb Bond, W. M.; P. 
Fouke, S. W.; Samuel C. Christy, J. W.; "Warren Brown, Treasurer. It was 
unanimously agreed to meet the brethren of the Lodge at St. Genevieve, 
on December 27, and assist them in celebrating the day. 

December 23d. Fourteen brethren present. Thomas Reynolds raised. 

December 24th. Thirteen brethren present. Robert Lattey passed.* 

December 27th. Sixteen brethren present. " David Blackwell, late of 
Lebanon Lodge No. 5, Kentucky," visiting. Officers elect installed, and 
the following appointed: Thomas Reynolds, Secretary; John W. Gill is 
and John W. Nelson, Deacons; Jephtha Sweet, Tyler ; Enoch Paine, 
Steward. 

January 2d, 1819. Eighteen brethren present. "John C.Rochester, 
of Ark Lodge, Geneva, New York ; Daniel D. Smith, Constellation Lodge, 
New York; Benj. A. Porter, Miami Lodge No. 46," visiting. Petition of 
Samuel Lybarger received and referred. Petitions of Edmund Roberts 
and Josiah T. Betts for affiliation, received, and they elected. A commit- 
tee was appointed to ascertain if Bro. Jones had procured a set of jewels 
for the Lodge. 

February 6th. Twenty-two brethren present. Petitions of Martin 
Jones. Samuel "VVbiteside. and Alexander Philips received and referred. 
Jesse Griggs initiatecT 

March 6th. Thirty brethren present. "James Gillis, "Washington 
Lodge No. 1, Delaware, John Simmons, Greenville Lodge No. 3, Tennes- 
see," visiting. Petition of Samuel Lybarger withdrawn. Bro. Michael 
Jones was allowed fifty dollars for a set of jewels and a carpet. Bro. 
Lattey raised. Seth Converse and Jesse Cooper demitted. 



*There is no record of this brother's initiation. 



46 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

March 8th. Thirteen brethren present. " Bro. P. W. Hight, Nova Sco- 
tia Lodge No. , Cincinnati, Ohio," visiting. Alexander Phillips, Sam- 
uel Whiteside, and Martin Jones, "separately" initiated. 

March ]2th. Twenty-four brethren present. "James J. Ryan, Erie 
Lodge No. 19, State of New York," visiting. Jesse Griggs, Alexander 
Phillips, Samuel Whiteside, and Martin Jones "separately" passed. 

March 15th. Twenty brethren present. Martin Jones and Alexander 
Phillips raised. 

March 10th. Twelve brethren present. Jesse Griggs and Samuel 
Whiteside raised. 

April 3d. Eleven brethren present. " Henry Woodworth, of Wayne 
Lodge No. 124, Erie, Pennsylvania," visiting. No business transacted 
beyond appointing a committee to revise the by-laws. 

May 1st. Fourteen brethren present. "Samuel Howe, of American 
Union Lodge No. 1, Marietta, Ohio," visiting. Certain charges preferred 
against Bro. John Bivins, were not entertained. No further business 
transacted. 

June 5th. Eight brethren present. William Bennett demitted. 

June 8th. Eleven brethren present. Committee appointed to make 
arrangements for the proper observance of St. John's Day; after which 
the Lodge closed. 

June 12th. Ten brethren present. Committee appointed at meeting 
of June 8th reported, when it was unanimously resolved to invite the 
Lodge at St. Genevieve. 

June 24th. Thirty-five brethren present, seventeen being visitors. 
The day was celebrated by partaking of dinner at the house of Bro. 
Paine. 

July 3d. Eleven brethren present. 

July 10th. Eighteen brethren present. 

August 17th. Six brethren present. 

September 14th. Eleven brethren present. 

No business transacted at these four meetings. 

October 2d. Fifteen brethren present. Bro. Michael Jones demitte<i. 
The Lodge passed resolutions of regret at losTng so old and active a 
member as Bro. Jones, and appointed a committee to prepare an address 
to Bro. Jones setting forth this feeling.* ^James_M. Duncan demitted. 



The following extracts from the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of 
Tennessee, furnished us by E. W. Bro. Frizzell, are here inserted in 
order that the chronology may be followed : 

"The Most Worshipful Grand Master reported that since the lost 
Grand Annual Communication he had issued a dispensation to sundry 



*Hro. Jones had removed to Gallatin county, and the visits he paid his Lodge 
must have cost him seventy-five or one hundred miles travel. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 47 

brethren residing at or near Edwardsville, Illinois, by name of Libanus 
Lodge No. 29. 

" Ordered that a charter issue to Libanus Lodge No. 29, upon receipt 
of their proceedings, provided, it shall appear to the satisfaction of the 
Most Worshipful Grand Master that their work has been in conformity 
with the principles of Masonry." [Proceedings Grand Lodge of Ten- 
nessee, A. D. 1819.] 

November 6th. Eight brethren present, but no business, beyond the 
excusing of sundry brethren for absence, was transacted. 

December 4th. Nineteen brethren present. "Charles Boon, Clark 
Lodge No. 54, Louisville ; Francis Browne, St. John's Lodge, Onondaga, 
New York, and Michael Jones," visiting,' Edmund Roberts was elected 
W. M.; Josiah T. Betts, S. W.; W. Brown, J. W.; Jacob Teaman, Treas- 
urer. Petition of Beal Greenup received and referred. 

December llth. The Lodge was called to consider a communication- 
from Lancaster Lodge No. 43, " but it was received at so late a period 
that no order was taken." Nine brethren present. 

December 27th. At 8 o'clock in the morning brethren Bond, Fouke/ 
and Walker, assembled, and Bro. Roberts, Master elect, was installed- 
in a Lodge of Past Masters, and that Lodge closed, and a Lodge of Mas-' 
ter Masons opened, and called off until 10 o'clock A. M., at which time" 
ten brethren were present, and the remainder of the elective officers ' 
installed. Bro. Cheek was appointed Secretary ; Bro. Sweet and Reynolds/ 
Deacons; Brethren Sweet and Gillis, Stewards; Bro. Fouke, Tyler. All for- 
mer committees not having reported, were discharged, and new ones ap*- 
pointed. A committee was appointed to settle with the Treasurers of 1817, 
1818, and 1819; and the Secretary ordered to make proper returns to" 
the Grand Lodge; in the performance of which duty, he was authorized 
to " employ one or more brethren to assist him." Lodge closed at 12 
o'clock M. 



CHAPTER VII. 



1820-21-22. 



January 1st, 1820. Ten brethren present. Beal Greenup initiated f 
John M. Robinson elected, and the committee on accounts of the several 
Treasurers of 1817, 1818, and 1819, made a partial report and were dis- 
charged. 

January 17th. Thirteen brethren present. John Bivins raised. 

January 28th. Thirteen brethren present. John M. Robinson ini- 
tiated, and Beal Greenup "advanced to the degree of Fellow Craft." 

February 2nd. Fourteen brethren present. Beal Greenup raised. 

February 5th. Twelve brethren present. "A. R. Griffin, Independent 
Royal Arch Lodge No. 2, New York ; William G. Cunningham, Forti- 
tude No. 82, Brooklin, Long island; John H. Burns, Mt. Holly No. 18,. 
New Jersey," visiting. John M. Robinson passed and raised. Bro. John 
Bivins desired to demit, " and referred his petition to the votes of the- 
members ; which being taken, was found to be unanimously in favor of 
his deruittance." 

February 19th. Fourteen brethren present. Robert Lattey demitted. 

March 5th. Fifteen brethren present. Petition of J. S. Davis received 
and referred. The Treasurer and Secretary were ordered to attend at 
an "adjourned meeting on Saturday night next, with their accounts 
properly digested." A motion was made to adjourn, "which being put to- 
vote, was unanimously sanctioned; whereupon the Lodge closed in pence 
and harmony, at 9 o'clock P. M." 

March llth. "Met pursuant to adjournment." Twelve brethren 
present. Ephraim Skinner, of Otsago No. 40, visiting. Bro. Warren 
Brown introduced the following amendment to the by-laws. "In lieu 
of the nightly dues, as heretofore required by the by-laws, each mem- 
ber living within ten miles, shall pay quarter-yearly, one dollar. Every 
member living at a greater distance than ten miles, shall pay half 
yearly, one dollar; Provided, That any member living within ten miles, 
being necessarily absent on a journey, or by reason of sickness, for the 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 49 

space of three months, shall, upon excuse being rendered to the Lodge, 
be charged only half price." Lodge closed. 

April 1st. Twelve brethren present. Michael Buyatte'demitted. All 
business postponed, and the Lodge adjourned to the 15th April. 

April loth. " Met pursuant to adjournment." Ten brethren present. 
The late Treasurer "ordered" to attend at the next meeting, and Bro. 
Brown's amendment laid over. 

May (>th. Fourteen brethren present. Committee on petition of J. S. 
Davis granted still further time. Committee appointed to settle with 
Bro. Paine, late Treasurer, and Bro. Brown's amendment again laid 
over. 

June 3d. Ten brethren present. No business beyond the allowance of 
sundry bills transacted. 

June 7th. Nine brethren present. Present: Josiah T. Betts, W. M., 
pro tern.; Shadrach Bond, S. W., -pro tern.; Samuel Walker, J. W., pro- 
tern.: Jacob Feaman, Treasurer ; James S. Cheek, Secretary ; Samuel C. 
Christy, S. D.,pro tern.; Beal Greenup, J. D., pro tern.; Philip Fouke, 
Tyler. Bro. Clement C. Conway visiting. A Lodge of Master Masons 
was duly opened, and the honors of Masonic burial accorded to the 
remains of Bro. George Fisher. 

June 24th. "Anniversary of St. John the Babtist." Twenty-seven 
brethren present. Lodge of Entered Apprentices opened. After the 
Lodge was opened, it was called from labor to enable the visiting breth- 
ren present an opportunity " of placing a piece of crape on their arms, 
in token of respect for and regret for Bro. George Fisher." Lodge called 
on, and proceeded to the house of Mr. Cowles, where Bro. Michael Jones 
delivered a "Masonic Oration," after which, " marshaled by Bro. E. 
Carter, they proceeded to the house of Bro. Fouke, and partook of the 
dinner and other refreshments provided, for the occasion." 

The following extract is inserted here for reasons already given : 

"The Grand Secretary reported that on the 28th of June, 1820, a dis- 
pensation was granted to Bros. David Blackwell and others to open a new 
Lodge in the town of ' BellevilleTluinois,' by the name of 'Temple 
Lodge No. 35.'"* [Proceedings Grand Lodge of Tennessee, A. D. 1820.] 

July 1st. Twelve brethren present. "Orlando Buckney, Worcester 
Lodge, Connecticut," visiting. Lodge opened and adjourned to the Sat-* 
urday following. 

July 8th. Seven brethren present. A committee was appointed to 
procure another lodge-room, and the Lodge closed. 

August 5th. Eight brethren present. "Charles Marini, St. John's 
Lodge No. 7, Ancona, Italy," visiting. Lodge opened, and adjourned to 
meet on Thursday following. "N. B. The Lodge did not meet pursuant 
to adjournment. Jas. S. Cheek, Sec." 

*This report was made to the Grand Lodge, October 2, 1820. 

4 



50 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

September 2d. Nine brethren present. Xo business transacted. 
We here insert other extracts from proceedings Grand Lodge of Ten- 
nessee : 

" The Grand Secretary reported that on the 5th of October last 

charters were issued to Lodges Xos. 24, 26, 27, 28, and 30, and on the 

fith day of the same month to Lodges Xos. 25 and 29, agreeably to the 

directions of the Grand Lodge at their last annual communication." 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary order, as soon as practicable, 

and Temple Lodge Xo. 35, working under 

dispensation, to return their dispensations, with their proceedings, 
to the E. W. Grand Secretary, to be laid before the M. W. Grand Master 
for his inspection, the former within thirty days, and the latter within 
six months,- and if it shall appear that they have proceeded regularly, 
charters shall be issued them respectively. If they fail to make returns 
agreeably to this resolution, it shall be the duty of the Grand Master to 
suspend their operations, and report them to the Grand Lodge at the 
next Grand Annual Communication." [Proceedings Grand Lodge of 
Tennessee, A, D. 1820. 

October 7th. Seven brethren present. Lodge opened, and adjourned 
until the Saturday following, neither the Master nor Wardens being 
present. 

October 9th. Eight brethren present. Xo business of importance 
transacted. 

Xovember 4th. Five brethren present. Breth. " Sheriden, Union 

Lodge No. 66, N. Y.; II. Harding, Viucennes Lodge No. 1, Indiana," 
-visiting. Petition of Eussell Larribee received and referred. v 

November 14th. Seven brethren present. Petitions of John Atkins 
for initiation, and Bro. E. Carter for affiliation, received and referred 
the latter reported on instanter, and he elected. The Lodge^was then 
closed on the first degree, and opened on the third, and the*"following 
was passed : " Moved and ordered, That there be a committee Appointed 
to inquire into the character of the Lodge in general, and make~a report 
at the next stated meeting. Breth. Beal Greeuup, Walker, and Carter 
were appointed a committee for the same." 

November 16th. Sixteen brethren present. " X. Hanson, Libanus 
Lodge Xo. 29, Edwardsville," visiting. "A letter from our brethren at 
Libanus Lodge Xo. 29, at Edwardsville, requesting that there should be 
measures taken with the several Lodges of this State to form a Grand 
Lodge. Motion made and carried that we coincide with the Libanus 
Lodge to confer with the several Lodges of this State, that there may be 
measures taken to establish a Grand Lodge. Resolved, That this Lo<ige 
concur with Libanus Lodge Xo. 27 in (the) propriety and expediency 
of establishing a Grand Lodge in this State, and that there be a com- 
mittee appointed on the part of this Lodge to confer with that and the 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 51 

-other Lodges on the subject, and in case of general concurrence in the 
establishment of such Grand Lodge, with power to fix upon a certain 
number of delegates from each of the several Lodges in this State, to 
meet in convention, as also upon the time and place of such meeting of 
such Lodges, and forming a constitution therefor. Committee: Bros. 
Dodge, Reynolds, and Bond,* to confer with the several Lodges of this 
State, to make necessary arrangements for said Grand Lodge." 

December 2d. Thirteen brethren present. Russell Larabee and John 
Atkins initiated. Petitions of Jacob Hyberger for initiation, and Wm. C. 
jGreenup for affiliation, received and referred. Philip Fouke elected 
W7M.: EfCarter, S. W.; J. W. Gillis, J. W.; Beal Greenup, Treasurer. 

December 9th. Eight brethren present. Petition of Clement C. Conway, 
for affiliation, received and referred, reported on instanter, and he elected. 
John Atkins passed. 

This is the last entry upon the book before us. That the Lodge was 
in existence as late as 1829, detached papers in the hands of the Historian 
will show, and which will appear in their proper place; and he is but 
partially convinced that the residue of the records of this old Lodge are 
irrevocably lost, but like the record of the organization of the first Grand 
Lodge, when some good brother at Kaskaskia moves from his " old house 
to a new one," the missing record will turn up. We trust it may. 

On the second day of June, A. D. 1821, a number of brethren residing 
at Alton, prepared and submitted, 1 for the recommendation of Libanus 
(or, as the certificate has it, Mount Libanus) Lodge, then working under 
the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee, the following petition: 

" To the Moat Hlrshipful Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the State of Mis- 
souri : 

" The petitioners hereof humbly shew that they are Ancient, Free, and Ac- 
cepted Master Masons. Having the prosperity of the Fraternity at heart, they 
are willing to exert their best endeavors to promote and diffuse the genuine 
principles of Freemasonry. 

" For the convenience of their respective dwellings, and for other good 
reasons, they are desirous of forming a new Lodge in the town of Alton, county 
of Madison, and State of Illinois, to be named ' Olive Branch Lodge No. .' In 
consequence of this desire, and the good of the Craft, they pray for a dispensa- 
tion empowering them to assemble as a legal Lodge, to discharge the duties of 
Freemasonry in the several degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft, and 
Master Mason in a regular and constitutional manner, according to the ancient 
forms of the Fraternity and the laws and regulations of your Grand Lodge. 

'That they have nominated and do recommend Erastus Brown to be the first 
Master; Hezekiah H. Gear to be the first Senior Warden ; and Henry H. Snow to 
be the first Junior Warden of said Lodge; that if the prayer of the petition 
should be granted, they promise a strict conformity to all the constitutional 
laws, rules, and regulations of the Grand Lodge; and that if the proceedings of 



: Henry S. Dodge, Thomas Reynolds, and Shadraeh Bond. 



52 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

their Lodge shall meet the approbation of the said Grand Lodge, at the next 
regular meeting of that Most Worshipful body, they, your petitioners, will apply 
for a charter or warrant. And as in duty bound will ever pray. 
"STATE OF ILLINOIS, MADISON COUNTY, ALTON, June 2, 1821." 

This petition bore the following signatures : " Erastus Brown, M. M., 
Chad. Brown, M. M. M., Henry II. Snow, M. M., Nelson Aldrich, M. M., 
Joel Finch, M. M. M., Daniel Manross, M. M., Hezekiah H. Gear." 

And the following certificate of recommendation by Mount Libanus 
Lodge No. 29 : 

' To the Most Worshipful the Grand Master of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of 
the State of Missouri Sheweth : 

"That this petition has fora long time been under consideration of Mount 
Libanus Lodge, opened and held in Edwardsville, Illinois ; that said Lodge have 
made all and every the necessary inquiries respecting the qualifications and 
respectability of the petitioners, as also the locality of the place petitioned for ; 
and, after calling a vote on the subject, it was carried in favor of the petition 
being granted unanimously. 

" Attest : NICHOLAS HANSON, Sec'y of s'd Lodge. 

" EDWARDSVILLE, 19th September, 1821." 

The name of JOHN WALLACE appears upon the petition, and was 
inserted as the brother whom the petitioners wished appointed Senior 
Warden. For some reason, not now apparent, his name was stricken 
out of the petition entirely, and the name of HEZEKIAH II. GEAR sub- 
stituted. This was done, evidently, after the petition had received the 
recommendation of Libanus Lodge, as the original paper before us, 
signed by brethren SNOW, BROWN, ALDRICH, MANROSS, CHAD. BROWN, and 
GEAR, "deputes and appoints" Bro. JOEL FINCH for and in their behalf, 
" to erase the name of JOHN WALLACE " [the word Bro. had been written 
and erased], " from a petition to the M. W. Grand Master of the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, for letters of dispensation, by us subscribed; also, as 
recommended for a Seignor Warden, and in the place of Bro. WALLACE, 
as recommended aforesaid, to insert the name of Bro. HEZEKIAH H. 
GEA.II." This was dated at Alton, October 22d, 1821. 

On the thirtieth day of October, the following dispensation was issued: 

"Six Lrx ET Lux FUIT. 

" BT THE MOST WORHIPFOL NATHANIEL B. TUCKER, GRAND MASTER. 
"To all and every our Right Worshipful and loving brethren greeting : 

" Know ye that the Most Worshipful Nathaniel B. Tucker, Grand Master, at the 
humble petition of our Right Worshipful and well beloved brothers Erastus 
Brown, Hezekiah H. Gear, Henry H. Snow, and several other brethren residing 
at and near the town of Allton, Madison county, State of Illinois, of the ancient 
and honorable Fraternity of York Masons, and for certain other reasons moving 
our Worshipful Grand Master, do hereby constitute the said brethren into a 
regular Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, to be opened in the town of Allton, 
by the name of Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. At their said request and of the 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 53 

great trust and confidence reposed in every of the said brethren, the Most Wor- 
shipful Grand Master doth hereby appoint Bro. Erastus Brown, Worshipful 
Master, Bro. Hezekiah H. Gear, Senior Warden, and Bro. Henry H. Snow, 

Junior Warden for opening the said Lodge and governing the same. 

It is required of our friend and brother the Worshipful Erastus Brown, to take 
special care that all and every of the said brethren of your Lodge, as well those 
hereafter to be admitted into our body by your Lodge, be regularly made Ma- 
sons; and that they do observe, perform, and keep all the rules and orders con- 
tained in our book of Constitutions, and the ancient landmarks be strictly 
attended to: and further, that you cause to be entered in a book kept for that 
purpose, an account of your proceedings; which, when done you are required 

to transmit herewith to the Grand Master (with a list of those initiated, 

passed, and raised, or otherwise managed) at our next Grand Semi-annual Com- 
munication. 

"Given at St. Louis under the hand and seal of the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master, this 30th day of October, A. L, 5821 A. D. 1821. 

" N. B. TUCKER, G. M. 
" WM. REXSHA.W, O. Secy." 

In the mean time the following action was had in the Grand Lodge of 
Tennessee : 

October 1, 1821." The Grand Secretary reported, * that * * 
and Temple Lodge No. 35, have surrendered their dispensations without 
working under them." Temple Lodge, it will be remembered, was 
iocated at Belleville, David Blackwell being first Master. On referring 
to the minutes of Western Star Lodge, at their meeting of December 27, 
1818, Bro. Blackwell is noted as a visitor, hailing from 'Solomon Lodgo 
No. 5, Kentucky. 

November 7th, 1821. Olive Branch Lodge having received its dis- 
pensation, the following brethren assembled : Erastus Brown, Hezekiah 
H. Gear, Henry H. Snow, Chad. Brown, Nelson Aldrich, Daniel Manross, 
Joseph T. Bennett, and James W. Whitney. Appointments were made 
as follows: Chad. Brown, Secretary ; Jos. T.Bennett, Treasurer : Nel- 
son Aldrich and Daniel Manross, Deacons; and the Lodge was then 
duly opened on the first degree, Erastus Brown presiding, brethren Gear 
and Snow being Wardens. The Lodge, after it was regularly opened, 
gave the appointments made as above stated the cold shoulder, and pro- 
ceeded to an election which resulted in electing Bro. Joe^ Finch, Treas- 
urer; Chad. Brown, Secretary. The nominations for Deacons were con- 
curred in. Brethren E. Brown, C. Brown, and Snow were appointed a 
committee to prepare by-laws. And after receiving the "application." 
of Bro. J. W. Whitney, a Fellow Craft, to be raised, adjourned to the 
following day. 

November 8th. "Lodge met pursuant to-adjournment. Present as be- 
fore." The committee on by-laws reported, and their report was adopted, 
amending it only by striking out six o'clock as the hour of meeting, and 
inserting "four of the clock." These by-laws were carefully drawn up, 



54 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

are short and right to the point. One or two things it would be well 
perhaps to note: The first election for officers, W. M., Wardens, Treas- 
urer, and Secretary, was to be held in the May following, " forever after 
that, semi-annually, in the months of September and March." The 
Master was to decide all questions of order which came before the Lodge, 
" subject to an appeal to the Lodge by any two members." The Master 
" might" call any brother to preside. In the absence of the Master and 
Wardens, the Lodge could not be opened, but if the Master was absent, 
the "presiding Warden" might take the East, or call upon the oldest 
Past Master present to relieve him. Visiting brethren were required to 
pay twenty-five cents after the first visitation "in any one year." The 
Tyler was entitled to fifty cents for each evenings' service, to be paid 
from the Treasury, and to collect for his own use, twenty-five cents from 
every candidate initiated, passed, and raised, and every brother affiliated. 
Entered Apprentices were to remain as such three months, and Fel- 
low Crafts two months, before advancement; provided, however, that if 
a brother became thoroughly acquainted with all the information belong- 
ing to his degree, he might, at the discretion of the Lodge, "be advanced 
in less time." All amendments were to be proposed and seconded by 
Master Masons. Brethren Snow and Gear were appointed a "standing 
committee on investigations." Bro. James W. Whitney was raised. 
Petitions of Benjamin Spencer, Charles Gear, and Augustus Langworthy 
received and referred to the standing committee. 

November 20th. Eight brethren present. "Southard Shaw" visiting. 
"Voted that Bro. Whitney be allowed to become a member of this 
Lodge upon signing the by-laws." Bro. Shaw petitioned for the degree 
of Fellow Craft, which was conferred upon him. Petition of J. 'B. Fay 
received and referred. 

December 13th. Eight brethren present. Samuel Ingraham and 
William Scott visiting. Petitions of Alexander Hart, Edward Bishop, 
and Benjamin Harwood received and referred. Benjamin Spencer,. 
Jonathan B. Fay, and Charles Gear initiated. 

On the 20th of December the following petition was drawn up and 
forwarded to Vincennes Lodge No. 1, Indiana, for their recommendation : 

" To the Bir/ht Worshipful Grand Master, Grand Wardens, and Brethren of the Grand 

Lodge of Indiana : 

" The petition of your brethren undersigned, respectfully represents that they 
are or have been members of regular Lodges; that having the prosperity of the 
Fraternity at heart, they are willing to exert their best endeavors to promote 
and diffuse the genuine principles of Masonry ; that for the convenience of their 
respective dwellings and for other good reasons, they are desirous of forming a 
new Lodge at Albion, in the county of Edwards and State of Illinois, to be named 
Albion Lodge. That in consquence of this desire they, pray for letters oPttis- 
pensation or a warrant of constitution, to empower them to assemble as a legal 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. r,.j 

Lodge to discharge the duties of Masonry in a regular and constitutional man- 
ner, according to the original forms of the Order, and regulations of the Grand 
Lodge. 

That they have nominated and do recommend James O. Wattles to be the first 
Muster, John B. Johnson to be the first Senior Warden, and Arnold B. Dake to be 
the first Junior Warden of said Lodge. That if the prayer of their petition 
should be granted, they promise a strict conformity to all the constitutional 
law-; and regulations of the Grand Lodge, and in duty bound will ever pray, Ac. 

"JAMES O. WATTLES, 
ASEL WILL-SON, 
J. B. JOHNSON, 
WM. A. CROWCE, 
A. B. DAKE, 
JOHN HIGGINS, 
DAVID DUJMDAS, 
JAMES CAMPBELL, 
"ALBION, 20th December, A. L. 5821. JAMES HUTCH ENS." 

January 17, 1822 Olive Branch Lodge. Ten brethren present. 
" Doctor Augustus Langworthy initiated, and Southard Shaw raised." 

January 10th. Eleven brethren present. Alexander Hart and Ben- 
jamin Harwood initiated. Benjamin Spencer and Charles Gear passed. 
Petitions of Levi Roberts, Ossian M. Ross, and Samuel Rhodes, received 
and referred. 

January 24th. Fourteen brethren present. Benjamin Spencer and 
Charles Gear raised. 

On February 7th, the following petition was presented to Libanus 
Lodge No. 29, for recommendation, which was granted : 

'' To Grand Lodge of Missouri : 

"Your petitioners, Master Mason?, being domiciled in Vandalia (the seat of 
Government), in the State of Illinois, respectfully shevveth, that they are free 
and accepted Master Masons ; that they have been members of regular Lodges ; 
that having the prosperity of the Fraternity at heart, they are willing to exert 
their best endeavours to promote and diffuse the genuine principles of Masonry.; 
that for the conveniency of their respective dwellings (there being no Lodge 
within fifty Miles), and for other good reasons, tKey are desirous of forming a 
new Lodge in the Town of VandaliJ, to be named ' Vandalia Lodge;' that, in 
consequence of this desire, they pray lor Letters of dispensation, or a warrant 
of constitution, to empower them to assemble as a legal Lodge, to discharge the 
duties of Masonry in a regular and constitutional manner, according to the 
original forms of the order and the regulations of the Grand Lodge. That they 
have nominated and recommend James M. Duncan to be the first Master ; John 
Warnook to be the first Senior Warden; and William L. D. Ewing to be the ftrst 
Junior Warden of the said Lodge; that if the prayer of the petition, should be 



56 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

granted, they promise a strict conformity to all the constitutional law* and 
regulations of the grand Lodge. 

^JAS._M^ DUNCAN. 



WM. LEE D. EW1NG, 
JOHN C. KELLOGG, 
MOSES K. BOTSFORD, 
JOSEPH ENOS, 
GREEN P. RICE, 
E. C. BERRY." 

" EDWARDSVILLE, February 7th, 1822, A. L. 5822. 

"At a Regular Meeting of Libanus Lodge No. 29, the foregoing Petition was 
presented. It was unanimously agreed to recommend the same to the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, and pray that a Dispensation or charter be granted. 

'JOHN Y. SAWYER, Master. 
"Jons TODD, Secretary." 

February 14th Olive Branch Lodge. Fifteen brethren present. 
Breth. John Y. Sawyer, W. M. Libanus Lodge, William Scott, and 

Phinney, visiting. Petition of Edward Bishop withdrawn. Levi 

Roberts initiated. 

February 21st. Sixteen brethren present. Breth. Fay and Lang- 
worthy passed. 

February 25th. Twelve brethren present. Benjamin Harwood passed. 

On the first of March the following recommendation was granted : 

"VINCENNES LODGE No. 1, March 1st, A. L. 5822, A. D. 1822. 

" This being a called Lodge by order of the W. Master, for the purpose of 
taking into consideration a petition from a number of brothers residing in and 
near Albion, in Edwards county, Illinois, and after having properly examined 
Brothers Jas. O. Wattles and A. B. Dake, who attended with said petition, and 
finding them well skilled, and they having vouched lor the remainder of the 
signers; 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That this Lodge do recommend the brothers named in the within 
petition to the Most Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Indiana, agreeably to the 
prayer of the petition. 

"I, Elihu Stout, Secretary of Vincennes Lodge No. 1, do hereby certify the 
above to be a true copy of the proceedings of said Lodge on said petition. 

" In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of 
Vincennes Lodge No. 1, this 2d day of March, A. L. 5822, A. D. 1822. 

(Seal.) "E. STOUT, Sec'y P. L." 

This petition was indorsed: "Albion Lodge, 12th March, 1822. Re- 
ceived 5.00 La wrenceburgh paper," and was accompanied by the follow- 
ing letter : 

" VINCENNES, 5th March, 1822. 

" DEAR SIR: At the request of Judge Wattles, I forward you the petition of a 
number of the brethren residing in Albion, Illinois, and recommended by the Vin- 
oennes Lodge No. 1. They are desirous of having a letter of dispensation for- 
warded to me immediately, unless some business might induce you to visit this 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 57 

section of country. The officers mentioned in the petition are very expert 
workmen, and their prospects of success quite flattering. I was not properly 
ware of the amount of funds necessary to accompany the petition, but believing 
it to be five dollars, they left that sum in my hands, which I now inclose to you. 
Please forward the dispensation without delay, as they have a room prepared, 
and are very anxious to be installed as soon as possible. 
" With respect, yours fraternally, 

"JAMES T. MOFFATT. 

' P. 8. Be so good as to advise me of any arrangements which are or may be 
made for the organization of a Grand Chapter in this State. 

"John Sheets, Esq., Madison, Indiana." 

March 7th Olive Branch Lodge. Thirteen brethren present. Ossian 
M. Ross initiated. 

March 14th. Fifteen brethren present. Jonathan B. Fay raised. 
Petitions of Charles W. Hunter and Samuel Slater received and referred. 

March 15th. Sixteen brethren present. Bro. Hibbard visiting. 

A flV Breth. Langworthy and Harwood raised. 

Si. * March 27th. Thirteen brethren present. The Finance Committee 

t reported the receipts of the Lodge to be $155.83; due the Lodge, $11.17; 

paid out for dispensation, furniture, Ac., $119.83 ; balance in treasury, 
$36.00. 

On the 4th of April, 1822, the following petition was presented to 
Libanus Lodge No. 29 for their recommendation, and the recommenda- 
tion granted : 

" To the Worshipful Grand Master, Deputy Grand Master, Grand Wardens, and breth- 
ren of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Missouri : 
" Your petitioners respectfully beg leave to represent that they are Free and 
Accepted Master Masons, that they have been members of regular Lodges, and 
having the prosperity of the Fraternity at heart, are willing to exert their best 
endeavors to promote and diffuse the genuine principles of Masonry. That for 
the conveniency of their respective dwellings, and for other good reasons, are 
desirous of forming a new Lodge in the town of Springfield, county of Sangamon , 
and State of Illinois, to be called Sangamon Lodge No. ; and that in conse- 
quence of this desire, they pray for letters of dispensation from your honorable 
body (there being no Grand Lodge in said State of Illinois) to empower them to 
assemble as a legal Lodge, to discharge the duties of Masonry in a regular 
and constitutional manner, according to the original forms of the Order, and the 
regulations of your Grand Lodge. That they have nominated and do recommend 
Stephen Stillman to be the first Master, Gershom Jayne to be the first Senior 
Warden, and John Moore to be the first Junior Warden of the said Lodge. That 
if the prayer of your petitioners should be granted, they promise a strict con- 
formity to all the constitutional laws and regulations of the Grand Lodge. 

"JAS. LATHAM, 
STEPHEN PHELPS, 
STEPHEN STILLMAN, 
GERSHOM JAYNE, 
THOS. CONSTANT, 
CHARLES WRIGHT, 
ollAMEL CLARK, 
JOHN MORE." 



58 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"LIBANUS LODGE No. 29, April 4th, 1822, A. L. 5822. 

"The within petition from sundry brother Masons of Sangamon County, pray- 
ing to be recommended by this Lodge to the Grand Lodge of Missouri for letters 
of dispensation, was presented and read, and each petitioner being properly 
vouched for, it is ordered that this Lodge do recommend said petitioners as 
prayed for. 

" JOHN TODD, Secretary. JOHN Y. SAWYER, Master. 

"A true copy from the record. JOHN TODD, Secretary." 

And on the fifth of April the following dispensation was issued : 

"SIT LUX ET LUX FU1T. 

" BY THE MOST WORSHIPFUL NATHANIEL B. TUCKER, GRAND MASTER. 
" To all and every, our Right Worshipful and Loving Brethren Greeting: 

"Know ye, that the most Worshipful Nathaniel B. Tucker, Graiid Master, at 
the humble petition of our Right Worshipful and well beloved brethren, Stephen 
Stillman, Gershom Jayne, John Moore, and several others residing at and near 
the town of Springfield, county of Sangamo, State of Illinois, of the Ancient and 
Honorable Fraternity of York Masons, and for certain other reasons moving our 
Worshipful Grand Master do hereby constitute the said brothers into a regular 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, to be opened in the town of Springfield, by 
the name of Sangamo Lodge No. 9. At their said request, and of the great trust 
and confidence reposed in every of the said brethren, the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master doth hereby appoint Bro. Stephen Stillman, Master, Bro. Gershom Jayne, 
Senior Warden, and Bro. John Moore, Junior Warden, for opening the said Lodge 
and governing the same. It is required of our friend and brother, the Worship- 
ful Stephen Stillman, to take special care that all and every of the said brethren 
of your Lodge, as well those hereafter to be admitted into our body by your 
Lodge, be regularly made Masons, and that they do observe, perform, and keep 
all the rules and orders contained in our Book of Constitutions, and the ancient 
landmarks be attended to: and further, that you cause to be entered in a book 
kept for that purpose, an account of your proceedings, which, when done, you 
are required to transmit herewith to the Grand Master (with a list of those in- 
itiated, passed, and raised, or otherwise managed) at our next Grand Annual 
Communication. 

"Given at St. Louis, under the hand and seal of the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master, this 5th day of April, A. L. 5822, A. D. 1822. 

"TH. DOUGLASS, = : 

"D. G. M., and O. M. pro. tern. ; 8F ;^ L j 

"Attest: WM. RENSHAW, G. Sec'y." 

April 13th Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Seventeen brethren present, 
" together with the W. M., Wardens, and brethren of Libanus Lodge No. 
29." " Lodge opened on the first degree, when a message was sent to 
the members of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Missouri, assembled 
in an adjoining room, who appeared and took their seats. Worshipful 
George H. C. Melody produced a letter from the Most Worshipful Grand 
Lodge of Missouri authorizing him to consecrate this Lodge and install 
the officers." The Lodge was then regularly constituted, and the officers 
installed, as will be seen bv the annexed certificate : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 59 

"ALTON, 15th April, 1822. 

" Bro. G. H. C. Melody produced his authority from the Grand Lodge of Mis- 
souri, to consecrate and install the officers of Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. The 
Lodge was opened on the first degree of Masonry. Present: M. W. G. H. C. 
Melody, G. M., pro tern.; R. W. Lewis C. Beck, D. G. M., pro tern.; W. John Y. 
Sawyer, G. S. W., pro tern.; W. James Watts, G. J. W., pro tern.; W. R. T. McKen- 
ney, G. S., pro tern.; W. D. T. Evans, G. T., pro tern. The Grand Secretary read the 
charter from the Grand Lodge of Missouri. A Past Master's Lodge was then 
opened, and the degree of Past Master was conferred on Bro. Erastus Brown. 
The Past Master's Lodge was closed in due form. The Lodge was consecrated, 
and the following officers were installed by the M. W. G. Master. Erastus 
Brown, W. Master; Hezekiah Gear, S. Warden; Henry H. Snow, J. Warden; Joel 
Finch, Treasurer ; Benjamim Spencer, Secretary; Nelson Aldrich, S. Deacon ; 
Daniel Manross, J. Deacon ; Augustus Langworthy and Benjamin Harwood, Stew- 
ards; C. Gear, Marshal; Southard Shaw, Tyler. The Lodge was closed in due 
and ample form. 

"G. H. C. MELODY, W. M. 
" R. T. McKENXEY, G. Secretary." 

The brethren then proceeded to the " schoolhouse, where an oration 
was delivered by Bro. Lewis C. Beck, of St. Louis.'* On returning to 
the ball, brethren Brown, Snow, and Langworthy were appointed a 
committee to procure the publication of Bro. Beck's oration. Bro. 
Melody was voted fifteen dollars. i 

April 17th. Eleven brethren present. The committee intrusted with 
that business reported that Bro. Beck declined furnishing a copy of his 
oration. 

April 22nd. Fifteen brethren present. Samuel W. Rhodes an$ 
Samuel Slater initiated. Petition of Jonathan Haskill received and 
referred. A dispensation having been received on the 26th of April, 
1822, the following brethren met at Vandalia, viz: James M. Duncan, 
John Warnock, W. L. D. Ewing, Joseph Enos, John C. Kellogg, Moses 
K. Botsford, and E. C. Berry. Of these we recognize but two, fames' M. 
Duncan, of Western Star Lodge, and E. C. Berry, who visited that Lodge 
June 24, 1818, and July 10, 1819. The dispensation was presented 
by Bro. Melody, when it was ascertained that the name of one of 
the petitioners (Green P. Rice) had been stricken off. After consul^ 
tation, the dispensation was accepted, and " twenty-three dollars in spe- 
cie paid Bro. Melody, for the same." The brethren then separated, to 
meet again on the morrow at 11 o'clock. 

April 27th. Same brethren as before, with the addition of brethren 
L. C. Beck and Wjlliam Hughes, of Missouri Lodge No. 1. Petitions of 
John S. Duncan, and W. II. Brown received, referred, and reported on 
unstanter, and both initiated, and John S. Duncan passed. 

April 29th. Eight brethren present. George H. C. Melody, Grand 
Visitor, presiding. Petitions of Russell Botsford, Frederick Hollman, 



ttO HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

and Robert Baird received and referred. William II. Brown passed and 
raised. Russell Botsford initiated. 

April 30th. Same brethren present with the addition of Bro. Brown. 
Petition of Waters Baugh received and referred. Robert Baird, Fredrick 
Hollman, and Waters Baugh initiated. Russell Botsford passed. Peti- 
tion of Nathaniel Sanburn received and referred. 

May 1st. Ten brethren present. Nathaniel Sanburn initiated. Rus- 
sell Botsford raised. Committee on by-laws reported, and report adopt- 
ed. These by-laws are much the same as at the present day, although 
one or two passages might cause amusement now : 

Section 16 authorized a Master to fine a brother for misconduct, in or 
out of the Lodge. 

Section 12 provided that at the initiation of a candidate, he should be 
presented with a plain white apron and a copy of the by-laws, a cus- 
tom which Lodges at the present day would do well to imitate. 

Section 18 provided that every brother should be examined before ad- 
vancement, which section we opine was suspended on divers occasions. 

Section 22: "Be it further ordained, that no member of this Lodge 
below the degree of Master Mason shall be permitted to vote on any ques- 
tion which may come before the Lodge." This is the- first Lodge in the 
West, that we are aware of, to take this step. Frederiak Hollman, Rob- 
ert Baird, Waters Baugh, and Nathaniel Sanburn passed. Hollman and 
Baugh were passed together, Sanburn and Baugh in tie same way. 

May 2d. " Lodge met pursuant to adjournment." Petitions of Rowland 
R. Holmes and James Hull received and referred. A resolution of 
thanks to Breth. Melody, Beck, and Hughes, for their assistance, was 
passed. 

May 5th. Seven brethren present. Breth. Hdmes and Hull ini- 
tiated. Robert Baird raised. Bill for expenses of Breth. Melody, Hughes, 
and Beck, amounting to $76.40, allowed, and ordered paid. .E. C. Berry 
was appointed Secretary; M. K. Botsford and JolmC. Kellogg, Deacons; 
Jos. Enos, Tyler; W_m. H. Brown, elected Treasurer., 

May 6th Olive Branch Lodge NoT b. Twelve brethren present. S. 
P. Hibbard, visiting. No business transacted. 

May 8th Vandalia Lodge No. 8. Seven brethren present. Rowland 
R. Holmes, and James Hull passed. 

May 9th Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Thirteen brethren present. On 
motion of Bro. Whitney, the Lodge went into election <c by general 
ticket." On the first ballot, for Master, Bro. Eirastus Brown received 4 
votes; H. H. Snow, 3 ; Nelson Aldrich, 1. For Senior Warden, H. II. 
Gear had 2 votes; H. H. Snow, 2; Nelson Aldrich, 2; Benj. Spencer, 2; 
and Charles Gear, 1. For Junior Warden, Nelson Aldrich had 5 votes; 
II. II. Snow, 2; Charles Gear, 1 ; B. Spencer, 1. For Treasurer, II. II. 
Gear had 5 votes; Joel Finch, 4. For Secretary, Benj. Spencer had 



HISTORY OP MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. Gl 

5 vfces ; A. Langworthy, 3; and J. W. Whitney, 1. The result was 
that Nelson Aldrich was declared elected Junior Warden; II. H. 
Gear, Treasurer; and Benjamin Spencer, Secretary; leaving the Master 
an-fi Senior Warden to be elected. On the next ballot Bro. Snow re- 
ceived 6 votes, and was delared elected W. M.; no S. W. elected. Where- 
upon it was again tried, and still no election. Whereupon Bro. Aldrich 
WOT elected. As he had just been elected Junior Warden, the first elec- 
tion was declared void, and Bro. Aldrich declared elected Senior Warden. 
Upon motion, both elections (S. and J. Wardens) were declared void, 
and the Lodge proceeded to do what had ought to have been done be- 
fore vote for these offices separately. The result was that Bro. Aldrich 
was elected S. W.; and Charles Gear, J. W. Breth. Langworthy and 
Shaw were appointed Deacons; Hart and Harwood, Stewards. Petition 
f S. P. Hibbard, for affiliation, received and referred. Petition of C. W. 
Hunter withdrawn. Officers elect installed. 

May 10th. Twelve brethren present. Jonathan Haskill initiated. 

On the 29th May, 1822, the following petition was presented to Unity 
Lodge No. 6, Jackson, Missouri, for recommendation, which recommen- 
dation was granted : 
" To the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

"We the undersigned Free and Accepted Master Masons, being at present and 
having been members of regular Lodges, and having the prosperity of the Frater- 
nity at heart, are willing to exert our best endeavors to promote and diffuse the 
genuine principles of Masonry. And for the conveniency of our respective dwell- 
ings and for other good reasons, we are desirous of forming a new Lodge in the 
town of Jonesborough, Union county and State of Illinois, to be named "Union 
Lodge," and in consequence of this desire we pray for letters of dispensation or 
a warrant of constitution to empower us to assemble as a legal Lodge, to dis- 
charge the duties of Masonry in a regular and constitutional manner, according 
to the original forms of the Order and the regulations of the Grand Lodge. And 
we have nominated, and do recommend Richard J. Hamilton to be the first 
Master, James Finney to be the first Senior Warden, and William M. Alexander 
to be the first Junior Warden of the said Lodge. And if the prayer of the peti- 
tion should be granted, we promise a strict conformity to all the constitutional 
laws and regulations of the Grand Lodge. 

"RICHARD J. HAMILTON, JAMES FINNEY, 

JAMES S. SMITH, BEN W. BROOKS, 

AVM. M. ALEXANDER, ABNEB FIELD, 

GEORGE WOLF, JEPTHA SWEET." 

"At a special meeting of Unity Lodge No. G, held in the town of Jackson, State 
of Missouri, on Wednesday evening the 29th of May, A. L. 5822 . On applica- 
tion of sundry Masons of Jonesborough, Union county, State of Illinois, to be 
admitted to form a Lodge in the above town. Ordered that the brothers named 
in the said petition be recommended to the Grand Lodgo of Missouri, for dis- 
pensation. 

" C. BUCKNER, W. M. 
EDWARD S. GANTT, S. W. 
J. FRIZEL, J. If." 



62 II ISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" I certify the above to be a true copy from the records of Unity Lodge No. G, 
State of Missouri. Given under my hand and private seal, there being no Lodge 
seal yet provided. 

" H. NEALE, Secretary." 

In James Finney, Win. M. Alexander, and Jeptha Sweet we recognize 
familiar names. They were all three made in Western Star Lodge, at 
Kaskaskia. 

June 1st Vnndalia Lodge No. 8. Seventeen brethren present. Joseph 
May, of Hiram Lodge, Bridgeport, Connecticut, visiting. John S. Dun^ 
n.in_ra.ised. - Petition of Cyrus Birge and Horatio Newhall, of Greenville, 
received and referred. 

June 4th. Ten brethren present. Waters Baugb, Frederick Hollman, 
Nathaniel Sanburu raised. Breth. Russell Botsford and Hollman 
appointed Stewards. The Lodge resolved to celebrate St. John's Day. 

June 4th. The following dispensation was issued. The date (May 4) 
is an evident mistake, as the petition was not recommended until the 
29th of May, and was not forwarded until the 30th of the same month , 
as will be seen by the accompanying letter : 

"SIT LUX ET LUX FUIT. 

" BT THE MOST WORSHIPFUL NATHANIEL BEVERLY TUCKER, GRAND MASTER. 
" To nil and every our Right Worshipful and loving Brethren Greeting: 

"Know ye, that the Most Worshipful Nathaniel Beverly Tucker, Grand Mas- 
ter, at the humble petition of our Right Worshipful and well beloved Brothers 
R. J. Hamilton, James Finney, William M- Alexander and several other brethren 
residing at and near Jonesborough, Union county, State of Illinois, of the an- 
cient, and honorable Fraternity of York Masons, and for other reasons moving 
our Worshipful Grand Master, do hereby constitute the said brethren into a 
regular Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, to be opened in the town'bf Jones- 
borough, county and State aforesaid, by the name of 'Union Lodge No. 10.' At 
their said request and of the great trust and confidence reposed in every of the 
said brethren, .the Most Worshipful Grand Master doth hereby appoint Bro. 
Richard J. Hamilton, Worshipful Master, Bro. James Finney, Senior Warden, 
and Bro. William M. Alexander, Junior Warden for opening the said Lodge and 
governing the same. It is required of our friend and brother the Worshipful 
Richard J. Hamilton, to take special care that all and every of the said brethren 
of your Lodge, as well those hereafter to be admitted into our body by your 
Lodge, be regularly made Masons, and that they do observe, perform, and keep 
all the rules and orders contained in our book of Constitutions and the ancient 
landmarks be strictly attended to: and further, that you cause to be entered 
in a book kept for that purpose, an account of your proceedings, which when 
done you are required to transmit herewith to the Grand Master (with a list of 
those initiated, passed, and raised, or otherwise managed), at our next Annual 
Communication. 

" Given at Saint Louis under the hand and seal of the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master this fourth day of May, A. L. 5822, A. I), isi'2. 

"N. B. TUCKER, G. M. -V. 
"Attest. WM. RKXSHAW, G. Secretary." 1 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 63 

"Jo.NESBORouGH, ILL., 30th May, 1822. 
.1/W Worshipful Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

"DEAR SIR: We have forwarded to you a petition and recommendation for 
a dispensation or warrant of Constitution, and should you be pleased to grant 
it, be so good as to inform us of the amount at Jonesborough, Illinois, for the 
fee, and it shall be forwarded immediately and much oblige. 

"Yours, very Respectfully, 

"ABNER FIELD, 
BEN W. BROOKS." 

June Sth Vandalia Lodge No. 8. Fifteen brethren present. J. Pew, 
Montgomery Lodge No. 23, Ky., and Benjamin Mills, Astrea Lodge No. 
85, Virginia, visiting. Rowland R. Holmes raised. 

June J3th Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Eleven brethren present. 
Bro. Langworthy reported that he had prevailed on Bro. Beck to present 
the Lodge with a copy of his address before the Lodge at its consecration, 
and that Mr. Orr, printer, at St. Louis, offered to print fifty copies for 
$25.00, to be paid in Illinois State paper. Bro. Langworthy was author- 
ized to have the printing done. On motion of Bro. Spencer, the petition 
of Major C. W. Hunter was again taken up, and on motion of Bro. E. 
Brown, the Lodge was called from labor to refreshment for "one half 
hour," at the expiration of which time the Lodge was called on, and Mr. 
Hunter's petition laid on the table. 

June 15th Vandalia Lodge No. 8. Twelve brethren present. Robert 
Montgomery, Franklin Lodge No. 14, Ohio, visiting. An amendment to 
the by-laws was proposed, and laid over, to the effect that when a candi- 
date received either of the degrees at a special communication, he should 
pay five dollars in addition to the regular fees. The Lodge then closed. 

June 20th Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Nine brethren present. Bro. 
Samuel Slater passed. S. P. Hibbard affiliated. 

June 21st. Eight brethren present. Petition of C. W. Hunter taken 
from table, he elected and initiated. 

June 22d. The dispensation having been received, Union Lodge No. 
10 was organized on the twenty-second day of June, 1822. The following 
brethren were present at the first meeting : Richard J. Hamilton, W. M.; 
Abner Field, B. W. Brooks, James S. Smith. Breth. Finney, S. "W., and 
Win. M. Alexander, J. W., were not present. Breth. Field and Smith 
were appointed to serve in their places. Lodge opened on the third 
degree, which was closed, and a Lodge of F. C. opened, whereupon Bro. 
Humphrey B. Jones, a Fellow Craft of Hopkiusville Lodge No. 37, Ky., 
was admitted as a visitor. A committee, consisting of Breth. Field and 
Brooks, was appointed to prepare by-laws. 

June 23d. Six brethren present. Breth. Jacob Hunsaker, of Union 
Lodge No. , Pennsylvania, and H. B. Jones were admitted as members 



64 HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

upon a motion made to that effect. B. W. Brooks was appointed Sec- 
retary, and Abner Field, Treasurer. H. B. Jones was raised. 

June 24th Vandalia Lodge No. 8. Eighteen brethren present. 
Martin Jones and Seth Converse, of Western Star Lodge, visiting. 
CHIP'S M- T )ni^" delivered an oration, and the Lodge partook of a 
dinner provided by Bro. Hollman. 

June 24th Union Lodge No. 10. Seven brethren present. Rev. and 
Bro. G. "W. Wolf was appointed Chaplain, and delivered a sermon at 
twelve o'clock. The Lodge then proceeded to the house of " M. Collins, 
Esq.," " and partook of a sumptuous repast." 

June 25th. Same brethren present as on the day previous. Petitions- 
of Winstead Davy, Samuel Hunsaker, Sr., Richard M. Young, George 
Hunsaker, John C. Collins, Charles Dunn, and James F. Bond received 
and referred. A committee was appointed, and directed to procure the 
following articles : " Five Lodge tables, three gavels, two pillars, three 
benches, and a ballot box." 

June 26th Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Six brethren present. Geo. H. 
C. Melody, Grand Visitor, presiding. An examination of the affairs of 
the Lodge and the records was had. 

June 26th. The following petition was prepared and forwarded to 
Missouri Lodge No. 1, for its recommendation, which recommendation, 
as appears from an indorsement on the petition by the Grand Secretary, 
was granted : 

" To the Most Worshipful the Grand Master and Brethren of the Most Worshipful 

the Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

"Your petitioners, inhabitants of the town of Covington and its vicinity, all 
have been regularly entered, passed, and raised to the degree of Master Mason 
in regular constituted Lodges, and at present reside at so great a distance froin 
any Lodge, that they are cut off from most of the advantages of this ancient 
Order, and being desirous of diffusing the genuine principles of the Order, and 
rendering themselves useful to the Craft, do pray a warrant of dispensation or 
charter constituting them a new Lodge at the town of Covington, in the State of 
Illinois, by the name of" Eden Lodge," authorizing them to assemble and work 
as Ancient York Masons, and they do nominate John Smith for their first Master, 
Charles Mullikin for their first Senior Warden, and Thomas G. Gazley for their 
first Junior Warden of said new Lodge, and your petitioners, as in duty bound, 
will ever pray, &c. 

"JOHN SMITH, 
CHARLES MULLIKIN, 
THOS. G. GAZLEY, 
JOS. PHILIPS, 
DANIEL S. SWEARINGEX, 
ISAAC HUGHSON, JR., 
ADDISON PHILLEO, 
JAMES TURNEY, 
PHILO BEERS. 
" COVINGTOX, June 2Gth, 1822." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 65 

Two of the brethren on this petition are old acquaintances Jos. 
Phillips and Daniel S. Swearingen, both formerly of Western Star Lodge. 

June 23th Olive Branch Lodge Xo. 5. Eight brethren present. Xo 
business transacted. 

June 30th. The following dispensation was granted : 

"SIT LUX ET LUX FUIT. 

"BY THE MOST WORSHIPFUL NATHANIEL B. TCCKER, GRAND MASTER. 
" To nil and every our Right Worshipful and Loving Brethren Greeting : 

"Know ye, that the Most Worshipful Nathaniel B. Tucker, Grand Master, at the 
humble petition of our right worshipful and well beloved brothers, John Smith, 
Charles Mullikin, Thomas G. Gazley, and several other brethren residing at and 
near the town of Covington, State of Illinois, of the Ancientand Honorable Frater- 
nity of York Masons, and for certain other reasons moving, our Worshipful Grand 
Master do hereby constitute the said brethren into a regular Lodge of Free and 
Accepted Masons, to be opened in the town of Covington, by the name of Eden 
Lodge No. 11. At their said request, and of the great trust and confidence re- 
posed in every of the said brethren, the Most Worshipful Grand Master doth 
hereby appoint Bro. John Smith, Worshipful Master; Bro. Charles Mullikin, 
Senior Warden ; and Bro. Thomas G. Gazley, Junior Warden, for opening the 
said Lodge and governing the same. It is required of our friend and brother, 
the Worshipful John Smith, to take special care that all and every of the said 
brethren of your Lodge, as well those hereafter to be admitted into our body 
by your Lodge, be regularly made Masons, and that they do observe, perform, 
and keep all the rules and orders contained in our Book of Constitutions, and 
the ancient landmarks be strictly attended to : and further, that you cause to be 
entered in a book kept for that purpose, an account of your proceedings, which, 
when done, you are required to transmit to the Grand Master herewith (with a 
list of those initiated, passed and raised, or otherwise managed), at our next 
Grand Annual Communication. 

'Given at .St. Louis, under the hand and seal of the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master, this thirtieth day of June, A. L. 5822, A. D. 1822. 

"TH. DOUGLASS, D. G. M., """ : 
in the absence of the M. W. G. M. :.".:. 

"Attest: WM. REXSHAW, G. Sec'y." 

July Cth Vandalia Lodge Xo. 8. Seven brethren present. John- 
York Sawyer, W. M. of Libanus Lodge Xo. 29, visiting. Xo business 
transacted. 

July llth Olive Branch Lodge Xo. 5. Eleven brethren present. 
Petitions of " Capt. George Hewitt, Mr. Henry P. Rundel, Edward 
Bishop, and George W. Britton, Esq.," received and referred. Breth. 
Jonathan Haskill and C. W. Hunter passed, and Samuel Slater raised. 

July 13th. "By virtue of a dispensation granted by the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri, constituting a Lodge to be held in Covington, to be called the 
Eden Lodge Xo. 11. said Lodge met in the town of Covington, on Satur- 
day evening, the same being the 13th day of July, A. L. 5822, A. D. 
1822. Present: John Smith. M. W. Master: Charles Mullikin, Senior 
5 



66 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

Warden : Philo Beers, Junior Warden, pro tern. ; James Turney, Secre- 
tary, pro tern. ; Brother James Burnside, visitor, Senior Deacon and 
Treasurer, pro tern.; Daniel S. Swearingen, Junior Deacon, pro tern,: 
Isaac Hughson, Tyler, pro tern." Petition of James C. Adams received 
and referred. Breth. Mullikin, Beers, and Turney were apointed a 
committee to prepare by-laws. 

July 15th Union Lodge No. 10. Ten brethren present. Geo. H. C. 
Melody and W. B. Morris, Union Lodge No. 2, Indiana, visiting. Rich- 
ard M. Young initiated. 

July 16th Same brethren present. William Hickum and John C. 
Collier initiated. Richard M. Young passed and raised. 

July 17th Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Eleven brethren present. 
Levi Roberts passed. 

July 17th Union Lodge No. 10. Ten brethren present. Jacob Hy- 
berger rejected. William Hickum passed. George Hunsaker initiated. 

July 18th. Ten brethren present. By-Laws adopted. John C. Collier 
and George Hunsaker passed and raised. Vote of thanks tendered Bro. 
Melody. 

July 27th Eden Lodge No. 11. Eleven brethren present. " Visiting 
brethren, Wilton and Dow." By-laws adopted. Petitions of Joel 
Potter, Henry Neeley, John Adams, Benjamin Smith, and Benjamin 
Leving, received and referred. 

July 28th. Nine brethren present. Petition of James Temple re- 
ceived and referred. 

August 3d Vandalia, No. 8. Six brethren only being present, the 
JLodge was not opened. 

August 8th Oiive Branch, No. 5. Ten brethren present. Petitions 
of E. J. West, Thomas Cummings, and George Hackett received and 
referred. George Hewitt, P. Rundel, Edward Bishop, and George W. 
Britton initiated " separately and in the order named." 

August 10th Vandalia, No. 8. Eleven brethren present. Thojjias 
Moore rejected. 

August 10th Union, No. 10. Ten brethren present. Charles Dunn 
initiated. 

August llth. Ten brethren present. Petition of Michael Harm an 
for initiation, and Joseph Duncan for affiliation, received and referred. 

August 19th Olive Branch, No. 5. Eight brethren present. Samuel 
Rhodes passed. The Lodge refused to concur in the amendment to the 
Grand Lodge By-Laws, creating a Grand Lecturer, and fixing his fees, 
and did concur in the amendment relieving visiting brethren from con- 
tributions at each visitation. In regard to collecting subscriptions for 
the Temple, this Lodge responded as follows : 



HISTORY OP MASONRY IX ILLINOIS 07 

" To the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Missouri : 

"The undersigned, who, by a resolution of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge 
adopted at the last Grand semi-annual communication, were constituted a 'com- 
mittee to procure subscriptions and donations for the purpose of erecting a 
Masonic Hall in the Town of St. Louis,' beg leave to report: 

"That they have attended to the duty assigned them, as far as practicable, but 
have not been able to obtain anything for the contemplated object. 

" Which is respectfully submitted. 

"HENRY H. SNOW, Master, 
NELSON ALDRICH, S. Warden, 

"ALTON, August l!Hh, 1822. "Olive Branch Lodge No. 5." 

August 20th. Eleven brethren present. Emanuel J. "West initiated. 

August 22d. Ten brethren present. Nothing beyond "lecturing" 
done. 

August 31st. Eleven brethren present. Ossian M. Eoss passed. 

August 31st Union No. 10. Eight brethren present. Petition of 
Bro. Henry L. Webb, late of Hudson Lodge No. 13, N. Y., received and 
referred. 

August 31st Eden Lodge No. 11. Six brethren present. Joel 
Protter (or Potter), rejected. Benjamin Leving and James Temple 
initiated. 

August 31st. Sangamo, No. 9 : 

"MINUTES OF SANGAMO LODGE NO. 9. 

"AUGUST 31, A. L. 5822. 

" Lodge met pursuant to notice being given, at the lodge-room in Springfield. 
Brethren present: Stephen Stillman, W. M.; Gershom Jayne, 8. W. ; John 
Moore, J. W.; Moses Broadwell, Treas.; James C. Stephenson, Sec'y; Oramel 
Clark, S. D. ; Thomas Constant, J. D. 

"Lodge opened on the first degree of Masonry in due form; no business 
before this. Lodge closed, and that of a fellow craft opened ; no business being 
presented, the Lodge closed, and that of a Master Mason opened. A form of 
by-laws was presented, which were adopted and signed by the brethren. 

" Moved and seconded that Brother John Moore furnish three small stand 
tables, pedestals, rods, &c., for the use of the Lodge. 

" No further business being before the Lodge, it was closed in harmony. 

"STEPHEN STILLMAN, Jl". .17. 

"JAMES C. STEPHEXSON, Secretary." 

Matters went wrong with the Lodge at " Sangarno c. h.," and the fol- 
lowing letter was forwarded with the minutes just given : 

" To the Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons of the State of Mis- 
souri: 

"The Sangamon Lodge, through their Secretary, most respectfully report that 
on the 31st day of August, A. D. 1822, A. L. 5822, the Lodge convened agreeable 
to previous notice, at Springfield, and formed their by-laws, rules, and regula- 
tions for the government and conduct of the said Lodge, which are herewith 
transmitted for the examination and approbation of your ancient and honorable 
body. 



08 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Your brethren at Sangamon most respectfully offer an extenuation of their 
apparent paralytic feelings for the advancement of Masonry, the following 
excuses, viz.: 

"1st. Springfield being in its infancy, there was no convenient and safe place 
for them to convene. 

"2d. Our Worshipful Master, S. Stillman, undertook to erect a building that 
would temporarily answer our purposes, but the wet season kept the Sanganio 
river high until a late period, which embarrassed his proceeding so as to enable 
them to commence work until the sickly season came on, since which the 
necessary absence of some, and sickness of others, has rendered it out of our 
power, with one exception, to convene the requisite number to transact business. 

"Your brethren at Sangamon feel desirous to obtain a charter, and humbly 
ask your honorable body to look on their past neglect as not wholly faults wil- 
fully resting in them, but with so many grains of allowance as to authorize your 
feelings to grant us a charter, which we deem essential in this place for the 
advancement of Freemasonry and the good of mankind; and in case your 
honorable body cannot grant us a charter, we respectfully ask a renewal of our 
dispensation. 

"By order of the W. M., Wardens, and brethren. 

"JAMES C. STEPHEXSON, Secretary." 

The by-laws of this Lodge we insert in full : 

"BYE-LAWS OF SANGAMO LODGE NO. 9. 

"Section 1st. Be it ordained, that the stated meetings of this Lodge shall bo 
on the Saturday preceding the full moon in each month, at two o'clock p. jr., 
unless the moon fulls on Saturday, in which case the Lodge shall meet on that 
day. 

"Sec. 2d. Any person desirous of being initiated into the secrets of Masonry 
in this Lodge, shall petition for that purpose at a stated meeting, and be recom- 
mended by at least two Master Masons, said petition to be accompanied with 
five dollars ; five dollars before being passed, and five dollars before being raised 
to the sublime degree of Master Mason; upon which a committee of three shall 
be appointed, being Master Masons belonging to the Lodge, neither of which 
were of the recommending brethren. The committee, or any two of them, shall 
proceed to inquire into the character of the petitioner, and report the same in 
writing at the next stated meeting, and if the report be found favorable to the 
petitioner, he shall be balloted for the same evening, and if the ballot be found 
clear he may be initiated at the same meeting; but if one or more be found 
against him he shall be rejected. 

"Sec. 3d. Any Master Mason wishing to become a member of this Lodge 
shall make known his request in wiiting to the Lodge at a stated meeting, who 
shall appoint a committee to inquire into the character of the brother, who, if 
found worthy, shall be admitted at the next regular meeting, by paying the 
Secretary one dollar. 

"Sec. 4th. If a candidate, after having petitioned, shall neglect or fail to 
attend (without good cause shown), within three months, he shall forfeit the 
sum accompanying his petition, and be dealt with as if never having petitioned. 

"Sec. 5th. No brother shall be advanced to the second or third degree until 
he has made suitable proficiency in the preceding degree or degrees, for ascer- 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 69 

taining which he shall be examined by the Master or presiding officer in open 
Lodge, then a decision to be had by a majority of the brethren present. 

"Sec. 6th. In cases of emergency, these by-laws may be dispensed with, 
three-fourths of the members present agreeing thereto. 

"Sec. 7th. Each member shall, for every regular meeting, pay to the Secre- 
tary twenty-five cents, to defray the expenses of the Lodge, and for other 
purposes. 

"See. 8th. The regular Lodge night next preceding the festival of St. John 
the Evangelist, shall be the election of officers for the year ensuing, provided 
that in case'of failure, 'the Master shall be authorized to call a meeting for that 
purpose previous to the festival ; and no member shall be permitted to vote or 
hold an office who has not paid all dues, fines, and arrearages. 

"Sec. 9th. The Worshipful Master, Senior and Junior Wardens, Treasurer 
and Secretary, or a majority of them, shall be a standing committee of charity, 
and for settling the accounts of the Treasurer and Stewards. 

" Sec. 10th. The Secretary, on application, shall deliver to any member a diplo- 
ma drawn up in proper form, provided said member obtains the consent of the 
majority of the members ipresent at some regular meeting, provided his dues 
and arrearages are paid. In all cases the member applying shall pay to the 
Secretary the sum of one dollar for the use of the Lodge. 

" Sec. llth. In all processions any one appointed to fill any office pro tern., shall 
hold the same until the procession returns to the Lodge or place from whence 
it set out. 

" Sec. 12th. Any brother who shall be guilty of irregular or unmasonic con- 
duct, shall be publicly reprimanded by the Master in open Lodge, or suspended 
or expelled, as a majority of the brethren shall think proper. But whoever shall 
dare to disturb the congregation of the brethren by intemperance or profanity, 
shall, by order of the Master, be led out of the Lodge and not be permitted to 
return without making satisfactory amends; for a second offense he shall be 
suspended the privileges of the order. 

" Sec. 13th. No monies shall be paid out of the Treasury except by order of 
the Master or other presiding officer, with the consent of the brethren. The 
Treasurer shall exhibit an account of all the money by him received and paid 
out during the year, at the regular time of electing officers. 

" Sec. 14th. All business of the Lodge, so far as can masonically be permitted, 
shall be done in a Master's Lodge, and no Mason below the degree of Master Ma- 
son shall be allowed to vote in any case. 

"Sec. loth. When a motion is made for altering or amending these by-laws, 
it shall be presented in writing, stating the alterations or amendments, which 
being read and seconded, shall lie over until the next regular meeting for the 
consideration of the Lodge, when the same may be debated and a decisive vote 
taken thereon. 

Sec. IGth. "Any brother failing to attend at the regular meeting, shall forfeit 
and pay unto the Treasurer the sum of seventy-five cents in addition to his 
regular evening dues, unless a reasonable excuse be tendered to the satisfaction 
of a majority of the brethren present." 

* September 1st Eden No. 11. Eight brethren present. Petitions of 
Robert G. Adams and William S. Adams received and referred. 



70 HISTOKY OP MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

September 7th. Five brethren present. John Adams and Benjamin 
Smith initiated. 

September 12th Olive Branch No. 5. Sixteen brethren present. 
Nathaniel Buckmaster visiting. Nelson Aldrich was elected W. M., 
Charles Gear, S. W.; Benjamin Spencer, J. W.; II. H. Gear, Treasurer; 
and Aug. Langworthy, Secretary. Breth. Shaw and Slater were ap- 
pointed Deacons. A communication from Libanus Lodge No. 29, was 
received and referred to the Secretary for answer. The minutes are 
silent as to what this communication was, but as it was at this time a 
move was being made regarding the formation of a Grand Lodge, it is 
supposed that it related to that matter. 

September 13th. Eight brethren present. Petitions of Thomas Cum- 
mings and George Hacket received and referred. George Hewitt and 
Emanuel J. West "severally" passed, and George Hewitt raised. 

September 14th Union Lodge No. 10. Eight brethren present. "Vis- 
iting brother, Honorable Thomas C. Browne, of Lawrence Lodge No. 27, 
Ills."* Petitions of Henry L. Webb and Nat. W. Chamberlane received 
and referred. Bills for furniture to the amount of $28 allowed. and or- 
dered paid, "when the state of the treasury would justify it." Michael 
Jlarman initiated, and Charles Dunn passed and raised. 

September 15th. The W. M. was appointed representative to the 
Grand Lodge, and a petition for a charter drawn up as follows : 

" To the Most Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

"We, your petitioners, beg leave to present that we are Free and Accepted 
Masons; that we are at present members of Union Lodge No. 10, in the town of 
Jonesborough,and State of Illinois, working under letters of dispensation granted 
by the Most Worshipful N. B. Tucker, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Missouri. That for many good motives of diffusing and promoting the genuine 
principles of Masonry, we pray that your Most Worshipful Body grant us a charter 
of constitution, securing to us the rights and privileges of a regularly constituted 
Lodge, and that a person be appointed to install our officers; and if our prayer 
for a charter be granted, we promise strictly to conform to all the constitutional 
laws and regulations of the Grand Lodge, and the constitutions of Masonry ; and 
we, your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c. 

" B. W. BROOKS, 
JAMES 8. SMITH, 
GEORGE HUNSAKER, 
H. B. JONES, 
RICH'D J. HAMILTON, 
ABNEB FIELD, 
RICHARD M. YOUNG, 
WM. M. ALEXANDER." 



WM 

Accompanying this petition was the following: 

Lawrence Lodge No. 34, at Shawneetown. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 71 

"7'u the Most Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

' Your memorialists, the Worshipful Master, Wardens, and brethren of Union 
Lodge No. 10, of Illinois, working under a dispensation granted by your Honor- 
able Body, would respectfully represent: That, whereas, Wintead Davie, a 
young gentleman whose profession is that of a clerk, a citizen of Jonesborough, 
Illinois, is very much deformed in his legs and lower extremities, from his 
nativity, but otherwise duly qualified, being a man of good mind and information, 
genteel manners, and possessing an unexceptionable character for liberality of 
mind and feeling towards mankind generally, attention to business, and of the 
most temperate habits, has presented to our Lodge a petition in due form for 
initiation, which said petition has been read and disposed of in regular order, 
and an order made in our Lodge, as per reference to the minutes (the same will 
fully and at large appear), that his case be referred to the Grand Lodge of Mis- 
souri for their instruction, soliciting a warrant of dispensation authorizing us to 
initiate him into the mysteries of Freemasonry. Your memorialists would 
further represent to your Most Worshipful Body that we are conscious that Mr. 
Davie has no sinister views in wishing to become a member of our Institution, 
as he is a man of considerable property, unembarrassed, and fully able and 
capable to make an independent living by his own exertions, either in the capa- 
city of clerk or schoolmaster, for both of which stations he is well qualified, and 
has had considerable experience in each, with profit to himself and satisfaction 
to his employers; and, therefore, believe him to be actuated by the purest 
motives of good will and a high opinion entertained for the Fraternity, and hope 
that your Most Worshipful Body will attend to our petition in his behalf made, 
and grant said dispensation thereupon, and your memorialists, as in duty bound, 
will ever pray, ic. 

"RICH'D J. HAMILTON, HI M., 
" In behalf of Union Lodge No. 10, at their special request. 

" JOXESBOROUGH, ILLINOIS, Sept. 21 st, 1822, A. L. 5822. 

" P. S. Enclosed you will find the petition of Mr. W. Davie to Union Lodge No. 
10, accompanied with the necessary recommendation, and the report of the 
Committee of Character. 

' B. W. BROOKS, Sec'y." 

The Committee on Lodges Under Dispensation reported as follows: 

" To the Grnnil Lodye of the State of Missouri : 

"The Standing Committee for the examination of the work and proceedings 
of subordinate Lodges working under this jurisdiction, and to whom was referred 
the bye-laws and proceedings of Union Lodge No. 10, at Jonesborough, beg leave 
to report that they have examined the same and found them conformable with 
the constitution and bye-laws of the Grand Lodge. Your committee overlook 
some imperfections in the bye [laws] and work of said Lodge, from the conviction 
that, they are inadvertencies that will be readily corrected on the suggestion of 
the Grand Lecturer, who will shortly visit said Lodge. Your committee, there- 
fore, recommend the following resolutions : 

"Resolved, That the Grand Lodge approve of the bye-laws and proceedings of 
Union Lodge No. 10. 

/i';?.'rt'?. That a charter i<*ue to Union Lodge No. 10, at Jonesborough. 

"A. GAMBLE, 
G. H. C. MELODY." 



7-2 HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

September 24th Vandalia Lodge Xo. 8. Nine brethren present. "A 
communication from Libanus Lodge No. 29, of Edwardsville, was received 
and read, on the subject of forming a Grand Lodge at Vandalia, proposing 
a meeting of delegates from the different Lodges in this State, in this 
place, during the sitting of the next General Assembly. On motion of 
Bro. Brown, it was ordered, that the Secretary of this Lodge reply to the 
communication from Libanus Lodge No. 29, informing them that their 
proposition would be met by this Lodge so soon as it received its charter." 
Bro. John Warnock was requested to prepare an oration for the conse- 
cration of the Lodge. The W. M. (Bro. James M. Duncan) was appointed 
delegate to the Grand Lodge. 

September 28th. Nine brethren present. Charles Slade, F. C., of 
Libanus Lodge No. 29, visiting. The members contributed $22 towards 
paying the expenses of the delegate to Grand Lodge, and "thirteen 
dollars in specie" was appropriated as charter fee. Committee appointed 
to procure furniture, and the Lodge closed. 

September 28th Eden Lodge No. 11. Eight brethren present. 
Robert G. Adams and William S. Adams initiated. 

Of Albion Lodge we have nothing definite, beyond the information 
already obtained, except the following: 

" To the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Indiana : 

"A dispensation from the Most Worshipful John Sheets, Esq., Grand Master- 
was granted on the 12th March, 1822, to a number of petitioners residing in 
Albion, Illinois, authorizing them to open and hold a Lodge of Free and Accepted 
Ancient York Masons at Albion, to be known and designated by the name of 
Albion Lodge, and naming Bro. James O. Wattles, Master; John B. Johnson, 
Senior, and Arnold B. Dake, Junior Wardens, which being enclosed to me, with 
directions to organize the Lodge, I proceeded on the 13th of April to install the 
officers named in the dispensation, with the other subordinate officers which had 
been chosen for that purpose. The good effect produced by the solemnities of 
a public installation were so visible in the vicinity of Carlisle Lodge, that the 
brethren of Albion were very desirous to have their's in public. As it was only 
a dispensation, I had some doubts as to propriety of the measure, but upon 
consulting with the brethren of this place, we concluded there would be no im- 
propriety in it. Mr. Twigg, the brother appointed by the Albion Lodge to attend 
the Grand Lodge with the dispensation and a copy of the proceedings of the 
Lodge, will be able to give any information that may be thought necessary as to 

the installation. Respectfully-, 

" JAMES T. MOFFATT. 

"NOTE. As these are the only returns I have ever made, you will please to 
excuse informality, and should they not be sufficiently explicit, you will please 
gi ve me notice of the same. 

" YINCEXNES, Sept. 30, 1822. 

"DEAR SIB: The bearer of this, Mr. Twigg, is a member of the Albion Lodge, 
has a copy of proceedings, and wishes to get their dispensation renewed. Any- 
thing you can do for him will be reciprocated by your friend, 

"J. T. MOFKATT." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 73 

October 3d Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. Twelve brethren present. 
Breth. C. W. Hunter and Emauuel J. West raised. 

October 12th. Five brethren present. No business transacted. 

October 14th. Nine brethren present. No business, beyond allowing 
sundry accounts, transacted. 

October 19th. Nine brethren present. Three pages of quarto record 
are used in detailing the discussion and motions, pro and con, on a bill 
of Bro. Hibbard, amounting in the whole, to ^12.25. A contract for rent 
of Lodge-room for one year, at " twelve dollars in specie per annum, or 
thirty dollars in State paper," was authorized to be made. 

October 25th. Bro. Gouley, Grand Secretary of Missouri, has kindly 
forwarded to us, together with sundry other papers, the original charter 
of Sangamon Lodge No. 9, issued by the Grand Lodge of Missouri. This 
charter is of the same form now used, except that the names of all the 
charter members are not inserted. It was granted to Stephen Stillman, 
Gershom Jayne, and John Moore, "and several others" (of these three, 
Bro. Stillmau was Master; Gershom Jayne, Senior Warden; and John 
Moore, Junior Warden), and was granted October twenty-fifth, A. D. 
1822, and was (or rather is) signed by N. B. Tucker, Grand Master; 
Thompson Douglass, Deputy Grand Master; and attested by Wm. Ren- 
shaw, Grand Secretary. 

November 5th Olive Branch No. 5. Fourteen brethren present. 
George Hacket initiated. 

November 14th. Nine brethren present. " W. N. Aldrich, Master, pre- 
sented a circular letter from the Vandalia Lodge requesting the concur- 
rence of this Lodge to certain resolutions of Vandalia Lodge, soliciting 
this Lodge to send delegates, to meet delegates from the several Lodges 
in this State, at Vandalia, on the second Monday of December next, for 
the purpose of forming a Grand Lodge in this State. 

"Resolved, that the same be concurred in, and that a delegation be accordingly 
appointed for that purpose. 

"Which was agreed to. On motion of Bro. H. H. Gear, Chas. Gear, S. W.; 
Benj. Spencer, J. W.; James W. Whitney, E. J. West, C. W. Hunter, Aug. 
Langworthy, and Erastus Brown were appointed as delegates according- 
ly." Petitions of Cyrus Hibbard, Culver Woodburn, and John Twichell, 
were received and referred. H. P. Rundel and Edward Bishop passed. A 
matter of difficulty between two brethren was referred to a committee, 
consisting of Breth. Langworthy, Spencer, and Charles Gear, to be ad- 
justed "without the intervention of the Lodge." 

December 4th. Thirteen brethren present. No business transacted. 

On Monday, the 9th day of December, A. D. 1822, a number of dele- 
gates assembled at Vandalia, and proceeded to organize a convention. 
The following letter will explain how the proceedings of this conven- 



74 HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

tion, and constitution adopted thereat, come into possession of the Grand 
Secretary : 

" PLEASANT HILL, Pike Co., June 1, 1859. 

"DEAR BROTHER : I wrote some days since to you a few lines, that I had made a 
discovery among some old papers, of a copy of a Grand Lodge Constitution, 
also a copy of the proceedings of a Masonic Convention, dated December 9th, 
1822, A. L. 5822. 

"These papers were copied by me at the time the convention met in Vandalia, 
from the originals, as the doings of that convention, and I have no doubt they 
are accurate and correct. 

" Knowing that you are engaged in collecting materials for a history of the- 
Grand Lodge of Illinois, I have considered it of some importance to copy them 
and transmit such copy to you. 

" I showed these old papers to Bro. Noyes, our Worshipful of Pittsfield Lodge 
55 [56], who thinks it would be well to make a fair copy and deposit the same in 
Pittsfield Lodge, for the inspection and examination of the brethren * * 
" Very truly and fraternally yours, <fec., 

"J. W. WHITNEY. 
" Bno. H. G. REYNOLDS, 

Grand Secretary." 



" MASONIC CONVENTION, DECEMBER 9rH, 1822._ 

" At a meeting of the brethren consisting of the delegates of the dif- 
ferent Lodges in the State of Illinois, on Monday, December 9th, A. L. 
5822, Bro. Thomas C. Brown was 'appointed Chairman, and Bro. "Wm. 
H. Brown, Secretary. 

"The following brethren produced their certificates and were recog- 
nized as delegates, viz.: 

" From Libanus Lodge No. 29. Richard J. McKinney, Dennis Rockwell, John 
Y. Sawyer, Nathaniel Buckmaster, William H. Hopkins, and David Pricket. 

" From Western Star Lodge No. 107. Thomas Reynolds and Shadrach Bond. 

" Frj>m Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. James W. Whitney, Charles Gear, and 
Charles W. Hunter. 

"From Albion Lodge. Benjamin J. Mills and Gilbert T. Pell. 

" From Eden Lodge No. 11. James Turney. 
^" From Union Lodge No. 11 [10]. Abner Field and Charles Dunn. 

" From Vandalia Lodge No. 8. William H. Brown. Jam><^f. Duncan, ^ohn S. 
Duncan, Russell Botsford, ^E. C^Bcrry. John WarnockT 

"From Lawrence Lodge No. 3k. Thomas C. Brown and James Hall. ' 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That a committee be appointed to form a constitution for a Grand 
Lodge, in the State of Illinois, and that that committee report to-morrow at 
4 o'clock. 

" Bros. T. Reynolds, C. W. Hunter, G. T. Pell, James Turney, Abner 
Field, Wm. H. Brown, James Hall, and John Y. Sawyer were appointed 
that committee. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 75 

" On motion, Resolved, That the Grand Lodge be located at Vandalia. 
" The convention then adjourned until to-morrow, at 4 o'clock P. M. 



" December 10th, A. L. 5822. 

"' The convention again assembled. Bro. Sawyer, from the committee 
appointed to draft a Constitution for a Grand Lodge, reported the fol- 
lowing Constitution, which was read section by section and adopted : 

"CONSTITUTION OF THE GRAND LODGE OF ILLINOIS, 

" OF ANCIENT, FREE, AND ACCEPTED MASONS. 

"Be it ordained that the Grand Lodge shall consist of a Grand Master, a Deputy 
Grand Master, Grand Senior and Grand Junior Wardens, a Grand Chaplain, a 
Grand Treasurer, a Grand Secretary, and Deputy Grand Secretary, two Grand 
Deacons, a Grand Marshal, a Grand Tyler, two Grand Stewards, a Grand Sword 
Bearer, a Grand Pursuivant, the Masters and Wardens for the time being of the 
several Lodges under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge, all Past Grand offi- 
cers of this [Grand] Lodge, and all Past Masters of regular Lodges, under the 
jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge, who continue members of any regular Lodge, 
are likewise considered members of and admitted to vote in this Grand Lodge, 
also, those members who are present at, and signed the instrument drawn up 
and agreed upon at the convention for the formation of this Grand Lodge> 
whilst they continue members of, and pay 'dues to, any regular Lodge in this 
State. 

"Sec. 2nd. The Grand Lodge so organized shall be styled and known by the 
name of THE GRAND LODGE OF ILLINOIS, OF ANCIENT, FREE, AND ACCEPTED MASONS. 

"Sec. 3d. The Grand Lodge shall hold annual communications, and the 
Grand Master, or his Deputy incase of his absence, may on '.very urgent occasions 
call special meetings. 

" Sec. 4th. When any officer of a subordinate Lodge can not attend the Grand 
Lodge, he may depute any brother of equal or superior rank to himself, to act 
for him in the Grand Lodge, and such deputation shall be under the hand and 
seal of the brother deputing. When the Master and Wardens of any subordi- 
nate Lodge depute the same brother to represent them, he must have attained 
at least the rank of a Past Master. 

"Sec. 5th. The grand officers may hold offices in subordinate Lodges, and 
this shall not deprive them of any privilege they might claim in the Grand 
Lodge as Past Grand officers. 

"Sec. 6th. The Grand Master, Grand Senior and Junior Wardens, Grand 
Treasurer and Grand Secretary shall be annually elected by ballot. The Grand 
Master and Grand Secretary shall appoint their deputies, respectively, and until 
the Grand Lodge shall, by its by-laws otherwise provide, the Grand Master 
shall appoint all other officers. 

"Sec. 7th. In all questions which shall come before the Grand Lodge for its 
decision, every subordinate Lodge shall be entitled to three votes, which shall 
not be separated; but the brethren representing such Lodge, shall agree among 
themselves on which side the vote shall be given, and every Present or Past 
Grand Officer, and all Past Masters being members of this Grand Lodge shall 
be entitled to one vote individually, and the Grand Master and [or] his Deputy* 
when presiding, shall, whenever necessary, give the casting vote. 



76 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Sec. 8th. The Giand Lodge shall have power to constitute new Lodges l>y 
letters patent, under their seal ; to establish an uniform mode of working through- 
out the State, strictly adhering to the ancient landmarks, usages and customs of 
Masonry, and to require from the several Lodges under their jurisdiction, such 
annual dues as they shall deem necessary, to be appropriated for the benefit of 
the Craft; to hear and determine all appeals from subordinate Lodges, and to 
decide all disputes between different Lodges under this jurisdiction ; to demand 
such fees as may be deemed just and reasonable upon granting charters consti- 
tuting new Lodges; to make such by-laws as may be necessary for their good 
government and not inconsistent with this Constitution; and finally to do all 
things heretofore accustomed to be done by other Grand Lodges which are 
within the ancient landmarks and usages of the Craft. 

"See. 9th. That in addition to the officers enumerated in the first clause of 
this Constitution, there may be annually appointed one or more Grand Lectur- 
ers, whose duty it shall be at least once in every year to visit all the subordinate 
Lodges under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge lor the purpose of establish- 
ing an uniform mode of working, and of correcting any errors which may have 
obtained among them. 

"Sec. 10th. No alteration shall take place in this Constitution except in the 
following manner: every amendment shall be proposed in writing at a regular 
communication of the Grand Lodge, a fair copy of which shall be sent by the 
Grand Secretary to each of the subordinate Lodges, who shall pass or reject the 
same; and certify their proceedings to the regular communication; when if 
it appears that two-thirds of the subordinate Lodges have agreed to pass the 
same, it shall become a part of this Constitution. 

" Formed and signed upon this 9th [10th] day of December, A. L. 5822. 

Signed by Richard T. McKinney, Dennis Rockwell, John Y. Sawyer, 
Nathaniel Buckmaster, William H. Hopkins, and David Pricket, from Libanus 
Lodge No. 29; Thomas Reynolds and Shadrach Bond, from Western Star Lodge 
No. 107; James W. Whitney, Charles Gear, and Charles W. Hunter, from Olive 
Branch Lodge No. 5; Benjamin J. Mills and Gilbert T. Pell, from Albion Lodge; 
James Turney, from Eden Lodge No. 11; Abner Field and Charles Dunn, from 
Union Lodge No. 11 [10]; William H. Brown, James M. Duncan, John S.Duncan, 
Russell Botsford, E. C. Berry, and John Warnock, from Vandalia Lodge No. 8; 
Thomas Brown and James Hall, from Lawrence Lodge No. 34. 

"On motion of Bro. Dunn, 

"Resolved, That the delegates from each Lodge take a copy of the constitution 
and transmit the same to their respective Lodges. 

"Adjourned until to-morrow at 4 o'clock P. M. 



" WEDNESDAY, December llth, A. L. 5822. 
" The convention met pursuant to adjournment. 
" On motion of Bro. Hall, the following resolution was adopted : 

" Resolved, That we proceed forthwith to the nominations of persons to fill the 
offices of Grand Master, Grand Wardens, Grand Secretary, and Grand Treasurer, 
which nominations shall be presented to the several Lodges, with the constitu- 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 77 

tion recommended for their adoption ; and if a majority of the Lodges approve 
of said nominations, the persons so nominated shall be considered as duly 
elected. 

"Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the several Lodges, immediately upon 
the ratification or disapproval by them of the proceedings of this convention, to 
transmit notice of the same to the Grand Master elect, and if it appear that a 
majority of the Lodges concur in the proceedings of the convention, then the 
Grand Lodge shall be considered as duly organized, and the Grand Master shall 
order the first meeting of the same at such time as he shall think proper. 

"Whereupon, the convention proceeded to ballot for officers, when, 
upon counting the ballots, it appeared that Shadrach Bond was elected 
Grand Master: John Y. Sawyer, Grand Senior Warden; Wm. M. Alex- 
ander, Grand Junior Warden; Richard T. McKinney, Grand Secretary; 
James 0. Wattles, Grand Treasurer. 

"' On motion of Bro. Hall, 

"Resolved, That a copy*t>f the minutes of the convention be made out by 
the Secretary, and countersigned by the Chairman, and that a copy of the cort- 
stitution now formed be deposited in Vandalia Lodge until the Grand Lodge is 
organized. 

"The convenion then adjourned sine die.. 

(Signed) " THOMAS C. BROWN, Chairman. 

"Wji. H. BROWN, Secretary." 



December 12th Olive Branch, No. 5. Ten brethren present. John 
Twitchell affiliated. Culver Woodburn initiated, Jonathan Haskell 
raised, and petition of Daniel McFain received and referred. 

December 3d. Six brethren present. Cyrus Hibbard initiated. 

Minutes had been partially made of meetings of No. 5 on the 26th and 
27th of December, but nothing seems to have been done. The meeting 
of the 26th was opened on the third degree, and there the record closes. 
At the meeting of the 27tb, the Lodge does not appear to have been, 
opened. 



CHAPTER VIII. 



January 9th, 1823 Olive Branch No. 5. Fifteen brethren present. 
Samuel W. Rhodes and Edward Bishop raised. Cyrus Hibbard passed. 

January 10th. Ten brethren present. Resolution introduced by Bro. 
Whitney to prohibit smoking in the Lodge; laid over to regular meeting 
for consideration. Twenty dollars appropriated to " procure benches." 

February llth. Nine brethren present. Lodge had met for instruc- 
tion, and, after lecturing on the third degree, closed. 

February 13th. Twenty-three brethren present. Horatio Newhall 
and Henry P. Rundle raised. 

February 14th. Fourteen brethren present. Cyrus Hibbard raised. 
Bro. Whitney's resolution to prohibit "smoking in the Lodge" was 
negatived. 

February 18th. Ten brethren present. George Hackett passed. 

February 20th. Thirteen brethren present. Petition of "Samuel 
Gates of Green county," received and referred. George^Hackett raised. 

February .Fourteen brethren present. 

March 10th. Ten brethren present. 

March 12th. Ten brethren present. 

No business of importance transacted at these meetings. For the 
months of April and May, 1823, we have no information whatever, and 
can gain none. The following is all we have for June. 

" Pursueant to a charter granted by the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and by 
authority of the Deputy Grand Master (the Grand Master being absent) to Georgo 
H. C. Melody, to consecrate, dedicate, and enstall Sangamon Lodge No. 9, and 
in pursuance of said authority, on the 24th day of June, A. L. 5823, A. D. 1823, the 
f)rnnd Lodge wns opened at Springfield, Sangamon county, Ills. Present: 
George H. C. Melody, Dep. G. M., p. t.; Asa S. Shaw, S. Warden, p. t.; James 
Adams, G. Sec'y, p. t., and Grand Chaplain, p. t. Whereupon, Lodge JS'o. 9 
was consecrated and dedicated to the Holy St. Johns, and the following officers 
enstalled, t-o-wit : Bro. Stephen Stillman being absent, Bro. John More, being a 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 79 

Past Master, and one. of the officers named in the charter, was enstalled Master, 
proxy; Bro. Gershom Jayne, Senior Warden; Bro. John Moore, Junior Warden, 
being the same brother who was enstalled Master, proxy. 

"G. H. C. MELODY. 
" Attested : J. ADAMS, G. Sec\u, p. t." 

For the months of July, August, and September, we are unable to pre- 
sent any information as to the doings of the Lodges. From a return to 
the Grand Lodge of Missouri, we ascertain that the officers of Olive 
Branch Lodge No. 5, Upper Alton, for 1823, were as follows : Nelson Al- 
-drich, W. M.; Emanuel J~ West, S. W.; Southard Shaw, J. W.; Henry P. 
Rundle, Treasurer; Alexander Hart, Secretary; Benjamin Spencer, S. 
D.; Benjamin Harwood, J. D.; Culver Woodburn, Steward; William 
Heath, Tyler; and that the members were : Erastus Brown, Chad Brown, 
Edward Bishop, Geo. W. Britton, Joel Finch, Hezekiah H. Gear, Charles 
Gear, Charles W. Hunter, Jonathan Haskill, George Hewett, George 
Hackett, Aug. Langworthy, Daniel Monross, Samuel W. Rhodes, Henry 
H. Snow. Samuel Slater, John Twichell, James W. Whitney, Horatio New- 
hall, Samuel P. Hibbard, Jonathan B. Fay, Cyrus Hibbard. We have 
also the original return of Vandalia Lodge No. 8, which is given here 
entire : 

"RETURN OF VANDALIA LODGE No. 8 TO THE GRAND LODGE, 

OCT. 6, 1S23. 

"Xamcs of Members. William H. Brown, Master; Senior Warden vacant ; Junior 
Warden suspended ; John C. Kellogg, Senior Deacon ; Robert H. Peebles, Junior 
Deacon; Benjamin Mills, Secretary; Frederick Hollman, Treasurer; Joseph 
Enos, Tyler ; Robert Latty, Nathaniel Sanburn, Robert K. McLaughlin, William 
McFatridge, Master Masons. 

"Members admitted since last Communication. Robert K, 



passed, and raised; Horatio New hall, initiated and passed; Robert H. Peebles, 
initiated, passed, and raised; Wm. McFatridge, initiated, passed, and raised; 
Cyrus Birge, initiated ; Wm. Johnson, initiated. 

"Demitted. John Warnock, John S. Duncan, Moses K. Botsford, Russel Bots- 
ford. *' 

"Suspended. William L. D. Ewing and Elijah C. Berry. 

"Struck from the list of members for neglect vf payiny Lodge dues. James Hull. 

"Members of Vandalia Lodge icho have removed, and are out the power of t/ii* 
Lodge. Robert Beard, Rowland R. Holmes, Waters Baugh. 

" WM. H. BROWN, M." 

The officers of Union Lodge No. 10 were as follows: B. W. BROOKS, 
W. M.; JAMES S. SMITH, S. W.; JOHN HUNSAKER, J. W.; JESSE ECHOLS, 
Sec'y; GEORGE HDNSAKEU, Treasurer; Jacob HYBERGER, S. D.; AUGUSTUS 
RICHBURN, J. D.; JOHN BOLTZELL, Tyler. 

In order to show how trials were conducted in " those days," we give 
the following document verbatim, excepting the name of the party con- 
cerned ; 



80 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 



"ALTON, November 13th, A. L. 5823. > 
OLIVE BRANCH LODGE No. 5. j 



" Charges and specifications against Bro. was read, viz : (f'liarge, unma- 

sonic conduct. Specification 1st. Having absconded with his family secretly 
while indebted to a number of his fellow citizens, to whom he was under promises 
to pay them at a certain time, while he was privately preparing to depart, in 
violation of his engagements. Specification 2d. Having violated all faith which 
ought to be held sacred as a man, and more particularly as a Mason, by swindling, 
under pretence of borrowing or buying a horse, saddle, and bridle, to'make his 
escape with. Specification 3d. In purchasing a large amount of property from a 
number of citizens with an intent to defraud them, as has been fully developed by 
his subsequent conduct. Specification kth. Having left the Lodge without paying 
his dues, and having defrauded many brethren of what he was indebted to them ); 
and separately carried in the affirmative; when, on motion of Bro. Alex. Hart, 

seconded by Bro. Chas. W. Hunter, it was resolved unanimously that Bro. 

be expelled of the privileges of Masonry. 

"A true copy of the record. ALEXANDER HART, Stc. 

" T. DOUGLAS, Sec. of the <?. L. of Missouri." 

It will be seen that the charges and specifications were read, and the 
brother was expelled immediately after, upon motion. 

The return of Eden Lodge No. 11 reported JOHN SMITH as W. M.; 
CHARLES MULLIKEN, S. W.; and THOMAS G. GARI.KY, J. "W. It also re- 
ports that WHITE, WM. G. BROWN, JOEL POTTKR, and T. MOORE were 

initiated. HARVICK, HOLDEN passed, and HOLDEN, 

HARVICK, LEVERING, and TEMPLE raised. 

Our data for the year 1824 from which to proceed is very scant, until 
we shall come to the month of December. 

In April, the Grand Lodge of Illinois having become a fixed fact, the 
constitution adopted in December, 1822, having been ratified, Vandalia 
Lodge took the initiative, and addressed the following letter to the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

" VANBALIA, April 2, 1824. 
"M. W. Master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri : 

" By a resolution of Vandalia Lodge No. 8, I am instructed to inform you that 
in consequence of the formation of a Grand Lodge in this State, this Lodge is 
desirous of withdrawing from your jurisdiction, as it has attached itself to the 
Grand Lodge of Illinois. With sentiments of respect, 

"I am M. W. brother, yours, <tc., 

"WM. H. BROWN, 

"Sec'y. of V. L. No. 5." 

''Eden Lodge No. 11, reported to the Grand Lodge of Missouri, the fol- 
lowing work done during the year 1824 : Hollingread, Wilton, 

and Hanan initiated. Hollingread, Moore, Wilton, 

and Brown passed. Hollingread, Moore, and Adams 

raised, and Charles Slade admitted. 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 81 

The officers and members of Union Lodge, for 1824, were as follows : 
James S. Smith, W. M.; John Hunsaker, S. W.; John Whitaker, J. W.; 
B. "VV. Brooks, Secretary; George Hunsaker, Treasurer; John Boltzell, 
S. D.; A. Eichburn, J. D.; John C. Collier, Steward and Tyler; Eichard 
M. Young, James Finney, Abner Field, Henry S. "Webb, David II. Moore, 
Edmund Vancil, Jesse Echols, M. M., Henry Lyerly, and Allen Penrod, 
Entered Apprentices. The following communication from Olive Branch 
Lodge we present entire : 

" MASONIC HALL, OLIVE BRANCH LODGE No. 5, " 
ALTON, December llth, 1824. / 
" To the Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Missouri : 

" BROTHER: Conformably to a resolution of this Lodge it has become my duty 
to present you with a description of , late a member, and by this Lodge ex- 
pelled on the 13th November, A. L. 5823. Said was born in Connecticut, aged 

about 45 years, near six feet high, light complexion and hair, blue eyes, and by 
profession a farmer and drover. He was made a Master Mason in the Morning 
Starr Lodge No. 47, in the town of Oxford, Connecticut. It is reported he is now 
living at Cincinnati, Ohio. I have the the honor to be with great respect, 

"Yours, fraternally, 

"CHAS. W. HUNTER, 

"Secretary." 

The letter of Union Lodge No. 10, asking leave to withdraw, is also 
presented : 

" JONESBOROUGH, ILL., 4th Nov. 1824. 
" To the Most Worshipful, the Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

" Whereas, a Grand Lodge has been recently established in the State of Illinois, 
and our Lodge, formerly 'Union Lodge No. 10,' having attached itself to it 
under the title of 'Union Lodge No. 8,' by said Grand Lodge. 

" Wherefore, we the members of Union Lodge are desirous of withdrawing our- 
selves from the jurisdiction of your Grand Lodge, if agreeably to your will and 
pleasure, and request that the Grand Secretary would have the goodness to 
transmit us by mail, the amount of the balance of our fees, dues, &c., remaining 
due and unpaid to your Grand Lodge, and the money shall be remitted as soon 
as possible. 

"Yours very affectionately and fraternally, 

" B. W. BROOKS, Secretary, 

"Union Lodge No. 8." 

On the sixth day of December, A. D. 1824, the Grand Lodge of Illinois 
assembled for the first tipie of which, there exists any record. The Grand 
Lodge did meet in December 1823, when it was formally organized, and 
the officers installed by E. W. Bro. George H. C. Melody, D. G. Master 
Grand Lodge of Missouri. No record of this meeting can be found. 
We are, therefore, under the necessity of presenting what we have : 



" At the Annual Communication of the Grand Lodge of the State of 
Illinois, held at Vandalia, on Monday, the 6th day of December, A. L. 
5824: 

6 



82 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" Present : James Hall, D. G. M. and G. M. pro tern.; George H. C. Melody, D. 
G. M. pro tern.; John Y. Sawyer, G. S. W.; William M. Alexander, J. G. W.; William 
H. Brown, D. G. Secretary ; James O. Wattles, G. Treasurer ; James jVLjHincar^, 
G. S. D.; Richard J. Hamilton, G. J. D.; Emanuel J. West.^ST TylerTpro iem. 

"DELEGATES. Albion Lodge, Jesse B. Brown and Henry J. Mitls; Union Lodge, 
James S. Smith, W. M., Henry S. Webb, P. M.; Vandalia Lodge, Robert H. Peebles, 
W. M., Nathaniel Sanburn, J. W., Wm. H. Brown, P. M.; Lawrence Lodge, James 
Hall and Thomas C. Browne ; Hiram Lodge, Richard J. Hamilton, W. M.; Western 
Starr Lodge, Thomas Reynolds. 

" VISITING BRETHREN. Alexander, Philips, John M. Robinson, of Western Starr 
Lodge; Nicholas Hansen and Thomas J. McGuire, of Libanus Lodge; William 
Twigg, of Albion Lodge ; Daniel Hay, of Lawrence Lodge; Curtis Blakeman, of 
St. Andrews Lodge, N. Y.; Aaron Knapp, of Homer Lodge, N. Y. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Senior Warden, 

" Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to examine the credentials 
of delegates attending this Grand Lodge. 

" Whereupon, Brethren Sawyer, Wattles, and J. B. Brown were ap- 
pointed that committee. 

" The credentials of the delegates from Albion Lodge were read and 
referred to the Committee on Credentials. 

"The report from Union Lodge was read and referred to the last men- 
tioned committee. 

"The petition of Jacob C. Bruner was read, and on motion of Brother 
Grand Treasurer, referred to a select committee consisting of Brethren 
Wattles, Hamilton, and J. B. Brown. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Junior Warden, 

" Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed to inquire how far the subor- 
dinate Lodges within this State are affected by the resolution declaring that 
'the Lodges which assisted at the formation of this Grand Lodge, shall be con- 
sidered as within our jurisdiction,' and what is the operation of said resolution 
in regard to such Lodges. 

" Brethren Alexander, Field, Hamilton, Wattles, and Dunn were ap- 
pointed that committee. 

" The following committees were appointed by the M. W. Grand Master 
pro tern., viz.: 

"To examine the accounts of the Treasurer: Breth. Webb and Ham- 
ilton. 

" To examine the books and papers of the Secretary: Breth. Reynolds 
and J. B. Brown. 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That this Grand Lodge adjourn until to-morrow afternoon at 2 
o'clock. 

" TUESDAY, December 7. 

" The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 
" Present : The same as yesterday, with the addition of Breth. James 
Watts, of Libanus Lodge; Frederick Hollman, of Vandalia Lodge ; 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 83 

James Adams, of Skaneatles Lodge, N. Y.; Stephen Stillman, of Sanga- 
mo Lodge; Richard M. Young, of Union Lodge : Joseph Dnnran, nf 
Hiram Lodge: and David Coons, of Olive Branch Lodge. 
" The Committee on Credentials made the following report: 

"'The committee to whom was referred the examination of credentials, re- 
port that the credentials -of all the Lodges represented here are in form, with 
"the exception of Albion Lodge, which has appointed delegates instead of their 
being appointed by the officers of the Lodge as proxies, your committee, there- 
fore, beg leave to introduce the following resolution : 

" 'Resolved, That the delegates from Albion Lodge be allowed,to take their seats 
in this Grand Lodge.' 

" Which report and resolution were concurred in. 

'< Bro. Wattles, from the select committee on the petition of Jacob C. 
Bruner, reported favorably to the prayer of the petitioner, and recom- 
mended the adoption of the following resolution, viz.: 

"Resolved, That Jacob C. Bruner, who has been expelled from Libanus Lodge, 
be restored to his membership in the same, and to the privileges of Masonry; 
but that nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to prevent the said 
Lodge from proceeding to the trial of the charges exhibited against him. 

" Which report and resolution were ordered to lie on the table. 
" The Grand Senior Warden made the following report: 

"'In the absence of the M. W. Grand Master, the Grand Senior Warden reports 
that a charter has been granted to Albion Lodge, and a dispensation to Hart Fel- 
lows and others, of Carrollton, in the county of Greene, during the vacation, 
with orders to return it to this grand communication.' 

"The M. W. Grand Master pro tern, appointed Breth. Mills, McGuire, 
and Hamilton the standing Committee on Reports of Lodges. 

"The reports of Hiram and Vandalia Lodges were read and referred 
to the last mentioned committee. 

"The committee appointed to examine the Secretary's books and pa- 
pers, report that they have performed that duty, and find them correct, 
except in one instance, where the names of the visiting brethren were 
omitted to be inserted. 

"On motion of Bro. Deputy Grand Secretary, the following resolution 
was adopted: 

"Resolved, That the Committee on-Reports from Lodges be required to exam- 
ine and report whether the Lodges under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge 
have complied with the by-laws, in the payment of their dues. 

" On motion, 
"Resolved, That this Grand Lodge adjourn till to-morrow at 2 o'clock P. M. 



" WEDNESDAY, December 8. 

"The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 
" Present, as before. 



84 HISTOEY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" The Grand Treasurer begs leave to report that during the past year 
he has received from Palestine Lodge five dollars towards payment for 
the dispensation granted from the Grand Secretary, and no more; mak- 
ing in all six dollars, which remains in his hands, subject to the disposal 
of the Grand Lodge. 

" The committee appointed to inquire how far the subordinate Lodges 
are affected by the formation of this Grand Lodge with the Grand Lodges 
they formerly or now work, made a report, which was concurred in. 

" The committee to whom was referred the reports of the subordinate 
Lodges, made a report, which was concurred in. 

" On motion of Bro. Junior Grand Warden, 

" Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to draft a memorial to the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, to inquire into the causes which have induced 
that Grand Lodge to suspend the Western Star Lodge, at Kaskaskia. 

" Breth. Alexander, Hamilton, and Sawyer were appointed that com- 
mittee. 

" The report from Albion Lodge was read and referred to the Commit- 
tee on Reports from Lodges. 

" On motion of Bro. Reynolds, the petition of Jacob C. Bruner was 
taken up, read, 

"And on motion of Bro. Grand Junior Warden, the following resolu- 
tion was adopted : 

"Resolved, That as Libanus Lodge is working under the Grand Lodge of Ten- 
nessee, this Grand Lodge can take no cognizance of said petition. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Senior Warden, the following resolution 
was adopted : 

" Resolved, That the subordinate Lodges who assisted at the formation of this 
Grand Lodge, and have neglected to surrender their charters from other Grand 
Lodges, and taken charters from this Grand Lodge, be allowed a further time of 
six months to perform that duty. 

" Resolved, That the Lodges neglecting the requisitions of the preceding reso- 
lution, be stricken from the roll of this Grand Lodge, and that these Lodges be 
immediately furnished with a copy of these resolutions. 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That an election for grand officers of this Grand Lodge be held this 
evening at 7 o'clock, and that the officers so elected be publicly installed to- 
morrow, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. 

'' A communication from E. C. Berry was received, and, on motion of 
Bro. Grand Junior Warden, it was referred to a select committee consist- 
ing of Breth. Alexander, Duncan, and Reynolds. 

" The Committee on Reports from Lodges made a report, accompanied 
by the following resolution, both of which were concurred in : 

"Resolv&i, That the delegates from Albion Lodge are entitled to all the privi- 
leges and rights of members of this Grand Lodge. 

" The M. W. Grand Lodge then proceeded to the election of grand 
officers for the ensuing year, when, upon counting the ballots, it appeared 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 85 

that Bro. James Hall was elected M. W. Grand Master ; Bro. John York 
Sawyer, R. "VV. Grand Senior Warden : Bro. Richard J. Hamilton, R. W. 
Grand Junior Warden; Bro. James 0. Wattles, R. W. Grand Treasurer; 
Bro. "William II. Brown, R. W. Grand Secretary. 

"The M. W. Grand Lodge then adjourned till to-morrow afternoon at 
2 o'clock. 

"THURSDAY, December 9. 

" The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 

"A Lodge of Past Master Masons was opened. 

" Present: R. W. George II. C. Melody, G. M.; R. W. Henry L. Webb, 
G. S. W.; R. W. James 0. Wattles, G. J. W.; Bro. James Watts, G. S. D.: 
Bro. Robert H. Peebles, G. J. D.; Bro. James S. Smith, G. Tyler. 

"And after some business done therein, the Lodge was closed, and a 
Lodge of Master Masons opened. 

" M. W. James Hall, G. Master elect ; R. W. John Y. Sawyer, G. S. W.; 
R. W. Richard J. Hamilton, G. J. W.; R. W. James 0. Wattles, G. Treas.: 
R. W. WJliiain_H. Brown, GL Secretary ; Bro. Thomas Reynolds, G. S. D., 
pro tern.; Bro. Emanuel J. West, G. J. D., pro tern.; Joseph Enos, G. 
Tyler, pro tern. Breth. Watts, Dunn, and others, visiting brethren. 

" The grand officers elect of the M. W. Grand Lodge of the State of 
Illinois, were then installed in due form, by the R. W. George II. C. Mel- 
ody, Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Senior Warden, 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this Grand Lodge be presented to Bro. Melody 
for his polite attention and fraternal kindness in attending the present Annual 
Grand Communication, and for the aid he has rendered in the performance of 
our duties. 

"Resolved, That a committee be appointed to wait on Bro. Melody and present 
to him the above resolution, and request him to receive the sum of twenty dollars, 
to discharge the expenses of his visit to us, which sum the Grand Treasurer is 
hereby authorized to pay over to said committee. 

"Ordered, That Breth. Sawyer, Webb, and Reynolds be the committee. 

" The M. W. Grand Lodge then adjourned till to-morrow at two o'clock 
in the afternoon. 

" FRIDAY, December 10th. 

" The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 

"Present: M. W. James HaU, G. M.; R. W. John York Sawyer, 
G. S. W.; R. W. Richard J. Hamilton, G. J. W.; R. W. James 0. Wattles, 
G. Treas.; R. W. WUJjam H. Brown, G. Sec.; Bro. Robert H. Peebles, 
G. S. D., pro. tem.-JSro. Charles Dunn, G. J. D., pro. tern.; Bro. Joseph 
Enos, G. Tyler, pro. tern.; Breth. Whiteaker, Webb, H. J. Mills, Norton, 
Twigg, Smith, Utter, and Adams, members and visitors. 

"The M. W. Grand Master made the following appointments, viz.: Bro. 
Henry H. Snow, Deputy Grand Master; Bro. Robert II. Peebles, Grand 



86 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Senior Deacon ; Bro. Emanuel J. West, Grand Junior Deacon ; John 
Whiteaker, Grand Marshal ; Bro. Thomas Reynolds, Grand Sword 
Bearer; Charles Dunn, Grand Pursuivant; Breth. James S. Smith and 
John "Warnock, Grand Stewards; Bro. Joseph Enos, Grand Tyler. 

" The Grand Secretary appointed Bro. Thomas L. Posey, Deputy Grand 
Secretary of this Grand Lodge. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Treasurer, 

"Resolved, That all the subordinate Lodges in this State shall receive charters 
so soon as they have discharged their dues to the Grand Lodges under which 
they have hitherto held, and withdrawn from the jurisdiction of such Grand 
Lodges, on application to the M. \V. Grand Master, and surrendering to him 
their former charters. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Senior Deacon, the following preamble and 
resolution were adopted : 

" WHEREAS, The Vandalia Lodge has paid to Col. William Berry the sum of 
forty dollars, as a compensation for the loss of his sword, destroyed by the con- 
flagration of the State House, after the meeting of this Grand Lodge in 1823, 
therefore, 

"Resolved, That the dues owing by said Lodge to this M. W. Grand Lodge for 
the present year be remitted. 

" The by-laws of Union Lodge were presented and referred to the 
Committee on Reports from Lodges. 
" On motion of Bro. Dunn, 

"Resolved, That it be recommended by this Grand Lodge to each of the Lodges 
subordinate thereto, to transact the ordi'nar3 r business of the Lodge in an Entered 
Apprentice's Lodge, and to receive and act upou all petitions for membership, 
or any degree in Masonry, in a Master's Lodge only ; and that the Grand Secretary 
transmit a copy of this resolution to each of the subordinate Lodges. 

" The M. W. Grand Lodge then adjourned till to-morrow afternoon, 
two o'clock. 

"A Past Masters' Lodge was then opened, and Breth. Snow, Peebles, 
Dunn, West, Reynolds, Whiteaker, Smith, Warnock, and Enos were duly 
installed in their respective offices. 

"The Past Masters' Lodge was then closed in peace and harmony. 

" TUESDAY, December 14th. 

" The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment.* 

" Present, as before. 

" Bro. Guy W. Smith presented the dispensation granted in vacation 
to certain brethren residing in Palestine : also a return from said Lodge, 
which was received. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Treasurer, a charter was granted to Pales- 
tine Lodge, and time was given them till the next Grand Communication 
to pay the fees due for said charter. 

* There was no meeting on Saturday, the llth. The Grand Lodge was ad- 
journed to that time, met, was not opened, and adjourned to Tuesday, December 
"14, at 2 o'clock P. M. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS, 87 

" Bro. Reynolds, from the committee appointed upon the memorial of 
E. C. Berry, made a report, which was adopted, and the Grand Secretary 
ordered to forward a copy to the Grand Lodge of Missouri immediately. 

'Ordered, That the dispensation heretofore granted to the brethren residing at 
Oarrollton be renewed, and continued in full until the next Annual Communica- 
tion of this Grand Lodge. 

" Union and Vandalia Lodges having paid to the Grand Lodge of 
Missouri the dues owing to said Grand Lodge, and having surrendered 
their charters to this Grand Lodge, it is ordered that charters be issued 
to said Union Lodge as Union Lodge No. 7, and Vandalia Lodge as Van- 
dalia Lodge No. 5. 

" On motion, 

"Ordered, That Breth. Peebles and Brown be a committee to confer with Mr. 
Bullard on account of the rent of this room for the use of this Grand Lodge. 

" The Grand Lodge was then adjourned till the first day of January 
next, and a Lodge of Past Masters opened, when Bro. Guy W. Smith was 
introduced and duly installed Master of Palestine Lodge, in ample form. 

" The Lodge of Past Masters was then closed in peace and harmony. 



"JANUARY 1st, A. L. 5825. 

" The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 

" Present: M. W. James Hall, G. M.; R. W. Henry H. Snow, Deputy 

G. M.; R. W. John Y. Sawyer, G. S. W.; R. W. Robert \V. Peebles, 

/G. J. W., pro. tern.; R. W. James 0. Wattles, G. Treasurer; R. W. Benj. 

Mills, G. Secretary, pro. tern.; Bro. Benjamin Twigg, G. S. D.; Bro. 

Emanuel J. West, G. J. D.; Joseph Enos, G. Tyler. 

"A report from Olive Branch Lodge was presented, read, and accepted. 

" Bro. Grand Junior Deacon presented the following resolution, which 
was adopted : 

"Resolved, That the R. W. Deputy Grand Master of this Grand Lodge be and he 
is hereby authorized and required to visit each and every Lodge under the juris- 
diction of this Grand Lodge once in each year. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Junior Deacon, 

"That the thanks of this M. W. Grand Lodge be presented, through the M. W. 
Grand Master, to the Honorable Senate of the State of Illinois, for the polite offer 
of the use of the senate chamber for the use of this Grand Lodge. 

" The R. W. Grand Senior Warden presented a memorial, which, upon 
his motion, was adopted as a substitute for the one presented upon the 
petition of E. C. Berry, and ordered to be forwarded to the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri. 

" On motion of Bro. Grand Senior Deacon, 

" Ordered, That the sum of four dollars be appropriated for the payment of 
John Billiard, for the use of his chamber. 



88 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 



" On motion of the R. W. Deputy Grand Master, 

" Ordered, That upon the presentation of their work, Constitution and By-laws 
to the M. W. Grand Master, or his Deputy, a charter be granted in vacation to 
Green Lodge as No. 11. 

"On motion of Brother Grand Treasurer, 

" Ordered, That the sum of seven dollars be allowed to Bro. Joseph Enos, for 
his services as Tyler; and that the Grand Treasurer be, and he is hereby au- 
thorized to pay over to Bro. Enos, said sum, out of any money in the Treasury 
not otherwise appropriated. 

" No further business appearing before the Grand Lodge, it was closed 
in peace and harmony. 

" WM. H. BROWN, Grand Secretary." 



Immediately following the proceedings, is an abstract of the returns 
of the several Lodges under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge for the 
year 1824, which we here present: 

" Abstract of the return of Lodges under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge, for the 

year 182U. 
































73 















73 







73 


73 


73 




73' 








; 


r 


c 







OO 


O 






.3 





cu 

00 


OP 


"3 

O. 


'p. 


g 
"3 


C 

o> 


"o 




c 


a 





02 


W 


Q 


n 


o 





Olive Branch No. 4 


2 


3 


4 








9 




25 


Vandalia No 5 


2 


1 


1 






2 






12 


Union No 6 . 


2 


2 


2 










*1 


17 


Eden No. 7 






















3 


3 


3 




H 








24 


Albion No 


2 










5 






22 




5 


5 


4 












17 


Greene No. 11 


















11 



"NOTE. The Lodges at Kaskaskia, Shawneetown, and Edwardsville; the old- 
est in the State, and the Sangamo Lodge at Springfield, have not yet dissolved 
their connections with the Grand Lodges under whom they obtained charters, 
and united with the Grand Lodge of Illinois." 

In the meantime, Western Star Lodge, at Kaskaskia, was making 
strenuous efforts to sever its connection with the Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania, by whom its charter had been arrested, and effect an affilia- - 
tion with the Grand Lodge of Illinois. The following letter will explain, 
in a manner, the difficulties that the Lodge at Kaskaskia was laboring 
under: 

" *Samuel S. Crafton about 23 years of age, light hair, heavy made, about 5 
feet 9 inches high, by occupation a farmer. 
" t William G. Shade no description given. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 89 

" KASKASKIA, ILLINOIS, Oct. 20th, 1825. 

"SiR AND BROTHER : Your letter of 'the 22d ult. is now before me. The solici- 
tude which I feel, to have the perplexing business of the late Western Star 
Lodge closed with the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, prompts me to use every 
endeavor to facilitate its accomplishment. 

" I am satisfied that the misunderstanding has not been sought or intended. 
The Western Star Lodge found itself much embarrased by circumstances which 
it could not well control. The deranged state of the currency of the Country, 
about the year 1823, arising from a mistaken policy of State legislation, based as 
was alleged, upon the general depression of the country, paralyzed everything, the 
enforcement of contracts was suspended, and nothing but a depreciated paper 
system was transacted. The Lodge had previously made contracts, and pay- 
ments from it became due, and in consequence of the general embarrasment, 
its means of collection were limited, and what was effected, was so far depre- 
ciated that it had to sacrifice considerable to meet its engagements. When 
the proposition was made to the Grand Lodge to close the accounts, it was cal- 
culated that it could be effected, but in that it was disappointed. Coercive mea- 
sures were adopted (which, although painful under the peculiar circumstances 
of the times) and put into a train of operation, which were arrested by the recall 
of the charter, leaving no means for their completion. A little before that time, 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois was constituted, and a general solicitude was felt to 
become a branch of it, a resolution was adopted by that institution, to solicit 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to permit the Western Star Lodge to withdraw 
with its funds and furniture, and work under the Illinois jurisdiction, but the 
unfortunate destruction of the books and archives of the Illinois Grand Lodge 
shortly after, by the conflagration of the capital where they were deposited, pre- 
vented as, I am informed, its being communicated to the Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania. In reference to that proposal were based the remarks contained in 
communication from W.S. L. in April 1824, and was not a proposition originating 
from the Western Star Lodge. 

" In my communication of the 28th August last, I suggested the expediency 
of a special agency to close the business, it was the only method I could then 
devise, but since that time another expedient has occurred to me. Let a 
resolution be adopted by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to restore the war- 
rant of W. S. L. until it can complete the collection of the outstanding dues from 
its members, and take measures againsc the delinquents by suspension or expul- 
sion according to its bye-laws; and to make its remittances and returns to the 
Grand Lodge, and upon its being made satisfactory to appear to the R. W. G. M., 
that the same has been done as far as practicable, that he grant privilege for the 
W. S. Lodge to surrender its charter and retain the jewels, furniture, &c., and be 
at liberty to unite with such Grand Lodge as it may deem expedient. 

"It is evident from the books of the Lodge that a much larger sum is due to it 
from its members than is sufficient to pay the balance due the Grand Lodge, 
but no authority is now vested to collect it, and unless it be soon attended to, the 
dues will be in all probability lost, some of which, I am satisfied, has already 
become so. I am fully pursuaded that considerable collections can be effected 
if authorized either by agency or the restoration of the charter. I wish it to be 
fully understood that I feel no disposition to dictate a course for the Grand 
Lodge, but my solicitude for the adjustment of the affairs in the present de- 
ranged and embarrased condition, induces me to offer for the consideration of 



90 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

the Grand Lodge and its officers, such projects as seem to me best calculated to 
bring about the accomplishment of the desired object. The subject is an un- 
fortunate and an unpleasant one, and I heartily desire its termination in the 
most cordial and satisfactory manner, believing as I do that it has not been 
wantonly sought or intended, but growing solely out of circumstances misunder- 
stood. 

' Fraternally your.^, 

" WM. C. GREEXUP." 

After several other letters, none of which we have in our possession, 
the following was received : 

" GRAND LODGE OF PENNSYLVANIA, ADJOURNED QUARTERLY ) 
COMMUNICATION, PHILADELPHIA, 21st Nov., 18^5. / 

"Resolved, that as soon as it shall satisfactorily appear to the R. W. Grand 
Master, that the debts of Lodge Xo. 107 are collected, and remittances thereof 
are made to the Grand Treasurer as far as practicable, he sha.ll be and he is 
hereby authorized to grant permission to said Lodge to surrender its warrant, 
retain its jewels and property, and apply for a new warrant to the R. W. Grand 
Lodge of Illinois. 

" Extract from the minutes. 

T : "SAMUEL H. THOMAS, 

: iAL - = ' Grand Secretary:'' 

" In pursuance of the power vested in us by virtue of a resolution of the R. W. 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, adopted on the 21st day of Xovember, A. D. 1825, 
A. L. 5825, we do hereby authorize and empower the W. M. and brethren of 
Lodge Xo. 107, to surrender the warrant thereof tc us and to apply to the R. W. 
Grand Lodge of Illinois to hold a Lodge under a warrant from that Grand Lodge. 

"Given under our hand and seal this 30th day 

of Xovember, A. I). 182ti, A. L. 5826. 
: SEAL. ; I(TH K1TTERAj 

"Grand Master." 

"Attest, SAMUEL H. THOMAS, 

"Grand Secretary." 

This was accompanied by the following letter : 

" PHILAD., 16th Dec., 1820. 
" KASKASKIAS C. C. Conway, Esq.: 

" W. SIR AND BRO.: Your favour of 4th Xovember came duly to hand, and I 
regret that the absence of the R. W. Grand Master from the city prevented an 
earlier acknowledgement. 

"I am directed to state that everything which has been done by your Lodge 
since the restoration of its warrant is satisfactory to the officers of the Grand 
Lodge, and they wish you every success in the connection which your Lodge 
may form with the Grand Lodge of Illinois. I shall write to you again in a few 
days, and in the mean time subscribe myself your obedient servant and brother, 

"SAM. H. THOMAS, Grand Sec'y. 



CHAPTER IX. 



182636. 



"At a special communication of the M. W. Grand Lodge of the State 
of Illinois, held at the State House, in the town of Vandalia, on Monday, 
the third day of January, A. L. 5826 

" Present : M. W. James Hall, G. M.; M. W.^j-drach^Bond, P. G. M.; 
R. W. Henry H. Snow, D. G. M.; R. W. Henry L. "vfcebbTG. S. W.,^ro tern.; 
R. W. Henry J. Mills, G. J. W.,pro tern.; R. W. J. 0. Wattles, G. Treas.; 
R. W. Win. H. Brown, G. Secretary; Bro. John Whitaker, G. Marshal; 
Bro. Joseph Enos, G. Tyler. Bro. J. Ewing, of Vandalia Lodge; Breth. 
A. Hart, P. M., and David E. Cuyler, of Olive Branch Lodge; Bro. Mc- 
Roberts, of Vandalia Lodge; Breth. A. Field and Henry L. Webb, of 
Union Lodge; Breth. S. Dewey and Ossian M. Ross, of Frontier Lodge; 
Bro. George Webb, of Winchester Lodge, Ky.; Levi Roberts, of Olive 
Branch Lodge; Valentine G. Bradley, of Vincennes Lodge; Israel 
Seward, of Hamilton Lodge, Ohio; William Ross, of Mystic Tie Lodge, 
Massachusetts: Bro. Willis Hargrave, of Lawrence Lodge, and Bro. 
Nicholas Hansen. 

" On motion of Bro. D. G. Master, 

"Resolval, That a committee of three be appointed to examine the credentials 
of representatives attending this Grand Lodge from subordinate Lodges. 

"Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to examine the returns of 
subordinate Lodges. 

" Breth. Hay, Hart, and Whitaker were appointed a committee on the 
first, and Breth. Snow, Peebles, and Wattles a committee on the second 
resolution. 

" The Grand Secretary made the following report : 

'"The Grand Secretary reports that during the vacation of the Grand Lodge 
he has received the following communications, viz.: 

"'The proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, of the District of Colum- 
bia, of Indiana, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Mississippi. 

" 'A communication from the Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, 
with a list of officers for the year 5825. 



94 HTSTOEY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

ings in relation to resolutions from the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire and 
New York, proposing the erection of a monument at Mt. Vernon, to the memory 
of our illustrious Bro. G. Washington. A communication from the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri, containing a report of their proceedings in the eases of Bros. Wm. 
L. D. Ewing and E. C. Berry. A letter from the Grand Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge of New York. 

'" In the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky your committee find 
the following resolutions: 

"'Resolved, That this Grand Lodge recognize the M. W. Grand Lodge of Illi- 
nois, and that Bro. Grand Secretary correspond with the said M. W. Grand 
Lodge, and transmit regularly an abstract of the proceedings of this Grand 
Lodge. 

"'Resolved. That any arrearages which may be due from any Lodge subordi- 
nate to this Grand Lodge, located in the State of Illinois, be, and the same are 
hereby remitted to said Lodge. 

'"Your committee, while they state with regret and surprise, that this is the 
only acknowledgment of the receipt by any Grand Lodge of the communications 
addressed to them, and the only formal notice of recognition, can not avoid 
expressing their sense of the candid and frank reception which our newly es- 
tablished Grand Lodge has met from our brethren in Kentucky, and their hope 
that this Grand Lodge will promptly acknowledge and reciprocate the brotherly 
feeling which has been thus evinced. 

" 'They also find a very fraternal letter from the Grand Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge of New York, expressing the surprise of the members of that Grand 
Lodge, at their not having received any communication from us of the causes 
and events which led to the establishment of this Masonic institution, and re- 
questing such information. This letter, in the opinion of your committee, is 
entitled to immediate attention, and should be referred for reply to the suitable 
officers of the Grand Lodge, either to the Grand Master or Grand Secretary. 

"' From the reports of several of the Grand Lodges before us. it appears that 
active exertions are in operation among the Craft, to obtain subscriptions for 
the erection of a Masonic monument to the memory of Washington, and that 
several of the Grand Lodges of the U. S. have adopted measures to effect this 
object. Your committee in noticing this subject can not withhold the expres- 
sion of their entire approbation of any measure which may evince our respect 
for the virtues, and affection for the name, of the illustrious chief, whom \ve have 
been proud to numberamong our brothers, and submit the further consideration 
thereof to the Grand Lodge. 

"'In reply to a memorial of this Grand Lodge to the Grand Lodge of Mis- 
souri, soliciting a reconsideration of the cases of Wm. L. D. Ewing and Elijah 
C. Berry, we have received an abstract of their proceedings, by which it appears 
that Bro. Ewing has been restored to his Masonic privileges; but that in the 
opinion of that Grand Lodge, the case of E. C. Berry does not merit a recon- 
sideration. Your committee are aware of the delicacy of a further interference 
on our part in relation to this subject; but they can not pass it over without re- 
marking that they are far from feeling satisfied, either with the decision of the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, or with the reasons upon which that decision seems to 
be grounded. It will be for the Grand Lodge to decide whether any, and if any, 
what further steps should be taken in this affair. 

" 'The rest of the communications before us, contain only the ordinary reports 
and interchanges of Masonic information, none of which seem to demand any 
particular notice from this committee.' 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 95 

"A communication from E. C. Berry was presented and read, and 
" On motion of Bro. Wattles, it was 

"Ordered, That the said communication, with the accompanying documents, be 
referred to a committee of three. 
"Ordered, That the committee consist of Bros. Wattles, West, and T. C. Brown. 

" On motion of Bro. D. G. Master, 

" Resolved, That all members of this Grand Lodge shall be only entitled to one 
vote as such, and one as representative from subordinate Lodges, when serving 
as such.* 

''The Grand Lodge then proceeded to ballot for officers of the Grand 
Lodge, for the ensuing year,- when the following persons were declared 
duly elected : James Hall, M. W. G. M; John Y. Sawyer, R. W. G. S. 
W.: Benjamin Mills, R. W. G. J. W.; Wm. H. Brown, R. W. G. S.; James 
0. Wattles, R. W. G. T. 

" On motion of Bro. J. 0. Wattles, 

" Resolved, That the installation of the officers elect, take place on to-morrow 
evening. 

" Ordered, That this Grand Lodge stand adjourned until to-morrow evening at 
7 o'clock. 

"BENJAMIN MILLS, G. S. pro tern. 

" R. W. GRAND LODGE, January 5, A. L. 5826. 

" The Grand Lodge opened pursuant to adjournment. 

"Present: The same officers and members aslast evening, with the 
addition of Bro. Richard J. Hamilton, Bro. Webb, and Wm. H. Brown, 
Grand Secretary. 

" The Grand Lodge was then dispensed with, and a Lodge of Past 
Masters then opened, when the following Grand officers were duly in- 
stalled, viz : 

" Bro. James Hall, M. W. G. M.; Bro. John Y. Sawyer, R. W. G. S. W.; 
Bro. Benjamin Mills, R. W. G. J. W.; James 0. Wattles, R. W. G. Treas- 
urer; William H. Brown, R. W. G. Secretary, by the M. W. Shadrach 
Bond, P. G. M., aided by the R. W. D. G. M., Henry H. Snow ; when the 
Lodge of Past Master Masons was dispensed with, and a Lodge of Mas- 
ter Masons was opened, the grand officers in their respective places. 

" On motion of Bro. Wattles, 

" Resolved. That a Grand Orator be appointed to deliver an address to this 
Grand Lodge and the public, at the next annual communication of this Grand 
Lodge. 

" On motion of Bro. G. J. Warden, 

" Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire what articles are ne- 
cessary to be procured for the use of this Grand Lodge, and that they report to- 
morrow evening. 

" Ordered, That Breth. B. Mills, Wattles, and Hamilton be that committee. 

" The R. W. G. Lodge then adjourned till to-morrow evening at 7 
o'clock. 



* Which resolution was a plain violation of the Constitution, which provided 
that each Lodge should be entitled to three votes. 



94 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

ings in relation to resolutions from the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire and 
New York, proposing the erection of a monument at Mt. Vernon, to the memory 
of our illustrious Bro. G. Washington. A communication from the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri, containing a report of their proceedings in the cases of Bros. \Vm. 
L. D. Ewing and E. C. Berry. A letter from the Grand Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge of New York. 

"' In the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky your committee find 
the following resolutions: 

" ' Resolved, That this Grand Lodge recognize the M. W. Grand Lodge of Illi- 
nois, and that Bro. Grand Secretary correspond with the said M. W. Grand 
Lodge, and transmit regularly an abstract of the proceedings of this Grand 
Lodge. 

"'Resolved. That any arrearages which may be due from any Lodge subordi- 
nate to this Grand Lodge, located in the State of Illinois, be, and the same are 
hereby remitted to said Lodge. 

'"Your committee, while they state with regret and surprise, that this is the 
only acknowledgment of the receipt by any Grand Lodge of the communications 
addressed to them, and the only formal notice of recognition, can not avoid 
expressing their sense of the candid and frank reception which our newly es- 
tablished Grand Lodge has met from our brethren in Kentucky, and their hope 
that this Grand Lodge will promptly acknowledge and reciprocate the brotherly 
feeling which has been thus evinced. 

" ' They also find a very fraternal letter from the Grand Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge of New York, expressing the surprise of the members of that Grand 
Lodge, at their not having received any communication from us of the causes 
and events which led to the establishment of this Masonic institution, and re- 
questing such information. This letter, in the opinion of your committee, is 
entitled to immediate attention, and should be referred for reply to the suitable 
officers of the Grand Lodge, either to the Grand Master or Grand Secretary. 

"' From the reports of several of the Grand Lodges before us, it appears that 
active exertions are in operation among the Craft, to obtain subscriptions for 
the erection of a Masonic monument to the memory of Washington, and that 
several of the Grand Lodges of the U. S. have adopted measures to effect this 
object. Your committee in noticing this subject can not withhold the expres- 
sion of their entire approbation of any measure which may evince our respect 
for the virtues, and affection for the name, of the illustrious chief, whom we have 
been proud to number among our brothers, and submit the further consideration 
thereof to the Grand Lodge. 

"'In reply to a memorial of this Grand Lodge to the Grand Lodge of Mis- 
souri, soliciting a reconsideration of the cases of Win. L. D. Ewing and Elijah 
C. Berry, we have received an abstract of their proceedings, by which it appears 
that Bro. Ewing has been restored to his Masonic privileges; but that in the 
opinion of that Grand Lodge, the case of E. C. Berry does not merit a recon- 
sideration. Your committee are aware of the delicacy of a further interference, 
on our part in relation to this subject; but they can not pass it over without re- 
marking that they are far from feeling satisfied, either with the decision of the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, or with the reasons upon which that decision seems to 
be grounded. It will be for the Grand Lodge to decide whether any, and if any, 
what further steps should be taken in this affair. 

''The rest of the communications before us, contain only the ordinary reports 
and interchanges of Masonic information, none of which seem to demand any 
particular notice from this committee.' 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 95 

"A communication from E. C. Berry was presented and read, and 
" On motion of Bro. Wattles, it was 

"Ordered, That the said communication, with the accompanying documents, be 
referred to a committee of three. 
"Ordered, That the committee consist of Bros. Wattles, West, and T. C. Brown. 

" On motion of Bro. D. G. Master, 

"Resolved, That all members of this Grand Lodge shall be only entitled to one 
vote as such, and one as representative from subordinate Lodges, when serving 
as such.* 

''The Grand Lodge then proceeded to ballot for officers of the Grand 
Lodge, for the ensuing year; when the following persons were declared 
duly elected : James Hall, M. W. G. Mj John Y. Sawyer, R. W. G. S. 
W.; Benjamin Mills, R. W. G. J. W.,- Wm. H. Brown, R. W. G. S.; James 
0. Wattles, R. W. G. T. 

" On motion of Bro. J. 0. Wattles, 

"Resolved, That the installation of the officers elect, take place on to-morrow 
evening. 

" Ordered, That this Grand Lodge stand adjourned until to-morrow evening at 
7 o'clock. 

"BENJAMIN MILLS, G. S. pro tern. 

" R. W. GRAND LODGE, January 5, A. L. 5826. 

" The Grand Lodge opened pursuant to adjournment. 

"Present: The same officers and members aslasfc evening, with the 
addition of Bro. Richard J. Hamilton, Bro. Webb, and Wm. H. Brown, 
Grand Secretary. 

" The Grand Lodge was then dispensed with, and a Lodge of Past 
Masters then opened, when the following Grand officers were duly in- 
stalled, viz : 

" Bro. James Hall, M. W. G. M.; Bro. John Y. Sawyer, R. W. G. S. W.; 
Bro. Benjamin Mills, R. W. G. J. W.; James 0. Wattles, R. W. G. Treas- 
urer; William H. Brown, R. W. G. Secretary, by the M. W. Shadrach 
Bond, P. G. M., aided by the R. W. D. G. M., Henry H. Snow ; when the 
Lodge of Past Master Masons was dispensed with, and a Lodge of Mas- 
ter Masons was opened, the grand officers in their respective places. 

" On motion of Bro. Wattles, 

" Resolved. That a Grand Orator be appointed to deliver an address to this 
Grand Lodge and the public, at the next annual communication of this Grand 
Lodge. 

" On motion of Bro. G. J. Warden, 

" Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire what articles are ne- 
cessary to be procured for the use of this Grand Lodge, and that they report to- 
morrow evening. 

" Ordered, That Breth. B. Mills, Wattles, and Hamilton be that committee. 

" The R. W. G. Lodge then adjourned till to-morrow evening at 7 
o'clock. 



* Which resolution was a plain violation of the Constitution, which provided 
that each Lodge should be entitled to three votes. 



96 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" R. "W. G. LODGE OP THE STATE OF ILLINOIS,) 
JANUARY 6, A. L. 5826. j 

" Present: M. W. James Hall, G. M.; R. W. Henry II. Snow, D. G. M.; 
R. W. John Y. Sawyer, G. S. W.; R. W. Benjamin Mills, G. J. W.; R. W. 
James 0. Wattles, G. T.; R. W. Wm. H. Brown, G. S.; Bro. R. H. Pee- 
bles, G. S. D.; Bro. 0. M. Ross, G. J. D.,pro tern.; Bro. Joseph Enos, G. 
Tyler. Visiting brethren, Jotham Jayne,* A. Philleo. 

" The R. W. G. J. Warden, from the committee appointed last evening, 
to ascertain what articles are necessary for the use of this Grand Lodge, 
made a report which was concurred in. The G. J. W. also presented an 
engraved seal, and the following note : 

"'Horatio Ball begs leave to present to the members of the Grand Lodge of 
the State of Illinois an engraved seal, which he forwards by J. O. Wattles, Esq. 
(Signed) "'HORATIO BALL. 

" ' VANDALIA, January Cth, 1826.' 

"On motion of Bro. Mills, 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this Grand Lodge be presented to Bro. Horatio 
Ball for the seal presented this Grand Lodge, and the same be adopted as the 
seal thereof. 

" On motion of Bro. Wattles, 

' Resolved, That any fees due by Bro. Ball, to this Grand Lodge, if any there 
be, be and the same are remitted. 

" Bro. Wattles, from the committee to whom was referred the reports 
of subordinate Lodges, made the following report : 

" ' That the following Lodges, to-wit : Olive Branch, Union, Vandalia, Palestine, 
Greene, Hiram, Illion, and Frontier, have made their annual reports,to the Grand 
Lodge, which appear satisfactory to the committee, so far as a disposition to 
conform to our regulations and the rules of Masonry, is manifested. But your 
committee feel constrained to say that in several of the communications there 
is much inaccuracy, and a failure to comply with all the regulations of the by- 
laws, and on the part of the several Lodges, a total neglect to comply with their 
provisions, either by making their reports or sending their dues. But your 
committee, believing this neglect to be owing to a want of information on the 
part of delinquent Lodges, than to willful neglect, beg leave to offer the follow- 
ing resolution: 

" Resolved, That Bro. Henry H. Snow be appointed an agent on the part of this 
Grand Lodge, whose duty it shall be to visit all the subordinate Lodges to in- 
troduce a uniform mode of working ; to examine the by-laws and proceedings 
of such Lodges; to settle the accounts of each with the Grand Lodge, and to 
'receive the balances due, and make report at the nest grand annual communi- 
cation. 

" Which report and resolution was concurred in. 
" On motion of Bro. Snow, 

" PcKo'ved, That this Grand Lodge disapprove of a resolution adopted in Olive 
Branch Lodge No. 4. on the day of their last election, allowing visiting brethren 
to vote in said election. 



"Gershom Jayne, of Sangamo Lodge. 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 97 

" The following appointments were made by the Grand Master : 
" Bro. Henry H. Snow, D. G. M.; Bro. Robert H. Peebles, G. S. D.; Bro. 
Erastus Brown, G. J. D.; Bro. E. J. West, G. Marshal ; Bro. Guy "W. 
Smith, G. S. B.; Bro. Charles Dunn, G. Pursuivant; Bro. Hart Fellows 
and Bro. John Whitaker, Grand Stewards; Bro. Joseph Enos, G. Tyler; 
Bro. Benjamin Mills, G. Orator. 

"The Lodge in the third degree of Masonry was dispensed with, and 
a Lodge of Past Master Masons opened, when Breth. Snow, Whiteaker, 
and Enos were duly installed in their respective offices. The Lodge of 
Past Master Masons was then dispensed with, and the Lodge in the third 
degree Masonry resumed; when the Grand Lodge adjourned till to- 
morrow evening at 7 o'clock. 

" WM. H. BROWN, <7. Secretary* 



" JANUARY 7, A. L. 582CV 

" The R. W. Grand Lodge opened pursuant to adjournment. 
" Present : M. W. James Hall, G. M.; R. W. Henry H. Snow, D. G. M.;: 
R. W. R. J. Hamilton, G. S. Vf.pro tern.; R. W. Benjamin Mills, G. J. 
W.; R. W. James 0. Wattles, G. T.; R. W. William Brown, G. S.; Bro. J. 
Whiteaker, G. J. D. pro tern.; Bro. E. J. West, G. M. Visiting brethren, 
and members L. M. Roberts, C. Slade, Diamond, and James. 

" Bro. Snow, from the committee to whom was referred the communi- 
cations from individuals, made the following recort, which was con- 
curred in : 

" ' To the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois : 

'"The committee, to whom was referred the communications from individuals 
addressed to this Grand Lodge, have had under consideration a communication 
from the Worshipful Master of Western Star Lodge No. 107, together with a pe- 
tition from a number of Master Masons residing in and near the town of Kas- 
kaskia, praying for letters of dispensation, and beg leave to make the following 
report: 

" ' The object of the communication is, to ask from this Grand Lodge a charter 
of constitution. It appears from documents in possession of your committee, 
that T. J, V. Owen is an officer of Western Star Lodge No. 107, and that he is 
also recommended as one of the officers of the proposed Lodge. Conceiving it 
incompatible with the general regulations of our institution, and contrary to the 
principles inculcated in the Book of Constitutions, that a Mason should be a 
member of more than one Lodge at the same time, your committee beg leave 
to offer the following resolution : 

" 'Rcsn'vc'l, That the prayer of the petitioners from Kaskaskia, praying for a 
dispensation or charter, ought not to be granted.' 

" Bro. West, from the committee to whom was referred the memorial 
of E. C. Berry, made the following report, accompanied with a resolu- 
tion : 

7 



98 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"'The committee to whom was referred the petition of E. C. Berry, with the 
accompanying documents, report that, after a careful examination of the sub- 
ject, they have arrived at the conclusion which they are about to submit : Your 
committee are fully aware of the delicacy with which the decision of a neigh- 
boring Grand Lodge deserves to be treated, and of the impropriety of adhering 
with too much pertinacity to our opinions. But from all the documents before 
them, they can not but believe that the petition had been treated unkindly in be- 
ing denied a re-consideration of proceedings which seem to them to have been 
irregular; and when it is recollected that the effect of this denial is to brand the 
character of tho petitioner with disgrace, and to exclude him forever from his 
Masonic privileges, they fetl it a duty incumbent on them to advise another 
effort on the part of this Grand Lodge in his behalf. In making this recommen- 
dation, your committee have taken into consideration the high standing of the 
petitioner as a citizen, his unblemished reputation as a man, the entire ab- 
sence of any offense in his Masonic or private deportment, other than that now 
under discussion. A character so fair (in all other respects) entitles the peti- 
tioner to an indulgent hearing on this occasion, and the sacredness of his situ- 
ation as the head of a numerous family, gives him an imposing claim as well 
upon the justice as the sympathy of his brethren. Your committee, therefore, 
while they freely disclaim any right on the part of this Grand Lodge to condemn 
the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, or any intention on their part 
so to do; and while they cheerfully concede the principle that the jurisdiction 
of that Grand Lodge over the subject matter is sole and sovereign, believe that 
the case of E. C. Berry imperiously calls for some further exertion in his behalf 
by this Grand Lodge. They, therefore recommend the adoption of the follow- 
ing resolution : 

"'Resolved, That a committee of two be appointed, whose duty it shall be to 
correspond with the Grand Lodge of Missouri upon the subject of the proceedings 
of the Vandalia Lodge and that Grand Lodge in the case of E. C. Berry, to ex- 
plain to them the views of this Grand Lodge, and to ask for such relief as they 
may deem right, and that Grand Lodge may be willing to concede.' 

" Which report and resolution were adopted. 

" Ordered, That Breth. Sawyer and West be that committee. 

" On motion of Bro. Brown, 

"Resolved, That a committee be appointed to take into consideration the ap- 
plication of Bro. John Diamond for relief, and report on Monday evening. 
" Ordered, That Breth. Snow and Whiteaker be that committee, 

" Bro. Snow, from the committee to whom was referred the reports of 
subordinate Lodges, and the application of brethren residing in and near 
the county of Pike for a charter, made a report that the prayer of the 
petitioners ought to be granted, which report was concurred in. 

" On motion of Bro. West, 

" Resolved, That the R. W. Grand Secretary of the R. W. Grand Lodge be and 
he is hereby required to deliver over to the committee appointed by this Grand 
Lodge, to correspond with the Grand Lodge of Missouri in case of E. C. Berry, 
all the papers, records, and documents relative thereto; and that the committee 
return the same to this Grand Lodge, together with the correspondence and re- 
port, at its next grand annual communication. 

" The Grand Lodge then adjourned until Tuesday evening, at 7 o'clock. 

" WM. H. BROWN, G. Secretary. 



HISTORY OF MASONEY IN ILLINOIS. 09 

"TUESDAY EVENING, January 10, A. L. 582(5. 

" The R. W. Grand Lodge of Illinois convened pursuant to adjournment. 

" Present: M. W. James Hall, G. M.: R. W. J. Y. Sawyer, G. S. W.; 
R. W. Benjamin Mills, G. J. W.; R. W. William H. Brown, G. Secretary ; 
Bro. R. H. Peebles, G. S. D.; Bro. 0. M. Ross, G. J. D., pro tern.; Bro. 
Joseph Enos, G. Tyler. Visiting brethren and members, Breth. Webb, 
Phillips, Whiteaker, West, D. Prickett, Wright, Ball, Newhall, Wilton, 
D. Blackwell, and T. C. Browne. 

"The committee to whom we're referred the application of Bro. John 
Diamond for relief, reported that the applicant was worthy of relief, but 
from the situation of the funds of this Grand Lodge, they reported the 
following resolution, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That a private subscription be opened for the relief of our said 
Bro. John Diamond, and that the members of this Grand Lodge, and other Ma- 
sons, be requested to aid to the relief of Bro. Diamond. 

" Bro. Snow, from the Committee on Subordinate Lodges, made the 
following report, which was accompanied with a resolution : 

"'The committee to whom was referred the returns of subordinate Lodges, 
beg leave to report that the dispensation granted Illion Lodge No. 12 and Fron- 
tier Lodge No. 13, in the recess, have been returned, together with their by-laws 
and copies of their proceedings under that dispensation ; that they received 
their dispensations and acted under them for the first time on the 3d day of De- 
cember, 1825, and that their by-laws and proceedings appear to have been correct 
and strictly conformable to Masonic usage, with one exception. It is the opinion 
of your committee that the brethren of that Lodge have advanced candidates from 
one degree to another, and even for initiation with too much rapidity, thereby 
leaving too little time either to become acquainted with the lectures in the pre- 
ceding degree, or for a strict inquiry into the character of the applicants. They 
therefore beg leave to offer the following resolution: 

"'Resolved, That this Grand Lodge disapproves of the practice of advancing 
candidates to any degree until they shall have acquired a competent knowledge 
of the preceding degree. 

" 'Resolved, That a charter be granted to Frontier Lodge No. 13 and Illion Lodge 
No. 12. 

" Which resolution was adopted, and the report agreed to. 

"The petition of Bro. George Webb, praying an investigation into 
certain charges preferred by Bro. Webb against Bro. James 0. Wattles 
for unmasonic conduct, was read, and on motion of Bro. G. S. Warden, 

" Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be required to furnish Bro. Wattles a 
copy of the charges preferred against him by Bro. George Webb, and that a sum- 
mons issue against Bro. Wattles, requiring him to appear before the next regular 
annual communication of this Grand Lodge, to answer the charges aforesaid, 
preferred by Bro. Webb. 

"On motion of Bro. Brown, 

" Resolved, That a charter be granted to Illion Lodge No. 12 and Frontier Lodge 
No. 13, upon payment of the sum due by the by-laws for the issuing of a charter, 
with the fees due the officers for the dispensations and charters of these Lodges 
respectively. 



100 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"On motion of Bro. Mills, and amended by Bro. West, 

" 'Resolved, That HO much of the 8th section of the By-Laws of this Grand 
Lodge as requires the payment of one dollar from visiting brethren be, and the 
same is hereby repealed, and that from and after the adoption of this resolution 
seventy-five cents only shall be exacted only, in lieu of that sum in that part of 
the By-Laws of this R. W. Grand Lodge, hereby repealed, mentioned. 



"On motion of Bro. Snow, 




On motion, 

" Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be authorized to pay the account of Bro. 
Grand Tyler for his services and necessaries furnished this Grand Lodge at its 
present grand annual communication. 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this R. W. Grand Lodge be presented to the 
Honorable Senate for the accommodation furnished the Grand Lodge, in the use 
of their chamber, during the present grand annual communication. 

'' No further business appearing before the Grand Lodge, it was closed 
in peace and harmony. 

" WILLIAM II. BROWN, Grand Secretary." 



The Lodges which at this time were working under the jurisdiction of 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois, were Western Star No. 1, Laurence No. 2, 
Libanus No. 3, Olive Branch No. 4, Vandalia No. 5, Union No. 6, Eden 
No. 7, Hiram No. 8, Albion No. 9, Palestine No. 10, Greene No. 11, Illion 
No. 12, Frontier No. 13, LaFayette No. 14, Sangamon No. 15. 

The Lodges were located as follows: No. 1, at Kaskaskia; No. 2, at 
Shawneetown ; No. 3, at Edwardsville ; No. 4, at Upper Alton ; No. 5, at 
Vandalia; No. 6, at Jonesboro; No. 7, at Covington; No. 9, at Albion; 
No. 11, at Carrollton; No. 13, at Lewistown (Fulton co.), and No. 15, at 
fc pringfield. As to the location of Nos. 8, 10, 12, and 14, we have no 
knowledge, and only know that such Lodges did exist. We can obtain 
no information regarding them whatever. 

For some cause to us at this time unknown, the charter of Sangamon 
Lodge was arrested by the Grand Lodge of Missouri. We have in our 
possession two communications from brethren then residing at Spring- 
field, which we present. The probable cause for the arresting of this 
charter was the failure of the Lodge to ask dismissal from the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, and failure to pay its dues thereto. Bro. CONSTANT, 
who signed the first letter, was at the time Master of the Lodge : 

"SPRINGFIELD, SANGAMON COUNTY, ILLINOIS, June 26th 1826. 

" DR. SIR: I am informed that the charter is taken from the Springfield Lodge, 
and that the members will be expelled, in consequence of their not paying up their 
dues. I just lernt from some of the members that at a meeting of part of the 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 101 

Lodge last Spring, they agreed to pay their proportion of the amount due the 
Grand Lodge, on condition the Grand Lodge would not expell them. This, to 
me, is extraordinary proceedings. Mr. Broadwell and myself paid between six 
and seven dollars each to members of the Lodge who had paid out money for 
our charter. I have paid my dues regular, and when I was Master of the Lodge, 
I still continued to pay my dues, although I was not bound so to do. Mr. Broad- 
well has been very punctual in paying his dues, when he could attend our meet- 
ings. The reason I mention Mr. Broadwell is, he was away from home, and have 
just returned, and perhaps he has not yet heard of the proceeding of a part of 
the members of this Lodge. You will find by examining the Lodge books that 
the Lodge stands charged with the amount due Mr. Broadwell and myself, and 
I suspect there is money in the hands of (* * * * *) belonging to the 
Lodge, unless you drew it out when last here: Is it just under those circum- 
stances that we should be expelled and those members excused, when the Lodge 
was indebted to us more than our proportion of the dues due the Grand Lodge, 
and all this done without my having any knowledge of it until after the Grand 
Lodge had their Spring session. None of the members will dare deny but that 
I have as great exertion as any other member, if not the greatest, to keep up the 
credit of the Lodge, uiifl I can't think I have been treated as I ort to of been. 
I would of paid my portion of the dues at any time, and urged it often while 1 
was Master of the Lodge, but all did not appear to be disposed to pay anything 
out of their pockets towards paying that debt. You will confer a favour to inform 
me what is done, and how I shall proceed to get clear of the difficulty I have got 
into by the misconduct of others. Please write as soon as possible, as I have to 
go a trip to Ohio in September. 

" Respectfully yours, 

"THOS. CONSTANT. 
" Mr. G. H. C. MELODY, W. G. M." 

Bro. LATHAM, who signs the second letter, was one of the petitioners 
for the dispensation. 

"SPRINGFIELD, 28th June, 182G. 

" DEAR SIR AND BROTHER: I have been informed that the charter is taken from 
Sangamon Lodge, and my name is among a list of the members. I merely 
became a member for the establishment of the Lodge, after which I considered 
myself as not being a member, and requested of the Lodge not to consider me 
as such on account of my deafness I could receive no satisfaction in sitting in 
the Lodge. I therefore wish that I may be excused from expulsion, iu case your 
Lodge should expel any of the members. 

" Respectfully yours, 

" JAMES LATHAM. 
"Secretary of the Grand Lodge, St. Louis, Mo. 

" N. B. Please, if my excuse is considered insufficient, let me know before 
you proceed in the business. I did not sign my name to the bye-laws, but it 
was done without my consent. 

"JAMES LATHAM." 

Of all the Lodges heretofore enumerated, we have no further know- 
ledge, with the exceptions of Western Star and Olive Branch. 

That Olive Branch Lodge was in existence late in 1826, papers in the 
hands of the historian go to prove. These papers are not of sufficient 



102 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

importance to reproduce here, but they are of importance, insomuch as 
they establish the existence of the Lodge. They consist of the original 
petition for initiation of Matthew Johnson, dated January 31, 1826 ; the 
report of a committee appointed to procure a suitable conveyance for 
Bro. Hanson, to Pike county; Tyler's bill, dated Oct. 9th, and the peti- 
tion of Bro. H. S. Summers, for a demit dated Oct. 14th, 1826. 

The Grand lodge met in 1827, on the 3d day of January. The only 
copy of the proceedings which were known to be extant, were destroyed 
by the fire which consumed the archives of the Grand Lodge of Ken- 
tucky. We extract from the " History of Masonry in Kentucky," pub- 
lished by Bro. A. G. Hodges, the following information regarding that 
meeting : 

"The state of Masonry, it was said, presented the most flattering and encour- 
aging prospects. The changes proposed by the Grand Lodge of Maine, in ad- 
mitting mutilated persons, was viewed with solicitude; and it was decided 
that no one thus made should be recognized in Illinois. Reports of suspen- 
sions, expulsions, and rejections, should no longer be made public. Six Lodges 
were represented." 

Western Star Lodg-5 still continued to exist, and experienced con- 
siderable difficulty in severing its connection with the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania. The permission granted by that Grand Lodge, to affili- 
ate with the Grand Lodge of Illinois, was not acted upon until the 27th 
of January, 1827, when the following action was had : 

" EXTRA MEETING OF THE WESTERN STAR LODGE No. 107, \ 
KASKASKIA, Saturday, Jan. 27th, A. D. 1827, A. L.5827. j 

" Present: C. C. Con way, W. M.; L. W. Cooper, S. W.; Th. J. V. Owen, J. W. 
and Tyler p. t., and J. D. p. t,; Wm. C. Greenup, Secretary ; P. Fouke, Tr. p. t.; 
Jacob Feamon, S. D.; Shadrach Bond, P. Master. John Atkins, visiting brother 
M. M. The Lodge was solemnly opened in the first step of Masonry, according 
to ancient form. 

" No business appearing in the first [degree] of Masonry, it was closed, and a 
Fellow Crafts Lodge was opened, and no business appearing before the Lodge in 
the Fellow Crafts Lodge, it was closed and a Master Masons Lodge was opened. 

"The Worshipful Master laid before the Lodge a copy of the resolutions of 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, adopted on the 21st November, A. L>. 1825, 
authorizing the Right W. Grand Master to grant permission to this Lodge to 
surrender its warrant and procure another under the Right Worshipful Grand 
Lodge of Illinois, when he shall be satisfied that all practicable collections and 
payments shall be made, accompanied by the assent of the R. W. Grand Mas- 
ter, bearing date the 30th November last, and a letter from the Grand Secretary 
of the IGth of December last, which were severally read. 

" On motion of Bro. Wm. C. Greenup, and seconded by Bro. Bond, it was 
unanimously 

"Resolved, That application he immediately made by the Worshipful Master 
of this Lodge, to the Right Worshipful Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois, for a warrant or charter under that Grand Lodge, and that when at- 
tained, that the present warrant of this Lodge, under the Grand Lodge of 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 103 

IVnnsylviinia, be surrendered to the Right Worshipful Grand Master of the 
lirund" Lodge of Illinois, with a request that he transmit the same to the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, and inform that Grand Lodge of the new installation of 
this Lodge. 

" Re>olvc'l, That it be recommended to the Bight Worshipful Grand Master 
of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, that the name of this Lodge be called in the 
new warrant 'The Western Star Lodge.' 

" Resoloctl, As the opinion of this Lodge that the warrant now asked from the 
Grand Lodge of Illinois, ought to be given gratis, except the Grand Secretaries 
foes for making out the warrant, which this Lodge will cause to be paid at the 
time of installation. 

" Resolved, That this Lodge, will state by ballot at the present meeting, suit- 
able members to be named in the new warrant, and recommends them to be 
named as Master and Wardens. 

" !i ,')! oed. That a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be made out and 
certified by the Secretary and transmitted by the Worshipful Master, together 
with copies of the last communication from the Secretary of the Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania, to the Right Worshipful Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois. 

"A petition was received from Bro. Jacob Feamon, praying to demit from 
this Lodge, which being read, on motion and seconded, said brother has leave to 
demit from this Lodge, he having paid up all his dues. 

"The Lodge then, pursuant to the 4th resolution, adopted at this meeting, 
proceeded to choose by ballot, suitable members to be recommended as fit per- 
sons to be named as Master and Wardens in the warrant to be applied for from 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois, and the same being severally taken, Bro. Shadrach 
Bond was chosen Master, William C. Greenup, Senior Warden, and Thomas J. V. 
Owen, Junior Warden. 

"The Lodge closed in due order and harmony, &c. 

" WM. C. GREENUP, 

"Secretary." 

Accompanying this was the following letter, addressed to Bro. Snow, 
then Deputy Grand Master, and acting Grand Master: 

" KASKASKIA, Feb. oth, 1827. 
"Right Worshipful Sir and Brnther: 

"'You will perceive by the p/ . eding copies of the minutes of the late special 
meeting of the Western Star Lodge No. 107, and the copies of the resolutions of 
the R. W. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, the declaration of the R. W. Grand 
Master of that Grand Lodge, and the letter of the Grand Secretary, I am directed 
to transmit them to you and apply for a new warrant from the R. W. Grand 
Lodge of Illinois. 

" In November a memorial was transmitted by the Master and Wardans of 
this Lodge and laid before the R. W. Grand Lodge of Illinois, at the last Grand 
Communication, requesting a resolution to be passed authorizing the issue of a 
warrant to this Lodge gratis, Secretaries fees excepted, which resolution was 
passed as I arn informed by a member (by letter) authorizing you to grant the 
same upon bein^ satisfied that the R. W. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania con- 
sented thereto. That consent we now have, and the foregoing is a true copy. 

" ' The resolutions of this Lodge contain, as far as occurs to me, the views and 
desires of the Lodge, except a request of the members expressed to me of hav- 
ing an early installation, and if consistent, in as public a manner as the case will 
permit. It would afford us particular pleasure if you could find it convenient 
to be personally present, and that we could have certain previous information 
of the time, so that soiiie preparations may be made to afford time to invite as 
many of the craft to be present as circumstances may permit. 



101 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" I shall esteem it a particular favor to receive from you as early as you can 
find it convenient, an answer containing your determinations. 

"i am with due respect, your obedient servant and brother, 

"\VM. C. GREEXIT. 
" R. W. Bro. H. H. SNOW." 

The Grand Lodge was in existence in the year 1828, as is evident 
from a paper which we here present: 

"KASKASKIA, April 10, 18^0. 

"Sin: The Grand Lodge of Illinois having granted a warrant to the members 
of W. S. Lodge No. 107, formerly held under the Grand Lodge of Illinois, and 
the new Lodge having been installed on the 21th June last, I herewith enclose 
you the warrant of Lodge No. 107. 

"CLEMENT C. CONWAY, 

"Late W. M. W. S. Lodge 107. 
" To the R. W. Grand Sec. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania." 

From this time, until 1835, all is a blank as regards Freemasonry in 
Illinois. Fiery persecutions came, brother was arrayed against brother, 
foul-mouthed slander stalked abroad; enmity was engendered in the 
hearts of the people, and if those who held firmly to the teachings of the 
Fraternity held any meetings whatever, it was done so secretly, and in 
such manner, that the outside world knew nothing of it. 

The Grand Lodge went down, and with it, its constitution. The last 
to doff its armor, was Western Star, the Alpha of Freemasonry in Illinois 
and Missouri, and for the time the Omega, as far as our own State is 
concerned. 

Had the brethren, with that patience which characterized Masons 
during those stormy years, held on only three or four years longer, th e 
Lodge which was organized in the year 1805 would to-day rank among 
the Lodges of not the weak Grand Lodge of 1826, but the strong, healthy, 
matured giant of 1868, the fourth Grand Lodge on the face of the earth. 
But alas ! 

" The best laid plans of mice and men gang aft aglee." 



BODLEY LODGE. 

This Lodge (now No. 1 on our register) was named after Thomas 
Bodley, who was one of the three representatives of Lexington Lodge 
No. 1, in the convention, September 8th, 1800, which organized the Grand 
Lod^e of Kentucky, and was clerk of the convention. He was ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Grand Lodge Oct. 16, 1800, at which time he 
was Senior Warden of Lexington Lodge. February 9th he was appointed 
Grand Secretary, pro tern., in the absence of James Russell, Gr. Sc n 'y, at 
which time he represented Lexington Lodge as Master. He was Grand 
Secretary at the October session of 1801, and also served as Junior 



HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 103 

Grand Warden pro tern,, in the absence of C. L. Clarke. He was then ap- 
pointed Grand Secretary, and appeared as such at the April and October 
sessions of 1802, in which year he was re-appointed, being succeeded in 
1803 by Daniel Bradford. He was one of the clerks of the convention 
which met December 13th, 1793, which recommended to the United 
States government the seizure and control of the Mississippi river, alleg- 
ing that as Spain was then engaged in a war which taxed all her 
energies, the seizure of the Spanish country might be easily made, and 
easily held. 

On December 6th, 1834, Breth. Daniel Harrison, Daniel Whipple, 
Henry King, Samuel W. Rogers, J. N. Ralston, Joshua Streeter, John 
Wood, Hiram Rogers, H. L. Montandon, A. Miller, Henry Asbury, J. T. 
Holmes, Nathaniel Pease, Michael Most, Salmon Cogswell, Richard M. 
Young, and Samuel Alexander, met at Quincy, for the purpose of taking 
into consideration the propriety of establishing a Lodge. As to the 
transactions at that meeting, we will use the words of the record : 

" On motion it was unanimously 

" Resolved, that a petition be sent to the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, praying the 
grant of a Dispensation, or a Charter for a Lodge, and that Brother Daniel Har- 
rison be recommended as Master; Bros. Daniel Whipple and H. King, Wardens. 

"Whereupon a petition was drawn up, and signed by the following 
Breth., viz : [The names are those already given.] 
" And it was 

" Resolved, that each Brother pay to Daniel Harrison the sum of two dollars, to 
be appropriated towards paying the expenses of said Dispensation or Charter." 

"After which the convention adjourned sine die." 

Nothing further was done until the 19th of October, 1835, nearly one 
year after the meeting of the above convention. On that day the follow- 
ing record was made : 

" Notice having been given that the Grand Lodge of Kentucky had at 
t.heir annual communication, held in Louisville, on the 31st day of 
August, A. L. 5835, granted a Dispensation for a Lodge to be held in 
Quincy, 111., to be styled Bodley Lodge U. D., to continue one year, and 
that the R. W. Richard Apperson G. M. G. L. K. had deputised Bro. 
H. H. Snow to install the several officers named in the said warrant 
of Dispensation, to set the Craft to work, <fcc ; and that October 19, A. L. 
1835, had been appointed for that purpose, the brethren met agreeably 
to appointment. 

" Present : Daniel Harrison, Henry King, J. M. Whitney, J. Harris, J. 
T. Holmes, H. Rogers, Michael Most, J. N. Ralston and Henry Asbury. 
The several officers were then duly installed by Bro. II. H. Snow, as fol- 
lows : Daniel Harrison, W. M. ; J. M. Whitney, S. W., pro tern.; 
Henry King, J. W.; J. T. Holmes, Treas. : H. Rogers, Sec.; J. N. Ralston, 
S. D.; Michael Most, J. D.; Henry Asbury, Tyler. 



106 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" The Lodge being opened in the Entered Apprentice's degree, on mo- 
tion it was 

"Resolved, That the Worshipful Master appoint a committee of four, to draft a 
code of by-laws, and report the same at our next meeting. 

"Bros. Holmes, Ealston, King, and Rogers were appointed said com- 
mittee. 

" No further business appearing, the Lodge was closed, to meet again 
Nov. 3, at 6 o'clock P. M." 

The "J. M. Whitney" alluded to in this record, was J. W. "Whitney, 
formerly of Olive Branch Lodge, and then living in Pike county. Of the 
others, we have been unable to obtain any information as to where they 
were made. Bros. Asbury and John Wood are, we believe, the only 
brethren living who assisted in the formation of Bodley Lodge. 

" Meetings were held November 3d, at which Bro. Whitney was in- 
troduced as a member of LaFayette Lodge No. , and appointed S. 

W. pro tern. The committee on by-laws reported, and their report was 
adopted, but no record of the by-laws appears ,- on December 5th, at which 
no business was transacted, and on December 26, at which meeting the 
following officers were elected : S. Alexander, Treas.; S. W. Rogers, 
Sec.; H. Rogers, S. D.; J. N. Ralston, J. D., and A. Miller and S. Cogges- 
well, Stewards. During the year 1836, meetings were held as follows : 

January 2d. At which no business was transacted. 

February 7th. At which the petitions of Lytle Griffin for initiation, 
and James Murphy and J. W. Whitney, for affiliation, were received. 

March 5th. Bro. Whitney was affiliated, Lytle Griffin elected, and 
petition of James Murphy laid over. 

April 2nd. Bro. Murphy's petition again laid over, and initiation of 
Lytle Griffin postponed, for want of a suitable room. 

April 12th. Lytle Griffin was initiated, Bro. Henry King presiding. 

May 7th. Petition of James Murphy again laid over, and Griffin 
elected for, and passed to the second degree. 

June 5th. Bro. S. Coggeswell was elected Tyler. 

June 14th. Griffin raised. 

June 24th. The Lodge proceeded to the Congregational church, where 
a sermon was delivered by the Rev. P. Boring, after which they returned 
to the lodge-room, where the petitions of A. W. Harris, Charles Brown, 
and J. C. Downer, for affiliation, and James McClain, for initiation, were 
received. 

July 2nd. Petition of Harrison Dills received, and the Lodge unamin- 
ously resolved to petition the Grand Lodge for a charier. James 
McClain initiated, and petition of Louis Bigwood received. 

July 25th. The Lodge buried with Masonic honors the remains of 
Brother Nathaniel Pease. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 107 

August 6th. Harrison Dills and Louis Bigwood initiated. Petition 
of Anthony Tuslin, a Fellow Craft, received, he elected and raised. 
James McClain passed. Committee on petitions for affiiliation, received 
at meeting of June 24th, were granted further time. Petitions of Henry 
L. Simmons and Thomas Carter received. 

On the 22d October, the charter was received, and accepted. This 
charter was granted to them as Bodley Lodge No. 97. Louis Bigwood 
was examined in ope.n Lodge, elected and passed to the degree of Fellow 
Craft. 

November 5th. Petitions of E. Conyers and Martin Ladnor for initia- 
tion, Joseph Orr for second degree, and E. Turner for affiliation were 
received. Thomas Carter and H. L. Simmons, initiated. Harrison Dills 
passed, James McClain raised, James Murphy affiliated, and one hundred 
copies by-laws ordered to be printed. 

December 3d. Martin Ladnor and Enoch Conyers initiated. H. 
King demitted. Breth. Brown and Turner affiliated. Petitions of T. 
Monroe and J. Grant, for affiliation, and John G. Driskill, for initiation, 
received, and Louis Bigwood raised. 

December 6th. Brother Samuel Alexander was buried with Masonic 
honors, and resolutions of sorrow and regret passed. 

December 27th. Breth. Monroe and Grant affiliated, and officers as 
follows elected : J. N. Ealston, W. M.; H. Rogers, S. W.; D. Harrison, 
J. W.; A. Miller, Treas.; H. Ashbury, Sec.; James Murphy, S. D.; J. Grant, 
J. D.; and S. Cogswell, Steward and Tyler. 

FRANKLIN LODGE. 

" On the 25th day of August, 1836, Breth. Harvey S. Summers, John A. 
Maxsey, Alexander Hart, Henry P. Rundel, Benjamin Walker, Wm. 
Wilkinson, Jacob Smith, and J. C. Bruner, petitioned the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri for a new Lodge at Alton, to be named Franklin. This 
petition was recommended by St. Louis Lodge No. 20, and a dispensa- 
tion, in the usual form, signed by John D. Daggett, Dep. Grand Master, 
and Richard B. Dallam, Grand Secretary, was issued on the 9th of De- 
cember, 1836. 

"Alexander Hart was named as Master; Benjamin Walker, Senior; 
and Jacob C. Bruner, Junior Wardens. 

" Of these brethren, Hart, Summers, Rundel, and Walker, we recog- 
nize as former members of Olive Branch Lodge. Bro. Bruner was a 
member of Libanus Lodge. 

Of the proceedings of this Lodge during the year 1836, we have no 
record. 



CHAPTER X. 



1837. 



BODLEY LODGE No. 97. 

January 7. Petitions of Colman Talbot, J. W. Chenoweth, and Wil- 
liam Jacobs received. Enoch Conyers and Thomas Carter passed, and 
Breth. Miller, Ralston and Asbury, were appointed a committe to con- 
fer with the trustees of the Methodist church, and see upon what terms 
the Lodge would be allowed to fit up a room in the "garret" of said 
church, for Masonic purposes, and also to make same inquiry of the 
County Commissioners as to the Court House, then building. 

February 4th. 2 o'clock P. M. Petition of Colman Talbot withdrawn. 
J. "W. Chenoweth initiated. Petition of A. G. Driskill [John G.] with- 
drawn. Petition of John Woolffor initiation, received. H. L. Simmons 
passed, and Harrison Dills raised. 

February 18th. Thomas Carter and Enoch Conyers raised. 

April 15th. A. W. Harris affiliated. 

April 21st. Petition of Stephen Tusliu received. J. "W. Chenoweth 
passed, and H. L. Simmons raised. 

May 1st. Stephen Tuslin affiliated. Petition of John H. Holton for 
affiliation received. J. W. Chenowith raised. 

The following was passed: 

" Resolved, That the members of this Lodge celebrate the anniversary of St. 
John the Baptist, and that Bros. Jnnies Murphy, James McClain, S. W. Rogers, 
J. N. Ralston, and Thorns Carter be the committe of arrangements, with full 
power to provide a dinner, an orator and a preacher to officiate on said occasion ; 
to invite our brothers of Palmyra and elsewhere to attend ; and most respect- 
fully to invite the ladies, to partake of the festivities of the occasion; in short, 
all acts for the comfort, convenience, and good order of the occasion." 



The following was also passed : 

"Resolved, That a committee of tl; 
lodges in this state are organized, j: 
ilinois, to be held in the town of Qu 

Breth. Asbury, Young, and Rogers were appointed. 



"Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to ascertain how many 
Lodges in this state are organized, preparatory to orgai,;:'.ing a Grand Lodge of 
Illinois, to be held in the town of Quincv." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. KM) 

June 3rd. J. H. Holton affiliated. The resolution regarding celebra- 
tion of St. John's day, was "rescinded," and an invitation from Palmyra 
accepted. 

July 1st. John Woolf passed, and officers elected as follows: Henry 
Asbury, W. M.; E. Turner, S. W.; H. Dills, J. W.; A. Miller, Treas.; J. 
N. Ralston, Sec.; L. Griffin, S. D.; Jas. McClain, J. D.; H. L. Simmons, 
Tyler. 

August 5th. John "Woolf raised, and Harrison Dills appointed a com- 
mittee to procure a lock for the outer door.. 

September 2nd. Petitions of James H. Luce and William S. Walton, 
presented by Bro. Dills, and received. Bretti. Eogers and Dills were ap- 
pointed a committee to inform a certain brother that the "Lodge had 
witnessed with pain his habits of intemperance, and that the said com- 
mittee admonish him of his errors in a brotherly manner." 

October 7th. James H. Luce initiated, and A. W. Harris demitted. 

December 2d. James H. Luce passed. 

December 27th. Petitions of Joseph Kelly, John G. Driskill, James 
S. Logan, and P. W. Martin received. Breth Ralston, Rogers, Cheno- 
weth, Tuslin, and Miller were appointed a committee to nominate 
officers for the ensuing six months. James H. Luce raised. The com- 
mittee on nominations reported "that after duly considering upon the 
subject they believe it will better comport with our by-laws, to have 
some brother in open Lodge, to nominate any one he may think proper." 
The election resulted in the choice of the following : J. N. Ralston, W. 
M.; J. H. Holton, S. W.; L. Griffin, J. W.; A. Miller, Treas.; Henry As- 
bury, Sec.; H. Rogers, S. D.: H. Dills, J. D.; L. Bigwood, Steward and 
Tyler. 

FRANKLIN LODGE. 
The only record we have relating to Franklin Lodge, is the following : 

" FRAXKLIX LODGE, ALTOX, ILLINOIS, ) 
April 18th, A. D. 1837, A. L. 5837. / 

" la open Lodge, working in the third degree of Masonry. 

" Brother Worshipful Alexander Hart tendered his resignation as Master of 
this Lodge, which was accepted, subject to the consent of the M. W. G. Lodge. 

" Brother Benjamin Walker, Senior Warden, tendered his resignation, which 
was accepted, subject to the consent of the M. W. Grand Lodge. 

' On motion, 

" Resolved, That the Lodge now proceed to the election of' Worshipful Master 
and Senior Warden, to fill the vacancies occasioned by the resignation of Bros. 
Hart and Walker. 

" Whereupon a ballot was taken, and Brother Charles Howard was duly elected 
Worshipful Master, and Brother Henry P. Bundle was duly elected Senior 
Warden. 

" On motion, 



110 HISTOEY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to transmit to the officers of the 
Most Worshipful Grand Lodge at St. Louis, respectfully soliciting their advice 
and consent to the appointment of Brother Charles Howard, Worshipful Master; 
Brother Henry P. Rundel, Senior Warden, and that Brother Jacob C. Bruner be 
continued Junior Warden of their Lodge.' 

" I, Samuel C. Pierce, Secretary of Franklin Lodge, at Alton Illinois, working 
under a dispensation from the M. W. Grand Lodge, of the State of Missouri, do 
certify that the foregoing is a true copy from the proceedings of said Lodge. 

"Given under my hand and private seal, as Secretary, this 19th day of April, 
A. D. 1837, A. L. 5S37. 

"S. C. PIERCE, Secretary." 

Upon receipt of this, a new dispensation, signed by S. W.-Bv.Carnegy, 
Grand Master, and Richard B. Dallatn, Grand Secretary, wi^s issued, 
bearing date May 10th, 1837, and in which Charles Howard was\named 
as W. M., Henry P. Rundel, S. W., and Jacob C. Bruner, J. W. Of this 
Lodge, we have no records for 1837. ^~ 

JACKSONVILLE HARMONY LODGE. 

On the third day of October 1837, a petition for a Lodge at Jackson- 
ville, Illinois, signed by thirteen brethren, was presented to St. Louis 
Lodge No. 20, for recommendation, which was granted. 

This petition was signed as follows : 

"John T. Jones, late of Miami No. 45, Ohio; W. B. Warren, late of 
Mt. Vernon No. 14, Kentucky; A. Dunlap, late of Murray -No. 35, Ken- 
tucky; Wm. S. Vance, late of Murray No. 35, Kentucky; P. Coffman, 
late of Davis No. 22, Lex., Ky.; James L. James, late of Brearly 
Lodge No. 9, New Jersey; Samuel M. Prosser, late of Mt. Olivet, Va.; 
George Henry, late of Lexington No. 1, Kentucky; Mat. Stacy, Hopkins- 
ville, Ky.; George Hackett, Illion No. 24, 111.; Benj. Harvey, late of 
Lexington No. 1, Kentucky; Richard Henry, late of Lexington No. 1, 
Kentucky : Dennis Rockwell, Illion No. 24, Illinois." 

Bro. John T. Jones was named as Master, W. B. Warren as S. W., 
and Alexander Dunlap as J. W. Although this dispensation was recom- 
mended on the 3rd day of October, 1837, it was not received until No- 
vember 30, 1838. 

EQUALITY LODGE. 

The petition for the dispensation for Egualitv.. Lodge is not .in existence, 
having been destroyed by the fire in which the records of the Grand 
Lodge of Kentucky were consumed. The first meeting of this Lodge was 
held April 7th, 1837. 

We will present the record of the first meeting entire : 
" Pursuant to a dispensation granted by Wm. Brown, Jr., Grand Mas- 
ter of the Grand Lodge of the State of Kentucky, bearing date the 

day of , A. D. 1836, A. L. 5836, granting to certain members of the 

honorable Fraternity of Ancient York Masons, the privilege of opening 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. Ill 

a Lodge in the town of E^ualitj, in the county of^Gallatin and State of 
Illinois, a number of the craft by previous [appointment] met at the 
Court House in said town, on the 7th day of April, A. D. 1837, A. L. 
5837. 

" Present: W. James C. Weller, of Clinton Lodge No. 82, M.; H. P. 
Williams, of same, S. W.; A. B. Dake, formerly of Shawneetown Lodge 
^ o . ) j. W.; Absalom Ashby, of Cumberland Lodge No. 8, Secretary; 
Willis Hargrave, Treasurer; Israel Towles, S. D.,- C. C. Lockett, of Clin- 
ton Lodge No. 82, J. D.; Thomas Pruett, of same, S. and T. Edward 
Jones. 

"The Lodge was opened in the 3d degree according to ancient form 
and usage. 

" After which the Lodge moved in procession to the Court House, at 
which time the W. M. James C. Weller installed, according to ancient 
rites, A. B. Dake, Master ; William Siddall, S. Warden ; Edward Levell, 
J. Warden; Absalom Ashby, Secretary; Willis Hargrave, Treasurer; 
Israel D. Towles, S. Deacon; William Burnett, J. Deacon; S. D. Hawke, 
S. and Tyler. 

" The Rev. James Alexander, by previous appointment and request, 
proceeded to pronounce the funeral service of our departed and much 

lamented worthy brother, Tyler D. Hewitt, formerly of Lodge No. 

-, after which a procession was formed and proceeded to the grave, 

where the usual ceremonies observed on such occasions were performed 
by the W. M. 

'.'The Lodge from thence proceeded to Mr. Lane's, to partake of a col- 
lation prepared for the occasion, and then proceeded to the Lodge room. 

" Lodge was then closed in due form and harmony, at 4 o'clock P. M. 

"JAMES C. WELLER, M." 

Then follows the code of by-laws, in which we see nothing strange 
to extract. 

The Clinton Lodge No. 82, above alluded to, was situated at Princeton, 
Kentucky, as was also Cumberland Lodge No. 8. 

Bro. A. B. Dake was Junior Warden of Albion Lodge at its organization, 
and still later became a member of Lawrence Lodge No. 34, at Shawnee- 
town. 

The next meeting was held April llth, at which the petitions of AVm. 
J. Gatewood, S. R. Rowan, Tarlton Dunn, James W. Hamilton, Andrew 
Musgrave, and Valentine J. Evins, for initiation, and T. Levell, for the 
third degree, were received. Bro. Levell was elected instanter, and 
raised the same evening. 

April 29 The following petitions were received : Wm. T. Hewitt, for 
affiliation; Edward Dobbins, for second degree; Joseph E. Watkins, for 
initiation. May 6 J. W. Hamilton, A. W. Pool, V. F. Evins, S. R 



112 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Rowan, elected to first degree; Edward Dobbins to second, and "Wm. F. 
Hewut for affiliation. May 8 J. W. Hamilton; May 11, A. W. Pool, 
and on May 13, V. F. Evins, were initiated. May 17 Edward Dobbins, 
and on May 22, A. W. Pool and J. W. Hamilton were passed. May 
26 Edward Dobbins raised, E. Jones demitted, and petitions of Robert 
T. Hopper, Daniel F. Boswell, and Lee Hargrave for initiation, and 
Samuel Gary, of Clinton No. 9, Ohio, for the second degree, received. 
May 27 J. W. Hamilton raised. May 29 A. W. Pool raised. May 
31 Wm. J. Gatewood and Joseph E. Watkins, and on June 1, Tarlton 
Dunn, were initiated. June 3 Petition of L. "VV. Hargrave received, 
and Daniel F. Boswell initiated. June 6 Robert T. Hopper and Lee 
Hargrave initiated. June 7 Watkins and Dunn elected, and Lodge 
closed until next morning at 8 o'clock, at which time Gatewood was 
elected, and the Lodge called off until 2 o'clock P. M., when Gatewood, 
Dunn, Watkins, and Boswell were passed. June 10 Hopper passed. 
June 12 Gatewood and Dunn, and on June 14, Boswell and Watkins, 
were raised. June 17 Petitions of E. H. Gatewood, Solomon Holt, 
Moses Thompson, and Moses Fowler received. Committee appointed to 
" restore harmony between Breth. Gatewood and Hamilton, and Breth. 
Hawke and Dobbins." Hopper raised, and Isaac D. Towles demitted. 
June 19 L. W. Hargrave and Lee Hargrave passed. June 20 Solomon 
Holt and Moses Thompson initiated, and L. W. Hargrave and Lee 
Hargrave raised. June 24 Twenty-one brethren present. H. Wilson 
and Leonard White visiting. The Lodge having proceeded to an 
election, the following result was arrived at: Arnold B. Dake was 
elected W. M.; A. W. Pool, S. W.; Tarlton Dunn, J. W.; William J. 
Gatewood, Secretary ; Robert T. Hopper, Treasurer ; J. E. Watkins, S. D.; 
T. H. Levell, J. D.; and S. D. Hawke, Tyler. The officers were then 
installed, when "they were called from labor to refreshment, and the 
brethren repaired from the lodge-room to the house of Mr. S. R. Rowan, 
where they were again called on, and a regular procession was formed, 
according to ancient usage. Bro. Watkins, Marshal. The Lodge then 
proceeded to the Court House, and heard a sermon delivered by the Rev. 
James Alexander, and prayer by Rev. Benjamin Bruce, after which they 
proceeded to the house of Mr. Lewis Reed, joined by the clergy and 
ladies, where they partook of an excellent collation prepared for the 
occasion." June 27 Ephraim II. Gatewood initiated, and on the 28th 
passed to the " honorable degree of a Fellow Craft." June 3 S. Garey 
passed. Petition of James Williams received, and he initiated, and 
E. H. Gatewood raised. July 27 Stephen R. Rowan initiated. August 
5 Bro. Absalom Ashby demitted, and committee appointed to collect 
dues, and pay off the debts of the Lodge. August 8 Sundry bills 
allowed. Settlement had with Bro. Ashby as Secretary. Rev. J. C. 
Alexander voted ten dollars for services as Chaplain on St. John's Day. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 118 

Petition of Thos. J. Lindsey received, and twenty dollars voted Bro. 
Wm. J. Gatewood, " in view of his recent misfortune." August 10 Thos. 
J. Lindsey initiated. The following letter was drawn up by Wm. J. 
Gatewood, and forwarded to the Grand Lodge of Kentucky : 

" EQUALITY LODGE U. D., \ 

SATURDAY, Aug. 5, A. I). 1837, A. L. 5837. J 

"Philip Swigert, O. Sec. O, L. of Kentucky: 

"SiR ; Accompanying this communication please receive the return of Equality 
Lodge U. D., held in Equality, Gallatin county, State of Illinois. 

" It will be perceived from the return that since the 7th of April last, the date 
of the installation of this Lodge, many new members have been made, and much 
business done, and that with almost unprecedented rapidity ; but I am instructed 
to say that this appearance will not, it is hoped, prejudice the application of this 
Lodge to the G. L. of Kentucky for a charter. 

"The long suspension of almost all Lodges in the western country from labor, 
occasioned by a circumstance occurring several years since in one of the eastern 
States, and well known to Masons, has just so long left many friendly to Masonry 
without the means of becoming members until the opening of this Lodge; and 
it is believed that this will furnish a sufficient apology, if any be needed, for the 
celerity with which work has been done here. 

" I am instructed also to state that in every instance of a deviation from the 
bye-laws, they have been formally and by unanimous vote dispensed with; and,, 
also, that in all the cases of new members, they have long been intimately- 
acquainted with the elders ; and, further, that in almost every instance when the 
bye-laws have been dispensed with, it has appeared to be a case of some emer- 
gency. 

" Not knowing whether it be necessary to send with this return a copy of the 
bye-laws of this Lodge, it is not sent; but this Lodge works under a literal copy 
of the bye-laws of Clinton Lodge No. 82, Kentucky. 

"Accompanying this please also receive the dispensation of the G. L. of Ken- 
tucky to this Lodge. 

"Please also receive enclosed fifteen dollars for the dispensation, and balance 
remitted for charter of this Lodge. 

"I am also instructed to make direct application to the G. L. of Kentucky, in 
this mode, for a charter to this Lodge, by the name of Equality Lodge No. . 

" It is supposed the sum remitted will be sufficient, if not, the remainder will 
be sent on the first notice. 

" It would be acknowledged as a favor if you would inform the Secretary of 
this Lodge what would be the probable cost of jewels, well made and reasonably 
heavy, for a Master's Lodge. 

" With sentiments of great respect, and due consideration, I am, respectfully, 
your obedient servant, 

" WM. J. GATEWOOD, 

" Sec. Equality Lodge U. D. 

"P. S. This Lodge was installed April 7, 1837, by J. C. Weller, of Clinton Lodge 
No. 82, Kentucky." 

The Lodge was duly constituted as No. 102, on the twenty-second 
September, 1837, by James C. Weller, D. G. M. 



114 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

The Lodge from that time until the close of the year received three 
petitions, viz.: Joseph Choisser, Joel Holliday, and Lorenzo D. Atkins. 
Of these, Choisser was initiated November 4th. The twenty-seventh of 
December was duly observed by partaking of dinner at the house of Bro. 
Benjamin Lafferty. On this day officers were elected to serve the Lodge 
for the ensuing six months, who were as follows : Arnold B. Dake, "W. M.; 
A. W. Pool, S. \V.; Tarlton Dunn, J. W.; E. T. Hopper, Treasurer; Wm. 
J. Gatewood, Secretary; W. H. Siddall and T. H. Leavell, Deacons; and 
James Hamilton, Tyler. Bro. William F. Hewitt was demitted on the 
fourth November. 



CHAPTER XL 



1838. 



BODLEY LODGE No. 97. 

During this year the following brethren were raised : John G. Driskill, 
May 5 ; James Magorian, June 2 ; Joseph Kelly, June 25 ; W. S. Walton, 
July 7; E. M. Davis was affiliated December 27. 

The twenty-fourth of June was duly celebrated, the Lodge forming a 
procession and proceeding to the Congregational Church, where an address 
was delivered by J. H. Holton. From thence they proceeded to the 
" Land Office Hotel, where dinner was duly served up." On their return 
to the Lodge, John H. Holton was elected W. M.j J. N. Ralston, S. W.; 
J. H. Luce, J. W.; A. Miller, Treasurer; Hiram Rogers, Secretary; 
E. Turner, S. D.; T. Monroe, J. D.; Harrison Dills, Steward and Tyler. 

At the meeting of October 3d, Breth. Asbury, Dills, Turner, and Luce 
were appointed a committee to procure a "lot of ground" for the purpose 
of building a lodge-room thereon; and it was resolved that they should 
proceed immediately to build said hall. 

November 3d, a petition from sundry brethren at Columbus, asking 
a recommendation to their petition for a Lodge, was granted. 

On the first of December, Martin Ladnor, J. W. Chenoweth, and 
Joseph Kelly were expelled for taking leave without notifying their 
creditors of their intention to do so. These brethren are fully described 
in the record, and among other matters, Bro. Chenoweth was stated to 
be by " occupation a blacksmith and Methodist." At the same meeting 
Bro. Ralston introduced the following : 

"Resolved, That it is expedient for this Lodge to relinquish its charter to the 
Grand Lodge of Kentucky at its next annual communication." 

Which was laid over to the next communication. 

At the meeting of December 27th, the Building Committee reported 
that a building 20 by 35 feet, two stories high, would cost sixteen hundred 



116 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

dollars, and that they had subscriptions to the amount of $600. It was 
decided not to proceed further during that season. 

Bro. Ralston's resolution was laid over to January, 1839, when the 
Lodge went into an election of officers, making choice of the following: 
J. N. Ralston, W. M.; Hiram Rogers, S. W.; H. Dills, J. W.; J. H. Luce, 
Sec.; T. Monroe and Enoch Conyers, Deacons; J. Woolf, Steward and 
Tyler. No record appears of an election of Treasurer. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 102. 

The following were raised in this Lodge during the year : Joseph 
Choisser, Jan. 10; Thomas J. Lindsey, Mar. 4; J. M. Burnett, June 2; 
Samuel S. Scudder, June 6 ; James Bennett, June 21 ; A. Irvin, July 24. 

Equality Lodge was the first to perform the ceremonies of laying a 
corner-stone within the State of Illinois, and for this reason we give the 
record concerning that act in full: 

";EQUALITY LODGE No. 102, \ 
Feb. 19, A. D. 1838, A. L. 5838. j 

"Present: A. B. Dake, W. M.; A. \V. Pool, S. W.; T. Dunn, J. W.; W. J. Gate- 
wood, Secretary ; L. W. Hargrave, Treasurer, p. t.; J. E. Watkins, 8. D., p. t.; T. 
H. Leavell, J. D.; J. Hamilton, Tyler; S. Scudder, Entered Apprentice. 

" The Lodge opened in the first degree of Masonry, and on motion, ordered 
that Bro. T. Dunn, Gatewood, and Pool report arrangements with officers for 
the celebration of laying the corner-stone of the public work at Shawneetown, 
on the 24th inst., which was adopted as follows : 

" Bro. J. E. Watkins, Marshal ; E. H. Gatewood, Assistant Marshal ; Edward 
Jones, Orator; Rev. B. F. Spilman, Chaplain. Edward Leavell, William Burnett, 
Willis Hargrave, bearers of corn, wine, and oil; Bro. Lee Hargrave and Ed. Dob- 
bins, Stewards White Rod ; Jos. Choisser and Lee Hargrave, Black Rod. 

" The Lodge then closed in this degree, and opened in the third in regular 
form, when the Worshipful Master called off until Friday, the 23d inst., at 8 
o'clock, at Shawneetown. 

"SHAWNEETOWN, Feb. 23d, A. D. 1838, A. L. 5838. 

"The Lodge was called from refreshment to labor. 

"Present: A. B. Dake, W. M.; W. J. Gatewood. S. W., p. t. and Sec.; W. Hewett, 
J. W. and Treas., p. t; I. D. Towles, S. and J. D., p. t.; J. Hamilton, Tyler; A. 
Flanders, Master Mason. 

" The Lodge was then called from labor to refreshment until to-morrow at 11 
o'clock, at the lodge-room in Shawneetown. 

" SHAWNEETOWN, Feb. 24, 1838, A. L. 5838. 

"Present: A. B. Dake, W. M.; A. W. Pool, S. W.; Visiting Bro. Calvin Gold, 
J. W., p. t.; W. J. Gatewood, Sec.; R. T. Hopper, Treas.; Wm. Burnett, S. D., p. t; 
I. D. Towles, J. D.,p. t.; Visiting Breth. A. Kirkpatrick, Jno. Marshall, and Bro. 
Edward Savill, bearers of corn, wine, and oil ; Bro. J. Choisser and visiting Bro. 

Anderson, of Ohio, Stewards with Black Rods ; Bros. Flanders, Towles, and 

Hewitt, M. M., and Bennett, E. A., Musicians; E. H. Gatewood, Marshal; L. 
White, Bearer of the Bible ; Bro. F. Crafts Lindsy and Geary ; Bros. E. A. William 
Choisser, S. Scudder, and Jno. M. Burnett. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 117 

"After forming, the procession proceeded to the upper end of the work, and 
there laid the corner-stone of the public work in due and ancient form, after which 
they repaired to the hotel of Mr. Wagoner, in Shawneetown, and partook of an ex- 
cellent repast prepared for the occasion. The Lodge then proceeded to the lodge- 
room in Shawneetown, and called from labor to refreshment, to meet at the 
lodge-room in Equality, on Feb. 26th, 1838." 

March 3d, Daniel F. Boswell was expelled. His description, like 
those of B )dley Lodge, appears in full upon the record. He is described as 
"neat in dress, handsome in visage, quick spoken, rather forward, and 
not very learned" etc. 

" Bro. William Siddall demitted June 16. 

"June 2i, Bro. Dake was re-elected W. M., there being no opposition; 
for Senior Warden there were two candidates, " Bro. T. Dunn receiving 
8 votes to 1 for Bro. Pool ;" T. Levell was elected J. W.; E. Jones, Sec'y ; 
R. T. Hopper, Treasurer; J. E. Watkins and S. S. Scudder, Deacons; 
T. J. Lindsey, Tyler. July 24th, Bro. H. Wilson was admitted. 

" On the 27th December, Bro. A. W. Pool was elected W. M.; Thomas 
H. Levell, S. W.; James W. Hamilton, J. W.; Robert T. Hopper, Secre- 
tary; William Siddall, Treasurer; J. E. Watkins and S. S. Scudder, 
Deacons ; and J. T. Lindsey, Tyler. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE. 

On the 30th day of June, a dispensation was granted to Breth. William 
Hodge as Master, John D. Gorin as Senior Warden, and Nathaniel M. 
McCurdy as Junior Warden, to open and hold Temperance Lodge, at 
Vandjdia. The Lodge did no work under this dispensation, and at the 
meeting of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, held in October, it was re- 
newed. The first dispensation was signed by John D. Daggett, D. G. 
M., attested by Richard B. Dallam, Grand Secretary. The second, which 
was dated October 3d, was granted to the same officers, and was signed 
by the same grand officers. The Lodge did no work during the year 
1838. 

COLUMBUS LODGE. 

The record of the preliminary meeting of this Lodge we present en- 
tire : 

"At a meeting of the following brethren of the Masonic family, 
held in Columbus, October 19th, 1838, present: Lytle Griffing, Daniel 
Harrison, Stephen Tousalin, John G. Driskill, Anthony Tousalin, S. H. 
B. Clarkson, James McGorian, John Neal, A. Jonas. 

" Bro. S. H. B. Clarkson was appointed Chairman, and Bro. A. Jonas, 
Secretary. 

" On motion, 

" Resoloed, That an application be made to the Grand Lodge of Missouri, for a 
dispensation for a Lodge in Columbus, to be called Columbus Lodge, Adams 



118 HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

county, Illinois, and that a committee of three be appointed to carry the same 
into effect and that Bros. Harrison, Jonas, and Griffing be said committee. 

"Resolved, That A.Jonas be recommended as the first Master; Daniel Harrison 
as the first Senior Warden, and J. G. Driskill, as the first Junior Warden of said 
Lodge. 

"Resolved, That application be made to the Quincy Lodge at their next meet- 
ing, for recommendation to the Grand Lodge of Missouri, of the petition for a 
dispensation, and that Bros. Harrison, McGorian, Driskill, Griffing, S. and A. 
Tousalin be a committee to attend to the same. 

"Resolved, That Bros. Griffing, Driskill, and Jonas be a committee to consult 
with Mr. Ledder Davis on the subject of a lodge-room, and report to-morrow 
evening, the 20th instant. 

"Resolved, That each one of the petitioners for a dispensation agree to lend 
the new Lodge $10 each, to be repaid whenever the Lodge has the means of so 
doing. 

"Resolved, That the meeting adjourn to meet again to-morrow evening at the 
same place. Attest. 

"Agreeable to adjournment, the meeting convened on Saturday even- 
ing. Present, Bros. Lytle Griffing, J. G. Driskill, A. Touzalin, D. Har- 
rison, J. Neal and A. Jonas. 

"And on motion, 

" Daniel Harrison was appointed Chairman. The committee ap- 
pointed to communicate with Mr. Ledder Davis, on the subject of a 
lodge-room, reported that the room could be obtained at $7 per month, 
and that the room should be finished in a proper manner, and the ex- 
pense be deducted out of rent. 

"Ordered, That same committee enter into contract in writing with Mr. Davis 
to that effect. 

"It was further resolved that the same committee have full power and 
authority, after the contract is made, to have the work done and com- 
pleted on the best terms, and at the most reasonable rates. 

"The meeting then adjourned, to meet on Wednesday evening. 

"Attest." 

Lytle Griffing was the first raised in Bodley Lodge, and in fact, all 
but Harrison, Clarkson, and Jonas, were made in that Lodge. Daniel 
Harrison was the first Master of Bodley Lodge. This Lodge was recom- 
mended by Bodley Lodge on the 3rd of November. The dispensation 
was not received until the 6th of June of the following year, conse- 
quently this Lodge did no work during 1838. 

HARMONY LODGE NO. 24. 

This Lodge was constituted on the 30th day of November, 1838, as the 
following certificate will show: 

"JACKSONVILLE. 
" To the Most Worshipful Grand Master, Deputy Grand Master, and Wardens of 

the Grand Lodge of Missouri : 

"In obedience to a deputation from the Most Worshipful Grand Master, em- 
powering me as Deputy Grand Master for the time being, to install the officers 
of Harmony Lodge No. 21, Jacksonville, I did on the 30th day of November, A. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 119 

D. 1838, A. L. 5838, proceed to and did install Bro. Jno. T.Jones, as Master; W. B. 
Warren, Sr. Warden; A. Dunlap, Jr. Warden; D.Rockwell, Sec'y.; M. Stacey, 
Treas.; J. L. James, Sr. Deacon ; W. S. Vance, Jr. Deacon ; A. L. Dixon, S. and T.; 
of said Harmony Lodge No. 24, in form after the ancient usages of the order. 

"Given under my hand and private seal at Jacksonville, the 

: , . day and date above written. 

"W. B. WARREN, 

"D. G. M. G. L. M.pro tern." 

This Lodge held four meetings during the year 1838, the proceedings 
of one of which have just been given. On December 3rd the Lodge met, 
when Bro. John Gregory, a Fellow Craft, was raised. Dennis Rockwell 
was elected Secretary, and Matthew Stacy, Treasurer, James L. James 
and William S. Vance were appointed Deacons. 

December 27th, the Lodge again met and opened on the first degree. 
An address was delivered by the W. M., "much to the edification and 
instruction of those present." An election was then held, resulting as 
follows : John T. Jones, W. M.,- Wm. B. Warren, S. W.; Alex. Dunlap, 
J. W.; Dennis Rockwell, Secretary; Mat. Stacy, Treasurer; A. C. Dick- 
son, Tyler. Breth. James and Vance were re-appointed Deacons, and 
Vance and H. W. Osburn were elected Stewards. Petition of James T. 
Sigler, for affiliation, was received. Bro. Stacy was directed to procure 
"two dozen white. Lambskin aprons, and two turned collums." 

December 28, Bro. Wm. D. McCord was passed and raised. 

FAR WEST LODGE. 

December 29th, 1838, the following petition was forwarded to the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri : 

" GALENA, 29th Dec., A. L., 5838. 
' To the Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Mo. : . 

" We, the undersigned brethren residing in the town of Galena, Jo Daviess 
county, State of Illinois, are desirous of forming ourselves into a Lodge of 'An- 
cient York Masons,' to be styled and known by the name of 'Far We*.,' and 
must beg of you to lay this our petition before the Worshipful Master, Wardens 
and members of the Grand Lodge of Mo., and pray them to grant us a charter 
in the names of Charles Gear, W. M.; Edward W. Turner, S. W.; Samuel McLean, 



120 HISTORY OP MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

J. W. As there is no Lodge in this place or district of country, we must refer 
you to Bro. Wm. Hempstead, of St. Louis. 

" Permit us to subscribe ourselves, yours fraternally, 

"CHARLES GEAR, 
E. W. TURNER, 
SAM. MCLEAN, 
T. B. FARNSWORTH, 

J. E. SMITH, 
A. T. CROW, 
H. H. GEAR, 
DAN'L. WANN, 
GEO. M. MITCHELL, 
M. F. AULETT, 
CAPT. JOHN CLARK, 
RICH'D. PATTISON, 
SAMUEL SMOKER, 
JOHN SHERMAN, 
JOHN S. WEBER." 

Two of the names on this petition are familiar, Charles and H. H. 
Gear, who were both members of Olive Branch Lodge No. 5. 
This Lodge did no work during the year 1838. 



CHAPTER XII. 



1839. 



BODLEY LODGE NO. 97. 

The members raised by this Lodge during this year, were as follows : 
H. F. Main, Sept. 3rd; H. F.Thompson, Sept. 30th; F. G. Johnston, and 
John Crockett, Dec. 14th. 

At the meeting of January 5th, a motion was made to adopt Bro. Ral- 
ston's resolution regarding the surrender of the charter, but after much 
discussion, it was laid over until the meeting in March. Bro. Asbury 
was demitted Feb. 5th. March 6, Bro. Ralston's resolution to surrender 
the charter was taken up and pressed to a vote, the result being 'Ayes, 
3, iToes, 13." So ended that matter. At this meeting Bro. S. Tuslin 
was demitted. 

At the meeting of April 2, the question of building a hall was again 
brought up, and a committee of five appointed to inquire into the 
feasibility of the matter. Twenty dollars was voted the Trustees of the 
Methodist Church, which leads us to believe that the room in the 
"garret" was fitted up. 

June 4th, the Committee on Building reported adversely to such 
project, and reported that they had procured a suitable room in the 
second story of Brother Most's two story building, " on the Square, at 
$60." The by-laws were so amended at this meeting as to provide for 
elections annually, " according to ancient usage." 

June 24th, Breth. Harrison, Tuslin, and GrifSng were demitted to 
assist in forming Columbus Lodge. Officers as follows were elected : 
H. Rogers, "W. M. ; H. Dills, S. W.; E. M. Davis, J. W. ; A. Miller, 
Treas. ; J. H. Luce, Sec'y ; T. Monroe and H. L. Simmons, Deacons ; 
M. Most, Steward and Tyler. The following we quote: " Bro. Ralston 
read a letter from Harmony Lodge No. 24, at Jacksonville, relative [to] 
forming a Grand Lodge in this State. The following resolution was, 
after some discussion, passed : Resolved, That we deem it expedient to 
form a Grand Lodge in this State, and Bros. Ralston and Rogers were 



122 HISTOEY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

appointed a committee to answer said letter on the subject of the Grand 
Lodge." 

August 17th, Bro. Louis Bigwood was demitted. Sept. 3d., Bro. 
Asbury affiliated. December 2d, W. S. Walton expelled. 

Notwithstanding the Lodge had resolved to elect officers for twelre 
months, "according to ancient usage," on the 27th of December it went 
into an election, which resulted in the choice of the following breth- 
ren: J. N. Ralston, W. M.; H. Asbury, S. W. ; T. Monroe, J. W. ; 
A. Miller, Treasurer; E. M. Davis, Secretary. -Bro. Holton was elected 
Secretary, but was allowed to decline. In all this time it is perhaps 
proper to say that all business was transacted in the first degree, and 
the Lodge almost invariably met pursuant to adjournment. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 102. 

The work (raisings) done by this Lodge during this year was as fol- 
lows : Beverly R. Young, Feb. 1; S. Gary, March 4; Solomon Holt, 
Oct. 2: James Williams, Oct. 6 ; John Howard, Dec. 7. 

The last meeting at which Bro. Dake was present was on August 4th, 
and among the proceedings of the meeting of January 5th, 1839, we find 
the following entry : 

"Ordered, That Brother William Siddall be allowed twenty dollars and thirty- 
seven cents for crape, etc.. furnished at the burial of deceased Brothers William 
F. Hewitt and A. B. Dake." 

This is the first intimation of the death of these brethren, there being 
no record as to their death or their burial, previous to the entry quoted. 

May 4th, Bro. Scudder was allowed one dollar for " trimming the 
bier of deceased Brother A. B. Dake." 

On the 17th of May the officers elected in December, 1838, for six 
months, were installed. 

June 13th, Moses Thompson, an Entered Apprentice, was expelled. 

June 24th, the following officers were elected : A. W. Pool, W. M. ; 
Thos. H. Leavell (or Levell), S. W.; Jas. W. Hamilton, J. W.: William 
Siddall, Treas.; R. T. Hopper, Sec.,- J. E. Watkins and S. S. Scudder, 
Deacons ; Thomas J. Lindsey, Tyler. The day was then properly 
celebrated. 

July 6th, Breth. Siddall, Leavell, and Hamilton were appointed a 
committee to settle a difficulty between Brethren Dunn and Hopper. 

July 20th, a request was received from the " Bank of Illinois," at 
Shawneetown, asking the Lodge to lay the corner-stone of their "new 
banking house," which was done " according to ancient form." Bro. 
Wm. J. Gatewood delivered the oration on that occasion. 

On the 17th of October, "Brother Matthew Hammond, aged about 35 
years, a member of Trinity Lodge No. 37, New York," having died, was 
buried with Masonic honors. 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 123 

November 19th, the following resolution was passed : 

"Resolved, That a committee [consisting] of Brothers William J. Gatewood, 
Edmund Jones, and Tarlton Dunn, be appointed to correspond with all the sub- 
ordinate Lodges of this State, with a view to reorganizing the Grand Lodge of 
the State of Illinois." 

December 27th, the officers for the ensuing six months were elected, 
which resulted in the choice of the following brethren : Harrison 
Wilson, W. M. ; Edmund Jones, S. W. ; Jas. W. Hamilton, J. W.; Solo- 
mon Holt, Secretary; William Siddall, Treas.; Thos. J. Lindsey and 
B. C. Crow, Deacons ; Beverly R. Young, Tyler. The day was observed, 
the Lodge partaking of dinner at the house of Brother Leave!!. Bro. 
Crow was admitted on the 5th of August. On December 7th Breth. 
Lindsey, Scudder, and Young asked demits, which were granted. Bro. 
Holt asked for a demit at the same meeting, which was refused. These 
demits did not seem to have affected the relations of the brethren to 
the Lodge to any great degree, as at the next meeting three of the 
brethren were elected to offices, and there is no record of their having 
been re-admitted. 

HARMONY LODGE NO. 24. 

January 7th, petition of John E. Denny received and referred. 

February 4th, Bro. J. T. Sigler affiliated. At this meeting the fol- 
lowing was passed : " On motion, it was voted that twenty dollars be 
appropriated out of the funds of this Lodge for the relief of a Mr. 
Elder, a poor person, who has had the misfortune to have his legs 
broken." In addition to this appropriation, an individual subscription 
was taken, which resulted in the collection of ten dollars, there being 
ten brethren present. March 4th, Breth. Francis Robertson and Clark 
Roberts were affiliated, and Bro. Osburn demitted. 

March llth, Josiah M. Lucas was initiated, and on the 10th of June 
passed. At the regular meeting in September (no date given), Cornelius 
Ludlum was initiated, and petition of A. V. Putnam referred. The 
Lodge held no further meetings until after the session of the Grand 
Lodge in October. 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 26. 

January 27th the following brethren signed a petition addressed to the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, asking for a dispensation to open and hold a 
Lodge at Springfield, viz. : "J. Adams, late a member of the Lodge at 
Skaneatles, N. Y., No. not recollected ; James R. Gray, late a member of 
Vesper Lodge, Ky. ; Alex'r Lindsay, late a member of Star Lodge No. 
197, Pennsylvania; Henry Colestock, Perseverance Lodge No. 21, Ilar- 
risburg, Pa. ; Philo Beers, Montgomery Lodge, N. Y. : L. S. Corn well, 
Lodge No. 73, of Bowling Green, Ky. ; Martin Doyle, Lodge No. 39, 



124 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS 

Ireland; J. R. Braucher, Lodge No. 33, Circleville, Ohio; Bela "Webster, 
Whitesboro Lodge, N. Y., No. 315; James Maxcy, Lodge No. 73, 
Bowling Green, Ky." This petition being duly recommended by 
Harmony Lodge No. 24, a dispensation, bearing date February 25, 
1839, and signed by S. W. B. Carnegy, Grand Master, attested by Richard 
B. Dallam, Grand Secretary, was issued. Brother Adams was named as 
Master ; James R. Gray, Senior, and Alexander Lindsay, Junior Warden. 
Bro. Adams was a visitor at the Grand Lodge of Illinois, in 1826, and 
Bro. Beers was a charter member of Eden Lodge No. 11. 

The minutes of the first meeting of this Lodge we give in full. 

"At a meeting of Master, Wardens, and Brethren of Springfield Lodge, No. 
held at the "American House," on Saturday evening, April 20th, A. D. 1839, A. L. 
6839. 

" Opened on the Master's degree. 
" Brethren present : JAMES ADAMS, W. M. 
JAMESR. GRAY, S. W. 
ALEXANDER LINDSAY, J. W." 

" M. Doyle, James Maxcy, Samuel L. Hesser, James Zwisler, Jr., Joseph Firey, 
M. A. Kelly, Wm. Cudmore, and Love S. Cornwell. 
" Bro. James Adams, M. in the chair. 
"On motion of Bro. A. Lindsay, 

" Resolved, That the members present now organize, so far as to elect their 
officers for the ensuing year. 
"On motion of Bro. Firey, 
"That the officers bo elected viva voce. 
" Whereupon the following were elected unanimously: 
" LOVE S. CORNWELL, Secretary. 
MAURICE DOYLE, Treasurer. 
JAMES MAXCY, Tyler. 
" And appointed by the W. M. : 

"PHILO BEERS, S. D. 
WM. CUDMORE, J. D. 
M. HELM, 1st M. C. 
M. A. KELLY. 2d M. C. 
"On motion of Bro. Lindsay, 

"Resolved, That we invite Bro. Helm to install the officers of this Lodge. 
" On motion of Bro. Gray, 

"That we meet Thursday evening (25th inst,) at half past 6 o'clock, for the 
purpose of installing the officers. 
"On motion, adjourned. 

" J. ADAMS, Master. 
" L. S. CORJTWELL, Secretary." 

The brethren raised by this Lodge during the year are as follows : 
John S. Killaly, Oct. 29th; Josiah Wickersham, Nov. 14th; J. S. 
Roberts, Nov. 18th. April 25th, the officers were duly installed by Bro. 
Meredith Helm. On the 13th May, Breth. W. Harvey and W. W. Wat- 
son were present as visitors, also Bro. John Uhler, of Friendship Lodge, 



HISTORY OP MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 125 

Maryland. July 25th, Bro. Uhler was affiliated, and is, we believe, the 
only member now living who was present at that meeting, with the ex- 
ception of Bro. Maxcy. Oct. 28th, the Lodge was duly constituted, the 
following brethren being present : A. B. Chambers, G. M.; \V"m. B. War- 
ren, D. G. M.; Wm. S. Vance, S. G. W.; M. Helm, J. G. W.; M. J. Kelley, 
S. G. D.; W. Cudmore, J. G. D.; James Zwisler, Gr. Tyler; James Adams, 
James R. Gray, J. R. Braucher, Joseph Firey, B. C. Webster, S. L. Hesser, 
J. Wickersham, W. Briggs, J. S. Killaly, and J. F. Reed. 

On the record of November 18th, we find the following entry : 

"On motion, Bros. Helm, Adams and Lindsay were appointed a com- 
mittee to represent this Lodge at a convention of the Lodges of this State, 
to be holden in Jacksonville, on the 27th day of December proximo, for 
the purpose of conferring together as to the propriety of establishing a 
Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois, and determining the place of hold- 
ing the same." 

December 25th, Bro. W. Harvey was admitted, and the following list 
of officers elected : M. Helm, Master ; A. Lindsay, S. W.; J. Adams, 
J. W.; M. Doyle, Treas.; L. S. Cornwell, Sec.; James Maxcy, Tyler. 
These officers were then installed and the following appointed : M. J. 
Kelly and J. S. Killaly, Deacons ; Wm. Harvey and J. R. Braucher, 
first and second Masters of Ceremonies. 

A committee of five was appointed to procure a silver cup, to cost not 
less than twenty dollars, which was to be presented to Bro. Adams as a 
"token of respect and esteem." 

TEMPERANCE LODGE No. 27. 

We present the minutes of the first meeting entire : 

"At a meeting of Temperance Lodge, under dispensation of the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, held at their lodge-room at Vandalia, Illinois, on 
Thursday, the 10th day of January, A. L. 5839, A. D. 1839 

" Present : Wm. Hodge, W. M.; John D. Gorin, S. W.; N. M. McCurdy, 
J. W.; R. K. McLaughlin, Treas., p. L: Wm. Prentiss, Sec., p. t.; Thos. 
B. Hiclcman, S. D., p. t.; Moses Philips, J. D., p. t., and Tyler, p. t.; 
Breth. Thomas C. Kirkman and Asahel Lee, M. M.; visiting brethren 
James Adams, M. M., late of Schenatalus Lodge No. , N. Y.; Alvan 
Washburn, M. M., late of Miami Lodge No. 46, Ohio; W. McFarlane, 
M. M., of Franklin Lodge No. 22, Alton, Missouri; W. J. Gatewood, 
M. M., of Lodge No. , Equality, Illinois; James M. Duncan, M. M., 
late of Lodge No. , Vandalia, Illinois. 

"The Lodge was opened in the first degree of Masonry, according to 
ancient form. 

" The Worshipful Master laid before the Lodge a dispensation from the 
Most Right Worshipful Grand Lodge of Missouri, together with a com- 



126 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

munieation from the Grand Secretary enclosing the same, which were 
read and ordered to be filed and recorded. 

"The Worshipful stated briefly the proceedings by which the dispen- 
sation had been procured. 

"On motion of Bro. Prentiss, 

"Ordered, That a committee of three be appointed to report rules for the gov- 
ernment of this Lodge, and that Breth. Prentiss, Gorin, and McCurdy be that 
committee. 

" No further business appearing in this degree, the Lodge was closed, 
and opened in the second degree, and after some time spent in a lecture, 
the Lodge was closed in due order and harmony, at 8 o'clock P. M." 

The raisings reported by this Lodge during this year are as follows: 
Henry C. Remann, April 11; David B. Ifodge, April 17; C. B. Block- 
burgher, June 4; James M. Peery, July 10; Asa Dilley, June 5; Willard 
T. Hopkins, June 12; John S. Bradford, November 16; A. Bourland, 
November 28. Bro. Samuel Winterode was admitted August 12. Bro. 
Asa Dilley was demitted. 

The minutes from which we are now extracting the information 
regarding this Lodge, are the neatest we have ever seen, and were 
written by William C. Greenup, formerly of Western Star Lodge, whom 
we had lost sightofsilicel829. 

The record (we allude above to the original record sent us by Bro, 
Gouley) seems to have been written by the Master (Bro. Hodge) himself; 
it is quite neat, but crowded all together. 

At the meeting of February 18, Bro. Thomas Moore, "late of Eden.. 
Lodge," was present as a visitor. The following resolution was passed : 

"Rcxolved, That this Lodge will not receive petitions for initiation or ballot 
thereon in any other than the third degree." 

At the meeting of June 3, Breth. Jacob C. Bruner, o'f Franklin Lodge; 
Harry Wilton, of the late Lodge No. , at Carly le, Illinois, and Nathaniel 
Buckmaster, late of Libanus Lodge No. 29, were visiting/- 

We are inclined to the opinion that Illion Lodge, of which it is im- 
possible to find any trace, was located at Carlyle. f^Hiram Lodge, we 
have good reason to believe, was located at Brownsville. 

At the meeting of June 4^Mathew Duncan, " late of the Western Star 
Lodge No. 107," Kaskaskia, Illinois, and Guy W. Smith, "late R. W. 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Illinois," were visiting. Bro. Smith 
was Master of a Lodge at Palestine in 1825, and was probably elected 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge at its last meeting in 1827, of which 
meeting we have no record. 

At the meeting of June 10, we find the following entry: 

" The Worshipful Master laid before the Lodge a communication from 
a committee of Harmony Lodge No. 24, at Jacksonville, Illinois, on the 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 127 

subject of forming a Grand Lodge in this State, which was read, and on 
motion, ordered to be laid upon the table." 

July 8th, the communication was taken from the table, and referred 
to Breth. Gorin, McCurdy, and McLaughlin. 

September 9th, the following action was hadj 

" On motion of Bro. Greenup, the following resolution was offered and 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to prepare a memorial or 
address to the several Lodges held in this State, inviting them to send delegates 
to a Masonic Convention, to be held at Vaadalia, on the 27th day of December 
next, for the purpose of forming a Grand Lodge for the State of Illinois, and 
report the same to this Lodge, at the adjourned meeting, to be held on Friday 
next. 

" Whereupon, Breth. Greenup, Hickman, and Lee were appointed that 
committee." 

November llth, the Lodge was constituted under charter as No. 27J 
and at the same meeting the following was adopted, " Bro. Asahel Lee 
being in the chair": 

" The committee to whom was referred the resolution 'to correspond 
with the several Lodges held in this State, inviting them to send dele- 
gates to a Masonic Convention, to be held at Vandalia, on the 27th 
December next, for the purpose of forming a Grand Lodge for the State 
of Illinois,' asked to be discharged from the further consideration thereof; 
and the Bro. Worshipful moved that Vandalia be stricken out, and 
Jacksonville be inserted instead thereof. Agreed to. The chair appointed 
Bro. Worshipful a committee of one to perform the duties of the above 
named committee, and was also appointed a delegate to the convention 
to be held at Jacksonville, on the 27th December next." 

December 8th, the following officers were elected : Wm. Hgdge, W. M.; 
N. M. McCurdy, S. W.; T. B. Hickman, J. W.; A. Washburn, Treas.; 
D. B. Hodge, Sec.; II. C. Reraann and W. T. Hopkins, Deacons; and 
John S. Bradford, Tyler. 

December 27th, the officers were installed, and the day celebrated. 

FAR WEST LODGE NO. 29. 

The first meeting is as follows : 

" GALENA, March 23, A. L. 5839. 

" Meeting of Far West Lodge pursuant to notice. 

"Present: Brothers Charles Gear, W. M.; E. W. Turner, S. W.; 
Dan'l Wann, J. W., pro tern.: A. T. Crow, S. D. ; II. H. Gear, J. D. ; 
Geo. M. Mitchell, Treas., pro tern.; J. E. Smith, Secretary; M. Faucet, 
Tyler; Brothers John Sherman, Samuel Smoker, C. P. Burrows, Rich'd 
Pattison, J. C. Legate, E. F. Ogden. 

" Lodge opened in due form on the first degree of Masonry. 



128 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" Brother E. F. Ogden presented the letter of dispensation from the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, which being read, it was moved that it he 
received and worked under. 

" Brothers A. T. Crow, Dan'l Wann, and E. W. Turner appointed a 
committee to draft a constitution and by-laws for the government of the 
Lodge. 

" Brothers Geo. M. Mitchell, A. T. Crow, and H. H. Gear appointed a 
committee to procure suitable furniture and implements. 

"Brother J. E. Smith was requested to procure the jewels for the 
Lodge. 

" On motion it was 

"Resolved, That the thanks of the Lodge be tendered to Brother E. F. Ogden 
for his attention in procuring a dispensation for this Lodge, and furthermore, 
that he be admitted a member of this Lodge free of the usual admittance fee. 

" On motion, the Lodge adjourned until Friday evening, the 29th inst." 

The following are the names signed to the by-laws of this Lodge : 
Charles Gear, E. W. Turner, Sam'l McLean, A. T. Crow, H. II. Gear, 
J. E. Smith, T. P. Farnsworth, M. Faucet, T. C. Legate, Geo. M. Mitchell, 
Dan'l Wann, Richard Pattison, Samuel Smoker, John Sherman, J. Clark, 
R. Thompson, E. F. Ogden, C. P. Burrows. 

The Lodge conferred the Master's degree upon the following brethren 
during the year 1839 : A. J. Jackson, June 22; John Turney, Aug. 31 ; 
John M. Stanley, Sept. 2. 

There is nothing in the minutes of this Lodge for 1839 to merit any 
special note. 

MOUNT MORIAH LODGE NO. 33. 

On the 26th of July a petition signed by a number of brethren asking 
for a dispensation to open a Lodge at Hillsboro, to be called Mount 
Mori ah, was recommended by Temperance Lodge U. D., at Vandalia. 
The names signed to this petition are : " C. B. Blockburger, of Temper- 
ance Lodge U. D., Illinois; M. P. Nicholson, of Mount Moriah Lodge 
No. 27, N. C. ; Martin Kinsley, Union Lodge No. 10, North Providence, 
R. I.; Hail Kingsley, Washington Lodge No. 3; Aaron Knapp, Homer, 
N. Y., 137; M. L. Stinson, Vale of Tempe No. 45, Tenn.; Stephen 
Abbott, Genessee Union No. 332; Harry Wilton, of Eden Lodge No. 7, 
last W. M." 

The dispensation was granted August 17th, 1839, and is signed by 
"A. B. Chambers, G. S. W.," attested by " Rich'd B. Dallam, Gr. Sec'y." 
In this dispensation C. B. Blockburger was named as Master; Hail 
Kingsley, S. W., and Martin Kinsley, J. W. Bro. Blockburger was 
raised in Temperance Lodge. 

The first meeting of which we have any record is August 31, which 
seems to be an adjourned meeting. The minutes of the first are not in 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 129 

our possession. The raisings reported by this Lodge are as follows: 
Allan Carriker, Oct. 2; H. P. Gay, Oct. 3; J. H. Ralston, Nov. 30; 
Joseph Brookfield, Dec. 14; Jacob Lingofelter and Nicodemus Brown, 
Dec. 27. 

The dispensation under which this Lodge labored was renewed at the 
meeting of the Grand Lodge of Missouri in 1839. 

COLUMBUS LODGE. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was gran ted by Bro. S. W. B. Carnegy, 
Grand Master, and was dated June 3d, 1839; naming Breth. Abraham 
Jonas, Master; Daniel Harrison, S. W., and John G. Driskill, J. W. 

The following letter from Bro. Carnegy accompanied the dispensa- 
tion : 

" PALMYRA, 3d JUNE, 1839. 

" To Bros. Jonas, Harrison, Driskill, Clarkson, Neil, Touzalin, Touzalin, McGorian. 
and Griffin, petitioners for a dispensation to form a Lodge at Columbus Ills., <tc. 

" GENTLEMEN : The dispensation for which you have petitioned is herewith 
enclosed, and I avail myself at the same time of this opportunity to express to 
you my brothers, and through you to those who may in future be associated 
with you in the glorious undertaking in which you have embarked, the very 
heartfelt pleasure which I have in contributing my little aid for the advance- 
ment of the ancient fraternity of Masons. Allow me, my brothers, at the same 
time to express my great solicitude for the honor and happiness of the Craft. 
Those that bear the high honor of being members among those who have entered 
into covenant with the fraternity, passed the square, and seen suspended the 
initial of the name of our celestial G. M., and been raised to the honor of bearing 
the emblem of power, and of using the trowel those, permit me to say, should 
be holy, harmless, and undefiled. Having separated themselves from the com- 
mon mass of men, and taken their stand in front ranks of those who would be 
useful, charitable, and moral, let me urge you by every consideration, the honor 
of the name of Mason the claims of our fellow men upon us, for examples of 
charity, frugality, temperance, fortitude, justice and patriotism by our high and 
holy origin our honorable connections here, and our glorious destiny here- 
after to guard well the entering in of the sanctuary, and house of Masonry. Let 
no one that is immoral, or in the least degree predisposed to intemperance, so- 
much as enter even the outer courts of your glorious temple. There are but- 
very few in the world worthy of a knowledge of our art, and there ought to be 
but few Masons, therefore, and so long as we are but. few in number, and consist 
of the true, the moral, and temperate, we are safe, and may be happy. The best 
evidence of speedy ruin to any Lodge, is that they increase very fast that they 
are very numerous. 

" Hoping that none but the worthy will ever receive from your Lodge admis- 
sion into our mysteries, and that you may now in this far western hemisphere 
and newly settled country, in this favored region, far removed from the storm of 
anti-Masonry which has with so much bigotry, hatred, and zeal swept over the 
eastern Lodges, so lay the foundation of the edifice, deep and strong, that in 
due time we may "bring forth the cape stone with shouting and praise," that we 

9 



130 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

may receive the appellation of "good Master" each for himself, that may at last 
in that character "lay aside the level and plumb-line, the gavel and trowel, the 
compass and square," and be greeted and welcomed to the Temple of God, not 
made with hands, eternal in the heavens, is the anxious wish of your friend and 
brother. 

(Signed.) "S. W. B. CARNEGY." 

The record of the first meeting, aside from the letter just given, is 
of no more than ordinary interest. 

" Breth. J. S. Logan, Nov. 23d, M. S. Uudnall and A. J. Short, Dec. 30th, 
were raised during the year 1839. 

The following action was taken on the 22d June: 

"A communication was produced by the W. M. from the Jacksonville 
Lodge of Illinois, on the subject of the formation of a Grand Lodge for 
this State, which having been read, was referred to a committee of the 
W. Master, Treasurer, and Junior Deacon." 

The committee were Breth. Jonas, W. D. McCann, and J. Magorian. 

July 27th, the committee reported as follows : 

"The committee on the Jacksonville communication reported that they agree 
in opinion with their brethren of Harmony Lodge, as to the propriety of form- 
ing a Grand Lodge for the State of Illinois, and your committee trust that on 
that subject, so important to the interests of Masonry, there will be no diver- 
sity of opinion among the Craft. At the same time, your committee would 
suggest, that the final location of the Grand Lodge should be determined on 
by the delegates from different Lodges, after consultation on the subject. Your 
committee believe that Jacksonville would be a favorable point for the first 
meeting and organization of the Grand Lodge, but differ with the members 
of Harmony Lodge as to the time of the meeting the 27th of December is an 
unpleasant season of the year for traveling, and your committee believe that 
but few could be induced to attend at Jacksonville at that time, and your com- 
mittee believe that the meeting should either take place earlier in the fall, or 
postponed until next spring. 

" Entertaining those views, your committee would recommend the adoption 
of the following resolutions: 

" Resolved, That this Lodge approve of the views expressed by their commit- 
tee, and will co-operate with the other Lodges of this State in the design of 
forming a Grand Lodge, and will appoint delegates to the same, as soon as the 
time and place is determined on. 

" Resolved, That the Secretary transmit to Harmony Lodge No. 24, a copy of 
this report and resolutions. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

(Signed) " A. JONAS, 1 

W. D. McCANN, V Committee" 
JAS. MAGORIAN. J 

From a report made to Springfield Lodge Xo. 4 (which is given below), 
we learn that on the 27th December, 1839, a convention was held at 
Jacksonville, to take into consideration the subject of the formation of a 
Grand Lodge. The report is here given : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 131 

"The committee appointed to attend the Masonic convention at Jacksonville, 
on 27th December, 1839, respectfully report: 

"That they attended the sittings of the convention, and participated in its 
deliberations, at the time and place appointed. There was not a general attend- 
ance of delegates from the different Lodges of the State, though letters were 
read from nearly all not represented, approving of the object of the convention. 
After consultation it was unanimously determined that a Grand Lodge should 
be formed for the State of Illinois. The first Monday of April next was fixed 
upon as the day for the assembling of another convention at Jacksonville, when 
it is expected the Lodges generally will be represented, the place for the per- 
manent location of the Grand Lodge will be selected, the officers elected, and 
the Grand Lodge finally constituted. 

"All which is respectfully submitted 
(Signed) " M. HELM, ") 

A. LINDSEY, Y Committee." 
J. ADAMS. J 



CHAPTER XIII. 



1840. 



GRAND LODGE. 

It will be remembered that the delegates of Springfield Lodge re- 
ported that the convention of Dec. 27, 1839, had adjourned to the first 
Monday in April, 1840, then to meet and organize the Grand Lodge. For 
some reason not now apparent, the convention assembled on the 20th 
January, A. D. 1840, when the following proceedings were had : 

"At a convocation of Masons composed of delegates from several of 
the subordinate Lodges in Illinois, held in Masonic hall, in the town of 
Jacksonville, on the 20th day of January, A. D. 1840, A. L. 5840, it was 
unanimously 

"Resolved. That it is expedient and proper that a Grand Lodge for the State 
of Illinois be established upon principles consistent with, and subordinate to 
the general regulations and ancient constitutions of Freemasonry, and that 
Bros. W. B. Warren and W. S. Vance of Jacksonville, and J. Adams and M. 
Helm, of Springfield, be a committee to correspond with the several Lodges in 
this State and ask their co-operation and assistance, and request their attend- 
ance by representative or proxy, at a convocation to be holden at Jacksonville, 
on the 6th day of April, A. D. 1840, A L. 5840, for the purpose of discussing the 
propriety of establishing a Grand Lodge for the State of Illinois, and deter- 
mining the best place for locating the same." 

In regard to this matter, Bodley Lodge took the following action: 
"It was moved by Bro. Holton, that the "W. Waster and Wardens be 
our representives to the convention of Lodges to be held in Jacksonville, 
on the first Monday in April next, relative to forming a Grand Lodge 
in this State. It was then moved that Bro. Luce and Secretary [E. M. 
Davis] be a committee to correspond with the other Lodges on the sub- 
ject of forming a Grand Lodge in this State." 
The action in Equality Lodge was as follows : 

"Ordered, That John T. Jones, of Jacksonville, 111., be appointed proxy for this 
Lodge in the convention of Masons, to be held in this State, and that he be 
requested to vote, as such proxy, for the town of Springfield, as the place of hold- 
ing the meetings of a Grand Lodge in this State." 

Rather queer that, asking a brother to represent a Lodge, and then to 
vote against his own town. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 133 

Temperance Lodge took no action regarding the matter. Springfield 
Lodge passed the following: 

"On motion, the W. M., Sr. and Jr. Wardens were appointed a com- 
mittee to attend the adjourned convention that met in Jacksonville on 
the 27th December last, and Bros. Gray, Webster, and Killaly were 
apointed to fill any vacancy which may occur in said committee." 

Columbus Lodge passed the following : 

" A letter from the brethren of Jacksonville Lodge, respecting the 
formation of a Grand Lodge for the State of Illinois, was read, and 
ordered to be filed, when Bro. Chapman offered the following resolutions, 
which were accepted : 

"Resolved, By the Columbus Lodge, that the W. Master and Wardens be and 
hereby are a committee to attend a meeting of delegates from the several Lodges 
of this State, at Jacksonville, on the 4th day of April next, approving of the ex- 
pediency of forming a Grand Lodge of this State. 

"Resolved, That Quincy, in Adams county, be recommended as a suitable place 
for the location of said Grand Lodge. 

"Besolced, That in case the Master and Wardens should not be able to attend 
said meeting of delegates, that they be hereby authorized to appoint some suit- 
able member of this Lodge to attend said meeting." 

On Monday, the sixth of April, delegates and proxies met in Jackson- 
ville. We shall use the record as printed, correcting such mistakes as 
occur therein. 



" In pursuance to said correspondence [alluding to the action of Jan- 
uary 20th,] a convocation was held at Masons' Hall, in the town of 
Jacksonville, on the 6th day of April, A. D. 1840, A. L. 5840. 

" Present : J. T. JONES, W. M., 

W. B. WARREN, S. W., 

A. DUNLAP, J. W., 

A. V. PUTNAM, Sec., 

S. W. LUCAS, Treas., 

W. S. VANCE, S. D., 

J. M. LUCAS, J. D., 

A. C. DIXON, S. and S.,* 

" Bro. James Adams appeared as representative of Springfield Lodge No. 26. 
" H. Rodgersf and H. Dill.J of Bodley Nodge No. 29.g 
" W. D. McCann, Columbus Lodge No. 20. 
" J. T. Jones, proxy, Equality Lodge No. 102. 
" D. Rockwell, Far West Lodge No. 29. 
" W. B. Warren and A. Dunlap, Harmony Lodge No. 24. 

"A Lodge of Master Masons was opened, according to ancient form 
and usage. 



* Tyler, t Rogers. J Dills. gXo. 97. 



134 HISTOEY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

" On motion, a committee of Breth. Vance, Adams, and Rodgers* were 
appointed to examine the credentials of delegates and proxies, and report 
immediately. 

" The committee reported the following Lodges to be regularly repre- 
sented: Bodley, Springfield, Columbus, Far West, and Harmony; and, 

" On motion of Bro. Rodgers, Equality was admitted by its proxy. 

" The object of the meeting having been fully considered, it was unani- 
mously 

"Resolved, That the several subordinate Lodges of Ancient Free Masonry in 
the State of Illinois here assembled, represented by delegates and proxies 
properly authorized, consider it as a matter of right, and as conducive to the 
general benefit of Masonry, that a Grand Lodge be established in the State of 
Illinois, and that they now proceed to establish, organize, and locate the same 
accordingly, to be known and designated by the name of the GRAND LODGE OF 
ILLINOIS. 

"On motion, Breth. Warren, Jones, and McCann were appointed a 
committee to draft and report a Constitution and By-Laws for the gov- 
ernment of the Grand Lodge. 

" On motion, a ballot was had for the purpose of locating the Grand 
Lodge, which resulted in no choice. 

" On motion, the Grand Lodge was then called from labor to refresh- 
ment. 

"3 o'clock P. M. The Grand Lodge was called from refreshment to 
labor. Present, the same officers and brethren as in the morning. 

"The committee to draft a Constitution and By-Laws, reported that 
they had performed that duty. 

" The Constitution and By-Laws having been amended, were adopted. 

" A ballot was then had upon the location of the Grand Lodge, which 
was decided in favor of Jacksonville. 

" On motion, the Grand Lodge then went into a ballot for officers, 
whereupon the following officers were elected, viz.: 

" M. W. ABRAHAM JONAS, G. M., 
R. W. JAMES ADAMS, D. G. M.; 
W. W. S. VANCE, G. S. W., 
H. ROGERS, G. J. W., 
W. B. WARREN, G. Sec., 
A. DUNLAP, G. Treas. 

" On motion, Breth. Warren, Vance, and Dunlap were appointed a 
committee to have the Constitution and By-Laws printed. 

" On motion, the Grand Secretary was authorized to procure a seal for 
the Grand Lodge; when, 

"On motion, the Grand Lodge was called from labor to refreshment 
until the last Tuesday in April, instant, 2 o'clock P. M. 

* Rogers. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 135 

" TUESDAY, April 28th, A. D. 1840, A. L. 5840. 
" The Grand Lodge was called from refreshment to labor. 
" Present : R. W. JAMESl ADAMS, D. G. M., 

w. w. s. VANCE, G. s. w., 

SAMUEL W. LUCAS, G. J. W., 

W. B. WARREN, G. S., 

A. DUNLAP, G. T., 

P. COFFMAN, G. S. D., 

A. V. PUTNAM, G. J. D., 

A. C. DIXON, G. S. and T. 

" The following representatives appeared and took their seats, viz. : 
<; Brothers James Adams, of Springfield Lodge ; 
" W. B. Warren and A. Dunlap, of Harmony Lodge; 
" J. T. Jones, proxy, Equality Lodge; 
" W. S. Vance and D. Rockwell, proxy, Far West Lodge. 

" Visiting Brethren. J. T. Sigler, C. Ludlum, J. Gregory, of Harmony Lodge, 
and Dawson, St. Louis Lodge No. 20. 

"On motion, all but Past Masters having retired, a convocation of 
Past Masters was declared, and the M. W. Grand Master installed by 
proxy, and the grand honors paid him agreeably to ancient form and 
usage. The convocation was then dissolved, and the M. W. Grand 
Lodge was called from labor to refreshment until to-morrow morning at 
8 o'clock. 

" WEDNESDAY MORNING, 8 o'clock. 

" The Grand Lodge was called to labor again. Present the same 
officers and members as yesterday. 
. "The R. W. Grand Master appointed Brothers 

" P. Coffman, of Jacksonville, G. S. D. ; I. R. Gray, of Springfield, G. J. D. ; Rev . 
H. W. Osborn, of Morgan county, G. C. ; M. Helm, of Springfield, G. M. ; A. C. 
Dixon, of Jacksonville, G. S. and T. 

"The officers were then installed agreeable to ancient form and usage. 
" Springfield Lodge then surrendered the charter under which she had 
been working, and received one from this Grand Lodge as No. 4. 
" Harmony Lodge surrendered her charter and received one as No. 3. 
" On motion, 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be authorized to issue charters to the fol- 
lowing Lodges, viz.: To Bodley Lodge as No. 1, Equality as No. 2, Far West as 
No. 5, and Columbus as No. 6. 

"Resolved, That Brother Grand Secretary be directed to make inquiry of the 
officers of the late Grand Lodge of Illinois what disposition was made of the 
jewels and furniture of said Lodge. 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be authorized to have the proceedings of 
this convocation printed, and transmit copies to the several Grand Lodges in the 
United States, the Canadas, and Texas, and request a correspondence with them. 

"No further business appearing, the Grand Lodge was closed in due 
form and harmony. 

"JAMES ADAMS, D. G. M. 
"Attest : W. B. WAHREN, Grand Secretary." 



136 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

FIRST ANNUAL COMMUNICATION. 

"At a Grand Annual Convocation of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, held 
at Jacksonville, on Monday, the 20th day of October, A. D. 1840, A. L. 
5840, 

Present : M. W. A. JONAS, G. M. 

R. W. J. ADAMS, D. G. M. 
W. S. W. LUCAS, G. S. W., pro tern. 
H. DILLS, G. J. W., pro tern. 
W. B. WARREN, G. Sec. 
A. DUNLAP, G. Treas. 
P. COFFMAN, G. S. D. 
M. STAGEY, G. J. D., pro tern. 
M. HELM, G. M. 
C. LUDLAM, G. P. 
A. C. DIXON, G. S. and T. 
' Representatives : No. 1, HARRISON DILLS, W. M. 

No. 3, A. DUNLAP, S. W. LUCAS, and JOHN GREGORY. 
No. 4, M. HELM, JAMES ADAMS. 
No. 6, A. JONAS. 

"VISITING BRETHREN. J. T. Sigler, J.M.Lucas, A. V. Putnam, Willis Tandy, 
and B. Wherrit. 

" The Grand Lodge was then opened in the third degree of Masonry, 
according to ancient form and usage. 

" On motion, the W. Master was authorized to appoint the following 
standing committees, to-wit : 

" On Returns of Lodges, Petitions and Grievances, Finance and Ac- 
counts, To examine Visiting Brethren, 

" A petition from several brethren residing at or near Peoria, was re- 
ceived and read by brother G. Secretary, and referred to the Committee 
on Petitions and Grievances. 

" On motion of Bro. Dunlap, all Master Masons in good standing are 
invited to visit the Grand Lodge at its present communication. 

" On motion, the Lodge was called from labor to refreshment until 
half-past 2 o'clock this afternoon. 



"MONDAY EVENING, Half Past 2 o'clock P. M. 

" The Grand Lodge was called from refreshment to labor. The same 
officers and members as this morning. 

"The M. W. Grand Master announced the following committees : 

"On Returns of Subordinate Lodges. Breth. Adams, Helm, and Gregory. 
"On Petitions and Grievances. Breth. Dills, Dunlap, and Stacy. 
"On Finance and Accounts. Breth. Lucas, Ludlum, and Coffman. 
"To Examine Visiting Brethren. Breth. Helm and Gregory. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 137 

" On motion, the Grand Lodge then went into a ballot for the election 
of officers for the ensuing year, and until their successors shall he duly 
elected and installed, when the following officers were declared duly 
elected, to-wit : 

"M. W. A. JONAS, of Columbus, G. M. 
R. W. JAS. ADAMS, of Springfield, D. G. M. 
W. A. DUNLAP, of Jacksonville, G. S. W. 
W. H. DILLS, of Quincy, G. J. W. 
W. W. B. WARREN, of Jacksonville, G. Sec. 
W. P. COFFMAN, of Jacksonville, G. Treas. 
Rev. H. W. OSBORN, of Morgan co., G. Chap. 
S. A. DOUGLAS, of Springfield, G. Orator. 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That the M. W. Grand Master appoint the balance of the Grand 
Officers of this Grand Lodge, 

" Who signified his pleasure to do ao on to-morrow morning. 
" On motion, 

"Resolved, That Harmony Lodge No. 3, Springfield Lodge No. 4, and Columbus 
Lodge No. 6, be required to pay Grand Lodge dues for the last six months, and 
that Bodley Lodge No. 1 be excused from paying dues for the past six months, 
said Lodge not having surrendered her former charter until the month of August 
last. 

" On motion, the Grand Lodge was called from labor to refreshment 
until to-morrow morning, at 11 o'clock. 



MORNING, 10 o'clock A. M. 
"The Grand Lodge was called to labor. 

"Present: M. W. A. JONAS, G. M. 

R. W. J. ADAMS, D. G. M. 
W. A. DUNLAP, G. S. W. 
H. DILLS, G. J. W. 
W. B. WARREN, G. Sec. 
P. COFFMAN, G. Treas. 
M. STACY, G. S. D. 
M. HELM, G. J. D. 
C. LUDLUM, G. M. 
A. V. PUTNAM, G. P. 
A. C. DIXON, G. S. and T. 
"Representatives of subordinate Lodges the same as yesterday. 

"The M. W. Grand Master made the following appointments, in pur 
suance of a resolution of the Grand Lodge, viz.: 



138 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Breth. W. D. McCANN, of Columbus, D. G. S. 
M. HELM, of Springfield, G. S. D. 
J. CROCKER,* of Quincy, G. J. D. 
S. W. LUCAS, of Jacksonville, G. M. 
C. LUDLUM, of Jacksonville, G. Tyler. 
LUCIEN B. ADAMS, of Springfield, \ r 
T. G. JOHNSON,t of Quincy, | u ' b< 

L. GRIPPING, of Columbus, G. S. B. 
JOHN GREGORY, of Jacksonville, G. P. 

"On motion, the following amendments were offered to the By-Laws 
of the Grand Lodge, viz.:" 

As these amendments are of but little importance at this time, a 
synopsis will be given instead of the original. 

The first, which was an amendment to Section 2, provided that no 
visitor should be permitted to vote, nor to speak, without permission 
first had. 

The second, an amendment to Section 3, By-Laws, provided that no 
brother should be eligible to the offices of Grand or Deputy Grand Master, 
unless he had passed the chair in a regular Lodge, " unless in case of 
emergency." 

The third amended Section 12 by providing that an expelled Mason 
could not be restored except by the Grand Lodge, and that such restora- 
tion did not restore him to membership, without the unanimous consent 
of the brethren of the Lodge affected. 

The fourth was to strike out Sections 14 and 15. Section 14 provided 
that upon the demise of a Lodge, its books, papers, jewels, etc., were to 
be transmitted to the Grand Secretary. Section 15 conferred jurisdiction 
in matters of discipline over all non-affiliated Masons, within the terri- 
torial limits of the Lodge. 

Number five related to amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws, 
and embodied much the same law that now exists.- 

The sixth provided for the appointment by the Grand Master of a 
Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges, to consist of three members; 
a Committee on Petitions and Grievances; a Committee on Finance and 
Accounts, to consist of three members each ; and a Committee to Exam- 
ine Visitors, to consist of two members. 

Amendments to the Constitution, providing for the election of officers 
on the 2nd day of the Annual Communication, giving to each Lodge 
"one vote collectively from its representation, agreed on amongst them- 
selves," the Grand, Deputy Grand Masters, one vote each, and Past 
Grand Masters and Past Masters, one vote collectively, and adding to 
the list of officers, "Grand Orator," were introduced. All these, as well 
as a motion to strike the word "Jacksonville" from the by-laws and in- 



* Crockett, t F. G. Johnston. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 139 

sert "Springfield," were laid over until the next communication of the 
Grand Lodge. But to resume : 

" The committee upon Returns, upon leave given, made the following 
report : 

" ' The Committee upon Returns beg leave to report: That they have exam- 
ined the proceedings of Lodges Nos. 1, 3, 4, and 6, and find them correct, and 
dues paid. Lodges No. 2 and 5 are not represented at this communication, and 
have not sent any returns. Your committee would recommend the adoption of 
the following resolution, viz.: 

" 'Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be directed to correspond and ascertain 
why they have failed to be represented at this communication, and have sent 
no returns. 
"'All of which is respectfully submitted. 

" ' M. HELM, 
J. ADAMS, 
JNO. GREGORY.' 

"The Committee upon Petitions and Grievances made the following re- 
port : 

" ' The Committee on Petitions and Grievances beg leave to submit that they 
have had under consideration the petition of sundry Masons at Peoria, for a dis- 
pensation to work, and find that they have not complied with the sixth section 
of the by-laws of this Grand Lodge. They would therefore beg leave to recom- 
mend said petition to the favorable consideration of the Grand Lodge, and that 
the Grand Secretary be directed to grant them a dispensation whenever the 6th 
section of the By-laws shall be complied with. 

"'All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"'A. DUNLAP, 
H. DILLS.' 

" On motion, the above suggestion was adopted by the Grand Lodge, 
and Bro. D. G. Master directed so to inform the petitioners. 
"The committee on Finance made the following report, to-wit: 

'" The undersigned, one of the Committee on Finance, begs leave to report 
that he has examined the account of the Grand Secretary, and finds it correct, 
and supported by the proper vouchers. 

'"C. LUDLTJM.' 

" All but Past Masters having retired, a convocation of Past Masters 
was declared. 

" The M. W. Abraham Jonas, Grand Master elect, was introduced, and 
installed according to ancient form and usage. Also, R. W. James 
Adams, as D. Grand Master elect, was introduced and installed. The 
Convocation of Past Masters was dissolved, and the Grand Lodge stood 
open in the Master's degree, when Alexander Dunlap, G. S. W.; H. Dills, 
G. J. W.; W. B. Warren, Gr. Sec.; P. Coflman, G. Treas.; M. Helm, G. S. 
D.; S. W. Lucas, G. M.; C. Ludlum, G. T. officers elect were installed and 



140 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

received their respective jewels, when the Grand Master, Deputy Grand 
Master, and Grand Wardens received the congratulations of the breth- 
ren. 

" On motion, brother Grand Secretary was directed to have the pro- 
ceedings of this communication printed and distributed. 

"ABRAHAM JONAS, 

Grand Master. 
"W. B. WARREX, 

Grand Secretary." 



The whole membership reported to the Grand Lodge was ninety-seven. 
Add to this thirty for Equality and Far West Lodges, not returned, and 
the total number owing allegiance to the Grand Lodge of Illinois, in 1840, 
was one hundred and twenty-seven. Bodley Lodge numbered thirty-two. 
Their names we here give : H. Dills, Hiram Rogers, Thaddeus Monroe, 
J. H. Luce, Andrew Miller, John Crockett, Jos. Hedges, Michael Most, 
Jos. Ralston, J. W. Whitney, J. H. Holton, Rev. C. L. Daubert, Charles 
Brown, David Whipple, Enoch Conyers, James Murphy, Richard M. 
Young, Edward Turner, H. L. Simmons, John Woolf, E. M. Davis, 
Henry F. Maire, Henry T. Thompson, Christian F. Ruoff, F. G.Johnston, 
Thomas Jasper, Thomas C. King, Damon Hauser, Thomas Carter, J. 
Greenwell, Jno. Wood, and Samuel Jonas. 

Harmony Lodge numbered 21, as follows : Alexander Dunlap, S. W. 
Lucas, John Gregory, A. V.Putnam, C. Ludlum, P. Coffman, W. B. War- 
ren, A. C. Dixon, George Henry, George Hackett, Richard Henry, James 
T. Holmes, John T. Jones, Dennis Rockwell, James A. McDougall, 
Clark Roberts, Francis Robinson, William S. Vance, Mathew Stacy, 
John T. Sigler, and Josiah M. Lucas. 

Springfield No. 4 numbered 29, viz.: M. Helm, Alexander Lindsey, 
James Adams, L. S. Corn well, M. Doyle, M. J. Kelly, J. S. Killaly, James 
Maxey, James R. Gray, Philo Beers, B. C. Webster, W. Cudmore, Sam'l. 
L. Hesser, Joseph Firey, Isaac R. Braucher, Win. Harvey, Francis 
Springer, Stephen A. Douglas, James Zwisler, Alexander Shields, James 
F. Reed, J. Wickersham, John Uhler, James Briggs, John S. Roberts, L. 
B. Adams, F. A. McNeil!, James Shepherd, Henry Carrigan. 

Columbus Lodge returned 14 members, as follows : Abraham Jonas, 
Daniel Harrison, J. G. Driskill, A. Tousalin, W. D. McCann, James 
Magorian, A. J. Short, G. W. Thompson, James S. Logan, Moses S. Hud- 
nal, W. H. Chapman, Cyrus N. Williams, William Bayne, David P. 
McNeal. 

BODLEY LODGE NO. 97. 

The following members were added to this Lodge during 1S40 : Thomas 
Jaeper, Jan. 4; James Hedges and Damon Hauser, Jan. 14; Samuel 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 141 

Jonas and C. F. Ruoff, Feb. 3; T. C. King, Mar. 16; Jacob Gruell, July 
13; C. L. Daubert, Sept. 7; John Steinagle, Oct. 5; William Coyne, Oct. 
19 ; Joshua B. Ijahms, Nov. 2. Brothers Jonas, Daubert, and Steinagle 
were affiliated the rest raised. McClain, Asbury, and Murphy were 
demitted, and H. F. Thompson and J. W. Whitney suspended; the latter, 
however, being soon after re-instated. 

April 20, Brother Rogers made report of the organization of the 
Grand Lodge. 

June 24, semi-annual election. Bro. Dills (having been summoned to- 
attend the meeting), was elected W. M. ; Hiram Rogers, S. W. ; T. Mon- 
roe, J. W.; A. Miller, Treas. ; J. H. Luce, Sec'y. 

July 6, the committee of finance reported that there was in the hands 
of the treasurer, in notes, $83.65; due on account, $84.18; that "the 
Lodge owes about $63.25 ; in the treasurer's hands," ninety-three cents. 
The elected officers were duly installed. 

July 13, the following committees (standing) were appointed: "On 
Grievances, Ralston, Monroe, Johnston; on Accounts, Jonas, Rogers, 
Thompson, and King; on Charity, Dills, Luce, Jasper, and Miller; on 
Inquiry, Holton, Crockett, Conyers, and Hedges." Bro. C. L. Daubert 
was appointed a delegate to attend " the annual communication of the 
Grand Lodge of Kentucky for 1840." John Crockett and John Steinagle 
appointed Deacons; H. F. Maire, Tyler. 

Sept. 7, the W. M. and Wardens were appointed delegates to the 
Grand Lodge of Illinois, to be held in October. 

October 12, Bro. Dills made his report of the doings of the Grand 
Lodge, and on Nov. 2 the charter granted by the Grand Lodge of Illi- 
nois was accepted, and the Secretary directed to inform the Grand Lodge 
of Kentucky of the fact. This brings us under the necessity of chang- 
ing our title from Bodley Lodge No. 97, to 

BODLEY LODGE NO. 1. 

December 7th, the Lodge resolved to celebrate St. John's Day, and 
"every brother was requested to bring with him a lady." 

December 27th, 9 o'clock A. M., the following officers were elected : 
J. H. Holton, W. M. ; J. N. Ralston, S. W.; John Crockett, J. W.; T. 
Monroe, Treasurer; and William Coyne, Secretary. The officers were 
then publicly installed by Grand Master Jonas, who also delivered an 
oration, whereupon " the procession was then re-formed, with the ladies 
of the brethren in front, and having conducted them to the hotel, they 
partook of the refreshments provided." 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 102. 

But two brethren were raised by this Lodge in the year 1840, viz. : 
William Forrester, March 4; and John R. Smoote, March 7. 



142 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

In the record of March 4, we find the following entry : "After some 
alarm at the door for the first time, by Cowans, the Lodge was closed." 

June 6, the following article of the by-laws was enforced, as to a 
brother who had been guilty of profanity : " The Master shall publicly 
reprimand any of the brethren who shall commit any irregularity or 
indecorum in open Lodge. But as drunkenness and profanity are 
atrocious and intolerable, whoever shall dare violate the congregation of 
the brethren in either of these ways, shall, by order of the W. M., be 
led out of the room, and not permitted to enter without making proper 
concession to the Lodge." The brother thus punished was at the time 
Junior Warden. 

June 17, the Lodge resolved to celebrate St. John's Day, and ordered 
the fact published in the " Western Review, and Gallatin Republican." 

June 24, the following officers were elected : A. W. Pool, W. M. ; 
James W. Hamilton, S. W.; R. T. Hopper, J. W.; S. Holt, Secretary: 
William Siddall, Treasurer; J. E. Watkins and J. R. Smoote, Deacons; 
Beverly R. Young, Tyler. After an oration by Bro. Edmund Jones, the 
day was celebrated by a dinner at the house of Bro. Hopper. 

August 5, Bro. Willis Stewart, of Louisville, was appointed to repre- 
sent the Lodge in the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. 

December , the Lodge elected officers. The W. M., S. W., Treasurer, 
S. D., and Tyler, were re-elected. Thos. H. Leavell was elected J. W. ; 
R. T. Hopper, Sec'y; John M. Burnett, J. D. 

HARMONY LODGE NO. 3. 
We have no records of this Lodge for 1840. 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 26. 

The members added to this Lodge by raising during 1840, are as fol- 
lows : James Briggs, Feb. 13 ; J. F. Reed, March 12 ; Alexander Shields, 
April 22; Lucien B. Adams, May 1; Francis Springer, May 13; Stephen 
A. Douglas and Francis A. McNiell, June 26 ; James Shepherd and 
Henry Carrigan, June 29 ; John B. Broadwell, Dec. 7; William T. Pride 
and William Mitchell, Dec. 21; Daniel Turney, Dec. 23. 

Feb. 13, the silver cup ordered for Bro. James Adams was presented. 

Feb. 26, Bro. Alexander Shields asked leave to demit, and on March 
12 it was decided that as he was "an Entered Apprentice only, his 
request was out of order." 

April 22, the petition of Stephen A. Douglas was presented, and 
referred to Breth. Doyle, Harvey, and Roberts. 

May 1, the delegates to the convention which organized the Grand 
Lodge reported as follows : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 143 

" The committee appointed to attend the convocation to be held at Jackson- 
ville on the first Monday in the month of April, 1840, for the purpose of organ- 
izing a Grand Lodge in and for the State of Illinois, respectfully report that they 
attended at Jacksonville at the time aforesaid, and then and there acted in the 
said convocation, with the delegates from the respective Lodges there repre- 
sented, and then and there, in conjunction with the said Lodges, made a consti- 
tution and by-laws for the government of the Grand Lodge, and proceeded to 
an election of the officers for the regular Masonic organization of a Grand 
Lodge, the location of which to be at Jacksonville, Illinois. 

(Signed) "J. ADAMS, ) 

J. R. GRAY, I Delegates." 

J. S. KILLALEY.J 



On May 4, the charter granted by the Grand Lodge of Illinois was 
received and accepted, consequently we will hereafter designate this 
Lodge as 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 4. 

June llth, Stephen A. Douglas was initiated, and on June 24th 
passed. July 15th, the following action was had : 

" It appearing that Thomas M. Neale is a brother Mason, and now ly- 
ing very ill, and although he is not a member of this Lodge, yet it 
appearing that his family is in want of some necessaries, it is ordered 
that the committee of Charity be authorized to appropriate the sum of 
$20 for the use of the family, at the discretion of said committee." 

September 7th, Bro. Killaly offered the following preamble and resolu- 
tion, which were laid over until the next meeting : 

" WHEREAS, At a meeting of delegates from various Lodges of this State, held 
nt Jacksonville in December last, to consider and decide upon the propriety and 
expediency of forming a Grand Lodge for the State of Illinois, and to adopt 
such preliminary measures as might be deemed necessary towards the organi- 
zation of a Grand Lodge, it was unanimously agreed that the permanent location 
of said Grand Lodge should be determined by a majority of the subordinate 
Lodges in this State, each. Lodge having one vote; and 

WHEREAS, At the subsequent .meeting of delegates in April last, which con- 
stituted the present Grand Lodge, its location was decided upon in a manner 
different from that agreed upon at the preliminary meeting aforesaid, and giving 
to some Lodges an undue preponderance over others in said decision; and 

" WHEREAS, This Lodge believes that the only fair and equitable mode of 
settling that question, involving the convenience and interest of all the 
subordinate Lodges, and of each equally, is by the vote of the said Lodges, as 
such, each Lodge having one vote; and 

" WHEREAS, This Lodge will never be satisfied with, or silently acquiesce in 
the decision of said question, not procured in this or some similar way ; there- 
fore, 

" Resolved, That this Lodge does hereby protest against the decision aforesaid, 
and instructs its delegates to the approaching annual communication to have 
said decision annulled, and the question of the permanent location of the Grand 
Lodge determined by a majority of the votes of all the subordinate Lodges, or 
in some other mode equally calculated to secure to each Lodge its due share of 
influence." 

September 15th, the above preamble and resolution were passed, and 
the Secretary directed to write to the Lodges at Hillsboroand Vandalia, 



144 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

and request them to withdraw from the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and 
unite with the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 

December 21st, "Bro. William Mitchell, of Peoria," made application 
for the second and third degrees. Bro. Mitchell was afterwards Grand 
Secretary of the Grand Lodge. 

December 28th, officers as follows were elected : Meredith Helm, "W. 
M.; Love S. Cornwell, S. W.; Stephen A. Douglas, J. W.; Maurice Doyle, 
Treasurer; Francis A. McNeill, Secretary; Francis Springer, Chaplain ; 
S. L. Hesser, Tyler. Breth. Zwisler and L. B. Adams were appointed 
Deacons, and Bro. Harvey Master of Ceremonies. The officers being 
installed, the Lodge was closed. 

The visitors to Springfield Lodge during this year were numerous. 
Among them were William Hodge, of Temperance Lodge; Hart Fellows, 
of Carrollton ; Wm. S. Vance, No. 3 (J. G. W.) ; D. McMurphy, A. V. Put- 
nam, and A. C. Dickson, of Harmony Lodge ; John Bennett (now W. M. 
No. 19 at Petersburg) ; John Logan, John S. Bradford (now a member of 
No. 333) ; John Turney, formerly of Eden Lodge No. 11; Wm. J. Gatewood, 
of Equality Lodge; Harry Wilton, of Mt. Moriah Lodge; William Stad- 
den, John T. Jones, of Harmony Lodge ; J. A. McDougall and R. J. 
Hamilton, the latter formerly of Union Lodge No. 10. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE No. 27. 

The members added by raising to this Lodge, during this year, are 
as follows: J. C. Wheeler, Jan. 13; A. S. Thompson, Feb. 10; Zophar 
Case, Feb. 19; Q. C. Alexander, March 8; E. A. Haden, March 30; Jo- 
siah T. Bradley, April 13; Henry Scott, April 24; Jeremiah Abbott, 
April 29; Henry H. Neely, Dec. 3. June 24, St. John's Day was duly 
celebrated at the " Inn" of Bro. Greenupj thirty-six brethren being pres- 
ent. July 13, the following officers elected June 15 were installed*: 
Asahel Lee, W. M.; H. C. Remain, S. W.; D. B. Hodge", J. W.; AlVin 
Washburn, Treasurer; William Hodge,' Secretary ; A. Boudafad and A. 
S. Thompson, Deacons; Jeremiah Abbott, Tyler. September 8, Bro.' V J. 
M. Peery was buried with Masonic honors. September 14, the Lodge at 
Carlyle was recommended. December 18, the following offic'ers wete 
elected: John D. Gorin, W. M.; H. C. Remann, S. W.; Williafn Hodge, 
J. W; Q. C. Alexander, Secretary; -Thos. H. Kirkman, Treasurer; A. S. 
Thompson and A. Bourland, Deacons; Moses Phillips, Tyler. 

FAR WEST LODGE NO. 29. 

The raisings by this Lodge we can give only from October, as the 
records from September 27th, 1839, to that time, are not in our possession. 

Francis J. Dunn was raised October 21st, which was all the work done 
by the Lodge in 1840, that we have any knowledge of. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 145 

COLUMBUS LODGE U. D. 

The following were raised by this Lodge during this year : A. J. 
Short, Jan. 7th ; C. N. Williams, May 25th ; William Bayne, June 24th ; 
D. P. MeNeall, Dec. 28th. April 3d, W. D. McCann was appointed a 
delegate to the Grand Lodge of Illinois. Dec. 28th, the following officers 
were elected : Lytle Griffing, W. M.; W. D. McCann, S. W.; J. S. Logan, 
J. W.; A. Tousalin, Secretary; G. W. Thompson, Treasurer; M. L. Hud- 
nail and C. X. Williams, Deacons ; Wm. Bayne and D. P. McNeall, 
Stewards ; A. J. Short, Tyler. 

MOUNT MORIAII LODGE U. D. 

This Lodge still remained under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri, having sent no delegate to the convention for forming the 
Grand Lodge, nor, as far as the records of the Lodge show, taken any 
notice of such convention, or the Grand Lodge which was organized 
thereby. 

The raisings reported by this Lodge during 1840, we here present:: 
J. B. Collins, March 4; C. J. Eicheson and Ira Boone, April 1; D. D. 
Shumway, Sept. 2 ; B. Kelly, Sept. 20 ; C. B. Hartwell, Nov. 4. January 
18, the lodge allowed sundry bills, and ordered the W. M. to send to- 
St. Louis for a " box of candles, if there is sufficient funds in the treasury 
to pay for the same." The Lodge at this meeting resolved to build a. 
hall, " over the shop of the W. M." Bro. H. P. Gay was elected Secretary 
for the remainder of the term for which Bro. Stinson was appointed. 
August 5, Robert Crow was affiliated. Oct. 3, the M. W. was appointed 
" representative to the Grand Lodge in the State of Missouri, at St. 
Louis." Nov. 4, the charter was received, and on the same day the 
Lodge constituted as No. 33. The hall which the Lodge had ordered 
built was evidently so built, as at the meeting of December 2 the Lodge- 
was not opened, owing to the inclemency of the weather and the un- 
finished condition of the hall. 

CLINTON LODGE U. D. 

Oct. 10 A dispensation authorizing Zophar Case, Joshua T. Bradley, 
Edmund A. Haden, Henry Scott, Franklin Hervey, M. McLaughlin, 
Wm. Kelly, H. Wilton, Oliver Dunn, W. C. White, and Thomas Whitton, 
to open and hold a Lodge in the town of Carlyle, was granted by M. W. 
P. H. McBride, Grand Master of Missouri. This Lodge was not organ- 
ized until January 20, 1841. 

FRANKLIN LODGE. 
This Lodge did no work during this year. 

10 



146 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

FRIENDSHIP LODGE. 

The record of the first meeting of this Lodge we here present: 

" At a meeting of Ancient York Masons, held in the town of Dixon, on 
6th November, A. D. 1840, A. L. 5840, the following brethren were 
present, viz.: Samuel Johnston, Thomas Dexter, John Van Arnam, 
Isaac Robinson, M. P. Kerr, Jacob "Whipple, Henry Brewer, W. A. 
Merritt, and G. A. Martin. 

"The dispensation from the Grand Lodge of Kentucky was received 
and read, authorizing this Lodge to work under the name of Friendship. 

" The following officers were appointed in said dispensation : Bro. 
Samuel Johnston, W. M.; E. G. Nichols, Senior, and Wm. A. Merritt, 
Junior Wardens. 

"The Lodge proceeded to the election of officers for the ensuing year, 
when the following brethren were duly elected &nd proclaimed accord- 
ingly, viz.: G. A. Martin, Sec.; John Van Arnam, Tr.; M. P. Kerr, S. D.; 
.Alvin Humphry, J. D.; Isaac Robinson, Tyler. 

" Bro. Samuel Johnston, W. M. elect, was then introduced, and in- 
stalled according to ancient form and usage. Breth. Wm. A. Merritt, 
J. W.; G. A. Martin, Sec.; John Van Arnam, Tr.; M. P. Kerr, S. D.; and 
Isaac Robinson, Tyler, were installed. Breth. E. G. Nichols, S. W.; and 
Alvin Humphry, J. D., were not present. Breth. M. P. Kerr, S. W., 
pro tern.; H. Brewer, S. D.,pro tern.; and J. Whipple, J. D.,pro tern, 

"The Entered Apprentice's Lodge was then opened, and entered upon 
business. 

" Bro. Samuel Johnston offered the following resolution, which was 
read and adopted, viz.: 

"Resolved, That a committee be appointed to prepare a code of by-laws for 
Friendship Lodge, with instructions to report at the next regular meeting the 
result of their labor. 

" Whereupon, Breth. Robinson, Van Arnam, and Martin were appointed 
said committee. 

" Bro. Van Arnam offered the following resolution, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That the regular communication of Friendship Lodge shall be 
holden on Thursday on or the next preceding every full moon, in the town of 
Dixon, at the hour of 1 o'clock P. M. 

" Bro. Samuel Johnston offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That if any of the members of this Lodge choose to advance (or loan) 
money for the purpose of buying indispensible materials, said money shall be 
returned to the creditor the first received (if required). 

" Whereupon, Breth. John Van Arnam advanced $5, Isaac Robinson, 
$2, which was paid over to the Treasurer forthwith. 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 147 

" There being no further business, the Lodge was closed in peace and 
harmony, according to ancient form and usage, until the next regular 

communication. 

"G. A. MARTIN, Secretary." 

This Lodge held but one other meeting during the year, at which 
by-laws were adopted. 

OTTAWA LODGE. 

The following information regarding this Lodge we obtained from 
Bro. McCorkle, Grand Secretary Grand Lodge of Kentucky : 

"Ottawa Lodge Xo. 114, at Ottawa, Illinois, dispensation granted December 19, 
1839, George Breckenridjre being G. Master, Swigert, G. Secretary. Chartered 
September, 1840, Abner Cunningham being G. Master, Swigert, G. Secretary. 
John R. Hall was the first Master. It was authorized to unite with the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois, in September, 1841." 

The records of this Lodge for 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, and 1844, we 
are informed by R. W. Bro. Easton, can not be found. 



CHAPTER XIV. 



1841. 



GRAND LODGE. 

The Grand Lodge met at Jacksonville, Monday, October 4. 

The following grand officers were present: M. W. Abraham Jonas r 
Grand Master; Alexander Dunlap, Senior Grand "Warden; Harrison 
Dills, Junior Grand Warden ; W. D. McCann, Dep. Grand Secretary ,- 
P. Coffman, Grand Treasurer; Meredith Helm, Grand Senior Deacon; 
John Crockett, Junior Grand Deacon; A. V. Putnam, Grand Marshal, 
pro tern.; John Gregory, Grand Pursuivant; M. J. Kelly, Grand Sword 
Bearer, pro tern.; A. C. Dixon, Grand Tyler, pro tern. 

Five Lodges were represented, as follows : Bodley, No. 1, by. Harrison 
Dills and John Crockett; Harmony, No. 3, by John Gregory, Mat. Stacy, 
and G. Hackett; Springfield, No. 4, by M. Helm and P. J. Shepherd; 
Columbus, No. 6, by W. D. McCann; and Macon U. D., at Decatur, by 
Geo. A. Patterson. Equality and Far West Lodges were not.represented. 

The following visiting brethren were present: Henry Carrigan, Z. P. 
Cabiniss, Chas. W. Chatterton, Sam'l Matlack, L. B. Adams, M. Lindsay, 
Samuel L. Hesser, A. Y. Ellis, Harrison A. Hough, M. J. Kelly, and 
Maurice Doyle, of Springfield Lodge No. 4; Chapin Allen and George 
Hackett, of Harmony, No. 3 ; and V. B. Holmes, of Randolph Lodge, 
Tennessee. 

Petitions for dispensations for Lodges at Joliet, Chicago, and "Dixon, 
were referred, also the returns and work of Macon Lodge U. D. 

The following committees were appointed : 

" On Returns and Work of Lodges, Breth. Dills, Shepherd, and Stacy 

" On Petitions and Grievances, Breth. Helm, Crockett, and Hackett. 

" On Finances and Accounts, Breth. Dunlap, Doyle, and Dickson. 

"To Examine Visiting Brethren, Breth. Gregory and Patterson." 

The Grand Secretary was authorized to have the Constitution re- 
printed, and three copies sent to each Lodge. 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 149 

The committee appointed to inform Bro. Stephen A. Douglas of his 
election as Grand Orator, reported that owing to the inability of that 
brother to be present and perform the work assigned him, they had 
selected Bro. James A. McDougall, who had signified his acceptance of 
the post. 

Bro. Helm having moved an amendment to the By-Laws giving the 
Grand Wardens one vote, collectively; and to strike out the word "Jack- 
sonville," and insert "Springfield," and full power given the Grand 
Marshal to arrange for a procession when the officers were installed. 
The Grand Lodge was called off until Tuesday morning. 

On Tuesday, the Grand Lodge again assembled. Present as on the 
day previous. 

The Committee on Returns and work of Lodges made the following 
report : 

" The Committee upon Returns and Work, beg leave to make the fol- 
lowing report That they have examined the returns of the following 
Lodges, viz.: 

" Nos. 1, 3, 4 and 6, and find the work and returns of Lodges NOB. 1, 3, 
and 6 to be correct, and in accordance with the ancient usages of Masonry. 
The returns of Springfield Lodge No. 4, the majority of the committee 
think to be incorrect, in not showing the date of the reception of peti- 
tions, for initiation, passing, and raising of candidates, as laid down in 
the form of returns to be observed by subordinate Lodges. Your com- 
mittee had before them the records of said Lodge No. 4, and find that 
the Lodge has, in several instances, received the petition and initiated 
the candidate on the same evening, and also have passed and raised 
candidates at the same sitting of the Lodge which course of work the 
majority of your committee believe to be in violation of the spirit of 
Masonry. 

" The majority of your committee would further report that they have 
examined the returns and work of Macon Lodge, and report tjiat said 
Lodge, in receiving petitions and initiation of candidates, and passing and 
raising of candidates, have fallen into the same error as Springfield Lodge 
No. 4. Your committee would recommend that said Lodge have its dis- 
pensation continued for one year. Your committee would further recom- 
mend that Macon Lodge pay to this Grand Lodge the sum of five dol- 
lars, agreeably to the By-laws of this Grand Lodge, and also a charity 
fund of three dollars. 

" WESTERN STAR LODGE. Your committee would further report that, 
from the returns of this Lodge they have no means whereby to judge of 
the work of said Lodge ; but would recommend that the dispensation 
of said Lodge be continued for another year by this Grand Lodge. 

" Your committee would recommend the adoption of the following 
resolutions : 



150 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Resolved, \. That this Grand Lodge instruct all the subordinate Lodges 
under its jurisdiction to not act on any petitions, unless the same has laid over 
at least one month, or from one stated meeting until the next regular stated 
meeting of the Lodge. 

" 2. That the Grand Secretary be directed to furnish each Lodge under the 
jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge, with at least two copies of the Constitution 
and By-Laws of the Grand Lodge, and also with at least a like number of copies 
of the proceedings of this Grand Lodge. 

" 3. That no subordinate Lodge ought to receive the petition of any applicant, 
whose known place of residence is nearer some other Lodge than the Lodge to 
which the application is made, without the Lodge in his circuit shall recom- 
mend his petition. 

" All of which is respectfully submitted. 



Bro. Shepherd made the following minority report : 

" The minority of the committee appointed to examine the returns 
and work of the subordinate Lodges, beg leave to report that we are 
under the necessity of differing with a majority of your committee. 
First, as it regards the work of Springfield Lodge No. 4, and are not pre- 
pared to make a difference of opinion as a Lodge (as it regards the re- 
ceiving of members of which the Lodge should be the judge), a violation 
of the spirit of Masonry, and therefore beg leave to differ in opinion 
with the majority of your committee on this point. 

"Second, the minority beg leave to differ also with the majority of the 
committee in their report on the Macon Lodge, and would recommend 
that they be granted a charter by this Grand Lodge. 

"The minority are prepared to agree with the majority of the com- 
mittee on the other matter in their report. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted by 

"JAMES SHEPHERD. 

" On motion of Bro. Helm, 

"The reports were laid upon the table until 2 o'clock." 

The Grand Lodge then proceeded to the "Rev. Mr. Todd's Church," 
where Bro. McDougall delivered an oration. 

Upon the return of the Grand Lodge, charters were voted to the Lodges 
at Dixon, Chicago, and Joliet, upon compliance with section six of the 
Grand Lodge By-Laws. 

The following grand officers were then elected : M. W. A. Jonas, of 
Columbus, G. M.; R. W. M. Helm, of Springfield, D. G. M.; W. A. Dun- 
lap, of Jacksonville, S. G. W.; W. H. Dills, of Quincy, J. G. W.; M. R. F. 
A. McNeill, of Springfield, G. C.; James Shields, of 'Springfield, G. 0.; 
W. B. Warren, of Jacksonville, G. Sec.; P. Coffman, of Jacksonville, G. 
Treas.; G. Hackett, of Jacksonville, G. T., when the Grand Lodge was 
called off until 2 o'clock P. M., at which time it again met, when the 
following appointments were announced: John Crockett, of Quincy, S. 
G. D.; Saml. Matlack, of Springfield, J. G. D.; W. D. McCann,of Colum- 
bus, D. G. Sec.; A. C. Dickson, of Jacksonville, G. M.; John Gregory, of 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 151 

Jacksonville, G. P.; James Magorian, of Columbus, and A. V. Putnam, of 
Jacksonville, G. Stewards; M. Doyle, of Springfield, G. S. B. The 
elective officers were then duly installed, the Grand and Deputy Grand 
Masters being installed in a Lodge of Past Masters, and the remainder 
in the Master's degree. 

The report of the Committee on Returns and Work was then taken up, 
and the following action had : 

"On motion of brother Dills, the report of the Committee on Returns 
and Work of Lodges was taken up in committee of the whole, Brother J. 
T. Jones, P. M., in the chair. 

" The Grand Lodge having spent some time in committee of the 
whole, on motion, the committee rose and reported progress. 

"The question being on the adoption of the 1st resolution in the re- 
port, when Brother Helm offered the following amemdment: 

" Except in case of emergency, by the unanimous consent of the mem- 
bers present: and when there is no reason to believe that any absent 
brother has an objection to the candidate; and when each member shall 
have been previously notified of the application." 

" After some discussion, the question on the amendment was rejected . 

"And on motion, the resolution was adopted. 

" On motion of Brother Dills, the second resolution was adopted. 

" The 3d resolution was then taken up. Brother J. T. Jones offered 
the following substitute, which was read and adopted: 

" Resolved, That subordinate Lodges be cautious how they act upon petitions 
of persons residing remote from the place of application: And provided, the ap- 
plicant lives within twenty-five miles of a Lodge, not to entertain said petition 
without a recommendation from the same. 

" Brother Jones offered the following resolution, which was read and 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That from the explanation made by Brother Patterson, that the 
irregularity in the work of Macon Lodge, referred to by the committee on that 
.subject, be overlooked, and that a charter be granted to said Lodge." 

Bro. Dunlap moved to strike out of the By-laws, the words "First 
Monday in October," and insert "First Monday in August." 

The report of the Finance Committee showed that the Grand Secretary 
had received $124, which amount had been paid to the Treasurer. After 
directing the Grand Secretary to communicate with delinquent Lodges, 
notifying them to be represented at the next annual convention, or their 
charters would be forfeited, and'providing for the publication of rejec- 
tions, expulsions, etc. The Grand Lodge closed. 

Bodley Lodge reported 34 members, Harmony 23, Springfield 39, 
Columbus 17, Macon U. D. 10. Total 123. 

The Constitution, By-laws, and the oration of Bro. McDougall, are 
printed with the proceedings of this year. 



152 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

BODLEY LODGE NO. 1 

Raised in 1841 as follows: Henry D. Dills, March 8; J. M. Pitman, 
March 9. January 4, the Finance Committee reported debts due the 
Lodge to amount to $220.99 ; cash in Treasury, $8.75; debts due by the 
Lodge, $154.49. June 23, officers as follows were elected : J. H. Holton, 
W. M.; Hiram Rogers, S. W.; J. H. Luce, J. W.; "Wm. Coyne, Sec.; T. 
Monroe, Treas. The following were appointed : J. M. Pitman and Har- 
rison Dills, Deacons; J. Steinagle, Steward and Tyler. At this meeting, 
"a communication was received from John C. Bennett and others, of 
the city of Nauvoo, asking this Lodge to recommend to the Grand Lodge 
of the State, certain individuals whose names were therein contained, 
to be appointed Master and Wardens of a Lodge to be established at said 
city ; but as those persons were unknown to this Lodge as Masons, it was 
thought prudent not to do so. The letter was returned to Bro. H. Rogers 
with instructions how to act upon it." November 8, the Lodge buried, 
with the honors of Masonry, the remains of Bro. Daniel Whipple. 
December 6, a petition for a Lodge at Warsaw was presented, and the 
Secretary directed to correspond with the petitioners, and directing " one 
petitioner to examine the rest and report to the Lodge;" and on Decem- 
ber 20, the petition of the brethren in and about Warsaw was recom- 
mended. Officers, as follows, were elected on December 27 : Hiram 
Rogers, W. M.; J. H. Holton, S. W.; J. N. Ralston, J. W.; T. Monroe, 
Treasurer; William Coyne, Secretary; Pitman and Davis, Deacons ; J. 
Hedges, S. and Tyler. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 102. 

This Lodge did no work during this year. 

At the meeting of April 3, Brethren Wm. J. Gatewood, Jos. E. Wat- 
kins, and Edmund Jones were appointed "a committee to correspond 
with the Grand Lodge of Kentucky." What the object of this corres- 
pondence was is not stated, but we presume it was in relation to severing 
the connection of the Lodge with that Grand Lodge, in order to unite 
with the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 

June 24, the following brethren were elected officers : Wm. J. Gate- 
wood, W. M. ; A. W. Pool, S. W.; J. E. Watkins, J. W. : Wm. Siddall, 
Sec.; John R. Smoote, Treas.: J. W. Hamilton and R. T. Hopper, 
Deacons; Beverly R. Young, Tyler. 

June 28, the petition of sundry brethren at Shawneetown for a new 
Lodge was recommended. 

November 12, the remains of " Bro. Thomas Holland Leavell, aged 43 
years," were interred with the solemn funeral service of the Fraternity. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 153 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE XO. 4. 

The raisings reported by this Lodge during this year are as follows: 
James Shields, Jan. 4; W. B. Egan, Jan. 25; Braxton Parrish, Jan. 27; 
Willis Allen and J. M. Kelly, Feb. 3; J. Steinfield, Feb. 4; Morris 
Lindsay and John Dougherty, Feb. 15; S. H. Treat and Stephen G. 
Hicks, Feb. 17: Joseph W. Ormsbee, A. Y. Ellis, and Michael Glynn, 
Feb. 24; George R. Webber, March 1 ; Z. P. Cabanis, April 19; Ebenezer 
Stout, June 7; Charles W. Ohatterton, Aug. 2 ; Augustus Hays, Sept. 15. 

Feb. 22 was observed as follows : 

"Monday, Feb. 22, the Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 

"Members present: M. Helm, W. M.; L. S. Cornwell, S. W.; S. A. 
Douglas, J. W.; M. Doyle, Treasurer; F. A. McNeill, Secretary; Jas. 
Zwisler, S. D. ; L. B. Adams, J. D. ; L. S. Hesser, Tyler; the members 
of the Lodge generally, and many visiting, all properly accredited. 

" A Master Mason's Lodge was opened in due form. The Lodge 
was then called from labor to refreshment until 4 o'clock P. M. In 
the meantime a procession was formed, agreeably to previous arrange- 
ments, of all the brethren present, who repaired in Masonic order to the 
State House, where they listened to an excellent Masonic address by 
Bro. Woodson, of the House of Representatives, after which the brethren 
formed again in procession and marched to the Globe Inn, where they 
partook of an excellent dinner provided for the occasion. The pro- 
cession being again re-formed, returned to the Lodge, where, at the 
appointed hour, the Graft, were again called from refreshment to labor. 
No further business appearing for the benefit of Masonry, the Lodge 
was then adjourned till to-morrow evening at the usual hour." 

At the meeting of Feb. 23, Bro. Woodson was requested to furnish his 
oration for publication. 

April 19, Bro. S. A. Douglas resigned his station as Junior Warden, 
and Bro. James Shepherd was chosen to fill the vacancy. At this 
meeting Bro. Helm offered the following resolution, which, on his 
motion, was laid on the table until the next meeting of the Lodge : 

"WHEREAS, In the judgment of this Lodge, circumstances which are incom- 
patible with the peace, harmony, and well-being of the Lodge, and which are 
otherwise incurable; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That Springfield Lodge No. 4 be and it is hereby dissolved, and 
that it cease to exist, work, or act in any manner or form from and after the close 
of the present meeting. 

" Resolved, Sd. That the Secretary be directed to return to the Secretary of 
the Urand Lodge our charter, together with a copy of the foregoing resolutions, 
signed by the Master, and countersigned by the Secretary." 

April 22, the question on the adoption of Bro. Helm's resolution came 
up, when the following action was had: 



154 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS 

" Bro. J. Adams moved an amendment to the above resolution, viz. : 
That the resolutions be laid on the table until the next regular meeting, 
which was accepted by the original mover. The resolution was 
negatived. 

" Moved, that the preamble and resolutions be laid on the table for 
the present. Carried. 

"Moved, that if the brethren, members of this Lodge who are willing 
to withdraw and form a new Lodge, shall do so, this Lodge hereby 
agrees to recommend the petition of said brethren for a dispensation, 
and to pay them seventy-five dollars out of the funds of this Lodge to 
assist them in the formation of their new Lodge. 

" The following amendment was proposed, to-wit : ' The said seventy- 
five dollars to be paid at the regular meeting of this Lodge in the month 
of June next.' 

"The question was put upon the passage of the amendment. Carried. 

"The question was put upon the passage of the resolution as amended. 
Carried." 

On April 26, the following action was had : 

"Bros. Alexander Lindsay, Morris Ltndsay, Alexander Shields, J. R. 
Braucher, George R. Webber, L. B. Adams, and W. T. Pride asked leave 
to withdraw as members of this Lodge, which was granted. 

"A petition to the Grand Master for a dispensation to form a new 
Lodge, signed by the above brethren, was then presented for a recom- 
mendation by this Lodge. On motion, 

"Resolved, That this Lodge recommend said petition to the favorable consid- 
eration of the Grand Master. 

"Resolved, That so much of the first section of the 9th Art. of the by-laws as 
requires members withdrawing from the Lodge to pay dues for the quarter 
current, be suspended, and that they, the brethren who have withdrawn to- 
night, be remitted their dues for the present quarter. Passed unanimously. 

" Whereupon the Deputy Grand Master addressed the Lodge, and 
after having given the Lodge various wholesome advice, concluded by 
assuring them that in future he would refrain altogether from taking 
part in the ordinary business of the Lodge." 

The dispensation thus recommended, was not granted. 

June 24th, Bro Helm resigned his station as W. M., whereupon Bro. 
Love S. Cornwell was elected to fill the vacancy. 

June 28th, a petition for a new Lodge at Decatur, signed by Breth. 
Leonard Ashton, George A. Patterson, William LaForge, Elijah League, 
Henry Prather, Joseph King, and James Ashton, was recommended. 
At this meeting the following was passed : 

" Bro James Shields presented the following preamble and resolution, 
which on motion were unanimously adopted : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 155 

"WHEREAS, Dr. M. Helm, late Master of this Lodge, has felt it his duty to resign 
the office which he so long exercised with distinguished ability and universal 
satisfaction ; and 

" WHEREAS, It is just, proper, and Masonic that genuine merit should always 
be appreciated and openly approbated by the enlightened brotherhood of Free- 
masons; therefore 

" Resolved, That the brethren of this Lodge unanimously tender to Dr. M. 
Helm, our late Worshipful Master, thereof, their sincere and grateful thanks, for 
the able, efficient, and satisfactory manner in which he discharged his trust 
while acting as Master, and for his disinterested, untiring, and successful efforts 
in the cause of Freemasonry." 

Sept. 27th, Bro Cornwall resigned as W. M., and Bro. Helm was 
elected to fill the vacancy. Dec. 27th, the following officers wers elected : 
James Shepherd, W. M.; William Harvey, S. W.; James Zwisler, J. "W.; 
Edward Jones, Sec.; M. Doyle, Treas.; F. Springer, Chaplain ; James 
Maxcy, Tyler; and the following were appointed : Samuel Matlack, 
M. of C.; George R. Weber and John Uhler, Deacons. 

FAR WEST LODGE NO. 29 

Raised as follows, during this year: Joseph Doplar, Dec. 4th.; J. 
Stewart, Dec. 27th. The following officers were elected at the last 
named meeting: Charles Gear, W. M. : John Turney, S. W.; John Mc- 
Nulty, J. W.; Daniel Wann, Treasurer; James Rice, Secretary; R. 
Pattison and M. Faucet, Deacons ; J. Stewart and J. Doplar, Stewards ; 
Joseph Dunlap, Tyler. 

COLUMBUS LODGE NO. 6. 
We have no information regarding this Lodge during the year. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE NO. 27 

Raised as follows : C. N. Halstead, May 10th ; Alex. H. Barnes, Dec. 
13th. May 7th, the Lodge buried, with the forms of our ritual, all that 
remained of Bro. A. Bourland, Junior Deacon of the Lodge at the time. 
Angust 9th, the officers that should have been elected June 24th, previous, 
were elected "to serve from the 24th June last," as follows : N. "M. 
McCurdy, W. M.; D. B. Hodge, S. W.; A. S. Thompson, J. W.; T. C. 
Kirkman, Treas. ; Q. C. Alexander, Secy. ; H. C. Remann and Wm. 
Hodge, Deacons: Moses Philips, Tyler. 

Dec. 13, the Lodge again elected officers, with the following result : 
D. B. Hodge, W. M.; H. C. Remann, S. W. ; W. T. Hopkins, J. W. ; 
J. D. Gorin, Treas. ; Q. C. Alexander, Sec. ; N. M. McCurdy and Wm. 
Hodge, Deacons; Moses Phillips, Tyler. 

FRIENDSHIP LODGE U. D. 

Raised during 1841 the following: Horace Preston, James Campbell, 
James McKinney, June 17; T. H. March, June 23; Smith Gilbraith, 



156 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Richard Loveland, A. Morehouse, July 31; D. B. McKinney, Stephen 
Fuller, August 29. 

May 28, eight dollars was appropriated as balance due the Grand 
Lodge of Kentucky for the dispensation. June 3, the following officers 
were elected: Samuel Johnston, W. M.; G. A. Martin, S. W.; W. A. 
Merritt, J. W.; John Van Arnarn, Treasurer; Isaac Robinson, Tyler. 
The Lodge at this meeting resolved to celebrate St. John's Day. June 17, 
the committee of arrangements for St. John's Day reported that they had 
procured the upper room of the Court House, for the purpose of having 
an oration delivered by Bro. J. B. Crist, of Oregon. James Campbell 
and James McKinney were appointed Deacons. June 23, the Lodge re- 
solved to apply to the Grand Lodge of Illinois for a charter. June 24, 
the day was celebrated, and the officers installed by Bro. \Vm. J. Mix, 
of Oregon, when an oration was delivered by Bro. J. B. Crist, also of 
Oregon. August 29, the committee appointed to draw up a petition to 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois for a charter, reported, and the petition 
drawn by them was approved; whereupon, the Lodge was closed until 
the charter was received 

MACON LODGE U. D. 

The record of the first meeting of this Lodge we here present, remark- 
ing that the dispensation (which is recorded in full) is omitted, being 
in the usual form of such documents : 

" FIKST COMMUNICATION OF MACON LODGE. 

" The Lodge met pursuant to previous notice and appointment, at their 
hall in Decatur, on the 17th day of July, A. L. 5841, A. D. 1841. 

"Present: G. A. Patterson, W. M.; Joseph King, S. W.; Wm. Laforge, 
J. W.; Henry Prather, Sec. and T., p. t.; Elijah League, S. D., p. L; 
Leonard Ashton, J. D., p. t.; James Ashton, S. and T., p. t. 

"The Lodge was called to order by the W. M., and proceeded to busi- 
ness in due and ancient form by opening on the Master's degree. 

" Bro. Henry Prather presented a code of by-laws for the regulation of 
this Lodge, which being read, on motion of Bro. L. Ashton, the same 
was unanimously adopted as the by-laws of this Lodge. 

" On motion of Bro. King, the blank in the dispensation was filled by 
inserting the word 'Macon/ by which the dispensation now reads 
' Macon Lodge.' 

"On motion of Bro. King, the name of 'Elijah Laforge' in the dis- 
pensation, which was so written by mistake, was altered so as to read 
' Elijah League.' 

"On motion of Bro. King, the name of Henry Prather, one of the 
petitioners for the dispensation, which was omitted in the dispensation 
by mistake, was inserted. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 157 

"On motion of Bro. King, the dispensation, as amended, was ordered 
to be spread upon the records as part of the records of the Lodge. 

" Bro. Prather presented the petition of W. \V. Oglesby, praying for 
the benefits of Masonry, recommended by James Ashton and vouched 
for by Jos. King; whereupon, the W. M. appointed Breth. H. Prather 
and L. Ashton a committee on said petition. 

"On motion of Bro. L. Ashton, that section of the by-laws requiring a 
petition to lie over for one month was dispensed with, and the committee 
on the petition of W. W. Oglesby instructed to report forthwith. 

" Whereupon, the committee, after consultation, reported favorably. 
A ballot was then taken, and found clear. 

" Bro. Prather then presented the petition of Henry Hummel, praying 
for the benefits of Masonry, recommended by E. League, and vouched 
for by If. Prather; whereupon, the W. M. appointed Joseph King and 
L. Ashton a committee on said petition. 

" On motion of L. Ashton, so much of Sec. 1, Art. 5, of the by-laws, as 
requires a petition to lie over one month for consideration, was dispensed 
with, and the committee on the petition of H. Hummel instructed to 
report forthwith. After consultation, the committee reported favorably, 
wherepon, a ballot was taken on the petition of H. Hummel, and found 
clear. 

"No further business appearing in this degree for the benefit of Ma- 
sonry, the Lodge closed, and a Lodge of Entered Apprentices was opened 
in due form. 

" W. W. Oglesby and H. Hummel being in waiting, were severally 
initiated as Entered Apprentice Masons. 

" The Lodge was then called from labor to refreshment until Monday 
evening, 19th inst." 

This dispensation was granted to Breth. George A. Patterson, Joseph 
King, "William LaForge, Leonard Ashton, James Ashton, Elijah League, 
and Henry Prather, and was recommended by Springfield Lodge No. 4. 
Bro. Patterson was named as Master, Joseph King, S. W., and William 
LaForge, J. W. The dispensation was dated July 1, 1841, and signed by 
Abraham Jonas, G. M., and attested by W. B. Warren, G. Sec. The 
following brethren were raised during the year: W. W. Oglesby, July 
19 ; Henry Hummel and Joel S. Post, August 28: Charles II. Pringle, 
A. S. Williams, and Jerome B. Gorin, Oct. 18; William Bosworth, De- 
cember 27. 

October 20, the charter granted by the Grand Lodge of Illinois was 
delivered to the Lodge by the W. M., whereupon an election was held 
which resulted as follows : G. A. Patterson was elected W. M.; Joseph 
King, S. W.; Henry Prather, J. W.; A. S. Williams, Treas.; J. R. Gorin, 
Sec.; James Ashton, Steward and Tyler. 



158 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

ST. JOHN'S LODGE, U. D. 

We present the record of the first meeting of this Lodge entire : 

"August 7th, A. L. 5841. Under a dispensation granted by the M. "W. 
G. Lodge of Illinois, received and accepted by the petitioners, they as- 
sembled at their lodge-room on Saturday, 7th of August, A. L. 5841, pro- 
ceeded to open and organize a Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, 
under the style and name of St. John's Lodge. 

"Present: Bro. Luther Woodward, W. M.; Bro. Andrew Kirkpatrick, 
S. W.; Bro. Mathias J. Ross, J. W.; Bro. Asa Holdridge, M. M.; Bro. 
Samuel Norton, M. M.; Bro. Angus McMillen, E. P. 

"A committee was appointed to draft and report a code of By-Laws 
for the government of this Lodge, consisting of Breth. Woodward, Kirk- 
patrick, Ross, and Potter. 

" Breth. Kirkpatrick and Holdridge were appointed a committee to 
procure jewels and furniture for this Lodge. 

" Lodge adjourned to meet again on Saturday, two weeks from this 
day, at 4 o'clock P. M." 

The Lodge did no work, beyond initiating Stephen W. Pain, during the 
year. 

MOUNT MORIAH LODGE NO. 33. 

During the year 1841, this Lodge conferred the Master's degree upon 
the following brethren . John S. Hillis, Feb. 3.; A. Stotesberry, March 
13 ; Josiah C. McHenry and M. J. Blockburger, April 10 ; William II. 
High, April 12; William Wood, Artemus H. Knapp,and McKenzie Tur- 
ner, May 13 ; William Shawn, May 22 ; C. S. Canaday and Daniel Spain- 
hour, May 29 ; Thomas A. Gray, June 3 ; Thomas H. Cory and John D. 
Cline, June 21; A. McMellon, June 22; Horace Mansfield, July 10 ; Eli- 
sha Bass, August 3 ; John Carriker, August 7; Jeremiah Hart, August 
28; Reuben Ross, September 4. 

February 22, the Lodge " at the desire of the citizens of Hillsboro 
and vicinity, joined in the celebration of the birthday of George Wash- 
ington." June 12, " Dr. William B. Herrick" was elected to receive the 
degree of Entered Apprentice, and on June 16, he was initiated, and on 
June 21 was passed. 

CLINTON LODGE, U. D. 

We present the record of the first meeting of this Lodge, which was 
held at Carlyle : 

" On the evening of January 20th, A. L. 5841, the Lodge was organized. 

" Present: J. T. Bradley, W. M.; Zophar Case, S. W.; Henry Scott, J. 
W.; F. Henry, Oliver Dunn, William Kelly, and Michael McLaughlin. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 159 

" Lodge on Entered Apprentice's degree opened. No business in this 
degree ; dispensed with, and Master's Lodge opened instead thereof. 

" There not being any Treasurer, Secretary, or Deacons, the Master 
appointed p. t. Bro. M. McLaughlin, Treasurer; W. Kelley, Secretary ; 
McLaughlin, S. D.; 0. Dunn, J. D.; Franklin Henry, Tyler. A code of 
Bye- Laws for the government of this Lodge were introduced by Bro. 
Bradley, which being read and amended, were adopted for the govern- 
ment of this Lodge. Bro. Scott presented the petition of Mr. W. II. 
Maddox, for initiation, which was referred to a committee of Bros. Henry, 
Dunn, and Kelley. Bros. Bradley, Case, Scott, and Henry were ap- 
pointed a committee to fix a lodge-room. Bros. McLaughlin arid Scott, 
a committee on Furniture. No further business, Lodge was closed. En- 
tered Apprentice's Lodge closed." 

This Lodge conferred the third degree upon the following brethren 
during the year 1841 : W. H. H. Barnes and John A. Goudy, Nov. 16: 
Franklin D. Taylor, Nov. 17. 

March 8, the following officers were appointed : Thomas Moon, Trea- 
surer ; Harry Wilton, J. Deacon. In the record of this meeting we find 
the following entry: 

"Bro. Dunn departed this life at Thomas Bond's house, on the 18th 
February, 1841, 5841, of winter fever." 

November 16, the Lodge was duly constituted as No. 39, by R. W. Bro. 
A. T. Douglas, Grand Visitor Grand Lodge of Missouri, and the following 
officers installed : J. T. Bradley, W. M.; Zophar Case, S. W.; Henry Scott, 
J. W.; 0. H. P. Maxey, Treasurer; C. N. Halstead, Secretary; William 
Kelley, S. D.; Thomas Melton, J. D.; S. Henry, Tyler. 

We present the petition of this Lodge for a charter, with the accom- 
panying letter, in order to show how cautious the brethren of those days 
were in certain matters, and as a contrast to the speed and celerity 
with which they made Masons. 

' To the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the State of Missouri: 

" The petitioners hereof humbly show that they have heretofore obtained from 
said Grand Lodge a dispensation for a Lodge in this town, and have nominated 
and appointed for the first Master, Joshua T. Bradley. There being some dif- 
ference of opinion among the brethren composing our Lodge, whether he could 
preside in a legal manner without having first taken the degree of Past Master, 
we therefore pray your Worshipful Lodge to appoint some suitable person as 
Deputy Grand Master in this region to assemble a Lodge of Past Masters, for 
the purpose of conferring this degree upon our worthy brother, Joshua T. Brad- 
1 ey, and would nominate our Brother Michael McLaughlin, a Past Master, to 
your Worshipful Lodge for that purpose, and as in duty, 4c., will ever pray. 

" ZOPHAR CASE. 
HENRY SCOTT. 

THOMAS MOON." 
" CLISTOX LODGE, CARLTLE ILLS., Jan. 9th, 1841. 



160 HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

" CAKLTLE, Jan. 9th, 1841. 
". B. Dallam, Esq. : 

" SIR : The petition on the other page we wish attended to, and will say that 
we proceed very cautiously, and some are of opinion|that Mr. Bradley cannot legally 
preside without having first taken the degree of Past Master. We wish him to- 
take that degree in order to keep peace and harmony. Should you think it not 
necessary, you will please state the same to us, and if you think it is, we wish, to 
save trouble, to have some person deputised to assemble a Lodge Past Masters, 
for that purpose, and will refer you to Mr. Melody, Ezram Owens, and others, 
some of whom sat in the Chapter with Mr. Laughlin, in either the month of May 
or June, 1838. 

"I am sir. very respectfully yours, 

" ZOPHAR CASE." 

FRANKLIN LODGE. 

We have received from Bro. Gouley, Grand Secretary Grand Lodge of 
Missouri, the proceedings of this Lodge for 1837-'38-'40 and 1841, which 
proceedings were not reported to the Grand Lodge of Missouri until 
1841. 

We shall here give a synopsis of these proceedings from 1838 to 1831 : 
Jan. 6th, the W. M. communicated to the Lodge the intelligence of the 
death of Alexander Hart, late W. M. The usual resolutions of sorrow 
and respect were passed. The petitions of David P. Berry, A. Botkins, 
Thomas R. Wilson, and W. Steine were received and referred. Bro. S. 
C. Pierce, S. W., resigned, whereupon Bro. McFarland was elected to fill 
the vacancy. Feb. 3d, Wilson and Steine, and on Feb. 10th, A. Botkins, 
were initiated. Feb. 23d, Bro. Richard Rogers, a "strange brother," was 
buried with the usual solemnities. March 10th, Wilson and Steine 
passed, and petition of John W. Vance received. March 17th, Bro. Ber- 
ry was passed. There is no record of his initiation. April 7th, petition 
of Henry Ilohoff received, and John W. Vance initiated. May 12th, 
Hohoff initiated. Bro. Howard resigned as Master, and S. C. Pierce was 
elected to fill the vacancy. July 7th, Bro. Berry raised. July 22d, Bro. 
Longdon was buried with Masonic honors. Nov. , the following 
officers were elected : Charles Howard, W. M.; Wilkinson, S. W.; 

Collet, J. W.; S. C. Pierce, Sec.; Jacob C. Bruner, Treas.; Berry, 

Tyler. 

The Lodge held no meetings in 1839 and 1840. May 29th, 1841, the 
brethren were summoned to attend a special communication "at the 
new Court House in the City of Alton," but the meeting was not held. 
Sept. 1st, the following petition was prepared and forwarded to the Grand 
Lodge : 

" To the Most Worshipful Grand Matter, Grand Wardens, and brethren of the G. L. 
of Missouri : 

"BRETHREN: The undersigned, the only remaining members of Franklin 
Lodge No. 22, now residing in Alton, beg leave to make a plain and unvarnished 
statement of the facts in regard to our Lodge, which is now under the censure of 
this Grand Lodge : 



HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 161 

" We sent a delegate to the Grand Lodge, at its regular communication in 
October, 1838, with a transcript of our work for the preceding year. Also the 
amount of our Grand Lodge dues up to that time. That transcript was made out 
by an aged and paralytic (but very worthy) brother, hence its illegibility. The 
dues, it appears, were not paid. As our work was not received, we presume our 
delegate thought it best to retain the money. 

" We have done no woik since Nov., 1838, owing to the death of several of our 
most efficient members, the removal of others, and the entire pecuniary prostra- 
tion of all. We have nothing left to work upon. Nothing but zeal for the cause, 
and love for the fraternity. And we respectfully ask of the Grand Lodge that 
they will not hold the few who remain, and who are poor, accountable for the 
past dues of our Lodge. Brethren, in all frankness and sincerity, we say we are 
not able to pay you without serious injury to our families. 

"'We therefore beseech you brethren, by your bowels of charity to for- 
give the past.' 

"We are now ready to go to work again, and under favorable circumstances 
and trust that hereafter no just cause of complaint will be found against us. 
(Signed by) " CHAS. HOWARD, 

ROBERT McFARLAND % 
JABEZ CARTER, 
J. C. BRUNER, 
WILLIAM LOWE, JR., 
JOHN A. MAXEY, 
HARVEY 8. SUMMERS, 
WILLIAM STEIN, 
WESLEY NOLAND, 
J. W. COLLETT." 
" Sept. 1st A. L. 5841, A. D. 1841. 

Sept. 3d, A. T. Douglas, Grand Visitor presiding. The petitions of 

Daniel M. Kittinger, for initiation, and Dolbee, for affiliation, were 

received. The Lodge did no further work during the year. 

> 
WESTERN STAR LODGE. S/) , 

The following is the only information we are able to give concerning' 
this Lodge : 

" To all and every our Right Worshipful brethren. We the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master of Free and Accepted Masons in the State of Illinois, Abraham Jonas, send 
greeting : , 

" Know ye, that we, at the petition of our Right Worshipful and well beloved 
Brethren R. B. Servant, John W. Gillis, James Roberts, and sundry others, re- 
siding at or near the town of Kaskaskia, in our State of Illinois, do hereby 
constitute the said brethren into a Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, to be 
opened at the aforesaid town of Kaskaskia, by the name of Western Star Lodge, 
under dispensation. And do further, at the said petition, and of the great trust 
and confidence reposed in the above named brethren, hereby appoint Brother 
R. B. Servant, Master ; Jno. W. Gillis, S. W., and James Roberts, J. W., for open- 
ing the said Lodge, with power to confer the degrees of Entered Apprentice, 
Fellow Craft, and Master Mason, until the next grand annual convocation of the 
11 



162 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

Grand Lodge of Illinois, and no longer. And we do hereby require you, the said 
R. B. Servant, to take special care that all and every, the said brethren are, or 
have been regularly made Masons, and that they do perform and observe all the 
laws, rules, and regulations contained in the book of constitutions. And further, 
that you do cause a book to be kept, in which from time to time you cause to be 
entered, an account of your proceedings in the Lodge, together with all the 
regulations which may be made for the government thereof, a copy of which 
you are in no wise to omit laying before the Grand Lodge, together with this 
dispensation, at our next grand annual convocation. 

" Given under our hand and seal of Masonry, at Jacksonville, this March Gth, 
A. D. 1811, A. L. 5841. 

"ABRAHAM JONAS, G. M." 
" W. B. WAKREN, (?. S." 

" JACKSONVILLE, March 6th, 1841. 
" Col. Servant : 

" DEAR SIR: Enclosed I send you a dispensation in accordance with your 
request. It would have been sent sooner, but from the fact that it had to be 
recommended by a Lodge, and none of our members being acquainted with 
you Masonically, it was some time before we could acquire the necessary infor- 
mation. In mailing your letter back and forth it has been mislaid, consequently 
the names of Brethren 8. and J. Wardens, and name of Lodge I have left blank, 
and must request of you the favor of filling the blanks. Our regulations require 
the fee for dispensation to accompany the petition, but have on my own respon- 
sibility entered yours as paid, and you can remit the amount to me. You will 
perceive, by a copy of the by-laws which I send you, that the charge is dispensa- 
tion, $15,00; Secretary fee, $2,00 ; seal, $2,00. Total $19,00. 
" Very respectfully yours, 

"W. B. WARREN." 



CHAPTER XV, 



1842. 



GRAND LODGE. 

The Grand Lodge met at Jacksonville, on Monday, Oct. 3, A. D. 1842, 
A. L. 5842. 

The following grand officers were present: M. W. Abraham Jonas, 
G. M. ; R. W. Meredith Helm, D. G. M.; Alexander Dunlap, S. G. W. ; 
Joseph N. Ralston, J. G. W., pro tern.; Win. B. Warren, G. Secretary; 
Matthew Stacy, G. Treasurer; J. H. Luce, S. G. D.; J. S. Post, J. G. D. : 
A. C. Dickson, G. M. ; John Gregory, G. P. ; George Hackett, G. T. 

The following Lodges were represented : No. 1, J. N. Ralston, R. M. 
Young, J. H. Luce; No. 3, Geo. Hackett, M. Stacy, A. V. Putnam; No. 
4, M. Helm; No. 6, A. Jonas; No. 8, Henry Prather, J. S. Post; Rising 
Sun, U. D., Daniel C. Davis; Rushville, U. D., L. Lusk; Nauvoo, U. D., 
II. Sherwood, L. N. Scovill. 

The Grand Lodge having been opened, and the reading of the pro- 
ceedings of the last communication dispensed with, the Grand Master 
appointed committees as follows : 

On Returns and Work of Lodges. Bros. M. Helm, J. N. Ralston, and 
Henry Prather. 

On Finance and Accounts. Bros. Shepherd, Harvey, and Ludlum. 

To Examine Visiting Brethren. Bros. M. Stacy and W. W. Happy. 

The following visiting brethren were present: George Henry, W. W. 
Happy, James T. Holmes, of Harmony Lodge No. 3 ; J. B. Broadwell. 
A. Y. Ellis, Springfield Lodge No. 4; John Daley, Virginia Lodge, U. D. ; 
and Timothy B. Foot, Nauvoo Lodge, TJ. D. 

The Grand Master reported that he had granted dispensations to form 
new Lodges at Virginia, Oass county; at Vermilionville, LaSalle county; 
Rushville, Schuyler county; Shawneetown, Gallatin county; Peoria ; 
Nauvoo, Hancock county; and Moutrose, Lee county, Iowa Territory. 



164 HISTORY OF 3IASOKRY IX ILLINOIS. 

At the afternoon session, Breth. Zwisler and James Shepherd appeared 
as representatives of No. 4. 

The amendment to the by-laws offered at the last session, giving the 
Grand Wardens one vote collectively, was taken up and adopted. 

The Committee on Eeturns and Work of Lodges reported that they 
had examined the returns and work of Rushville Lodge U. D., and 
found it correct, with the exception of some hastiness in initiations, 
which being explained by Bro. Lusk, it was ordered that a charter issue 
to Rushville Lodge No. 9. Whereupon, upon motion of Bro. Warren, 
Bro. Lusk was invited to take his seat as the representative of that 
Lodge. 

At this juncture the following additional visiting brethren were ad- 
mitted: H. J. Armstrong, William Harvey, William Lavely, and J. H. 
Matheny, all of No. 4. 

M. W. Bro. Jonathan Nye, Past Grand Master of Vermont, was 
received with the grand honors. 

Bro. H. J. Armstrong, of Springfield Lodge No. 4, was recognized as 
the representative of Macon Lodge No. 8, he holding the proxy of Bro. 
Patterson, the W. M. of that Lodge. 

A petition from a number of brethren in Mason county, asking for a 
dispensation for a new Lodge, was presented by Bro. Shepherd. 

The Grand Lodge was then called off until Wednesday morning, at 
which time it again assembled. Present, as on the day previous. 

The reports of the Grand Secretary and Treasurer were referred to the 
Finance Committee. 

On motion of Bro. Helm, a committee on "Foreign Relations" was 
appointed, to whom were referred all foreign correspondence. The 
committee were Breth. Lusk and Dunlap. 

A communication from a convention of Masons, held at Washington 
City, presented by Bro. Lusk, was referred to this committee. The 
annual election was then held, resulting in the election of the following 
brethren : M. W. Meredith Helm, of Springfield, G. M.; R. W. Alexan- 
der Dunlap, of Jacksonville, D. G. M.; W. Levi Lusk, of Rushville, S. G. 
W.; Joseph N. Ralston, of Quincy, J. G. W.; W. B. Warren, of Jackson- 
ville, G. Sec.; Philip Coffman, of Jacksonville, G. Treas.: J. H. Matheny, 
of Springfield, G. Orator; F. A. McNeill, of Springfield, G. C.; George 
Hackett, of Jacksonville, G. T. 

The following appointments were made: Samuel Matlack, of Spring- 
field, S. G. D.; Henry Prather, of Decatur, J. G. D.; Edward Jones, of 
Springfield, D. G. Sec.; A. C. Dickson, of Jacksonville, G. M.; John 
Gregory, of Jacksonville, G. P.; A. V. Putnam, of Jacksonville, G. S.; 
J. P. Zwisler, of Springfield, G. S. B. The Grand Lodge then repaired to 
the "Rev. Mr. Todd's Church," where the officers were installed, and 
an oration delivered by M. W. Bro. Jonas. The Grand Lodge then re- 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 165 

turned and was called off until 3 o'clock, at which time it was again 
called to labor. 

The Committee on Returns and Work reported the Returns and "Work 
of Rising Sun Lodge correct, and recommended the granting of a char- 
ter as No. 12, which was done, and Breth. Davis and "Williams admitted 
as representatives of that Lodge. Upon the recommendation of the 
same committee, a charter was granted to Cass Lodge as No. 11, and 
Bro. Thompson admitted as its representative. 

The following resolution, offered by Bro. Jonas, was adopted: 

"Resolved, That in the opinion of this Grand Lodge, no subordinate Lodge 
should permit a petition for admission or initiation to be withdrawn after a 
committee has been raised to inquire into the character and qualifications of 
the candidate." 

The amendment to the By-Laws offered at the previous communica- 
tion by Bro. Dunlap, changing the time of meeting from October to 
August, was taken up and lost. Breth. Thompson, of Cass Lodge, and 
Armstrong, of Decatur, were granted leave of absence. The following 
resolution, offered by Bro. Jonas, was adopted : 

"Resolved, That from and after the adoption of this resolution, the Grand 
Treasurer and Grand Secretary be annually required to give bond, with approved 
security, payable to the Grand Master for the time being for the faithful and 
lawful disposition of all moneys that may come into their hands belonging to the 
Grand Lodge." 

The Grand Lodge was then called off until 7 o'clock. The Grand 
Lodge being again called to labor, the Committee on Returns and Work 
reported the returns of Lodges Nos. 1, 3, 4, 6 and 8 correct, and recom- 
mended granting of a charter to St. John's Lodge as No. 13, and its 
removal from Vermilionville to Peru, which was accordingly done. On 
motion of Bro. Jonas, the vote granting a charter to Cass Lodge was re- 
considered, and its returns and records recommitted to the committee 
having those matters in charge. 

The following amendment was offered by Bro. Lusk, and laid over 
to the next communication : 

"SEC. 18. No Lodge acting under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge shall 
knowingly receive any candidate in either of the degrees of Masonry that has 
been rejected by any other Lodge, without first receiving the unanimous consent 
of the Lodge that rejected him." 

The majority of the Committee on Returns and Work made the follow- 
ing report on the returns and work of Nauvoo Lodge, U. D: 

" The Committee on Return and Work of Lodges ask leave to report that they 
have examined the returns of Nauvoo Lodge, under dispensation, together with 
the papers and correspondence referred to your committee connected therewith. 

"Your committee regret that the original records of the work of said Lodge 
have not been sent up, as was required by the M. \V. G. Master in his order sus- 
pending the labor of said Lodge; but from the report, as well as the transcript 



166 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

of the proceedings of the Lodge exhibited, the work appears to conform to the 
requirements of this Grand Lodge. 

' It appears, however, from documentary and other evidence before the com- 
mittee, that there is some reason to fear that the intention and ancient landmarks 
of our Institution have been departed from, to an inexcusable extent. The facts 
in the case, however, your committee are of opinion can only be satisfactorily 
ascertained by a careful inspection of the original records, and thorough investi- 
gation of the whole proceedings. Such a course, your committee believe, is due 
as well to the brethren of Nauvoo Lodge, as to this Grand Lodge and the Craft 
generally; and should our fears prove groundless, as the committee still hope 
they will, none will be more benefited by the investigation than the Lodge under 
consideration ; but should they in any considerable degree be realized, the sooner 
the facts are ascertained the better. 

" It appears from the records that the dispensation was granted October 15, 
5841, and the Lodge installed and set to work on the 15th March, A. L. 5842, by 
the M. W. G. Master. Up to the llth August, at which time their labor was sus- 
pended, the Lodge initiated 286 candidates, and passed and raised nearly as 
many. 

"In view of all the circumstances connected with this subject, the committee 
would respectfully recommend the adoption of the following resolutions : 

"1st. Resolved, That the injunction suspending the labors of Nauvoo Lodge 
U. L\, be continued until the next regular communication of this Grand Lodge. 

"2d. Resolved, That a special committee be appointed, whose duty it shall be 
to examine the original minutes of Nauvoo Lodge, and diligently inquire into 
any irregularity or misconduct alleged to have been committed by said Lodge, 
and report the facts at the next regular communication of this Grand Lodge. 



"J. N. RALSTON, 
M. HELM." 



The minority made the following report: 



"The minority of the Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges would re- 
spectfully state that they have examined the returns of Nauvoo Lodge U. D., 
together with all the papers referred to them on the subject of the said Lodge, 
as well as other testimony that have come before them, and would respectfully 
say, that to the minority of the committee, there appears no evidence by which 
the committee can establish any irregularity or departure from the original 
landmarks of the Order, but having reasons to apprehend that irregularities can 
be established, we would respectfully concur with the majority in recommending 
the adoption of the resolutions the majority have reported. 
"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"H. FRATHER. 

" Bro. P. G. M. offered a substitute to the above resolutions, as follows : 

"Resolved, That a special committee be appointed, whose duty it shall be to 
repair to Nauvoo forthwith, and examine the original minutes of Nauvoo Lodge, 
and diligently inquire into any irregularity or misconduct alleged to have been 
committed by said Lodge, and to examine persons and papers connected with 
the subject, and report the facts to the M. W. Grand Master, and if he should 
deem them of such character as to justify such a course, he shall either direct 
the injunction suspending the work of said Lodge to be continued until the next 
regular communication, or direct the dispensation granted by Grand Master 
Jonas to be continued, and the Lodge be permitted to work under the same until 
the next Grand Annual Communication of this Grand Lodge, and that said com- 
mittee be allowed a reasonable compensation for their expenses. 



3N, I Committee." 
t. J 



HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 167 

" Which was concurred in, and the report and resolution, as amended, 
was laid on the table for the present." 
In the matter of Feoria Lodge, the following report was made : 

' The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges respectfully report that they 
have considered the case of Peoria Lodge, U. D., whose delegate, Bro. Davis, is 
here without the returns of his Lodge, they having unavoidably been left behind, 
under peculiar circumstances, already detailed to the Grand Lodge by the 
explanatory statement of Bro. Davis, and now recommend the adoption of the 
following resolution: 

"Resolved, That the Peoria Lodge U. D. be required to hand in, as soon as 
practicable, the return and minutes of their proceedings to the G. M. for his 
inspection, and that if he shall approve the same, a charter shall then be granted 
to said Lodge, upon their paying to the Grand Secretary their proper amount of 
dues and charges. 

"M. HELM, 
J. N. RALSTON, 
H. PRATHER. 

The following action was had in the matter of Cass Lodge : 

"The Committee on Returns and Work, to whom was re-committed their 
report on Cass Lodge, would beg leave to report that they have examined all the 
testimony before them in relation to the action of said Lodge upon a petition, 
the petitioner having been previously rejected by Springfield Lodge, and find 
that Cass Lodge did initiate a candidate after he had been rejected by Springfield 
Lodge, and that they (Cass Lodge) were apprised of the fact; and that subse- 
quently to the initiation, that Cass Lodge was informed by the W. M. of Springfield 
informally of the fact, and afterwards the same person was passed and raised. 
Your committee are not prepared to sanction such actions as usages of Masonry, 
and regret that the subject was not brought before them while the delegate of 
Cass Lodge was present. We would therefore recommend the following resolu- 
tion: 

"Resolved, That at present a charter be refused Cass Lodge, and that their 
dispensation be continued until the Grand Annual Communication of the Grand 
Lodge. 

"M. HELM, 1 

J. N. RALSTON, }- Committee." 
H. PRATHER. J 

Brother Grand Secretary offered a substitute to the above resolutions, 
as follows : 

"Resolved, That the W. Grand Master be authorized, whenever a sufficient 
explanation shall be made to him by the officers of Cass Lodge, to direct the 
Grand Secretary to issue a charter to said Lodge. 

" Which, on motion, was lost, and the original resolution was adopted." 
Bro. Jonas offered the following, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That Bro. Grand Secretary communicate with Cass Lodge on the 
conduct of Bro. John Daley, of that Lodge, and request that they take said 
brother under dealing, and act thereon accordingly." 

Bro. Lusk offered the following, which was laid over temporarily : 

"1st. Resolved, That no Lodge under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge 
shall be allowed to ballot for a candidate for initiation except at a stated meeting, 
nor in a shorter time than one lunar month from the reception of the petition, 
except by dispensation from the M. W. Grand Master. 



168 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"2d. Resolved, That a Lodge ought not to confer more than one degree on a 
candidate in a shorter time than from one regular meeting to another, except in 
cases of emergency, of which they are to be the judges, and in which unanimity 
shall be required." 

A dispensation was granted Bro. John Bennett and six others to form 
and open a Lodge at Petersburg, Menard county, under the name of 
Clinton. This is the petition referred to as being presented by Bro. 
Shepherd. 

Rising Sun Lodge, Iowa territory, was granted one year in which to 
pay its dues and charter fee. 

Resolutions of thanks to Breth. McNeill, Grand Chaplain, Jonathan 
Nye, Past Grand Master of Vermont, the Trustees of the Presbyterian 
Church, and to the "gentlemen who officiated as Musicians" were 
passed. 

The amendment to the By-Laws, offered by Bro. Helm, to change th'e 
location of the Grand Lodge from Jacksonville to Springfield, " was 
taken up and debated, the previous question being called by Bro. Prather, 
was sustained by the Grand Lodge, and the amendment lost." 

The report of the majority of the Committee on Returns and Work, 
relating to Nauvoo Lodge, was taken up and adopted by a vote of Lodges, 
the vote standing "Ayes 10, Nays 1." 

P. G. M. Nye, the Grand Secretary, and Bro. Rogers, of Quincy, were 
appointed a committee raised by the adoption of the report. It was not 
very long after this that Bro. Warren visited Nauvoo in a totally differ- 
ent character, appearing as the agent of an insulted and outraged peo- 
ple, and carrying, as it were, the proclamation of Gov. Ford in one hand 
and the sword in the other, instead of the olive branch. 

The following resolutions, offered by Bro. Samuel H. Davis, of Peoria, 
were adopted : 

"Resolved, That in all cases where regular Lodges, now holding dispensations 
or charters from other Grand Lodges, shall make application to come under the 
jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge, no other fee shall be charged than the Secre- 
tary's, and the W. Grand Master be authorized to issue them without waiting for 
the action of the next annual communication of this Grand Lodge. 

"Resolved, That the M. W. Jonathan Nye, P. G. M. of the Grand Lodge of Ver- 
mont, be admitted an honorary member of this Grand Lodge, and be permitted 
at all times a seat in the same as such." 

The report of the committee on the proceedings of Nauvoo Lodge was 
authorized to be published with the proceedings. Bro. Davis offered 
the following, which was laid over one year : 

"Amendment to By-Laws: Each subordinate Lodge shall have authority to fix 
its own fees for conferring the three degrees and for membership, but no Lodge 
shall charge a less sum than twenty dollars, nor more than thirty for the former 
and not less than two, nor more than five for the latter: provided, that no charge 
of membership shall be made against those who have received the three degrees 
in the Lodge. 

Bro. Shepherd, of No. 4, offered the following, which was laid over to 
the next annual communication : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 169 

"WHEREAS, There have been several attempts made to remove the Grand 
Lodge from Jacksonville to Springfield, and have as often failed; and, 

"WHEREAS, The brethren and others of Springfield are anxious to have the 
Grand Lodge to hold its meetings in their city, and believing in the parable of 
the poor woman in the Scriptures; therefore, 

"Resolved, That the first section of the By-Laws of the Grand Lodge be amended 
by striking out the word 'Jacksonville,' and inserting 'Springfield' in its stead." 

The Grand Lodge refused to adopt a motion to refund the dues of Ma- 
con Lodge. 

Bro. Davis offered the following, which was laid over : 

"Amendment to By-Laws: Whenever the members in any subordinate Lodge 
shall exceed fifty, such Lodge shall be divided; and whenever the average 
members in attendance during a year shall be less than ten, then such Lodge 
shall cease to exist, and shall surrender its charter or dispensation to the Grand 
Lodge." 

The following preamble and resolution, offered by Bro. Jonas, were 
adopted : 

"WHEREAS, It has been represented to this Grand Lodge that there are several 
subordinate Lodges in this State working under the jurisdiction of the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri; and, 

" WHEREAS, This Grand Lodge is in a state of infancy, whilst the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri is in a state of affluence and not doubting her willingness to extend 
the hand of friendship and assistance to her sister Grand Lodge; and believing, 
moreover, that it would be conducive to the interests of Masonry that the Grand 
Lodge of each State should govern and control the Masonic family within its 
bounds; therefore, 

"Resolved, That Bro. Grand Secretary be requested to visit the Grand Lodge of 
Missouri at its next annual communication, and request said Grand Lodge (as 
the Grand Lodge of Kentucky has done) to dissolve the connection existing 
between themselves and the subordinate Lodges in the State of Illinois ; and, 
further, to tender to said Grand Lodge the best wishes of this Grand Lodge for 
her Masonic success, and our desire for an interchange of those social relations 
which have characterized our Fraternity for so many ages." 

Also the following: 

"Resolved, That hereafter no Lodge acting under authority of this Grand Lodge, 
either under dispensation or charter, be authorized to confer either of the 
degrees of Masonry, or anything connected therewith, until the officers of the 
same shall be installed by the Grand or Deputy Grand Master, or some Past 
Master." 

The resolutions offered by Bro. Lusk, regarding the laying over of 
petitions one lunar month, and conferring of degrees in a shorter time 
than should elapse from one regular meeting to another, were taken up, 
and the first adopted, the second lost. 

The Committee on Finance, by Bro. Shepherd, made the following 
report: 

"The Committee on Finance report that they have had the financial concerns 
of the Grand Lodge of Illinois under consideration, and find them to be as fol- 
lows: 

"In the hands of the Grand Treasurer $28 25 State Bank Paper. 

" " " " Secretary 290 00 " " " 

"Total State Bank Paper $318 25 



170 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Also in hands Grand Secretary $43 00 Par Funds. 

" " " " 27 50 Gold. 

14 50 Specie. 

"Total Amount of par funds $85 00 

" LIABILITIES OP GRAND LODGE TO BE MET. 

"A balance due from said Lodge to J. Adams of. .'. $109 00 

"Supposed expenses of printing Minutes of Grand Lodge 30 00 

"Services of the Grand Secretary during communication 20 00 

"Services of Sexton of church 1 00 

" To cash paid out for trimming lamps, oil, an J candles by Tyler 2 12% 

"Services of Tyler for tyling Grand Lodge 4 00 



"Total amount of liabilities $166 12J^ 

" Your committee not having as much time to make out their report as would 

allow them to go into matters in detail, therefore offer the following resolutions: 

"1st. Resolved, That the debt due from the Grand Lodge to James Adams, 

late D. G. M., be paid to him at the close of the next communication, with 12 per 

cent, interest from this date. 

"2d. Resolved, That the Grand Secretary and Treasurer be allowed the privi- 
lege, and required, if possible, to loan all the State Bank paper for one or more 
years, at its face, with or without interest, to good men and approved securities. 
"3d. Resolved, That hereafter the Grand Lodge will only receive from the 
subordinate Lodges par funds for all moneys paid to the Grand Lodge. 
"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"JAMES SHEPHERD. 

"N. B. Balance of available means, after meeting the supposed liabilities, is 
$237.12% calling all the funds par funds." 

"Resolved, That should the Grand Master deem it his duty, after receiving the 
report of the Nauvoo committee, to continue the dispensation to Nauvoo Lodge, 
it shall be the duty of said Lodge to pay up the balance of their Lodge dues, 
before they are permitted to proceed with work. 

"Resolved, That the Grand Master draw on the Treasurer to pay the expenses 
of the Nauvoo committee, and Bro. Secretary's expenses in visiting the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri." 

The Grand Secretary and Treasurer reported as follows: 

" W. B. WARREN, Grand Secretary, in account with the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 
"1842. -DR. 

"This amount on hand to purchase jewels, <fec $64 37 

"Rec'd from Macon Lodge U. D. for dispensation 15 00 

" Peoria, do 15 00 

" " Virginia, do 15 00 

" " Shawneetown, do 15 00 

" " Vermilion, do in part 1300 

" " Nauvoo, dispensation and dues in part 115 00 

" Rushville, do 27 50 

Rising Sun, do. 2625 

" " Springfield, dues 33 00 

" " Columbus, do.., 12 00 

" " Macon, do...., 17 25 

" Bodley, do.... 18 75 

" " Clinton, for dispensation 15 00 

Cass, for dues... 00 

" " Harmony, do 16 50 

"$427 62 



HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 171 

" CONTRA. 

'By 4 aprons furnished this communication $4 00 

"Grand Secretary's fees received by G. Lodge last communication.. ..12 00 

" Ribbons for jewels 3 75 

"Postage and Stationery 2 43 

"Services and expenses to Nauvoo, on the requisition of the Grand 

Master, 6 days 25 0047 18 

"In hands and G. S. due Grand Lodge $380 44 

"JACKSONVILLE, ILL., Oct. 5, 1842. 
' To the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois: 

"The undersigned, Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, would most 
respectfully report that he received from the Grand Secretary, on the 4th of 
October, 1841, $129. That he paid to Bro. James Adams, by order of the Grand 
Master, 4th October, 1841, $50 ; that he paid for printing Constitution, By-Laws, 
and oration by Bro. McDougall, $50.75, the vouchers for which I hereby submit, 
making in the whole, $115.25. This sum being deducted from the amount re- 
ceived from the Grand Secretary (129), leaves the sum of $18.25 in my hands. 
"All of which is respectfully submitted to the M. W. Grand Lodge of Illinois. 

"P. COFFMAN." 

The Committee on Returns and Work recommended the granting of a 
charter to Warren Lodge as No. 14, which was concurred in. The Com- 
mittee on Foreign Communications reported as follows: 

"The Committee on Foreign Communications ask leave to report that they 
have examined the proceedings of the following named Grand Lodges, viz.: 
The Grand Lodges of Kentucky, for the year 1841; Missouri, 1840 and 1841; 
Indiana, 1841; North Carolina, 1840; Mississippi, 1842, and also a Masonic Cal- 
endar of the Grand Lodge of the Republic of Texas, containing a list of the grand 
officers and the Lodges subordinate thereto, and also a constitution of said Grand 
Lodge. These are all the communications that have been received from Grand 
Lodges. 

" Your committee have not been able to find anything therein that requires the 
immediate action of this Grand Lodge, or of general interest, except the action 
of some of the Grand Lodges above named upon the proceedings of a Masonic 
Convention, holden in Baltimore, in March, 1842, which your committee have 
had under consideration, and. after mature deliberation, have been unable to 
bring themselves to any definite conclusion as to the course that this Grand 
Lodge ought to pursue, and therefore recommend that the proceedings of said 
convention be read in open Lodges. 

"Your committee offer the following resolution : 

"Resolved, That this Grand Lodge reciprocate the courtesy of the Grand Lodges 
from which communications have been received, and that the Grand Secretary, 
as soon as convenient, transmit one copy of the proceedings of this Grand Lodge 
at its present communication to each Grand Lodge in the United States, and to 
such foreign Grand Lodges as he may have the address of. . 

"L. L\JSK, 
A. DUNLAP." 

The Grand Lodge was then called from labor until 7 o'clock P. M., 
when it again assembled, and the report of the Committee on Foreign 
Communications was adopted. 



172 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

The Committee on Returns and Work having reported that no returns 
had been received from Dixon No. 7, Juliet No. 8, Ottawa and Kaskas- 
kia U. D., the Grand Secretary was /directed to correspond with these 
Lodges, and ascertain their reasons for not doing so. 

The following resolutions were adopted: 

"Resolved, As the opinion of this Grand Lodge, that it is contrary and incon- 
sistent with the ancient usages and precepts of our Order to withdraw from .1 
subordinate Lodge without some good cause, or to reside in the neighborhood 
of a subordinate Lodge without becoming a member thereof. 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this Grand Lodge be presented to our worthy 
P. W. G. M. Jonas, for the courtesy with which he has presided over the Grand 
Lodge, and for the truly Masonic light and knowledge which he has on all 
occasions disseminated in this Grand Lodge. 

" On motion of D. G. M., it was resolved that a commitee be appointed to 
apply for an act of incorporation to the next session of the Legislature 
of Illinois, when the following committee was appointed : M. W. G. 
Master, D. G. Master, and Bro. Shepard." 

The Grand Lodge then closed. 

The report of the committee appointed to investigate the affairs of 
Nauvoo Lodge U. D., is appended to the proceedings, and is here given: 

" REPORT or THE COMMITTEE OF INVESTIGATION. 

"To the Most Worshipful Meredith Helm, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois : 

"The committee appointed to proceed to Nauvoo and investigate the charges 
of irregularity which had been preferred against Nauvoo Lodge, U. D., have 
performed that duty, and beg leave respectfully to report, that after a careful 
and laborious examination of both persons and papers, they have, with due 
deference, concluded to submit the following suggestions and resolutions : 

"The principal charges which had been made against the Lodge, your com- 
mittee found groundless, and without proof to sustain them. Irregularities have 
obtained in the work of the Lodge, which your committee think strike at once 
at the vital principles of our Order, and the correction of which should not be 
passed over in silence: 1st. The practice of balloting for more than one appli- 
cant at one and the same time. 

" The privilege of balloting for or against an applicant, your committee think 
one of the inalienable rights of our time-honored Institution. The Lodge has 
no right to introduce within its walls any applicant who may be obnoxious to 
any one of its members. Neither has it the right to inquire into the motive 
which actuated or influenced the ballot of any member. 

"Should a member (forgetful of those Masonic principles so often inculcated 
within our sacred walls) reject a worthy applicant out of private pique or malice, 
the wrong is his own, and to his God alone is he accountable. And better far is 
it, in the estimation of your committee, that worthy applicants should be rejected 
time and again, than that the sacredness of the ballot box should be invaded. 

" 2d. On one occasion an applicant, of at least doubtful character, was received 
on a promise of reformation and restitution, with the view of holding his future 
conduct in check, and making him a worthier and a better man. In this instance 
the motive, your committee do not doubt, was good, but whilst they applaud the 
motive, they must condemn the practice, as one fraught with too much danger 
to the Craft ever to be indulged in. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 178 

"In review of the whole subject, your committee find much to regret, much 
to deplore yet they can not bring themselves to believe that the good of the 
Fraternity requires that the injunction should be perpetual; but on the con- 
trary, that justice should be tempered with mercy, and therefore beg leave 
to submit the following resolution: 

"Resolved, That the dispensation of Nauvoo Lodge, U. D., be continued until 
the next Grand Annual Communication of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, and 
should the M. W. Grand Master approve our suggestions, that some brother be 
appointed to attend at some given time, to remind the brethren of the irregu- 
larity of their proceedings, and admonish them in the most friendly manner to 
avoid all such in future. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted by the committee. 

"JONATHAN NYE,) _, ... 
W. B. WARREN. I 09 " 11 " 66 " 

Following this is the order of Grand Master Helm, which we also 
give: 

" Whereas, the Grand Lodge of Illinois, at its late regular annual communica- 
tion, appointed a committee to repair to Nauvoo, and there, by examination of 
persons and papers, diligently to inquire into certain alleged irregularities or 
misconduct of Nauvoo Lodge, U. D.; and, whereas, the said committee having 
discharged the duty assigned them, have reported to me that the principal 
charges against said Lodge are entirely groundless, and that certain irregulari- 
ties in the work of said Lodge, which have been practiced in some instances, 
proceeded, in the opinion of the committee, from error of judgment rather than 
of intention; and, whereas, the said committee, after a full, patient and laborious 
investigation of the case, and in view of all the facts before them in connection 
therewith, have unanimously recommended that the legal existence of said 
Lodge be continued; and, whereas, the high moral character, general intelli- 
gence, and extensive Masonic information and experience of the brethren 
composing said committee, entitle their opinion and recommendations to my 
entire confidence, and should remove from the minds of all any fears that may 
have been entertained respecting the motives and designs of Nauvoo Lodge. 

" Now, therefore, I, Meredith Helm, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the 
State of Illinois, by virtue of the authority vested in me, do hereby order and 
adjudge that the injunction suspending the work of Nauvoo Lodge be removed, 
that the dispensation granted to it by our late Grand Master A. Jonas be con- 
tinued, and the said Lodge be and hereby is authorized and empowered to 
resume work under said dispensation, as a regular Lodge, and carefully avoiding 
the mistakes heretofore committed, and adhering to the ancient landmarks of 
the Order, with the most scrupulous accuracy, to continue in operation till the 
next regular communication of the Grand Lodge, to be held on the first Monday 
of October next, at Jacksonville, Illinois, when and where the said Lodge is 
hereby required to appear, by its legal representatives, with a copy of its pro- 
ceedings, under the authority herein contained. 

" Given under my hand and seal, at Springfield, this 2d day of November, A. D. 
1842, A. L. 5842. 

"MEREDITH HELM, G. M. O. L. S. I. JSEAL: 

The membership reported by the several Lodges, at the Annual Com- 
munication of 1842, we here give: Bodley No. 1, 25 ; Harmony No. 3, 
23 : Springfield No. 4, 43 ; Columbus No. 6, 16 ; Macon No. 8, 22; Juliet 



174 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

No. 10, 25; Rushville U. D., 20; Western Star U. D., 23 ; Cass U. D., 12; 
St. Johns U. D., 10 ; Nauvoo U. D., 253 ; Warren U. D., 8. Total report- 
ed, 480. 

BODLEY LODGE NO. 1. 

But one raising is reported by this Lodge during 1842, which was that 
of Bro. H. S. Cooley, on the third day of January. April 4th, a brother 
who had been suspended, was reinstated, and the following reasons are 
assigned for the reinstatement : "that he had made ample satisfaction to 
the brother with whom he was at variance, and had also become a sober, 
temperate and reformed man, and has joined the Washingtonian Tem- 
perance Society, in which he has pledged his sacred honor, to abstain 
from that beverage which never failed to destroy the qualities of a good 
Mason." May 2d, "A letter was received and read from Nauvoo Lodge, 
U. D., inviting Bodley Lodge No. 1 to participate with them in celebrat- 
ing the aniversary of St. John, the 24th of June ; and on motion it was 
resolved that the Secretary be directed to answer the communication, 
declining to accept of the invitation, on account of the great distance, 
and of our present pecuniary exigence, and that the Secretary also say 
in his letter, that Bodley Lodge regrets that anything, extraneous from 
pure Masonry, should be coupled with this communication, it having 
been, throughout all ages, the peculiar characteristic of Masonry, that, 
she has sent forth her pure flame of living light, before the world, un- 
contaminated by political doings, and untinged by religious distinc- 
tions." 

To this, we heartily respond amen ! 

Bro. Coyne, the Secretary, was demitted, and Bro. Cooley appointed 
in his stead. 

June 3d, it was resolved that the correspondence between Bodley and 
Nauvoo Lodges be laid before the Grand Lodge at its next communication. 
The semi-annual election was then had, resulting in the election of 
Breth. Harrison Dills, W. M.; Thomas Jasper, S. W.; T. C. King, J. W.; 
T. Monroe, Treas.; H. S. Cooley, Sec.; J. N. Ralston and J. M. Pitman, 
Deacons ; D. Hauser, Steward and Tyler. 

July 16th, special meeting. Present : H. Dills, W. M.; T. Jasper, S. 
W.; T. C. King, J. W.; T. Monroe, Treas.; H. S. Cooley, Sec.; J. M. Pit- 
man, S. D.; J. N. Ralston, J. D.; D. Hauser, Steward and Tyler, and Bros. 
Davis, Maire, Rogers, Johnston, Swarthout, Conyers. 

The W. M. stated the object of the meeting to be, to take into considera- 
tion, the charges made against Nauvoo Lodge, U. D. After remarks^by 
Bros. Rogers, Ralston, Conyers, Swarthout, and Davis, the following 
preamble and resolutions were read : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 175 

" WHEREAS, It has come to the knowledge of Bodley Lodge No. 1, of Quincy, 
from sources of information which can not be doubted, that Nauvoo Lodge U. 
D. have, siuce the granting of their dispensation, conducted in a manner un- 
Mnsonic, and highly dangerous and injurious to our beloved institution, to 
subvert and destroy the great, good, and beneficial influences of Masonic prin- 
ciples ; therefore 

' Resolved, That the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of this State, be re- 



of said charges into consideration, and dispose of the same in such manner as 
they shall deem essential to the ends of justice, and the welfare and prosperity 
of the institution of Masonry. 

" And unanimously adopted. On motion, Bros. Davis and Ralston 
were appointed a committee to furnish the Grand Master with the above 
information. The following resolution was offered and adopted: 

" Resolved, That Bodley Lodge No. 1, of Quiney, request of the Grand Lodge of 
the State of Illinois, that a committee be appointed at the next annual meeting 
of said Lodge, to make inquiry into the manner the officers of the Nauvoo Lodge, 
IT. D., were installed, by the Grand Master of this State, and by what authority 
the Grand Master initiated, passed, and raised Messsrs. Smith and Rigdon to the 
degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason, at one and the 
same time, and that the proceedings of the committee be reported for the bene- 
fit of this Lodge." 

All this goes to prove, first, that the Lodge at Nauvoo had became 
involved in the same brawl as the "saints," and second, that the right 
of the Grand Master to make Masons at sight (a right we doubt) was not 
known in Illinois in 1842. 

Sep. 7th, the W. M. and Wardens were appointed representatives to 
the Grand Lodge. Sept. 18th, a communication was received from 
Nauvoo Lodge, TJ. D., which was ordered to be laid before the Grand 
Lodge. Oct. 3d, Bro. Dills resigned his office as W. M. No election was 
had to fill the vacancy. Dec. 5th, an amendment to the by-laws was 
introduced, providing that the elections should take place annually on 
27th December, and at the meeting of Dec. 26th, the amendment was 
lost. Dec. 26th, officers as follows were elected : J. B. Conyers, W. M.; 
F. G. Johnston, S. W.; Daniel Stahl, J. W.; Damon Hauser, Trcas.: 
James H. Luce, Sec. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 102. 

This Lodge still held under the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, although 
borne on the list of the Grand Lodge of Illinois as No. 2. 

J. F. Goulding, Feb. 5th; John M. Leech, Dec. 3d; Valentine F. 
Evans, Dec. 10th, were the only brethren raised during this year. 

Jan. 15th, the Lodge, being informed of the death of Bro. W. J. Gate- 
wood, met and passed the customary resolutions. 

Jan. 17th, the Lodge proceeded to New Haven, Gallatin county, and 
there interred the remains of Bro. William Goss, of Brandon Lodge 
No. , Vermont. 



176 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

March 5th, Breth. Watkins and Jones were appointed a committee to 
correspond with the Grand Lodge of Illinois, relative to procuring a 
charter from that body. 

May 7th the following action was had : 

" The business next claiming the attention of the Lodge, and which 
was called for by the W. M., was the report of the Corresponding Com- 
mittee with the Grand Lodge of this State (appointed the 5th March 
last), in regard to obtaining a charter from them, and surrendering our 
present charter. 

" In reply to this call, Brother Jos. E. Watkins, the only member of 
the committee present, handed to the Secretary a letter from Brother W. 
B. Warren, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, which, as 
directed, was read in the Lodge, at the conclusion of which, Bro. Jos. E. 
Watkins made a motion, which was seconded, that the charter proffered 
to us by the Secretary of the Grand Lodge in his letter just read, be ac- 
cepted. But before any definite or final action was had on this motion, 
Brother W. Siddall made a motion for arrest of action, believing, as he 
said, that we were about to act prematurely or unadvisedly. Brother 
Watkins then withdrew his motion, when a new motion was made that 
the same Corresponding Committee till then in existance, be continued, 
to carry on a correspondence with the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, with 
the view of ascertaining upon what terms, with honor and credit to our- 
selves, we could separate from her and attach to the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois. Upon this motion the W. M. would, and did, appoint a new 
committee, composed of Bros. Jos. E. Watkins, W. Siddall, and J. T. 
Goulding." 

June 24th, officers as follows were elected: A. W. Pool, W. M.; J. 
W. Hamilton, S. W.; John M. Burnett, J. W.; J. T. Goulding, Treasurer; 
William Siddall, Secretary; Jos. E. Watkins and John R. Smoote, Dea- 
cons; John Howard, Tyler. Upon motion, the election of Treasurer and 
Secretary were reconsidered, whereupon, Breth. Goulding and Siddall 
exchanged places. It was resolved at this meeting to suspend all who 
were in arrears, that did not pay within two weeks, but owing to the 
stringency of the times, better counsels prevailed and Bro. Goulding 
offered the following, which was "unanimously carried" : "Moved, that 
the Lodge nullify the resolution of the 24th June, so far as regards sus- 
pension." 

Nov. 5th, the Lodge received a communication from the Grand Lodge 
of Kentucky, authorizing the surrender of the charter from that Grand 
Lodge, and the acceptance of one from the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 

Bro. Goulding, the Secretary, waxed eloquent over what he termed the 
"truly fraternal exertions" of M. W. Bro. Philip Swigert, for the interest 
he manifested in furthering the request and desires of Equality Lodge. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 177 

But as the record can state in better language the state of the Brother 
Secretary's feelings at the time, than we could possibly do, we reproduce 
the action had, simply remarking, that it is extremely doubtful if Bro. 
Swigert ever received such a vote of thanks, as this, before or since : 

" The Secretary also read a letter from the Grand Secretary of the 
Grand Lodge of Kentucky, covering the proceedings before mentioned, 
at the conclusion of which Bro. Hamilton suggested the propriety of 
manifesting in some way, our respect and thanks to Bro. Swigert for the 
part taken by him, in our behalf, in the Grand Lodge. 

" J. T. Goulding now offered the following: 

" WHEREAS, in the preamble and resolution of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, 
at its recent convocation, in relation to Equality Lodge No. 102, just now read, 
as the spirit breathed throughout the letter accompanying paid preamble and 
resolution, we cannot but note with feelings of unmixed gratitude, the zealous 
fraternal regard and deep interest manifested by our much estemed, "true and 
trusty" friend and brother Philip Swigert, in the welfare and prosperity of our 
Lodge ; therefore 

"Resolved, That we tender to our distinguished friend and brother, Philip. 
Swigert, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, our warmest hand of 
fellowship, in conjunction with our unsophisticated thanks, for his late urbane- 
and truly fraternal exertions in our behalf, and beg him to accept our assurances,, 
that "tho" far awa," he shall ever be held by us as he ought. 

" Resolved, That the Secretary be directed to forward a copy of the foregoing 
to our Bro. Philip Swigert, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. 

" Which preamble and resolutions being read aloud by the Secretary,, 
were unanimously adopted." 

Dec. 27th, the regular annual election was held, resulting in the 
election of the following brethren : A. W. Pool, W. M.; William Sid- 
dall, S. W.; James W. Hamilton, J. W.; J. M. Leech, Treas.; J. T. 
Goulding, Sec.; Watkins and Hopper, Deacons ; John Howard, Tyler. 

The Lodge had all this time been waiting patiently for the "promised 
charter, on parchment," as the record has it, but the year 1842 closed 
without the sight of that instrument gladdening their eyes. 

HARMONt LODGE NO. 3. 

We have no records of this Lodge for 1842, and consequently are noi 
able to state anything in regard to it, except presenting the return made 
to the Grand Lodge, which met in October, 1842, by which we learn that 
the following brethren were the officers : George Hackett, W. M. ; 
C. Ludlum, S. W.,- A. V. Putnam, J. W.; W. W. Happy, Treas.; W. B. 
Warren, Sec.: J. A. McDougall, S. D. : J. T. Sigler, J. D. ; M. Stacy, 
Steward and Tyler. 

The members were John T. Jones, Alexander Dunlap, Philip Coffman, 
John Gregory, S. W. Lucas, Richard Henry, George Henry, Dennis 
Rockwell, J. M. Lucas, J. T. Holmes, Clark Roberts, Adolphus Cerrill, 
A. C. Dickson, A. L. Underwood, F. C., and Aaron Dickerson, E. A. 

The only work done during the year was one initiation. Of the 

members and officers given above, Bro. Dunlap was Deputv Grand Mas- 
1 O 





178 HISTORY OF MASONKY IX ILLINOIS. 

ter; Warren, Grand Secretary; Coffman, Grand Treasurer; Hackett, 
Grand Tyler; Dickson, Grand Marshal; Gregory, Grand Pursuivant; 
and Putnam, Grand Steward. 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 4. 

This Lodge increased its membership, by raisings during the year 
1842, as here given: M. McXamara, Jan. 24; C. W. Matheny, March 
21; James H. Matheny, April 18; William Lavely and E. S. Frazier, 
June fi ; Martin S. Morris, June 22; William Walters, Dec. 12. 

January 9, the Lodge buried the remains of Bro. William J. Gate- 
wood, at the time of his decease Master of Equality Lodge No. 102. 
The record in this case we transfer entire : 

" The Springfield Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, upon their 
return this day from the funeral of the late Hon. William J. Gatewood, 
whose remains had been attended to the place of interment by the 
brethren of the said Lodge in procession, and interred according to the 
ancient rites and customs of the Fraternity, passed the following reso- 
lutions: 

" WHEREAS, We have just witnessed the last sad and solemn obsequies of our 
late worthy brother, the Hon. William J. Gatewood, who died suddenly in this 
city, at 11 o'clock last evening, therefore, 

'Resolved, That we deeply regret and deplore the death of our late worthy 
brother, whose remains we have so recently committed to the silent tomb, and 
that we unite with heartfelt sympathy with his friends and family in their 
present affliction. 

"Resolved, that as a testimony of respect to the metnory of the deceased, each 
of the brethren of this Lodge shall wear crape on his left arm for the space of 
ten days. 

"Resolved, That in the further testimony of respect for his memory, and of 
profound sympathy with his bereaved family, a committee of three members of 
this Lodge be directed to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the widow of 
our deceased brother, the Hon. William J. Gatewood, and that the editors of the 
Springfield papers be requested to publish them. 

" Whereupon, Breth. Brown, Shields, and Treat were appointed that 
committee. 

" On motion, the Lodge adjourned." 

February 25, the Lodge bore to their last resting place the remains of 
Br.o. Marcellus Eastham, a member of the Lodge. 

April 18, the petition of William Lavely was received and referred, 
and on May 23 he was elected and initiated. June 1, Bro. Lavely was 
passed. 

June 28, the Lodge proceeded to an election, which resulted as follows : 
James Shepherd was elected W. M. ; William Harvey, S. W. ; James 
Zwisler, J. W. ; Maurice Doyle, Treasurer; Edward Jones, Secretary; 
Francis Springer, Chaplain; James Maxcy, Tyler. 

Sept. 19, Bro. Harvey, S. W., resigned, when Bro. James Zwisler was 
elected to fill the vacancy; this promotion of Bro. Zwisler caused a 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 179 

yacation of the station of the J. W., which was filled by the election of 
Francis Springer. 

Nov. 28, Breth. Philo Beers, J. R. Gray, James Briggs, James Firey, 
and Daniel Turney were stricken from the roll for non-payment of dues. 

The following officers were elected on St. John's Day, Dec. 27 : Francis 
A. McNeill, W. M.; James Zwisler, S. W. : George R. Weber, J. W.; 
Maurice Doyle, Treasurer; Edward Jones, Secretary; James Maxcy, 
Tyler. Breth. Garland and Chatterton were appointed Deacons, and 
James Shepherd Master of Ceremonies. 

FAR WEST LODGE NO. 29. 

This Lodge still held its charter from the Grand Lodge of Missouri, 
although borne upon the books of the Grand Lodge of Illinois as No. 5. 

The report before us extends from Sept. 25, 1841, to Sept. 24, 1842, and 
from it we gather that the following were raised during 1842, or rather 
up to September 24th of that year: J. M. Sullivan, May 21; S. Alex, 
and D. B. Whitesides, June 24; L. Peyton and J. B. Latham, July 28. 

There is not much to note in the minutes before us, as they are a very 
short abstract of the doings of the Lodge, excepting that on August 
20th, 1842, a petition for a Lodge at Dubuque, Iowa Territory, was recom- 
mended. 

The return, or so much of it as relates to the officers and members, we 
present here in full : 

" Officers. Charles Gear, Master; James Rice, Senior Warden; A. C. 
Davis, Junior Warden : Daniel Wann, Treasurer; John Turney, Secre- 
tary ; A. T. Crow, Senior Deacon ; James Stewart, Junior Deacon ; J. E. 
Smith and R. Pattison, Stewards; Robert Dunlap, Tyler. 

" Master Masons. Thomas C. Legate, E. W. Turner, Matthew Fawcett, 
W. F. Franklin, F. J. Dunn, T. B. Farnsworth, A. J. Jackson, John 
McNulty, Wm. B. Whiteside, Sam'l Alex, John S. Crawford, E. F. 
Ogden, Thomas Clark, R. Long, D. B. Morehouse, David Wells, T. Fan- 
ning, H. H. Gear, Sam'l Smoker, M. J. Sullivan, Geo. W. Cummings, 
Lucien Peyton, Sam'l McLean, W. H. Hooper, Wm. Campbell, Gideon 
Low, Dan'l F. Hitt, G. M. Mitchell, Robt. Thompson, Jos. Doplar, J. B. 
Latham, N. Nadeau. 

"Fellow Craft Masons. Michael Wall, John Flanagan, James B. 
Ooble, H. C. McGraw. 

" Entered Apprentices. John French, John McNulty, Jr., J. T. Temple. 

" Initiations. W. B. Whitesides, Feb. 5: M. J. Sullavan, Feb. 19; 
J. B. Latham, March 20; S. Alex, May 21; G. W. Cummings, May 21 : 
N. Nadeau, June 10: H. C. McGraw, June 24: John French, J. B. 
Ooble, and Lucien Peyton, July 16 : John Flanagan, July 28 : John T . 
Temple, Sept. 24. 



180 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Admissions. T. Fanning, Jan. 22; David Wells, June 18; J. S, 
Crawford, June 18. 

"Deaths. John Sherman, died abroad in the winter of 1841-2. 
" Rejections. Miles M. Vineyard, of Wisconsin, Sept. 24." 

COLUMBUS LODGE NO. 6. 

As regards this Lodge, we must be content with presenting the returns, 
of the Lodge to the Grand Lodge in 1842 : 

" MEMBERS. Abraham Jonas, W. M.; Samuel Smith, S. W.; Abner J, 
Short, J. W.; Anthony Touzalen, Tyler ; W. D. McCann, Sec.; Thomas 
Durant and James S. Logan, Stewards; Lytle Griffing, S. D.; David P. 
McNeal, J. D.; Cyrus N. Williams, Tyler. 

"MASTER MASONS. Daniel Harrison, Lytle Griffing, George W. 
Thompson, W. D. McCann, Wm. Bayne, Willis H. Chapman, D. P. 
McNeal, T. Durant, Minus L. Williams, A. J. Short, Anthony Touzalen, 
S. Smith, J. S. Logan, C. M. Williams, M. L. Hudnel." 

FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 7. 

The Lodge conferred the Master's degree upon the brethren named 1 
below during the year 1842 : Abram Brown, March 25 ; J. E. Sawyer, 
May 5; Wilkinson, June 3; Wm. Rodgers and L. L. Scott, June 23. 

March 24, tha Lodge met in the upper room of the Dixon Hotel, when 
the following brethren were present: Samuel Johnson, G. A. Martin, 
William A. Merritt, Horace Preston, Stephen Fuller, Nathan Morehouse, 
Isaac Robinson, Smith Gilbraith, D. B. MoKenney, R. B. Loveland, 
James McKenney, T. H. March, James Campbell. The charter granted 
by the Grand Lodge was received, and the Lodge duly constituted as 
Friendship Lodge No. 8, which as will be hereafter seen was a mistake, 
as far as the number was concerned. The following officers were then 
duly installed : Samuel Johnson, W. M.; G. A. Martin, S. W.: William 
A. Merritt, as proxy for John VanArnam, J. W.; R. B. Loveland, Sec.; 
James McKenney, Treas.; Horace Preston, S. D.; T. H. March, J. D.; T. 
H. March and D. B. McKenney, Stewards; and S. Gilbraith, Tyler. 

May 5, the Lodge voted to celebrate St. John's Day, which on the 24th 
of June was duly carried out. The following visiting brethren were 
present at this celebration : Mathew McKenney, N. G. Reynolds, Wil- 
liam A. Weston, Henry Maxwell, J. B. Morton, S. McFarland, and Na- 
than Whitney. July 21, Charges of " violation of the laws of the land" 
were preferred against a brother, who was thereupon suspended, during 
the investigation of the case. This Lodge did not, as was the custom in 
the majority of the Lodges of that day, elect officers semi-annually. 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IDT ILLINOIS. 181 

MACON LODGE, U. D. 

The brethren whose names are given below were raised during 1842, 
by this Lodge : John P. Tenbrook, Jan. 22 ; H. J. Armstrong, Feb. 21 ; 
J. J. Peddicord, April 6 ; J. T. Braden and A. Edmunds, April 28 ; D. 
E. Kails and Preston Butler, June 15; H. Robinson, Sept. 17. June 15, 
being the regular time for election, it was on motion of Bro. Oglesby, 
resolved that the present officers retain their places until the next regu- 
lar election, which was a very easy way of electing officers, besides a great 
saving of time and wear of mind consequent upon the mental reflection 
necessary to be exercised in as to whom should be elected. 

June 24, was celebrated by laying the corner-stone of their " future 
Masonic Hall." Unless misinformed, this Hall is still in the future. 
Twenty-one members of the Lodge were present, and the following from 
Springfield Lodge No. 4: C. W. Matheny, J. H. Matheny, James Shep- 
herd, A. Y. Ellis, M. F. Wickersham, William Harvey, Edward Jones, 
Geo. R. Weber, Samuel Matlack, Z. P. Cabanis, James Zwisler, L. Hes- 

ser, Henry Carrigan, S. H. Treat, Johnson, M. Helm (who acted as 

Grand Master) J. B. Broadwell, John Bennett, M. S. Morris, F. A. 

McNeil, John Uhler, Read, Francis Springer, N. A. Garland, C. W. 

Chatterton, Aug. Hays, and E. Stout. Breth. John D. Goriu and Q. C. 
Alexander, of Vandalia, were also present. After the laying of the 
corner-stone, the Lodge was duly constituted as Maeon Lodge No. 8, this 
making the second Lodge in the State bearing that number. The offi- 
cers installed at that time were : G. A. Patterson, W. M.; J. King, S. 
W.; H. Prather, J. W.; J. R. Gorin, Sec.; A. S. Williams, Treas.; E. 
League, S. D.; J. S. Post, J. D.; James Ashton, Tyler. 

July 17, we observe the first record made by M. W. Bro. Gorin, twenty- 
six years ago. He wrote a much better hand then than now, which 
to us is a matter of congratulation, as it is easily read, whereas, if Bro. 
Gorin had written it at the present day, it would be somewhat a matter 
of doubt whether we should have attempted to read it at all. There is 
in the whole western country but one man, or rather brother, who can 
bear off the palm over Bro. Gorin for rapid, undecipherable chirography, 
and that is one who has enjoyed a like eminence in the councils of 
the Craft in a neighboring State, and to make it perfectly sure, we will 
call it Iowa. 

, September 17, the delegates to the Grand Lodge were directed to vote 
for Springfield, as the place of meeting of the Grand Lodge. A com- 
munication from Nauvoo Lodge was ordered to lie on the table. Dec. 
17, officers as follows were elected : Henry Prather, W. M.; Charles H. 
Pringle, S. W.; Warner W. Oglesby, J. W.; Wm. B. Bosworth, Sec.; H . 



182 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS 

J. Armstrong, Treas.; Geo. A. Patterson, Chaplain; Henry Hummel, S. 
and Tyler. 

RUSHVILLE LODGE NO. 9. 

From R. "W. Bro. Bagby we learn that the old records of this Lodge 
were destroyed by fire, when the lodge- room in the town of Rushville was 
burned. We are therefore unable to give any information concerning 
the Lodge, other than can be gleaned from the proceedings of the Grand 
Lodge. From the returns of this Lodge to the Grand Lodge in 1842, we 
find that the officers and members were as follows : Levi Lusk, W. M.; 
James L. Anderson, S. W.; John Todhunter, J. "W.; James McCroskey, 
Treas.: Adams Dunlap, Sec.; John B. Seeley, S. D.; William Edgar, J. 
D.; Thomas J. Garrett, Tyler. The members in addition to the above 
named officers, were Samuel McHatton, William Davis, Abner McDow- 
ell, Josiah Parrott, Lewis Horton, Henry Murray, James H. Chick, Rens- 
salaer Wells, Marshall Smith, Alexander Brazleton, Nathan Brooks, 
Hart Fellows ; Andrew LaCroix, Isaac E wing, Isaac Grier, George Edgar, 
Joseph Montgomery, William A.Richardson, Fellow Crafts; and Peter C. 
Vance, Solomon C. Waid, Tydence W. Lane, and George Rogers, Entered 
Apprentices. The dispensation for this Lodge was granted by Grand 
Master Jonas, after the close of the communication of the Grand Lodge 
in 1841, but the precise date we have been unable to ascertain. 

JULIET LODGE NO. 10 

Whence the dispensation for this Lodge emanated, we have been unable 
to learn, but are inclined to the opinion that it was granted by M. W. 
Bro. Jonas. The first mention made of this Lodge is in the proceedings 
of 1841, at which grand communication a petition was presented from 
this Lodge praying for a charter. That it had been in existence, and 
that the word " Charter" was not a mistake for the word " Dispensation," 
is plainly to be seen by the very next entry, wherein a petition was pre- 
sented for a new Lodge at Chicago, which petition was recommended 
by Juliet Lodge. We have been unable to obtain any further informa- 
tion concerning this Lodge, than is afforded in the proceedings of the 
Grand Lodge. The returns to the Grand Lodge for 1842, we here pre- 
sent: 

" Members of Juliet Lodge No. 10, Juliet. Norman Hawley, W. M.; 
Thomas J. Wade, S. W.; Joel George, J. W.; Fenner Aldrich, Treas,.: 
Justus Finch, Jr., Sec.; Orange Chancy, S. D.; Thomas J. Kinney, J. D.; 
D. L. Gregg and James Broady, Stewards ; Jared Runyon, Tyler. Mas- 
ter Masons, E. Haveris, Hiram Blanchard, Myron K. Brownson, Joshua 
Rucker, Joel A. Matteson, William B. Peck, Joshua Smith, E. Weather- 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 183 

bee, Thomas Williams, Robert G. Cook, Henry G. Brown, N. S.Anderson, 
William E. Little, Samuel Anderson, David -Parish." 

This Lodge was chartered as No. 10 in 1841, but was not represented at 
the Grand Lodge of 1842. 

CASS LODGE, U. D. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted by Bro. Jonas, in the 
year 1842, and at the Grand Lodge of that year a charter was voted as 
No. 11, but was at the same meeting reconsidered and the Lodge con- 
tinued under dispensation. We have no record of this Lodge while 
under dispensation, and can only give its return to the Grand Lodge for 
1842, which is as follows : 

"Members of Cass Lodge, U. D., at Virginia. P. Underwood, Jr., W. 
M.; Amos Bonney, S. W.; William Bassett, J. W.; Ezra J. Dutch, Treas.; 
N. B. Thompson, Sec. Master Masons, James Knowles, Alfred Dutch, 
S. C. Lyon, C. S. VanAlstine, Thomas Eyre, James Logan, John Daley." 

The initiating, passing, and raising of the latter brother, (who had 
been rejected by Springfield No. 4,) was the cause that led the Grand 
Lodge to reconsider its action granting a charter. 

WESTERN STAR LODGE, U. D. 

The dispensation for this Lodge has already been given. It was not 
represented at the Grand Lodge in 1842, and no action beyond directing 
the Grand Secretary to call upon the Lodge for its returns was had in 
regard to it, but it was suffered to work quietly under its dispensation. 
The return for 1842, which was received after the closing of the Grand 
Lodge, is here given : 

"Members of Western Star Lodge, U. D., Kaskaskia. R. B. Servant, 
W. M.; G. W. Staley, S. W.; G. W. Entler, J. W.; B. P. Simmons, Sec.; 
Jacob Feaman, Treas.; Ignatius Spriggs, S. D.; J. L. P. Perry, J. D.; A. 
Keefer, Tyler. Master Masons, Michael Buyatte, James Roberts, Fer- 
dinand Onjer, J. W. Gilliss, D. C. Jones, M. L. Brooks, W. E. Jones, 
Samuel F. Ashby, William Jackson, William Koker, George Brush, 
Passal Craddok, John Yarantzy, Benjamin Wittsheir, Gustavus Hol- 
land." Of these Breth. Buvjitte^ Roberts, Onjer, and Gillis will be re- 
cognized as members of old Western. Star Lodge !No. 10V, as early as 
1819. 

RISING SUN LODGE NO. 12. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted in 1842, to a number of 
brethren residing in Montrose, Lee county, Territory of Iowa. Although 
the Committee on Returns and Work reported that they had examined 
the returns and work of this Lodge, yet no returns appear in the pub- 
lished proceedings. This Lodge is not now in existence. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 



NAUVOO LODGE, U. D. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted Oct. 15, 1841, and set to 
work by Grand Master Jonas, on the 15th March, 1842. From March 
15, 1842, up to the sitting of the Grand Lodge, this Lodge initiated 286 
candidates, and raised 243; and we must therefore be excused from 
giving the names. If the Lodge had been suffered to work two years 
longer, every Mormon in Hancock county would have been initiated. 
The officers of this Lodge were as follows: George Miller, "W. M.; Hy- 
rum Smith, S. W.; Lucius N. Scovill, J. W.; William Clayton, Sec.; 
Newel K. Whitney, Treas.; Charles Allen, S. D.; Heber C. Kimball, J. 
D.; Wm. Felshaw and Hyrum Clark, Stewards; Samuel Rolfe, Tyler." 

We will have, further on in this History, more to say in regard to 
this Lodge and the men who composed it. 

ST. JOHN'S LODGE NO. 13. 

But one brother was raised in this Lodge during the year 1842, viz: 
Stephen W. Paine, March 31. January 30, Bro. M. J. Boss, who died 
January 28, was buried with the honors of Masonry. Bro. Ross was one 
of the founders of the Lodge. September 22, the Lodge resolved to ap- 
ply to the Grand Lodge for a charter, and passed the following resolu- 
tion: 

"Also voted, That on account of the retired situation of Vermilionville, and 
by the advice of a number of brethren of Peru, we after mature consideration, 
think it for the interest of the Institution to remove this Lodge to that place, 
and ask the Grand Lodge to grant a charter for this Lodge at that place." 

At the meeting of October 13, the name of Warren Brown appears 
among the members. After a careful examination and considerable in- 
quiry, we find that it is the same Bro. Warren Brown that was at one 
time Secretary of Western Star Lodge Xo. 107. December 15, officers as 
follows were elected : L. Woodward, W. M.; Harmer Whitehead, S. W.; 
Samuel Norton. J. W.: Hennessy, Treas.; O'Connor, Sec.; War- 
ren Brown, S. D.; A. Kirkpatrick, J. D.; A. Holdridge, Tyler. 

WARREN LODGE, U. D. 

The record of the first meeting of this Lodge we here present : 
" Pursuant to a dispensation granted by A. Jonas, M. W. Grand Mas- 
ter of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, bearing date the 16th day of July, 
A. D. 1841, A. L. 5841, granting to certain members of the honorable 
fraternity of Ancient York Masons, the privilege of opening a Lodge in 
Shawneetown, in the county of Gallatin and State of Illinois, a number 
of the Craft by previous arrangement met at their lodge-room in said 
town, on the 6th day of August, A. D. 1842, A. L. 5842. 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 185 

"Present: Jos. J. Johnson, D. G. M. p. t.; 11. Wilson, of Equality 
Lodge No. 102 ; J. R. Sraoot, of Equality Lodge No. 102; George Darab, 
of Randolph Lodge No. 87, Tennessee; Alex. Kirkpatrick, S. S. Scudder, 
of Equality Lodge No. 102; George Cobb, E. H. Gatewood, of Equality 
Lodge No. 102 ; Wm. H. Davidson, P. Slater, Eobert H. Marron, of Rich- 
mond Randolph Lodge, Virginia. The Lodge was opened in the 3d de- 
gree according to ancient form and usage, at which time the W. M., 
Joseph Johnson, installed according to ancient rite, R. H. Marron, W. 
E. H. Gatewood, S. D.; Geo. Webb, J. D.; Geo. Darah, Sec.; A. Kirkpat- 
rick, Treas.; S. S. Scudder, S. D.; J. R. Smoot, J. D.; II. Wilson, Tyler. 

"Resolved, On motion, that the By-Laws of Equality Lodge be substituted for 
the government of this Lodge, so far as applicable for the present, until other- 
wise directed. 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That Bro. Johnson and Kirkpatrick be appointed to revise the By- 
Laws of Equality Lodge for the consideration of this Lodge, and report at our 
first regular Communication. 

" On motion, 

"Resolved, That our first regular Communication be on Saturday week next, 
the 13th inst. No further business appearing, this closed in due and ancient 
form. 

(Signed) " ROBERT MARRON, W. M. 

" Test, GEO. DARAH, Sec^y." 

The following is a list of raisings by this Lodge during 1842: J. H. 
Johnson, Sept. 28; E. Bogardus and J. B. Caldwell, Oct. 27; J. L. Camp- 
bell and William Hilburne, Nov. 24; T. G. S. Herod, F. M. Leech, Nov. 
26 ; J. W. Tunnell and Robert Kirkham, Dec. 1 ; J. M. Jones and D. N. 
Hamilton, Dec. 3; M. Y. Johnson, Dec. 5; J. H. Hart, Dec. 8; John Gal- 
laher and James Melvin, Dec. 10; John G. Stewart, Dec. 15; E. R. Roe 
and G. J. Barrett, Dec. 22 ; C. R. Smith, Dec. 26. September 28, Bro. 
John T. Jones, of Jacksonville, was appointed to represent the Lodge at 
the next session of the Grand Lodge. At the meeting of December 1, 
the Steward was " directed to provide a strictly temperance lunch for 
each Lodge evening unless otherwise instructed." 

December 27, the charter granted by the Grand Lodge was received 
and accepted, and the Lodge constituted as No. 14. At this meeting the 
following officers were elected: Joseph Johnson, W. M.; E. H. Gate- 
wood, S. W.; E. Bogardus, J. W.; A. Kirkpatrick, Treas.; J. L. Campbell, 
Sec.; S. S. Scudder, S. D. and Senior Steward ; J. B. Caldwell, J. D. and 
Junior Steward ; William Hilborn, Tyler. The officers were then duly 
installed "at the Presbyterian Church, where an oration was delivered 
by Bro. Jos. Johnson." The date of dispensation given in the record of 
the first meeting is an error; it should have read July 16, 1842 and not 
1841. Of the members whose names appear on the record as officers, 



186 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Gatewood, Scudder, and Smoot were made in Equality Lodge. Bro. Wil- 
son joined that Lodge by affiliation, and was at one time its Master. 

PEORIA LODGE, U. D. 

As the record of the first meeting of this Lodge expresses much better 
than we could do the proceedings at its organization, we here give them 
entire, as well as the preliminary record, remarking that the record of 
the dispensation, which is recorded in full, is omitted, as it is almost 
exactly similar to the form now used : 

" In the month of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and forty, ten brethren residing in Peoria, in the county 
of Peoria and State of Illinois, and the neighborhood, met in the second 
story of the house at the corner of Main and Adams Streets, in said town 
of Peoria, and after consultation, agreed to make application to the 
Grand Lodge of the said State of Illinois for a dispensation. Their 
names were as follows : Samuel H. Davis, Augustus 0. Garrett, John 
King, George Farrell, James Mossman, Xathaniel Chapin, George H. 
Quigg, Frederick Semelroth. 

" They recommended Samuel H. Davis as Master, Augustus 0. Garrett 
as Senior Warden, and John King as Junior Warden. The application 
was vouched for by the Ottawa Lodge, and forwarded to the Grand 
Lodge to be laid before that body at its meeting in that or the ensuing 
month. The case came before the Grand Lodge, but as that body knew 
nothing of the Ottawa Lodge, (the latter working under a foreign dis- 
pensation) the application could not be granted, and thus the matter 
rested till December, A. D. 1841. In that month it became known that 
the Grand Lodge were satisfied with the regularity of the Ottawa Lodge, 
and accordingly accepted its recommendation for a petition , upon ap- 
plication therefor, a dispensation was granted. 

" Under this dispensation, a number of brethren met at Garrett's Hotel, 
in the town of Peoria aforesaid, in a suitable room therein provided, on 
the night of January the 8th, A. D. 1842. Present: Samuel H. Davis, 
W. M.: Augustus 0. Garrett, S. W.; James Mossman, J. W., pro tern.; 
William Mitchell, Sec., pro tern.; Peter Sweat, Treas., pro tern.; Andrew 
Hunt, S. D., pro tern.; Frederick Semelroth, J. D. and Tyler, pro tern.; 
George Farrell. Visitors : Samuel Rodecher, Ottawa Lodge ; William 
Mitchell, Palatine Lodge, Sunderland, England; Peter Sweat, Andrew 
M. Hunt, Hannibal Lodge, Oswego county, N. Y. Entered Apprentice's 
Lodge opened in due form. Fellow Craft's Lodge opened in due form. 
Master Mason's Lodge opened in due form. 

" The following brethren made application for membership, and it 
being declared by the Lodge a case of emergency, they were forthwith 
balloted for and admitted, viz.: Peter Sweat, Samuel Rodecken, Andrew 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 187 

M. Hunt, and William Mitchell. The Lodge then proceeded to the elec- 
tion of such officers as were not appointed in the dispensation, when the 
following persons were unanimously elected : William Mitchell as Sec- 
retary, and Frederick Semelroth, as Tyler. Breth. Andrew M. Hunt, 
Peter Sweat, and Frederick Semelroth were appointed a' committee to 
procure the necessary furniture for the Lodge. 

"Breth. Mitchell, Garret, and Mossman were appointed a committee to 
draft Bye-Laws for the Lodge. The W. M.,on motion, was added to this 
committee. 

"On motion, 

"Rf.wlved, That such of the brethren as can make it convenient, will attend at 
the Lodge every Saturday evening, at half past six o'clock, for instruction, and 
that the monthly meetings be determined by the committee appointed on the 
Bye-L;uvs. 

"Closed in due form (i. e. severally in the three degrees.)" 

The dispensation was granted to Breth. Samuel H. Davis, Augustus 0. 
Garrett, John King, " and several other brethren." Bro. Davis was 
named as the Master; Garrett as S. W. ; and King, as J. W. It was 
granted January 3, 1842, by Bro. Jonas, Grand Master. 

Geo. W. Rodecker, March 12 ; Chester Hamlin and Ralph Hamlin, 
March 15; George T. Metcalfe, March 19; Thomas J. Hurd, March 22; 
Isaac Underbill, March 26 ; J. D. Finch, March 29 ; Rodol-phus Rouse, 
April 1 ; C. D. Powell and Leonard Knott, April 14 ; Wanton Parker, 
July 16 ; Frederick Parker, July 30; Joseph Tnmstine, Sept. 12; Charles 
E. Mason, Sept. 17 were raised. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE No. 27. 

The brethren upon whom the third degree was conferred by this_ 
Lodge during the year 1842, are as follows : Julian Hulaniski, June-22 ; 
R. H. Pill, Aug. 16 ; John R. Hall, Aug. 24. 

June 13, the following officers were elected: D. B. Hodge, W. M. ; 
H. C. Remann, S. W. ; W. T. Hopkins, J. W. ; the Secretary, Treasurer, 
Deacons, and Tyler were re-electedr 

Sept. 26, the following was passed :. 

"WHEREAS, It is deemed expedient and proper that Lodges within the several 
States should be under the jurisdiction of the respective Grand Lodges of those 
States; therefore, 

"Resolved, That our representative to the next annual communication of the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, be instructed respectfully to ask leave on the behalf 
of this Lodge to be relieved from the jurisdiction of said Grand Lodge, for the 
purpose of becoming subordinate to the Grand Lodge of Illinois." 

Dec. 21, the following record was made : 

"Since the last meeting (Oct. 10), this Lodge discharged all dues to 
the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and received a discharge from its juris- 



188 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

diction, and an application was made to the Grand Lodge of Illinois, 
through the M. W. G. M. Meredith Helm, for a charter. 

"This charter was received this day, the 21st Dec., and, on motion, 
the charter was accepted, and the blanks filled in accordance with the 
instructions of the Grand Secretary of Illinois, and the charter and 
letter of the Grand Secretary ordered to be spread upon the records of 
this Lodge, and that the Secretary be required to procure some safe mode 
of keeping the same in the Lodge, and for the convenience of visitors. 

" COPT OF THE LETTER OF THE GRAND SECRETARY OF ILLINOIS ACCOMPANYING THE CHARTER 
OF TEMPERANCE LODGE No. 1C. 

"JACKSONVILLE, Dec. 13th, 1842. 
' D. B. Hodge, Esq. : 

"DEAR SIR AND BROTHER : By this day's mail I send you a charter. You will 
perceive that the names of the petitioners, Senior and Junior Wardens, and 
name of the Lodge are left blank, in consequence of my having no means of 
filling their place. Please insert them yourself. The charter would have been 
sent at an earlier day, but I still thought I should meet with some private 
conveyance. 

" With great respect, I am Fraternally yours, 

"W. B. WARREN. 

"The W. M., D. B. Hodge, filled the blanks in, the charter, and the 
Lodge resolved to accept the same and ordered it to be recorded, the 
Lodge being open on the third degree of Masonry." 

Then follows the charter, which being of the same form as those used 
at the present day, we will omit. 

Temperance Lodge No. 27 was then closed, and 

TEMPERANCE LODGE No. 16 

opened. " Present: D. B. Hodge, W. M. ; H. C.tRemann, S. W.; John 
R. Hall, J. W., pro tern.; J. D. Gorin, Treas. ; Q. C. Alexander, Sec.: 
N. M. McCurdy, S. D.; William Hodge, J. D. ; Moses Phillips, Tyler: 
R. H. Pill, M. M." / 

The Lodge then proceeded to an election of officers, which resulted in 
the election of the following brethren: Henry C. Remann, W. M : 
William Hodge, S. W.; John R. Hall, J. W.; R. H. Pill, Treas.; D. B. 
Hodge, Sec.; Moses Philips, Tyler. 

Dec. 27, the Lodge assembled for the purpose of installing the officers 
and constituting the Lodge, but the proxy of the Grand Master (Bro. 
McCurdy), refused to perform that duty, whereupon the installation and 
constitution was postponed until the Grand Master could be corres- 
ponded with. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 189 

UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE GRAND 
LODGE OF MISSOURI. 



FRANKLIN LODGE NO 22. 

Breth. Leonard B. Adams, Jan. 25th; D. F. Wendell, June 10th, were 
raised. There does not appear any entries of sufficient importance to 
merit especial mention, except that at the meeting of Sept. 7th the 
Lodge was moved to Upper Alton, and that on the 17th December the 
following officers were elected : Charles Howard, W. M.; R. McFarland, 
S. W.; J. A. Maxey, J. W.; H. S. Summers, Treas.; H. P. Rundle, Sec.; 
D. F. Wendell, Tyler. 

FAR WEST LODGE NO. 29. 

We have the following information concerning this Lodge for 1842 : 

Oct. 15th, Bro. H. C. McGrew was raised. Dec. 17th, Nicholas Wall 
raised. Dec. 27th, the following officers were elected : Charles Gear, 
W. M.; James Rice, S. W.; H. H. Gear. J. W.; John Turney, Treas.; 
Richard Pattison, Sec. The following appointments were made: H. C. 
McGrew, S. D.; John E. Smith, J. D.; William Campbell, Tyler. 
HILLSBORO NO. 33. 

This Lodge was formerly called Mount Moriah, but was chartered as 
Hillsboro. The Master's degree was conferred on seven brethren during 
1842, viz. : John P. Frame, Jan. 28th ; William B. Herrick, Jan. 29th : 
Augustus Knight, Jan. 31st: R. W. Wellington and James Harriott, 
May 20th ; John W. Canaday, Aug. 25th ; William H. Roberts, Dec. 
15th. 

Aug. 18th, Bro. Blockburger, W. M., tendered his resignation, and 
asked a demit. Both the resignation and request were laid on the table 
until August 25th, and a committee appointed to take the matter into 
consideration. Aug. 25th, the matter was taken up, when "the charge 
given to the Master at his installation was read," whereupon Bro. 
Blockburger (who had refused to take the East), withdrew his resig- 
nation and request for a demit, and assumed his place. Sept. 15th, 
officers as follows were elected: Alfred Durant, W. M.; Ira Millard, S. 
W.; M. J. Blockburger, J. W.; John S. Hillis, Treas.; J. H. Ralston, Sec.; 
P. W. Millard, S. D.; Jeremiah Hart, J. D.; C. J. Richardson, Tyler. 

CLINTON LODGE NO. 39. 

Ten brethren were raised by this Lodge during the year 1842, viz. : 
E. N. Norton and A. Crane, Feb. 7th; William Wilcox,Feb. 8th; M. W. 



190 HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 

Hall, Feb. 14th : II. S. Mills, April oth : Charles Peters, May 9th ; Wil- 
liam Morton, June 13th; - - Mills, July 2oth; Henderson P. 
Bojakin, Aug. 9th; Elias S. Dennis, Oct. 28th. 

Jan. llth, the dues of Bro. Thos. Moon were remitted, and it was 
" Ordered That he pp.y no further dues, owing to his indigent circum- 
stances, age, and respectability as a worthy ancient Mason." Feb. 14th, 
the Lodge resolved to celebrate St. John's day, (June 24th,) and invite 
all the surrounding Lodges, and the Secretary was directed to secure the 
services of Br. X. M. McCurdy. of Vandalia, to deliver an oration. May 
9th, on motion of Bro. Case, the following resolution was adopted : 

"Resolved, By thi< Lorl^, ','ifit we deem the drinking of ardent spirits un- 
masonic, ami should not be tolerated among Masons. 

June 24th. St. John's Day was duly celebrated, seventeen members of 

the Lodge being present. The visitors were numerous, and among them 

were C. B. Biockburger, W. M. No. 33; "Doctor Wellington," Henry P. 

Gay. J. S. Hillis, and A. Durant, of the same Lodge; D. B. Hodge, W. 

M.. V. M. McCurdy, and Julian Hulaniski, of Temperance Lodge ; Wil- 

'nort, of Franklin Lodge; Jacob Harden, of St. Joseph Lodge, 

William Woodburn, Cumberland Lodge No. 61, Kentucky; Jas. 

M. Rogers, of Coleman Lodge No. 40, Missouri; James Clark and Daniel 

Han i a _'U>n," transient brethren." July llth, a petition, signed by "Breth. 

. Hall, Barnes, Moon, Hicks, Johnson, Baker, and Barnes," asking 

;endation for new Lodge at Salem, Marion county, was granted. 



Nov. 19th, 1841, a petition, signed by John Hay, P. W. Handle, T. 
.ill, L. D. Turner, William Adams, Joseph Bennett, John C. Theill, 
in Cox, J. L. Corse, F. V. Schrader, and P. Smith, praying for :i 
nation to form and open a Lodge at Belleville, St. Clair county, 

.is presented to Naphtali Lodge, St. Louis, Missouri, for recommenda- 
tion, which was granted, and on the 12th of February, 1842, the 
dispensation was granted. Joseph Bennett was appointed W. M.; J. C. 
Theill, S. W.; and Herman Cox, J. W. Feb. 12th, the Lodge held its 
urst meeting. A committee was appointed to prepare by-laws, and the 
petition of J. L. D. Morrison, an "Entered Apprentice of Western Star 
Lodge," received and referred. 

In Bro. John Hay, (the first name on the petition), we recognize one 
i hat was made in Western Star Lodge among the very first, and in the 
year 1806. 

The Lodge, during 1842, conferred the Master's degree upon J. L. D. 
Morrison and C. G. Y. Taylor, March 9th: Seth Catlin, Oliver Green, 
and W. E. Chittenden, March 10th : C. F. Flamuff and Alexander 
Eaney, March llth; Nathan Todd, May 3d ; Ralph Crabb, May 17th; 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 191 

David "Wilver and George W. Hook, May 25th; Jonathan Moore and 
Richard Handle, July 12th; Jarvis M.Jacks, Sept. 6th ; Julius Raith, 
Dec. 6th. 

Oct. 16th, Bro. John Hay was buried with the solemnities appropriate 
to the occasion. 

Oct. 25th, the Lodge was duly constituted as No. 60, by A. T. Douglas, 
Grand Visitor Grand Lodge of Missouri, and the officers, as here given, 
were installed: Joseph Bennett, W. M.; J. C. Theill, S. W.; P. "W. 
Randle, J. W.; Alexander Beany, Treas.; C. G. Y. Taylor, Sec.; Oliver 
Green, S. D.; L. D. Turner, J. D.; J. Rankin, Tyler. 

Dec. 13th, officers elected, viz.: J. C. Theill, W. M.; P. W. Randle, S. 
W.; C. G. Y. Taylor, J. W.: Alexander Reany, Sec.; J. Bennett, Treas.; 
Oliver Green, S. D.; G. W. Hook, J. D.; J. Rankin, Tyler ; W. G. Goforth, 
Marshal. 

On the seventh of July, 1842, a petition was prepared by a number of 
brethren residing in the town of Salem, county of Marion, praying for a 
dispensation to open and hold a Lodge at that place. July llth, the 
petition was duly recommended, and on the fourteenth of July a dis- 
pensation was granted by Joab Bernard, Deputy Grand Master Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, attested by Richard B. Dallam, Grand Secretary. 
The petition was signed by Breth. John A. Goudy, W. H. H. Barnes, A. 
H. Barnes, Mathew W. Hall, B. W. Baker, Thomas Moon, S. G. Hicks, 
and Noah Johnson. 

This Lodge conferred the Master's degree upon Breth. Justice R. Ry- 
man and A. K. King, Sep. 26th. Oct. 27th, Bro. Douglas constituted the 
Lodge as No. 59, and installed John A. Goudy, as W. M.; W. H. H. 
Barnes, S. W.; Alexander H. Barnes, J. W.; Mathew W. Hall, Treas. 



CHAPTER XVI. 



1843. 



The third grand communication of the present Grand Lodge was held 
at Jacksonville, commencing Monday, Oct. 2d, 1843. Present: M. W. 
Meredith Helm, G. M.; R. W. Alexander Dunlap, D. G. M.; W. Levi 
Lusk, S. G. W.; W. Wm. Hodge, J. G. W. pro tern.; W. Wm. B. Warren, 
G. Sec.,- "W. Maurice Doyle, G. Treas. pro tern.; W. John Bennett, G. S. D.; 
W. Thos. L. Harris, G. J. D.; W. S. W. Lucas, G. Pursuivant; W. A. C. 
Dickson, G. Marshal j W. Geo. Hackett, G. Tyler. 

The following Lodges were represented : 

Bodley No. 1, J. B. Conyers ; Equality No. 2, W. B. Warren, (proxy) ; 
Harmony . No. 3, A. V. Putnam; Springfield No. 4, Maurice Doyle; 
Rushville No. 9, Levi Lusk; Rising Sun No. 12, L. N. Scovill, (proxy) ; 
Temperance No. 16, W. Hodge; Macomb, U. D., James Chandler; La- 
Fayette, U. D., L. C. Kercheval ; Clinton, U. D., John Bennett; Hancock 
U. D., Lewis Evans ; Warsaw, U. D., A^J. Chittenden : Milwaukee, U. D., 
L. C. Kercheval; Nauvoo, U. D., S. Roundy; Helm, U. D., J. S. Myers; 
Nye, U. D., J. S. Myers ; Eagle, U. D., L. N. Scovill. 

The Grand Lodge was opened in ample form, and with prayer by the 
M. W. Grand Master. 

Columbus Lodge No. 6, Friendship No. 7, Macon No. 8, Juliet No. 10, 
St. Johns No. 13, Warren No. 14, and PeoriaNo. 15, were not represented 
on the morning of the first day. 

The M. W. Grand Master read the following message: 

"BRETHREN: We have assembled together this morning on an interesting and 
important occasion. Various Lodges of our ancient and honorable Order are 
congregated here by their respective delegates, representing, it is presumed, 
the collective talents, virtue, and information of the Fraternity throughout this 
State and part of the Territories of Wisconsin and Iowa. We have come up to 
be gratified with the sight of each other's faces once more; to exchange the cor- 
dial and friendly greeting: to "take sweet counsel together;" to draw still 
tighter the cords which unite us as a band of brother?, and to deliberate upon 
and finally adopt such measures as, in our opinion and hope, may conduce to 
the prosperity of Masonry within our borders, and perchance have a collateral 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 193 

influence upon the Fraternity wheresoever dispersed. Knowing somewhat of 
Masonry, and acquainted as I am with many of you, I feel it to be altogether 
unnecessary to remind you of those principles of our order, so essential to he 
observed in the prosecution of the business of this body; essential to its well- 
being and to a happy termination of its labors. Masons pre-eminently love 
order and harmony; and I doubt not you will enter upon the accomplishment 
of the work before you, with a prevailing disposition and a steady determina- 
tion in all you say and do, to have regard to the excellent tenets of our institu- 
tion: "to love as brethren; to be kindly affectionate one to another, in honor 
preferring one another." Union is the very soul of our associated being ; sel- 
fishness, at war and incompatible with the genius and spirit of Masonry. Am- 
bition and rivalry we know not, '-except that noble emulation of who can best 
work and best agree." While we deliberate a few days together, my brethren, 
let us exemplify in our conduct these interesting traits of Masonry. 

"Your officers, however deficient they may be in Masonic knowledge, and al- 
though aware of their constant liability to err, being those of your own choice, 
will look to you for that generous confidence which Masons only know how to 
bestow ; and will expect your aid and support so long as they shall evince recti- 
tude of intention, and a sincere desire to discharge their respective duties ac- 
cording to their best abilities. Happily, experience has taught us not to expect 
this in vain. 

"Since your last annual meeting, I have granted dispensations for the forma- 
tion of new Lodges at Warsaw, Carthage, Macomb, Chicago, Nauvoo and Pekin, 
in this State; at Keokuk, Iowa; and Milwaukee, Wisconsin Territory. The pa- 
pers connected with these proceedings will be laid before you by the G. Sec- 
retary, for your inspection; and it wilfbe for you to deteimin e whether the 
authority granted by either of these dispensations shall now cease, or be con- 
firmed by a permanent grant in the nature of a charter. 

"The committee appointed by you to visit Xauvoo for the purpose of inquir- 
ing into certain irregularities alleged to have been committed by the Lodge- 
there, after discharging the duty assigned them, made a report to me, conclud- 
ing with a recommendation that their dispensation be continued. Accordingly, 
in compliance with what appeared to me, under these circumstances, to be the 
wish of the Grand Lodge, as implied in the resolution appointing said com- 
mittee, I restored to them their dispensation. The authority therein granted 
now ceases, and the whole matter is again before the Grand Lodge, upon their 
application for acharter. This subject has heretofore excited no little discussion 
both in and out of this body, and the action of the Grand Lodge in reference to 
it has been made the object of much animadversion, criticism, and remark. 
Several communications from eminent and honored names in Masonry, have 
been addressed to me, calling in question the correctness of the course pursued 
by you in relation to this subject, and strongly protesting against the prudence 
and propriety of allowing a Masonic Lodge to exist in Nauvoo. I call your at- 
tention to these facts, solely for the purpose of suggesting that justice to our 
Xauvoo brethren, courtesy and respect for those who object to our past conduct 
towards them, and a proper regard for the good opinion and welfare of the Fra- 
ternity at large, alike require that every step of your proceedings in this matter 
should be marked by the utmost care, caution, and deliberation. Whatever 
may be your decision, be entirely satisfied that it is right and proper; over- 
stepping no ancient landmark, and altogether congenial with the spirit, and con- 

13 



191 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

formable to the universally acknowledged principles of our Order. Should you 
finally determine to grant a charter to Nauvoo Lodge, and thus perpetuate its 
existence, I would suggest the propriety, nay, the absolute necessity, of dividing 
it into at least four, if not more, distinct Lodges. The number of its members 
is entirely too large 'for convenience in working, and is otherwise objection- 
able; a fact of which they are themselves aware. A short time ago they applied to 
me to divide them into several distinct Lodges; but as this application was 
made at a period very near to our annual meeting, I thought it proper to wait 
and refer the whole matter, as I now do, to the Grand Lodge. 

" I am gratified at being able to inform you that the Lodge at Vandalia, avail- 
ing itself of the invitation extended to it and others by resolution of the last 
session, and of the permission granted to it through the courtesy of the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, has accepted a charter from this Grand Lodge, and is now 
working under our authority. It is hoped that the time is not distant, when the 
other -Lodges in this State, similarly situated, will follow her example, and that 
thereby the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge will become, as of right it ought 
to be, co-extensive with the boundaries of the State. 

" I would direct your attention in an especial manner to the doings of the late 
Baltimore National Convention, a copy of whose proceedings are in the posses- 
sion of the Grand Secretary. It is regretted that owing to the comparatively 
recent organization of this Grand Lodge, and our consequent inability to spare 
sufficient funds for that purpose, we were unrepresented in that convention. 
We should not hesitate, however, to avail ourselves, as far as possible, of the 
benefits to accrue from their valuable labors; particularly such as were directed 
to the establishing a uniform mode of work. In no State, perhaps, is some 
authoritative standard and exposition of the lectures and work more needed 
than this. Coming as we do from all parts of the United States and of Europe, 
each bringing with him his peculiarity of mode, and a strong predilection in favor 
of that mode to which he has been accustomed, we necessarily differ among 
ourselves in many things unessential, but in some things materially. Even 
when these differences are not essential, and refer only to the most trifling 
minutise, the beauty, regularity and harmony of the work are marred, audit.* 
facility impeded by the want of uniformity, an inconvenience which will con- 
tinue to be seen and felt until the defect, slight though it be, shall be remedied. 
I would, therefore, respectfully recommend that you appoint at your present 
session a Grand Lecturer, whose duty it shall be, as soon after this convocation 
as may be, to proceed, at the expense of this Grand Lodge, to St. Louis, to con- 
fer with the delegates from Missouri to the Baltimore Convention, to become 
thoroughly instructed by them in the lectures and work as adopted by said con- 
vention, and to report the same to this Grand Lodge at its next annual convo- 
cation, for their approval or rejection. In the meantime, presuming that the 
said work is correct, and acting upon the necessity of adopting some standard, 
the Grand Lodge might require the Grand Lecturer, after having been instructed 
as already stated, to visit and instruct such of the Lodges, subordinate to us, as 
may prefer a formal request to him for that purpose, and will engage to defray 
his expenses while on his mission to them. 

" The resolution adopted by the Baltimore Convention, recommending the 
formation of triennial National Conventions, together with the rules suggested 
for the organization of the same, are recommended to your careful considera- 
tion. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 195 

"Another resolution, adopted first by the Convention of Washington, and 
.reiterated by that lately held at Baltimore, in relation to requiring from breth- 
ren who are strangers, certificates of good standing, emanating from the Grand 
Lodge from the jurisdiction of which they respectively hail, is also worthy of 
your serious attention. 

" Fearing that you will think I have already trespassed upon your time, I shall 
leave to the Committee on Foreign Correspondence the task of bringing before 
you such matter from abroad as may be deemed worthy of your notice, and close 
these remarks by expressing a confident hope that your deliberations during 
this convocation will be characterized, in a peculiar degree, by harmony and 
love, and that the measures you may see proper to adopt will be wise in their 
conception and design, strong and enduring in their results, and beautiful as a 
pillar of the Corinthian order, enriched by the graces of the Ionic. 

The standing committees were then announced, viz. : 

On Returns and Work, Bros. Lusk, Hodge, and Conyers; on Petitions 
and Grievances, Scovill, Prather, and Lusk; on Finance and Accounts, 
Putnam, Doyle, and Dunlap; on Foreign Communications, Warren, 
Hodge, and McNeill; to Examine Visiting Brethren, Hackett, Bennett, 
and Putnam. 

The message of the Grand Master was referred to the Committee on 
Foreign Communications. 

In the afternoon, the Committee on Returns and Work reported Lodges 
Nos. 2, 4, 9, and 16 correct, and recommended the granting of charters 
to Macomb Lodge as No. 17, and LaFayette as No. 18, which was accord- 
ingly done, and Breth. Chandler, of No. 17, and Kercheval, of No. 18, 
admitted as representatives of those Lodges. During the afternoon 
session, Bro. Gorin appeared as the representative of Macon Lodge. 

In the evening, the Committee on Returns and Work reported as 
follows : 

"The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges beg leave farther to report 
that they have examined the returns of Harmony Lodge No. 3, and Macon 
Lodge No. 8, and find them correct and dues paid. 

"They have examined the return of Bodley Lodge No. 1, and find the work 
regular and dues paid. 

"Your committee also report, that they have examined the records, returns, 
and by-laws of Carthage Lodge, U. D., and Clinton Lodge, U. D., and find them 
correct, dues paid, and charter desired. 

" We have also examined the abstract return and by-laws of Warsaw Lodge, 
U. I)., and from that it appears the work is correct, dues paid, and charter de- 
sired. 

"Your committee have also examined the work and return of Milwaukee 
Lodge U. D., which appeared to be correct, dues unpaid, and charter desired. 

"They have also examined the abstract return of Eagle Lodge, U. D., from 
which it appears that the work has been very irregular and highly censurable, 
in that, in as many as six instances, petitions have been presented and acted 
on in a shorter period than one lunar month; in every other respect the work 
appears to have been correct, so far as we can judge from the abstract alone. 



196 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Your committee have examined the abstract returns of Rising Sun Lodge 
No. 12, Nauvoo Lodge, (J. D., Nye Lodge, U. D., and Helm Lodge, U. D., but are 
unable to report thereupon without further explanation or amendment of re- 
turns. 

"Your committee offer the following resolution : 

"Sesolved, That charters be granted to Clinton Lodge, U. D., as Clinton Lodge 
No. 19; Hancock Lodge, U. D., as Hancock Lodge No. 20; Warsaw Lodge, U. D., 
as Warsaw Lodge No. 21; Milwaukee Lodge, U. D., when dues are paid, as Mil- 
waukee Lodge No. 22. 

" L. LUSK. 
J. B. CONYERS. 

"On motion of Bro. Warren, Bro. John Bennett was invited to take 
his seat as representative of Clinton Lodge No. 19 ; Bro. Lewis Evans as 
representative of Hancock Lodge No. 20 ; and Bro. A. J. Chittenden as 
representative of Warsaw Lodge No. 21." 

So much of the Grand Master's address as related to Nauvoo Lodge, 
was referred to the Committee on Returns and Work. 

The following action was had : 

" Bro. Prather moved to take up an amendment to the by-laws pro- 
posed by Bro. Davis at the last annual communication, which was 
agreed to. The amendment read as follows : 

" Each subordinate Lodge shall have authority to fix its own fees for 
conferring the three degrees and for membership; but no Lodge shall 
charge a less sum than twenty dollars, nor more than thirty for the 
former, and not less than two nor more than five for the latter ; pro- 
vided, that no charge of membership be made against those who have 
received the three degrees in the Lodge. 

" Bro. Prather then proposed to amend said resolution by striking out 
the word 'twenty' and inserting the word fifteen, and by striking out the 
word ' thirty.' 

"The W. G. Master decided that an amendment to an amendment of 
the by-laws, which had laid over for one year, was out of order. To 
this decision Bro. Prather excepted, and an appeal was taken to the 
Grand Lodge. The decision of the W. G. Master was sustained by the 
Grand Lodge Ayes, 8; noes, 4. 

" On motion of Bro. Hodge, the amendment was laid over for the 
present." 

The amendment to the by-laws, providing for the substitution of the 
word "Springfield" in place of " Jacksonville," as the place of meet- 
ing, was laid over to the next day. 

The amendment of Bro. S. H. Davis to the by-laws, offered the year 
previous, providing that whenever the average attendance at Lodge 
meetings shall be less than ten, such Lodge should surrender its charter, 
and that when the membership of a Lodge exceeded fifty, it should be 
divided, was taken up and lost "Ayes, 1 ; nays, 15." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 197 

The Grand Marshal was directed to make arrangements for a pro- 
cession on the next day, at 11 o'clock. 

Tuesday morning, the Grand Lodge was called to labor at 8-V o'clock. 

The reports of the Grand Secretary and Treasurer were referred to the 
Committee on Finance. 

The Grand Lodge then went into an election, resulting in the election 
of M. W. Alexander Dunlap, of Jacksonville, G. M. ; R. W. Levi Lusk, 
of Rushville, D. G. M.; W. William Hodge, of Vandalia, S. G. W.; 
Henry Prather, of Decatur, J. G. W. ; Wm. B. Warren, of Jacksonville, 
G. Sec. ; Adams Dunlap, of Rushville, D. G. Sec. ; P. Coffman, of Jack- 
sonville, G. Treas.j H. S. Cooley, of Quincy, G. 0.; G. A. Patterson, of 
Decatur, G. C.; George Hackett, of Jacksonvilla, G. Tyler. 

Appointment as follows were made : J. B. Conyers, of Quincy, 
G. S. D. ; John Bennett, of Petersburg, G. J. D. ; P. Underwood, of Vir- 
ginia, G. Marshal ; L. C. Kercheval, of Chicago, G. Steward , P. J. 
Zwisler, of Springfield, G. S. B. 

The Grand Lodge then proceeded to the Methodist Church, where an 
oration was delivered by Bro. Cooley, and upon returning, the Grand 
Lodge was called off until 2 o'clock P. M., at which time it was again 
called to labor, when the officers were duly installed. 

The amendment to the by-laws, changing the place of meeting, was 
taken up and lost. 

On motion of Bro. Bennett, the Grand Secretary was directed to dis- 
continue the practice of publishing in the proceedings the personal 
description of rejected petitioners. 

The Grand Lodge having resolved to elect a Grand Lecturer, a ballot 
for that purpose was had, and Levi Lusk was elected. 

On motion of P. G. Master Helm, the Grand Lecturer was directed to 
proceed to St. Louis, and there meet the delegates to the Baltimore Con- 
vention, and perfect himself in the work, which was to be imparted to 
the Lodges upon their request and at their expense. The Grand Lodge 
was then called from labor. 

At seven o'clock, the Grand Lodge again convened, when the Com- 
mittee on Returns and Work reported that the returns of Friendship 
Lodge No. 8 were correct, also Cass Lodge U. D., to which latter a char- 
ter was granted as Xo. 23. 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts made their report, as follows : 

"The committee on Finance and Accounts have examined the accounts of 
the Grand Marshal, Grand Tyler, and the report of the Grand Secretary and 
Grand Treasurer, and find them correct. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

"The Grand Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Illinois begs leave to report, 
that he has in his hands twenty-eight dollars and twenty-five cents, ill good 



198 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS 

money; that he received from the Grand Secretary at the last Annual Commu- 
nication, in State Bank paper..-. $240 00 

That he paid to Grand Charity $5000 

For printing 34 00 

84 00 



Balance in his hands, State paper $156 00 

And good money 28 25 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"P. COFFMAN. 

"The following is a statement of the finances : 

RECEIPTS. 

In hands of Treasurer, State Bank paper, $156, equal to _ $78 00 

In hands of Treasurer, par funds ., 28 CO 

In hands Grand Secretary 318 00 



$424 65 

EXPENDITURES. 

By G. Marshal, as per bill with vouchers $20 00 

By G. Tyler 10 25 

Due estate of General Adams 121 84 



$152 50 

Balance in Treasury after paying the Adam's debt $271 97 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"A. V. PUTNAM, 
A. DUNLAP." 
GRAND SECRETARY : 
1843.] In account with Grand Lodge, III.: 

To cash on hand, $40 St. Louis scrip, equal to $32 25 

" on hand 14 62 

" State paper of Treas., $50, equal to 20 00 

" rec'd since last communication, of Nauvoo 92 00 

" Warsaw, for dispensation and dues 22 75 

" Hancock, for dispensation and dues 25 00 

" Helm, for dispensation and dues 18 00 

" Macomb, for dispensation and dues 25 75 

" Nye, for dispensation and dues 25 00 

" Pekin, for dispensation and dues 13 00 

'" Eagle, for dispensation and dues 19 00 

" Milwaukee, for dispensation and dues 13 00 

" Lafayette, for dispensation and dues 29 50 

' Rushville, for dispensation and dues 27 75 

" Springfield, for dues 24 75 

" Clinton, for dues 10 CO 

" Equality, for dues 15 00 

" Vandalia, for dues 13 50 

" Peoria, ($14 Shawneetown, S6 State Bank,) 10 00 

$454 12 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 199 

CONTRA : 

By expenses, self, Bro. Nye and Rodgers, as per bill rendered $50 12]4 

Paid for printing 28 31 

Paid for Magazine 2 00 

Paid for postage 1 88 

Paid for Stationery 1 15 

Services as Grand Secretary 50 00 

133 56 



$308 56 

A vote of thanks (on motion of Bro. Hodge), was tendered M. W. Bro. 
Helm, for the "able, dignified, and courteous manner" in which he 
presided over the deliberations of the Grand Lodge. 

The following petition from Friendship Lodge was rejected : 

" To the M. W. Grand Master, Wardens, and Brethren of the M. W. Grand Lodge 

of Illinois : 

" Your petitioners, the officers and members of Friendship Lodge No. 7, re- 
spectfully represent, that in their returns to the Grand Lodge, they have report- 
ed a brother expelled from the Lodge, and they are desirous of publishing his 
name and description to the world themselves, and they ask leave of the R. 
W. Grand Lodge to do so." 

The Committee on Returns and Work made an additional report, as 
follows, which was adopted : 

" The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges beg leave to report : That 
they have examined the abstract returns from Rising Sun Lodge No. 12, from 
which it appears that the work has been irregular, and that the return is alto- 
gether informal, and dues unpaid. 

"They have also examined the abstract returns of Nauvoo Lodge, U. D., and 
they find the work in some measure correct, but in many instances there ap- 
pear irregularities, and matters to our committee inexplicable. The Lodge 
has failed to bring their record before the committee, which to some of your 
committee, at least, is a matter of surprise, knowing, as they do, the severe les- 
son the said Lodge was taught at the last Grand Communication. The greatest 
irregularitiy of which your committee would complain is, that there appears to 
be a disposition to accumulate and gather members without regard to character, 
and to push them on through the second and third degrees, before they can be 
possibly skilled in the first and second. Your committee are aware that there 
is no by-law of this Grand Lodge to prevent this; nor are they sure that any 
length of probation would in all cases insure skill; but they feel certain that 
the ancient landmarks of the order require that the Lodge should know that 
the candidate is well skilled in one degree, before he is advanced to another. 
Your committee will not doubt but there are many worthy and skillful breth- 
ren in Nauvoo Lodge ; brethren who would under other circumstances be an 
ornament to the institution of Masonry ; but they are reassured that their influ- 
ence is entirely lost and obscured by the conduct of others less worthy; nay, of 
those who entirely disregard the ties that should bind us together as scared a 
band of friends and brothers. 



200 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Your committee have also had under consideration the abstract return of 
Helm Lodge, U. D., and find their work irregular in receiving and acting on four 
petitions in one day; and imprudent in passing and raising to the third de- 
gree, often times within two days after initiation, as appears from the abstract 
alone; for no records have been presented, and dues in part unpaid. 

"The returns from Nye Lodge, U. D.,are objectionable in the. same points that 
those of Helm Lodge are, viz.: in receiving petitions on one day, and initiating 
on the next, in as many as six instances. And also in pushing the candidate 
through the second and third degrees, before he can possibly be skilled in the 
preceding degrees. The dues appear to be paid. 

"Your committee have been at a great loss to know what course to recom- 
mend in relation to the above named Lodge; and also to Eagle Lodge, U. D., 
heretofore reported, but on which there was no action. 

"That their work is highly censurable, there is no doubt in the mindset' your 
committee; but whether that censure should extend so far as to arrest their 
charter, or suspend their dispensation, is a matter of which your committee 
would be most gladly relieved; were this all, your committee would be inclined 
to the side of mercy; but from facts that have been communicated to your com- 
mittee through various channels, and particularly through Masons of eminence, 
who have visited the Lodge at Nauvoo, your committee have good reason to be- 
lieve that they put on their best dress when they appear before this Grand 
Lodge. 

"Your committee will offer the following resolutions: 

"Resolved, That the charter of Rising Sun Lodge No. 12, be suspended, and 
that the Master and Wardens be cited to appear at the next grand annual com- 
munication of this Grand Lodge, to show cause, if any they have, why their 
charter should not be revoked. 

"Resolved, That in the opinion of this Grand Lodge, it is inexpedient and pre- 
judicial to the interests of Freemasonry, longer to sustain H Lodge in Nauvoo ; 
and for the disrespect and contempt that Nauvoo Lodge and Helm Lodge have 
shown in refusing to present the records of their work to this Grand Lodge, 

"Resolved, That their dispensations be and they are hereby revoked and char- 
ters refused. 

"Resolved, That for irregular work and disregard of the resolutions and in- 
structions of this Grand Lodge, the dispensations of Eagle Lodge and Nye 
Lodge are hereby revoked and charters refused. 

"Your committee further report, that no returns have been received from the 
following named Lodges, viz.: Juliet No. 10, Warren No. 14, Peoria No. 15, Kas- 
kaskia, U. D., and Ottawa, U. D. 

"Your committee offer the following resolution: 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be directed to correspond with the above 
named Lodges, and ascertain the excuses of said Lodges for not making their 
annual returns, and report the same to the next annual communication of this 
Grand Lodge. 

" L. LUSK, 
J. B. CONYERS, 
W. HODGE." 

Breth. Helm and Chittenden were granted leave of absence. 
The Grand Lodge was then called oft' until Wednesday morning. 
Wednesday the Grand Lodge was called to labor. 
The Grand Secretary made the following report : 

"The undersigned, having been appointed a special delegate by this Grand 
Lodge to visit the Grand Lodge of Missouri, at her last annual communication, 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 201 

and confer with her on the subject of the subordinate Lodges in this State 
working under her jurisdiction, performed that duty, and now submits to this 
R. W. Grand Lodge the action of the R. W. Grand Lodge of Missouri on that 
subject. 

" Your delegate can not take leave of this subject without expressing the pleas- 
ure he received from the kind attention which was paid to this R. W. Grand 
Lodge through their delegate evincing a disposition on the part of that R. W. 
Grand Lodge, cordially to reciprocate those fraternal relations which do, and of 
right should, characterize the Masonic family. 

" W. B. WARREN." 

Bro. Warren, from the Committee on Foreign Communications, reported 
as follows : 

"The Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Communications begs leave to 
report that he had indulged a hope until a late hour, that the leport would have 
been written out by another member of the committee, and regrets exceedingly 
that he can not spare the time from his occupation, as Grand Secretary, to take 
a more extended view of the very interesting correspondence which has come 
under his notice. Communications and printed journals have been received 
from the following Grand Lodges, viz.: Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, 
New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, 
Connecticut, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Alabama, Missouri, Mississippi, Arkansas, 
Florida, and the Republic of Texas. 

" In these communications very many things of interest and instruction to 
the Craft are noticed; many of which should, if time permitted, be brought be- 
fore this Grand Lodge for its action. 

" Your committee have read them with pride and pleasure, evidencing as they 
do, that the star of Masonry, 'that star which guided the wise men of the 
East,' is tending upward and onward, bright and brighter, not only over this 
Union, but throughout the habitable globe ; and he who is in possesion of that 
universal language, is hailed and embraced as a brother, whether wandering 
through the green forests of America, over the burning sands of Palestine, or 
wending his way along the gloomy banks of the Ganges. The increased intel- 
ligence of the Craft, together with the very increased attention to the various 
duties of the Order, give earnest that a spirit of peace and brotherly love is 
abroad in the land. 

"At a time when the embarrassments of the country stand unparalleled in the 
history of our republic, it might have been expected that an institution whose 
basis is charity and the practice of the social and moral relations of man, would 
have languished. Its failure to do so, is another and an unerring testimony that 
an All-Seeing Eye is in a peculiar manner overlooking the interest of the Ma- 
sonic Fraternity. 

"Your committee beg leave to call the attention of the. Grand Lodge to the 
very able address of Grand Master Helm, as embracing most of the subjects 
upon which your committee would recommend the action of the Grand Lodge. 

" W. B. WARREN." 

The subject of Grand Lodge certificates, alluded to in the address of 
the M. "W. G. Master, was referred to Breth. Conyers, Prather, and 
Bennett. 



202 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Resolutions of thanks to the Grand Orator and the Methodist Church 
were passed. 

At the afternoon session, the committee to whom was referred the 
matter of certificates, reported as follows : 

"The committee to whom was referred that part of our M. \V. Past Grand 
Master Helm's message, the subject of Grand Lodge certificates, have had the 
same duly under consideration, and beg leave to offer the following resolutions : 

"1st. Resolved, That this R. W. Grand Lodge recommend to the subordinate 
Lodges working under her jurisdiction, that they acknowledge no certificates 
presented by strange brethren, but such as have emanated from the respective 
Grand Lodge from which they hail; and further, that they admit no strange 
brethren within their charities or visitors but such as present certificates as 
above. 

"2d. Resolved, That this R. W. Grand Lodge, request other grand and subordi- 
nate Lodges throughout the Globe, to pay no attention to certificates purporting 
to come from subordinate Lodges working under this Grand Lodge, nor permit 
any Mason hailing from under their jurisdiction, to visit their Lodges or partake 
f their charities, unless they present a certificate from this Grand Lodge, signed 
by the M. W. Grand Master "and attested by the Grand Secretary, and the seal 
of the Grand Lodge. 

"3d. Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be directed to furnish subordinate 
Lodges with a sufficient number of blank certificates as soon as practicable, that 
the subordinate Lodges may be prepared to furnish their members without de- 
lay. 

"4th. Resolved, That the Secretaries of the subordinate Lodges working under 
the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge, be required to register the names of those 
to whom certificates may be issued, and report the same in their annual returns 
to this Grand Lodge. 

"J. B. CONYERS." 

The first resolution was laid over one year, and the remainder adopted. 
The following was passed : 

" Bro. Putnam offered the following resolution, which, on motion, was adopted : 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be required to furnish one hundred and 

fifty certificates, printed on parchment, and furnish to each subordinate Lodge 

such a number as they may order; and such subordinate Lodges be required 

to pay the Grand Secretary fifty cents each for said certificates." 

Bro. Grand Secretary was instructed to purchase a library of ancient 
authority, for the use of this R. W. Grand Lodge; also, to have the pro- 
ceedings of this Grand Communication, together with the constitution 
and by-laws, printed and distributed as usual. 

The Grand Lodge then closed. 

Nauvoo, Helm, and Nye Lodges were located at Nauvoo, and were 
composed mainly of Mormons. Eagle Lodge, at Keokuk, was of the 
same character. These Lodges were the result of a division of Nauvoo 
Lodge, and were never chartered. /?*f3 

The membership of the Lodges this year was as follows : Bodley No. 
1,25; Equality No. 2, 22; Harmony No. 3, 17; Springfield No. 4, 41; 
Columbus No. 6,13; Friendship No. 7, 22 ; Macon No. 8, 22 ; Rushville 
No. 9, 26 ; Juliet No. 10, 14 : Rising Sun No. 12, 45 ; St. John's No. 13, 
13 ; "Warren No. 14, 32 : Peoria No. 15, not returned ; Temperance No. 
16, 24 ; Macomb No. 17, 18: LaFayette No. 18, 21 ; Clinton No. 19, 14; 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 203 

Hancock No. 20, 16 ; Warsaw No. 21, 14 ; Milwaukee No. 22, 17 ; Cass, 
No. 23, 13 ; Pekin, U. D., 10. Total reported, 439. 



BODLEY LODGE NO. 1. 

The raisings during 1843 were as follows : Robert S. Williams, Feb. 

6: J. C. Headley, Feb. 20; Van Fleet, Sept. 15; John B. Young, 

Oct. 22 ; J. H. Ralston, Oct. 24 ; Levi Palmer, Nov. 15. 

March 2, charges preferred against two brethren were withdrawn, the 
brethren having made all proper confessions, and having expressed 
their sorrow and regret. Intemperance was the cause assigned. Mayl, 
among the visitors we find the name of Stephen A. Douglas. June 6, an 
invitation from St. John's Lodge, at Hannibal, to join with them in 
celebrating St. John's Day, was accepted, twenty-five brethren having 
agreed to attend. June 20, the committee appointed to make arrange- 
ments reported that they had secured the steamboat " Sarah Ann " for 
the trip. July 11, the Lodge interred the remains of Thomas C. Grant, 
a "stranger brother," who died July 10, and whose residence was " St. 
Mary's Landing, Arkansas," and who was " aged about 42." Sept. 29, 
the following action was had : 

"Resolved, That we respectfully ask the attention of the members of the Grand 
Lodge and delegates to carefully examine into and consider well on the propriety 
of granting a charter to Nauvoo Lodge, U. D., and that it is our decided conviction 
that said dispensation should never have been granted, and from what we have 
seen and heard from sources to be relied on, that it would be unwise to grant a 
charter or continue a dispensation longer among that people." 

On motion of E. M. Davis, 

"Resolved, further, That the delegates from this Lodge to the Grand Lodge be 
instructed to vote against the granting of charter to any Lodge in Nauvoo, and 
use all their endeavors to procure a withdrawal of the dispensations now 
granted." 

Passed unanimously. 

Oct. 30, Bro. John Lee, who died Oct. 28, was buried with Masonic 
honors. No administrator of the property of Bro. Lee having been 
designated, Bro. Asbury was requested by the Lodge to act as such, and 
it was resolved that "immediate care" should be taken of Bro. Lee's 
orphan children. Deo. 26, officers were elected as follows: Josiah B. 
Conyers, W. M.; J. Hedges, S. W. ; J. C. Headley, J. W. ; Damon 
Hauser, Treasurer; C. Steinagle, Secretary; H. S. Cooley and Levi 
Palmer, Deacons; and Abraham Van Fleet, Tyler. The officers were 
then installed. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 102. 

This Lodge reported the following raisings during the year 1843: 
Benjamin Irish, April 1st; William Ellage, July 1st. 



204 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

June 24th, the following officers were elected : J. E. Watkins, W. M.: 
A. W. Pool, S. W.; John R. Smoot, J. W.: R. T. Hopper, Sec.; J. W. Ham- 
ilton, Treas.; John M. Leech, S. D.; Benj. Irish, J. D.; John Howard, 
Tyler. 

Dec. 27th, the following were elected : John M. Leech, W. M.: A. W. 
Pool, S. W.: J. W. Hamilton, J. W.: R. T. Hopper, Sec.: Wm. Siddall, 
Treas.; Joa. E. Watkins and John M. Burnett, Deacons; William Ellage, 
Tyler. At this meeting the charter of the Lodge as No. 2, issued by the 
Grand Lodge of Illinois, was received, whereupon Equality Lodge No. 
102 "adjourned sine die," and "Equality Lodge No. 2 was opened on the 
first, second and third degrees of Masonry." 

HARMONY LODGE NO. 3. 

The return of this Lodge to the Grand Lodge, which is all the infor- 
mation concerning the Lodge during this year we are in possession of, 
is as follows : 

" RETURN OF HARMONY LODGE No 3, JACKSONVILLE. 

" A. V. Putnam, W. M.; W. W. Happy, S. W.; J. A. McDougal, J. W.; W. 
B. Warren, Sec.; Matt. Stacy, Treas.; J. T. Sigler, S. D. ; J. M. Lucas, J. 
D.: A. C. Dickson, Tyler. 

" MASTER MASONS. (Including above) S. W. Lucas, John T. Jones, 
Philip Coffman,A. Dunlap, John Gregory, George Hackett, Dennis Rock- 
well, James T. Holmes, Clark Roberts. 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 4. 

The Master's degree was conferred upon the following brethren during 
1843: N. W. Matheny and William Wilkey, Jan. 19th; N. B. Heath, 
Feb. 12th; Eli Cook, Sep. 30th. 

Feb. 13th, the Lodge resolved to celebrate the 22d February, and ap- 
pointed a committee of arrangements to carry the resolution into effect. 
Invitations were ordered to issue to the Lodges at Jacksonville, Decatur, 
Petersburg, and Virginia. Breth. Weber, Zwisler, and Harvey were ap- 
pointed a committee to invite P. G. M. Jonas to deliver an oration on 
the occasion. Feb. 17th, the committee reported that Bro. Jonas had 
signified his acceptance of the invitation to be present and deliver an 
oration on the 22d instant. The Washingtonian Temperance Society 
were invited to assist in the celebration. Feb. 22d, the day was duly 
celebrated, an oration being delivered and dinner partaken of, at which 
the Governor, Lieut. Governor, Judges of the Supreme Court, and the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives were present by invitation. On 
returning to the hall, a vote of thanks was passed, to Bro. Jonas for his 
oration, and to the "Military Company of Cadets for their handsome 
escoit," and the Secretary ordered to send copies of the same to Bro. 
Jonas and "Captain Johnson." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 205 

Feb. 27th, five hundred copies of Bro. Jonas' address were ordered 
printed, and on motion of Bro. S. II. Treat, ordered distributed as follows : 
"Five copies to each of the Lodges in the State: five copies to each of 
the Lodges in St. Louis : one copy to each of the Grand Lodg'es in the 
United States, and twelve copies to Bro. Jonas." On motion of Bro. 
Shepherd, each member of the Lodge was presented with five copies, 
and on motion of Bro. Treat, 25 copies were ordered to be filed "for future 
use and reference." 

April 10th, the Lodge decided that in the future no brother should be 
advanced until he had made suitable proficiency in the preceding de- 
gree, which was to be tested by au examination in open Lodge, or by a 
committee appointed for the purpose. 

June Cth, the Lodge accepted an invitation extended by Clinton 
Lodge, at Petersburg, to celebrate St. John's Day. June 26th, an invita- 
tion from "the Committee of Arrangements, at Rochester, to celebrate 
with them the anniversary of American Independence, was respectfully 
declined." A resolution was introduced amending the by-laws, inso- 
much as they required elections of officers semi-annually, by providing 
for such elections annually, on the 27th December. Officers for the six 
months next ensuing were then elected, with the following result: 
Francis A. McNeil], W. M.: James Zwisler, S. W.; George R. Weber, J. 
"VV. ; Maurice Doyle, Treasurer; N. W. Matheny, Secretary; James 
Maxcy, Tyler. The following appointments were made : N. A. Gar- 
land and C. W. Chatterton, Deacons: James Shepherd, Master of 
Ceremonies. The Finance Committee reported the Lodge indebted to 
the Treasurer seventy-eight dollars and twenty-six cents. Sept. 4th, the 
Lodge resolved to confer the degrees of Masonry upon ministers free of 
charge, provided they devoted their whole time to their profession. 

Dec. 27th, on motion of Bro. Helm, the following was adopted : 

"1st. Resolved, JThat hereafter the Lodge shall be opened punctually at the 
appointed hour : Provided, that sufficient number' of members be present. 

" 2d. Resolved, That immediately after the opening of the Lodge at each meet- 
ing, the Secretary shall call over a "list of the members, arranged in alphabetical 
order, and mark the absentees. That the list of said absentees shall again be 
called over just before the closing of the Lodge. That each absentee at the 
opening of the Lodge, if then present, shall rise as his name is called and offer 
his excuse for his previous absence, the sufficiency or insufficiency of which 
shall be determined by the presiding officer, subject to an appeal to the Lodge, 
which appeal shall be decided immediately and without debate. That each 
absentee who shall not answer to his name on the second calling of the roll, or 
whose excuse shall not be deemed sufficient, shall be fined, if either of the three 
first officers, the Secretary or the Tyler, one dollar; if any other officer, fifty 
cents; if a private member, twenty-five cents, which shall be immediately 
charged by the Secretary to the aforesaid absentee, in his current account with 
the Lodge. 

"3d. Resolved, That if at any subsequent meeting of the Lodge, an absentee 
shall present an excuse for absence from a previous meeting or meetings, which 
shall be deemed sufficient by the presiding officer, or by the Lodge, when ap- 
pealed to, the Secretary shalTthereupon immediately credit the said absentee to 
a corresponding amount by fine or fines remitted, 'in his account current with 
the Lodge. 



206 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"4th. Resolved, That no excuse, except unavoidable absence from the town, 
sickness of self or family, indispensable engagements in our usual avocations, 
attendance at a religious meeting, or some peculiar emergency, to be judged of by 
the presiding officer, or by the Lodge as aforesaid, shall be deemed sufficient to 
justify the remission of a fine. 

"5th. Resolved, That any member who shall leave the Lodge room while the 
Lodge is open without permission first obtained of the presiding officer, shall be 
fined at the discretion of the said presiding officer, and it is hereby made the 
imperative duty of the said officer thereby, and invariably to enforce their rules, 
subject to decision of the Lodge. 

" Oth. Resolved, That in addition to tyling the Lodge faithfully, it is the duty 
of the Tyler to keep the lodge-room and furniture clean, neat, and in good 
order, to go on messages, serve summons, light the candles, make fires and pro- 
vide water, freh and otherwise suitable to drink, punctually by the appointed 
hour of meetings. That in default of the performance of either or all the duties, 
partially or wholly, he shall be fined by the W. Master, to an amount which shall 
be discretionary with the said Master, subject to an appeal by the Tyler from 
his decision to that of the Lodge. 

The amendment offered by Bro. Shepherd, June 26th, changing the 
duration of time for which officers were elected, must have been adopted, 
although no record appears that it was, for on the 27th of December 
officers were elected for. "twelve months." The officers elected were : 
James Zwisler, W. M.; George R. Weber, S. W.,- N. A. Garland, J. \V.: 
Maurice Doyle, Treasurer ; Edward Jones, Secretary. The Committee 
on Finance reported that the Lodge "stood indebted to him (Bro. Doyle), 
in the sum of one hundred and twenty-eight dollars and fourteen cents." 
A letter being received from Bro. Lusk, the Grand Lecturer, intimating 
that he would visit the Lodge on January 12th and 13th, the installation 
was postponed until his arrival. 

COLUMBUS LODGE NO. 6. 

In the absence of any other information regarding this Lodge, we 
present its return to the Grand Lodge : 

" RETURN OF COLUMBUS LODGE No. 6, COLUMBUS. 

" A. Jonas, W. M. ; Samuel Smith, S. W. ,- George W. Thompson, J. W. ; 
A. Touzalin, Treas. ; W. D. McCann, Sec.; L. Griffing, S. D. ; D. P. 
McNeill, J. D.j William Bayne and C. N. Williams, Stewards,- A. J. 
Short, Tyler. 

"Master Masons. A. Jonas, W. D. McCann, Daniel Harrison, L. 
Griffing, George W. Thompson, M. L. Hudnall, W. II. Chapman, Thomas 
Durant, M. L. Williams. 

"Fellow Craft. James Baggs. 

"Entered, Apprentices. George 0. Pond, James B. Johnson." 

FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 7. 

The brethren who attained to the Master's degree in this Lodge during 
1843, are as follows : Charles T. Chase, Feb. 10 ; G. W. Chase, March 9 ; 
J. Alfred Helfenstein, Dec. 14. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 207 

Feb. 7, "at his especial request,' 1 the Lodge buried with the usual 
solemnities the remains of their departed brother, Smith Gilbreth. 

Feb. 9, "the two Chases" were initiated. April 13, charges having 
been preferred against a brother, " he was permitted to tell his story in 
his own way ; this story having been heard at full length, and he having 
explained the matter to the entire satisfaction of the Lodge, motioned 

and carried in the affirmative, that Bro. be fully acquitted of the 

charges made against him." There is no record of the other story being 
heard. June 8, the following officers were elected for the ensuing twelve 
mouths: Charles T. Chase, W. M. ; James Campbell, S. W. ; Horace 
Preston, J. W. ; D. B. McKenny, Sec'y : James McKenny, Treasurer : 
Nathan Morehouse, S. D. : Stephen Fuller, J. D. ; William Rogers and 
A. Brown, Stewards; Joseph Mason, Tyler. 

MACON LODGE NO. 8. 

The only member added to this Lodge by raising, during 1843, was 
E. D. Carter, March 20. 

Feb. 21, the Lodge addressed an invitation to the " Washingtonian 
Temperance Society," to join in the celebration of " the birthday of the 
illustrious father of the country." Feb. 22, the day was duly celebrated, 
the Lodge proceeding to the Court House in procession, where an oration 
was delivered by Bro. J. H. Matheny. Upon returning to the hall, an 
answer to their invitation extended to the Temperance Society was read, 
which was deemed so discourteous that it was ordered to be returned 
" without note or comment." A vote of thanks was tendered Bro. 
Matheny. On motion of Bro. Gorin, 

"Ordered, That the thanks of this Lodge be returned to each of the ladies 
composing the choir of the Masonic celebration of the 22d inst." 

March 11, a resolution was passed providing that the officers should be 
elected at the regular meetings preceding the anniversaries of the Sts. 
John. March 18, a resolution providing for subscription for one copy of 
" C. W. Moore's magazine" was lost. March 20, the financial reports to 
the Lodge showed that the debts due to, and cash in the treasury of the 
Lodge, amounted to 873.20; debts due by the Lodge, $91.48, which was 
818.28 more- than the Lodge owned. May 30, Bro. Gorin wanted to fine 
all members who were absent three regular meetings consecutively, but 
the Lodge refused to sustain him. We are inclined to the belief that he 
has materially changed his mind since that time. The custom of fining 
members for non-attendance was at that time almost universally prac- 
ticed, but as it was a plain violation of that portion of the charge to the 
E. A. where he is told that on no account should he neglect his business, 
the custom was soon dropped, and never since revived. The practice, 
too, of paying dues, in those days was somewhat different from the 



208 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

present. It was the custom at that time to charge so much per meeting, 
which was generally paid at the close of the evening session. This, 
however, soon became a very great bother, and the present system of 
annual and semi-annual dues was adopted, although there are some 
Lodges in which a quarterly payment of dues is still exacted. It is useless 
to require payment of dues oftener than once in each year, at the time 
of election. It simplifies the accounts of the Lodge, is much easier on 
the Secretaries, who have, as a general thing, plenty to do, and gives 
less room for mistakes, and sometimes hard feelings. 

May 28th, the following officers were elected : Joseph King, W. M.; 
J. E. Gorin, S. W.; J. Y. Braden, J. W.; H. J. Armstrong, Treas.; W. B. 
Bosworth, Sec.; James Ashton, Steward and Tyler. 

Sept. 2d, charges were preferred against a brother, and referred to a 
committee, which committee, on the 5th of September, reported the 
testimony taken, and wound up their report by a resolution declaring 
the brother expelled. The report and resolution was laid upon the table 
until the next regular cymmunication; but on the 6th of September, the 
vote laying the report on the table was reconsidered, and the report put 
to vote and lost. One would naturally suppose that that ended the mat- 
ter; but it did not, for on the 7th of October the vote on the adoption of 
the report, by which it was lost, was reconsidered, the report and resolu- 
tion taken up, discussed, put to vote, and carried, and the brother ex- 
pelled. Verily, in the matter of trials, our forefathers were somewhat 
deficient. Nov. 4th, the Building Committee reported that the expenses 
of the building had, up to that time, amounted to $650.16, of which 
$354.47 had been paid, leaving a balance of $303.69 unpaid ; that the 
subscriptions of sundry brethren in Decatur and Spriiigfield, which re- 
mained unpaid, amounted to $98.25 ; leaving $205.44 to be provided for. 
The following officers were elected at this meeting: Henry Prather, 
W. M.; H. J. Armstrong, S. W.; W. B. Bosworth, J. W.; H. Robinson, 
Treas.; J. J. Peddicord, Sec.; Henry Hummell, Steward and Tyler. 

RUSHVILLE LODGE NO. 9. 

The brethren raised by this Lodge during 1843, were Andrew LeCroix, 
Geo. Edgar, Wm. A. Richardson, Peter C. Vance, and Edward G. Curtis. 
We are unable to give the date of these raisings, and, in fact, nothing 
beyond the return, which is here given : 

"RETURN OF RUSHVILLE LODGE No. 9. RUSHVILLE. 

"James L. Anderson, M.; Wm. A. Richardson, S. W.; Hart Fellows, 
J. W.; James McCrosky, Treas.; Adams Dunlap, Sec.; John B. Seeley, 
S. D.: George Edgar, J. D.; T. G. Garrett, S. and T. 

"Master Masons. James L. Anderson, Levi Lusk, John Todhunter, 
Alexander Brazleton, William Edgar, Marshall Smith, Nathan Brooks, 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 209 

Peter C. Vance, Edward G. Curtis, Andrew LeCroix, William Davis, 
Josiah Parrott, James H. Chick, Louis Horton, Abner McDowell, Samuel 
McIIatton, Henry Murray, Rensselaer Wells. 

"Fellow Crafts. Isaac Greer, Joseph Montgomery, Isaac Ewing, A. H. 
Berry. 

"Entered Apprentices. George B. Rogers, Tydence W. Lane, John 
Blackford, Irwin Lemaster, Solomon C. Waid, Wm. II. Crawford, Louis 
Robertson, Abraham Tolles." 

JULIET LODGE NO. 10. 

We are unable to obtain any information concerning this Lodge, beyond 
its return to the Grand Lodge : 

" RETURN OF JULIET LODGE No. 10. JULIET. 

" Norman Hawley, W. M.; Elias Havens, S. W.; Joel George, J. W.; 
James Browdee, Treas.; Thomas J. Wade, Sec.; Jared Runyan, S. D.; 
Thomas J. Thinney, J. D.; William E. Little, Steward; Robert G. Cook, 
Tyler. 

"Master Masons. Joel A. Matteson, David L. Gregg, Joshua Rucker, 
Henry G. Brown, Hiram Blanchard, Joshua Smith. 

"Entered Apprentice. Lewis Kerchival." 

RISING SUN LODGE NO. 12. 
The return of this Lodge to the Grand Lodge is here given : 

" RETURN OF RISING SUN LODGE No. 12. MONTROSE, IOWA. 

" Stephen H. Bennett, W. M.; D. C. Davis, S. W.; C. Williams, J. W.; 
James Anderson, Treas.; Samuel Wood, Sec.; Wm. Vanansdell, S. D.; 
D. A. Pettigrew, J. D.: D. P. Fouts, Hiram Mott, Stewards; Elisha Smith 
and H. Williams, Tylers. 

"Master Masons. Thomas King, John Patten, David Pettigrew, 
Joseph A. Swasey, Luther Fuller, Chapman Duncan, Eli Day, Wheeler 
Baldwin, Daniel P. Fouts, Lewis L. Dalrymple, Chas. W. Patten, Wm. 
W. Willis, David Jacobs, William Smith, Daniel R. Williams, Truman 
Trion, Charles B. Swasey, Samuel Conrad, John Killiam, Gabriel N. 
Taylor, Ephraim Meckam, Samuel Wood, Isaac Paschal, John L. Hun- 
saker, Wm. Eaton, Nathaniel Lacroe, Charles Hunt, Abram Day, Isaac 
Harrison, Samuel M. Hough, D. U. H. Spinning, Russell P. Baldwin, 
Emanuel Hickcock. 

"Fellow Crafts. John Spain, Abel Mott. 

"Entered Apprentices. James Letnmon, Samuel Brierly, Wm. R. 
Smith." 

ST. JOHN'S LODGE, NO. 13. 

The following brethren received the Master's degree in this Lodge 
during 1843: W. J. Cox, May 11 : E. M. Moore, June 7: G. W. Gilson, 
Aug. 3. 

14 



210 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

On the 7th of June the Lodge elected officers as follows : Warren 
Brown, W. M.; Herman Whitehead, S. W. ; A. O'Connor, J. W.; E. M. 
Moore, Sec.; Asa Holdridge, Treas. ; Samuel Norton, S. D. ; \V. J. Cox, 
J. D. ; L. Woodward, Tyler. 

On the minutes of July 6 we find the following entry : " The charter 
was received from the Grand Lodge, and by a vote of the Lodge accepted, 
and voted, that the blank for J. W., that became vacant by the decease 
of our lamented brother, M. J. Ross, be filled by Bro. Ambrose O'Connor." 

Nov. 30, the Lodge again held an election. Bro. Brown was re-elected 
W. M. Bro. Norton was promoted from S. D. to S. W. Bro. Holdridge 
from Treas. to J. W. Bro. Whitehead exchanged places with Bro. 
Holdridge, and became Treasurer. Bro. O'Connor was relieved from the 
superintendency of the Craft, and elected to take charge of the records. 
.Bro. G. W. Gilson made his first official appearance as S. D. Bro. Moore 
was relieved of the records, and placed as J. D., while Bro. Woodward 
still held the post of Tyler. 

WARREN LODGE NO. 14. 

The following brethren received the sublime degree of Master Mason 
in this Lodge during the year 1843: Ben. Bruce, Jan. 21 ; William N. 
Dobbins, March 18; J. B. Kelly, March 25: E. J. Nicholson, April 14: 
Woods M. Hamilton, Dec. 9. 

The record of the meeting of the 16th March is surrounded by heavy- 
black lines, and records the fact that on that day the Lodge interred the 
remains of Bro. William Hillborn. March 18, a petition from sundry 
brethren at New Haven, praying for a recommendation to their petition 
for a new Lodge, was " received and placed on file." April 15, " it was 
moved and seconded that the New Haven brethren re-consider their 
petition to this Lodge praying to be recommended to the Grand Lodge.'' 
This we presume was done, as it was a great many years afterwards 
that New Haven Lodge was set to work. May 22 is another mourning 
record ; this time for " Bro. John M. Robinson, who departed this life in 
his 50th year, at Ottaway, in this State, on the 26th day of April, 1843, 
and taken to Carmi, his place of residence, by E. B. Webb." After 
making suitable arrangements, the Lodge called off to meet " at Carmi, 
at the Court House," which was done, and the funeral service properly 
attended to. On the 24th June, officers as follows were elected: E. H. 
Gatewood, W. M.; Edward Bogardus, S. W. ; T. G. S. Herod, J. W. ; 
Alex. Kirkpatrick, Treas. ; M. Y. Johnson, Sec. ; and the following 
appointments made: J. W. Tunnell, S. D. ; J. S. Roberts, J. D. ; J. M. 
Burnett, Tyler. July 22, the records are again in mourning. Bro. John 
Campbell, who died on July 21, at 12 o'clock midnight, was buried with 
the honors of the Fraternity. In order to do this the Lodge proceeded 
to New Haven, where Bro. Campbell resided. August 19, Bro. Warren, 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 211 

the Grand Secretary, was present and presided, a called meeting having 
been convened to do honor to the brother for whom their Lodge was 
named. The Lodge was destined to mourn during 1843, for around the 
records of the meeting of Nov. 3d we find the heavy black lines which 
indicate on the book before us that another had departed "to that un- 
discovered country from whose bourne no traveler returns." This time 
the Lodge was called upon to mourn the departure of Bro. J. D. Hughson. 
The record informs us that Bro. Hughson died on Nov. 1, that he was 
about forty years old, and a native of New York. The body was buried 
with the ritualistic forms and ceremonies. 

St. John's Day (Dec. 27) was duly observed by the Lodge, an oration 
being delivered at the Methodist Church by Bro. lingerer, for which 
oration and the use of the church, thanks were returned, and the oration 
directed to be published in the "Illinois Republican," and "Illinois 
State Gazette." 

There is one matter of record in the proceedings of this Lodge which 
we transfer to this page. It occurs in the minutes of the meeting of 
April 15 : 

"The Lodge was then closed in harmony, in due and ancient form, 
after which several brethren were complimented with the degree of 
Knight of Constantinople, in form and harmony." 

Think of that! ye who have seen the shoemaker, the blacksmith, the 
baker, and the candle-stick maker, to say nothing of the weaver and 
his shuttle. Complimented! We should say so. 

PEORIA LODGE NO. 15. 

The following named brethren received the third degree in this Lodge 
during 1843 : Irwin B. Doolittle, Jan. 28; William B. Doolittle, Feb. 2 ; 
John Adams, Feb. 11; James F. Wilkins and John C. Heyl, Aug. 19; 
Samuel S. Guyer, Nov. 18. 

January 28, the charter was received and accepted. Accompanying 
the charter was a proxy to Bro. William Henderson, "or any other 
Past Master," conferring authority to constitute the Lodge and install 
its officers. Bro. Henderson not being present, Bro. Simeon DeWitt 
Drown was appointed to perform that duty. The Lodge was then con- 
stituted, and Bro. Samuel H. Davis installed as Master; Augustus 0. 
Garrett, as Senior Warden; Andrew M. Hunt, as J. W. ; George Met- 
calfe, Treasurer; William Mitchell, Secretary; Peter Sweat, Senior 
Deacon; Ralph Hamlin, Junior Deacon; and Chester Hamlin, Tyler. 
Bro. Drown, who hailed from Chester Lodge No. 71, Ohio, was elected an 
honorary member. July 8, a committee was appointed to ascertain why 
some of the officers and brethren of the Lodge had not been present for 
several meetings past, and on August 5th the committee reported as 
follows : 



212 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"The committee appointed to call on absenting brethren for the reasons of 
their non-attendance, respectfully report that most of the absenting brethren 
have been called upon, and that various reasons have been assigned for absence 
and irregular attendance. Several of the brethren have excuses, which, to the 
committee, appear satisfactory ; some of them have since attended, or are now 
present and ready to explain in person better than can be done by this commit- 
tee. Your committee, however, would state that several of the absentees have 
assigned as a reason for their non-attendance, the unsatisfactory manner in 
which the work and business of the Lodge have of late been conducted; and 
more than one have stated their unwillingness or reluctance to sit in a Lodge 
unless its proceedings can be conducted in a manner more Masonic, and less 
irksome and unpleasant to the feelings of those who have the love of the Order 
and the good of Masonry at heart. But that part of the business of your com- 
mittee, which is, therefore, particularly interesting to the Lodge, was with our 
Worshipful Master, for to his frequent non-attendance is in a great measure 
attributed the unsatisfactory manner in which the Lodge of late has been con- 
ducted. The reasons for his withdrawal appear to be no other than those stated 
by him to the Lodge at a former communication. They appear to be founded 
on the participation of several of the brethren in some public proceedings in 
relation to an attempted organization of a certain association in the town of 
Peoria, whereby, as he alleges, some of his family and his Gospel minister were 
disrespectfully interfered with and unjustly deprived and hindered of their un- 
doubted rights and privileges. Your committee have endeavored seriously and 
impartially to weigh this matter with the consideration it seems to deserve, and 
in the spirit of conciliation, peace, and harmony being the beauty of our Order; 
and, moreover, that the Lodge may not appear to sanction disturbance and dis- 
order out of its sacred precincts, nor countenance disrespectful or unmasonic 
conduct between its members, beg leave to submit the following preamble and 
resolutions : 

" WHEREAS. On the afternoon of the 13th of February last, a number of persons 
met in the Court House, in this town, to take measures to prevent the public 
organization of an anti-slavery society, appointed to take place in one of the 
churches of the town, on the evening of that day; and, 

" WHEREAS, At the meeting spoken of, several resolutions were adopted, two of 
which were as follows: 

" 'Resolved, That we will oppose the organization of any anti-slavery society in 
the town of Peoria, and that however desirous we may be that this our opposition 
should be confined to reason and argument alone, yet, in case it should become 
necessary, in order to prevent the catastrophe, that force should be used (how 
much soever we may regret the necessity), we shall feel ourselves bound to resort 
thereto, when all others have proved unsuccessful. 

"'Resolced, That the citizens of Peoria will attend en masse at the Main Street 
Presbyterian Church, this evening, and aid the committee to enforce the resolu- 
tions of this meeting.' 

"AND, WHEREAS, Two members of this Lodge were appointed on the committee 
to present said resolutions at the anti-siavery meeting, which duty they per- 
formed; and, 

' WHEREAS, Said meeting in the church was thus interrupted and prevented, 
by the threats of physical force contained in the resolutions, from carrying into 
effect the object for which it had met; and, 

" WHEREAS, Five or six other members of this Lodge were at the said meeting, 
some of them countenancing the scenes of disorder which were there acted; 
therefore, 

"Resolved, That without expressing any opinion on the subject of slavery or 
anti-slavery, we admit, in its full sense, the constitutional right of the people 



HISTOEY OF MASON11Y IN ILLINOIS. 213 

peaceably to assemble for any purpose not forbidden by the laws of the land, 
and that the interference of the members of this Lodge at the anti-slavery meet- 
ing alluded to, was incompatible with their duty as friends of the \F\V- good 
citizens, and as Masons." 

June 24, a recommendation was granted to the petition of certain 
brethren, residing in and near Pekin, for a new Lodge. September 23, 
a like recommendation was granted certain brethren at Farmington, 
Fulton county, and on October 7th, to certain brethren in and near 
Henderson, in Knox county. The names of the petitioners are not gi^en. 

On the 31st of July, Bro. George Farrell was buried with the usual 
forms and ceremonies. On December 27, officers as follows were elected : 
Samuel H. Davis, W. M.j Augustus 0. Garrett, S. W.; Geo. T. Metcalfe, 
J. W.; William E. Mason, Treas.; Simeon D. W. Drown, Sec.; Chester 
Hamlin, Tyler. At this meeting a resolution was introduced providing 
for the celebration of St. John's Day, on the 24th of June next, wbich 
was laid over until the regular meeting in January. The brethren were 
certainly taking time by the forelock. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE NO. 16. 

Five brethren received the Master's degree in this Lodge this year, 
viz.: William Black, February 22; G". C. Wood and M. Scott, May 15; 
J. T, B. Stapp, June 16 ; G. G. Guthrie, June 22. 

February 13, a brother of the Lodge presented charges and specifica-. 
tions against the Worshipful Master. Bro. William Hodge having taken, 
the East, the charges (which did not amount to much) were received and 
referred to a committee, and on the 21st of February the committee re- 
ported that they had heard the evidence, but asked until the next 
regular meeting to make out their report, which was granted. It was 
resolved that the Lodge would on the next day accept the invitation of 
the Washingtonian Temperance Society, which was accordingly done, 
and as the record of February 22d informs us, " the day was spent pleas- 
antly and satisfactorily to all." On March 13, the committee to whom 
was referred the charges against the W. M., reported, the Master first 
placing Bro. D. B. Hodge in the chair. The report covers four, and 
nearly a half of the fifth, closely written pages of an ordinary sized 
record book. There were four resolutions reported, the first of which 
went on to recite that the brother was guilty of unmasonic conduct, 
although without intention. The second required him to acknowledge 
his error in open Lodge; the third provided that he should be "ad- 
monished" by some brother selected by the Lodge, and in case of refusal 
to submit to the penalty, he should stand suspended during the pleasure 
of the Lodge; and finally, not content with finding the defendant guilty, 
and sentencing him to be "admonished," they inllict the same penalty 
upon the plaintiff for the "impropriety of his conduct in the Lodge at 
the time he laid his grievance before that body." The W. M. having 



214 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

acquiesced in the decision of the Lodge, Bro. William Hodge was selected 
to "admonish" him, which duty was performed, the W. M. having first 
acknowledged his error. The plaintiff " failed to come to time." 

This case has been cited because we having relied upon the superior 
wisdom of those above us have been led to believe that a " W. M. can 
not be tried by his Lodge;" but here is an instance where the Lodge 
could and did try their Master. Everything was done in order and 
decorum; nevertheless, we believe there are very few Lodges in these 
da; ^ that would attempt to try their Master, and Temperance Lodge 
would probably be the last to try the experiment over again. 

On the 5th of June, Bro. Warren visited the Lodge, and lectured the 
brethren. 

June 12, the semi-annual election was held. Bro. Eemann was re- 
elected W. M. ; D. B. Hodge was taken from the South-east corner and 
placed in the West; J. E. Hall was continued as the pillar of Beauty; 
Abner Johnson was selected to take charge of the Treasury ; and Wm. 
Black to keep the records and archives ; Bro. Q. C. Alexander was 
selected to sit between the W. M. and the Treasurer; while J. M. Scott 
became the medium of communication with the outer world; and, as 
usual, Bro. Moses Phillips was selected to sit outside and guard the 
entrance, and at the same time expected to know more about the Lodge 
and its workings than any other brother. 

June 16, the committee on celebration of St. John's Day reported that 
they had made arrangements with Brother Thomas Bayse to furnish 
dinner for one hundred persons for forty dollars, which amount they had 
pledged themselves to raise; that they had " procured an orator in the 
person of W. B. Herrick, of Moriah Lodge ;" that the Lodge of I. 0. 0. F., 
of Greenville, desired to celebrate with them, and to have an oration 
from one of their number, which was acceded to. They further reported 
that they had invited the neighboring Lodges, and had prepared a " pro- 
gramme of exercises." 

June 24, the Lodge assembled, there being quite a number of visitors, 
among whom were Breth. Warren and J. R. Gorin, both future Grand 
Masters, although the probability is that neither one of them thought so 
at the time. The Lodge formed in procession under the marshaling of 
Bro. Alexander, and "left the hall preceded by a band of music." At 
Galiatin Street the procession was joined by Clark Lodge I. 0. 0. F., and 
at the residence of " Col. Black," by " a large number of ladies." The 
procession proceeded to the M. E. Church, where J. M. Davis delivered 
an address on behalf of the Odd Fellows. Bro. Warren then installed 
the officers of the Lodge, when another address was delivered by Bro. 
Herrick. June 10, a committee appointed at a previous meeting to 
procure a hall, reported that they "had procured from the Trustees of 
the tovvn of Vandalia, the perpetual lease of the old Representatives Hall, 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 215 

rent free." October 11, the Lodge buried the remains of Bro. Erastus 
Todd, " late of Oswego Lodge No. 232, New York." Nov. 13, sundry 
brethren at Greenville were recommended to the Grand Master for a 
dispensation for a new Lodge. 

December 13, the following election was had : J. T. B. Stapp> W. M.; 
Q. C. Alexander, S. W.; C. II. Hodge, J. W.; G. C. Wood, Treas.; W. M. 
Black, Sec.; Moses Philips, Tyler. H. C. Remann was appointed S. D.; 
James M. Scott, J. D. This election entirely revolutionized the Lodge 
neither the Master or Wardens had ever held either of the offices to 
which they were elected. We notice that in the earlier days very little 
attention was paid to the law requiring the Master elect to serve as 
a Warden previous to his election. Dec. 27, the officers were installed. 

MACOMB LODGE NO. 17. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted January 30th, 1843, by 
Grand Master Helm, to Charles Hays, Rezin Naylor, Jas. Chandler, Jr., 
John Anderson, Thomas T. Smithers, Alex. Simpson, 0. M. Hoagland, 
" and several other brethren." We are not informed as to the Lodge that 
recommended the petitioners, but presume it was Rushville. 

The record of the first meeting reads as follows : 

'MACOMB, ILL., Feb. 24, A. L. 5843, A. D. 1813. 

" The following named Past Master Masons, viz.: Charles Hays, 
Rezin Naylor, James Chandler, Jr., John Anderson, Thomas T. Smithers, 
Alexander Simpson, 0. M. Hoagland, and others, having received a dis- 
pensation from the M. W. Grand Master of the State of Illinois, to form 
a Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the town of Macomb, county of 
McDonough, and State of Illinois, congregated together on the date 
as above written, viz.: 

"Present: W. Levi Lusk, S. G. W., W. M., p. t.; Charles Hays, 
S. W., p. t.: James Chandler, Jr., J. Vf.,p. t.; Joseph M. Walker, Treas., 
p. t.; John Anderson, Sec., p. t.; Rezin Naylor, S. D ,p. t.; Thos. Smithers, 
J. T>.,p. t.; Geo. H. Rice, S. and Tyler, p. t.; Master Mason, Thos. A. 
Brooking ; and proceeded to open a Lodge in the third degree of Masonry, 
according to ancient form. 

" Whereupon, the aforesaid dispensation is ordered to be recorded, and 
is in the words and figures folllowing, to wit: 

(The dispensation, which was of the usual form, is omitted.) 

"And, thereupon, all but Past Master Masons having retired, Rezin 
Naylor was presented, and duly installed Master of the Macomb Lodge, 
under dispensation, and received the degree of Past Master. Bro. Chas. 
Hays was then introduced and installed Senior Warden, and Bro. James 
Chandler, Jr., was also introduced and installed Junior Warden. No 
further business appearing, the Master Mason's Lodge was closed in due 
form, and the Lodge of Entered Apprentices was opened according to 



216 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

ancient form. Same officers as before. Bro. Hays then reported the 
the following code of by-laws for the government of the Lodge, which 
are as follows : 

(They being much the same as now, are here omitted. The names 
signed to the by-laws are the same as in the dispensation, with the ad- 
dition of Joseph G. Walker, Thomas A. Brooking, and Preston Eyre.) 

" The petition of Cyrus A. Lawson was then received, and in pursuance 
of a dispensation of the the M. W. Grand Master, which is in the words 
and figures, to-wit : 

"WHEREAS, the brethren of Macomb Lodge desire to avail themselves of the 
skill and experience of Bro. L. Lusk, appointed to install the officers of said 
Lodge, by witnessing his mode of work, now therefore I, M. Helm, by virtue of 
the authority vested in me as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the State of 
Illinois, do hereby grant this my dispensation, authorizing the said Macomb 
Lodge at the first meeting thereof, to initiate, pass and raise one candidate (the 
usual rule requiring petitions to lie over one month for consideration, for one 
lunar month) being for that occasion and in that one instance only, dispensed 
with, provided, the candidate so to be initiated, shall be well known as a man of 
unexceptionable moral character, and provided every member of said Lodge 
has due notice of the time, place and object of said meeting, and provided also, 
as in all other cases, the ballot shall be unanimously in favor of said candidate. 

."Given at Springfield, Illinois, under my hand and private seal, this 23th day 
of January, A. D. 1813. 

"MEREDITH HELM, G. M. G. L. 7." 

SEAL. 

" Whereupon, on motion, the Lodge proceeded to ballot upon the peti- 
tion of Cyrus A. Lawson, which was found unanimously in his favor. On 
motion, Cyrus A. Lawson was introduced and initiated an Entered Ap- 
prentice Mason, according to ancient form, and received a lecture and 
charge from the Worshipful Master. The Lodge was then called from 
labor until to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock." 

The brethren who received the degree of Master Mason in this Lodge 
are as follows : Cyrus A. Lawson, Feb. 25; Henry L. Bryant, William 
Ervin, J. E. Wyne, April 14; William T. Head, September 2 ; Pinckney 
H. Walker, December 26; N. Montgomery, December 27. April 14, 
George H. Rice, late of Xenia Lodge No. 49, Ohio, Thomas A. Brook- 
ing, of Mansfield Lodge No. 66, Kentucky, Charles M. Bartleson, Lodge 
No. 3, Philadelphia, Pa., and Alfred Loomis, Whitestown Lodge No. , 
New York, were admitted as members. The following "subordinate offi- 
cers" were elected : Henry L. Bryant, Secretary : Charles M. Bartleson, 
Treasurer; John Anderson, Steward; George H. Rice, Tyler; and Breth. 
Wyne and Ervin were appointed Deacons. 

On September 2d, the Lodge decided to apply to the Grand Lodge for 

a charter, and named Bro. James Chandler, Jr., as W. M.; Joseph E. 

y lie as S. W., and William Ervin as J. W. On the 7th October, the 



HISTOEY OF MASONKY IX ILLINOIS. 217 

charter granted by the Grand Lodge was read and accepted, whereupon 
the Lodge proceeded to install the officers named in the charter. As 
at the next meeting the old officers appeared in their places, we are in- 
clined to believe that the officers named in the resolution of the Lodge 
were not named in the charter. December 2, another election was had, 
which resulted as follows : James Chandler, Jr., W. M.; Joseph E. 
Wyne, S. W.; William T. Head, J. W.; Charles M. Bartleson, Treasurer; 
Henry L. Bryant, Secretary ; Alfred Loomis and Cyrus A. Lawson, Dea- 
cons ; George H. Rice, Steward and Tyler. 

LAFAYETTE LODGE NO. 18. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted in 1842, but for some 
reason the Lodge did not meet until the 13th day of January, 1843. The 
petition for dispensation was recommended by Juliet Lodge No. 10 ; but 
who the petitioners were is to us unknown, or at least the majority of 
them. 

The record of the first meeting reads as follows : 

" CHICAGO, ILL., June 13, A. D. 1843, A. L. 5843. 

"LaFayette Lodge, U. D., met agreeable to agreement, for the purpose 
of organizing the same, by the installation of officers. Present, the 
Worshipful N. Hawley, Master of Juliet Lodge No. 10, and the W. 
Samuel H. Gilbert, Master of the Lodge; T. W. Smith, Senior Warden; 
Carding Jackson, Junior Warden; L. C. Kercheval, Sec., p. t.; Isaac 
Haight, Treas., p. t., John Davis, S. D.,p. t.; Joseph Fischbene, J. D.; 
F. A. Howe, Tyler, and Breth. J. H. Sullivan and William Harman, 
Master Masons, and the Lodge was opened in the 3d degree of Masonry. 
The Worshipful Master of Juliet Lodge proceeded to the installation of 
officers of this Lodge, and delivered the charge to the W. M. and other 
officers, and then declared the Lodge duly organized. And on motion 
and second, Bros. Smith, Howe, and Kercheval were appointed a com- 
mittee to prepare by-laws and rules for the government of this Lodge. 

There being no further business, the Lodge was called from labor to 
refreshment until half-past 7 o'clock, to-morrow." 

The raisings reported by this Lodge are as follows : P. T. McMahan, 

; W. H. Davis, Oct. 16; John Blackstone, Oct. 23 ; George B. Fear- 
ing, Xov. 6; Joseph Filkins and Samuel McKay, Nov. 27 ; H. Hatch, 
Dec. 4; J. R. Malony and Florence Mahoney, Dec. 22. The names 
signed to the by-laws previous to the raising of Bro. McMahan, were 
S. H. Gilbert, Carding Jackson, II. W. Bigelow, Samuel J. Lowe, L. C. 
Kercheval, John Davis, J. Fischbene, F. A. Howe, Barnabas Hinton, 
William Harman, John Ferns. Oct. 16, John Ferns was elected Tyler 
until the next regular communication. Dec. 18, the following officers 
were elected : Carding Jackson, W. M.; II. W. Bigelow, S. W.; Mathias 
Taylor, J. W.; Samuel J. Lowe, Treas.; L. C. Kercheval, Sec.; John 



218 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Davis, S. D.; Joseph Fishbone, J. D.; F. A. Howe and " Barney Horton," 
Stewards; John Ferns, Tyler. 

The visitors to this Lodge were numerous, and among them we notice 
the following : Mathias Taylor, of Essex Lodge No. 48, New Jersey ; R. 

L. Baker, St. Joseph's, Michigan ; Sampson, Ancient Lodge, and 

George K. Cooley, Moriah Lodge, both of New York ; Joseph A. Atkin- 
son, St. Stephens, Edinburg ; E. "Whetherby and E. W. Herrick, Juliet 
No. 10 ; John R. Case, Apollo Lodge, Troy, N. Y.; Augustus 0. Garrett, 
Peoria No. 15 ; M. Mcllvaine, St. John's No. 9, N. Y., and W. F. Walker, 
Apollo Lodge, N. Y., nearly all of whom subsequently became members 
of the Lodge. 

HANCOCK LODGE NO. 20. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted by W. M. Bro. Helm, but 
at what time we do not know. We are unable to extend any informa- 
tion concerning this Lodge, other than its returns, from the fact that its 
early records were destroyed by fire. The first return of this Lodge was 
made to the Grand Lodge in 1843, at which time it was chartered. 

This return we here give : 

"RETURN OF HANCOCK LODGE No. 20. CARTHAGE. 

"Lewis Evans, W. M.; Benj. A. Gallop, S. W.; Benjamin Avise, J. W.; 
Chancey Robinson, Sec.; Samuel Comer, Treas.; E. S. Freeman, S. D.; 
William Darnall, J. D.; Wm. G. Yetter, Tyler. 

"MASTER MASONS. David Baldwin, J. Berry, Daniel Prentis, E. B. 
Baldwin, F. J. Bartlett, Ellis Hughes, George Buckraan, Thomas Ben- 
nett." 

The Lodge was chartered at the communication of the Grand Lodge 
in 1842. The hall of this Lodge was destroyed by fire in 1856, in which 
fire all the books, papers, and matters of record were consumed. 

WARSAW LODGE NO. 21. 

The first meeting of this Lodge was held January 9, 1843, under a 
dispensation granted by Meredith Helm, Grand Master, at Warsaw, 
Hancock county. The following brethren were present: A. J. Chitten- 
den, W. M.; John Montague, S. W.; James Moss, J. W.; Mark Aldrich, 
Sec.; M. Plumb, S. D.; L. B. Adams, J. D.; German Andrews, Tyler. 

The Lodge being opened on the third degree, was "duly constituted" 
and the officers installed, the following brethren officiating as grand 
officers : Louis Ervin, D. G. M., p. L: L. N. Scovill, S. G. W., p. t.; D. S. 
Hollister, J. G. W.,p. t.; S. Comer, G. Treas. ,p. t.: C. Robinson, G. Sec., 
p. t.; B. L. Gallup, S. G. ~D.,p. t.; W. Folshaw, J. G. D.,p. t.; E. H. Spin- 
ning, G. S. E.,p. t.; J. A. Forgis, G. M.,p. t.; E. B. Baldwin, G. T.,p. t. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 219 

The following additional brethren were present : L. B. Stoddard, J. 
W. Collidge, J. B. Nobles, and Benjamin Avise. Of these, all except 
Ervin and Avise were members of the Mormon Lodges at Nauvoo. 

The petitions of Joseph Wilkinson and H. G. Keynolds were received, 
referred, and by authority of a dispensation from Grand Master Helm, 
acted on instanter, and the petitioners elected. January 10. Joseph 
Wilkinson and H. G. Reynolds were initiated, passed and raised, Past 
Grand Master Jonathan Nye presiding. 

The additional raisings during the year 1843, were as follows: II. G. 
Stephens, Jan. 27 ; William A. Bacon, Aug. 21 ; C. E. Dodge and J. Coch- 
ran, Nov. 7; E. E. Hill and William A. Baker, Nov. 20. 

January 27, on motion of H. G. Reynolds, the Grand Lodge was re- 
quested to appoint Bro. Nye as a delegate to the Baltimore convention. 
July 4, the Lodge " formed a procession and marched to the bower pre- 
pared for the occasion, where Bro II. Stevens delivered an oration suit- 
able to the occasion, after which the brethren partook of a sumptuous 
repast prepared by the citizens." Sept. 1st, the Lodge buried with the 
usual honors, Brio. Joseph Wilkinson, the first brother upon whom the 
Lodge conferred the Master's degree. Oct. 12, the following officers were 
elected: A. J. Chittenden, W. M.; John Montague, S. W.; James Moss, 
J. W.; L. B. Mitchell, Treas.; H. Stevens, Sec.; L. B. Adams, S. D.; Wil- 
liam Bacon, J. D.; B. F. Marsh and M. Aldrich, Stewards; German 
Andrews, Tyler. 

Nov. 20, Breth. Wm. A. Baker, William Bacon and R. E. Hill were 
demitted in order to assist in the formation of a new Lodge at Alex- 
andria, Clark county, Missouri. 

MILWAUKEE LODGE NO. 22. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted during the year 1842, by 
Grand Master Helm, and made its first return to the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois, at the communication of 1843, We are unable to present any 
further information regarding this Lodge than its returns from year to 
year. 

The first return is as follows: 

" RETURN OF MILWAUKEE LODGE No. 22. MILWAUKEE. 

"Lemuel B. Hull, W. M.; Abram B. Smith, S. W.; David Merrill, J. 
W.; W. W. Kellogg, Treas.; Charles S. Hurley, Sec.; D. F. Lawton, S. D.; 
T. Wainwright, J. D.; W. Farnsworth and Owen Aldrich, Stewards. 

" MASTER MASONS. James Sanderson, William M. Card, Henry C. 
West, John Waters, William C. Wartons, David Kerser, Alanson Sweet, 
Isaac C. Loomis. 

" ENTERED APPRENTICES. Edward Staals, Edward Wrisner. 



220 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 



CASS LODGE NO. 23. 

This Lodge was instituted under a dispensation granted by Grand 
Master Helm, in the year 1842, made its first returns to the Grand Lodge 
of 1842, at which time it was granted a charter as No. 11, but owing to cer- 
tain irregularities the vote was reconsidered and the dispensation con- 
tinued. In 1843 the Lodge was chartered as No. 23. The number 11 
has never been filled, but has remained vacant from that day to this. 

Since the remarks concerning Cass Lodge, under the head of 1842, were 
written, we have been placed in possession of the records of the Lodge 
from its organization. The first meeting was held January 1st, 1842, 
when the following brethren were present: P. Underwood, A. Bonney, 
E. Rew, A. Dutch, A. Lyons. In addition to these were Breth. Alex- 
ander Dunlap, D. G. M., who presided ; Wm. B. Warren, G. Sec., who 
acted as Senior Warden, and Bro. Robinson, of Harmony Lodge. 

The officers were duly installed as follows : P. Underwood, W. M.; A. 
Bonney, S. W.; E. Rew, J. W., and the Lodge set to work. The raisings 
during 1842 were as follows: C. S. VanAlstine, March 26; Thomas 
Eyre, April 23; James Logan and N. B. Thompson, June 18; John 
Daley, Aug. 20. 

In the record of June 18, we find the following entry : 

" Oil motion of Bro. A. Bonne3 T , 

"Resolved, That the brethren of this Lodge each wear a badge of mourning in 
memory of our deceased Bro. Ephraim Rew, for three months." 

This is the only allusion to the death of this brother. 

Sept. 18th was the last meeting held in 1842. The Lodge did not 
again meet until May 13th, 1843. But one raising was reported in 1843, 
viz.: W. J. DeHaven, Sept. 2d. On the 20th November, 1843, the Lodge 
was duly constituted as Cass Lodge No. 23, by Alexander Dunlap, Grand 
Master. 

PEKIN LODGE, U. D., 

Made the following return, at this session of the Grand Lodge : Leon- 
ard Knott, W. M.; Daniel Fancy, S. W.; Samuel P. Baily, J. W.; Wm. 
B. Doolittle, Treas.; I. B. Doolittle, Sec.; E. S. Marks, S. D.; F. Fitch, J. 
D.; Francis Johnson, Tyler. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 221 

UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE GRAND 
LODGE OF MISSOURI. 



CLINTON LODGE, AT CARLYLE. 

Raisings reported : J. C. Mooe, April 8th ; VanTramp Turner, August 
5th. Jan. 9th, the Lodge met, but was not opened, owing to its "being 
a very cold night, and no fire conveniences." 

At the meeting of February 13th, Bro. Hervey, who had absented him- 
self from several of the meetings of the Lodge, moved "that the 3d section 
of the 15th article be put in force against himself, without excuse from 
beginning, in consequence of his own neglect. Adopted, nem con." 
Whereupon Bro. H. presented a bill to the Lodge for $3.50, which was 
allowed, and the amount credited to his account. It is possible that Bro. 
H. thought the Lodge would fine him for absence, and he having a bill 
against the Lodge, which had just before refused to allow a number of 
bills for want of authority on the part of the persons who contracted the 
debts, was in all probability fearful his bill would share a like fate, and 
accordingly presented it as a "set off" against his fines. 

May 6th, the following officers were elected : Joshua T. Bradley, W. 
M.; Henry Scott, 8. W.; Joseph C. Moore, J. W.; 0. IT. P. Maxey, Treas.; 
Christopher N. Halstead, Sec ; Wingate H. Maddux, Tyler. The follow- 
ing were appointed : William Wilcox, and William Morton, Deacons. 

It appears from the following entry in the records of October 7th, that 
Bro. Bradley was District Deputy Grand Master for the Missouri Lodges 
in Illinois : 

" Ordered, That the Secretary draw his order on the Treasury for the sum of 
eighteen dollars, in favor of J. T. Bradley, Dist. Dep. Gr'd Master, for dues from 
this Lodge to the Grand Lodge of Missouri." 

FRANKLIN LODGE, AT UPPER ALTON. 

Raisings reported: Caleb K. Burgoyne, and Isham Hardy, March 
llth ; Elias Hibbard, April 15th ; George Lebold, July 8th. 

June 3d, we find the following record: "Lodge met pursuant to 
special call. Opened on 8d degree. Called off to attend the funeral of 
Bro. J. C. Bruner. Lodge called on and passed resolutions appropriate to 
the mournful occasion." 

Oct. 7th, the following resolutions were passed : 

" 1st. Resolved, That our delegation to the grand annual communication of the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, to be holden on the second Monday in October next, 
are hereby instructed to apply to said Grand Lodge for permission for this Lodge 
to report to, and join the Grand Lodge of Illinois at its grand annual communi- 
cation in A. L.58il. 



222 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"2d. Resolved, That we feel grateful to the officers and members of the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri for the many aots of kindness which they have conferred up- 
on us, and that we tender them our fraternal acknowledgements for the same." 

FAR WEST LODGE, AT GALENA. 

This Lodge did but little work during the year, and that in the first 
degree only. The only act of importance was the recommendation, on 
the 14th of January, of a petition to the Grand Lodge of Missouri of 
certain brethren at Platteville, Wisconsin Territory, for a Lodge at that 
place. 

HILLSBORO LODGE, AT HILLSBORO. 

Raising reported, Nathaniel Maddux, February 6th. 

At the meeting of February 9th, the following entry was made: 

" Notice was given that at our next regular meeting there would be a 
resolution offered to demit from the Grand Lodge of Missouri." 

March 16, the following record appears : 

"The last proceedings read and appoved. A debate sprang up in 
reference to the resolution to demit from tbe Grand Lodge. After which, 
it was 

"Resolved, That with the consent of the Grand Lodge of Misouri, and the grant 
of our petition, we will demit from her, and attach ourselves to the Grand Lodge 
of Illinois." 

August 3d, we find the following: 

" Notice was given that there would be a resolution offered at the next 
regular meeting to remain under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of 
Missouri." 

And on September 16th, the following was adopted : 

"Resolved, That it is not the wish of this Lodge to demit from the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri, but that with her consent, we will remain under her jurisdiction." 

The visit of Bro. Bradley, D. D. G. M., Grand Lodge of Missouri, just 
about this time, may account for this action. 

ST. GLAIR LODGE, AT BELLEVILLE. 
February 21, the following resolution was passed: 

"Resolved, That no brother Mason ought to sue another brother in a court of 
law." 

September 19, the following preamble and resolution were adopted : 

" WHEREAS, St. Clair Lodge No. 60 is located within the limits of the State of 
Illinois, and the Grand Lodge to which she owes her jurisdiction is situated in 
another State; and, 

" WHEREAS, Every interest and inducement, as well as fraternal feeling, prompts 
this Lodge to withdraw from the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, 
and become subject to the Grand Lodge of our own State; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That St. Clair Lodge No. 60 respectfully intimate to the Grand Lodge 
of Missouri their wish to withdraw from her jurisdiction, for the purpose of 
becoming subject to the Grand Lodge of Illinois." 

This preamble and resolution were presented by Bro. C. G. Y. Taylor. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 223 

The returns of this Lodge have the seal of the Lodge attached, which 
is the only Lodge that we have yet observed which placed their seal 
upon their returns. 

December 26, the "W. M. presented a " new charter from the M. W. 
Grand Lodge of Illinois, giving the Lodge authority to work under the 
name and style of St. Clair Lodge No. 24, which was read." 

The Lodge then proceeded to the election of officers, which resulted as 
follows : " P. W. Handle, W. M.; Alex. Reany, S. W.} Seth Catlin, J. W.; 
G. W. Hook, S. D.; W. G. Goforth, J. D.; C. G. Y. Taylor, Sec.; L. D. 
Turner, Treas ; C. H. Kettler, Marshal ; D. Wilver, Tyler. The officers 
were then installed, and the Lodge constituted. 

MARIOX LODGE, AT SALEM. 

Raisings reported, Ira Potter and M. Pendenski, Jan. 25; Amaziah 
Pilcher, July 10; J. W. McMurty, Sept. 11. 

February 6, the following officers were elected : John A. Goudy, W. M.: 
W. H. H. Barnes, S. W.; A. H. Barnes, J. W.; A. K. King, Treas.; H. S. 
Mills, Sec.; M. W. Hall, S. D.; H. P. Boyakin, J. D.; James Cooper, 
Steward ; Justice R. Ryman, Tyler. 

August 14, Bro. Bradley Dist. Dep. Grand Master, presided. The 
semi-annual election was held. The gavel was placed in the hands 
of Bro. H. P. Boyaken. Bro. A. H. Barnes was commanded to "look 
well to the West," and Bro. M. W. Hall received a like command as 
regarded the South. The keys were intrusted to Bro. W. H. H. Barnes, 
while Bro. H. S. Mills was condemned to another six months of "caco- 
thes scribendi." Justice R. Ryman was placed between the Master and 
Treasurer, and Ira Potter placed at the elbow of the " Pillar of Strength." 
J. Cooper was placed outside the door, and A. K. King appointed to con- 
duct the devotional exercises of the Lodge. 

In the record of November 11, we find the following: 

" Breth. King, W. H. H. Barnes, and Hall, were appointed a committee 
to inquire into and report to this Lodge on the expediency of this Lodge 
demitting from the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and joining the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois." 

December 11, the committee to whom was referred the question of 
severing the connection of the Lodge with the Grand Lodge of Missouri, 
asked and obtained further time to report. 

In regard to the Lodges at Ottawa and Kaskaskia, we have no infor- 
mation whatever. 



CHAPTER XVII, 



1844. 



GRAND LODGE. 

The fourth grand annual communication of the Grand Lodge was held 
at Jacksonville, commencing October 7th, A. D. 1844. 

Present : M. W. ALEXANDER DUNLAP, G. M., 
R. W. LEVI LUSK, D. G. M., 

W. CARDING JACKSON, G. S. W., pro tern., 
PETER SWEAT, G. J. W., pro tern., 
WM. B. WARREN, G. Secretary, 
PHILIP COFFMAN, G. Treasurer, 
CHAS. HOWARD, G. 8. D., pro tern., 
N. D. MORSE, G. J. D., pro tern., 
A. V. PUTNAM, G. Pursuivant, 
GEO. HACKETT, G. Tyler. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

No. 3. A. Dunlap. 

No. 8. Chas. H. Pringle. 

No. 9. L. Lusk. 

No. 15. P. Sweat. 

No. 18. Carding Jackson. 

No. 24. Geo. Kelly, W. G. Goforth, E. H. Talbot. 

No. 25. Chas. Howard, David Allen, N. D. Morse. 

The Grand Lodge was then opened in ample form, and with prayer by 
the M. W. Grand Master. 

The M. W. Grand Master then announced that since the last annual 
communication he had granted dispensations: 

"1st. To Bros. J. W. Edmondson, as Master; Benj. Hibbard, as Sr. 
"Warden; and Jno. Miles as Jr. Warden, to hold a Lodge at Monmouth, 
Warren county. 

"2d. To Bros. N. D. Morse, Master; Jno. A. Wiley, Sr. Warden; 
E. King, Jr. Warden, to hold a Lodge in Henderson, Knox county. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. i>25 

"3d. Bros. Jacob Hardman, Master; Jonathan Miner, Sr. Warden: 
8 amuel L. Baily, Jr. Warden, to hold a Lodge in Greenville, Bond county. 

" 4th. Alex. H. Barnes, Master ; W. II. Burnet, Senior Warden ; 
Noah Johnson, Junior Warden, to hold a Lodge in Mount Vernon, 
Jefferson county. 

"5th. Aaron Kinney, Master: Samuel Gould, Senior Warden; and 
Harvey Smith, Junior W T arden, to hold a Lodge in the town of Farm- 
ington. 

"6th. David Allen, Master: Timothy Souther, Senior Warden; and 
Sam. S. Bailey, Junior Warden, to hold a Lodge in the city of Alton. 

"7th. W. H. Gayle, Master: Emery P. Eodgers, Senior Warden: 
Jno. A. Frank, Junior Warden, to hold a Lodge in Waterloo, Monroe^ 
county." 

The Grand Lodge was then adjourned until 2 o'clock P. M. 

At 2 o'clock the Grand Lodge was called to labor. The following 
additional representatives were present : No. 17, C. M. Bartleson; No. 
19, John McNeal : No. 20, John Montague. 

The Grand Master announced the following committees : 

Returns and Work. Bros. Jackson, Sweat, and Howard. 

Petitions and Grievances. Pringle, Bartleson, and Kelly. 

finance and Accounts. Morse, Allen, and McNeal. 

Foreign Correspondence. Warren, Lusk, and Montague. 

To Examine Visiting Brethren. Goforth, Coffman, and Pringle. 

The Grand Lecturer reported as follows : 

" The G. Lecturer bogs leave to report that in obedience to a resolution adopted 
at the last grand annual communication, he proceeded to St. Louis, where he 
found Bros. Carnegy and Foster, delegates from the Grand Lodge of Missouri 
to the National Convention at Baltimore, and from them he obtained the lectures 
as adopted by said Convention, and is now ready to report at any time to suit 
the convenience of the Grand Lodge. L. LUSK, G. L. 

" October 7th, 1844." 

The Grand Lodge having been requested to exemplify the work before 
Harmony Lodge, acceded to the request. 

On motion of Bro. Lusk, "a committee was appointed to inquire into 
the expediency of having a public procession on to-morrow, and to 
report to-morrow morning." 

" The committee appointed at the last annual communication to inquire 
into the amount of funds belonging to the Grand Charity Fund, offered 
the following report, which was received : 

"GRAND LODGE OF ILLINOIS, 

If il. In account with the Grand Charity Fund. 

Oct. Received of No. 1 $7 50 

Received of No. 3 6 50 

Received of No. 4 9 75 

1 * 

1 <J 



226 HISTOKT OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

1842. 

Received of No. 6 $4 25 

Oct. 5. Received of No. 1 6 25 

Received of No. 4 11 00 

Received of No. 3 3 50 

Received of No. C 4 00 

Received of No. 8 3 75 

Received of No. 9 7 50 

Received of No. 12 3 75 

Received of No. 23 ....'.. 3 00 

Nauvoo 33 33 

J843 " 30 65 

Warsaw 2 50 

Hancock 3 53 

Macomb 2 50 

Nye 2 50 

l,aFayet.;e 5 25 

Rushville 9 25 

^Springfield 8'25 

Clinton 3 33 

Equality 3 00 

Vandalia '. 4 50 

Peoria 3 33 

$181 6? 
!By cash to Bro. Nye $50 00 

The following petition from Keokuk (Eagle) Lodge was received and 
referred to the Committee on Petitions and Grievances : 

" KEOKDK, September 24, 1844. 
" To the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Illinois : 

"Your petitioners beg leave to state that they had letters of dispensation 
granted to them by our Most Worshipful Grand Master, Meredith Helm, bearing 
date the 28th day of December, A. L. 5842, A. D. 1842, in which dispensation 
Henry King was our first Master; Moses Gray, Senior Warden; and Edward H. 
Spinning, Junior Warden. Said Lodge was installed on the 17th day of January 
following, by Past Grand Master Jonathan Nye; and from the time this Keokuk 
Lodge was installed, to the 26th of September, A. L. 5843, A. D. 1843, there were 
four persons initiated, passed, and raised, two others raised, seven initiated, and 
one initiated and passed, being all the business that we had done up to the 
above date of September 20th. We then made our report to the Grand Lodge, 
and sent our book and work by L. Scovil, of Nauvoo Lodge (our delegate being 
unwell and not able to attend the sitting of the Grand Lodge). Whether said 
Scovil gave us a fair representation or not, we have never known, but presume 
he did not, as he has never given us a fair representation of the proceedings of 
<he Grand Lodge; and we have known nothing, nor heard from the Grand 
Lodge, only by common report. We have written twice to the Grand Secretary, 
und received no answer, and for what reason we know not, but presume that 
he (the G. S.), did not get our communications, otherwise he would have 
answered them. We further state that since we have heard these reports that 
we were suspended, we have ceased to meet and work as a Lodge of Masons, 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 227 

wishing to conform at all times to the long established usages of Masonry. We 
are not aware of any wrong that we have done, and can not make any excuse ; 
but we would say that it is more than probable that we had committed errors, 
as we had not the constitution and by-laws of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, and 
we had to be governed by old Masons instead of the by-laws of the Grand 
Lodge. We would further say, that if we had committed errors, they were of 
the hi ad and not of the heart, and if they had been pointed out to us, we would 
most cheerfully abandoned them. We now ask the Grand Lodge to take our 
case under consideration, and either renew our dispensation or grant us a 
charter, and send some suitable person to this place to set us to work and give 
us the necessary instruction, and we pledge ourselves as Masons to abide the 
same. The reason we can not send a delegate to the Grand Lodge is, that almost 
every Mason in this place is obliged to attend our next court (either as juror?, 
parties, or witnesses), which sets the same week that the Grand Lodge holds its 
session. We also wish, if there has been any charges preferred against us, 
either as men or Masons, that the Grand Lodge will send a committee to this 
place and inquire into our character, either as men or Masons. By so doing you 
will confer a great favor on your petitioners, and as in duty bound, etc. 

" EDWARD H. SPINNING, 
MOSES GRAY, 
JUSTIN MILLANLY, 
DANIEL M. HODGE, 
CHAS. 8. MOORE, 
D. HINE, f 
C. E. JOHNSON." 

Bro. Sweat offered an amendment to the 5th section of the by-laws, 
which was to strike out the words "and rejections of candidates." The 
section provided that rejections, among other matters, should be reported 
to the Grand Secretary. 

The Grand Secretary and Treasurer reported, which reports were 
referred to the Committee on Finance and Accounts. 

The Grand Lodge was then adjourned until 9 o'clock of next morning, 
at which time it was again called on. The following additional repre- 
sentatives were present: No. ], H. S. Cooley ; No. 4, William Lavely ; 
Xo. 7, D. B. McKcnny. 

The Committee on Returns and Work reported as follows : 

"The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges beg leave to report in part, 
that they have examined the returns of Franklin Lodge No. 25, at Upper Alton, 
Illinois, and find said returns correct and dues paid. 

'Return of Maeomb Lodge No. 17, at Maeomb, Illinois, examined and found 
correct, and dues paid. 

" Return of Clinton Lodge No. 19, at Petersburg, Illinois, examined and found 
correct, and dues paid. 

"Return of Rushville Lodge No. 9, at Rushville, Illinois, examined and found 
correct, and dues paid. 

" Return of LaFayette Lodge No. 18, at Chicago, Illinois, examined and found 
correct, and dues paid. 



f Commit 



228 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Return of Peoria Lodge, at Peoria, Illinois, No. 15, for the year ISliJ, exam- 
ined and found correct, and dues paid for that year. 

"Return of Peoria Lodge, at Peoria, Illinois, No. 15, for the year 18-U, exam- 
ined and found correct, and dues paid. 

"They further report, that they have examined the work, return, and by-laws, 
of Hiram Lodge, at Henderson, Illinois, and find them correct, and dues paid, 
which Lodge is working under dispensation, and now prays a charter. 

"They have examined the work, returns, and by-laws of Piasaw Lodge, at 
Alton City, Illinois, U. D., and find their returns correct, dues paid, and charter 
prayed for. 

"They have examined the work, returns, and by-laws of Monroe Lodge, 
U. D., at Waterloo, 111., and find them correct, dues paid, charter prayed for. We 
would advise that said Lodge revise, condense, and adopt a new set of by-laws. 

"Your committee recommend the following resolution: 

"Resolved, That a charter issue to Hiram Lodge, as Hiram Lodge No. 26; that 
a charter issue to Piasaw Lodge, as Piasaw Lodge No. 27; that a charter issue to 
Monroe Lodge, as Monroe Lodge No. 28. 

"CARDING JACKSON,"! 
PETER SWEAT, }- Committee:' 
CHAS. HOWARD, 

The Committee on Petitions and Grievances presented the following 
report, which was adopted : 

" The committee to whom the petition of Eagle Lodge was referred, beg leave 
to report, that they have collected all the information within their reach, touch- 
ing the premises; and would recommend that a committee be appointed to re- 
pair to Keokuk, and examine the subject more fully and if said committee 
should report favorably to the Grand Master, that the dispensation be renewed, 
by said Lodge paying up all dues, and the expenses accruing from said investi- 
gation. 

" GEORGE KELLY, .") 

C. H. PRINGLE, }- Committee." 

CHAS. M. BARTLESON. j 

The committee appointed to inquire into / #nd report as to the expedi- 
ency of a public procession, reported adversely to any public demonstra- 
tion, and offered the following resolution : 

" Resolved, That Bro. Grand Orator, he requested to deliver an address in the 
Grand (Lodge) Hall this evening, at 7 o'clock." 

The resolution was adopted. 

The Grand Lodge then went into an election, resulting as follows : 

M. W. LEV! LUSK, of Rushville, G. M. 

R. W. CARDING JACKSON, of Chicago, D. G. M. 

W. D. ALLEN, of Alton, G. S. W. 

W. N. D. MORSE, of Henderson, G. J. W. 

W. W. B. WARREN, of Jacksonville, G. Sec. 

W. P. COFFMAN, of Jacksonville, G. Treas. 

W. R. E. SMITH, of Quincy, G. O. 
REV. CHAS. HOWARD, of Alton, G. C. 

W. GEO. HACKETT, of Jacksonville, G. T. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 229 

The Grand Lodge was then called oft' until 2 o'clock P. M., when it 
again met and was called to labor. Present: Same officers and mem- 
bers as in the morning. Bro. Lusk, who had been appointed special 
delegate to the Grand Lodge of Missouri, reported as follows: 

"The undersigned, who was at the la.st Grand Annual Communication of this 
Grand Lodge appointed a delegate to the M. \V. G. L. of Missouri, begs leave to 
report, that in obedience to the resolution appointing him, he visited said Grand 
Lodge at its annual convention. He had nothing specially committed to his 
charge to communicate to the Grand Lodge of Missouri, but the courtesies of 
this Grand Lodge. 

" It is with great pleasure that he announces to this M. W. Grand Lodge that 
his reception as your delegate was every way worthy of the M. W. G. Lodge of 
Missouri, and evinced a disposition on the part of that M. W. Grand Lodge to 
cultivate and reciprocate the relations which should ever characterize the mem- 
bers of the Masonic family. 

" L. LUSK." 

The Committee on Returns and Work made the following additional 
report : 

" The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges beg leave further to report 
that they have examined the returns of Harmony Lodge No. 3, and find them 
correct and dues paid. 

" They have examined the returns of Macon Lodge No. 8, and find them cor- 
rect and dues paid. 

"They have examined the returns of Springfield Lodge No. 4, and find them 
correct and dues paid. 

"They have examined the returns of Friendship Lodge No. 7, and find them 
correct and dues paid. 

"They have examined the returns of Hancock Lodge No. 20, and find them 
correct and dues paid. 

"CARDING JACKSON, 
PETER SWEAT, 
CHARLES HOWARD." 

Bro. R. M. Young offered the following : 

" Resolved, That we esteem the 'Masonic College of Missouri,' recently estab- 
lished in Monroe county, Missouri, by the Grand Lodge of that State, an insti- 
tution worthy of our highest regard, aiid claiming our deep interest and solicitude 
for its success. 

A'' .-:ii!cdl, That we recommend the attention of every brother of the Fraterni- 
ty, and of the friends of education generally, to the facility which the institution 
affords for the acquisition of a thorough education. 

"Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed by the Grand Lodge, to 
ascertain whether beneficiaries will be received into the institution from this 
State, and also to recommend what further action, if any, shall be taken by the 
Grand Lodge of this State, for the purpose of advancing the cause of, and facil- 
itating the means of acquiringan education, and that said committee make their 
report to this Grand Lodge at the next annual communication." 

Which, on motion, was adopted, and Bro. Grand Orator, R. M. Young, 
appointed a committee to carry the same into effect. 



230 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Bro. Lavely moved to amend the by-laws, by striking out the word 
"Jacksonville" and inserting the word "Springfield." Which amend- 
ment Bro. Young amended by moving to strike out "Springfield" and 
inserting "Quincy." 

The Grand Secretary offered the following resolution : 

" Resolved, That hereafter no subordinate Lodge will be required to pay Grand 
Lodge dues for any members under the degree of Master Mason, and that alf 
moneys paid during the present communication upon E. A. and Fellow Craft, 
be refunded." 

Which was adopted. 

The Grand Master elect announced the following appointments : 

ADAMS DUNLAP, Rushville, Deputy G. Secretary. 
PETER SWEAT, Peoria, S. G. D. 
CHAS. H. PRINGLE, Deeatur, J. G. D. 
MATTHEW STACY, Jacksonville, G. Marshal. ' 
H. C. RBMANN, Vandalia, G. Steward. 
WILLIAM LAVELY, Springfield, G. S. B. 

In this list of elected and appointed grand officers, were three future 
Grand Masters, viz.: William B. Warren, Nelson D. Morse, and William 
Lavely. The Grand Lodge was then called off until 7 o'clock. 

At 7 o'clock in the evening of Tuesday, the Grand Lodge was called 
to labor. An oration was delivered by Bro. Cooley. 

On motion of Bro. McKenney, the Grand Secretary and Treasurer 
were directed to purchase a set of jewels and collars, not to cost exceed- 
ing $100. 

A vote of thanks was tendered Bro. Cooley for his "eloquent and able 
address," and a copy requested for publication. After granting Bro. 
Lavely leave of absence for the remainder of the session, the Grand 
Lodge called off until Wednesday morning. 

Wednesday morning the Grand Lodge was called to labor the same 
officers and members present as the proceeding day. Bro. Carding Jack- 
son offered the following, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That at the Annual Communication of this Grand Lodge, each 
member thereof appear with his appropriate jewel." 

Bro. Nelson D. Morse moved to amend the by-laws, by striking out 
the word "Jacksonville" and inserting the word " Peoria," which was 
laid over one year. 

Bro. Warren offered a resolution (which was adopted,) providing for 
the appointment, on the first day of each session, of a Committee on 
Lodges U. D. 

The Committee on Returns and Work made an additional report, as 
follows: 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 281 

"The Committee on Returns and Work mad on report, accompanied with two 
resolutions, which on motion were adopted, as follows, 

" The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges beg leave to further report, 
that they have examined the returns of Bodley Lodge No. 1, and rind that in 
several instances several Lodges initiated candidates where their petitions had 
not been twenty days; otherwise they find returns of said Lodge correct, with 
the exception of the want of an account current. 

"They have examined the work of Pekin Lodge, U. D., and find it correct 
and dues paid ; no by-laws presented to your committee ; said Lodge praying a 
charter. 

"Resolved, That your committee recommend that the M. W. Grand Master be 
authorized to grant said Pekin Lodge a charter, whenever said Lodge shall have 
for the same, and send into the M. W. G. Master, a copy of their by-laws, if said 
by-laws are correct. 

"They further report that no returns have been made from the following 
Lodges : Nos. 2, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 21, 22, and 23; Lodges U. D., Monmouth, Farm- 
ington, Mt. Vernon, and Kaskaskia. 

" In closing this Deport, your committee would say that from the returns and 
papers presented from different Lodges, they find them in a prosperous condi- 
tion yet your committee are of the opinion that some Lodges work-too rapidly, 
inasmuch as they initiate a candidate at a regular communication; then the 
Lodge adjourns over for a day or two, then raises the same candidate. 

" Your committee would recommend the following resolution : 

"Retolved, That this Grand Lodge of Illinois would recommend to the Lodge* 
under their jurisdictions to do all their business in a Lodge of Master Masons, ex- 
cept conferring the first and second degrees. They would further recommend 
that all balloting for candidates for initiation be ta'ken at a regular communica- 
tion, and that no ballot for a candidate for initiation be taken at an adjourned 
Lodge, unless it be in case of emergency, which should be so stated. 

"CARDING JACKSON, 
PETER SWEAT, 
CHARLES HOWARD." 

Bro. D. Allen, (S. G. W.) of Alton, moved to amend the by-laws by 
striking out the word "Jacksonville" and inserting "the City of Alton" 
which was laid over one year. 

Communications from the Grand Lodges of Virginia, Mississippi, and 
Pennsylvania were presented by the Grand Secretary, and referred to 
the Committee on Foreign Correspondence. The Grand Secretary waa 
directed to call upon Milwaukee Lodge for its returns and duef. 

On motion of Bro. Goforth, of Belleville, the following was adopted: 

"Resolved, That the Committee on Finance and Accounts, in connection with 
the Grand Secretary, be required to make, a general report of the receipts nnd 
expenditures of this Grand Lodge since, its formation, stating the amount re- 
ceived for dispensation*, charters, and dues, separately and distinctly, and 
from whom received ; also the amount expended, and for what purpose." 

The Grand Lodge was then called from labor until 2 o'clock, at which 
time it was again called on. The grand officers were then installed. 

Bro. Coffmau moved that a delegate be appointed to attend the next 
communication of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, which was lost. The 
dues of Monroe Lodge were remitted. 



232 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

On motion of Bro. Sweat, of Peoria, a vote of thanks was tendered to 
Bro. Dunlap, P. G. M., " for the able, dignified, and courteous manner " 
in which he had discharged his duties as Grand Master. 

The Committeeon Returns and Work reported adversely to the grant- 
ing of the petition contained in certain resolutions of Warsaw Lodge 
^o. 21. This resolution of Warsaw Lodge does not appear in the pro- 
ceedings, neither is there any mention of the same in the records of War- 
saw Lodge consequently we are unable to present them. 

The oration of Bro. Cooley was ordered to be printed with the pro- 
ceedings, and two hundred copies additional for distribution. The 
Grand Master was authorized to grant charters during vacation, to such 
Lodges under dispensation as in his opinion were entitled to the same. 

On motion of Bro. Lusk, the following was adopted : 

"Resolved, By the Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois, that "the rules for the 
organization and establishing a Grand Convention of Ancient, Free, and Ac- 
cepted Masons, as passed by the convention of Masons, at the meeting in May, 
in the year 1843, in the city of Baltimore, composed of eight sections, as the 
same are set forth in the printed proceedings thereof, be and the same are 
hereby adopted by this Grand Lodge." 

The Grand Lodge was then called off until 7 o'clock P. M., at which 
time it again assembled and was called to labor. 
The following was adopted : 

"WHEREAS, The M. W. Grand Lodge of Illinois, at their last communication, 
thought proper to withdraw from Nauvoo, Helm, and Nye Lodges, the dispensa- 
tions which had been granted them, for gross unmasonic conduct ; and whereat 
the M. W. Grand Master did during vacation send a .special messenger to 
Nauvoo, and demand the dispensation aforesaid, which command was treated 
with contempt, and not only a positive refusal given by said Lodge, but a deter- 
mination expressed to continue their work : 

"Now Resolved, By this Grand Lodge, that all fellowship with said Lodges, and 
members thereof, be withdrawn, and the associations of Masons working these 
Lodges are hereby declared clandestine, and all the members hailing therefrom 
suspended from all the privileges of Masonry within the jurisdiction of this 
Grand Lodge, and that our sister Grand Lodges be requested to deny them the 
same privileges. 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary be directed to address a circular on the 
subject to all the Grand Lodges in correspondence with this Grand Lodge, and 
request the same to be published in all Masonic Periodicals." 

On motion of Bro. Howard, the work as reported by Bro. Lusk was 
adopted. 

The Committee on Foreign Correspondence reported as follows : 



"The Committee on Foreign Correspondence. beg leave respectfully to report, 
that they have examined the Journals of Proceedings from the following Grand 
Lodges, viz. : New York, Maine, Maryland, District of Columbia, New Hampshire, 
Ohio, Alabama, South Carolina. Pennsylvania, Indiana, Kentucky, Rhode Island, 
Virginia, Georgia, Missouri, Florida, Connecticut, Iowa, Wisconsin, North Caro- 
lina, Massachusetts, Louisiana, and Mississippi. In all of which they find much 
of interest and instruction to the Masonic family much which our limited 
time alone prevents us from noticing and bringing before your body for action, 
or at least encouragement, evidencing as they all do, that the sunshine of peace 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. :>:?:] 

and prosperity is shedding its benign influence around our time-honored insti- 
tution that the cloud of ignorance and prejudice which has for a time lowered 
over us, is passing away, and that Masonry, having out-lived the slander and 
detraction of ignorance, is now moving hand in hand with the intelligence of 
the age, and with the worthy and the good of every clime has an advocate and 
n friend. 

" Your committee unfeignedly regret that time will not allow them to do jus- 
tice to the matters contained in the journals before them; and that the object 
and the end of their appointment is thereby in a ;-zreat measure lost to the Fra- 
ternity; believing that annual statement of the progress, history, prospect and 
condition of the several Grand Lodges throughout the world, together with 
their decisions upon questions of importance to the Craft, would do much to call 
forth that emulation of "who can best work and who can best agree." The 
principles of our Order are the same. The interests of our Order are identical, 
hence, whatever of good or evil pertains to one, call forth the sympathy of all. 

'Your committee beg leave to submit a summary of such matters, as they 
think most worthy of your consideration. 

"And first, from that text-book of Masonry, the transactions of the Grand 
Lodge of New York, we beg leave to extract the following notice of her Euro- 
pean correspondence: 

"The Committee on Foreign Correspondence of the Grand Lodge of Maine, 
have prepared and published an eloquent address on the institution and princi- 
ples inculcated by Masonry, which every member of our Ortjjer might read with 
advantage. 

"And now we come to notice the most important and interesting part of our 
duty, which is a review of the documents received from Switzerland. To do 
justice to this part of our report, we should have to transcribe those interesting 
documents entire. They are rich in Masonic lore, and, indeed, are the embodi- 
ment of every thing that is great and good, and valuable in our venerable and 
illustrious Order. 

" We are indebted to Bro. Constantine Sargint, for an elegant translation of 
these valuable documents from the French, and for the loan of his translation, 
which was made by him for the Lodge of Strict Observance, of which he is a 
member. 

"These documents comprise : 

"1st. The general statutes and regulations of the National Grand Lodge of 
Switzerland. 

" 2d. Instructions and directions for the use of the Lodge?. 

"3d. Installation of the National Grand Lodge. 

"4th. Extracts from the annual report of the Grand Master. 

5th. State and condition of Masonry in the years 5840 and 5841. 

" 6th. Report of the National Grand Master of Switzerland for the year 5842. 

" We would respectfully recommend that all these documents be published 
for the use of the American Fraternity, and, instead of being distributed gratu- 
itously, sold at a moderate price, by the authority and under the direction of 
this Grand Body, which would relieve it of any expense, while it would contrib- 
ute to the diffusion of a vast amount of Masonic light and knowledge. 

"We now proceed to give a few extracts from these papers. In the circular 
of the National Grand Master, he thus speaks: 



L'31 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"'Masonry relies in the quality and not in the quantity of the brotherhood, 
and its firmest support is to be found in the happy choice of its initiates, and 
not in the frequency of its institutions.' In another place he says, 'the evil 
lays in the unfortunate facility of initiations. If faithful to the principles of 
Freemasonry, we would exact from candidates a certain degiee of education, easi- 
ness of circumstances, honor, morals, etc. There would be no Mason unworthy 
of our benevolence, as no one would make of this title an object of speculation.' 
And in another place : 'Avoid above all the fatal error which makes the strength 
of a Lodge consist in the number of its members. Every virtuous man is our 
brother, but unfortunately every brother is not a true Mason. Should there be 
found among you seven brothers animated by the same zeal for the perfection 
of humanity, and who should actively work, be assured that such alliance would 
not the less be cherished by the entire Fraternity as just and perfect, and you 
would the more surely find in it the happiness of an intimate union.' 

" The following is an extract from the report of the Grand Council of Admin- 
istration, dated 10th of June, 5837. 

" ' We will call to the recollection of the Lodges that they are formally engaged 
to perform the obligations presented by the general rules of the Grand Lodge, 
and which impose upon them the duty (so easily fulfilled) of sending annually 
to the National Grand Master a report of the work of the year past, together 
with a register of their members. We fervently solicit them to pay attention to 
the troubles to which those Lodges expose themselves which remain inactive 
for twelve months, or who allow that term to pass without sending either reports 
or register; and we should be excessively pained, if either the one or the 
other cause should compel us to apply the penalties of the General Statutes as 
provided in such cases. If the reports and registers arenot regularly forwarded 
every year, gaps would unavoidably result in the archives of the Grand Lodge, 
which might become very hurtful should there be at any time a necessity of 
consulting them.' 

"In another place: 'Orations,' delivered in Lodges, are recommended, 'as a 
good school for every brother, who, in the profane world is called upon to speaK 
in public, or to enlighten his fellow-citizens. We do not pay sufficient attention 
to the fact, that the Masonic virtues exercise a marked influence in the profane 
world.' 

" In another place : ' To act in accordance with the meaning of the Institution, 
it is indispensably requisite that you should be Masons, and nothing but Masons, 
You should endeavor to get rid of all prejudices and of all preferences of per- 
sons, place and circumstances. It is precisely one of the bad features of the 
character of our times, that we do not appreciate the intrinsic value of a man, 
but by his political coloring, a reproach deserved by all parties without distinc- 
tion. If the Lodges and their members engage in these fatal views, they trans- 
form themselves into parties; they become clubs, arenas of bitter and irritating 
discussions, and ruin themselves and our association ; as in political and reli- 
gious matters, men do not listen to reason. Thus the principal Masonic statutes 
which forbid us to speak of these matters, either in the Lodge or in committee, 
are as ancient as they nre wise ; we, therefore, forcibly insist that they be strictly 
observed, because, as it is said with so much justice in one of the articles of gene- 
ral duties, it is by these means only that Freemasonry becomes a union for all 
men, draws together and binds with a faithful friendship, persons who without 
them would continually remain apart.' 

"At a session of the National Grand Lodge of the 24th of June, 5842, Bro. 
Mieville, Venerable of the Lodge of Lausanne, on the occasion of the installa- 
tion of officers, addressed the assembly from which we make a few extracts .- 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 23'> 

We are all employed in the raising of a Temple to Solomon! Every day we 
bear to it a stone ; but our efforts not being sufficiently united, and from their 
deplorable isolations, were hurtful in their effects. Let us congratulate our- 
*elve, R. W. brethren, that we now belong to a national Institution, which by 
Masonic ties will bind still more closely our social ones, and which offers to us 
in all the members of the alliance, friends and brothers, all of us zealous to dis- 
charge the double debt imposed upon us by the touching voice of our country, 
and the sacred appeal of Masonry. 

" ' A good Mason is always a good citizen, a just magistrate, a good son, and a 
faithful husband.' * 

* * 'We establish well organized societies. Nay more, societies which bear 
an ardent love for their country, a respect for religion, obedience to the laws 
which govern us, and an unextinguishable love for good order and virtue.' 

"'When modern Masonry made its appearance with its systems, its innova- 
tions and its abuses, it necessarily opposed the natural tendency of Masonry and 
introduced into it hurtful changes.' 

" ' Far be from us, all subjection of conscience, and all hierarchial despotism ; 
they are both in contradiction to true Masonry. An association of enlightened 
men and free from prejudices, demands in this age, with great outcry, for a con- 
cordance of sentiments and action. But a society can never prosper if she acts 
arbitrarily or in the absence of laws. A legislative and executive force had to be 
formed as a basis of our alliance ; every one should submit to it, as they have all 
freely voted for its adoption.' 

" 'The most ancient Masonic documents, the most remote traditions, and the 
reiterated declarations of the Grand Lodge of England (which is acknowledged 
by all Orients as the mother Lodge of the ancient Fraternity of Free and Accept- 
ed Masons) prove that ancient and true Free Masonry consists in the three de- 
grees of St. John. 

"'All Lodges, even those of modern Masonry, agree to it, by giving to them- 
selves the name of St. John, but above all by celebrating the festival of St. John 
the Baptist, the patron of the Ancient Fraternity. 

"' Nevertheless, it is requisite and prudent not to precipitate that which may 
be an affair of belief or even of opinion, and the adage of our Grand Mother 
Lodge leaves us to hope that Masonry will, little by little, reunite that which is 
divided by opinion and prejudices.' 

" Next follows, ' The general duties of Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, and 
Masonic regulations,' which is a complete body of Ethics ; and being a com- 
pound of beauties from beginning to end, in order to do justice to any part, we 
should have transcribed the whole. We are reluctantly compelled to content 
ourselves with this bare notice of it, trusting that the whole of these invaluable 
documents will speedily be published, and thus afford the Craft an opportunity 
of feasting upon their delightful contents. 

"The following extracts are from the report of the Grand Master of the National 
Grand Lodge, in the year 5840 : ' The prosperity of all associations, and more 
especially a Masonic one, essentially depends on the matter in which it is com- 
posed. Unfortunately, (and experience proves it every day) we see that in all 
countries there are Lodges which are but just established, and frequently not 
without great effort, where we find arising among them frightful dissensions, 
which soon lead to suspension of work, and even to a dissolution of the Lodge 
itself, and if this result docs not always happen, it is because sometimes there 
are found a clique of members who are bound together merely by interested 
motives, who endeavor by means of numerous initiations to fill the vacuum which 
a bad administration had produced in the funds of their Lodges. Deplorable 
examples might be adduced in support of these considerations.' 

" ' It is something in this world not to make ourselves remarkable by our vices, 
but that we may become true Masons we should render ourselves dis'tinguished 
by our real virtues.' 



236 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

'"The ritual requires an interval of thirty days between the time of proposing 
a candidate and his initiation, during which time, 'his name must remain affixed 
to the door of the Lodge in order that the members may have a knowledge of 
the same, and that they may oppose him if necessary, and" at all events, that they 
may make inquiries on the candidate, especially if it is for initiation or aggre- 
gation. In departing from this wise prescription, the Lodges deprive themselves 
of the means of information in regard to the candidates, and expose themselves 
to the danger of initiating or affiliating in a careless manner, of which they may 
afterwards have reason to repent.' There is another regulation of the ritual 
which we see sometimes eluded. It is that which requires an interval of one 
year between the 1st and 2d degrees, and the same between the 2d and 3d. It 
has this bad effect, that notwithstanding the assertion to the contrary, it is ab- 
solutely impossible for a brother, let his capacity or assiduity be what it may. to 
acquire in a shorter space, the knowledge of his degree, even in regard to its 
forms and customs. To neglect this regulation, and advance at the expiration 
of a few months, nay, sometimes a few days, a newly initiated member to the 
Master's Degree, is an intolerable abuse, and it has likewise this fault also, that 
it strips all the merit from that degree, which is the most sublime one, and ought 
never to be attained, but as a reward of zeal, aptness and perseverance.' 

"The next document that we come to, is on the 'state and condition of Mason- 
ry in the years 5840 and 5841, extracted from the annual report of the Giand 
Council of Administration of the National Grand Lodge of Switzerland for 1841.' 
" In this paper are notices of Grand Orients beyond the Sea, embracing Africa, 
America, Great Britain, with the continental Lodges of Belgium, Bavaria, Den- 
mark, and Holstein, France, Frankfort on the Main, Hamburg, Hanover, Holland 
Prussia, Saxony and Sweden. At the close of this summary it is remarked, that, 
' In Austria, Russia, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, Masonry was heretofore tolerated ; 
it is at present prohibited. This result may be attributed in a great measure to 
the influence of bigotry, but it may also be to the circumstance, that they abused 
the signs of Masonry. That under cloak of this institution, they organized 
secret societies with political ends in view, and, in opposition to their solemn 
obligations, there were some Masons who assisted in it.' 

" We have had occasion before, to remark on the illiberal conduct observed 
towards the Jews in some of the German Lodges, and extract the following ac- 
count of a transaction which took place in the Lodge de St. George in Pin Ver- 
doyant, at Hamburg: 

'"On balloting for an Israelite brother in this Lodge, the ballot box showed in 
a vote of 8(5, twenty negative ballots. From this there resulted a difficulty which 
was got over in a manner answering to the spirit of Masonic toleration; and 
which did honor to the Lodge. In short, after having maturely examined 
motives which had actuated the rejection, and which consisted only in the dif- 
ference of religious belief, she declared them inadmissable, and rested on the 
following reasons : ''Fora long time past, the Grand Orients of England, France, 
Holland, and North America, have admitted Israelites into the bosom of their 
Lodges. To refuse a Mason merely because he is not a Christian, would be con- 
trary to the ancient statutes of the Fraternity. According to the most ancient 
documents of Free Masonry, regarding the initiation of a profane, or the aggre- 
gation of a brother, they simply require, that he should be no Atheist, and that 
he should profess the religion upon which oilmen agree ;" in other words, that ho 
should be a good and faithful citizen, and a man of honor and probity.' 
"The following notice is taken of the United States : 

"'The Grand Lodge of the State of New York is in a flourishing condition. 
She sends representatives to several Grand Orients. 

'"The emigration to that country of so many Europeans, has given rise to a 
diversity of rites, hurtful to the simplicity of the ancient and respectable fra- 
ternity. To remedy the confusion arising from it, the Grand Lodge of Alabama 
deemed it necessary to invite all the Grand Lodges of the Union to meet in con- 
vention at Washington, in March, 1842, in order to deliberate on a uniform ritual 
to be introduced in all the Lodges of the United States. 

"'This convention will present an opportunity for the establishment of a 
General Grand Lodge for the vast Empire of the United States. 



HISTORY OP MASONRY IX I LLIXOIS. 237 

' From information received of the Lodge." in North America, we learn that 
many of them have so changed and augmented the signs of recognition, pass- 
words and grips, that a foreign brother, wishing to visit those Lodges, can with 
great difficulty gain access to them. Simple certificates are no longer sufficient. 
In Germany, persons wishing to visit the United States are recommended to 
furnish themselves with special letters of recommendation to the Grand Lodge 
of New York.' 

" In the report of the National Grand Master of Switzerland, for the year 5842, 
in sneaking of the United Grand Lodge of England, and in which is quoted the 
report from Hamburg, we have the opinion of the late lamented and most illus- 
trious Grand Master of England, the Duke of Sussex, in relation to recent move- 
ments as to our Israelitish brethren, brought in incidentally with other matters, 
and we transcribe the whole, as no part can be well severed from the other: 

' ' If the Grand Lodge of England (says the report, from Hamburg) attracts the 
special attention of the Masonic world, it is very natural, as we look upon her as 
the mother Lodge of Masonry, and more particularly as she has extended her 
relations and counts affiliated Lodges in the most distant parts of the globe. 

" The Grand Lodge has revised and published in 1841, her general statutes; 
she has increased her establishments of benevolence by founding a school for 
both sexes, and opened, under the direction of the. illustrious brother, the Duke 
of Sussex, an asylum fur poor, aged, and infirm Free Masons. 

'' In the session of the 2d of March 1842, R. H. Augustus Frederick, Duke of 
Sussex, was unanimously re-elected to the duties of Grand Master. The same 
year the Grand Master, aided by his Grand Dignitaries, did, according to ancient 
Masonic custom, lay at Sunderland the foundation of a building intended for 
scientific purposes, under the name of "Atheneum." 

'" Apropos to the admission into our alliance of men professing the religion of 
Moses, this Grand Master has expressed himself in the following terms : "Among 
Free Masons, all differences of opinion in political matters or religious belief ap- 
pears to me a matter of no importance, of whatever side, party, climate, or affinity 
they may be. These Masonic principles are those of all my life, and I can truly * 
say that I have grown old in the exercise of the Royal Art of Free Masonry. 
They are my glory. They have procured me true relief in my troubles, a con- 
solation in my afflictions, and when I turn my thoughts upon them, I feel grow- 
ing young again by their sweet influence." 

' In a fraternal audience lately given by H. R. H. to a brother at Berlin, and 
in the course of a long conversation, he expressed himself in the following 
terms; "I recollect still with pleasure, the time (1800) when I was Junior and 
Senior Warden and afterwards Master of the Lodge, the Triumph of Truth" (proba- 
bly at Berlin). "Yes, my friend," added he, "Masonry is a universal good, which 
embraces and unites together men of every belief. Although this principle is 
not universally recognized, the time will come, and that soon, when it will be. 
We are marching towards this noble end, and our united efforts should be em- 
ployed to arrive at it as speedily as possible. I am altogether in favor of the eman- 
cipation of the Israelites and it is to be regretted that a number of Lodges in 
Germany are closed against them. Masonry should never close her portals to 
any enlightened man, let his religion be what it may, if he has been thought 
worthy of being admitted into the alliance. Although some contend that Mason- 
ry is a Christian institution, and that some of her details do not accord with 
other creeds, yet religion teaches us to love our neighbor, and that men are 
equal in the eyes of the Almighty. The Creator embraces all his creatures with 
the same love. Let the form in which others serve and adore God be what it 
may ; let them swear on the Al Koran or on the Bible, the thought is always 
fixed on God; and it is a weakness on our part to believe ourselves better than 
others. My zeal towards Masonry will never slacken. I belong to the Fraternity 
to the. last breath of my life ; anil I will dedicate to her, with pleasure, all my 
faculties." 

" 'This excellent Mason is no more. On the 21st of April last he was called to 
that Celestial Lodge, where he will receive the recompense of his Masonic virtues 
ami his numberless services. We also, dear brethren, deplore this painful loss; 
for it was from his hands that we received the constitutional patent of the 
English provincial Grand Mastership for Switzerland, it was to his encourage- 
ment that we owe our constitution as an independent Grand Lodge ; it was him 
in whom we were always sure to find under all circumstances a powerful and de- 
v.itod protector. May yon, dear brethren, as well as ourselves, guard in your 



238 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

hearts the memory of the illustrious defunct, and his Masonic principles such 
HS we have communicated them to you, as a species of testament from him ' 

"'The last article which we shall notice in these interesting papers, is that in 
relation to our own Grand Lodge. It commences with this caption :' 

" 'GRAND LODGE OF NEW YORK, NORTH AMERICA. This Grand Lodge has re-elected 
as -her Grand Master the It. W. Bro. General Morgan Lewis. This Grand Lodge 
owes the distinguished and indefatigable activity of her Grand Secretary. R. W. 
Bro. James Herring, several new relations with the Grand Orients of Europe. 
Our National -Grand Lodge will place herself in a more intimate fraternal corres- 
pondence with her, by means of a reciprocal system of representation. 

"'The Masonic Congress convoked at Washington by the Grand Lodge of New 
York, met on the 7th of March, 1842. There were present delegates from the 
Grand Lodges, viz.: Rhode Island. Virginia, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
New York, Maryland, Connecticut, District of Columbia, South Carolina, Alabama. 

'"They nominated two committees one for & convention on the direction of 
the work of the three degrees for all the States in the Union, the other for the 
establishment of a regulating code (constitution of Lodges); but the Grand Lodges 
of the West not being represented, and that of Alabama not producing sufficient 
vouchers, they agreed to the proposition of nominating by each Grand Lodge 
one or more brethren, with the title of Grand Lecturers, "who sho'uld adopt a 
project on the mode of instruction, and who should meet at least once in three 
years, for the purpose of comparing the work and rectifying anything which 
might require alteration. The General Congress has unanimously adopted this 
measure.' 

"We have now gone through with what we consider to be among the most im- 
portant of these highly interesting documents, and have not made an extract 
from or allusion to them which we did not consider of momentous import to the 
Fraternity. These excellent papers remind your committee that it is a part of 
their duty earnestly but respectfully to impress on this Grand Lodge the im- 
portance of regulating the system of initiating and raising candidates to the 
mysteries of our Order. Many causes might be assigned for the low estimate in 
which we are often held by the profane, and the cold and chilling apathy which 
often marks the footsteps of the Masonic brother; but to nothing does she owe 
her misfortunes more than that of the ignorance of her members as to the true 
knowledge of the art. 

" We, as a body, appear to be content with the word, only, of her law the spirit 
of her institutions we know but little of. We are content with the knowledge of 
a few of her signs and symbols, the attainment of which invite us to repose. 
Wearied with our great zeal and labor in her luxuriant fields, we relax from the 
operative part, and with a superficial knowledge thus obtained, we commence 
the speculative, and ultimately receive that portion for our reward which is 
meted out to those only who never turn up but the first strata of the soil. Then 
follows suddenly in its train dissention and want of brotherly love. 

"We have also before us extracts from the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of 
Saxony, from the 8th of April, 1812, to the 15th of June, 1843, the whole of which 
ought to be spread before the Fraternity on this side of the Atlantic ; but in what 
way to do it, your committee are at a loss, as the mass of these papers contain 
matter which, in our opinion, are not proper to be committed to paper. Things 
are unfolded in these documents which strike us with surprise. It appears that 
the G. H. S. of the third degree is proposed, by the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, 
to be given to a candidate at his initiation in the first; and the Grand Master of 
Saxony recommends the adoption of the same course, and states that it is already 
done by some Grand Lodges. Subsequent, to-wit, on the 22d of March, 1843, the 
Grand Lodge of Hamburg actu?lly adopted this innovation. This grave question 
was at that time again brought up in the Grand Lodge of Saxony, but it does not 
appear whether it was finally settled or not. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 239 

" On the 8th of April, 1842, a reciprocal representation and correspondence with 
this Grand Lodge was agreed upon;but'the proposition of a representation from 
the Grand Lodge of Texas was adjourned, having heard that a change was to 
take place soon in the southern part of America in the Masonic line.' 

"On the 18th January, 1843, Bro. Mensch, member of the United Lodges Three 
Schwerten and Astrea zum Graenendem Raute, in Dresden, who was formerly a 
resident of the city of New York, and a member of Albion Lodge No. 107, of said 
city, was proposed as representative of the Grand Lodge of New York; also the 
Breth. Von Lindt and Schwarze, both members of the Lodge Zum Golden Apfel, 
in Dresden. 

"The Grand Lodge of Hamburg, on the 30th of July, 1840, concluded that in 
future the G. H. S. shall be communicated in the first degree. 

"An anecdote is related of a soldier having saved his life at the battle of 
Wagram, in 1812, by being possessed of this sign. It was permitted to be com- 
municated to an A. E. in private, but in open Lodge, in case the Worshipful 
Master, under certain circumstances, thought proper to do so. The Bro. Grand 
Orator, in stating these matters, observed, "that the three Grand Lodges in 
Berlin, and the Grand Eclectic Lodge in Frankfort on the Main, admitted a very 
similar proceeding, and he wished it might be uniformly adopted. Whereupon, 
the Worshipful Breth. Starke, Lucius, and the R. W. Dep. Grand Master, ascer- 
tained that a similar manner of proceeding in this matter Is already used by 
some of the subordinate Lodges in Saxony. 

" The R. W. Grand Master brought this subject before the representatives of the 
Lodges in order to obtain their instructions and opinions thereon. 

" The letter to the R. W. Grand Lodge in New York, North America, and the 
R. W. the Grand Lodge of the Republic of Texas, had been read and adopted. 
They were to be translated into English before being directed to their destina- 
tion. 

"The R. W. Bro. Zacharius informed the Grand Lodge of the appearance of 
an adventurer by the name of Sivery. Also, that a certain brother has false 
certificates in his possession. 

"Amas de Swiry (or Si wry), as he declares, is a painter and Grecian Colonel, 
born in Athens, and educated in Alexandria. He was arrested on the llth of 
April, 1844, at Gernsback, for bad behavior, drunkenness, and vagrancy. He 
produced a French passport dated d'Espinal, 6th June, 1841, and made out the 
following story of his life: 

'"I served under Napoleon in the army as Mameluke, and afterwards with the 
Pasha Soliman, of Egypt, as Colonel. I don't know, myself, to what religion I 
belong; I speak all languages. I come from France, Italy, and Switzerland, and 
I intend to go to Hungary. I can not remember that I said yesterday evening, 
the German Princes should all tremble if my plan should succeed, because I was 
drunk. I got once a heavy blow on my head, and if I drink some wine, I am 
ever troubled in my mind, and don't know what I say.' 

"Among his papers were found some Masonic documents, which left no doubt 
that he was recommended for charity by Freemasons in Strasburg and Baden, 
and a certificate with the signature of Soliman Pascha. He was obliged to leave 
the territory of Baden and Wirtemburg, and afterwards he was arrested again 
in Elberfield and Cologne. 

"This information led to the supposition that he wasn't at all the man that 
he pretended to be, but rather it is probable that he was formerly a Mason by 
profession, and the name seems to be Emerick Wenzel, from Landenburg, iu 



ii-10 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

the Grand Duchy of Baden, who deserted the military service of Ins country, 
and then became a vagrant in Italy, Spain, Egypt, and Greece, and afterwards 
returning to Germany, that he adopted the name of Count Nicholas Leonidas, 
and styled himself a Captain in the service of the King of Greece. He spied out 
the credulity of people of rank and distinction, and embraced this opportunity 
to his profit; but particularly in Lodges of Freemasons, he found every where 
an easy admission, because he unfortunately understands too well how to give 
the evidence required for that purpose. 

"The description communicated to us is as follows: Age 4ii years, black hair, 
upon the crown of his head somewhat thin; particular marks, pitted with the 
small-pox, and a perceptible cicatrice on the head. He speaks very fluently 
German and French ; his deportment is vulgar, and somewhat affected. 

"The proceedings of the 15th of June, 1843, contain extracts from the consti- 
tution of the Grand Lodge of Hanover, which we insert, as some useful hints 
may be taken from them : 

"'No brother can be elected an officer of a Lodge until he has been three years 
a ^faster Mason. > 

"'A Fellow has to work at least one year in that degree before he can b 
admitted to the 3d degree. 

"'An Apprentice has to remain at least two years in that degree. 

" 'Any Lodge that does not work for three years forfeits its charter. To revive 
the Lodge, she is obliged to take a new charter. Any dormant Lodge shall 
deposit all its documents, charter, minutes, etc., with the Grand Lodge. 

"'A candidate who is black-balled three times, can never be proposed again. 

"'In balloting for a candidate for initiation, every visiting brother shall have a 
right to vote, because the candidate becomes a member of the Craft in general. 

"'No Mason initiated in a clandestine Lodge can be admitted ; but each Free- 
mason in good standing, of any nation and profession of faith, shall be admitted. 
However, every Lodge may, in individual cases, proceed according to its by-laws.' 

"The Grand Lodge of Saxony elected three Censors, whose duty it is to watch 
over every Masonic work intended for publication by any brother of a subor- 
dinate Lodge. 

"Since closing this report, and only on the day previous to our present session, 
we have received voluminous documents from Hamburg and Holland, the latter 
of which it will not be in our power to notice at all, as they are now in the hands 
of the translator, with the exception of two dispatches from the Low Countries, 
one directed to this Grand Lodge as a body, and the other to our Grand Secretary. 

"The former we can but glance at, and extract such matters as more immedi- 
ately concerns us. 

"At the quarterly communication of January 31st, 1840, a proposition was made 
to establish a society in connection with the mercantile branch of the Ship- 
brokers' Union, for the assistance of those needy brothers about to embark for 
America, and a very lengthy report was drawn up. A counter report was drawn 
up, stating some political difficulties, and there the matter appears to rest. 

"A candidate must be twenty years and five months old before he can be in- 
itiated. 

"There is an Order in France called the Ordrede Temps, who hold no com- 
7iiunion either with the Grand Orient or the Supreme Council, and whose rites 
are nearly similar to the Knights Templar of Germany, Sweden, England, and 
America, which in 1804 was constituted into a Lodge by the Grand Orient, by the 
title La Loge et Chnpitre des Chevaliers dc la Crnis. 

" : It is stated in the quarterly communication of April 24th, 1841, among the 
reports of other Grand Lodtres. that the annual expenses of the Grand Lodge of 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 241 

England was about 3000 sterling; that the Grand Secretary receives a pension 
of 80 sterling. 

"St. John's Day, June 24, 1841, a report was presented to the Grand Lodge of 
Hamburg, of the state of the Fraternity over the whole globe. At the same time, 
Bro. Phemoller was introduced as the representative of the Grand Lodge of New 
York, with a warm address from the Grand Master, which was responded to by 
one of equal warmth. The M. W. Lodge was then closed, and an E. A. opened, 
when brethren not members of the Grand Lodge were admitted. Refreshments 
were served up, after which a cantata was sung, composed by Bro. Peasy, a 
poetical address was then delivered by the Grand Orator, Mr. Baetzel, and at G 
o'clock a procession was formed, accompanied by music, to the banqueting hall, 
which was splendidly ornamented for the occasion. 

" Regular quarterly session of August 17th, 1841. The transactions of the Grand 
Lodge of New York was received of its annual communications of 1839 and 1840, 
and to March, 1841, with a great variety of interesting matter. 

"At the regular quarterly session, held November 13th, 1841, a decision was 
given against the project of establishing a society for the protection of emigrants 
into foreign countries. 

"At an emergent meeting, held December 4th, 1841, it was stated that the 
Supreme Council of France had, in 1834, entered into a confederacy with the 
Supreme Council of New York. 

"Regular session of September 4th, 1842, contains the annual proceedings,, 
which should have taken place on St. John's Day, and was postponed on account 
of the great fire. The day was kept as a day of thanksgiving and prayer, for 
having been preserved from that awful conflagration. 

" We now come to notice the communication from the National Grand Master 
of Holland to this Grand Lodge, and also that of the R. W. F. A. Van Rappard, 
the Grand Secretary of that Grand Lodge, to the R. W. Bro. Herring, our Grand 
Secretary, in both of which a direct and permanent correspondence between the 
two grand bodies is urged and solicited. 
"These documents are accompanied by 
" 1st. A copy of the code of laws of that Grand Orient. 
"2d. A copy of all the annual reports. 
"3d. The Rules of Order for the grand officers, etc. 
"4th. The list of Lodges which work under that jurisdiction. 
" Having already stated that these documents are now in the hands of a trans- 
lator, and that they have just come to hand, we shall defer any further notice of 
them until our next quarterly communication. 

"The Grand Lodge of Maryland approves of the system of lectures adopted 
and agreed upon by the convention of Masons at Baltimore, in May, 1843, and 
has directed that the same be adopted by all the Lodges under her jurisdiction. 
She refuses her assent to the sending of a delegate to Europe. She has for- 
bidden the subordinate Lodges under her jurisdiction to confer the degree of 
Past Master upon any one who has not been duly elected to preside in the chair 
(a practice we did not suppose had ever obtained under the jurisdiction of any 
Grand Lodge). She is also in favor of the establishment of a grand Masonic 
< ''invention, to meet triennially, possessing certain specified powers. 

"The Grand Lodge of Indiana is now in a flourishing condition. The subor- 
dinate Lodges are all doing well, and the Fraternity is prosperous. She has 
been somewhat embarrassed in consequence of the subordinate Lodges taking 
r.otes of hand in payment for degrees and dues. This is a practice which can 

16 



242 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

not meet with too much condemnation; one which should never be indulged 
in; much better forgive the debt than settle it by note. The Grand Master in 
his address recommends that ' to improve the leisure hours that frequently 
occur in a lodge-room, lectures on the several degrees of Masonry, or on some 
useful branch of science, can not be too strongly recommended.' With the 
refinement of the age in which we live, and the great advancement of the arts, 
it must be conceded that these advantages are only enjoyed by the few, whilst 
the many remain untaught. 

"'In an association like ours, embracing every class of good citizens, it would 
seem 110 difficult matter, with a small amount of funds, to collect a large amount 
of that which would be useful to all specimens in botany, geology, mineralogy, 
to which may be added, by some ingenious mechanic, directed by scientific 
men, apparatus in hydraulics, mechanics, and specimens in architecture. 
These, with weekly lectures during the long winter evenings on those subjects, 
with chemistry as connected with the arts and agriculture, it seems to me would 
do more in one year to elevate the Masonic standing and cultivate the human 
^nind, than has been achieved by the Craft in the last forty years. The acquisi- 
tion of knowledge by abstract instruction is hardly obtained by the many, hence 
the reason why but few are learned, and that villages are better informed than 
those living in the country. In some of the eastern Lodges in this State, 
lectures within the last year have been delivered with highly beneficial results.' 
This Lodge also recommends a Manual Labor School, for the benefit of the 
orphans of Masons. She does not approve the system of Grand Lodge certifi- 
cates". 

"The Grand Lodge of Alabama appears to be in an improving and flourishing 
state. She recommends highly the policy of appointing representatives to the 
different Grand Lodges a policy which we beg leave to recommend to the 
early attention of this Grand Lodge. She also reprobates the practice of confer- 
ring degrees until the fees are paid, as one fraught with danger to the Masonic 
Institution. 

"The Grand Master of Maine speaks highly of 'a re-print of Masonic papers," 
originally printed at Madras, in the East Indies, which they say they have 
examined with much interest, and recommend it as being worthy the careful 
perusal of all Masons who are in pursuit of more light. This report on foreign 
correspondence, next to that of New York, we consider the best and most worthy 
Attention of any we have had the pleasure of examining. From the able and 
eloquent exposition of the Masonic Institution and principles of our Order, we 
.are satisfied that it was prepared by a committee who perfectly understand the 
work, and are fully able to lay down designs upon the trestle-board for the in- 
struction of their brethren. They notice circulars received from Breth. Chas. W. 
Moore and John Dove, in relation to the trestle-board, which letters have also 
been read to this Grand Lodge. 

"The Grand Lodge of New Hampshire approves of the plan of a triennial 
convention, and also of the lectures and work adopted by the Masonic Conven- 
tion at Baltimore. 

"The Grand Lodge of Virginia dissents from the work published by Bro. 
Moore, of Massachusetts, and declares by resolution that it is not a true expo- 
sition of the work as adopted by the Masonic Convention at Baltimore. 

"We regret exceedingly the difficulty which has arisen between Beth. Moore 
and Dove it has already been productive of much feeling, and will ultimately 
work much injury to the Masonic Institution, and your committee recommend 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 213 

that it is unadvisable at this time for the Grand Lodge of Illinois to take any other 
part in the controversy than to sincerely express their regrets that in the 
Masonic family such difficulties should arise. 

"The Grand Lodge of Georgia is in a highly flourishing condition. The 
Fraternity generally throughout her jurisdiction are increasing in numbers and 
respectability. She speaks thus of the representative system: 'We can not 
too highly approve of the representative system now existing to some extent 
with the various Grand Lodges throughout the world, and urgently recommend 
that arrangements be forthwith made to insure the representation of this Grand 
Lodge at as many other Grand Lodges as possible.' 

" The Grand Lodge of Arkansas also highly approves of the representative 
system, and of the proposed triennial convention system. 

"The Grand Lodge of New Hampshire is also in a flourishing condition The 
several reports of her District Deputy Grand Masters are full of interest, and 
manifest much attachment to the interest of Masonry. In relation to the 
trestle-board, they unanimously say by resolution: 'That the Masonic trestle- 
board, by R. W. Breth. Chas. W. Moore and S. W. B. Carnegy, adapted to the 
National system of work and lectures, &s revised and perfected by the late U. S. 
Masonic Convention, be and the same is hereby approved, and it is hereby 
ordered that the same be used by the several Lodges under this jurisdiction 
as a guide and text-book in their labors.' 

" The Grand Lodge of Kentucky had a very interesting meeting. The brethren 
there, never wearying in good works, are industriously engaged in establishing a 
high school for the education of the orphan children of Masons. This is a subject 
of intense interest to the Masonic family one which would do more to insure 
the perpetuity of human liberty, free institutions, and the principles which have 
ever been taught in the Masonic sanctuary, than anything else for Masonry 
and the cultivation of the human intellect have ever gone hand in hand, and 
when the latter has been developed, the former has always been disseminated. 
To our brethren, therefore, who are engaged in this good cause in Kentucky, 
Missouri, and elsewhere, God speed you; and we indulge an abiding hope that the 
day is not far distant when the Grand Lodge of Illinois, now in its infancy, will 
do likewise. 

"Brethren, if time permitted, we might extend this report much further, I nit 
we must here come to a clese, regretting that all of you could not have the 
pleasure of examining the returns which have been laid before us; if you had, 
you would have been satisfied, beyond the possibility of a doubt, that the pillars 
of Masonry stand erect and unleaning, and give earnest to the world that the 
edifice which they support has stood, and will stand, throughout all time, the 
buffetings of prejudice and ignorance, an asylum for the virtuous and the good 
of every nation and of every clime. 

" Respectfully and fraternally submitted. 

"W. B. WARREN, 
L. LUSK.'! 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts reported that they had found 
the reports of the Grand Secretary and Treasurer correct, and that there 
was in the hands of the Grand Treasurer, $207.58, and in the hands of the 
Grand Secretary, $402.35, making the whole amount of funds 8609 93. 
The Grand Treasurer was authorized to use the funds in the treasury 
until the next annual communication, as a compensation for his services. 



244 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

The Grand Lodge was then closed. 

The membership reported by the several Lodges is as follows : Bodley, 
No. 1, 35; Equality, No. 2, 17; Harmony, No. 3, 22; Springfield, No. 4, 
33; Macon, No. 8, 24; Friendship, No. 7, 31; St. John's, No. 13, IS; 
Warren, No. 14, 37; Peoria, No. 15, 34 ; Temperance, No. 16, ; Macomb, 
No. 17, 16 ; LaFayette, No. 18, 65 ; Hancock, No. 20, 16 ; Warsaw No. 21, 
13; Franklin, No. 25, 8; Hiram, No. 26, 15; Piasa, No. 27, 12 ; Monroe, 
No. 28, 7. Temperance, No. 16; Clinton, No. 19; Milwaukee, No. 22; 
and Cass, No. 23, made no returns. The membership of these Lodges is 
estimated to be twenty each. Total membership reported, 403 ; estimated, 
{0; total, 483. There were also reported eighteen Fellow Crafts, one 
Entered Apprentice, and five deaths. 

BODLEY LODGE NO. 1. 

The brethren reported raised by this Lodge during 1844, are as follows : 
J. Rossel, Feb. 2; R. E. Smith, March 22; A. McKee, April 9 ; M. Keis, 
April 12; J. Rentz and J. Keis, May 10; R. Naylor, May 17; E. C. 
Davis, May 24; J. P. Kryder, Aug. 8; V. Zimmermann, Sept. 5; Wil- 
liam F. Bauermeister, Nov. 4; C. McVay and Samuel Hutton, Nov. 24; 
William H. Gather, Dec. 10. 

On the first of April the following action, relating to the Ledges at 
Nauvoo, was taken : 

"The W. Master remarked that the Nauvoo Lodges were working 
and finishing their hall, notwithstanding their dispensation had been 
withdrawn by the Grand Lodge. 

" Bro. Freeman was called upon', and stated that he had learned that 
the Nauvoo Lodges were still at work, receiving, passing, and raising 
Masons, and that the brethren of Warsaw Lodge had notified the grand 
officers on the subject. 

" On motion of Bro. Stahl, 

"Resolved, That the Secretary be instructed to inform the Grand Master of 
this State, that the Nauvoo, Keokuk, and the[other] Lodges in and about Xauvoo 
continue to work, and that they having given notice in a public paper of their 
intention to consecrate their Masonic Hall, on the 5th inst, and that the said 
Masons pretend not to be in^ossession of official notice that they were de- 
prived of their charter and dispensation." 

May 3, we find the following on record : "A bill was presented by 
the German band of musicians, for services rendered at the funeral of 
Bro. J. B. Ijahms." This is the only notice of the decease of that 
brother. May 17, the Lodge received a notice from Peoria Lodge No. 
15, that that Lodge purposed to celebrate the anniversary of the battle of 
Bunker Hill, and the death of General Warren, first Grand Master of 
North America, and invited Quincy Lodge to join in the ceremonies on 
Tuesday, June 18. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 245 

On this invitation the following action was taken : 
" After due deliberation, the Lodge 

" Resolved, That the Secretary be instructed to strike out that part of the in- 
vitation relative to the political meeting, and send it back to our brethren at 
Peoria." 

The obnoxious political allusion contained in the invitation was to the 
effect that in addition to certain attractions therein set forth, a political 
assemblage would be held in Peoria on the day following, " to which 
the most eminent orators and statesmen in the Union had been invited, 
and which its friends expect to be the largest that ever met in the State." 

The committee on arrangements for St. John's Day, reported the fol- 
lowing correspondence, which explains itself: 

'*' To the Trustees of the Congregational Church at Quincy: 

" The undersigned committee appointed by the Bodley Lodge of Quinoy, 
respectfully ask the permission of the trustees and of the people of said church, 
for the public use of their edifice, on Monday, the 24th day of June next, for the 
religious exercises of the institution. 

" In behalf of the Masonic Fraternity, 

(Signed) ".T. H. HOLTON^ 

H. S. COOLEY, I Committee." 
R. E. SMITH. ) 

To this request the following reply was made: 

" To the Committee of the Bodley Lodge at Quincy : 

" In reply to your request for the use of the Congregational edifice for the 
religious exercises of the Masonic Fraternity, on the 24th of June next, we must 
plead ignorance as to the nature of the institution, and its religious worship, 
and as said church is nominally dedicated to the worship of Almighty God, the 
Father, Son and Holy Ghost, we feel compelled to withhold our assent. 

"In behalf of the First Congregational Church, 

(Signed) " A. COMSTOCK, Trustee. 

" QUINCY, May 2d, 1844." 

Ah! indeed? 

June 24, the Lodge celebrated St. John's Day. Thirty-four members 
of the Lodge and seventeen "visitors to Bodley Lodge," twenty-eight 
members and visitors of Palmyra Lodge, twenty-nine members and 
vistors of Hannibal Lodge, three from New London Lodge, eleven mem- 
bers of Columbus Lodge No. 5, one from Hiram, No. 26, were present. 
Among those from Palmyra were P. H. McBride, Grand Master of Mis- 
souri, Stephen W. B. Carnegy, P. G. Master same State. Past Grand 
Master Jonas was also present. The Lodge having formed a procession, 
preceded by the Quincy band, " marched through several streets of the 
city " to the Baptist church, where, after prayer by the Rev. Bro. Best, 
of Palmyra, an oration was delivered by Brother Creath, which was 
followed up by an appeal on behalf of the Masonic College of Missouri, 



246 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

by Bro. R. E. Smith. The Lodge and its visitors, " accompanied by 
about one hundred Masons' wives, widows, and orphans," proceeded to- 
the Quincy House and partook of a " most excellent dinner." 

Oct. 7, Bro. Hedges, an officer of the Lodge, asked leave to demit, 
which was denied, on the ground that he being an officer could not 
resign or demit. 

Oct. 20, the Lodge buried the remains of Bro. D. Nelson. "At the 
appointed hour, clothed in white aprons and gloves, they proceeded to 
the Congregational Church, and thence to the burying ground, where the 
usual ceremonies were performed." 

Nov. 4, Breth. Cooley, Harris, and Headley were appointed a commit- 
tee to select some orphan boy, to be by the Lodge sent to the Masonic 
College of .Missouri. In the record of Dec. 10, we find the following: 
' The question came now before the brethren, whether the Lodge give 
up its charter or not, whereupon a motion was made to surrender the 
charter, which motion was lost." This action appears to have been 
taken in consequence of the numerous demissions most of the German 
brethren having withdrawn. 

Dec. 26, the following officers were elected : F. G. Johnston, W. M. ,- 
J. II. Ralston, S. W. ; H. S. Simmons, J. W. ; Enoch Conyers, Treasurer; 
S. Hutton, Secretary. 

Dec. 28, the following appointments were made: L. Palmer, S. D. ; 
A. Van Fleet, J. D. ; M. Keiss, Tyler. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 2. 

This Lodge did no work beyond two initiations and one passing during 
the year 1844. At the January meeting (6th), the officers elected in De- 
cember, 1843, were installed. June 24, the following were elected : A. W. 
Pool, W. M.; J. W. Hamilton, S. W.; Valentine F. Evans, J. W.; Wm. 
Siddall, Treasurer; J. R. Smoot, Secretary; Joseph E. Watkins, S. D. ; 
John Howard, J. D. ; "William Ellage, Tyler. 

HARMONY LODGE NO. 3. 

In the absence of any other information, the return of this Lodge for 
1844 is here given : 

" A. C. Dickson, W. M. ; J. Hickman, S. W. ; J. T. Sigler, J. W.,- Mat. 
Stacey, Sec.; J. M. Lucas, Treas.: W. B. Warren, S. D.; A. Dunlap, 
J. D. : W. S. Hurst, Tyler. 

"Past Masters. William B. Warren, S. W. Lucas, John T. Jones, 
P. Coffman, John Gregory, Mat. Stacey, George Hackett, A. V. Putnam. 

"Master Masons. Dennis Rockwell, Jas. T. Holmes, C. Ludlum, 
W. W. Happy, J. A. McDougal, A. Dickerson, W. II. Delph, E. J. 
Dunlap." 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 247 



SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 4. 

This Lodge reported the following brethren raised during 1844 : Arnold 
R. Robinson and James Leaton, June 5; Balsar Ilicki and D. B. Campbell, 
Sept. 23; William B. Fonda, Nov. 18; Benjamin Mordecai Moses, Dec. 3. 

January 12, Bro. Lusk presided and lectured the Lodge, and also on 
Jan. 13. July 29, Bro. Zwisler resigned as W. M., and the following 
resolution was passed : 

"Resolved, That we tender to our highly esteemed Bro. .Tames Zwisler, late 
W. M. of Springfield Lodge No. 4, our sincere expressions of Masonic friendship; 
and that as a brother among us. we hold him in high esteem." 

The election of a Master to fill the vacancy was deferred until next 
regular meeting. 

Bro. Helm having resigned his membership, was created an honorary 
member for life. 

August 24, Bro. William Lavely was elected Master, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Bro. Zwisler. 

November 18, Bro. James Shepherd, the Secretary, having demitted, 
Bro. N. W. Matheny was appointed in his stead. At this meeting Bro. 
Lavely ordered a fine^of twenty-five cents each assessed against eighteen 
absent members. 

December 27, officers as follows were elected : William Lavely, W. M.; 
George R. Weber, S. W.; N. A. Garland, J. W.; Maurice Doyle, Treas.; 
A. R. Robinson, Sec.; James Leggott, Tyler. The following appoint- 
ments were made: Z. P. Cabanis, S. D.; John Uhler, J. D.; Francis A. 
McNeill, Master of Ceremonies. The Finance Committee reported that 
the Lodge was indebted to the Treasurer in the sum of $84.70. 

Far West Lodge No. 5, still continuing under the jurisdiction of the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri, made no returns to the Grand Lodge of Illi- 
nois, and no returns were received from Columbus Lodge No. 6. 

FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 7. 

H. B. McKenney, N. G. H. Morrill, and Isaac Means, Feb. 1 ; S. A. 
Mason, Jacob M. Morrill, and William P. Burroughs, Feb. 29 ; J. B. 
Nash, Oct. 24; F. II. Burrows and Le Grand Wynkoop, Dec. 19, were 
raised by this Lodge in the year 1844. March 9, it was voted to celebrate 
St. John's Day, and a committee of ten appointed to make arrange- 
ments. April 25, this order was re-considered, in consequence of the 
inability of tfie Lodge to defray the necessary expenses. May 30, the 
following officers were elected : Horace Preston, W. M. ; James Camp- 
bell, S. W. ; D. B. McKenney, J. W. ; James McKenney, Treasurer; 
Jacob M. Morrill, Secretary; Nathan Morehouse, S. D. : Stephen Fuller, 
J. D. ; Joseph Mason, Tyler. 



248 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

MACON LODGE NO. 8. 

This Lodge raised in the year 1844, Brethren J. J. Patterson, March 
2; William Stamper, March 15; B. Y. Hooper, March 17; William J. 
Condell, April 22; George Goodman, April 29. 

May 25, upon motion of Bro. Gorin, it was ordered that the business 
of the Lodge should be transacted in the Master's degree, except ihe 
initiating of candidates and passing to the second degree. An invitation 
was received from Peoria Lodge No. 15, inviting the Lodge to attend the 
celebration of the anniversary of the battle of Bunker Hill, which was 
declined with thanks. 

The semi-annual election was then held, resulting as follows : Charles 
II. Pringle, W. M.; J. E. Gorin, S. W.; William Stamper, J. W. ; H. 
Eobinson, Treas.; Jasper J. Peddicord, Sec'y ; James Ashton, Tyler. 
June 24th, the Treasurer reported $1.87-J in the treasury. Sept. 14, the 
Lodge interred the remains of Bro. William Bosworth. Oct. 19, the by- 
laws were so amended as to provide for election of officers annu- 
ally, before 24th of June, instead of twice each year as heretofore, 
yet on the 24th November the following officers were elected for the 
ensuing twelve months: Charles H. Pringle, W. M.; William Stamper, 
S. W.; Preston Butler, J. W. ; Henry Prather, Treas. ; W. J. Condell, 
Sec.; James Ashton, Tyler. George Goodman and J. Y. Braden were 
appointed Deacons. 

RUSHVILLE LODGE NO. 9, and JULIET LODGE NO. 10. 
These Lodges made no returns to the Grand Lodge in 1844. 

ST. JOHN'S LODGE NO. 13. 

The following raisings were reported by this Lodge for the year 1844: 
Wm. Paul, J. Baxley, Mar. 28; T.B.Elliott, May 30; Cook, June 25. 

March 28, the Lodge invited Bro. Lusk to be present at his earliest 
convenience and lecture the Lodge. May 30, the Lodge held its semi- 
annual election, at which Bro. A. Kirkpatrick was elected W. M.; Asa 
Holdredge, S. W.; W. J. Cox, J. W.; Ambrose O'Connor, Sec.; Win. Paul, 
Treas.; E. M. Moore, S. D.; J. Baxley, J. D ; T. B. Elliott, Steward and 
Tyler. Dec. 19, an election was held, which resulted in transferring 
Bro. Holdredge from the West to the East; G. W. Gilson was elected S. W.; 
T. B. Elliott was taken from the ante-room and placed in the South; 
Wm. A. Merritt was elected Treasurer; Wm. Paul, Secretary ; J. Baxley, 
S. D.; Hennessy, J. D.; and Cook, Tyler. 

WAREEN LODGE NO. 14. 

The following named brethren were added to this Lodge by raising 
during 1844: II. H. M. Butt and William Banks, Feb. 10; James S. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 249 

Alexander, Feb. 26; M. J. Pearce, Mar. 9 ; Frederick Wolfflin, Mar. 23 : 
Norris Hobart, July 30; Joseph B. Cockrell, Sept. 30; E. J. Reardou, 
Nov. 30. March 9, the Treasurer having failed to settle, the Secretary 
was ordered to hold in his possession all funds thereafter coming into 
his hands. May 28, the Lodge accepted an invitation to celebrate St. 
John's Day with the brethren of Smithland, Kentucky. 

June 24, officers were elected for the " twelve months ensuing," the 
by-laws relating to elections having been amended. This election 
resulted in the choice of E. H. Gatewood, W. M.; E. Bogardus, 8. W.; 
E. R. Roe, J. W.; John L. Campbell, Treas.; T. C. Buntin, Sec.; C. Gold, 
S. D.; E. J. Nicholson, J. D.; James M. Jones, Tyler. Bro. Bogardus 
" feeling unwilling to act any longer in the office of S. W., resigned, and 
Bro. J. S. Roberts was chosen in his place." Whereupon, Bro. Bogardus 
was appointed " Conductor," and Bro. Hobart, Chaplain. The Lodge 
then proceeded to the Presbyterian Church, where the officers were 
installed, an oration being delivered by Bro. Roe. Upon their return to 
the lodge-room, the following resolution was passed: 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this Fraternity be tendered to the ladies of Shaw- 
neetown, for their liberality, kindness, and sumptuousness in having a dinner 
provided for the occasion." 

PEORIA LODGE NO. 15. 

Raisings as follows : A. Wren, Feb. 3 ; Martin L. Tucker, April 13 ; 
Vivaldi W. Potter, May 11; John H. Rankin, May 14; W. F. Bryan, 
June 1; William H. Fessenden and William Compher, June 3; Clark 
Cleveland and Charles W. Hall, June 6; Moritz Brey and M. M. Webb, 
June 8; M. L. Leopold, Aug. 23. 

On the 3d of February, the officers elect were installed, Breth. Heyl 
and Hurd having been appointed Deacons. The financial condition of 
the Lodge did not appear good, as there was in the treasury but $9.65. 
The Lodge had in addition to this, one hundred dollars loaned out, 
which, as the record informs us, " was in process of collection in the 
Peoria Circuit Court." The Finance Committee reported $56 due the . 
Lodge from its members. 

It will be remembered that at the December meeting (1843), Bro. 
Heyl offered a resolution providing for the celebration of St. John's Day. 
At the meeting of March 2, this resolution was taken up, when it was 
decided " that the Lodge celebrate a day in June next," and appoint a 
committee of arrangements, who, on the 6th of March, published the 
following notice : 

" MASONIC CELEBRATION." 

" Peoria Lodge IS'o. 15, will celebrate the anniversary of the battle of Bunker 
Hill, and the death of Gen. Warren, first Grand Master of North America, in the 



250 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

town of Peoria, on Tuesday, the 18th day of June next. Neighboring Lodges are 
invited to attend as such, and all transient brethren in good standing will be 
cordially welcomed. 

" Committee of Arrangement, " J. C. HEYLE, 

A. O. GARRETT, 
A. M. HUNT." 

"P. S. A large political assemblage is to convene in Peoria on the day follow- 
ing, (19th). Should any of the delegates to said convention belong to our Fra- 
ternity, it is presumed they would be gratified in participating with us in the 
celebration, as it is expected the exercises of the day will be imposing. 
"PEORIA, March 6th, 1844." 

It was the political allusions contained in this notice and the letter of 
invitation sent Bodley Lodge, to which that Lodge objected. 

On the 30th of March, Bro..Metcalfe introduced a resolution providing 
that every candidate should state on his petition " that he has read and 
approved our by-laws." This is a good practice, and should be required 
of all Lodges. 

June 18, the celebration took place as intended. A copy of the pro- 
gramme of the occasion is pasted in the record before us. One hundred 
and one brethren were present. The procession left the hall at 10 
o'clock, and proceeded to the Methodist Church, where an oration was 
delivered by " Bro. Henderson, of Stark county," followed by an address 
from Bro. Sam'l H. Davis, " on the beauties of the Fellow Craft's 
degree." The Lodge and its visitors then returned to " Bro. Garrett's " 
(the Planter's House), where one hundred and thirteen were entertained. 

The ode used on this occasion we re-produce : 

1. 

" Sacred to Heaven, behold the dome appears ! 
Lo, what august solemnity it wears ! 
Angels themselves have deigned to deck the frame, 
And beauteous Sheba shall report its fame. 



'When the Queen of the South shall return 
To the climes which acknowledge her sway ; 
\Vhere the sun's warmer beams fiercely burn, 
The Princess with transport shall say, 
Well worth my journey, I've seen 
A Monarch both graceful and wise, 
Deserving the love of a Queen, 
And a Temple well worth the skies. 



"Open ye gates, receive a Queen who shares 
With equal sense your happiness and cares; 
Of riches much, but more of wisdom see, 
Proportion'd workmanship and Masonry. 



HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 251 

4. 

"O! charming Sheba, here behold 
What massy stores of burnished gold ! 
Yet richer is our art! 
Wisdom and beauty both combine, 
Our art to raise, our hearts to join! 
Give to Masonry the prize, 
Where the fairest choose the wise ; 
Beauty still shall wisdom love, 
Beauty and order reign above." 

August 17, the remains of Bro. Aquilla "Wren (raised Feb. 3), were 
interred with the honors of Masonic burial, in the "new Masonic burial 
ground." Thirty-three brethren were present at this funeral nearly 
the whole membership. On returning to the Lodge room, the following 
resolution was passed : 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this Lodge be tendered to Bro. William JTale 
for his liberal donation to the members and friends of Peoria Lodge No. 15, of 
the block on Jackson and Perry Streets." 

Broth. Eouse, Underbill, and Sweat were appointed a committee to 
see that the lot was properly surveyed, fenced, and otherwise taken 
care of. 

Sept. 28, Bro. Davis resigned, as Master, and Bro. Peter Sweat was 
elected, " he having passed the Oriental chair in a regular Lodge 
of Past Masters." The Lodge had up to this time been holding its 
meetings at Bro. Garrett's Hotel (the Planters House), but the meeting 
just referred to was held "over Bro. P. Sweat's store," 

Oct. 5, the Lodge met in its "new hall, corner of Washington and Ful- 
ton streets." 

The record of Oct. 26, bears upon it a plat of the block presented by 
Bro. Wm. Hale, for a burying ground (for which donation he was created 
an honorary member), by which it appears that it had been surveyed 
and laid off in lots, numbering in all 163. The plat was (or is) nearly 
square, one corner being cut off by "Isaac Underbill's Lane." But three 
of these lots are marked as being occupied, or owned. 

Dec. 27, the following officers were elected : Geo. T. Metcalfe, W. M.; 
John C. Heyl, S. W.; William Darst, J. W.; William E. Mason, Treas,; 
John H. Rankin, Sec.; George W. Rodecker, Tyler. 

The attendance upon the Lodge during the year averaged twenty-nine. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE NO. 16. 

But one brother was raised by this Lodge during 1844, viz.: Charles 
Kinsey, Jan. 4. 

May 21, an invitation was received from Peoria Lodge No. 15, to join 
with that Lodge in celebrating the anniversary of the battle of Bunker 
Hill, which was declined, owing to the distance of Vandalia from Peoria. 



252 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

June 19, semi-annual election. William Hodge "was elected W. M. 
by acclamation;" Quintus C. Alexander, S. W.; C. H. Hodge, J. W.; 
G. C. Wood, Treasurer; Wm. M. Black, Secretary; D. B. Hodge and 
J. T. B. Stapp, Deacons; Moses Phillips, Tyler. All these officers were 
elected unanimously, save the Treasurer. June 24, these officers were in- 
stalled. Dec. 9, the following officers were elected : Quintus C. Alex- 
ander, W. M.; C. H. Hodge, S. W.; G. C. Wood, J. W.; Abner Johnston, 
Treas.; William M. Black, Sec'y; Moses Phillips, Tyler. 

Dec. 16, the Lodge buried, with the usual ceremonies, Bro. William 
Hodge, late W. M. Dec. 27, the same sad rites were had over the mortal 
remains of Quintus C. Alexander, the Master of the Lodge. 

MACOMB LODGE NO. 17. 

Bro. James W. Bailey, July 13, was the only brother upon whom the 
Master's degree was conferred during the year. 

July 13, the following officers were elected : Joseph E. Wyne, W. M.; 
Thomas A. Brooking, S. W.; Cyrus A. Lawson, J. W.; Charles M. Bar- 
tleson, Treas.; Pinckney H. Walker, Sec'y; William Ervin, S. D.; Nelson 
Montgomery, J. D.; and George H. Eice, Tyler. These officers were not 
installed until Oct. 4, owing to the inability of Bro. Wyne to procure the 
Past Master's degree, which was finally done, and the officers installed. 

Dec. 26, another election was had, Grand Master Lusk presiding. 
Pinckney H. Walker was elected W. M.; William Ervin, S. W.; Joseph 
E. Wyne, J. W.; C. M. Bartleson, Treas.; Nelson Montgomery, Sec'y; 
John Anderson, Steward and Tyler. 

Dec. 27, Grand Master Lusk installed the officers, having conferred 
the Past Master's degree upon Bro. Walker. Ten dollars was voted to 
the subscription to compensate Bro. Wm. K. Stewart, for his services in 
the town of Macomb as " Preacher." 

LAFAYETTE LODGE NO. 18. 

This Lodge raised the following brethren during the year: W. B. 
Snowhook and J. L. Howe, "3d Monday in January"; E. L. Sherman 
and William Sheer, Feb. 17; D. J. Surdam, Feb. 20; J. J. Huntley, A. 
C. Taylor, P. P. Eobinson, and V. A. Boyer, March 18; Cornelius Lan- 
sing, March 25 ; Thomas Brooks, April 1 ; Getzler, June 3 ; Isaac N. 

Arnold, June 17; John J. Jackson, Aug. 20 ; Joshua Bell, Sept. 2; Isaac 
P. Hatfield, Oct. 1; John B. Irvin, Nov. 4; Charles R. Starkweather and 
W. S. Brown, Dec. 2 ; Lot Whitcomb, Dec. 3 ; Virgil H. Eachus, Dec. 11. 

On the 20th of May the Lodge was notified of the death of Bro. H. L. 
Gibson, a Fellow Craft. At this meeting it was 

"Resolved, That this Lodge is not furnished with the constitution (of the Grand 
Lodge); we will delay paying any more dues until they are furnished ; 

And the Secretary was directed to inform the Grand Master of the fact. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 253 

On the 17th of June the semi-annual election was held, resulting as 
follows: Carding Jackson was elected W. M.; H. W. Bigelow, S. W.; 
M. Taylor, J. W. ; Samuel J. Lowe, Treas. ; L. C. Kercheval, Sec. ; John 
Davis, S. D.; Alfred C.Taylor, J. D.; John Ferns, Tyler; R. Chester and 
R. J. Hamilton, Stewards. The Lodge refused to celebrate St. John's 
Day in a public manner, and ordered the installation of officers (which 
was June 24th) to be performed " with closed doors." At this meeting 
the petition for Belvidere Lodge was recommended. Sept. 2, Bro. Ker- 
cheval resigned his office as Secretary, when Bro. V. A. Boyer was 
elected to fill the vacancy, and on motion of Bro. W. F. Walker, a vote 
of thanks was tendered Bro. Kercheval. Nov.. 18, Bro. William Jack- 
son was initiated, the Lodge voting to charge no fee for his initiation, on 
account of services rendered the Lodge by his father, Carding Jackson. 

Dec. 2, Bro. Florence Mahoney presented the Lodge with a " Master's 
Carpet" for which a vote of thanks " was unanimously passed." At this 
meeting a " petition of sundry persons to form a new Lodge was pre- 
sented and acted upon, and petitioners recommended to the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois." We have no knowledge as to what Lodge this record 
alludes to, but presume it was Apollo No. 32. Dec. 16, another election 
was had, when Bro. Carding Jackson was elected W. M. ; M. Taylor, S. 
W. : Samuel J.Lowe, J. W. ; H. W. Bigelow, Treasurer; William S. 
Brown, Secretary ; Thomas Brooks and George B. Fearing, Deacons; 
Capt. J. Jackson and I. P. Hatfield, Stewards; I. P. Hatfield, Tyler. 

CLINTON LODGE NO. 19. 

As this Lodge made no returns in 1844, and we are not in possession of 
its records, we are at this time unable to give any information concern- 
ing it. 

HANCOCK LODGE NO. 20. 

This Lodge made the following return in 1844: Lewis Evans, W. M.; 
Benjamin Avise, S. W. ; Alexander Sympson, J. W. ; George Bailman, 
Sec.; Chauncey Robinson, Treas.; E. S. Freeman and Samuel Comer, 
Deacons ; Franklin J. Bartlett, Steward; Wm. G. Yetter, Tyler. 

Past Masters. Lewis Evans, B. A. Gallup, B. Avise. 

Master Masons. Thomas Burnett, William Daniel, Wesley Williams, 
R. T. Smith, 0. C. Skinner, David E. Head, George W. Thatcher, Har- 
ney L. Summers. 

Fellow Craft. Elihu Pembroke. 

Died. Andrew D. Bogua, August 14, 1844. 



254 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

WARSAW LODGE NO. 21. 

Three brethren were raised by this Lodge during 1844, viz. : William 
YJ>r_T.)_Head, July 22; J. C. Davis, Nov. 18; W. H. Roosevelt, Dec. 2. 
Dec. 19, the Lodge elected the following officers : A. J. Chittenden, W. 
M.; John Montague, S. W. ; J. Berry, J. W. ; Wm. H. Roosevelt, Treas.; 
H. Stephens, Sec.; Mark Aldrich, S. D.; Isham Cochran, J. D. ; German 
Andrews, Tyler. 

MILWAUKEE LODGE NO. 22. 
We are unable to afford any information regarding this Lodge. 

CASS LODGE NO. 23. 

This Lodge did not confer the third degree during the year 1844. No 
meetings were held in the months of December 1843, and January 1844. 
February 3, the following action was taken : 

" Bro. William Bassett moved that Cass Lodge No. 23 be removed to 
Beardstown, Cass county, Illinois, and that its regular meetings be here- 
after held at that place. The motion was seconded and thirded." 

On February 22, the motion was adopted, and the next meeting, 
(March 28) was held at Beardstown, where the Lodge has continued to 
meet up to the present time. No meetings held in April, June, Septem- 
ber, October, November and December. / 

ST. GLAIR LODGE NO. 24. 

The raisings reported by this Lodge during 1844 are: Moses Hart, 
Feb. 13 ; E. H. Talbot, April 2 ; Ausby Fike, Aug. 37; Timothy Hinck- 
ley, Sept. 3. April 2d, "a communication was received from the St. 
Louis Lodge of Secret Monitors, which was upon motion laid on the 
table." May 14, the Lodge decided that no brother should advance 
until proficient on the preceding degree. May 28, the petition for Mon- 
roe Lodge (28) was recommended. Bro. Taylor resigned as Secretary. 
June 11, we find the following recorded : 

"A communication was received from the Secretary of the Grand Lodge 
of Illinois, acknowledging the receipt of four dollars from St. Clair 
Lodge No. 24, by the hands of C. G. Y. Taylor, the Secretary, also notic- 
ing the conduct of Bro. , in participating in the procession had by 

the Lodges at Nauvoo, at the time their hall was dedicated. * * * 
On motion, a committee was appointed to investigate and collate the 
particulars in relation to Bro. 's conduct while at Nauvoo, in partici- 
pating in their Masonic procession. Bros. Taylor, Hook, and Mace 
were appointed said committee." An invitation was received from the 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. IT,', 

Lodge at Alton, requesting St. Clair Lodge to assist them in celebrating 
the 24th June, which was declined because the election of officers took 
place on the 25th. June 15, a like invitation was received from the 
Lodges at St. Louis, and disposed of in the same manner. June 25, the 
following officers were elected : George Kelly, W. M. ; Seth Catlin, S. 
W. ; George W. Hook, J. W. ; David Wilver, Treas.j J. Mace, Sec.; Julius 
Raith, S. D. ; J. L. D. Morrison, J. D. The election of Tyler was held 
over until the next meeting. An invitation extended by Monroe Lodge 
to celebrate the fourth of July on the 6th, was accepted. The case of the 
brother charged with associating with clandestine Masons of Nauvoo', 
was taken up and postponed indefinitely. July 9, the officers were in- 
stalled, and the committee on the K"auvoo matter reported as follows : 

" The committee appointed to investigate Bro. 's conduct while at Nauvoo, 

on a late excursion in an alleged participation in Masonic ceremonies with indi- 
viduals who were members of Masonic Lodges under arrest, and in fact, whose 
charter had been demanded, but which said Lodge very improperly refused to 
surrender to the authorities appointed to receive them, would most respect- 
fully state that it is a matter of great delicacy with them to report upon the 
conduct of one with whom they have been so long and favorably connected in Ma- 
sonic privileges, nevertheless they feel their paramount obligation to the Order 
whose honor has on this occasion been more particularly intrusted to their 
care, the ancient landmarks and usages of which it is the duty of all true Ma- 
sons to cultivate and perpetuate; therefore they hope no exceptions will be taken 
should the committee speak with that frankness, candor, and severity which 
the importance of the subject demands. First, then, it is evident that a principle 
which all true Masons recognize as a fundamental principle, the violation of 
which is most solemly interdicted, has by Bro. been violated, viz. : Hold- 
ing Masonic communion with clandestine Masons, which fact is received from 

Bro. 's letter to Bro. Helm of Springfield and to the G. S. at Jacksonville, 

which reads as follows: 

"'With the Masons at Nauvoo I associated in procession (not in work) attended 
their dedication ceremonies of the Masonic hall of Nauvoo as a Mason.' Bro. 

should have known that there is probably not an instance in the annals of 

the Order where a Masonic procession was had without the Lodge or Lodges 
being opened in some of the degrees, in fact it could not have been a Masonic 
procession otherwise. If otherwise it would have been a procession of Masons, 
which in regular Masonry is a very different thing. 

" If the above reasoning be. correct, and we think it is, then it follows that 

Bro. associated with those individuals in their Lodge capacity, and of course 

involved himself in their pretended Masonic labor, of whatsoever character it 
was, and also by his presence and association gave countenance to their illegal 
and contumelious operations. The above facts necessarily present the following 
inquiry to the mind: Did Bro. knowingly commit the above named viola- 
tion ? Bro. -> states in his letter ' having heard previous to my visit there, that 
they labored under the disagreeable sentence of suspension from the G. L. of 
Ills, <tc., I cautiously approached there any association. Inquiry was made if 
they labored under the sentence, the answer was positively no ! producing the 
dispensation and declaring it had not been demanded by proper authority, and 



256 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

lurther stated that no cause existed for suspension. Under those assertions, 1 
felt at ease.' 

" Our first business is with the first part of the above extract, viz. : ' Having 
heard previous to my visit there that they labored under the disagreeable sen- 
tence of suspension from the G. L. of Ills.' Now the proof is clear that Bro. 

knew as well as he ever knew any historic fact, that their operations had been 
by the authority of the Grand Lodge interdicted. It is worse than useless on 
his part to plead ignorance or any other circumstance as a refuge. The subter- 
fuge is too weak to receive attention for a moment. The committee will, however, 
give the facts which prove his knowledge in relation to the disability under 
which those Lodges labored. First, our W. M. had received the information 
from the officers of the Grand Lodge personally, and had communicated it to 

our Lodge. Secondly, Bro. endeavored to vouch for the admission of a Mr. 

Younger into our Lodge, which the Lodge refused to admit because he was 

a member of one of those Lodges which were illegally working. Bro. 

stoutly contended for the admission of his friend, but was peremptorily denied 

because the individual occupied the position of a clandestine Mason. Bro. 

is well aprised of every fact urged in the premises at the time. Thirdly, the 
Secretary of his own Lodge cautioned him particularly the day before he start- 
ed for Nauvoo, not to have any Masonic connection with the Nauvoo Masons, 
reminding Bro. of the interdiction of the Grand Lodge in their case. 

" Next we come to the second clause of the above extract, which reads thus : ' I 
cautiously approached there, any association. Inquiry was made if they labored 
under this sentence. The.answer was positively no! producing the dispensation 
and declaring it had not been demanded by proper authority.' 

"Bro. also states in his letter to Dr. Helm and the Grand Secretary, that 

he read a copy of a letter detained in Helm Lodge (Nauvoo) responsive to the 
demand of the G. L. of 111. for their dispensation. Your committee can not see 
that Bro. evinced much caution in the matter; if he had, certainly the re- 
sponse of Helm Lodge to the G. L., as well in fact as in tone, together with the 
facts he received from his own immediate brethren, should have convinced him 
there was something wrong, and of necessity that wrong must be with the sub- 
ordinate Lodges, as their life and existence depended upon the G. Lodge, from 
from which all legal authority emanates, the mere intimation from the G. Ledge 
for her subordinates to suspend or deliver their warrants on the part of the sub- 
ordinate Lodges, should be met with courtesy and obedience, and by individual 
Masons respected and honored. 

"After the officers of the Grand Lodge had demanded their dispensation, it 
was an insult on the part of Helm Lodge, still to call upon the Grand Lodge 
for authority to stop them in their work. And it is heaping insult upon insult 
for an individual Mason, after having set at naught the will of the G. Lodge, to 
reiterate the call for proper authority to investigate the Nauvoo difficulties. The 
committee have indulged in this seeming digression to show that in the faco of 

the clearest facts proving the illegal operations of the Nauvoo Lodges, Bro. 

wishes to justify and exonerate himself by taking the position of a mediator 
calling for investigation by the G. Lodge, as though she had acted arbitrarily 
and ignorantly in the premises. 

"The committee do not wish to indulge in mere conjectures, but it does seern 

that Bro. was determined to participate in the Nauvoo display, though he 

should do it in contravention of the usages of Masonry, if so he could but es- 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 257 

cape the expressed condemnation of the Order. We think this is evident from 
the fact that he stated to several before he left Belleville that he proposed going 
to Nauvoo to participate in the dedication of the Masonic hall erecting there, 
and also from the fact that he took his Masonic regalia with him for the occa- 
sion. Your committee are aware that no good end would be answered by in- 
flicting punishment upon an individual who had acted innocently or ignorantly 
in the premises, yet where there is a flagrant violation of the principles of the 
Institution, it should be met with rigor and severity. We feel, from the facts 

which have been stated, that Bro. acted knowingly in the case, and most 

willfully violated Ancient Masonic usage. 

" In view of the above, your committee feel it their duty to offer the following 
resolutions : 

"1st. Resolved, That Bro. , by participating with the Nauvoo Lodges in 

procession, 4c., treated the authorities of the G. Lodge with contempt and vio- 
lated an ancient established principle of the Fraternity. 

"2d. Resolved, That as Bro. has acted unmasonically as is shown, by 

the above report, and expressed in tlie resolution preceding this, the Lodge 
deal with him according to Masonic usages in the Fraternity. 
Dated June 14th, 1844. " C. G. Y. TAYLOR, 

G. W. HOOK, 
J. MACE. 



|- Committee." 



The sentence, as assessed, was then carried into execution. Oct. 2, 
the delegates to the Grand Lodge were directed to vote for the removal 
of the Grand Lodge to Springfield. 

PIASA LODGE NO. 27. 

The first meeting of this Lodge of which we have any record, was held 
October 15th, 1844, at which time the following brethren were present: 

"DAVID ALLEN, Worshipful Master. 
TIMOTHY SOUTHER, Senior Warden. 
SAM'L G. BALEY, Junior Warden. 
J. C. KETCHAM, Secretary. 
ISHAM HARDY, Treasurer. 
J. W. SCHWEPPE, Senior Deacon. 
S. R. DOLBEE, Junior Warden. 
WESLEY POLAND, Tyler. 

" BRETHREN. 

"EDWARDS and WATSON. 

" VISITIXO BRETHREN. 

"DODGE, MAXEY, LEBOLD, BOSTWICK, HIBBARD, CLARK, DOW, 
HUNTER." 

All the visiting brethren were from Franklin Lodge No. 22. 

No formal organization was had, the Lodge going right to work by con- 
ferring the Master's degree upon N. G. Edwards. The Master's degree 
was conferred upon Breth. L. F. Morin, Nov. 5; J. D. Pearce, Nov. 14; 
Edward Keating, Dec. 24. 

November 21, Bro. Charles Howard dedicated the hall, constituted the 
Lodge, and installed the officers. St. John's Day (Dec. 27) was appro- 
priately celebrated by Piasa and Franklin Lodges. 

17 



258 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE GRAND 
LODGE OF MISSOURI. 



FAR WEST, NO. 29, AT GALENA. 

Raisings reported, Myetr, April 27; Oliver, May 25. 

Dec. 26, the following officers were elected : H. H. Gear, W. M.; Robert 
Thompson, S. W.; Mathew Fawcett, J. W.; John E. Smith, Treas.: 
M. Y. Johnson, Sec.; Wm. B. Whiteside, S. D.; James Armon, J. D.; 
J. P. De Zoya and Hoack, Stewards; Wm. M. Campbell, Tyler. 

On the 13th December, the following letter was written : 

" GALENA, December 13th, 1844. 
""To the Grand Lodge of Missouri: 

"The undersigned, appointed a committee at a regular meeting of Far West 
ILodge 29, held in the city of Galena, on the 23d of November, A. L. 5844, to collect 
the dues of the members and remit to the Grand Lodge, would respectfully 
^represent unto your Ancient Order that, owing to many causes, this Lodge has not 
.prospered, but regular meetings have been held, at which little or no business 
has been done; that the records of the Lodge have been indifferently kept; that 
it is now next to impossible to determine who are the members at this time, 
some having demitted, and others removed from the State, with very many 
having joined the Dubuque and Platteville Lodges, where they are now paying 
dues. They have thought proper, with the abstract of the proceedings herewith 
sent, to send the names of those belonging to the Lodge whose names are sub- 
scribed to the constitution, and with their names, the dues for two years of the 
members in arrears. By so doing, we will be rendering to the Grand Lodge an act 
of justice, and placing ourselves in a situation to exert an influence in carrying 
out the object of the Order: 

" The names of members Charles Gear, A. T. Crow, Geo. M. Mitchell, William 
B. Whiteside, Joseph Doplar, M. Fawcett, Daniel Wann, T. B. Farnsworth, 
William M. Campbell, John McNulty, J. B. Latham, Richard Patterson, Robert 
Thomson, A. C. Davis, Hezekiah H. Gear, Edward W. Turner, E. F. Ogden, T. C. 
Legate, and Nicholas Wall; being $26.50 due the Grand Lodge, at seventy-five 
cents a year. We herewith enclose you a draft for the amount, which you will 
please accept, and credit this Lodge with the amount. 

" We are also directed to request of the Grand Lodge an acquittance, so we can 
join the Grand Lodge of this State, or Wisconsin, they being much more con- 
venient to this Lodge. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

' Yours fraternally, 
(Signed.) "M. V. JOHNSON, 

ROBERT THOMSON." 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 259 

MARION, NO. 59, AT SALEM. 

Raisings reported, Franklin Conant, S. Joseph Wronowski, and W. A. 
Thomas, April 9 ; Abner F. Haynie and II. M. Grant, July 8; Samuel J. 
Hunn, Dec. 24; Wm. J. Stephenson, Dec. 27. 

March 11, the following election was had: W. II. H. Barnes, W. M.; 
H. P. Boyakin, S. W.; J. A. Goudy, J. W.; Van Tramp Turner, Treas.; 
H. S. Mills, Sec. At the meeting of June 10, Stephen "W. B. Carnegy, 
Grand Master of Missouri, presided. 

July 8, the Lodge held another election, resulting as follows: 
Henderson P. Boyakin, W. M.; A. F. King, S. W.; Ira Potter, J. W.; 
S. J. Wronowski, Treas.; H. S. Mills, Secretary. On August 27, Isaac G. 
Barr was initiated, and Sept. 12, the Lodge performed the melancholy 
duty of interring his remains. The usual resolutions of sorrow and 
respect were passed, also the following : 

"It was unanimoutly resolved, That we do believe it to be the duty of this 
Lodge to guard especially the minor children of deceased Bro. Isaac G. Barr, 
and to see that they are properly educated." 

Nov. 11, the Lodge held another election, making the third in one 
year. The officers, with the exception of Master and Senior Warden, 
were re-elected Breth. Barnes and King exchanging stations. 

Franklin and Hillsboro Lodges made no return to the Grand Lodge in 
1844, consequently we are unable to extend any information concerning 
them. 



CHAPTER XVIII 



1845. 



GRAND LODGE. 

The sixth annual communication of the Grand Lodge was held at 
Jacksonville, on Monday, October 6th, 1845. 

"PRESENT: 

"M. W. LEVI LUSK, Grand Master. 
R. W. NELSON D. MORSE, Sr. Gr. Warden, p. t. 
" " WILLIAM LAV ELY, Jr. Gr. Warden, p. t. 
" " and Rev. W. F. WALKER, Gr. Chaplain, p. t. 
" " PHILIP COPFMAN, Gr. Treasurer. 
" " A. C. DICKSON, Gr. Secretary, p. t. 

" JAMES L. ANDERSON, Sr. G. Deacon. 

" NATHAN DRESSER, Jr. Gr. Deacon, p. t. 

" EDGAR BOGARDUS, Gr. Sw. Bearer, p. t. 

" WILLIAM ERVIN, Gr. Pursuivant, p. t. 

" JOHN GREGORY, Gr. Tyler. 
M. W. ALEX. DUNLAP, Past Gr. Master. 

" REPRESENTATIVES : 

" WILLIAM S. HURST, J. W., Harmony Lodge No. 3, 
Z. P. CABANIS, proxy, J. W., Springfield Lodge No. 4. 
WILLIAM LAVELY, W. M. No. 4, and proxy for Macon Lodge No. &. 
JAMES L. ANDERSON, W. M. No. 9. 

Rev. W. F. WALKER, proxy, S. W., Joliet, No. 10, and W. M. St. John's, No. 13. 
AVILLIAM STUART, proxy, 8. W., Joliet, No. 10. 
JOHN GREGORY, proxy, S. W., St. John's, No. 13. 
EDGAR BOGARDUS, W. M., No. 13. 
WILLIAM ERVIN, W. M., No. 17. 
NATHAN DRESSER, proxy, S. W., No. 17. 
LEMUEL SMITH, J. W., No. 17. 
NELSON D. MORSE, W. M., No. 26. 

" VISITORS : 

"SAMUEL STONE and JOSEPH G. CASSELL, of No. 3. 
CHARLES W. CHATTERTON and DAVID LOGAN, of No. 4." 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 261 

Of these representatives, Breth. Walker and Stuart, who represented 
No. 10, were members of 0/iental and Apollo Lodges, U. D., at Chicago; 
John Gregory, who represented No. 13, was a member of No. 3; and 
Wm. Lavely, who represented No. 8, was a member of No. 4. 

The Grand Lodge being opened, and the reading of the minutes of the 
last communication dispensed with, the Grand Master delivered the 
following address : 

"BRETHREN: I regret very much that circumstances over which I had no 
control were such that I was not able to collate and throw into form some of the 
most important portions of our foreign correspondence, together with a report 
of my own actings and doings as Grand Master, as a kind of annual communica- 
tion from the Chair, for the action of the Grand Lodge. I am, however, con- 
strained, under the circumstances, to content myself with selecting but one or 
two of my acts, in which I conceive are embraced vital principles, for the approval 
or disapproval of this Grand Lodge in similar cases that may hereafter arise. 

"I received a communication a few weeks ago from a worthy brother, pro- 
pounding several queries upon the following premises, viz.: A man had been 
initiated and passed to the second degree, and upon application to be raised, 
was rejected. Query: Can he take the degree in any Lodge without the unani- 
mous consent of this Lodge ? Until after twelve months, can he be ballotted for 
in this? To which I answered, in substance, that a rejection upon a ballot for a 
degree did not amount to a suspension or expulsion from a Lodge, nor did it 
divest the applicant of the rights, privileges, or benefits of the degree or degrees 
which he might have taken; that if he was rejected for want of skill, whenever 
he perfected himself in the degree or degrees he had taken, he had a right to 
demand and receive a higher degree, unless there were other objections; in 
that case, the objections should be embodied in the form of charges, to which 
he should be required to answer. I also decided that it would be highly improper 
for another Lodge to confer the degree, without the consent of the Lodge which 
had rejected him. 

" One other matter I will lay before the Grand Lodge. At the last grand com- 
munication a committee was appointed, at the suggestion of the Committee on 
Petitions and Grievances, to repair to Keokuk and make certain investigations, 
and report to the Grand Master. Bro. Montague, of Warsaw, and two others 
were appointed. Some time after, Bro. Montague informed me that it was not 
convenient for them to act, and requested me to appoint others. I named to 
him several brothers in that neighborhood, and authorized him to select and 
appoint two to act with him, and report to me. I do not know what his action 
has been. I submit the foregoing for the action of the Grand Lodge." 

He then reported granting four dispensations for new Lodges one at 
Barry, Pike county; two at Chicago (Apollo and Oriental); and one at 
" Charleston, Coles county, by the name of Morning Star." 

So much of the address as related to decisions, was referred to Breth 
Walker (33), Anderson (9), and Bogardus (14). 

The following committees were then appointed : 

To Examine Visitors. Bogardus (14), Hurst (3), and Stuart (32). 

On Lodges U. D. Morse (26), Anderson (9), and Lavely (4). 



262 HISTORY OF MASONliY IN ILLINOIS. 

The latter committee were enjoined by the Grand Master to report in 
the afternoon, so that the Lodges reported upon by them might be ad- 
mitted to representation by their delegates. 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned until 2 o'clock P. M. 

MONDAY AFTERNOON, Oct. 6th, 1845. 
The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present, as in the 

morning, with the addition of: 

I 
" JOHN C. HEYLE, S. W., Peoria No. 15. 

GEORGE T. BROWN, proxy for W. M., No. 25, (Franklin), and 8. W. of No 27. 

W. H. GAYLE, proxy W. M., No. 28. 
JOHNR. CRANDALL, W. M., No. 29. 
JOSEPH JACKSON, S. W., Barry U. D. 
FRANCIS A. McNEILL, P. M., No. 4." 

The Committee on Lodges U. D. made report recommending the 
granting of charters to Morning Star Lodge No. 30, Jefferson Lodge as 
Mt. Vernon No. 31, Apollo Lodge No. 32, and Oriental Lodge No. 33, 
when Adam Brewer was admitted as the representative of No. 30, Wil- 
liam W. Bennett No 31, William Stuart No. 32, and W. F. Walker 
No. 33. 

The following standing commit ees were appointed : 

On Chartered Lodges. Cabauis (4), Ervin (17), and Hurst (3). 

On Petitions and Grievances. Heyl(15), Ervin (17), and Gayle (28). 

On Finances and Accounts. Dresser (17), Morse (26), and Stuart 
(32). 

On Foreign Communications. Walker (33), Crandall (29), and Dunlap 
(3). 

At Bro. Dunlap's request, he was excused from attending the last 
named committee, whereupon the Grand Lodge substituted the Grand 
Master in his place. 

Bro. McNeill offered the following resolutions, which were tabled: 

"Resolved, That in the judgment of this Grand Lodge, there may occur cases 
of emergency, in which the degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft, and 
Master Mason, may be conferred without requiring the petition of the applicant 
to lie over the usual time; and that the several Lodges, working under the 
jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge, are hereby authorized to exercise their dis- 
cretion in reference to such cases, observing, at the same time, the utmost 
caution and prudence, so that the ancient regulations of the Order, requiring 
petitions for initiation to lie over one month, be not set aside for light or trivial 
causes. 

"Resolved, That any resolution of this Grand Lodge contrary to the above is 
hereby jepealed." 

Bro. Walker offered the following resolution, which was laid over for 
consideration : 

"Resolved, That thfl Lodges under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge be and 
are herebv instructed to require of every candidate initiated, that he perfect 
himself in the lecture appertaining to the First Degree, before being passed to the 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 2G3 

Second ; and in that of the Second before being raised to the Third ; and in (hat 
of the Third Degree within one year from the time of his being rais&l; and that 
he satisfy the brethren by examination in open Lodge, of his being so pn-fected ; 
and that the Worshipful Master of each Lodge is expected to provide for such 
instruction being given in each case as is contemplated by this resolution." 

The following preamble and resolution, offered by Bro. Lavely, were 
adopted : 

"WHEREAS, The constitution of this Most Worshipful Grand Lodge declares 
that 'all questions and elections shall be decided by a majority of the votes 
given,' and does not authorize the passage of any by-laws inconsistent there- 
with ; therefore be it. 

"Resolved, That so much of the ICth section of the By-Laws adopted by this 
Grand Lodge as requires 'a majority of two-thirds of the votes present' to adopt 
any proposed amendment thereto, is inconsistent with, and in violation of, the 
constitution of this Most Worshipful Grand Lodge, and is hereby declared to be 
null and void." 

The following, on motion of Bro. Walker, was adopted: 

"Resolved, As the sense of this Grand Lodge, that in conferring the First and 
Third Degrees, it is not proper to introduce more than one candidate at one and 
the same time." 

There seems to have been some difficulty regarding charter fees, for 
in the record appears the following, which was laid ovr for considera- 
tion : 

"Resolved, That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge, that fifteen dollars only is 
required by Sec. 7, of the By-Laws, for a dispensation, and seven dollars only, 
additional for a charter, including Grand Secretary's fee, and that in all cases 
where a greater sum has been paid, the Grand Treasurer be, and he is hereby 
instructed to refund such surplus, and to call on the Grand Secretary for an 
adjustment of the same with the Grand Lodge." 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to seven o'clock. 



MONDAY EVENING, Oct. 6th, 1845. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present, as in the 
morning, with the addition of a "great many visitors, residents of Jack- 
sonville, together with J. R. Fayerweather, of Des Moines Lodge No. 1, 
Dubuque, Iowa." 

The Grand Lodge having resumed its labors, Breth. Walker and Stuart 
were invited to rehearse the lectures in the first, second and third degrees. 
Those of the first and second were rehearsed, but a want of time pre- 
vented the recital of those of the third. 

" The lectures, as rehearsed by these brethren, were commended by 
the Grand Master, and unanimously adopted by the Grand Lodge." 

The Grand Lodge was then adjourned to 8 o'clock Tuesday morning. 

TUESDAY MORNING, Oct 7th, 1845. 
The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment, with the addition of 



264 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"JAMES H. RALSTON, S. W., No. 1. 
LOUIS WATSON, proxy J. W., No. 1. 
\V. J. DEHAVEN, proxy W. M., No. 23. 
R. F. KIPPEN BURG, proxy S. W., No 23. 
WILLIAM S. HURST, proxy for No. 16." 

The Grand Lodge having resumed its labors, Bro. Ralston presented a 
petition from Bro. Charles Steinagle, and others, of Quincy, asking for a 
dispensation for a new Lodge, to work in the German language, which 
was referred to the Committee on Petitions and Grievances 

The resolutions offered by Bro. Walker, on the day previous, were 
taken up and adopted. 

The report of the Grand Treasurer, (which we here give) was pre- 
sented and referred to the Committee on Finance : 

" P. COFFMAN, Treasurer, <tc., in account with 

the Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois : Dr. 

"Oct. 5th, 1841, to this amount of cash of Grand Secretary $129 00 

" " 1842, " " " " " " 120 00 

" " 1843, " " " " " " 318 66 

" 10th, 1844, " " " " " " 282 35 



Total $819 91 

CONTRA. 

'Oct. 4th, 1841, by amount paid to Bro. Adams $ 50 00 

" 1842, " " " for printing 5075 

" " 1843, " " " Bro. Nye, charity fund 25 (0 

" " " " " " for printing 17 00 

" " 1844, " " " Grand Lecturer 25 00 

"Jan. 9th, " " " " Bro. Putnam for printingconstitutions.... 1000 

" Bro. Hodge for printing proceedings 4068 

"Sept. 3d, " " " " James Adams in full account 11080 

" " " " " " Grand Marshal 20 50 

" " " " " " Grand Tyler 10 25 

'Oct.lOth, " " " " Grand Tyler for services 917 

Dec. 4th, " " " " charity to Bro. Semerville 1000 

' Jan. 10th, 1845, " " " Geo. Henry, charity 3000 

"Feb. llth, " " " " for printing oration 22 00 

"Mc'h. 4th, " " " " Henry's bill for work 750 

" 10th, " " " " Sweet for printing 49 00 

" By balance in my hands 362 2G 



"Total $849 91 

"All of which is respectfully submitted, 

" P. COFFMAN, Grand Treas. 
" October 6th 1845." 

The Grand Lodge then went into an election of officers, resulting as 
follows : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 265 

"REV. WILLIAM F. WALKER, Chicago, M. W. Grand Master. 
NELSON D. MORSE, Henderson, R. W. Dep. Grand Master. 
EDGAR BOGARDUS, Shawneetown, R. W. Sr. Grand Warden. 
JOHN R. CRANDALL, Pekin, R. W. Jr. Grand Warden." 

At this point the election was suspended, in order to take up amend- 
ments of by-laws. 

The amendment in relation to the striking out of the first section the 
word "Jacksonville," and to insert "Alton," and the same amendment 
in regard to Peoria were tabled temporarily. 

The amendment to strikeout '-Jacksonville" and insert " Quincy," 
and the amendment to the amendment to strike out "Jacksonville" 
and insert " Springfield," were put to vote and lost. 

The amendment to strike out "Jacksonville" and insert "Spring- 
field," was taken up, pending the consideration of which the Grand 
Lodge adjourned to two o'clock. 

TUESDAY AFTERNOON, Oct. 7, 1845. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present : As in the 
morning, with the addition of 

Carding Jackson, D. G. M., and W. M. No. 18 ; John Bailhache, proxy, J. W. 
No. 27. 

The Committee on Lodges TJ. D. made an additional report, recom- 
mending the granting of a charter to Barry Lodge as No. 34, and recom- 
mending that so much of their by-laws as permitted the Lodge to receive 
petitions from persons rejected in other Lodges, after a lapse of twelve 
months from said rejection, be amended so as to require permission from 
the Grand Master or the Lodge that rejected the applicant. 

The report was adopted, and Bro. Joseph Jackson. S. W. of No. 34, 
admitted as its representative. 

The amendment to the by-laws to strike out "Jacksonville" and in- 
sert " Springfield," was taken up and lost. 

The cities of Alton and Peoria shared the same fate. A motion to 
reconsider as regarded Peoria, was also lost. 

The Committee on the Grand Master's Address made report as follows : 

" The committee to whom was referred so much of the Grand Master's ad- 
dress, as relates to certain queries propounded to him, regarding the refusal to 
an applicant, by a subordinate Lodge, of a subsequent degree, after such Lodge 
has conferred upon him the First or Second, beg leave respectfully to report : 

'That they have had the subject referred to them under consideration, and 
would submit as follows: 

' In the opinion of your committee, the views of the M. W. Grand Master are 
strictly Masonic and just. The rule of this Grand Lodge requires that every 
petition for admission to our Masonic institution, before being acted upon, shall 
have been in possession of the subordinate Lodge to which it maybe addressed, 
at least one month. 



266 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"This rule, adhered to, effectually guards such Lodge against being at any 
time surprised into an election before due opportunity shall have been afforded 
to investigate the character and standing of the petitioner, and all its members 
have been notified of the application. For, if the petition be not presented, as it 
should be, at a regular meeting of the Lodge, such a meeting must inevitably 
occur between its reception and the balloting, i. e.: Where the regular meetings 
are not held less seldom than once a month, which is no where the case, it is 
believed, in this jurisdiction; and as every member of a Lodge is supposed to 
be in his place at the regular meetings, as required by the constitutions, every 
member is thus fully and duly notified of all applications, and warned that his 
action will be permitted on them. If, then, when the ballot is ordered in a 
certain case, it be found clear in favor of the applicant, he is, and is to be de- 
clared to be elected, and entitled to the degrees and mysteries of Freemasonry, 
as he shall qualify himself to receive them, unless by after apostacy from duty 
he should subject himself to censure and discipline. From the time of the 
candidates initiation, every Mason is bound to hold his peace in regard to ob- 
jections which might have previously been urged against him. He may, and 
should be stayed upon either degree until his proficiency therein qualifies him 
for being passed or raised, as the case may be, but not stopped, except for 
dereliction in duty, subsequent to his admission to the Order, or to the degree 
last taken : in which case it is the duty of the Lodge to see that charges em- 
bracing the same are preferred, the matter investigated, and action had in ac- 
cordance with the result. In no case may a subordinate Lodge justly or Mason- 
icly refuse the subsequent degrees to any one whom it has initiated, for causes 
alleged to have existed prior to initiation." 

"It is almost needless for your committee to observe that private or personal 
feeling should never be allowed to influence in the discharge of the solemn duty 
of voting on a question regarding the conferring of degrees. It being the internal 
qualifications of a man that recommend him to be a Mason, the inquiry should 
always be as to such qualifications, without respect to other and adventitious 
circumstances which may have excited feelings or enlisted prejudices. If tried 
by the 'Great Light' in our profession, the candidate be found to be of good 
report, the duty of all true Masons is clear in the case; and when his prayer has 
been once answered affirmatively, and steps have been taken in accordance 
therewith, there may, as already stated, in the opinion of your committee, 
thereafter be no arrest, but for causes which may have sprung into existence 
subsequently. 

"Those Lodges which have provided in their by-laws that 'an unanimous 
ballot shall be necessary for each degree,' should, in the opinion of your com- 
mittee, interpret said provisions in accordance therewith, or alter the same so 
as to require a vote instead of a ballot for the second and third degrees, in order 
that the cause of objections at any time arising to a candidate, may be at once 
arrived at; that if it be for the want of suitable proficiency, it may be removed 
by further instruction ; if for dereliction in duty, that charges may be preferred 
and an investigation be had. 

" Your committee are of the opinion that it would be a wholesome rule for this 
Grand Lodge to observe, that no candidate who has once been rejected shall be 
balloted for again in the same Lodge, unless there be present all who were 
present at the time of his rejection; and not in another Lodge within this juris- 
diction in less than twelve months, and not thereafter without permission of the 
Grand Master, and of the Lodge which rejected him. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 267 

"Such are the views of your committee, sustaining entirely the opinion of the 
51. W. Grand Master, embraced in the portion of his address referred to them. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted, with the following resolution, which is 
recommended for adoption : 

"Resolved, That the privileges of our Institution are embraced in the three 
degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft, and Master Mason, to which a. 
single ballot in favor of a candidate fully entitles him, and the last two of which 
he may receive when qualified by suitable proficiency, unless by apostacy from 
duty after the degree last taken, "he be proved unworthy. 



"W. F. WALKER, 
JAMES L. ANDERSON 
E. BOGARDUS." 



, > Committee." 



The report was accepted, and together with the resolution adopted. 

This was good law, when the "one ballot system" prevailed, but 
now that three separate and distinct elections, or a ballot for each 
degree, is the law, the report just quoted would hardly stand as law. 
So much of it, however, as states that advancement should not be 
denied for causes which existed prior to initiation, has been greatly modi- 
fied. An E. A. or F. C. may be denied advancement, and if the Lodge 
choose, tried and punished, for offenses committed prior to initiation or 
passing, but which did not come to the knowledge of the Lodge until 
after the conferring of the degree or degrees. The Lodges, under the 
ruling just given, were required to ascertain the objection existing 
against the candidate, and take steps accordingly. There has been, in 
this, a radical change. An objection now, is as sacred, and is to be kept 
as secret, as the ballot, and a mason has no more right to ask the reasons 
for the objection than he has to ask who cast a black-ball, or for what cause 
it was cast. 

After the adoption of this report, the Grand Lodge resumed the elec- 
tion of officers : 

JAMES L. ANDERSON, Rushville, R. W. Grand Treasurer. 
LEVI LUSK, Rushville, R. W. Grand Secretary. 
WILLIAM STUART, Chicago, R, W. Grand Orator. 
Rev. CHARLES V. KELLY, Ottawa, R. W. Grand Chaplain. 
JOHN GREGORY, Jacksonville, W. Grand Tyler. 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to seven o'clock P. M. 



TUESDAY EVENING, Oct. 7, 1845. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. The same officers,, 
members, and visitors were present as in the morning and afternoon. 

Bro. Stuart moved to amend the by-laws by striking out Monday as the 
day of meeting, and inserting Wednesday. 

An amendment to change the time of meeting from October to June- 
was also introduced. 

These amendments were laid over for one year. 



268 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"The M. W. Grand Master, by request of the Grand Lodge, gave a 
lecture on the third degree, and exemplified the same with work." 

This record is such as would mislead the reader. The degree was con- 
ferred by the Grand Master at the time, Bro. Lusk, and not the Grand 
Master elect, as it would seem to imply. In the conferring of this 
degree he was assisted by Breth. Walker and Stuart. 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to eight o'clock Wednesday morning. 

WEDNESDAY MORNING, Oct. 8, 1845. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present : Officers, 
members, and visitors as on the day previous. 

The Committee on Lodges U. D. made an additional report, recom- 
mending the granting of a charter to Morning Star Lodge, as Charleston 
Lodge No. 35. The reason for the change of name in this instance, 
was owing to the fact that Lodge No. 30 bore the name of Morning Star. 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges reported the returns of Lodges 
Nos. 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, correct. Those of 
N"o. 29 were reported as being irregular. 

The Committee on Petitions and Grievances reported favorably upon 
the petition of certain brethren at Quincy, asking for a dispensation for 
a new Lodge at Quincy, to work in the German language, which dispen- 
sation was accordingly granted. 

On motion of Bro. McNeill, the Grand Master elect was constituted a 
committee to revise the constitution and by-laws of the Grand Lodge, 
and report at the next annual communication. 

Bro. Lavely offered the following: 

"Resolved, That the Constitution of this Grand Lodge be so amended as to 
strike out the following: 'No alteration shall take place in this Constitution, 
except in the manner following: Every amendment shall be proposed in writ- 
ing, at a regular communication of the Grand Lodge, a fair copy of which shall 
be sent by the Grand Secretary to each of the subordinate Lodges, who shall 
pass or reject the same, and certify their proceedings at the next regular com- 
munication, when, if it appear that two-thirds of the subordinate Lodges have 
agreed to pass the same, it shall become a part of this Constitution.' " 

The object of Bro. Lavely in moving the above alteration, as stated, 
was to effect the repeal of the article embraced in his proposed altera- 
tion by the next annual commuication of this Grand Lodge, in order 
thereby to throw open the constitution for such alterations as the Grand 
Lodge might then see fit to adopt on the report of the Committee on Con- 
stitution and By-Laws, without that farther delay which would be 
necessary, if the proposed alteration was not made, in order to submit 
each proposed amendment thereafter to the several subordinate Lodges. 

The elected grand officers were then installed. 

A bill of $102.25, for jewels, was allowed and ordered paid. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 269 

Bro. Brown moved to change the time of meeting from first Monday 
in October to the fourth Wednesday in June, which was laid over one 
year. 

Bro. Stewart (32) offered the following, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That no Lodge under this jurisdiction shall initiate any candidate 
for a less sum than $7; nor pass to the degree of Fellow Craft, for a less sum 
than $3 ; nor raise to the sublime degree of Master Mason, for a less sum than 
$5 ; and that the three degrees shall in no case be conferred upon any one for a 
less sum than $15: Provided, That any Lodge may confer the degrees without 
fees upon any acknowledged minister of the Gospel ; and in no case shall a de- 
gree be conferred by any Lodge upon credit, but the fees must be actually paid 
at or before the time of admission to any degree." 

An amendment to the by-laws was also introduced, providing that $2 
should be paid for each brother raised, and to strike out so much relat- 
ing to proxies as required the brother receiving the proxy to be equal 
or superior rank to the brother granting the same, and insert the words 
" Master Mason." 

The following amendment was offered by Bro. Lavely : 

"Resolved, That the first section of the by-laws be so amended as to read that 
from and after the adoption of this resolution, the Grand Lodge at each annual 
communication, shall fix the place of holding its annual communication." 

And, as representative of Macon Lodge No. 8, he offered the following: 

"Resolved, That the llth section of the by-laws be amended by striking out 
Jacksonville and inserting Decatur." 

Bro. Carding Jackson moved to amend Sec. 11 of the by-laws by 
striking out all after the word " convenient." The portion sought to be 
stricken out was that prohibiting Lodges from making public suspen- 
sions and expulsions. 

These amendments were laid over for one year. 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges was directed to investigate a 
report that Warsaw Lodge No. 21 had conferred the three degrees upon 
certain persons under indictment for crime at the time of such con- 
ferring. 

The Grand Lodge was then adjourned to 2 o'clock P. M. 

WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, Oct. 8, 1845. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present, as in the 
morning. 

The following appointments were made: 

CHARLES H. LARRABEE, Chicago, Deputy Grand Secretary. 

WILLIAM LAVELY. Springfield, Senior Grand Deacon. 

NATHAN DRESSER, Petersburg, Junior Grand Deacon. 

JOHN H. HOLTON, Quincy, Grand Marshal. 

JOHN C. HEYL, Peoria, Grand Steward. 

SAMUEL H. DAVIS, Peoria, Grand Steward. 

WILLIAM IRVLV, Macomb, Grand Sword Bearer. 1 ! 

R. F. KIPPINBURG, Beardstown, Grand Pursuivant. 

JOHN BARNEY, Chicago, Grand Lecturer. 



270 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges reported the returns of No. 7 
correct. 

The following, offered by Bro. Anderson, was adopted: 

"Resolved, That the resolution adopted by this Grand Lodge relative to fees 
-does not apply to Lodges whose by-laws are already adopted and published, and 
who charge in the aggregate for the three degrees more than $15." 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges made a supplemental report, 
excusing the irregularities in the return of LaFayette Lodge No. 18. 

Bro. W. S. Brown (33), moved to reconsider the vote of the day before 
to amend the by-laws, by striking out Jacksonville and inserting the 
city of Alton, which was carried, when it was moved that the word 
Peoria be inserted in the place of Alton. 

Bro. Ralston (1), offered the following : 

"Strike out all after 'resolved,' and insert the following, to-wit: That the first 
section of the by-laws be stricken out and the following inserted : That the 
next regular communication of this Grand Lodge shall be held at Peoria, and 
thereafter its communications shall be held at such place in the State as the 
Grand Lodge may desigdate." 

This amendment was adopted. Yeas, 26 ; nays, 4. 
The following was offered by Bro. Dunlap, P. G. M., (3), as supple- 
mental, and accepted : 

" Provided, That the same shall remain not more than one annual communi- 
cation at the same place." 

The representative of Barry Lodge was granted leave of absence for 
the remainder of the session. 

The Grand Master offered the following, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That in the opinion of this Grand Lodge, its certificates are to be 
regarded, not as evidence of their bearers being Masons, but simply, if by other 
means they shall give satisfaction of their being such, as evidence collateral of 
their being in good standing, which evidence may be required or waived at the 
pleasure of any Mason, 01 body of Masons to whom they may be preferred; and 
that all former resolutions and regulations of this Grand Lodge, which are in- 
consistent herewith, be and are hereby repealed." 

Bro. Watson (1), offered the following resolution, which was laid 
over until the next annual communication: 

" Resolved, That the two following sections be added to the by-laws of this 
Grand Lodge: 

" I. Kach subordinate Lodge shall report to the Grand Lodge, at each annual 
communication, all Master Masons that may be under its jurisdiction, and are 
not members of any Lodge, and shall pay dues for the same. 

" If. Each subordinate Lodge shall collect of all Master Masons that may be 
under its jurisdiction, and are not members of any Lodge, the dues its by-laws 
require of its members, and shall, at its discretion, suspend from Masonic privi- 
leges, all such as neglect or refuse to pay the same: Prooideii, That where two or 
more Lodges exist in the same city or county, the oldest Lodge shall have ju- 
risdiction. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 271 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts reported as follows : 

" The Committee on Finances and Accounts beg leave to report : That they 
have examined the accounts of Bro. A. C. Dickson, Grand Secretary pro tern., 
and those of the Grand Treasurer, and believe them to be correct.' 

' It appears that there was in the hands of the Grand Treasurer, at the last 
annual communication, the sum of $207.58; that he has since that time received 
of the Grand Secretary the sum of $282.35; and paid out the sum of $127.67; 
leaving in his hands a balance of $3G2.26 of the funds of the Grand Lodge. 
The committee further state, that owing to the absence of the Grand Secretary, 
they have been unable to obtain access to his books and accounts, and that they 
can not therefore report thereon, nor ascertain the total amount of funds belong- 
ing to the Grand Lodge now hand. 

"In examining the papers of the Grand Treasurer, several ^questions have 
occurred in relation to the acts of the Grand Treasurer and Grand Secretary, 
which the committee have considered of sufficient importance to bring to the 
notice of the Grand Lodge. 

"It appears that a resolution was adopted by the Grand Lodge, at Its annual 
communication in 1813, requiring the Grand Secretary to procure one hundred 
and fifty certificates printed on parchment, and to furnish each subordinate 
Lodge such a number as it might order; and that such Lodge be required to 
pay 'the Grand Secretary fifty cents each for. said certificates. The committee 
do not conceive that this resolution confers on the Grand Secretary any au- 
thority to use the funds of the Grand Lodge; they believe, from all the infor- 
mation they can obtain, that it was the understanding of the Grand Lodge, at 
the time the resolution was adopted, that the fifty cents required to be paid by 
the subordinate Lodges for each certificate, would constitute a fund sufficient to 
pay the expense of obtaining the blank certificates, and compensate the Grand 
Secretary for his trouble. Yet in one of the bills approved by the Grand Sec- 
retary, and paid by the Grand Treasurer, is an item of $3.00 for printing certifi- 
cates. This the committee believe to be wrong, and the Grand Secretary ought, 
they think, to be required to refund the $3.00 to the Grand Treasurer, from the 
proceeds of the certificates distributed among the subordinate Lodges. 

"Another question that occurred to the committee, was in relation to the au- 
thority of the Grand Treasurer to pay money out of the Treasury. The general 
rule in subordinate Lodges is, that the Treasurer pay out no money except by 
order of the W. Master with the consent of the Lodge. This rule the committee 
suppose is, or ought to be, observed in the Grand Lodge ; if any other obtains, 
the committee are not aware of it. Yet they find that certain bills have been 
presented and paid by the Grand Treasurer, for which they find no order of the 
Grand Master, nor any action of the Grand Lodge in the record of its proceed- 
ings. The committee do not intend by this remark to question the integrity of 
the Grand Treasurer, or to blame him for his acts. The bills alluded to were, as 
(hey believe, for labor, or goods had by the Grand Lodge, and which ought to 
be paid. Yet they believe that the practice heretofore has been too loose, that 
the Grand Treasurer ought to be able to show in every case some order of the 
Grand Master, or some action of the Grand Lodge, as his authority for paying 
out money. The committee would recommend that the Grand Lodge, before 
the close of each communication, make appropriations for the payment of all 
sums due from said Lodge, and require the Grand Treasurer to pay out no 
money except upon the written order of the Grand Master, or the approval of the 



272 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Grand Lodge, signified by the Grand Secretary's endorsement upon eaeh account 
or bill presented to him for payment. 

"The committee also discover from an examination of the Grand Treasurer's 
account, that the Grand Charity Fund has not been kept distinct from the other 
funds of the Grand Lodge. This they believe to be incorrect; and the com- 
mittee would recommend that the Grand Treasurer be required to keep the 
Grand Charity Fund account distinct from the other accounts of the Grand 
Lodge, and that he report annually the receipts and disbursements of each fund 
by itself. 

"At the last annual communication of the Grand Lodge, a resolution was adopt- 
ed requiring the Committee on Finances and Accounts, in connection with the 
Grand Secretary, to make a general report of the receipts and expenditures of the 
Grand Lodge since its formation, stating the amounts received for dispensa- 
tions, charters, and dues, separately and distinctly, and from whom received ; 
also the amount expended, and for what purpose. It appears from the report 
of that committee, that the resolution was not acted upon ; why, no reasons are 
given by that committee. The present Committee on Finances and Accounts 
believe that there is a general desire among the members of the Grand Lodge 
that the information sought to be obtained by that resolution should yet be 
obtained and laid before the Grand Lodge. Your committee would therefore 
recommend the adoption of the following resolution : 

"Resolved, That the Grand Secretary and Grand Treasurer be required to make, 
conjointly, a general report to the Grand Lodge, at its next annual communica- 
tion, of afl the receipts and expenditures of the Grand Lodge since its formation, 
stating the amounts received for dispensations, charters, dues, and contribu- 
tions to the Grand Charity Fund, separately and distinctly, and from whom re- 
ceived; also, the amount expended, for what purpose, and to whom paid." 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

" NATHAN DRESSER, ) 
NELSON D. MORSE, ^Committee." 
WILLIAM STUART. J 

The Grand Lodge was then adjourned to 8 o'clock Thursday morning. 



THURSDAY MOUSING, Oct. 9, 1845. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present, as on the 
preceding day. 
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence reported as follows: 

" To the Mont Worshipful, the Grand Lodge of Illinois : 

"The Committee on Foreign Correspondence beg leave respectfully to report: 
That since the last annual communication of this Grand Lodge, documents 
have been received from the Grand Lodges of Maine, New Hampshire, Con- 
necticut, Maryland, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Texas, 
Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, and Michigan; together with a beautiful copy of elo- 
quent Masonic addresses, by P. G. M. Joseph R. Chandler, from the Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania, for which especial thanks are due. 

"It is regretted by your committee, that the proceedings of other Grand 
Lodges have not been received ; those of the Grand Lodge of New York may 
be particularly mentioned, whose absence from our files has occasioned, on 
many distinct accounts, especial regret. It has come to be regarded as well 
nigh the right of each Grand Lodge, to be put in possession of the doings of 



HISTOKY OF MASOXRY IX ILLINOIS. 273 

sigter Grand Lodges, as it confessedly is of subordinate Lodges to be furnished 
with the proceedings of the particular Grand Lodge under whose authority they 
severally convene. In no other way, indeed, than by such an interchange of 
proceedings, can the manifold evils consequent upon the isolation and relative 
independence, in which our several Grand Lodges at present are, be in any 
tolerable degree mitigated or overcome. Until provision be made for uniting all 
under one general head, whose office it shall be to inform, direct, and quicken 
the various members, it is hoped that a freer interchange of communication will 
be made between the several Grand Lodges. 

" In the various documents referred to your committee, are presented mat- 
ters of greatest interest and importance to the whole Fraternity. All give evi- 
dence that increased attention is everywhere paid to the Masonic Institution; 
that its principles are rapidly becoming more widely diffused ; its landmarks 
more thoroughly studied and understood; its spirit more sedulously culti- 
vated, and more consistently exemplified; whilst, on all sides, its borders are 
extending, by the admission of approved candidates within its fold. The dark 
cloud of oppression and persecution has rolled away from above it, and revealed 
n brighter and more cheering light than any in which, for long years, the Insti- 
tution has been permitted to rejoice. Its beautiful morality is now everywhere 
earnestly sought to be developed; and it shines forth conspicuously, on all 
sides, comparatively unobscured by abuses, in such works of faith and labors of 
love as can not fail to silence gainsayers, by the practicable and incontrovert- 
ible proof thus exhibited, that the foundation of our ancient Masonic Institu- 
tion, is " upon the holy. hills," that it is on truth and goodness. Yery excellent 
things, therefore, must be spoken of her. 

" Upon the true standard of Masonic morality, the Holy Scriptures the great 
light in Masonry such expression has been made by many Grand Lodges, as 
to show to those who are within, and convince those who are without, that it is 
not the lower nature of man alone that the Masonic Institution legitimately re- 
gards; but that she takes cognizance, also, of the immortal part, by imposing, 
not in name only, but in deed, and in truth, that blessed book, as the divinely 
authentic rule and guide of a Mason's faith. 

"Through the Grand Lodge of Indiana, we have been furnished the testimony 
of the Grand Lodge of Ohio on this subject, which your committee deem too 
eloquent, just and beautiful, not to be here presented. The want of the pro- 
ceedings of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, furnishing this testimony directly, is sin- 
cerely deplored as a loss. It is hoped we shall not be thought presuming, if we 
adduce it from the source to which acknowledgemenl is made. It proceeds 
thus, in the address of the Grand Master, M. W. Wm. B. Thrall : 

" ' I deem it not inappropriate, in this connection, to bring to the notice of the 
Grand Lodge, a question of authority and discipline, mooted in a subordinate 
Lodge, and on which the opinion of the Grand Master, as the representative of 
this body during its interval of recess, was solicited. It was asked l>y a respect- 
able Lodge, whether "the denying the divine authenticity of the Holy Bible be 
an offence against the Institution of Masonry; and if so, what are the preroga- 
tives of the Lodge, in such cases ?" While it is true that Masonry is not sectarian 
in its character, and that the established rules and regulations of our Grand 
Lodge positively inhibit all religious tests, as a prerequisite to initiation, save 
only the acknowledgment of " a steadfast belief in the existence and perfections 
of Deitv,'' it is equally true that, were it possible to wrest from the " first great 

18 



274 HISTOEY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

/ 

light" in Masonry its attribute of divine authenticity, the very act would over- 
whelm the Order with a visible and tangible darkness, equalled only by that which 
existed ere "the Spirit of God moved upon the lace of the waters." It is impos- 
sible to despoil our great moral and Masonic Trestle-Board of its distinctive 
characteristic, without, at the same time, rifling the work of our Lodges, our 
charges and our lectures, of every conservative and life-giving principle. If the 
Bible be not indeed an emanation from Deity, then is Freemasonry an empty 
cheat, and those who minister at her altars accessories to fraud and vile delusion. 
True, we have, among us.no Lodges exclusively Christian; for the reason that 
Masonry dates anterior to the Christian era; and because her charity is suffi- 
ciently expansive to embrace within its ample folds, in fraternal unison, the 
good and true of whatever name or nation. While, therefore, all Christian Ma- 
sons dedicate their Lodges to those two eminent and sainted Christian patrons, 
who are always represented in every regular and well directed Lodge by most 
attractive and peculiar hieroglyphics, our Jewish brethren may, at the same 
time, without let or hindrance, and without the most remote cause of offence to 
any, still commemorate in their Lodges, him whose name is the synonym of wis- 
dom, and whose virtues are embalmed aliue in the hearts of all good Masons, 
whether Christians or the lineal descendants of the twelve tribes of Israel. But, 
surely, it could not have been the purpose of those great and good men of old, 
in laying thus broad the foundations of our Order, to provide in it a eovei t for 
the deriding infidel, or an asylum for the dissembling hypocrite. And if by any 
means, such have found their way into our midst, it is the first duty of the 
Lodge so invaded, "by well doing to put to silence the ignorance of foolish men ;" 
and to teach them that, though free, they may not " use their liberty for a cloak 
of licentiousness." And if, thus admonished, they refuse to be restrained, let 
them be regarded as " walking disorderly, and not after the tradition they have 
received of us. And, if any man obey not our word, note that man. and have 
no company with him, that he may be ashamed." ' 

'Through a committee to whom was referred this portion of the M. W. Grand 
Master's address, the Grand Lodge thus sustained the position therein assumed : 

" 'After looking at the foundations on which all our work is constructed, and 
contemplating the teachings of Masonry in her Lectures, Charges, &c., your 
committee can come to but one conclusion on the subject, viz.: that the Holy 
Bible is the great standard of truth and duty in Masonry, and, consequently, 
that a humble and sincere acknowledgment of its divine origin is indispens- 
able, in the very nature of the case, on the part of all who come to seek or dis- 
pense light among us. 

"'It is one of the oldest requisitions of the Fraternity that no regular and 
well governed Lodge can be without its Bible. The Bible is held up to the can- 
didate on his initiation as the first great light in Masonry. He is told that it is 
the inestimable gift of God to Man. His onward pathway, in its entire extent, is 
lighted up by its blessed precepts. The faith, the hope, the charity, in which he 
is admonished to abound, is the faith, the hope, the charity of the Bible. The 
star which shines from the center of one of the three ornaments of the Lodge, i.s 
the star which appeared to guide the wise men in the East to the place of the 
Saviour's nativity. The two eminent patrons of the Order, to whom Christian 
Masons dedicate their Lodges, are the Sts. John of the Bible, the precepts of 
which, they present as a wall of defence round about every brother, within which 
he may walk securely and never materially err. No station in the Lodge is too 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 275 

high for the reach of the duties which the Bible enjoins. The Worshipful Master 
must humbly bow to its authority. On him, as he is about to enter upon his 
arduous labors, is laid the obligation, weighty above all others, of a diligent ob- 
servance of the Holy Scriptures, which, he is instructed, is to be a rule and a guide 
to his faith. And, when sorrowing brethren gather around the final resting 
place of the departed, they mourn not as those who are without hope; the sprig 
of acacia tells of an ever verdant and bright land beyond the grave. The Lion 
of the tribe of Judah has vanquished the foe, and hope and consolation are im- 
parted by the thoughts of that life and immortality which the Bible, and the Bible 
only, has brought to light. 

'"These are but few of the many evidences that might be presented to show 
how essential is the Bible to the existence of Masonry. What then is Masonry 
without the Bible the Bible acknowledged in the truth of its divine inspira- 
tion? It is the casket without the jewel. It is the body without the soul. It 
is the world without the sun ; and what might be its value despoiled of this, its 
richest treasure and brightest ornament, would not be worth the trouble of a 
conjecture. 

"'Your committee, in their search for grounds on which to sustain an opposite 
opinion, have found nothing meriting that name, unless it be a single Regula- 
tion ; the language of which is, "that no religious test shall be required of any 
applicant for the benefits of Masonry, other than a steadfast belief in the exist- 
ence and perfections of Deity." In regard to this provision, it is respectfully 
submitted, whether a proper belief in [the existence and perfections of Deity 
does not of necessity imply a belief in the divine authenticity of the Bible, 
since from that book we derive the only intelligent and satisfactory knowledge 
of Deity; and whether, therefore, said clause was not predicated upon this hy- 
pothesis.' 

"'This,' say our brethren of Indiana, 'ought to settle all controversy, if ever 
any existed among Masons on this subject.' Your committee are of the same 
opinion; and would be happy to have this Grand Lodge, by formal action, 
place herself unequivocally upon this high, but truly Masonic ground. 

" In view of such principles, it can excite |no surprise that the Grand Lodge 
of Indiana expressed its entire disapprobation of the course of the Grand Lodge 
of Texas, in working in Lodge on the Sabbath day, and that your committee 
concur in such disapprobation, and would extend the same to a similar practice 
prevailing among the Lodges in New Orleans. 

" The subject of the pre-requisite physical and mental qualifications of candi- 
dates for initiation has been widely discussed within the past year. 

"The views of the Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Mississippi, 
R. VV. Harvey W. Walter, upon this subject, are so in harmony with those enter- 
tained by your committee, that leave is begged to present them at length. The 
following question elicited the expression intended to be submitted : 

"'Would the loss of either of the three senses, feeling, seeing, or hearing, biir 
a candidate from the degrees, or would the loss of sight prevent his initiation y 

' ' I think, brethren,' is the reply, ' this question may be stript of all difficulties, 
by reference to the character of our work as Masons. Originally, it was strictly 
operative, and more attention was paid to the physical than mental condition of 
the candidate. In reference to this point, the old constitutions provide, that, 
"every candidate for the mysteries of Masonry shall be upright in body, not 
deformed or dismembered at the time of making, but of hale and entire limbs." 



276 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

The Grand Lodge of Kentucky has adopted a rule more congenial to the present 
spirit of Masonry, where it dec-lares, that, "if the deformity of a candidate for 
initiation is not such as to prevent him from being instructed in the arts and 
mysteries of Freemasonry, his admission will not be an infringement upon the 
landmarks, but will be perfectly consistent with the spirit of our Institution." 
Such, I conceive, will also be the opinion of every intelligent Mason, who re- 
flects upon the great change which has taken-place in the character of our work 
within the last two centuries. Physical labor has been superseded by men- 
tal action ; and the man who retains these external senses, and is possessed of 
a good mental capacity, but of a weak and emaciated or even maimed body, 
would now be considered an eligible candidate, whereas he would formerly have 
been rejected, in other words, Masonry now requires of its votaries more of 
mind, and less of flesh and form, than it originally did. I think, brethren, that 
we may safely conclude that, a loss or partial deprivation of those physical organs 
which minister ALONE to the action of the BODY, do not disqualify, but that the loss 
of those upon ivhich the MIND depends for its ideas of external objects, certainly would. 
We have then only to determine to which of these classes the eye, the ear, and 
the nerves belong, to settle this difficulty. I can not conceive how the mind 
could be very sanitive, deprived of all these, or how it could attain perfection 
with the loss of either of the first two. They are all its obedient slaves, and 
minister to it all the information upon which it depends for vigorous or healthy 
action. They are called, by way of eminence, the three Masonic senses, for rea- 
sons that will readily suggest themselves to the mind of every brother familiar 
with our work. Indeed, brethren, I can not conceive how a person deprived of 
them, or either of them, would efficiently discharge the duties, or perform the 
labor required at his hands. Intricate and embarrassing as the subject confess- 
edly is, I have no doubt but that calm and serious reflection will enable you to 
adjudicate it correctly.' 

"The Grand Lodge of Wisconsin had embodied nearly the same views, and 
quite the same principles, in her constitution, some time previous. 'By the 
ancient regulations,' says the article, 'the physical deformity of an individual 
operates as a bar to his admission into the Fraternity; but in view of the fact 
that this regulation was adopted for the government of the Craft at a period when 
they united the character of operative with that of speculative Masons, this Grand 
Lodge, in common, it is believed, with most of her sister Grand Lodges in this 
country and in Europe, has authorized such a construction of the regulation as 
that, where the deformity does not amount to an inability honestly to acquire 
the means of subsistence, it constitutes no hindrance to initiation.' 

"Your committee learn from the Committee on Correspondence of the Grand 
Lodge of Maryland, that the Grand Lodge of Alabama has adopted as a resolu- 
tion, 'That being maimed, as by the loss of a leg or an arm, does not disqualify 
a man from receiving the degrees in Masonry, when there is no other objection 
except that of being maimed.' Upon which the committee remarks: 

"'This has been, and still is, a matter of controversy among the Fraternity, 
and is one which the Grand Lodges should decide, so that uniformity of practice 
may prevail among the Lodges. This question affords arguments worthy of 
consideration for and against justifying the difference of opinion prevailing 
among the Fraternity, and from this division your committee are not exempt. 
In opposition to this resolution of the Grand Lodge of Alabama, we have an 
ancient regulation couched in language positive and unequivocal. In answer 
to this objection, or as a reason why it should not be rigidly observed, it is, and 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 277 

may with force be urged, that a subsequent part of the same regulation, couched 
in language equally clear and unequivocal, is not observed, nor has its observance 
been advocated within our knowledge that is, to keep an apprentice seven years. 
Many more reasons might be urged against this law, did the nature of this report 
admit of such discussion. Your committee will merely give the general decla- 
ration, that the philanthropic principles inculcated by the Institution are at 
variance, and seem to forbid the rigid observance of this rule. They are not 
unanimous in the opinion that the language of the Alabama resolution is fully 
admissable; although Masonry has assumed the speculative character, they are 
not certain that the operative should be entirely discarded.' 

" Your committee will take leave of this subject by repeating that their views 
are in coincidence with those which have, been thus adduced, and notifying 
that they intend to submit a resolution embracing the same, which was adopted 
by the Grand Lodge of Mississippi, and ask for its adoption by this Grand Lodge. 

"The qualifications of citizenship on the part of applicants in the place in 
which their application for admission into the Institution is made, is another 
topic which has lately undergone a most free and thorough discussion. A sin- 
gular disregard of rights of jurisdiction, which, from the very nature of things, 
must be considered as well nigh inherent in each particular Grand Lodge, which 
are recognized in the superior Masonic bodies, and which analogy, derived from 
civil usage, should be regarded as determining past controversy, has prevailed 
in certain quarters, and given rise to such complaints as have elicited a very 
general expression on this subject. Among the Grand Lodges which have been 
forward in t>uch expression, and whose decisions are believed to be eminently 
Masonic and just, those of New Hampshire, Maryland, Arkansas and Indiana, 
have been noticed with peculiar pleasure. 

"The Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Maryland, M. W. Charles Oilman, 
brought the subject to the notice of his Grand Lodge as follows: 

'"A practice has obtained among many Lodges in different parts of the country 
of admitting temporary residents to the Order, and that, too, without inquiring 
into the character of the applicants, further than it may happen to be known at 
the place of such temporary residence. And it is believed that some of our own 
Lodges have been indiscreet in this same particular. The practice is exceed- 
ingly reprehensible, and ought to be discontinued. In the first place, if the 
applicant be worthy of the distinction, that fact can be no where so well known as 
at the place of his permanent abode; and in the next place, the brethren at the 
place where the new made Mason is to enjoy this special privilege, should cer- 
tainly be consulted whether they are willing to accept him as an associate, whilst 
they are also entitled to the emoluments arising from the conferring of the de- 
grees. For the sake of that universal harmony which we all profess to seek, 
and to set an example to our brethren abroad, I would earnestly recommend that 
you pass an order forbidding the practice in all the Lodges under this jurisdic- 
tion; and at the same time, that you invite the co-operation of our sister Grand 
Lodges in the measure.' 

"This just and earnest recommendation was so heeded as to call forth a re- 
enforcement of the same views by the Committee on Correspondence. 

"'Harmony,' reported that committee, 'is essential to the well being and 
perpetuity of our Institution, and it can not be but that complaints, when well 
founded, will destroy this essential constituent of Masonry. Every Masonic 
act should tend to strengthen the bands of brotherly love, and have this for its 
primary object. Should the practices above named be countenanced or passed 



278 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

over without notice, they will be continued ill feeling will be engendered, 
instead of brotherly love: discord, jealousy, and distrust will take the place of 
peace and unity; harmony will be unknown among us for lack of wisdom; 
strength and beauty will leave our walls to be replaced by chaos. It becomes us 
to practice the precepts taught us by the square, level, and plumb; to guard in 
:ill kindness, yet firmly, our own rights, and at the same time the rights of our 
brethren we should not invade their territory, nor they ours. The several 
Grand Lodges, as the conservators of the rights and privileges of their subordi- 
nate Lodges, should act energetically and decidedly in this matter.' 

"The Grand Lodge confirmed the views of the Grand Master and of its com- 
mittee by correspondent action. 

"Upon the same subject, the Committee on Correspondence of the Grand 
Lodge of Arkansas submitted as follows: 

"In regard to Grand Lodge jurisdiction, your committee regret to see so 
many instances of its violation, with a high degree of disrespect. Of the many 
instances, your committee will refer to only one. A citizen of this State, residing 
in the vicinity of Little Rock, petitioned "Western Star Lodge" for initiation, 
and was rejected. Soon after he made a visit to North Alabama, and in a few 
weeks returned, having received the three degrees in a Lodge under the juris- 
diction of the Grand Lodge of that State. Under ordinary circumstances this vio- 
lation would not perhaps have been noticed; but the individual alluded to having 
since been excluded from the benefits of our Order, admonishes your committee 
of the necessity of suggesting some mode of arrangement by which the Craft 
may be protected from the admission of unworthy members and who are more 
capable of judging of the worth and character of applicants than the brethren 
residing in the vicinity of the applicant, who are his neighbors and acquaint- 
ances?' 

"The ground thus assumed by our brethren of Maryland and Arkansas is 
.Masonic;, to say the least. They rest the claim for respect for the jurisdiction 
of a Grand Lodge, in the regard under consideration, by sister Grand Lodges 
and their subordinates, upon its necessity to the preservation of that 'harmony' 
which is at once the 'beauty and strength' of our 'Ancient Masonic Institu- 
tion;' and it were fair to presume that such a plea will avail to secure the end 
desired. Still, your committee would proceed somewhat further, deeming that 
they may, perhaps, in some degree, contribute to a cause of real magnitude and 
importance. 

" To your committee it seems clear that, under our circumstances, the very 
notion of Grand Lodge jurisdiction, in any sense, carries with it that of a specific 
territory within which such jurisdiction may be exercised. What, indeed, 
signifies the title by which this or that particular Grand Lodge is designated ? 
What is denoted by 'The Grand Lodge of Maryland,' 'The Grand Lodge of New 
York,' 'The Grand Lodge of Ohio,' 'The Grand Lodge of Wisconsin.' What, 
but that each is a Grand Lodge for the State whose name distinguishes it '! Is 
not this idea inherent in every such organization? It is submitted, whether, 
when a Grand Lodge is organized, it be not emphatically and expressly to take 
cognizance of the interests of Freemasonry in a given district to exercise ju- 
risdiction in the State or Territory in which it is formed, and whose name it 
assumes. If this be not so. then is each Grand Lodge an organization having a 
name simply to denote its locality, with powers at large, and the free right to 
exercise its functions in every Territory, State, county, city, town, or village 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 279 

throughout the land, without let or hindrance from opposing principle, and 
candidates in any community are, by consequence, free to choose the superior 
body, under whose cognizance they will severally come. Each particular com- 
munity might thus have established, and in exercise, within it, several concur- 
rent Masonic governments, as many as there are or may be Grand Lodges in the 
Union, or in the world. And what, in this case, would be the limit for the forma 
tion of Grand Lodges? If aGrand Lodge, when formed, be not for a specific Slate 
or Territory, what shall prevent the formation of an indefinite number of Grand 
Lodges; as many as fancy or caprice may suggest? And thus we should be 
thrown back upon the early principle of the independence of each particular 
Lodge, derived through the inherent rights vested in the Fraternity at large, to 
meet, act, and work, as to them should seem good and proper within the limits 
of the 'Ancient Charges*.' 

" This, then is the ultimate ground to be rechosen; or we must stand firmly 
by the principle of confederation, for which it has been long abandoned. There 
is, there can be, no middle way; either the principle of confederation, which we 
have professedly chosen, must be rigidly adhered to, or we must go back upon 
the ancient ground, long since practically yielded. This, it is believed, is no- 
where meditated; and if it were, would be found impracticable. By the princi- 
ple we have professed to adopt, must we therefore be governed; by this princi- 
ple interpreted in its application, by the very notion of a Grand Lodge, by the 
name it bears, by practical results, by eccelesiastical, civil, and all sorts of usage, 
and by common sense by this principle, in the length of it, and in the breadth 
of it, do your committee recommend that this Grand Lodge take her stand, and 
insist that her territorial jurisdiction is co-extensive with the civil jurisdiction 
of the State of Illinois ; beyond which, in any State or Territory in which there 
may be a Grand Lodge established, she will not exercise her powers or privileges; 
within which, she will not patiently endure that another Grand Lodge shall 
establish, exercise, and maintain jurisdiction. 

" In this, there would be a concurrence with our brethren of Indiana, who 
'think it most consonant with the principles of our Order that applications for 
membership should be made to the Lodge nearest to the residence of the ap- 
plicant, and, so far as the Lodges of different Slates are concerned, in this 
question, that the State line should be the boundary of their jurisdiction;' and, 
with those of Ohio, in addition to the Grand Lodges before noticed, as we learn 
through the Grand Lodge of Maryland : 'A gentleman residing in the city of 
Cincinnati became a petitioner to Lafayette Lodge, of that city, for initiation 
into the mysteries of Freemasonry; before the constitutional time for action on 
his petition had arrived, lie visited New York city, and was there initiated, passed 
and raised to the S. degree of Master Mason. On his return home, he attempted 
to visit Lafayette Lodge as a M. M., and was refused admittance on the ground 
that he did not receive his degrees legally. The subject was submitted to the 
Grand Lodge, who, while they justly censure this invasion of their jurisdiction, 
decide that persons residing under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, who 
wilfully and knowingly obtain the degrees of Masonry in a foreign jurisdiction, shall 
not be i egardcd as Masons : if, however, they pursue this course ignorantly, and 
the person is worthy, he shall be "recognized as a brother.'" 

"The brethren of Maryland, in support of this decision, rise to the high ground 
assumed by your committee, and say: 'If from selfish motives, from distrust 



*An example of this kind is the Lodge of Antiquity, in London. 



280 HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS 

of his acceptance, or other cause, originating with and existing in himself, an 
individual, wilfully and knowingly, travel into foreign jurisdiction and takes 
the Masonic degree*, they believe that "clandestine" is stamped in legible char- 
acters on the transaction; and that he has not regularly received the decree*, 
and, therefore, is not entitled to recognition.' And as to 'the Lodge conferring 
the degrees," say they, it 'does, or should know the law, any violation of which 
i- irregular and a nullity.' If this proceeding is regular, why may not the Lodge 
:ie State line, as did \Vhiteide Lodge, and there make him a Mr son? 
The Lodge would, it is perfumed, be considered clandestine, as also its acu>. 

' If this opinion, and the general views presented by your committee, be cor- 
rect, how stands it between us and the Grand Lodge of Wiscons-in? The facts 
hare come to the knowledge of your committee, that that Grand Lodge has 
assented to a proposal to take 'Far West Lodge,' of Galena, in this State, under 
her jurisdiction that Lodge having been under the jurisdiction of the Grand 
Lodge of Missouri, as were other of the Lodges in this State, until the formation 
of this Grand Lodge and that the 31. W. Grand Master of that Grand Lodjre lias 
granted a dispensation to certain Masons residing in Elizabeth, in this State, to 
form and open a Lodge at that place. It is submitted, whether the latter be not 
an infraction of the rights of a sister Grand Lodge without a parallel in the history 
of Freemasonry in this country; and too great to be borne without an exceed- 
ing trial of the bonds of our covenant, a trial which, if persisted in. will be 
likely to weaken the ties by which we are now held in one, if not to make n 
utter schism between us. It is believed, that by nothing in the recorded annal* 
of our Institution can that step be justified; by nothing in its domestic or private 
teachings can this Grand Lodge be bound to tolerate an abuse so fraught with 
mischief to the entire family of Freemasons. 

The Freemason's logic, it is thought by your committee, should hare led the 
(.rand Lodge of Wisconsin to say to 'Far west Ixxlge,' "There is a Grand Lodge 
in Illinois; yon are within its jurisdiction; go to that body and own and fulfill 
your allegiance.' All special pleadings it should hare caused to have been met 
by a declaration of the rights of this Grand Lodge, and of the necessity of their 
observance to the preservation of that harmony and comity which should dis- 
tinguish two bodies so peculiarly allied. But the answer really made to the ap- 
plication was as follows : 

" Resoftred, That a charter be issued to the "Far West Lodge." of Galena, under 
and by the name of the "Galena Lodge," as prayed for. That the said charter be 
issued with it. date and number blank, and kept by the Grand Secretary of this 
Lodge, until the said "Far West Lodge" ."hall place in the hands of the Grand 
Secretary the proper legal evidence of its demission fix m the Grand Lodge of 
Missouri: when he shall date, number, and deliver said charter to raid Lodge, 
from and after which time, if accepted by the -Galena Lodge,*" it shall be taken 
and remain under the jurisdiction of this Grand Lodge. 

" ' Revolted, That no other fee shall be demanded for said charter than the 
regular fees of the Grand Secretary.' 

^ Your committee recommend that this Grand Lodge enter its protest to these 
banns, and ask at the hands of our brethren in Wisconsin that, in this particu- 
lar, they will do as they would be done by. It is believed that such remon- 
strance would be beard, and such request granted. The intelligence, the 
well known Masonic character and standing of our brethren in Wisconsin, are 
* sufficient guarantee for this. The magnitude of his departure from ri>rht 
principle and right practice r-ould not hare been realized by the M. W. Grand 
Master of the Grand Lodge of Wisconsin when be granted the dispensation to 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 281 

Elizabeth : nor that of his Grand Lodge, when Galena was bidden a cordi.il wel- 
e.ime within her jurisdiction. 

" Blame is not, therefore, east as though the faults were intentional. In the 
one cnte. and in the other, your committee alike see M zeal lor the Institution 
prompting the excesses eoniplained of. Still, the errors are no less, and no less 
imperiously call for correction. If in this we be not heard, shall the Lodge at 
Kli/.aheth be considered MS rlantltstinf .' Shall "l-'ar West Lodge," at Galena, be 
considered the same? And then, how shall the Grand Ldge of \Visconsinbe 
considered, through which it has come to pas that this (.rand Lodge is refused 
to be owned and submitted to at those two points within her jurisdiction ? Must 
the end be, schism, and a cessation of communion ? 

"In view of what has been thus presented on this subject, your committee 
would express the ardent hope, that this Grand Lodge will abide within the 
landmarks,' whicli 'our fathers,' in the State, have set; and require the qualifi- 
cation of citi/enship. on the part of all who are admitted into the Institution 
within her jurisdiction, and refuse Masonic intercourse to every citizen of this 
s-.-i'c. who shall he made a Mason in contravention to these principles. 

" In regard to the work of Lodges, great interest is every where felt and ex- 
pressed, and elt'orts are making universally to secure propriety, uniformity, and 
harmony therein. Various are the modes proposed to accomplish these most 
desirable ends. Prominent among them, is that <>f a system of triennial con- 
ventions of representatives from the several Grand Lodges in the 1'nion, tobe 
holden at some accessible point, under certain rules and restrictions which 
have been already submitted. 

"To this plan your committee entertain a decided aversion. They have too 
distinctly in remembrance the convention at Baltimore, with all its bitter fruits, 
the jealousie^, the disputing*, the rancors, and the schisms which have been 
its consequent, to hope for anything better from a repetition of the same means. 
Not that your committee fail to recognize much good that has accrued to a large 
port ion of the Craft through the instrumentality of the convention to which refer- 
ence is now made. It is thankfully admitted, that, directly and indirectly, it 
has wrought for us much that was desirable; more, it is belitved, indirectly 
than otherwise: and, on the principle that the wrath of man is often turned to 
the help and praise of that which is good. It must be conceded, that on the. 
whole, it has been quite ctlective in directing the attention of the Fraternity 
generally to the subjects of propriety, uniformity and harmony in the work: and 
in prompting desire and effort with regard to these important ends. Hut that 
anything has been detcrminately settled by it. or discrepancies in any consid- 
erable degree diminished, cannot he justly claimed; for a fair observation has 
guen abundant evidence that the sum total of discrepancies and disagreements 
in work, on all si.i. . MhMOTWT existed among us. That they are 

the same is not asserted : but as numerous. They now exist under greatly im- 
proved circumstances; for the desire and effort which have been elicited to 
secure uniformity and harmony she promise of happy results eventually. In 
the eomliet lor these ends at present, appeal to thederisions at Baltimore is well 
nigh useless: for, lirst, where those decisions can he ascertained, they are re- 
garded as wanting in authority; and. second, because of the confessed difficulty 
<>f ascertaining what was agreed upon at Baltimore. Owing to the varied asser- 
tions of those who have been looked to as reporters of the doings of that con- 
vention, and the disagreements among them, little satisfaction can be obtained 

10 



282 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS 

regarding them; and so, of necessity, private judgment must finally determine 
every question at issue. And thus, it is believed by your committee, will it ever 
be with regard to any and every such plan for attaining the ends sought to be 
answered by means of conventions. Moreover, the conventional system, of 
necessity, almost, permits the several Grand Lodges to be so independent of it 
and of one another as to leave them open to all the evils of jealousy ; and es- 
pecially to the curse of a striving on the part of one or more for the mastery in 
all things, that by some means pre-eminence may be obtained. It can not have 
escaped the observation of the most casual observer, that wealth, with associa. 
tions as with individuals, is regarded as power; and, in the one case as in the 
other, tends to beget haughtiness and love of domination. Where these shall 
have become combined in a Grand Lodge, it will speedily put itself forward as 
chief or head, claim to be the exponent of principles, the center of unity, the 
organ of correspondence, and the body in whose adjudications there should be 
universal acquiescence. It will expect its dictum to be obeyed, and its super- 
cilious bearing to overawe and overmaster. The tone already observed in 
certain quarters warns your committee, and causes them to desire a speedy 
exchange of isolation and independence for a confederacy under one general 
Masonic government. 

"Your committee desire not to conceal, that the workings of the General Grand 
Masonic bodies already in existence in the United States, have come before them 
in this connection, and delighted them with the agreeable contrast which they 
have presented to all that is here set forth. 

"'To your committee, therefore, it appears, that the organization of some 
similar tribunal, with carefully guarded powers having authority to decide 
upjn and provide for the means of instruction in the mystic wort and ceremo- 
nies of Masonry is probably the best, if not the only, means, now remaining to 
us, whereby the necessary and indispensable uniformity among us can be main- 
tained and perpetuated ; whereby our mystic rites and universal language may 
be freed from hurtful interpretations, and be continued to us, and ours, pure 
and uncontaminated. To your committee, it is obvious, that unless a supreme 
authority shall be established, to whose decision questions respecting our 
mysteries and traditions, our constitutions and our principles, may be referred 
and whose final judgment shall be obligatory upon all, the greatest and most 
ruinous disparity must continue to prevail. One form will be adopted and taught 
here another, and different one, there ; each refusing to yield to either of those 
differing from him each claiming to "possess the true light," will set forth, and 
contend for his long cherished system; and thus, at no distant period, we shall 
hear of, not only ''York and English French and Scotch rites," but of New 
England Masonry, Missouri Masonry, and Pennsylvania Masonry ; of Kentucky, 
Ohio, and Virginia "rites" thus rendering that which should be now, and which 
might be continued to us and our descendants, for all time to come, one in form 
and precisely similar in expression, as variant in both as are the features of those 
that constitute the several Grand Lodges. It is time that we should surrender 
our claim to absolute infallibility, and constitute one supreme power, with 
adequate authority to decide for all. This, doubtless, constituted a principle 
reason for the organization of the two Grand Lodges of England, and was after- 
wards the cause of merging those into one Grand Lodge.' 

"In short, the opinion is, that this Grand Lodge should not contribute towards 
the proposed system of triennial conventions, but follow out to a consistant re- 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 283 

Kult the able argument of our brethren of Missouri, quoted above at such length, 
by doing what it mny to secure the formation of a General Grand Lodge, on 
principles similar to those on which the General Grand Chapter and the General 
Grand Encampment of the United States are based, to exercise powers and to 
perform offices relative to Ancient Craft Masonry, corresponding with those ex- 
ercised and pei formed by those General Grand Bodies with regard to their 
respective subordinate bodies. This General Grand Lodge would be the organ 
of foreign correspondence, the body to be represented and to receive representa- 
tives, to correct abuses and irregularities, to hear and determine appeals, and to 
provide for the supply of all the wants of the several departments of the Institu- 
tution. It 'appears, therefore, to be imperiously demanded, not merely for the 
welfare of the Craft, but for the preservation of our very existence, as a Fraterni- 
ty.' It is a measure fraught with no horror, in the minds of your committee; 
would be submitted to most cheerfully, and its good, it is believed, would large- 
ly overbalance all the evil that can be anticipated to result from it. 

" The M. W. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Maryland has been before 
us in the expression of similar views ; and so clearly and ably that your com- 
mittee cannot forbear to quote him : 

" 'Much has been said within the last few years upon the subject of establish- 
ing a General Grand Lodge for the United States. And although it is well known 
that there are those who think such a measure unnecessary and inexpedient, 
yet it is equally well known that many distinguished Masons, in different parts 
of the country, favor the scheme, and would be glad to see it perfected. From 
indications, scarcely to be mistaken, it is doubtful whether the contemplated 
meeting of a convention of Grand Lodges at Winchester, in May next, will ever 
be held. Yet it seems desirable that there should be a body, with limited juris- 
diction, deriving its existence from the several Grand Lodges, which, meeting 
periodically, might satisfactorily determine matters of general policy, and pre- 
vent innovation upon the ancient usages of the Order. This body, having 
original jurisdiction over all such territory as is now occupied by Grand Lodges, 
would grant dispensations and charters for new Lodges, and thereby prevent all 
collision amongst Lodges, otherwise, perhaps, deriving their existence from 
different Grand Lodges. I would suggest for your consideration, whether it 
would not be judicious to take some action on this subject; and, if your wisdom 
shall advise the measure, that you appoint a time and place for the meeting of 
delegates, to be by you appointed: providing, a majority of the Grand Lodges of 
the different States shall concur in the measure, and appoint delegates. In this 
way the General Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons for the United States was 
formed in 1798, which, since that time, has held its regular meetings, and from 
which much good to the Order has been derived. And I have yet to learn tht 
any grand or subordinate chapter under its jurisdiction has had cause to com- 
plain of injury, or of usurpation of power not delegated to it in the outset. The 
next triennial meeting of the General Grand Chapter and General Grand Kn- 
campment for the United States will be held in the city of Columbus, in the 
State of Ohio, on the second Tuesday in September, 1847; at which time, should 
the proposed measure meet your approbation, and that of other Grand Lodges, 
a convention might be held, with but little inconvenience, to form a constitution 
to be submitted to the several Grand Lodges fur their consideration.' 

" The Grand Lodge supported these views of the M. W. Grand Master by the 
adoption of a resolution, which your committee intend to submit for your adop- 
tion. 



284 HISTORY OF MASONEY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Several other Grand Lodges entertain similar views. 

" From what has been thus submitted, it will at once be seen that the plan of 
sending a delegate abroad 'for the purpose of examining the mode and man- 
ner of Masonic work in foreign countries, and to publish a treatise on his return, 
for the benefit of the Fraternity, to harmonize and furnish some plan of union, 
whereby the work in this and other countries may be the same,' as has been 
proposed by Mississippi, and approved by some other Grand Lodges, is not 
concurred in, under present circumstances ; though admitted to be a measure 
which a General Grand Lodge might adopt with great propriety and usefulness 
if it should so please. 

"Your committee have had great happiness in observing that thoroughness 
in work appears now to be sought for among the Lodges, equally with uni- 
formity and harmony. A disposition is beginning to be manifested every- 
where, rather to make good and thorough, than to make many Masons ; it is 
now realized that the strength of the Institution is rather in the quality than 
the quantity of its members. The practice of hurrying candidates into the 
Institution after they have petitioned, and, when initiated, of carrying them on 
from one degree to another, irrespective of proficiency in the degree or degrees 
taken, is undergoing correction in almost every quarter. It is some happiness 
to know that this comparatively youthful Grand Lodge has been forward in re- 
momsirances against such haste. In 1841 the second year of her existence 
the instructed, that ' petitions of candidates should not be acted on, unless the 
same had lain over at least [one month ;' and in 1843, pronounced it to be one 
of the greatest irregularities of which there was reason to complain in certain 
quarters, that there was 'a disposition to push candidates on through the Sec- 
ond and Third Degrees, before they could possibly be skilled in the First or 
Second,' and declared, that 'the ancient landmarks of the Order require, that 
the Lodge should know that the candidate is well skilled in one degree, before, 
he is advanced to another;' and in 1844, gave force to her expressions in these 
regards, by exemplary discipline in the memorable cases at Nauvoo. Several 
Grand Lodges have adopted the same or similar rules. That of New Hampshire 
has enacted, that 'no candidate for initiation, can be proposed, balloted for, 
or made a Mason, at a special Lodge, nor at any time, unless his application has 
laid over for the consideration of the members, at least four weeks, before he 
can be balloted for, without a dispensation for that purpose;' and that 'all 
Entered Apprentices must work five months as such, before they can be ad- 
mitted to the degree of Fellow Craft. All Fellow Crafts must work in a Lodge 
of Crafts three months, before they can be raised to the sublime degree of Mas- 
ter Mason: Provided, nevertheless, that if any Entered Apprentice or Fellow 
Craft shall make himself thoroughly acquainted with ail the information be- 
longing to his degree, he may be advanced at an earlier period, at the discretion 
of the Lodge.' 

"A foreign Grand Lodge, that of Hanover, has ordained, that 'an Apprentice 
shall remain two years in that degree, and a Fellow Craft one year in that de- 
gree ;' and the M. W. Grand Master decides against any deviation from the 
rule, on the ground, that 'notwithstanding any assertion to the contrary, it is 
absolutely impossible for a brother, let his capacity or assiduity be what it may, 
to acquire in a shorter space, the knowledge of his degree, even in regard to its 
forms and customs. To neglect this regulation,' says he, 'and advance, at the 
expiration of a few months, nay sometimes a few days, a newly initiated mem- 
ber to the Master's degree, is an intolerable abuse; and it has likewise this fault, 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 285 

that it strips away all the merit from that degree, which is the most sublime 
one, and ought never to be attained, but as a reward for zeal, aptness and perse- 
verance." 

"The Grand Lodge of Indiana provides that 'a candidate shall not be initiated 
in less than one month from the time of the filingof his petition;' and that 'more 
than one degree s^iall not be conferred upon the same candidate in less than one 
month.' Our youthful sister of Iowa has decreed that 'no Lodge shall receive 
any petition for initiation or admission, except on the day of a stated regular 
monthly meeting thereof; and no ballot shall be taken upon such petition, ex- 
cept seven members are present, nor until the next monthly meeting after the 
date of its presentation ; nor shall a candidate be advanced to a superior degree 
without satisfactory examination as to his proficiency in the last degree lie 
took.' The provisions of the Grand Lodges of Michigan and Wisconsin are in 
effect the same. ' The practice of examining the candidates in the prior de- 
grees before admission to the higher,' says an able Grand Master, the want of 
the proceedings of whose Grand Lodge has already been noticed M. W. Alex. 
II. Robertson, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New York ' in order to 
ascertain their proficiency, is gaining the favorable notice of Masters of Lodges, 
and can not be too highly valued, nor too strongly recommended to Lodges in 
this jurisdiction. It necessarily requires the novitiate to reflect upon the bear- 
ing of all that has been so far taught him, and consequently to impress upon 
his mind the benuty and utility of those sublime truths, which have been illus- 
trated in the course of the ceremonies he has witnessed in his progress in the 
mystic art. In a word, it will be the means of making competent overseers of 
the work and no candidate should be advanced until he has satisfied the Lodge 
by such an examination, that he has made the necessary proficiency in the 
lower degree those made under dispensation only excepted. 

"These views formed the basis of the resolution already adopted by this 
Grand Lodge, to the strict observance of which it is trusted the subordinate 
Lodges will be held. It certainly had become necessary that the demand of 
'suitable proficiency' in a preceding degree, prior to further promotion, should 
Vie authoritatively defined; for, practically, it had well nigh lost all signiticancy. 
The definition given by this Grand Lodge, it will be seen from the above, is in 
accordance with the formal expressions of a large and most intelligent portion 
of the Fraternity; t. e., that perfection in the preceding degree is necessary to 
satisfy the demand. By concurring with sister Grand Lodges in enforcing this 
rule, the Grand Lodge of Illinois will contribute much towards raising the 
standard of Masonry, and harmonizing its practice with its theory and its prin- 
ciples; for she will make Masons, not merely ceremonially, but intellectually 
and morally. 

" The matter of balloting for candidates, the question whose is the right ? has 
distinctly engaged the attention of your committee. Their views on the sub- 
ject shall be briefly given. 

"The Masonic Institution is, as it professes to be, catholic or universal. In- 
deed, catholicity is of the essence of its character; giving it a feature of strik- 
ing and almost peculiar interest, beauty, and glory. Therefore it is, that there 
is, there can be, properly and truly, but one f.imily of Masons on the wide earth ; 
that the ' Masonic Fraternity everywhere is one band of brothers, the children 
of one father, united by one fundamental constitution, and one sacred cove- 
nant.' Portions, or branches of the family exist in different places, under local 



286 H1STOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

organizations,* but it is to be borne in mind, that all are or should be governed 
by the same common principles, speak the same language, work for the same 
end, and enjoy the same benefits. Hence it is often seen, that if one mem- 
ber suffers all the members suffer with him, and if one member rejoices all the 
members rejoice with him. The Masonic Institution presents in theory, and 
realizes the same to some extent practically, the beautiful spectacle of a univer- 
sal family, the throbbing of the heart of every member of which is but, as it 
were, the pulse of the mighty heart of the whole, beating only to the common 
good. 

"The introduction of a new member into the Institution, is, therefore, a mat- 
ter of singular interest to the entire Fraternity. From the moment of initiation, 
H new heart beats with the family, whose claims for a responsive recognition are 
founded on ties which are the same the world over; and which may in any clime 
or country, thereafter, demand the performance of the vows of a common cove- 
nant. 

" In accordance herewith, your committee deem it a right inherent in every 
member of the Masonic family to raise his voice and free his conscience in vievr 
of such an introduction; they deem it the inalienable privilege of every Mason 
present, on a given occasion, when a candidate is balloted for, to deposit his 
ballot; they hold to be most strictly true the language of a former committee 
of this Grand Lodge, that ' the privilege of balloting for or against an applicant 
is one of the inalienable rights of our time-honored Institution.' 

" This subject has been brought to the especial notice of your committee in 
the foreign correspondence, wherein they discover that the Grand Lodge of 
Hanover has formally recognized the great principle here asserted, by enacting 
that 'In balloting for a candidate for initiation, every visiting brother shall 
have a right to vote, because the candidate, when initiated, becomes a member 
of the Craft in general.' 

"May the consistent example thus set, serve as an incentive to this Grand 
Lodge, to take its stand upon the same high, catholic, and truly Masonic ground ! 

"The 'general rule which governs' the Fraternity 'in the admission of mem- 
bers,' that 'such admission shall be sanctioned by entire unanimity,' should, in 
the opinion of your committee, be rigidly adhered to by this Grand Lodge. It 
is one of those ancient and almost universal provisions, which, by its tender and 
sacred regard for the conscience of every brother, proclaims the entire freeness 
and peculiar beneficence of the Institution of Freemasonry. The theory is, that 
every member of the entire family should be permitted to say, in view of a given 
applicant, whether ho can fulfill the duties and obligations of a brother towards 
him; and that if any brother should conscientiously feel (and a Mason is to be 
supposed to act at all such times, at least, conscientiously), that he can not acquit 
himself of his obligations towards the applicant, hisconsciencc .hall not be forced 
by having that individual brought into such relation towards him; and he, in 
consequence, be constrained, on the one hand, to violate conscience in the per- 
formance of duties which, in that particular case, would be against its convic- 



" * Such organizations are of comparatively very recent date. Previous to 1717, 
Lodges were empowered by inherent privileges vested in the Fraternity at large, 
to meet and act orcaMonally under the direction of some able architect. The 
:uicient charges were the only standard for the regulation of conduct, and no 
law was known in the society which those charges did not inculcate. 

" By such an inherent authority, the Lodge of Antiquity, in London, lias al- 
ways been, and still continues to be governed. Preston's III. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 287 

tions; or, on the other, in the non-fulfillment of positive obligations to this end. 
Sacred and fundamental, therefore, is the rule conceived to be which requires 
that ' no candidate shall be initiated in any Lodge without a clear and unanimous 
ballot in his favor.' Such has ever been the estimate of this Grand Lodge. In 
the year 1842, its declared sentiments on this subject were as follows : 

'"The privilege of balloting for or against an applicant, is one of the inalienable 
rights of our time-honored Institution. The Lodge has no right to introduce 
within its walls any applicant who may be obnoxious to any one of its members ; 
neither has it the right to inquire into the motive which actuated or influenced 
the ballot of any member. 

"'Should a member, forgetful of those Masonic principles so often inculcated 
within our sacred walls, reject a worthy applicant out of private pique or malice, 
the wrong is his own, and to his God alone he is accountable. And better far is 
it that worthy applicants should be rejected time and again, than that the 
sacredness of the ballot should be invaded.' 

"The disposition observed in certain quarters to depart from this ancient 
usage, and thereby sacrifice one of the holiest and most conservative features in 
Masonic government, has, accordingly, excited in the minds of your committee 
unfeigned regret. It is hoped that this Grand Lodge will, in this regard, abide 
by ' the ancient landmarks which our fathers have set,' and that her firm but 
kind remonstrance against the innovation referred to may be heeded, and avail 
to some extent in effecting its correction. 

"It may be considered as following naturally from the above, that your com- 
mittee should hold that to be a good and wholesome provision, already adopted 
by this Grand Lodge, which requires that whenever a ballot has been had in a 
given case, and the result has been the rejection of the applicant, such result 
should govern absolutely the entire Fraternity, for the space of twelve months; 
and after the same, ' unless there be present all who were present at the time of 
taking the first ballot,' or permission shall have been obtained from the Gram! 
Master for balloting the second time on an application from the same indi- 
vidual. 

"Unusual and most extraordinary apprehensions appear to have been enter- 
tained in many portions of the Masonic family in this country, for some time 
past, lest imposture should obtain some success among us, and our confidence, 
our charities, our rites, one and all, be, in consequence, shared or participated 
in by the unworthy or 'clandestine.' So great and imminent has this imagined 
evil seemed to some prominent members of the Fraternity, as to have prompted 
them to effort hardly less than that which has been put forth in regard to work, 
in providing a safeguard against it additional to those which our 'fathers set,' 
and deemed sufficient and surer in its operation than the ancient mystic tongue 
which the true craftsman only can utter purely and without 'stammering lips.' 
Grand Lodge certificates have emanated hence, and from the circumstances of 
their origin and the end they were intended to serve, it might be expected that 
they should be made, wherever it was possible, absolute requisitions. Unhappily, 
this Grand Lodge, at a former communication, gave to them such importance. 
The inutility, inexpediency, and impropriety of the measure have been experi- 
enced in such signal instances, as to render each marked in the extreme. But 
in this our Grand Lodge is not alone; several other Grand Lodges have held 



288 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

them in the same high estimate; several, however, have proposed them with 
qualifications, and many, your committee are happy to say, have reprobated 
them as an infringement on the ancient rules and regulations. These last have 
not been able to sympathize either in the fears which prompted them, or in the 
dread of the evils against whieh they were intended as an additional safeguard, 
or to appreciate them highly above the means peculiar to the Institution for the 
prevention of imposture, or to feel that a regulation like that with which they 
are sought to be imposed would not be an 'innovation in the body of Masonry,' 
against which duty requires them to contend thinking they may neither add 
to nor take aught from the deposit solemnly committed to them. The Grand 
Lodges of Connecticut, Maryland, Mississippi, and Indiana, may be mentioned 
as of this class, and who do not, therefore, adopt the system; and, as they inform 
us, those of Rhode Island and Ohio. In the opinion of the Grand Lodge of 
Maryland, expressed through its committee, your committee concur, viz.: that 
' a Grand Lodge diploma should only be regarded as evidence that the individual 
may be examined, under the certainty that if he proves himself a Mason, he is 
not an expelled or clandestine made Mason, but in good standing;' in other 
words, that he was 'initiated in a regular Lodge.' Thus viewed, Grand Lodge 
certificates are matters of indifference evidence collateral only, which may be 
regarded or waived at the pleasure of any Mason or body of Masons to whoin 
they may be preferred. It is hoped that the day is far, very far distant, when 
they shall generally be rested on the higher ground of requisition, and the eye, the 
ear, and the touch, the eminently Masonic senses, be, in consequence, inter- 
dicted a recognition of those peculiar means by which the Institution has 
provided that admission should be gained 'into all regular and well governed 
Lodges of Masons;' when, in short, the language of Masonry shall fail to make 
itself heard, and a scrip of parchment, of modern devise, not of the Institution, 
but an excresence upon it, shall be required to gain for it the notice which it 
may claim, and become the sure passport to the hospitalities and charities of 
'Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons.' How shall I know you to be a Mason, is 
a question which the language of Masonry answers, and which being answered, 
in a given case, according to the terms of the Institution, additional evidence 
may not be required, but at the hazard of 'innovation,' such as 'it is not in the 
power of any man or body of men to make.' 

"And what is the end proposed to be gained by the innovation? Why, to 
render us infallibly sure, a degree beyond the assurance of other means, against 
imposture; to render perfect the guard over our confidence, our charities, and 
our rites, against the seceding, the renouncing, the clandestine, the suspended, 
or the expelled Mason ! Now, as forgery is a crime far less dreaded than that of 
perjury, so will he who would commit the latter, not long hesitate to add the 
former to his measure of guilt, if his end may thus be gained. Let our 'due 
examination' be considered, and it will be seen that that great crime is the first 
in the series of ascending barriers at the portals of our Institution, whose height 
well nigh reaches the clouded canopy above, impenetrable for their intricacy, 
and that they may not be scaled by him whose goings are not ordered in up- 
rightness. If one should have the hardihood to try the difficult ascent, when he 
should reach the newly proposed topmost bar, it would be found but as a thread 
of gossamer in his way. So little efficacious, practically, would Grand Lodge 
certificates be found. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 289 

" But to ' climb up some other way,' as ' the thief and the robber,' is very rarely 
attempted, and for all the cases of such imposition, a rigid appliance of the de- 
tectives of the Institution will fully avail. If, perchance, it were otherwise, and 
one in a thousand were to be successful; what then? what would be proved but 
that in one wonderful instance in this 19th century, the knavery and the wicked- 
ness of man had united with the cunning of the deceiver to such an extent as to 
have triumphed over impediments that have proved efficacious in opposing 
invasion for well nigh five thousand years. Let us not be wiser than our fathers. 

" But what would be gained by the successful impostor, or what of loss would 
he cost us? Impostor, thief, perjurer, in largest characters, would glare with a 
more than phosphorescent brightness upon everything without upon which he 
looked, and from his mind within, till his bewildered vision would render him 
all harmless to say the least as regards the Institution, and lead him to seek 
covert from himself, his convictions, and his shame. What, if admitted to our 
rites, could the seceding or renouncing, the suspended or expelled Mason after- 
wards say of us that he might not say without such an admission, except that 
there is now a holier tone in the Institution than when he disgraced it by 
apostacy or by grossness ? What could the base impostor say at which we should 
revolt? Is not all our work guided by the 'Great Light,' in the moral as well as 
the Masonic world? Tne betrayer of us, then, can do us no harm; and is not 
this proven by the experience of the last twenty years? Have not the false, tho 
impostors, the professed revelators, within that period, really, though indirectly, 
given to Masonry its present towering strength? Has not the Institution been 
improved by their means ? For a small moment the wrath of the enemy seemed 
to prevail, and she seemed forsaken; but she was undergoing purification only, 
and she has come forth as gold from the furnace, mightier now than ever. 

' Your committee can but feel that the brethren generally are in too much fear 
of imposture. We have seen that it has no power to harm us as a body; that 
any serious harm can accrue to us as individuals, from an occasional improper 
tax upon our confidence or our charity, is not believed. Such bondage to fear, 
in the regard under consideration, argues unfavorably for the strength of our 
cause, and the adequacy of the safeguards of our 'Ancient Masonic Institution.' 
Your committee are, therefore, content with the Institution as it is, fortified by 
' the ancient landmarks which our fathers have set,' without the requisition of 
Grand Lodge certificates believing with our brethren of Connecticut, that 
' there are rules and rites, co-existent with Masonry itself, by which every Lodge 
may and should guard itself against all imposition ; and to be imposed upon by 
a clandestine made Mason, or one who is under the sentence of expulsion or 
suspension, or in any other manner, must show a very great forgetfulness of the 
obligations by which the Fraternity are bound.' 

"In the disagreements which have already arisen, and are likely to arise out 
of this matter, your committee see another and most urgent reason for the for- 
mation of a General Grand Lodge. 

" If any Grand Lodge should insist on requiring Grand Lodge certificates, and 
refuse communion without them, where shall lie the appeal ? who or what shall 
interpose to heal the schism? 

"Your committee observe that Masonic education is a leading subject which 
appears to be engaging the attention of the brethren universally, and awakening 
them to action. Foremost in this humane cause stands the Grand Lodge of 
Missouri, whose noble efforts in this regard excite admiration, and are beyond 
all praise. Her Masonic college for the education of destitute orphans, is the 

20 



290 HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

first successful public charity of the kind ever yet attempted in our country,* and 
through the favor of the Supreme Grand Master, will cause untold numbers, in 
generations to come, to rise up and call those noble craftsmen blessed who pro- 
jected and achieved that 'great and glorious undertaking.' It stands as a 
monument of the wisdom that devised, and of the energetic charity that 
accomplished a result which serves to the whole Fraternity as a beacon light to 
guide them to the noblest and most effectual mode for dispensing their charity. 
Already has it stirred many an impulse in the same direction in other quarters, 
and moved to correspondent action. 

"The Grand Lodge of Misssissippi has adopted the same educational system, 
and the signal success which has already crowned its action since its adoption, 
is such as to reflect the highest credit upon the brethren supporting it, whilst it 
confers upon the Masonic Institution the distinguished honor of maintaining 
the only free schools in that State. It is learned through the brethren of New 
Hampshire, who refer to the same with approbation, that the Grand Lodge of 
Kentucky has moved in the same matter, by 'requesting each and every subor- 
dinate Lodge under her jurisdiction to appoint a committee, whose duty it shall 
be to find out all the orphan children of deceased Masons within the limits of 
its jurisdiction, and those who are in indigent circumstances, and send said 
children to the school in the neighborhood where they live, and pay for the same 
out of the funds of the Lodge, and by subscriptions from members and transient 
members,' and providing that 'if there can not be means enough raised by such 
sources, then the Grand Lodge may appropriate such sums as it may deem 
proper for such purposes, by petition being made for the same.' 

" The brethren in Indiana and Maryland are engaged with reference to the 
same holy cause, as, your committee indirectly learn, are they of North Carolina, 
Tennessee, and Alabama. This mode of dispensing Masonic charity appears to 
he free from all objections, is secure against perversion of loss, and is effective 
in accomplishing the greatest amount of good. Your committee would therefore 
express the hope that this Grand Lodge will not be backward in appreciating 
and practicing it, but that by generous, prompt, and decided action, she will 
speedily place herself high in this rank of usefulness and honor. 

" To another and most truly legitimate mode of practicing Masonic charity, 
attention has been given in certain quarters. The brethren of Mississippi have 
been forward in the example. The R. W. Dep. Grand Master of that Grand 
Lodge thus speaks of the subject to which your committee now refer: 

"'I learn, with unmingled feelings of gratification, that some of our subordi- 
nate Lodges have lately adopted a system of action which secures to every sick 
brother during his illness the constant attendance of a Master Mason. The 
Masters of these subordinate Lodges are required to appoint monthly a com- 
mittee, whose sole duty consists in ascertaining the invalids amongst them, and 
appointing daily two Master Masons to attend each indisposed brother. The 
unparalleled mortality of the past year has convinced us all, not only of the 
utility, but of the absolute necessity of some general permanent system of this 



*The first charity of the kind ever successfully attempted anywhere, was 
the institution of the Royal Cumberland Freemason's School, in England, on the 
25th of March, A. L>. 1788. It was for maintaining, clothing, and educating the 
female children and orphans of indigent brethren. By liberal contributions the 
institution was so established as to reflect greatest honor upon the Fraternity. 
Upwards of 550 children educated in it, have, by their character in after life, 
added a lustre to Freemasonry, while there has been but one blot on the bright 
escutcheon, and in that case there was much more to pity than to blame. 



HISTOHY OF MASONBY IN ILLINOIS. 291 

character, and I should prove recreant to duty, did I not urge upon this Grand 
Lodge the propriety of adopting effectual measures to secure this desirable end. 
To visit the sick, and to supply their wants and administer comfort, is one of 
the grand charities of our Order; but to effect this, organization and system are 
essentially necessary. Divided duty is seldom performed, and that which 
should be the duty of all, usually receives the attention of none. Let us, 
brethren, adopt effective measures to free ourselves from the charge of negli- 
gence in this particular. Let us not apply the speculative character of our work 
to our charity, but rather let us practice out of our Lodges the excellent lessons 
of brother love, relief, and charity, which are taught us in them. Let us look 
through the emblems and symbols of Freemasonry to the discharge of the great 
moral duties which they inculcate, and we may confidently anticipate the day 
when the uniform and salutary, though silent and unseen influence of our prin- 
ciples, will effectually silence the tongue of culumny, and weaken, if not forever 
extinguish, the unjustifiable rancor and hatred of our enemies.' 

"The Committee on Correspondence of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, 
in recommending this subject to the attention of their Grand Lodge, say that 
' none of the beautiful precepts of Masonry have higher claims than that of 
visiting, sympathizing with, and aiding those upon whom disease has laid its 
heavy hands.' 

" Your committee have great joy in knowing that what is so commended here, 
has already begun to be practiced among us. The by-laws of Oriental Lodge 
No. 33, in the city of Chicago, exhibit the brethren who compose it as alive to 
tiiis department of Masonic charity and duty. The example is commended as 
worthy of general imitation and adoption. 

"The importance of a general diffusion of Masonic intelligence, disposes your 
committee to regard with favor the Masonic periodicals now published, and to 
recommend that each Lodge within this jurisdiction subscribe for one or more 
of each of them, to be the property of such Lodge, and to be kept in its hall, or in 
a room appendant thereto, for the use of all the members of the Craft who may 
wish to consult them. 

" If an equal sum should be annually expended in the purchase of well se- 
lected volumes, embodying the literature of the Institution, with its history and 
constitutions, our several Masonic halls would present liberal attractions for 
reading, such as could not fail to influence widely. Each hall would thus fur- 
ni.sh a Masonic ' reading room,' to which the members of the Craft would gladly 
resort, as a means by which to render their profession intelligent, and so pre- 
pare them to discharge their several duties with honor to themselves, and satis- 
faction to the Fraternity generally. How far this would promote the real and 
permanent good of the Masonic Institution, your committee will not attempt to 
estimate. 

"In calling the attention of this Grand Lodge to the fact, admitted on a'l 
sides, that unfaithfulness and imperfection in the discharge of Masonic duties 
and obligations with those who have assumed them, is usually precisely com- 
mensurate with the degree of ignorance of its principles characterizing tl.e 
same persons, your committee believe that they will have put this Grand Body 
in possession of a means of making such estimate with more correctness than 
it can be done by themselves, and that the conviction will not be slow in forcing 
itself on all, that the measure now proposed is wise and gopd, and therefore 
worthy of adoption. 



292 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

" It would essentially further the interest now considered, if a periodical de- 
voted to the Craft could be successfully established among us. The matter, it 
is believed, is in contemplation in a certain quarter. It is hoped that it may 
issue in accordance with the wishes of the great body of the Fraternity, who are 
ready to second such an effort for the common good. 

"Through these means, and a free interchange of Grand Lodcre proceedings, 
very satisfactory provision is afforded for rendering the Fraternity intelligent 
in regard to our Institution. Each part of this is simple and effective, and may 
be adapted to all conditions and exigencies. The whole is perhaps as much as 
we are capable of using efficiently and with profit, in our present isolation and 
relative independence; until we shall be united into one body, to be informed 
and guided by it as a general head, more complex means would ill befit us. 

"'The representative system,' as it is termed, is of such complex character ; 
and, on many distinct accounts, is little in favor with your committee. The 
Committee on Correspondence of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, who are 
in favor of the system, so fairly state it, that they may bring it before you. 
'This,' [system] say they, 'is of recent origin it promises, as your committee 
believe, much good to the cause of Masonry. 

"'The practice, so far asjit prevails, is this: The Grand Lodge of one State 
appoints some individual as her representative in some other Grand Lodge, 
The representative appointed is received and accredited by the Grand Lodge 
to which he is sent. He sometimes resides within the jurisdiction of the Lodge 
sending him : but more frequently in that of the Lodge to which he is sent. A 
Grand Lodge wishing to derive the advantages growing out of such a repre- 
sentation, recommends to a sister Grand Lodge some suitable person to be her 
representative, and asks a similar favor; the Grand Lodge sent to, approves the 
recommendation or not, at her pleasure ; and will recommend or not, as she 
chooses, some person near her own Grand Lodge to be representative of her 
sister Grand Lodge. 

"'The object of this system is to bring the Grand Lodges of the different 
States into more intimate connection with each other to bind them more closely 
together as one great brotherhood, and facilitate the interchange of communi- 
cations and intelligence generally. 

"'From the very nature of the ease, the powers and duties of such representa- 
tives are not defined with precision ; there is no one body which has the power 
to <lo this. The different Lodges of different Slates are entirely independent of 
each other, and whatever is done by one Grand Lodge affecting interests out of 
his own jurisdiction has no binding authority till that action receives the con- 
currence and approval of the Lodges generally; and even then each Grand 
Lodge will remain entirely independent and at liberty to pursue her own course, 
though what is ascertained to be for the benefit of the Craft generally has ever 
been regarded as entitled to its influence upon the whole body. 

"' There is another object which we think may be effected by this system of 
representation. Questions are continually arising in one State affecting the 
interest of Masonry in another. Protests may be sent representations may 
be made; but business will be poorly attended to in this way. This system may 
be made to afford great facilities for the transaction of all business of this 
character. Except in cases where a Grand Lodge sends one of its members to 
another, this system is attended with trifling expense to any of the parties. Per- 
sons are generally appointed to this station who would, without the appointment, 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 298 

attend the meetings of their Grand Lodge; it will of course be attended with 
no expense to them. The representative is provided with the regalia of the 
State he represents, which is nearly all the expense necessary. The system has 
received the approval of a large number of the Grand Lodges.' And, the com- 
mittee might have added, the disapproval of a number. Unless the system 
should be generally adopted, its ends can be but imperfectly answered; if gen- 
erally adopted, it would be found cumbrous in the extreme, and expensive be- 
yond ordinary ability. Contrary to the opinion above adduced, your committee 
believe that the cost of the measure ought to be specifically counted before its 
adoption ; for that, from a most cursory estimate which they have given it, the 
tax of the svstem will be past being borne. In the simple matter of the required 
regalia, there would be at once involved an amount of expenditure which but 
very few of the Grand Lodges are able to incur. Let us examine and ascertain 
as near as we may what it would be likely to be. 

'There are at present in this country thirty Grand Lodges; one in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and one in each Territory and State, with the exception of 
Vermont. Now, the plan is that each of these thirty Grand Lodges be repre- 
sented at all of the others. The expense incident to such representation, in the 
cheapest manner proposed, is that which must be involved in furnishing the 
representatives with proper regalia. Such regalia for each representative, it is 
supposed, could be procured for about one hundred dollars, such being the 
price of that with which your committee have known some representatives to be 
invested. At this rate, proper regalia for thirty representatives would amount 
to three thousand dollars! Should any Grand Lodge seek to be represented 
abroad also, the expense would be increased according to the estimate above 
given. Here is presented the lowest cost of the plan, unless indeed the cost of 
the regalia be reduced. If that be done, say one half, its aggregate cost fully 
carried out, to each Grand Lodge, would be, but fifteen hundred dollars! 

"If the representation were to be effected, not by the choice of Masons as 
representatives, whose residence is at or near the place of meeting of the Grand 
Lodge in which representation is sought to be had, but by sending Masons from 
the jurisdiction to be represented, the expense would, of course, be vastly in- 
creased ; it would in nearly all cases, be doubled, and in some quadrupled. 

" Now, it is submitted whether this Grand Lodge is prepared for this ? Can 
it concur in so expensive a system ? 

" But the system, if fully tried, will be found to be as cumbrous as it is ex>- 
pensive. What, for instance, would be the position of this Grand Lodge to-day, 
if she were called on to discharge the duties that would be owed to thirty or 
forty foreign representatives near her, and to regard duly representatives of her 
own in an equal number abroad ? Is not the thought of the complexity cf the 
plan truly forbidding? It is, in the opinion of your committee, too expen- 
sive and complex for adoption; other and more simple means may answer its 
purposes, and this, which is of so 'recent origin,' be therefore permitted to 
'sleep awhile.' Your committee will not disguise the fact of their belief, that 
by a General Grand Lodge its adoption might be feasible and eminently useful. 
In such connection, it would be free from the objections offered to it, as at 
present proposed, and might prove effective in promoting ends correspondent 
with those which are answered by the system of representation in operation at 
the scat of, and by, our general civil government. With such system it would 
be in analogy. But what would be thought of the proposal to extend that sys- 



291 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

tem to the several State and Territorial governments in this country, as this 
system of Masonic representation is proposed with respect to the several Grand 
Lodges? 

"A general Masonic government your committee believe to be the only body 
that can with propriety either put itself, or be put, forward as the organ of cor- 
respondence, the head of government, the body to represent and be represent- 
ed, and, by consequence, to receive and transmit general information, concern- 
ing the entire family. For such and further reasons offered by the Grand 
Lodge of Maryland, they deem the adoption of the plan unnecessary and inex- 
pedient. 

'"Without having the necessary documents before them,' says that Grand 
Lodge, through the report of its committee, 'conclusively to show the fact, they 
believe the system originated some years ago in our sister Grand Lodge of New 
York; the object of which was to facilitate a more familiar intercourse between 
the different Grand Lodges, both here and in Europe, and thereby to extend 
the benevolent designs of the Institution. 

'" The mode of effecting this object is, that each Grand Lodge shall appoint 
a representative at all other Grand Lodges, to whom all communications may 
be sent from the Grand Lodge he represents, necessary to be transmitted to 
that to which he is appointed a representative. This representative is not in- 
tended to be a member of the Grand Lodge he represents, or even a citizen of 
the State or county in which his appointment is made, but a citizen of the place 
whore he is to perform the functions of his office, and, perhaps, a member 
of the same Grand Lodge in which he is to represent a foreign body. 

"'In order to carry out the system in a manner to do honor to this Grand 
Lodge, should it be thought expedient to adopt it, your committee are of opinion 
that, in the first place, the Grand Secretary should open a negotiation with each 
Grand Lodge, with which you wish to stand in this relation, and ascertain 
whether it will be agreeable to that body to accept your terms of friendly inter- 
course. If accepted, some suitable person, residing near that Grand Lodge 
should lie appointed, to whom you will issue your commission, and at the same 
time furnish him with the appropriate clothing and jewel of this Grand Lodge. 

"'Your committee might, perhaps, with propriety stop here, and consider 
that they had executed the duties of their appointment; but they will take the 
liberty to suggest, that inasmuch as it is a generally adopted rule that each 
Grand Secretary shall communicate with all others, at least, so far as to transmit 
printed copies of the journal of the proceedings of his Grand Lodge, and as all 
matters proper and necessary to be communicated from one Grand Lodge to 
another can (as it should seem) be as well communicated through that officer as 
through a representative, who is not presumed to have greater knowledge of 
the affairs of the body he represents than any other stranger, until it shall be 
specially transmitted to him, they do not understand how a greater familiarity, 
or a more friendly intercourse, can be effected through the one channel than the 
other. 

'"The committee would farther suggest, that the appointment of representa- 
tives by this Grand Lodge would, in their opinion, be attended with a very con- 
siderable outlay of expense, while they are not satisfied that the system is likely 
to effect any important good to the Fraternity.' 

"The relation between the several bodies which have cognizance of the 
different departments of the Masonic Institution is involved in the third section 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 295 

of the fourth article of the constitution of the Grand Lodge of Wisconsin, and is 
of such importance as to deserve a notice in this report. 

" The article says : 'The expulsion or suspension of a brother from a Royal 
Arch chapter, or an encampment of Knights Templar, shall not operate as an 
expulsion from the Lodge of which he is a member.' 

" The Committee on Correspondence of the Grand Lodge of Maryland, 'in 
brotherly kindness and regard,' commented upon this article at some length. 
Their views are so clear and just that your committee have thought it well to 
adopt them, and present their entire report on the subject : 

" 'This is a subject in dispute by various Grand Lodges, and your committee 
are not aware that this Grand Lodge has decided the point, or that there is a 
uniform rule of action among the subordinates of this Grand Lodge. Your com- 
mittee do not wish or intend disrespect to any body, or individual, who rnay 
entertain the doctrine expressed in this section, when they say that such a 
position is unjust and absurd. Byway of illustration let us suppose a case: 
A, B, C, and D, are members of Lodge No. 3, and Chapter No. 1. A is expelled by 
the Lodge, and afterwards goes to a meeting of the Chapter: will B, C, and D, 
sit there with him ? Can they do it? or will they not require that the Chapterdeal 
with him as did the Lodge? Suppose that he has been expelled by the Chapter 
instead of the Lodge, and afterwards attempts to sit in the Lodge with B, C, and 
D ; are they not in the same relative positions to each other? And if the Chap- 
ter did right in expelling him, because he had been expelled by the Lodge, 
would the Lodge be doing more or less than right in doing as the Chapter had 
done? Would the square be broken or the level destroyed in the one case, and 
not in the other? Suppose B, C, and D to be Master and Wardens of the Lodge; 
A is expelled by the Chapter, and the Lodge refuses to do so; could not B, C, or 
D, whichever was acting as Master, refuse to admit him, the Lodge being open ? 
Suppose the Lodge not open, and the installed officers refuse to open while A 
was there, could the Lodge be opened by a past installed officer, or any other 
member, against the order of the Master? We hold it to be the duty of a Lodge, 
Chapter, or Eecampment, to believe that a body expelling a member, did so for 
good and sufficient cause, on just and proper trial, in accordance with Masonic 
law, and, therefore, bound by the square to go and do likewise, unless he require 
of them a trial, in which the evidence producing his expulsion shall be before 
the tribunal appealed to, with such as may be obtained; and if, after such in- 
vestigation, they shall judge that he ought not to have been expelled, they 
should refer the case to the first or expelling body, soliciting a re-hearing, and 
showing the reason why he should not be expelled. Should the expelling body, 
after such re-hearing, still continue the sentence of expulsion, contrary to the 
views of the second body, he should stand expelled from all, unless an appeal 
be taken to the Grand Lodge, Chapter, or Encampment, whichever may have 
the jurisdiction over the expelling body; and should the sentence be there sus- 
tained, all should be bound by that decision, and act accordingly. This course 
appears to be proper and just, although cases may arise in which injustice may 
seem to be done ; yet it is held that improper motives are not to be attributed 
by one party to another, but remember that they are brethren .acting up to their 
obligations to each other, according to the principles and precepts of Masonry.' 

"Whether a subordinate Lodge may try its own Master, has been of late 
widely discussed, and, for the importance of the principles involved, deserves to 
be brought to the notice of this Grand Lodge. In Mississippi, the case origina- 
ted which has called up the subject, with especial interest, at this time. The R. 



296 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

W. D. Grand Master of that State submitted the case to his Grand Lodge as fol- 
lows : 

"'Your attention is respectfully solicited to the consideration of a very 
momentous and important question of Masonic jurisprudence, which lias been 
called forth by the action of one of our subordinate Lodges, during the pa>t 
year. It assumed and exercised the power of expelling its own Master, who was 
also the Senior Grand Warden of this Grand Lodge. If the rule adopted by the 
triennial convention of Baltimore, that "no subordinate Lodge can try its own 
Master, but that he is amenable to the Grand Lodge, alone," be correct, the 
whole proceeding is absolutely null and void, and the brother is still our Senior 
Grand Warden. The conformity of this rule with the Old Constitutions of Mason- 
ry, and its almost universal approval by the Craft, have given to it the binding 
force and sanction of a law. I do not feel disposed to question either its wisdom 
or propriety. By it the Master of a Lodge is exempt from trial whilst he con- 
tinues in office; so also is the Grand Master of a State, for he is, by virtue of his 
office, the Master of all the subordinate Lodges within his jurisdiction. Does 
not the same rule hold good as to all the officers of the Grand Lodge? One of 
the reasons upon which the rule is founded, is, as I suppose, that the subordinate 
Lodge might, by expulsion of its successive Masters, deprive itself of all its 
officers, and thus work its own temporary, if not permanent dissolution. The 
same reason will apply with equal, nay, with greater force to the case of the 
Grand Lodge, as each of its subordinates might, by the exercise of this power, 
expel all its grand officers, and thus effect its virtual destruction. The action of 
the subordinate Lodge, as to the Senior Grand Warden, is certainly an anomaly 
in the history of government, as I can recollect no instance where one of a 
numerous constituency has been permitted to depose an officer whom all have 
concurred in selecting. Each of the subordinate Lodges is but a unit of this 
Grand Lodge, and the aggregation of these units forms the constituency of its 
grand officers. You might with equal propriety give to any one member of the 
leetorial college of our nation the power to depose the President, whom all 
have concurred in selecting, as to suffer a subordinate Lodge to expel an officer 
whom all the Masons throughout the State have elevated to office. This power 
is certainly withheld in the former case, and I can see no plausible reason why 
it should be conferred in the latter. As in the political, so also in the Masonic 
government, the constituent bodies of each may, by its representatives, impeach 
before the proper tribunal their general officers, but never depose them. What 
is the proper tribunal in our government? Certainly thjp Grand Lodge, to which, 
by the Old Constitutions, was intrusted the sole power of suspending or expell- 
ing, not merely its own officers, but even the private members of the Craft. 
Could I see no other objection to the action of the subordinate Lodge, its 
novelty, and startling violation of all the usages of good government, would be 
with me insurmountable. To you, brethren, the question is submitted, with 
nn earnest request that you will give it that calm and serious investigation which 
its novelty and importance demand.' 

"The Grand Lodge sustained these views of the Grand Master, at the same 
time that it maintained the justness of the grounds upon which the subordinate 
Lodge had acted, by expelling the individual ' from all the rights, privileges, and 
benefits of Masonry.' 

"A counter view is presented by the Committee on Correspondence of the 
Grand Lodge of New Hampshire. That committee says : 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 207 

"'The convention assembled at Baltimore expressed the opinion that a subor- 
dinate Lodge had not a right to try its Master. The Grand Lodges of Massa- 
chusets. Arkansas, and Mississippi concur in that opinion, some of the other 
Grand Lodges dissent. The principle ground of this opinion is that a Master of 
a Lodge is a member of the Grand Lodge, and therefore only amenable for any 
of his acts to that body. It is replied, that the same reasoning would equally 
apply to the Wardens. 

"The right view of this question, it seems to your committee, has not been 
taken. The report of the minority of the committee in the Grand Lodge of 
Mississippi upon this question, which came before that Lodge, comes nearer to 
the true view than any other we have met. 

"' A glance at the history of our Grand Lodges and their powers must settle 
this question. The time was, when there existed no Grand Lodge, the whole 
authority of course then rested in what are now termed subordinate Lodges. 
Many inconveniences were found to grow out of this state of things, and a 
remedy was attempted by a union of a number of Lodges, through certain offi- 
cers appointed for that purpose, which resulted in the establishment of the 
regular Grand Lodges of the present day. The powers which they at present 
possess, it is apparent, must have grown up gradually, and must have been con- 
ceded to them by the original Lodges, and was so much taken from them. 
Grand Lodges, then, could possess only those powers which were expressly 
granted to them by the subordinates to whom they owe their very existence. 
These powers are defined in the constitutions of those bodies, or sanctioned by 
long continued use and acquiesence; and whatever powers are not thus found 
to be conceded to the Grand Lodges are retained still in the primitive state. 
The right, then, which any Lodge has to try its Master, does not rest in opinion, 
but it is a question of fact whether it have parted with this power; and this 
question, in the view of your committee, there is one instrument, and one only, 
which can settle, and that is the constitution of the Grand Lodge. Your com- 
mittee do not question the right of the subordinate Lodges, by their representa- 
tives in the Grand Lodge, to confer that power upon the latter body; but until 
that is done, we are very clearly of opinion that the power is retained where 
it originally was. The question of naked right, and of expediency, are two very 
different things, which are too apt to be blended together; and the latter but 
too often exerts more than its legitimate influence upon the former upon the 
Utter we are not called to express an opinion. In the constitution of the Grand 
Lodge of Wisconsin, recently adopted, we noticed a provision of this kind, 
vesting this power in the Grand Lodge it, the only provision of the kind in 
any of our constitutions which has fallen within our observation.' 

'Your committee are disposed to favor this view of our brethren in New 
Hampshire. The subject is important in the last degree, and requires to be 
adjudicated by some central, general authority, that justice and uniformity rnny 
prevail. 

" Under what jurisdiction should be the Past Master's degree, whether that 
of the Master's Lodge or Chapter, one or both, is a question which has been 
occupying the attention of some of our sister Grand Lodges. 

"Article 6th of the constitution of Missouri provides, that ' it shall be the 
duty of each subordinate Lodge to cause the degree or order of Past Master to 
b j conferred upon the Worshipful Master and Wardens elect, as sopn after their 
election as is possible and convenient.' 

21 



298 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

"This provision, extending the degree of Past Master to the Warden* a well 
as Masters elect of a subordinate Lodge, seems to your committee to be in conflict 
with the nature of the degree as exhibited in its history and objects with its 
teachings, and Masonic usage. 

'No person has a right to receive it who has not been actually elected to pre- 
side over a regular Lodge. The degree thus restricts itself, and necessarily ex- 
cludes from its possession those elected Wardens merely. The practice of con- 
ferring this degree upon Masons not previously elected to preside as Masters in 
the chair orignated in Maryland some twenty-five or thirty years since, with the 
view, as is declared, of facilitating the advancement of Chapters then in their 
infancy. But this usage is very properly acknowledged and condemned by the 
Grand Lodge of that State as an innovation. Yet, strange to say, Mr. Cole, in 
his ' Masonic Library,' treats the subject as if authoritatively settled otherwise ; 
and his is the only sanction known for the provision quoted from the constitu- 
tion of the Grand Lodge of Missouri. His statement is as follows : 

'"Formerly none but those who, having by a steady line of conduct, and the 
most unremitting exertions, in the cause of Masonry, been selected by their 
brethren, and placed as chief overseers of the work, were made acquainted with 
the mysteries contained in this degree; and such only were considered as le- 
gally authorized to sit and act, as representatives in the general grand convo- 
cations; but inconsequence of the manner in which the divine influence of 
Masonry has been extended over the greater parts of the habitable globe, it has 
been found convenient to confer this knowledge on any worthy Master, who 
may obtain the unanimous consent of the Past Masters of the Lodge of which 
he is at that time a member. 

" ' No Master can, however, obtain the honorary degree of Past Master in any 
other Lodge than that of which he is a working member, except in a Chapter of 
B. A. Masons, who possess the privilege of conferring all the intermediate de- 
grees, by a right inherent in them.' 

"The foundation of this teaching being assumption, and contrary to Masonic 
right, however well intended, the practice which is in accordance with it can 
but be regarded as erroneous. So our brethren in Maryland, with whom it or- 
iginated, have themselves, as already stated, admitted. 

" But the point still remains, who shall confer the Past Master's degree on the 
Master. On this subject the Grand Lodge of Maryland, through its Committee 
on Correspondence, holds the following language: 

'" The first topic to which they would call your attention is of a local nature, 
and was -suggested by the report on correspondence of the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois, which says :' 

"'"The Grand Lodge of Maryland approves of the system of lectures as 
adopted and aereed upon by the convention of Masons at Baltimore, in May, 
1843, and has directed that the same be adopted by all the Lodges under her 
jurisdiction. She refuses her assent to the sendfng of a delegate to Europe. 
She has forbidden the subordinate Lodges under her jurisdiction to confer the 
degree of Past Master on any one who has not been duly elected to preside in 
the chair (a practice we did not suppose had ever obtained under the jurisdiction 
of any Grand Lodge). She is also in favor of the establishment of a Grand 
Masonic. Convention to meet triennially, possessing certain specified powers." 

"'Your committee have, on a former occasion, felt it their duty to correct a 
similar error, into which our New York brethren had fallen in relation to the 
Past Master's degree ; the expression used by our Illinois brethren, "a practice 
we did not suppose hacf eve.r qbtained tinder the jurisdiction of any Orand Lodge," 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 290 

must serve as the excuse for the notice which your committee take of the sub- 
ject, and the remarks they intend to make thereon. Your committee desire to 
approach this subject with due respect; so far as their information extends, 
they believe this practice originated with some of the members of the Grand 
Lodge of Maryland, some twenty or twenty-five, perchance thirty years since, 
with the view, as is supposed, of facilitating the advancement of the Chapters, 
then in their infancy; and they believe received the sanction of the Grand 
Lodge by the imposition of a tax on the degree, which tax. however, has long 
since been abandoned, although the practice of conferring the degree has not 
shared the same fate. Having been practiced by nearly all subordinate 
Lodges for the above period, this assumption has acquired the sanctity of 
" ancient usage." Thus much for its origin : let us now calmly view the situation 
in which we are placed by this innovation. It is a matter of surprise to some of 
our sister Grand Lodges that such a thing should exist, and to others a matter 
of rejoicing when they believed, though erroneously, that the practice was 
abandoned. But again, it is an assumption of the inherent rights and preroga- 
tives of another body, which brings us into direct conflict with what body, and 
places those of us who belong to both bodies in an awkward and unpleasant 
predicament. The constitution of the G. G. Chapter provides that " the several 
State Grand Chapters shall have the sole government and superintendence of 
the several R. A. Chapters and Lodges of the M. E., Past, and M. M. Masons, 
within their respective jurisdictions," &c. " No dispensation or charter shall be 
granted for instituting Lodges of M. E., Past, or M. Masters, independent of a 
Chapter of R. A. Masons;" and without such dispensation or charter they are 
declared illegal, and " Masonic communication, both public and private, is here- 
by interdicted and forbidden between any Chapter or Lodge, or any member 
of either of them; and any Chapter, Lodge, or assembly, that may be so illegally 
formed, opened, or holden, without such charter, or any or either of their 
members, or any person exalted or advanced in such illegal Chapter or Lodge." 
Our brethren who are not members of a Chapter, or who have taken none of 
those degrees, can from this see the predicament in which they place their 
brethren who have taken those degrees, if they continue the practice under 
consideration. Every R. A. Mason or Mark Master must hold as a clandestine 
Mason any one who may so receive this degree ; and Masonic communication 
is forbidden, not only with him, but with all who have assisted in thus confer- 
ring this degree. As R. A. Masons they feel bound to lay before their brethren 
of this Grand Lodge this plain statement of the case, and appeal to them, by 
our common fraternal ties, to adopt at once a course of action which will restore 
us to an equal level, by laying aside this assumed power, which is not defensible 
on any principle of right, justice, or expediency.' 

" Your committee can not indorse the opinion at which that body has arrived, 
that the Chapter has exclusive jurisdiction over this degree; and by conse^ 
quence, that the practice of conferring it in connection with grand and subor- 
dinate Lodges is in conflict with the constitution of the G. G. Chapter, and tends 
to disturb the harmony of the Masonic Institution. 

"The constitution of the G. G. Chapter is intended, it is conceived, to guard 
against the formation of any Chapter, or of the Lodges in a Chapter, without a 
dispensation or charter from the G. G. Chapter, or from some Grand Chapter 
under the jurisdiction of the G. G. Chapter; and to forbid Masonic communica- 
tion, both public and private, between any Chapter, or Lodge in a Chapter, or 
any member of either of them, and any Chapter, Lodge in a Chapter, or assem- 



803 MISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

bly, purporting to be a Chapter, or part or branch of a Chapter, that may be 
formed, opened, or holden without such dispensation or charter, or any or either 
of their members, or any person exalted or advanced in such illegal Chapter 
or Lodge. But it does not, as it appears to your committee, either in its letter 
or spirit, engross the Past Master's degree so that it may not be conferred by 
a convention of Past Masters upon one who has been duly elected to preside over 
a subordinate Lodge as Master. In short, that it does not arrogate exclusive 
jurisdiction over the Past Master's degree so as to take from other distinct and 
independent bodies, having jurisdiction over the first three degrees of Masonry, 
that on which their continued existence depends. For the power of conferring 
this degree seems to be incident to a Master's Lodge, and necessary to its very 
existence. On this point your committee would call your attention to the per- 
tinent remarks of the R. W. Deputy Grand Master of the State of Mississippi : 

"'The several Grand Lodges of our country have very properly determined, 
that no mere Master can preside over a subordinate Lodge, or fill any of the 
more important offices of his Grand Lodge. This rule, though perfectly correct, 
operates with peculiar hardship here, as many of our subordinate Lodges have 
seldom more than one of their number qualified to preside, and should he, 
after his election, die or remove, a large number of them would be compelled 
to suspend their labors until their next communication, or to send off one of 
their Wardens to obtain, in some distant Chapter, the requisite qualification to 
fill the chair of his own Lodge. Brethren, this is an extreme evil. * * * I 
can not dismiss this subject without some notice of the noble conduct of our 
brother Master Masons, in adopting the rule which excludes them from all 
the high offices of their Order, upon the mere assurance of their brethren of 
higher degrees, that a different course would be a violation of the landmarks of 
Masonry. We may well conclude that such another instance of brotherly con- 
fidence could be found in no earthly institution. To you, brethren, this ques- 
tion is again submitted and I ask you, in the name of every Master Mason of 
our country, to give it your serious consideration.' 

"It is submitted, that it never was the intention of the framers of the G. G 
R. A. constitution to make the first three degrees of Masonry, upon which the 
Chapter degrees themselves depend, dependent upon those degrees. No record 
of this character appears in the history either of the G. G. Chapter, or the State 
Grand Chapters in this country; but it does appear, that ' until the year 1797, 
no Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons was organized in America ; and that 
previously to this period a competent number of companions, of that degree, 
possessed of sufficient abilities, under the sanction of a Master's warrant, pro- 
ceeded to exercise the rights and privileges of Royal Arch Chapters, whenever 
they thought it expedient and proper; although in most cases, the approbation 
of a neighboring Chapter was deemed useful, if not essential.' 

" The Past Master's degree, therefore, was conferred, up to this time, under 
the sanction of a Master's warrant. While we find it from this time conferred 
under the authority of Grand Chapters, now separate and independent bodies, 
as one of the Chapter degrees in course, we do not find that it was therefore lost 
to the power by which it had been conferred. History shows the reverse. The 
practice from that time has been for the degree to be conferred under the sanc- 
tion of a Master's warrant, as formerly, upon those who had been previously 
elected to preside over Masters' Lodges. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 301 

" It is thus conclusively shown that a surrender of this degree, to be conferred 
by the chapters exclusively, was never made. 

" But the same is not true in regard to the degrees of Mark Master and Most 
Excellent Master, which confirms this view. 

"From what has been now adduced, the case stands thus: That the Past 
Master's degree may be conferred as heretofore, under its own restrictions that 
is, by Past Masters of Lodges, upon those who shall have been actually elected 
to preside over Masters' Lodges; and by Chapters, under their restrictions, in 
the due order of their degrees, and not otherwise. 

"Let not Chapters serve to qualify in this regard Masters for Masters' Lodges, 
of which they are independent, and with which they have no connection, but let 
them leave that duty to be performed by those bodies for themselves, through 
their own Past Masters; and let the Chapters require that the Mark Master's 
degree be the connecting link between Past Masters so made and their own, and 
let this link be supplied and presented before the former are admitted among 
the Past Masters of the Chapter. 

" Thus the distinct boundaries between Masters' Lodges and Royal Arch 
Chapters and their Lodges will be preserved, and the rites incident and belong- 
ing to each be enforced and enjoyed without any disturbance of the harmony of 
our Order. 

"To one subject more, presented in the correspondence submitted to them, 
and to that only, will your committee at this time direct your attention. It re- 
gards a practice that has prevailed to some extent among Lodges, of admitting 
to membership a brother who at the time was a member of another Lodge. The 
practice is erroneous, and should be promptly interdicted in this jurisdiction. 
It is as true in Masonry as elsewhere, that ' no man can serve two masters.' 
Whenever tried, the impossibility of rendering a divided allegiance perfect in 
each case, becomes at once apparent. The call of one body may lie in exactly 
u contrary direction from that of the other, given at the same instance of time. 
A member of two or more Lodges may be summoned to appear before each 
Lodge with which he is thus connected, on the same evening. How is he then 
to fulfill his duties? Which summons should he obey? Out of the very nature 
of the case, therefore, fairly considered, has arisen the provision contained in 
the earlier, and, very generally, in the modern Masonic constitutions, that 'no 
brother shall be a member of more than one Lodge at the same time.' 

"The constitution of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire has the provision as 
follows : 

'"No brother shall be a member of more than one subordinate Lodge at the 
same time.' 

" That of Maryland, thus : 

"'No Lodge shall admit to membership any brother who is already a member 
of a Lodge under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge.' 

"That of Missouri, thus: 

"'No brother can be a member of inore than one Lodge at the same time.' 

" That of Iowa, thus : 

"'Each subordinate Lodge under this jurisdiction shall require every Mason 
applying for membership therein to present satisfactory evidence to such Lodge 
that he has taken a regular demit from the Lodge of which he had last been a. 
member, or that such Lodge is no longer in existence.' 

"That of Wisconsin, thus: 



302 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

'"No brother shall be a member of more than one Lodge.' 

"That of Michigan, thus: 

"'JS'o Mason can be a member of more than one Lodge at the same time.' 

"And many others contain a similar provision; but enough has been adduced 
to show that the rule is general, and, it is believed, to induce its adoption by thin 
Grand Lodge. 

" Cognate with this is the rule that every brother should belong to some regular 
Lodge, and so own allegiance to the Masonic Institution. The Masonic constitu- 
tions embody it thus : 

"'Every brother ought to belong to some regular Lodge, and should always 
appear therein properly clothed; truly subjecting himself to the by-laws and 
the general regulations. He must attend ail meetings when duly summoned, 
uuless he can offer to the Master and Wardens such plea of necessity for his 
absence as the said laws and regulations may admit. 

''By the ancient rules and regulations of Masonry, which are generally adopted 
among the by-laws of every Lodge, no plea was judged sufficient to excuse an 
absentee, unless he could satisfy the Lodge that he was detained by some extra- 
ordinary and unforeseen necessity.' But, in another part, the constitutions are yet 
more definite and stringent. Their provision is that ' Every Lodge has the right 
to keep itself an entire body; and, therefore, no number of brethren can with- 
draw or separate themselves from the Lodge in which they were made, or were 
afterwards admitted members, unless such Lodge becomes too numerous for 
working; nor even then, unless they pay all the dues to their Lodge, and give 
them notice that they intend to apply to the Grand Lodge lor a dispensation to 
separate; in which case, if a dispensation be granted, they must either join 
themselves to such other Lodge as shall unanimously consent to receive them, 
or they must obtain a warrant from the Grand Lodge to form themselves into a 
new Lodge.' 

"Hence it appears, that while it is made the duty of every Mason to become a 
member of some Lodge, no Mason may cease thus to own his allegiance to the 
Masonic Institution ; that he may not withdraw from his Lodge, to be a member 
of none, but only, either by dispensation or warrant, obtained for the purpose, to 
form a new Lodge, or, to join 'such other Lodge as shall unanimously consent to 
receive him.' When, therefore, a demit is applied for, in any case, the Lodge to 
which the application is made is to consider the reasons for which it is asked, 
and to grant it only when they accord with the rule cited. And when granted, 
this is the true and simple light in which it is to be regarded, as a permit from 
a Lodge to one of its members, to connect himself with another Lodge. And as regard* 
its bearer, his allegiance becomes changed, when the connection which his demit 
contemplates, has been formed ; but until then, it remains unchanged, he is 
still de facto, a member of the Lodge of whose permit or demit he is the bearer. 
A contrary practice, with which the by-laws of many Lodges are improperly in 
harmony, has placed our Masonic Institution, in many parts of this country, in 
the anomalous position of a mother having children who own her not ; of a State 
having citizens who do not practically recognize their obligations of fealty. It is 
owing to a forgetfulness of true principle, that the practice to which reference is 
made exists, and that to-day there are scattered well nigh all our land over, men 
who have been regularly made Masons, who are unrecognized by any Lodge, 
and who, in no wise, practically and effectively, own any Lodge, or the claim* 
Upon them for love and duty, of the Masonic Institution. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 303 

"Several Grand Lodges have nobly set themselves about the correction of 
thin evil. Will not this Grand Lodge co-operate herself, and invite the co-opera- 
tion of such other Grand Lodges as have not yet taken up the matter, in en- 
deavoring to effect the same? She has once, in effect, so resolved : will she not 
remember the same, and govern herself accordingly ? 

"The following statistical table, presenting, as far as your committee have 
been able to gather (hem, the number of Lodges in the Union, it is thought may 
be of some interest in this connection, as showing the general strength and 
prosperity of the Masonic institution : 

" Maine, has Lodges 58 

New Hampshire, " " 20 

Massachusetts, " " 52 

Rhode Island, " " 19 

Connecticut, " " 75 

New York, " " 102 

New Jersey, " " say 40 

Pennsylvania, " " 154 

Delaware, " " pay 8 

Maryland, " " 86 

Virginia, " " 164 

District of Columbia, " " say 7 

North Carolina, " " 108 

South Carolina, " " say 100 

Georgia, " " 45 

Alabama, " " 50 

Florida, " " II 

Mississippi, " " 66 

Louisiana, " " 5fi 

Texas, " " 25 

Arkansas, " " 10 

Missouri, " " 50 

Tennessee, " " 116 

Kentucky, " " 140 

Ohio, " " 130 

Indiana, " " 42 

Illinois, " " 35 

Michigan, " " 9 

Fowa, " " 9 

Wisconsin, " " 8 

"Total 1782 

"This number multiplied by twenty, the supposed average number of 
Masons in each Lodge, will make the number of Masons, in union 
with Lodges ; 35,G4< 

" Add to this, for the Masons who are not in union with Lodges, the num- 
ber 10,000 

" And we have, as the entire number of Freemasons in this country 45,640 

" Your committee having brought to a conclusion the task assigned them, may 
be permitted to say, before closing this report, that their object has been to ex- 
hibit the position of the several Grand Lodges (whose courtesy, in communi- 



304 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

eating to this Grand Lodge their proceedings, they have acknowledged), in con- 
nection with someone or more topics of general interest and importance. It 
has not been understood by them to be any part of their duty to magnify this 
Grand Lodge, or to push its claims or those of its measures to notice and respect, 
but to select such matters in your correspondence as should seem to require 
consideration, and submit them under the conditions in which they might be 
found, and amplified and discussed as to your committee should seem good and 
proper. While their report is not, therefore, simply statistical, it is hoped that 
it. is not open to the complaint that it does not quite fully reflect the acts of sis- 
ter Grand Lodges. May the discussion of the several topics noticed in their re- 
port not prove unwelcome to this Grand Lodge, or devoid of interest to the Fra- 
ternity! If they have said more than was meet in any case, your committee 
know that your kindness will bear it; if less, that your intelligence will supply 
their lack. They are happy in the assurance that the wide mantle of Masonic 
charity is ample as a covert from any displeasure this might occasion, and that 
it will find for them at your hands, and those of the Fraternity generally, forgive- 
ness for all errors, both in the matter and manner of their report. 

" By offering for your adoption the following resolutions having regard to the 
subjects discussed herein, and imploring the Supreme Grand Master's favor for 
their work, your committee will conclude: 

" F. Resolved, That this Grand Lodge is clearly of the opinion that a distinct 
avowal of a belief in the divine authenticity of the Holy Scriptures, should be 
required of every one who is admitted to the privileges of Masonry; and that a 
denial of the same is an offense against the Institution, calling for exemplary 
discipline. 

" II.' Resolved, That in the opinion of this Grand Lodge, when the deformity of 
a candidate for initiation is not such as to prevent him from acquiring an honest 
livelihood, being instructed in the arts and mysteries of Masonry, and working 
in his Cratt, his admission will not be ah infringement upon the landmarks, bin 
will be perfectly consistent with the spirit and present speculative character of 
the Institution. 

" III, Resolved, That the resolution passed by this Grand Lodge, at a previous 
pommunifation, requiring, in effect, that no Lodge within this jurisdiction make 
a man a Mason who may be at the time a citizen of another State, and so within 
the jurisdiction of another Grand Lodge, or whose residence is nearer another 
Lodge in this jurisdiction than that to which he applies, is still in force; and that 
the rule herein declared be, and is hereby, adopted for the government of the 
Lodges subordinate to this Grand Lodge. 

" IV. Resolved, That the territorial limits within which this Grand Lodge 
claims exclusive, and beyond which, unless it may be in a State or Territory in 
which no Grand Lodge exists, she neither claims nor wilt exercise jurisdiction, 
:ire those of the civil jurisdiction of the Slate of Illinois. 

"V. Resolved, That this Grand Lodge approves of the formation of a General 
Grand Lodge, and invites the co-operation of her sister Grand Lodges, by the ap- 
pointment of delegates, to meet in convention, for the purpose of reporting to 
the several Grand Lodges a constitution for the government of a General Grand 
Lodge, so soon as the same may be approved by a majority of the Grand Lodges ; 
and that all former resolutions regarding any convention or cjnventions of Ma- 
sons be, and the same are hereby repealed. 

"VI. Resolved, That the several Lodges within this jurisdiction be, and they 
are hereby, instructed to transact all business in a Lodge of Masters, except the 
work and lectures appertaining of necessity to the first and second degrees re- 
spectively, which may and must be attended to in a Lodge of E. A. or F. C., as 
the case may be. 

"VII. Resolv&l, That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge that every Mason has 
the inherent right to vote on the admission of all candidates to our Order, and 
that the Lodges under this jurisdiction be, and are hereby, instructed to govern 
themselves in accordance therewith, by at all times allowing all Master Masons 



HISTOKY OF MASON11Y IN ILLINOIS. 305 

who may be present to vote on the reception of candidates, and that a unanimous 
ballot in favor of an applicant shall be necessary to his admission. 

"VI IF. Resolved, That whenever a candidate has been rejected by a subordi- 
nate Lodge, he shall not be balloted for again in another Lodge; nor in the same 
within twelve months of such rejection; nor thereafter, unless there be present 
all who were present at the first balloting, or permission for such second ballot- 
ing have been first obtained from the Grand Master. 

"IX. Resolved, That this Grand Lodge will conform to and abide by the ancient 
rules and regulations of the Fraternity, in all cases wherein the change in the 
character of the Institution from 'operative and speculative' to 'speculative only' 
has uot indicated the propriety or necessity of a departure therefrom, and will 
discountenance all innovation upon and rebellion against the real 'landmarks' of 
the Order. 

"X. Resolved, That this Grand Lodge deems it inexpedient, at the present 
time, to adopt the so-called 'representative system.' 

"XT. Resolved, That within this jurisdiction an expulsion or suspension by an 
Encampment or Chapter shall be deemed to carry with it an expulsion or sus- 

Eension, as the case may be, from the Masonic Institution, unless its decision 
e repealed by the tribunal passing the sentence. 

"XII. Resolved, That it is the duty of every Mason to belong to some Lodge, 
but that no Mason may belong to two Lodges at one and the same time, but that 
it is his duty regularly to withdraw from the Lodge to which he belongs before 
he makes application for membership in another, and that a certificate of the 
Secretary of such Lodge, certifying such withdrawal, shall accompany the ap- 
plication, or it shall not be received. 

"XIII. Resolved, That this Grand Lodge has great pleasure in acknowledging 
the receipt of a beautiful copy of eloquent 'Masonic addresses, by P. G. M. Joseph 
R. Chandler,' from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, through her Grand Secre- 
tary, and that information of the same, with thanks for such distinguished 
politeness and favor, be communicated to that grand body by the Grand Secre- 
tary of this Grand Lodge. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted, 

"W.F.WALKER, 1 
JOHN B. CRANDALL, } Committee." 
LEVI LUSK. j 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges submitted an additional report, 
as follows : 

" The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges Under Charter, to whom 
was referred the resolution in relation to Warsaw Lodge No. 21, have had the 
same under consideration, and beg leave to report, that as Warsaw Lodge has 
failed to make her regular returns to this Grand Lodge, the committee are unable 
to get positive information on the subject, and ask leave to offer the following 
resolution: 

"Resolved, That all Lodges under this jurisdiction that have failed to make 
their annual report, be notified that unless they report by the next annual com- 
munication of this Grand Lodge, they shall be deemed to have forfeited their 
charters ; and that the Grand Secretary is hereby ordered, in case of such failure, 
to demand the same, together with all furniture, books, and papers belonging to 
said Lodges. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

" Z. P. CABANIS. \ Committee M 

WILLIAM S. HURST.} ' 

The report being adopted, the following was, upon motion of Bro. 
Ralston (I), adopted : 

22 



306 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 



"Resolved, That a select committee of two be appointed to apply to Warsaw 
Lodge No. 21 for its returns, to examine the same upon the points usually in- 
vestigated by the Committee upon Returns and Work of Lodges Under Charter ; 
also to ascertain, by any means in their power, whether said Lodge has conferred 
any of the degrees upon any person or persons while under indictment, and to 
report to the M. W. Grand Master, who shall, at his direction, suspend the charter 
of said Lodge till the next annual communication of this Grand Lodge.'' 

Breth. Lusk (9), and Holton (1), were appointed said committee. 

Bro. John Gregory was allowed two dollars per day for his services. 

An account for printing circulars and blanks for use of the officers, 
was laid upon the table. 

The M. W. Grand Master was invested with full power in regard to 
the Lodge at Ottawa. 

A vote of thanks was tendered Bro. Lusk for the efficient manner in 
which the duties of his office had been discharged. 

The Grand Secretary was directed to transcribe the proceedings, and 
forward the same to the Grand Master, to be published under his 
supervision. 

It was ordered that a committee of three be appointed to settle with 
the Grand Secretary and Treasurer. 

Bro. Dickson, Deputy Grand Secretary, made his report as follows : 



"A. C. DICKSOX, Grand Secretary, p. t., 

in account with the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 



DR. 





I 

1844 

" t 

1845 


Names and Nos. of Lodges. 


G. L. 

Dues. 


G. C. 
Fund. 


Total. 

$13 50 
7 50 
5 25 
21 75 
25 50 
30 75 
17 25 
15 75 
11 75 
21 00 
20 25 
9 75 
8 25 
48 75 
16 60 
12 00 
9 00 
14 25 
15 75 
10 50 
15 00 
17 25 
13 50 
18 75 
8 25 
6 75 
4 99 


Grand 
Total. 


Temperance Lodge No. 16 


$9 00 
5 00 
3 50 
14 50 
17 00 
20 50 
11 50 
10 50 
7 84 
14 00 
13 50 
6 50 
5 50 
35 84 
11 00 
8 00 
6 00 
9 50 
10 50 
7 00 
10 00 
11 50 
9 00 
12 50 
5 50 
4 50 
3 33 


$4 50 
2 50 
1 75 
7 25 
8 50 
10 25 
5 75 
5 25 
3 91 
7 00 
6 75 
3 25 
2 75 
12 91 
5 50 
4 00 
3 00 
4 75 
5 25 
3 50 
5 00 
5 75 
4 50 
6 25 
2 75 
2 25 
1 66 


$410 4'.) 


Jefferson " U. D 




Bodley " No. 1 


Harmony " " 3 


Springfield " " 4 




Rushville " " 9 


Joliet " " 10 






Temperance ' " 16 




LaFayette ' " 18 




Cass ' " 23 


Franklin " " 25 


Hiram " " 26 


Piaa " " 27 




Pekin " " 29 






Apollo " ' 32 


Oriental " ' 33 ... 


Barry '' ' 34 


Charleston ' : ' 35 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 



Names and Nos. of Lodges. 


Where Situated. 


Am't rec'd 
for Charter?. 


37 00 

9 50 
$465 99 


Morning Star Lodge No. 30.. 
Mount Vernon " " 31.. 
Apollo " " 32.. 
Oriental " " 33.. 
Barry " " 34.. 


Canton 


$3 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
7 00 






Barry 


Amount received for Grand Lodge Certificates. 


Franklin Lodge No. 25 


Alton 


$3 50 
3 00 
3 00 















" CONTRA. 

" By Grand Secretary's fees for issuing charters to three Lodges $6 00 

" Stationery furnished for use of Grand Lodge 3 00 

" Amount of balance in my hands 456 99 

$465 99 
"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"A. C. DICKSON, Grand Secretary, p. t. 
41 JACKSONVILLE, October 8th, 1845." 

The Committee on Finance reported the account of the Grand Secre- 
tary, pro tern., correct, which report was adopted. Following this is the 
receipt of the Grand Treasurer for the amount of $457. 

Notwithstanding this report of the committee as to the correctness of 
the report, the following foot note by Grand Master Walker, is appended 
to the page : 

" Why the amount of $18.75 ($12.50 as Grand Lodge dues, and $6.25 for the Grand 
Charity Fund), paid for and by St. John's Lodge No. 13, at Peru ; and $10 paid tor 
and by Friendship Lodge No. 7, at Dixon, its dues in part only, do not appear in 
this account, is not stated, nor, as may be seen, do the Committee on Finance 
and Accounts, who examined the accounts of the Grand Secretary, p. t., explain 
the omission. O. Master." 

The Grand Master was authorized to appoint all committees provided 
for in the proceedings that had not been filled. 

The Grand Lodge, having directed five hundred copies of the proceed- 
ings to be printed and distributed, was closed. 

Following the proceedings of this year are Appendices, A, which 
includes the returns of the constituent Lodges; B, constitution and 
by-laws; C, resolutions in force; D, tabular statement; E, a brief his- 
tory of the Grand Lodge from its organization, which we would present 
but for its unreliability; F, form of return for constituent Lodges; 
G, forms and interrogatories, the latter of which we here present: 



308 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"Interrogatories to be affirmatively answered by a candidate, in an adjoining apart- 
ment, previous to his initiation. 

" I. Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these gentlemen,* that 
you have never made application to any other Lodge for admission into the 
Masonic Institution?! 

"II. Do you, upon your honor, before these gentlemen, distinctly avow your 
belief in the Divine authenticity of the Holy Scriptures ?J 

"III. Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these gentlemen, 
that unbiassed by friends, and uninfluenced by mercenary motives, you freely 
offer yourself a candidate for the mysteries of Masonry? 

"IV. Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these gentlemen, 
that you are prompted to solicit the privileges of Masonry by a favorable opinion 
conceived of the Institution, a desire of knowledge, and a sincere wish of being 
serviceable to your fellow creatures? 

" V. Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these gentlemen, that 
you will cheerfully conform to all the ancient established usages and customs of 
the Fraternity? 

H, a list of the Grand Lodges of the United States, with the address of 
the Grand Secretaries of the same; I, a list of suspensions, etc., as 
reported by the several Grand Lodges. 

All this is followed up by a circular letter of the Grand Master, which 
is entirely too lengthy to be here'given, except that portion which con- 
tains his reply to the circular letter of Harmony Lodge, which will be 
given in another place. , 

BODLEY LODGE NO. 1. 

Two brethren were raised by this Lodge during the year 1845, viz. : 
Charles Albright, June 9; Caspar Ruoff, Dec. 1. 

March 9, the Lodge attended the funeral of Bro. Louis Bigwood, who 
was buried with the customary ceremonies. April 28, Breth. Ralston 
and Crockett were appointed a committee to procure the services of Bro. 
Carnegy, of Missouri, to teach the Lodge the work adopted by the Balti- 
more Convention, which committee reported May 5th, that Bro. Carnegy 
had gone South, whereupon the committee was directed to correspond 
with " Bro. Singleton, of St. Louis." June 2, a petition for a Lodge at 
Barry, Pike county, was recommended. June 6, the Lodge buried the 
remains of Bro. Randal King, hailing from Graham Lodge No. 20, 
Republic of Texas, who "died on board the steamboat Boreas, June 4, 
11 o'clock P. M.;" and on the evening of the same day buried the 
remains of Bro. Abraham Funk. July 5, the Lodge joined with the 
citizens in a funeral procession commemorative of the death of Andrew 
Jackson. The record also shows that the Lodge assembled on the even- 
ing of the day previous, to make arrangements for the funeral of Bro. 

* The Stewards of the Lodge are usually present. 

fl'his question is rendered necessary by resolution VIII, page 57. 

JThis question is rendered necessary by resolution I, page 67. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 309 

James Rossell, but no evidence of the Lodge participating in such 
funeral is on record. Aug. 21, a committee was appointed to solicit sub- 
scriptions for the purpose of building a hall, but no decisive steps appear 
to have been taken in the matter. Sept. l,the petition for Herman Lodge 
was recommended. At this last meeting, the delegate to the Grand 
Lodge was instructed to use his influence in inducing the Grand Lodge 
to hold its meetings "at various places." A case of charity presented 
to the Lodge was promptly acted on. Dec. 26, officers for the ensuing 
year were elected, viz. : James H. Luce, W. M.; John Crockett, S. W.; 
Q. L. Barton, J. W.; Enoch Conyers, Treas.; Louis Watson, Sec.; Harri- 
son Dills and 0. C. Skinner were appointed Deacons; and W. C. S. 
Smith, Tyler. 

EQUALITY LODGE NO. 2. 

This Lodge held no meetings from September, 1844, to the 24th June, 
1845. No work was done, and there is nothing to merit especial men- 
tion on the records, with two exceptions. As was the case with almost 
all, if not quite all the Lodges in the State, the day upon which the 
Lodge received the intelligence of the death of Andrew Jackson was 
observed as a day of sorrow. June 24, the following officers were elected : 
A. W. Pool, W. M.; T. G. S. Herod, S. W.; J. W. Hamilton, J. W.; Jos. 
E. Watkins, Sec.; William Siddall, Treas.; John M. Burnett and Joshua 
Bradley, Deacons; John Howard, Tyler. No meetings were held in 
September, October, November, and December, 1845. 

HARMONY LODGE NO. 3. 

The records of this Lodge placed in our possession commence June 
28, 1845. From this time to the close of the year, no work in the second 
or third degrees was done. On the 28th June, resolutions expressive of 
"sincere pain and regret" were passed regarding the death of Andrew 
Jackson. The records of the Lodge from this time until the meeting of 
Dec. 2, show nothing worthy of especial mention, and as it is not our 
intention to reveal the transactions of any Lodge in regard to matters of 
trials, we will pass over a great deal of that kind of matter that appears 
in the record before us. On the 2d of December the resolutions of Har- 
mony Lodge which culminated in the adoption of sections 81 and 82 of 
our by-laws, were introduced, referred, and adopted. As it is our inten- 
tion to make this matter the foundation for a separate and distinct chap- 
ter, we will not present them here. 

SPRINGFIELD LODGE NO. 4. 

This Lodge conferred the Master's degree during 1845, as follows: 
John S. Vredenburg, John P. Richmond, J. H. Adams, Jan. 4; William C. 



310 HISTOKY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

Murphy, William A. Denning, and Thos. H. Campbell, Jan. 11 ; A. J. 
Kain, Jan. 16; J. W. Barrett, Jan. 20 ; Dudley Wickersham, Feb. 17 ,- 
Louis Watson and James M. Maxcy, Mar. 26 ; John Van Horn, May 7 r 
D. Logan, William A. Dickey, and Josiah Francis, June 24. 

Jan. 4, the Lodge resolved to celebrate the 22d February, and on the 
llth January Breth. Robinson, J. H. Matheny, McNeill, Frazer, and 
Doyle were appointed a committee of arrangements for the same. Feb. 
1, the Lodge being desirous of purchasing the building known as the 
"Seminary," appointed Breth. McNeill, J. II. Matheny, and Garland a 
committee to confer with Springfield Chapter R. A. M., on the subject. 
The 22d of February was duly celebrated. The oration on this occasion 
was delivered by Bro. J. A. McDougal. March 11, the committee on the 
celebration reported a balance in their hands of $2.52, which was 
" paid to the widow's fund." July 12, the Lodge joined with the citizens 
in a funeral procession commemorative of the decease of Andrew Jack- 
son. The oration on this occasion was delivered by Edward D. Baker. 

Dec. 1, the following officers were elected : Wm. Lavely, W. M.; Geo. 
R. Weber, S. W.; John Uhler, J. W.; A. R. Robinson, Sec.; Maurice 
Doyle, Treas.; F. A. McNeil, Master of Ceremonies; James Leggott, 
Tyler. 

FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 7. 

This Lodge raised two brethren during this year, viz.: Austin L. 
Bull, Jan. 23; J. B. Cheney, Nov. 13. 

June 19, the following officers were elected : James Campbell, W. M.; 
John B. Nash, S. W.; Charles T. Chase, J. W.; Nathan Morehouse, 
Treasurer; Lorenzo Wood, Secretary; Austin L. Bull and Legrand 
Wynkoop, Deacons ; Joseph Mason, Tyler. 

At the second meeting in December (no date given), the resolutions of 
Harmony Lodge, concerning the admission of negroes in certain Chicago 
Lodges, were received and referred. 

MACON LODGE NO. 8. 

Champion D. Butler (April 19) was the only brother raised by this 
Lodge during 1845. 

The Finance Committee reported that on March 21st there was $6.62 
in the treasury. June 24, Bro. Prather presented certain resolutions 
relating to the death of Andrew Jackson, which were referred to a com- 
mittee of three. The resolutions do not appear on the record, nor is 
there any evidence that the committee ever reported. August 2, the 
Lodge declined to recommend a petition signed by six Masons, residents 
of Charleston, Coles county, until a seventh name had been added, and 
cited to them as authority, "Cross' Chart, page 58." August 11, the sev- 
enth name having been added, the petition was recommended. Sept. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 311 

13, the Lodge declined sending a delegate to the Grand Lodge, unless 
such delegate would bear his own expenses. Sept. 26, the delegate to the 
Grand Lodge was directed to vote, as to the place of holding the Grand 
Lodge, first for Springfield, second, Peoria, and third, Decatur. 

Nov. 22, the following officers were elected : Henry Prather, W. M.; 
J. Y. Braden, S. W.; E. D. Carter, J. W.; Henry Hummell, Treas.; 
W. T. Stimper, Sec'y; George Goodman, Tyler. There is no record of 
any appointments. 

EUSHVILLE LODGE NO. 9. 

The return of this Lodge to the Grand Lodge of 1845, is as follows : 

" Jas. L. Anderson, W. M.; John Todhunter, S. W.; Adams Dunlap, 
J. W.; James McCroskey, Treas.; Hart Fellows, Sec.; John B. Seeley, 
S. D.; John Blackford, J. D.; Thos. I. Garrett, Tyler. 

" Past Masters. Levi Lusk, James L. Anderson, William A. Richard- 
son, Hart Fellows. 

"Master Masons. William Davis, Henry Murray, George Edger, 
James H. Chick, William Edger, Lewis Horton, Marshal Smith, Peter C. 
Vance, Alexander Brazleton,Rensselaer Wells, Josiah Parrott, Columbus 
E. Cook, Andrew LaCroix. 

" Fellow Crafts. Joseph Montgomery, W. H. Crawford, Isaac Ewing, 
Isaac Greer. Nine Entered Apprentices, one rejected, one suspended, 
and one expelled, were reported; also, Samuel M. Hatten, died April 
3, 1845 : Abner McDowell, died May 9, 1845." 

JOLIET LODGE NO. 10. 

The last return this Lodge made as No. 10, is as follows : 

Xormand Hawley, W. M.; Joel George, S. W.; William E. Little, 
J. W.; James Brodie, Treas.; N. L. Hawley, Sec.; Jared Runyon, S. D.; 
Thomas J. Kinney, J. D.; R. G. Cook, Tyler. 

Master Masons. Joel A. Matteson, David L. Gregg, II. G. Brown, 
II. Blanchard. 

After the close of the Grand Lodge, the charter of No. 10 was annulled 
until the annual communication of 1846, and a dispensation issued to 
W. E. Little, as W. M.; Myron K. Brownson, S. W.; and Joel George, 
J. W., and several others, to form and open a Lodge at Joliet, as "Mount 
Joliet," now No. 42. 

ST. JOHN'S LODGE NO. 13. 

This Lodge raised the following brethren during 1845 : J. B. Lovett, 
May 15: L. Oppenheimer, S. Oppenheimer, and R. Oppenheimer, 
March 19. 

Feb. 17, Bro. Warren Brown entered the following protest: 



312 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

"That the Lodge, in refusing to admit visiting brethren, when vouched for 
by brethren present, who are members of this Lodge, as was done at this meet- 
ing, on the ground that the brother vouching, had never sat in a Lodge with 
said visiting brethren, and that the Lodge requiring, instead thereof, a com- 
mittee to be appointed in such cases to examine said visiting brethren, was un- 
masonic and contrary to ancient usage." 

This goes to show that the question of avouchment was as little under- 
stood as at the present day. Bro. Brown also protested against the 
advancement of candidates until they had manifested suitable pro- 
ficiency in the degrees already received. March 19, the Lodge being 
opened on the F. C. degree, an Entered Apprentice was balloted for to 
receive the second degree, and was rejected, and his fee ordered returned. 
Immediately thereafter, the Lodge was opened on the Master's degree, 
and the same E. A. again balloted for, elected, and passed. 

June 19, the following officers were elected: Luther Woodward, 
W. M.; T. B. Elliott, S. W.; J. Baxley, J. W.; Wm. Paul, Sec.: J. R. 
Merritt, Treas.; T. W. Hennessey and Wm. J. Cox, Deacons : J. R. Mer- 
ritt and D. W. Baker, Stewards; A. Kirkpatrick, Tyler. July 17, Bro. 
T. J. Wade was affiliated. Dec. 5, John Barney lectured the Lodge, con- 
tinuing with the Lodge until Dec. 12. 

WARREN LODGE NO. 14. 

W. S. West (Oct. 18) was the only brother raised to the sublime de- 
gree of Master Mason by this Lodge during 1845. 

February 22, the elections were changed from annual to semi-annual. 

March 29, two brethren were brought before the Lodge, and called to 
answer, the one for having made unmasonic allusions to the other in 
stump speeches, the other for retorting through the columns of a news- 
paper. Both having made suitable acknowledgments, the matter was 
dropped. 

May 24, an invitation from Paducah Lodge No. 127, inviting No. 14 
to join with them in celebrating St. John's Day, was received, which 
was fraternally declined, as the Lodge was under a previous engagement 
with Equality Lodge. The semi-annual election resulted as follows : 

Edgar Bogardus, W. M.; George Darrah, S. W.; H. H. M. Butt, J. W.: 
John L. Campbell, Treas.; J. E. Rearden, Sec.; J. M. Jones and E. J. 
Nicholson, Deacons ; the election of Tyler being postponed. 
June 21st, the following was adopted : 

"Resolved, That the members of this Lodge wear crape on the left arm for the 
term of 30 days, as a badge of respect due our well beloved and lately deceased 
brother, Andrew Jackson." 

July 12th, a " funeral procession " was formed and marched through 
the principal streets, as a token of respect to the memory of Andrew 
Jackson. On the return of the Lodge to its room, thanks were returned 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IX ILLINOIS. 313 

to the " Mt. Vernon (Ind.) Band of Musicians," Shawnee Lodge of I. 0. 
0. F., the ladies, and the "citizens generally," for their kindness and 
attendance upon the occasion. 

Sept. 23, the delegate to the Grand Lodge was directed to vote " for 
the Grand Lodge to remain at Jacksonville." The next choice of the 
Lodge was Alton. 

Dec. 27, semi-annual election. E. R. Roe was elected "W. M.; C. Gold, 
S..W.; E. J. Nicholson, J. W.: J. L. Campbell, Treas.; J. E. Rearden, 
Sec.; George Darrah and H. H. M. Butt, Deacons, and the latter Steward : 
E. Bogardus, Tyler Bro. Bogardus thus descending from the highest 
to the lowest office in the Lodge. 

PEORIA LODGE NO. 15. 

This Lodge reported but two raisings this year, viz.: Sylvanus Moore, 
March 22 ; Comstock, June 23. 

At the regular meeting in December, 1844, Bro. Geo. T. Metcalfe was 
elected W. M., but declined to serve, his note conveying the declination 
being dated Jan. 7, 1845. 

Jan. 9, the Lodge held a meeting to fill the vacancy, when Bro. Peter 
Sweat was elected. 

April 25, relief was extended to a brother hailing from Ancient Land- 
Mark Lodge No. 17, Portland, Maine. 

May 17, permission was granted Bro. James C. Stewart, a visiting 
brother, to bury his son in the Masonic cemetery. 

TEMPERANCE LODGE NO. 16. 

This Lodge raised but one brother during the year, viz.: David D. 
McKee, Feb. 16. 

Jan. 13, Bro. H. C. Remann was elected S. W., to fill vacancy caused 
by the promotion of Bro. C. H. Hodge, whom the Lodge declared W. M. 
vice Bro. Alexander, deceased. 

May 12, the Lodge appointed Breth. C. H. Hodge and Gorin a commit- 
mittee to report upon the expediency of " compelling" all non-affiliated 
Masons to "join the Lodge." 

June 9, this committee asked to be discharged, which was done. At this 
meeting the following officers were elected "viva voce" : H. C. Remann, 
W. M.; W. M. Black, S. W.; D. D. McKee, J. W.; J. T. B. Stapp, Treas.; 
Jeremiah Abbott, Sec.; Asahel Lee and John D. Gorin, Deacons; A. 
Johnston, Tyler. Bro. Moses Phillips, who had been Tyler from the 
organization of the Lodge in 1839, was at this meeting dropped from 
among the list of officers. 

Sept. 23, the delegate to the Grand Lodge was directed to vote for the 
removal of the Grand Lodge from Jacksonville to Springfield. The Lodge 
held no meetings in October, November, and December. 



314 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

MACOMB LODGE NO. 17. 

This Lodge did no work during the year 1845. 

February 5, the remains of Bro. Geo. H. Eice were buried with the 
usual ceremonies, and on April 27 the same rites were observed as to the 
remains of Bro. C. M. Bartleson. 

June 23, semi-annual election: William Ervin, W. M.; Jos. E. Wyne, 
S. W.; William T. Head, J. W.; P. H. Walker, Sec.; Cyrus A. Lawson, 
Treas.; John Anderson, Steward and Tyler. 

Dec. 26, the second election was held, resulting as follows : Thomas A. 
Brooking was elected W. M.; William T. Head, S. W.; P. H. Walker, J. 
W.; C. A. Lawson, Treas.; William Ervin, Sec.; Rezin Naylor, Steward 
and Tyler. 

LAFAYETTE LODGE NO. 18. 

The records of this Lodge from December, 1844, to the year 1852, are 
not in our possession. We must, therefore, be content with its returns to 
the Grand Lodge and such other information as we may glean outside. 
The return for 1845 is here given : 

" Carding Jackson, W. M.; M. Taylor, S. W.; Hart L. Stewart, J. W.; 
H. W. Bigelow, Treas; C. G. Wicker, Sec.; Isaac P. Hatfield, S. D.; 
Thomas Brooks, J. D.; B. Horton and J. L. Thompson, Stewards ; N. 
Christy, Tyler. 

" R. J. Hamilton and Henry Brown, P. M. 

" Master Masons. William Harmon, Isaac Haight, James A verill, G. B. 
Fearing, Samuel McKay, James McGuire, N. F. Butler, Samuel Aikins, 

A. Garrett, Leonard Falch, Francis Edwards, J. J. Jackson, L. C. Ker- 
cheval, Lot Whitcomb, John Ferns, Abraham Kohn, William Jackson, 
John Davis, James Campbell, F. A. Howe, R. T. McMahon,John Black- 
stone, Joseph Atkinson, Heman Hatch, J. F. Colby, W. B. Snowhook, A. 
Getzler, M. L. Knapp, J. Y. Sanger, D. J. Surdam, V. H. Eachus, J. W. 
Dunlap, Levi Rosenfelt, William Lock, Daniel Lyons, V. A. Boyer, W. 

B. Smith, Martin Dodge, J. H. Sullivan, D. S. Cady, Joseph Filkins, 
Scott Benedict, Mathew Mcllvaine, G. Wetherbee, N. W. Watson, S. J. 
Huntley, S. J. Surdam, B. Neichman, Joshua Bell, J. L. Howe, S. J. 
Lowe, Jacob Rosenburg, J. A. W. Donahoo, Frederick Weis, W. H. Dob- 
son, Isaac N. Arnold, George Chacksfield. 

" Died. Theophilus W. Smith, May 6, 1845 ; Andrew Simpson, Sept. S." 

CLINTON LODGE NO. 19. 

The return of this Lodge for 1845, is as follows : 

" David McMurphy, W. M.; John McNeal, S. W.; Chas. B. Waldo, J. 
W.; Jacob West, Treas.; Nathan Dresser, Sec.; Thos. L. Harris and Chas. 
G. Brooks, Deacons ; Aaron B. White, Tyler. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 315 

" John Bennett, P. M. 

"Members. Lewis B. Wynn, Wm. B. Kirk, A. A. Rankin, Lewis Salzen- 
stein, Asa D. Wright, John Bennett, M. S. Morris, John Allen, Samuel 
Smith, Julius Oppenheimer, John B. Broadwell, James Short, Robert C. 
Scott, Henry Shepherd." 

HANCOCK LODGE NO. 20. 
This Lodge made no returns in 1845. 

WARSAW LODGE NO. 21. 

This Lodge, during the year 1845, raised as follows : 

W. W. Chittenden and L. Prentice, Jan. 22 ; J. W. Aldrich, Jan. 23 ; 

J. Aldrich and C. Cole, Jan. 24 ; Hay, E. F. Chittenden, and S. W. 

Brown, Jan. 27; D._Ljnsley., Jan. 28; Robert Miller and J^ M. Charles, 
Feb. 18 ; George Rockwell and H. Comstock, Feb. 19 ; John Scott, March 
1 ; Levi Williams, March 17 ; S. Warner and J._Mussellman, March 19 ; 
Charles C. Stephens, Sept. 8; J. Galloway, Dec. 8. 

June 24, annual election: M. Aldrich was elected. W. M.; W. H. 
Roosevelt, S. W.; Robert Miller, J. W.; Georgs Rockwell, Treas.; E. F. 
Chittenden, Sec.; J. W. Aldrich and S. W. Brown, Deacons; John Scott 
and C. Cole, Stewards ; German Andrews, Tyler. 

Sept. 8, Bro. John Montague was appointed delegate to the Grand 
Lodge, and directed to vote for Jacksonville, as the place of holding the 
meeting of the Grand Lodge, and to vote for an appropriation from the 
Grand Lodge to each subordinate Lodge for the support of common 
schools. 

MILWAUKEE LODGE NO. 22. 
This Lodge made no returns for the year 1845. 
CASS LODGE NO. 23. 

James McKeever, June 23; John B. Taylor and Richard F. Kippin- 

burg, Aug. 1; George Moore, Sept. 3 ; C. Sprague, Nov. 18 ; Newman, 

Dec. 27, were raised during this year. Breth. John McKeown and V. A. 
Turpin, appear to have been raised, but no record of the fact appears. 

At the raising of Bro. McKeever, Bro. Lusk presided, with Bro. An- 
derson as Senior Deacon. No meetings were held by the Lodge between 
August 27, 1844, and Feb. 20, 1845. At the latter meeting, the following 
officers were elected : P. Underwood. Jr., W. M.; Geo. B. Thompson, S. 
W.; Thomas Eyre, J. W.; James Knowles, Treas.; Wm. J. DeHaven, 
Sec. Bro. Lusk presided at every meeting of the Lodge save two, du- 
ring the year, and was undoubtedly the means of its still continuing to 
work. 



316 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

ST. CLAIR LODGE NO. 24. 

This Lodge reported the following raisings during 1845 : Augustus 
Warner, April 22 ; N. Huley, May 1 ; Wm. M. Parker, May 5 ; John G. 
Sparks, May ; F. Powers, May 20; J. N". Banks, July 29. 

Feb. 17, the Lodge, "at his especial request, made before his death," 
buried the remains of Bro. Charles Cummins. May 5, a gold medal, be- 
longing to " Bro. Goings, left in pledge with Mr. Mitchell," was re- 
deemed by the Lodge, and ordered forwarded to the owner. 

June 19, the following officers were elected : T. Hinckley, W. M.; C. G. 
Y. Taylor, S. W.; Geo. Kelly, J. W.; Julius Eaith, S. D.; John Mace, J. 
D.; Alex. Reany, Sec.; Wm. M. Parker, Treas.; David Wilver, Tyler ; G. 
W. Hook, Marshall. 

Sept. 23, the delegate to the Grand Lodge was directed to vote, as the 
place of holding the Grand Lodge, first, for Jacksonville; second, Quincy; 
third, Springfield. 

Dec. 9, the second election of the year took place, resulting as follows ; 
Alex. Reany was elected W. M.; T. Hinckley, S. W.; George Kelly, J. 
W.; C. G. Y. Taylor, Sec.; W. G. Goforth, Treas.; Julius Raith, S. D.; 
Wm. M. Parker, J. D.; David Wilver, Tyler ; G. W. Hook, Marshal. 

FRANKLIN LODGE NO. 25. 

The first return of this Lodge to the Grand Lodge was made in 1844, 
and, as before stated, the returns are all the information we are able to 
give concerning this Lodge. The return for 1845 is as follows: 

" Charles Howard, W. M.; Harvey S. Summers, S. W.; John Higham, 
J. W.; George Lebold, Treas.; John Bostwick, Sec.; D. F. Wendell and 
George Willis, Deacons ; D. M. Kittinger, Tyler; John Higham, P. M. 

" Members. Luther W. Lyons, Jacob Rader, Caleb K. Burgoyne, Elihu 
Pembroke." 

HIRAM LODGE NO. 26. 

The records of this Lodge for the year 1844 are lost, as is a portion of 
1845. The record before us commences with the 17th of July, 1845. 

But one brother was raised during 1845, as far as the record before 
us shows, viz.: Samuel G. Dean, Nov. 8. 

PIASA LODGE NO. 27. 

This Lodge raised the following brethren during 1845 : Geo..T. Brown, 
Feb. 8 ; Charles Cook, Feb. 14 ; J. A. J. Blair, Mar. 8 ; Peter Overdear, 
April 1 ; J. A. Prickett, June 20 ; B. E. Edwards, Aug. 26. 

Mar. 25, the. Treasurer resigned, and on the llth April the Master fol- 
lowed suit, whereupon the following resolutions were passed : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 317 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this Lodge are due to Bro. David Allen, our last 
Worshipful Master, for the impartiality, constancy, and dignity, with which he 
has presided over us, and for the prudent zeal he has ever manifested in our 
prosperity. 

"Resolved, That while we regret the removal of our late W. M. from our city, 
we feel great pleasure in the assurance established by his residence with us, 
that wherever he may go, he will carry the heart and soul of a Mason, worthy 
of the fullest confidence of every member of the Fraternity. 

April 22, the following election was held : Timothy Souther, W. M.; 
J. W. Schweppe, S. W.,- J. E. Ketcham, J. W.; Geo. T. Brown, Sec.; 
I. Hardy, Treas. June 20, the Secretary resigned, and Bro. L. F. Morin 
was elected to fill the vacancy. These instances of resignation are here 
noted to show that the right of an officer of a constituent Lodge, how- 
ever much doubted or denied in these latter days, was, as late as 1845, 
and later, for that matter, fully recognized. Dec. 20, the second election 
of the year was held, resulting in the election of T. Souther, W. M.; 
J. W. Schweppe, S. W.; J. C. Ketcham, J. W.; Charles Cook, Treas.,- 
N. G. Edwards, Sec.; and the following appointments: Geo. T. Brown 
and A. Watson, Deacons; I. Hardy, Tyler. 

The thanks of the Lodge were then voted Bro. Souther, and eight dol 
lars voted as a compensation for his services as Master. 

As we are in daily expectation of the receipt of the records of the- 
following Lodges, Nos. 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, and 35, we will defer mention 
of them until they shall have been received. 

OCCIDENTAL LODGE, U. D., AT OTTAWA. 

The dispensation for this Lodge was granted by the Grand Lodge of 
Kentucky in 1838. The Lodge took no part in the formation of the- 
Grand Lodge, nor had it a representative there until 1846. What the 
Lodge was, from the time the Grand Lodge of Kentucky surrendered 
control over the same until its formal recognition by our Grand Lodge,, 
we can not say, as the record before us dates from Nov. 28, 1845. 

John D. Caton and M. H. Swift were raised Dec. 11, John Barney pre- 
siding, as he also did Nov. 29, when the above brethren and Bro. Leland 
were passed. 

Mount Moriah, Clinton, and Marion Lodges made no returns to th& 
Grand Lodge of Missouri for the year 1845. 



CHAPTER XIX. 



1846. 



GRAND LODGE. 

The Seventh Annual Communication of the Grand Lodge was held in 
the city of Peoria, commencing Monday, Oct. 5, 1846. The following 
grand officers were present : 

" NELSON D. MORSE, Dep. Gr. Master, and Grand Master, p. t. 
WILLIAM LATELY, Sr. Gr. Warden, p. t. 
HARRISON DILLS, Jr. Gr. Warden, p. t. 
Rev. CHARLES HOWARD, Gr. Chaplain, p. t. 
JAMES L. ANDERSON, Gr. Treasurer. 
LEVI LUSK, Gr. Secretary, and P. G. M. 
TIMOTHY SOUTHER, Sr. G. Deacon, p. f. 
ADAM BREWER, Jr. Gr. Deacon, p. t. 
JOHN BARNEY, Gr. Lecturer. 

JOHN C. HEYL, \ R c tewflrd<! 
SAMUEL H. DAVIS, } Gr - st 

RICHARD F. KIPPINBURG, Gr. Pursuivant. 
FREDERICK SEMELROTH, Gr. Tyler, p. t. 

" REPRESENTATIVES : 

"James H. Luce, W. M., Bodley, No. 1. 
Harrison Dills, proxy, S. W., 

William W. Happy, W. M., Harmony, No. 3. 

William Lavely, W. M., Springfield, No. 4. 
A. R. Robinson, proxy, S. W., 
James H. Matheny, proxy, J. W., 
James L. Anderson, proxy, W. M., Rushville, No. 9. 
Levi Lusk, proxy, J. W., 

William Mitchell, W. M., Peoria, No. 15. 
Frederick Semelroth.pro.ri/, S. W., " 
William Darst, J. W., " " 

Carding Jackson, W. M., LaFayette, No. 18. 

William Lavely, proxy, W. M.. Clinton, No. 19. 

James H. Luce, proxy, W. M , Warsaw, No. 21. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 319 

" Richard F. Kippinburg, W. M., Cass, No. 23. 

George Moore, proxy, J. W., " " 

Charles Howard, W. M., Franklin, No. 25. 

William McMurtry, W. M., Hiram, No. 20. 

Timothy Souther, W. M., Piasa, No. 27. 

John Bailhaehe, proxy, S. W., " " 

Levi Lusk, proxy, W. M., Monroe, No. 28. 

Adam Brewer, W. M., Morning Star, No. 30. 

George Wike, J. W., Barry, No. 34. 

Levi Lusk, proxy, W. M., Charleston, No. 35. 

A. C. Dickson, proxy, S. W., " " 

Josiah Riley, proxy, W. M., Kavanaugh, U. D. 

Daniel McNeil, proxy, W. M., Monmouth, U. D. 
William E. Russell, proxy, W. M., Olive Branch, U. D. 

Levi Lusk, proxy, W. M., Herman, U. D. 
Bro. Peter Sweat, Past Master, No. 15. 

" VISITORS : 

"S. De Witt Drown, Peoria, No. 15. 
E. Andrew, " " 

Stephen A. Douglas, Springfield, No. 4. 
Philo Beers, " " 

James Price, Hiram, No. 26. 

I. Hill, Cass, No. 23. 

The Grand Lodge was opened in due form. 

The reading of the minutes having been dispensed with, the Grand 
Master pro tern, reported verbally as follows : 

" BRETHREN: I am not prepared to give you any information of interest upon 
the prospects of our Ancient Institution abroad, or even under our own juris- 
diction, further than that from verbal report, I have learned that the Lodges 
subordinate to this Grand Lodge are prosperous and flourishing. Since my 
arrival at this place, I have been informed that it is probable that our M. W. 
Grand Master Walker is detained from meeting with us by sickness in his 
family. I hope he will forward to this Grand Lodge a report of his actings and 
doings, which, if received, will with great pleasure be laid before you for con- 
sideration." 

He then announced the following standing committees : 

On Returns and Work of Chartered Lodges. Breth. Mitchell (15), Mc- 
Murtry (26), and Jackson (18). 

On Returns and Work of Lodges Under Dispensation. Breth. Happy (.'!), 
Dills (1), and Robinson (4). 

On Petitions and Grievances. Breth. Anderson (9), Lavely (4), and 
Happy (3). 

On Finance and Accounts. Breth. Souther (27), Brewer (30), and Rus- 
sell (Olive Branch U. D). 

On Foreign Correspondence. Breth. Lusk (9), Luce (1), and Matheny 

W- 

To Examine Visiting Brethren. Breth. Heyl and Davis (both 15). 



320 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

The following communication was received from Bro. Dickson : 
" To the Most Worshipful Grand Master, Grand Wardens, and Brethren: 

"The undersigned would respectfully represent to this Grand Lodge, that he 
feel that great injustice has been done him by the Most Worshipful Grand 
Master, William F. Walker, in a note appended to the account current of the 
undersigned, as Grand Secretary pro tern., for 1840, respecting $18.75, Grand 
Lodge dues and Grand Charity Fund for St. John's Lodge No. 13, and also $10 
from Friendship No. 7. He would therefore petition that a committee be ap- 
pointed to inquire into the facts in the case, and report the same to the Grand 
Lodge at this session. 

The petition for a committee was granted, and the matter referred to 
Breth. Anderson, Howard, and Dills. 

The following resolutions of Bodley Lodge were presented by Bro. 
Dills, and made the special order for the evening session : 

"Resolved, That our delegate to the Grand Lodge of Illinois, at its session on 
the first Monday of October next, be instructed to use his influence to have 
Resolution No. 1, on page 57, of printed proceedings for the year 1845, rescinded. 

"Resolved, That he be instructed to use his influence to have Resolution No. 
7 rescinded. 

"Resolved, That he be instructed to use his influence to have Resolution No. 
11 on page 58, of printed proceedings, rescinded. 

"Resolved, That he be instructed to use his influence to have the resolution on 
the bottom of page 13, of printed proceeding?, rescinded, and that a ballot be 
had in every degree. 

The resolution provided for one ballot for the three degrees. 

"Resolved, That every Lodge under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of 
Illinois, should be required to return the names of all Master Masons in regu- 
lar standing under its jurisdiction, to the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 

The resolutions referred to, were as follows : 

No. 1. "Resolved, That this Grand Lodge is clearly of the opinion that a distinct 
avowal of a belief in the divine authenticity of the Holy Scriptures should be 
required of every one who is admitted to the privileges of Masonry; and that 
a denial of the same is an offence against the Institution calling lor exemplary 
discipline. 

No. 7. "Resolved, That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge, that every Master 
Mason has the inherent right to vote on the admission of all candidates to our 
Order; and that the Lodges under this jurisdiction, be, and are hereby in- 
structed to govern themselves in accordance therewith, by at all times allowing 
all Master Masons, who may be present, to vote on the reception of candidates; 
and that an unanimous ballot in favor of an applicant shall be necessary to his 
admission. 

No. 11. "Resolved, That within this jurisdiction an expulsion or suspension by 
an Encampment (Commandery) or Chapter, shall be deemed to carry with it an 
expulsion or suspension, as the case may be, from the Masonic Institution, un- 
less its decision be repealed by the tribunal passing the sentence. 

A petition for a new Lodge at Peoria was received and referred to the 
Committee on Lodges U. D. 

Breth. Mitchell (15), Heyl (15), and Lavely (4), were appointed a com- 
mittee to inquire into the expediency of having a procession and oration 
at this session of the Grand Lodge. 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to 2 o'clock P. M. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 321 

MONDAY AFTERNOON, Oct. 5, 1846. 
Present, as in the morning, with the following additions: 

"JOHN R. CRANDALL, J. G. W. 
PHILIP COFFMAN, P. M., No. 3. 
WM. H. HOLMES, W. M., No. 29. 
LEV! OPPENHEIM.pran/ W. M., No. 13. 
ROBERT SMITH, Miami No. 46, Ohio, visiting." 

The Grand Secretary read a communication from Far "West Lodge No. 
29, notifying the Grand Lodge that it had surrendered its charter from 
the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and asking for a charter from the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois, which was referred to the Committee on Chartered 
Lodges. Previous to petitioning the Grand Lodge of Illinois for a char- 
ter, Far West Lodge had petitioned for and received a charter from the 
Grand 'Lodge of Wisconsin, which Grand Lodge, at the same time,, 
granted a dispensation for a new Lodge at Elizabeth, Jo Daviess county 
(now Kavanagh Lodge No. 36); but upon Grand Master Walker taking 
the matter promptly in hand, as an invasion of jurisdiction, the Grand 
Lodge of Wisconsin rescinded her action in the premises; whereupon a- 
dispensation was granted the Lodge at Elizabeth, and Far West applied 
for a charter. 

The accounts of the Grand Treasurer were presented, and referred to- 
the proper committee. 

The Committee on Lodges U. D. reported the returns of Kavanagh, 
Monmouth, and Olive Branch correct, and recommended charters to 
issue to the Lodges named as Nos. 3fi, 37, and 38, which was concurred 
in, as was a recommendation that George T. Metcalfe and others be 
granted a dispensation for a new Lodge at Peoria. 

The committee appointed at the last preceding communication, to 
make a general report of all the receipts and expenditures of the Grand 
Lodge, from the time of its organization, made report, which was referred 
to the Committee on Finance and Accounts. 

The committee appointed to inquire into the expediency of having a 
procession and an oration, offered resolutions to the effect that Bro. 
James H. Matheny, in the absence of the Grand Orator (Bro. William 
Stuart), would deliver an oration in the Methodist church, on Wednes- 
day; that the installation of officers take place immediately after the 
oration, and that a procession be formed, and observe a route as follows : 
'' From the lodge-room down Fulton to Water, thence to Main, up Main 
to Jefferson, on Jefferson to Fulton, on Fulton to the church ; returning, 
from the church on Fulton to Madison, on Madison to Main, down Main 
to Washington, thence to the lodge-room." 

The resolutions were adopted. 

23 



322 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Breth. Howard, Crandall, and Dickson were appointed a committee to 
report all unfinished business from the proceedings of the last annual 
communication. 

On motion of the Grand Secretary, Josiah Eiley, Daniel McNeil, and 
William E. Russell were invited to seats as the representatives of Lodges 
36, 37, and 38. 

The Grand Treasurer (Bro. Anderson) offered the following : 

" Resolved, That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge, that the suspension of a 
Lodge by the Grand Lodge does not affect the Masonic standing of [its] mem- 
bers. 

The resolution was referred to Breth. Morse (G. M.), Lavely (S. G. W.), 
Crandall (J. G. W.), John Barney, and Carding Jackson. 

On motion of Bro. McMurtry, the resolutions of Bodley Lodge were 
taken up and referred to the Committee on Unfinished Business. 

Breth. Barney and Jackson then exemplified the first and second 
degrees, after which the Grand Lodge adjourned to 7 o'clock P. M. 



MONDAY EVENING, Oct. 5, 1846. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present, as in the 
afternoon, with the addition of C. G. Y. Taylor, proxy S. W. No. 24. 
Bro. Barney presented a proxy from the W. M. of No. 33, and was 
admitted as the representative of that Lodge. 

A communication from the M. W. Grand Master was received, read, 
and so much as related to Lodges was referred to the Committee on 
Chartered Lodges, and the remainder to Breth. Taylor (24), McNeil (37), 
and Mitchell (15). 

A circular, announcing the death of M. W. Alexander H. Bobertson, 
Grand Master of New York, with various other documents, was referred 
to the Committee on Foreign Correspondence. 

After prayer by the Grand Chaplain, the Grand Lodge was adjourned 
to 8 o'clock Tuesday morning. 

TUESDAY MORNING, Oct. 6, 1846. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. Present, as on the 
day previous, with the addition of R. W. and Rev. Charles V. Kelly, 
Grand Chaplain, and proxy for W. M. Occidental Lodge U. D. Bro. 
Carding Jackson was also recognized as the representative of No. 32, he 
holding the proxy of the Master of that Lodge. Bro. Benjamin Hibbard 
(Ilebard), of Monmouth Lodge, was admitted. 

Bro. Crandall asked to be excused from serving on the committee 
appointed to consider the resolutions of Bodley Lodge, which was 
granted, and Bro. John Bailhache (27), appointed in his stead. 



HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 323 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts reported the accounts of the 
Grand Treasurer correct. 

The Grand Treasurer's report was as follows : 

"JAMES L. ANDERSON, Treasurer, d-c., in account with 

the Grand Lodge of Illinois. Dr. 

" Oct. 8th, 1845, to amount received of Bro. Coffman, late Grand Treas $362 26 

" " " " " " " A. C. Dickson, G. 8. p. t., '45 45700 

" " " " " " " Bro. Lusk, G. S 30 00 

" " 1846 " " " " " " " 35 00 



"Total $884 26 

CONTRA. Cr. 

" Oct. 8th, 1845, by amount paid C. W. Chatterton for jewels, as per voucher 

No. 1 .$102 25 

" Oct. 9th, 1845, by amount paid W. M's Oriental and Apollo Lodgas, as per 

voucher No. 2 12 00 

" Oct. 9th, 1845, by amount paid W. M. Hiram Lodge, as per voucher No. 3. 4 00 

' " " " " Piasa " " " " 4. 6 00 

" " " " " Warren " " " "5. 6 00 

" " " " Grand Tyler " " " 6. 9 28 

" " " " G. S. p. t. " " " 7. 10 00 

" Nov. 15th, " " " G. Master's order " " " 8. 100 00 

" Mar. 5th, 1846, " " in part for printing proceedings " 9. 116 15 

"Apr. 27th, " " " " " " " 100 00 

"Amount to balance , ... 418 58 



"Total $884 26 

" Oct. 5th, 1846, balance in hands of Grand Treasurer, $418.58. 
" All of which is respectfully submitted, 

"JAMES L. ANDERSON, G. T." 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges reported the returns of Nos. 24, 
25, 32, 33, and 34 correct. 

Breth. Matheny, Dills, and Jackson were appointed a committee to 
report on the expediency of loaning Bro. C. W. Chatterton a sum of 
money for a term of years, without interest, said sum to be loaned from 
the Grand Charity Fund. 

The Grand Lodge then went into an election of officers, which resulted 
as follows : 

NELSON MORSE, Henderson, M. W. Grand Master. 
WILLIAM LAVELY, Springfield, R. W. Deputy Grand Master. 
JOHN R. CRANDALL. Peoria, R. W. Senior Grand Warden. 
ADAM BREWER, Canton, R. W. Junior Grand Warden. 
JAMES L. ANDERSON, Rushville, R. W. Grand Treasurer. 

At this stage of the election, a motion, made to suspend further 
balloting until the Grand Lodge should have fixed the place for the next 
annual communication, was lost, and the election proceeded: 



324 HISTOKY OF MASONEY IN ILLINOIS. 

"LEVI LUSK, Rushville, M. W. Grand Secretary. 
Rev. WM. F. WALKER, Chicago, M. W. Grand Orator. 
Rev. CHARLES V. KELLY, Ottawa, R. W. Grand Chaplain. 
DAVID M. KITTINGER, Upper Alton, W. Grand Tyler." 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to 2 o'clock P. M. 

TUESDAY AFTERNOON, Oct. 6, 1846. 
The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 
Present: Officers, members, and visitors as in the morning. 
The committee to whom was referred the communication of Bro. Dick- 
son, reported as follows : 

"The committee to whom was referred the complaint of Bro. A. C. Dickson r 
the Grand Secretary, pro tern., at the last Grand Annual Communication, beg 
leave to report: That they have examined the subject and find that the note 
appended by the Grand Master to Bro. Dickson's account is not warranted by 
the state of facts, as it appears that the amounts referred to never went into 
the hands of Bro. Dickson. The amount said to have been paid by St. 
John's Lodge No. 13, was in fact paid by that Lodge to Bro. Warren, the then 
Grand Secretary, by remittance through the mail, and by him acknowledged in 
a letter now in the possession of St. John's Lodge. 

" The other amount of $10, said to have been paid by Friendship Lodge No. 7, 
to Bro. Dickson, was not paid to Bro. Dickson, as indicated by the Grand Mas- 
ter's note, but was received by Bro. Lusk, the Grand Secretary, by mail, after 
the adjournment of the last Grand Lodge, in a letter addressed to the Grand 
Secretary, consequently could not have been acknowledged by Bro. Dickson. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

" JAMES L. ANDERSON, ~> 
CHAS. HOWARD, V Committee:' 1 

3. R. LUCE. 1 



The report was accepted. 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges reported the returns of Xos. 1, 3, 
4, 18, 19, 21, 23, 26, and 28 correct and dues paid. 

The committee appointed to inquire into the expediency of loaning a 
sum of money to Bro. C. W. Chatterton, reported a resolution to the effect 
that the Grand Master be authorized to loan the said brother one hun- 
dred dollars, without interest, upon his giving a note with approved se- 
curity, to the Grand Master, with the express understanding that if 
desired, the note was to be renewed at the end of the year, unless the 
Grand Lodge otherwise ordered. 

The resolution was adopted. 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts reported as follows 

"The Committee on Finance and Accounts, to whom was referred the Grand 
Treasurer's statement of the Grand Lodge, in account with the Grand Charity 
Fund, ask leave to refer the same back again to the Grand Lodge, there beinc; 
no means, so far as your committee are informed, whereby they can judge of 
its accuracy. Your committee would however respectfully recommend that 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 325 

the Grand Treasurer be directed to open an account with the Grand Charity 
Fund, and keep it separate from all the other funds of the Grand Lodge. 
"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"TIMOTHY SOUTHER. 1 
WM. E. RUSSELL, Y Committee." 
ADAM BREWER. j 

Bro. Dills was excused from further service on the Committee on Lodges 
U. D., and his place supplied by Bro. Crandall. 

At this part of the session, the special committee to whom was referred 
so much of the Grand Master's report as related to Harmony Lodge, 
made their report. This report grew out of the circular letter issued by 
Harmony Lodge regarding the admission of negroes into the Lodges in 
Chicago. Inasmuch as this whole matter will be presented in a chapter 
by itself, we will omit the report of the committee at this time. The 
committee making the report was C. G. Y. Taylor (24), afterwards Grand- 
Master,- Win Mitchell (15), afterwards Grand Secretary; and Daniel 
McNeil (37), afterwards Grand Lecturer. 

After the adoption of this report, the Grand Lodge was adjourned to 
7 o'clock P. M. 



TUESDAY EVENING, Oct. 6, 184C. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present: As in the afternoon, with the addition of Webb C. Quigley, 
proxy S. W. No. 29. Bills for charters and circulars, amounting to $24, 
were allowed and ordered paid. 

The Committee on Lodges U. D. reported the returns and work of Her- 
man Lodge correct, and praised the Lodge for the excellent manner 
in which the records of the Lodge were kept; reprobated the practice of 
conferring degrees "on credit," and recommended a charter as No. 39, 
which was concurred in, and Bro. Lusk admitted as proxy of the W. M. 

Breth. Mitchell, McMurtry, and Anderson were appointed a committee 
to make arrangements for the procession of the morrow (Wednesday), 
and to prepare a programme. 

The city of Quincy was then selected, by ballot, as the place for hold- 
ing the next annual communication. 

A motion to allow Bro. A. C. Dickson, Deputy Grand Secretary for 
1845, an additional compensation of $10, was referred to Breth. Happy, 
McNeil, and Dills. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business made a report, which was laid 
over for consideration. 

The Grand Lodge was then adjourned to 8 o'clock Wednesday morn- 
ing. 



326 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

WEDNESDAY MORNING, Oct. 7, 1846. 
Present : As on the preceding day. 
The M. W. Grand Master elect announced the following appointments : 

"JAMES PRICE, Henderson, Deputy Grand Secretary. 

A. C. DICKSON, Jacksonville, Sr. Gr. Deacon. 

B. P. KIPPENBURG, Beardstown, Jr. Gr. Deacon. 
WILLIAM McMURTRY, Henderson, Grand Marshal. 
HARRISON DILLS,) oi ft . t pwflr d 
HENRY KAUSSEL, j ^ umcy ' Orrand 

PETER SWEAT, Peoria, Grand Sword Bearer. 
ARNOLD R. ROBINSON, Springfield, Gr. Pursuivant. 
CARDING JACKSON, Chicago, Gr. Lecturer." 

An order passed at the grand communication of 1845, appropriating 
$75 to the Grand Secretary (W. B. Warren), was rescinded, and orders- 
for $37.50 each ordered to issue to Breth. Warren, Grand Secretary, and 
Dickson, Deputy. 

Breth. Mitchell, Dills, and Dickson were appointed a committee to set- 
tle the accounts of the late Grand Secretary (Bro. Warren), and to report 
at the next grand communication. 

The Committee on Returns and Work of Lodges U. D. recommended 
the issuing of a charter to Occidental Lodge No. 40, which was concurred 
in, and Bro. Kelly was invited to a seat as the representative thereof. 

Tha Committee on Chartered Lodges reported the returns and work of 
Nos. 9, 15, 27, 29, and 30 correct. 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts reported as follows : 

"The committee to whom was referred the statements of the Grand Treasurer 
and Secretary, return them herewith to the Grand Lodge, and remark that it is 
utterly impossible for your committee to form any opinion as to the correctness 
of the statements, on account of the very loose manner in which the accounts of 
the Grand Lodge have heretofore been kept. We would therefore respectfully 
recommend that the Grand Secretary procure a substantial book in which he 
shall open an account with each Lodge under this jurisdiction, and in which he 
shall carefully credit them for such sums of money as they shall from time to 
time pay to the Grand Lodge, stating for what purpose it was paid, whether for 
Grand Lodge dues, charity fund, dispensation, or charter, as the case may be, 
and that these several accounts be balanced each year, and, together with the 
accounts of the Grand Treasurer, be audited by the Committee on Finance and 
Accounts, which committee shall be required to make a report of the true con- 
dition of the finances and other property of the Grand Lodge, as wall as any 
sums that may be due from subordinate Lodge. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted, 

(Signed) "TIMOTHY SOUTHER. ~) 

ADAM BREWER, }- Committee." 

WM. E. RUSSELL. j 

The report was accepted and the recommendation adopted : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 327 

" On motion of Bro. Lavely, the Grand Lodge then took up and read 
the report of the Committee on Unfinished Business, and disposed of 
each item in the order of reading." 

The first "item" was the resolution striking out Monday as the day 
of meeting, and inserting Wednesday, which was lost. 

The second, to amend the by-laws, by providing that the annual com- 
munication should be held first Monday in June instead of October, was 
lost; a like amendment as regarded the month, but differing as to the 
day, which was the fourth Wednesday, was also lost. The proposition 
that the Lodges should pay two dollars for each raising, was lost. The 
resolution providing that the Grand Lodge should designate, at each an- 
nual communication, the place for holding the next meeting, was adopted. 
A motion to strike out " Jacksonville," as the place of meeting and in- 
sert " Decatur," was lost. On motion of Bro. Lavely, all amendments 
to the constitution were ordered to lie over one year, and the Grand Sec- 
retary directed to notify the subordinate Lodges of the fact. 

Bro. W. W. Happy (3), offered an amendment to the by-laws, intended 
to permanently locate the Grand Lodge at some point, to be by it chosen. 

The following, offered by Bro. Sweat, was adopted : 

' Resolved, That this Grand Lodge recommend to the Lodges under her juris- 
diction, to suspend all members who neglect to pay their dues for the term of 
one year. 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned until 2 o'clock P. M. 



WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, Oct. 7, 1840. 
The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 
Present : As in the morning. 
Bro. Dills offered the following, which was adopted : 

" Resolved, That a committee be appointed to wait upon R. W. Bro. Moses 
Johnson, Grand Secretary, of the Grand Lodge of Texas, now in Peoria, and in- 
vite him to take a seat in this Grand Lodge. 

Breth. Dills and Howard were appointed the committee, who intro- 
duced the R. W. Brother in an appropriate manner. Of course there were 
some speeches made, words of welcome uttered, and thanks returned 
indeed, the record before us shows that much brotherly feeling prevailed. 

The committee to whom was referred the resolutions of Bodley Lodge 
(heretofore given), reported, which report was for the time being laid on 
the table. Breth. Dickson and Happy, of Jacksonville, were granted 
leave of absence. In these days, that is a thing that is rarely asked for 
they go anyhow. 



328 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

The Grand Lodge (having adjourned) then proceeded to the Methodist 
church, where the officers were installed, and an oration delivered by 
Bro. James H. Matheny. Upon the return of the Grand Lodge to its 
place of meeting, a vote of thanks was tendered Bro. Matheny, upon 
motion of Bro. Anderson. The following was adopted : 

"Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Grand Lodge, the note appended to 
appendix 1), in printed proceedings of the last annual communication, in jela- 
tion to money not accounted for by the late D. G. Master, (Carding Jackson) is 
a mistake, and was not sanctioned by this Grand Lodge at its communnicatiou 
i:. 1845. 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to 7 o'clock P. M. 



WEDNESDAY EVENING, Oct. 7, 184G. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment, Bro. Lavely presiding. 

Present: As in the afternoon. 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges reported that the work and re- 
turns of Charleston Lodge had been examined, and that the work had 
been hastily done, there being an instance of one person having been 
initiated, passed, and raised at the same meeting. But in consideration 
of the fact that the applicant was about to "join the army " (Mexican 
war), the committee decided it was a clear case of emergency, and the 
return of the Lodge was received. The returns of No. 7, for 1845, were 
pronounced correct. 

In conclusion, the committee asked to be discharged from further con- 
sideration of that part of the Grand Master's report which was referred 
to them, which request was granted, and Breth. Kelly (40), Sweat (15), 
and McNeil (37), were appointed in the place of the committee dis- 
charged. 

Bro. Anderson offered the following, which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge, that no money is author- 
ized to be drawn fiom the Treasury but on the order of the Grand Master, with 
the consent of the Grand Lodge, which consent shall be signified by test of the 
Grand Secretary. 

The report of the committee on the resolutions of Bodley Lodge, was 
taken up for consideration. 

Bro. Kelly (40), moved that the report lay on the table until the next 
annual communication, which was lost. 

The matter seems to have been dropped at this time, for immediately 
following the motion of Bro. Kelly appears the report of the Committee 
on Finance and Accounts, as regarded the accounts of the Grand Secre- 
tary, which were found correct. The Grand Secretary's account we 
here present : 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 



LEVI LUSK, Secretary, &c., in account with 

the Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois. 



Dr. 



Names and numbers of Lodges. 



No. of 
m'mb'rs 



1815. 

Friendship No. 7 30 

Warsaw No. 21 37 

1846. 

Bodley No. 1 30 

Equality No. 2 16 

Harmony No. 3 27 

Springfield No. 4 40 

liushville No. 9 3t 

St. John's No. 13 27 

Warren No. 14 24 

PeoriaNo.15 41 

Lafayette_ No. 18 61 

Clinton No. 19 19 

Warsaw No. 21 215 

Cass No. 23 28 

St. Clair No. 24 20 

Franklin No. 25 15 

Hiram No. 26 21 

Piasa No. 27 29 

Monroe No. 28 i6 

Pekin No. 29 27 

.Morning Star No. 30 29 

Apollo No. 32 27 

Oriental No. 33 18 

Barry No. 34 15 

Charleston No. 35 17 

Kavanaugh No. 36 10 

Monmouth No. 37 15 

Olive Branch No. 38 16 

Herman No. 39 18 

Occidental No. 40 25 

Mount Joliet No. 41 18 

Grand Total 



Grand L. 
dues. 



$15 00 
13 50 

7 50 
4 00 
6 75 

10 00 

8 50 
6 75 
6 00 

10 25 
15 25 

4 75 

6 50 

7 00 

5 00 

3 75 

5 25 
7 25 

6 50 

6 75 

7 25 
C 75 

4 50 

3 75 

4 25 

2 50 

3 75 

4 00 
4 50 
6 25 
4 50 



Grand 
Charity 
Fund. 



$7 50 
G 75 

7 50 
4 00 
6 75 

10 (10 

8 50 
6 75 
6 00 

10 25 
15 25 

4 75 

6 50 

7 00 

5 00 

3 75 

5 25 
7 25 

6 50 

6 75 

7 25 
6 75 

4 50 

3 75 

4 25 

2 50 

3 75 

4 00 
4 50 
6 25 
4 50 



Total. 



*$23 00 
20 25 

15 00 

8 00 
13 50 
20 00 
17 00 
13 50 

12 00 
20 50 
30 50 

9 50 

13 00 

14 00 
10 00 

7 50 
10 50 
14 50 
13 00 

13 50 

14 50 
13 50 

9 00 
7 50 
*9 00 
5 00 

7 50 

8 00 

9 00 
12 50 

9 00 

$403 25 



' Warsaw No. 21, Warsaw, for charter and seal $ 5 00 

Apollo No. 32, Chicago, for dispensation, charter and seal 19 00 

Charleston No. 35, Charleston, for charter 5 00 

Kavanaugh No. 36, Elizabeth, for charter and seal 7 Ot) 

Monmouth No. 37, Monmouth, for charter and dues for 1844 and 1845 25 00 

Olive Branch No. 38, Danville, for charter and seal 7 00 

Herman No. 39, Quiney, for dispensation, charter and seal 22 00 

Occidental No. 40, Ottawa, for seal 2 00 

Mount Joliet No. 41, for seal 2 00 

Far West No. 42, Galena, for seal 2 00 

Temple U. D., Peoria, for dispensation 15 Oi) 

$130 on 
403 25 



$533 25 



*Nos. 7 and 35 overpaid 50 cents each. 



330 HISTORY OF MASONKY IN ILLINOIS. 

" CONIEA. CR. 

" By cash paid for postage $ 3 46 

By stationery for Grand Lodge 2 25 

By fees for charters to seven Lodges 14 00 

By Grand Treasurer's receipt March 14th, 1846 30 00 

By Grand Treasurer's receipt April 10th, 1840 35 00 

By Grand Treasurer's receipt October 7th, 1846 397 00 

"Amount in my hands 51 44 

$533 25 
" LEVI LUSK, Grand Secretary." 

The Grand Lodge then adjourned to 8 o'cloc k Thursday morning. 



THURSDAY MORNING, Oct. 8, 1S4(>. 

The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present: as on " Wednesday evening." 

Bro. Carding Jackson (18) presented proxy as the representative of 
Mt. Joliet Lodge U. D., and Bro. Grand Secretary (9) presented proxies 
as representative of Nos. 2 and 14. 

The Committee on Chartered Lodges reported the returns of Nos. 2 
and 14 correct. 

The report of the committee on the resolutions of Bodley Lodge was 
again taken up, and a motion to lay on the table (by whom made is not 
stated) was again lost, whereupon the report was accepted, and the res- 
olutions adopted, as follows : 

"To the Most Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Illinois: 

"The select committee to which have been referred certain resolutions from 
Bodley Lodge No. 1, having had the same under consideration, respectfully beg 
leave to report that the said resolutions embrace matters of the highest impor- 
tance to the Masonic Fraternity, and in relation to which widely different 
opinions are doubtless honestly entertained by worthy members of the Craft. 
This is believed to be more particularly the case with the first resolution, inserted 
on page 57, of the published proceedings of the last annual communication of this 
Grand Lodge, the repeal of which is earnestly urged by Bodley Lodge No. 1. 
With unaffected diffidence in their ability to arrive at a just and truly Masonic 
conclusion upon the momentous questions submitted to them, and with due 
deference to the high authority from which the resolution objected to emanates, 
your committee humbly state that, in their judgment, the said resolution was 
adopted hastily, and without sufficient caution, and the good of the Masonic 
Institution requires that its operations should be suspended until an expression 
of the opinion of the subordinate Lodges can be had thereon. 

"We heartily believe the Bible to be the first Great Light of Masonry, and that 
it is, and should be, the constant guide of the Christian Mason yet, being aware 
that at the period of the institution of the Order by King Solomon, only a small 
portion of the Holy Scriptures was in existence, and that Masonry is designed 
to be universal in the extension of its benefits, and to embrace within its ample 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 331 

bosom all, whether Jews or Gentiles, Christians or Pagans, who avow ' a steadfast 
belief in the existence of Deity,' we are unwilling to close the door against those- 
whom our first and Most Illustrious Grand Master would have admitted, by impos- 
ing a test which would exclude from the Lodge every person not a professor of 
Christianity. According to our understanding of our ancient landmarks, the 
imposition of such a test might be a dangerous innovation upon the well 
established principles of Masonry one that may sever the mystic tie which binds 
together all the Craftsmen, wheresoever scattered over the surface of the Globe, 
and confine to a comparatively small portion of the human family, benefits 
obviously designated for the whole race. It is not unreasonable to suppose that 
if 'a distinct avowal of a belief in the divine authenticity of the Holy Scrip- 
tures,' including, of course, the New as well as the Old Testament, be deemed 
indispensable to admission to the privileges of Masonry, and, as a necessary 
consequence, operate to the exclusion of the descendants of the original found- 
ers and patrons of the Order, it may hereafter be found practical to introduce 
other tests, requiring 'a belief in one of the numerous creeds into which the 
Christian world is now divided, and rejecting all others. Besides, if the door of 
the Masonic Temple be resolutely closed against all such as do not avow the 
required 'belief,' how are the persons thus deprived of the Great Light of the- 
Bible, the study of which is solemnly and repeatedly enjoined within the portals 
of the Lodge, to profit by the instructions of the Sacred Volume? Is it right to 
refuse to those who do not believe 'in the divine authenticity of the Holy 
Scriptures,' and consequently stand most in need of the precepts they inculcate 
and the consolations they impart, the opportunity, perhaps the only one they 
may ever be favored with, of making themselves acquainted with the contents 
of the Blessed Book? Your committee believe that it is not ; _but unwilling to- 
trespass further upon the patience of this Most Worshipful Grand Lodge by 
presenting additional arguments in support of their opinions, they will proceed 
to notice very briefly the other points embraced in the document referred to 
them. 

" With regard to the seventh resolution, also found on page 57 of the printed 
proceedings of the last Grand Lodge, your committee ask leave to state that, 
according to the best of their judgment, the good of the Masonic Fraternity 
would best be promoted by its repeal. In our view, the question of the admission, 
of every applicant may safely be left to the decision of the Lodge in which he 
wishes to enter, and the members of which clearly possess the right of selecting, 
their own associates. The danger which may be apprehended from the possible 
admission of an improper person, who might be rejected were a visiting brother 
allowed to vote, will be sufficiently guarded against by allowing, according to- 
usage, such visitor to state his objections to the reception of the candidate in 
open Lodge, before the ballot is taken; and which, if well founded, will as cer- 
tainly exclude him as the appearance of a black ball in the ballot-box. It more- 
over seems to your committee, that to allow a mere visiting brother, one, perhaps,, 
who, although residing within the jurisdiction of a regular Lodge, refuses or 
neglects to become a member, or it may be a total stranger to all the parties, the 
privilege of deciding who shall or shall not be admitted into a Lodge, the door 
of which the objector may never before have entered, and may never enter 
again, is essentially wrong in principle, and should be discontinued in practice. 
"Your committee likewise concur with Bodley Lodge in the opinion that the 
eleventh resolution, which appears on page 58 of the published proceedings of 
the last grand communication, should be rescinded. Although Encampments,. 



332 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Chapters, and Lodges are all parts of the great Masonic Institution, their organi- 
zation and mode of working are nevertheless separate and distinct, and what 
may justly be considered a legitimate cause for suspension in the one, is not 
necessarily and unavoidably liable to the same grave punishment in the other. 
Besides, as every Blue Lodge clearly and indisputably possesses the right of 
punishing any offending member within her jurisdiction, there appears to be no 
valid reason why she should give up this right to another tribunal, of whose 
proceedings she is not bound to take notice, and with whose action in the case 
she may be wholly unacquainted. The offender, moreover, especially if a 
member of the Lodge, is surely entitled to the privilege of being tried by his 
brethren, and to be heard by them in his own defense, and should not be deprived 
of it for slight or trivial causes. 

" In relation to the resolution inserted on pages 13 and 14 of the printed pro- 
ceedings of the last Grand Lodge, your committee would also observe that they 
are of the opinion that a general compliance therewith is calculated to be more 
injurious than beneficial to the Fraternity. It appears to us that danger is far 
more likely to arise from the inconsiderate admission of improper persons into 
the Masonic family, than from the exclusion of such as may be truly worthy. It 
seldom, if ever, happens that every member of a Lodge is present when a candi- 
date is balloted for, and it is very possible that the only one in possession of 
reasons sufficient for the rejection of the applicant, may be absent when his 
petition is acted upon. It is, consequently, very proper, whenever such is the 
case, that the brother who would have opposed his reception in the first instance, 
had he been present, should be allowed another opportunity for the purpose, and 
to have his objections removed, if not well founded, or the further advancement 
of the candidate arrested, should it appear, upon mature deliberation, that he 
is unworthy of the privilege he seeks to obtain. Besides, it may be received as a 
sound maxim, that no one who has once been admitted within the portals of the 
Lodge, and initiated as an Entered Apprentice, will, on slight grounds, be refused 
further light; or, that one who has been admitted to the first and second degrees, 
will be rejected on his application for the third, except from an imperative sense 
of duty to the Masonic Institution. Your committee, therefore, can see no 
necessity for the resolution in question, and respectfully recommend its repeal. 
"With respect to the expediency of 'requiring all subordinate Lodges to 
report to the Grand Lodge the names of all Master Masons residing within their 
respective jurisdictions,' your committee would respectfully remark that, in 
their judgment, a strict compliance with this requirement would be, for obvious 
reasons, very difficult, if not impracticable. As all attainable information on this 
subject is, however, desirable, it is believed that it should be recommended to 
the subordinate Lodges to procure the same, so far as it may be within their 
reach, and that nothing more should be required of them on this point. 

" Impressed, however, with a deep sense of the great importance of the matters 
submitted to them, and deprecating precipitate action thereon, your committee 
would respectfully suggest that the operation of the several resolutions referred 
to in the document from Bodley Lodge No. 1, be suspended until the next annual 
communication of this Grand Lodge, and most respectfully recommend the 
adoption of the following resolutions, viz.: 

"Resolved, That the operation of resolutions Kos. 1, 7, and 11, on pages 57 and 
58, and of the resolution on pages I'd and 14, of the published proceedings of the 
Grand Lodge of the State of Illinois, held at Jacksonville, in the year 1845, be 
and are hereby suspended until the opinion of the subordinate Lodges be 



HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 333 

obtained; and that said opinion be requested to be sent in at the next regular 
communication of the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 

'Reso?t>eil, That it be recommended to the several subordinate Lodges under 
the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Illinois, to procure, so far as it may be 
practicable and convenient, the names of all Master Masons residing within their 
respective jurisdictions, and report the same in their annual communications 
for the information of this Grand Lodge. 

"JOHN BAILHACHE,-) 
A. C. DICKSON, V Committee." 

CHAS. HOWARD. ) 

The Committee on Lodges U. D. reported the work and returns of Mt. 
Joliet and Far West Lodges correct, and recommended the granting of 
charters to Mt. Joliet as No. 42, and to Far West as No. 41, which re- 
commendations were concurred in, and Breth Carding Jackson admitted 
as the representative of No. 42, and Josiah Riley of No. 41. The 
granting of a charter to Far West as No. 41, vacated the number orig'- 
nally intended for that Lodge, viz.: five, which has been vacant from 
the organization of the Grand Lodge to this day. 

Breth. Kippingburg, Bailhache, Souther, Howard, and Anderson were 
granted leave of absence. Boats didn't run every day then, and as these 
brethren lived on or near the river, it became necessary to take a boat 
whenever it came along. Breth. James H. Matheny, William Lavelv, 
and A. R. Robinson were appointed a committee to apply to the next 
General Assembly for a charter for the Grand Lodge. 

Ou motion of Bro. Matheny, the Grand Secretary was directed to pro- 
cure a record book, and record therein all the proceedings of the Grand 
Lodge, a perfect copy of which should be published. 

On motion of Bro. Riley (36), it was 

"Resolved, That the truly Masonic course of the Grand Lodge of Wisconsin, ia 
relation to the disputed jurisdiction in the cases of Far West and Kavanagh 
Lodges demands the expression of the most cordial approbation of this Grand 
Lodge." 

This resolution will be more fully understood after reading Grand Mas- 
ter Walker's report to the Grand Lodge. 

The Committee on Finance and Accounts reported as follows: 

" The Committee on Finance and Accounts beg leave respectfully to report 
that they find, on examination of the accounts of the Grand Treasurer and Grand 
Secretary, in the hands of the Grand Treasurer, at the commencement of the 
present session of the Grand Lodge, the sum of $418.58. Your committee find 
that he has received during this session, from the Grand Secretary, the further 
sum of $397. Your committee, on examination of the vouchers of the Grand 
Treasurer, find, in addition to the $216.15, which was paid for printing the annual 
report of the last year, the further sum of $100, for which no account has been 
rendered from our late M. W. Grand Master Walker, who drew the money. Your 
committee recommend that the Grand Lodge, through some proper channel, 
call on Past Grand Master Walker for the account of the $100 which was so- 
drawn by him. 

"TIMOTHY SOUTHER,") 
ADAM BREWER, \-Committee." 
WM. E. RUSSELL. j 



33 i HISTOEY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

Breth. Mitchell, Sweat, and Dills were appointed a committee to de- 
termine what portions of the report of the Grand Master were proper to 
be published. 

The committee to whom was referred the resolution regarding mem- 
bers of suspended Lodges, offered by Bro. Anderson, reported as follows : 

" The committee to whom was referred a resolution asking the sense of this 
Grand Lodge as to the effect of the suspension of a subordinate Lodge by the 
Grand Lodge on the Masonic standing of an individual member of such sus- 
pended Lodge, would most respectfully report: That while it is, in the opinion 
of your committee, imperative on all good Masons to regard all who participate 
in a subordinate Lodge that has been suspended or declared clandestine by this 
Grand Lodge as clandestine Masons, and therefore unworthy of our Masonic 
associations: yet, if any member or members of any such suspended or clan- 
destine Lodge shall, on the first information of the action of the Grand Lodge, 
declaring such Lodge suspended or clandestine, immediately have withdrawn his 
association or communication from them, they would, without doubt, be entitled 
to all the rights and privileges of our Order; provided their actions as indi- 
viduals, or immediately in conjunction with the Lodge, shall not have called for 
*he action of this Grand Lodge declaring such Lodge suspended or clandestine. 

"Your committee deem it unnecessary to prescribe any mode by which the 
Fraternity may be satisfied that any one hailing from a suspended Lodge has 
acted the part of a good and true Mason, in obedience to the edicts of this Grand 
Lodge, as all are competent to judge for themselves in the premises. 

"Your committee, therefore, would most respectfully recommend the adop- 
tion of the following resolution, as a substitute for the one submitted to them : 

"Resolved, That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge, that the suspension of a 
subordinate Lodge by this Grand Lodge only affects the standing of its indi- 
vidual members so far as they participate in disregarding the edicts of this 
<irand Lodge after the first information thereof coming to their knowledge, and 
providing such individuals, by their acts, shall not have been the cause of the 
action of this Grand Lodge declaring such Lodge suspended or clandestine. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

"WM. LAVELY, 1 

N. IX MORSE, [committee" 
J. R. CRANDALL, \ Committee. 

C. JACKSON. J 

The report was adopted. 

The Grand Secretary presented a resolution from Warren Lodge in re- 
lation to the same subjects treated of in the resolutions of Bodley Lodge, 
and as the subject had been fully discussed and disposed of in the report 
of the committee upon the resolutions of No. 1, the communication of 
No. 14 was tabled. 

The following communication from Xo. 14 was ordered published : 



" IN WARREN LODGE No. 14, 1 
August 8th, A. L. 5846. j 



"On motion, Breth. E R. Roe, B. Parrish, E. Bogardus, and E. H. Gatewood 
were appointed a committee to draft a preamble stating the facts and circum- 
stances in relation to the conduct of John \V. Tunnel], formerly a member of 
this Lodge, but now demitted, and resolutions expressive of the sense of this 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 335 

Lodge; which preamble and resolutions shall be published to the grand and 
subordinate Lodges throughout the Union. Whereupon, the following preamble 
and resolutions were adopted, to-wit : 

" WHEREAS, One John W. Tunnell, a practicing physician, about 30 or 35 years 
of age, about 5 feet 8 inches high, spare made, dark complexion, long black hair 
very straight and usually combed back, black eyes, and of quick, irascible tem- 
perament; originally from Kentucky, lately from New Albany, Indiana, and 
recently a resident of this place; was here regularly initiated, passed, and raised 
to the sublime degree of Master Mason in this Lodge, in which he remained a 
member in good standing until he received a demit in due form : And, where- 
as, he has been guilty of a most heinous offense against the moral and civil laws 
{he having at the same time an amiable wife and children, who are at New 
Albany, Indiana), by abducting and taking away with him a young woman of this 
neighborhood, with whom, as we are informed, he has had for some time, and 
still has illicit intercourse withdrawing his affections from their only proper 
objects, his lawful wife and children: And, whereas, such conduct is alike ab- 
horrent to all moral and social feeling to the supreme laws of our land and 
more especially to the precepts and doctrines of the Masonic Institution, of 
which we are proud to be accounted the advocate, and which he has so grossly 
violated in this instance; therefore, be it 

" Resolved, That we do, as a Lodge solemnly assembled in behalf of the injured 
dignity of the Order, and of ourselves as Masons, hereby declare him, the said 
John W. Tunnell, to be recreant to every principle of honor and duty, and we do 
hereby utterly discard, disclaim, and disown him, and forever absolve ourselves, 
collectively and individually, from all Masonic connection or fellowship with 
him, and request the Grand Lodge of Illinois, if in its power, to expell him, or 
cause the same to be done : and we hereby resolve to publish him, in every le- 
gal form that may be permitted, as an impostor upon the Masonic Order, if he 
shall ever again seek communication with worthy brethren. And it is further 

"Resolved, That we will cause the publication of this preamble and resolution 
to the grand and subordinate Lodges of this State, and to every Grand Lodge in 
the Union. 

" E. R. ROE, W. M. 
" Attest : E. H. GATEWOOD, Secretary pro tern. 

"On motion, 

" Resolved, That the action of Warren Lodge No. 14, in relation to John W. 
Tunnell, be approved, and they be permitted to publish the same. 

The Committee on Foreign Correspondence reported as follows : 

' The Committee on Foreign Correspondence beg leave to report that the 
Grand Secretary, since the last Grand Annual Communication of this Grand 
Lodge, has received the printed proceedings of the following Grand Lodges, 
viz.: Missouri, Maryland for December and May, Alabama, Mississippi, Indiana, 
Virginia, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Maine, Florida, Texas, New Hampshire, 
Connecticut, and Louisiana; all of which your committee have barely glanced 
at in a very hurried and imperfect manner, not with that calm and deliberate 
consideration due to the grand bodies from which they emanate, which is cer- 
tainly absolutely necessary to enable them to select and embody such important 
parts as might require an expression of opinion from this Grand Lodge. 

"There are a great many things in the proceedings of the various Grand 
Lodges of the utmost importance to the well-being of the Craft, which, if your 
committee had had time sufficient, they would have taken great pleasure in 
laying before this Grand Lodge, soliciting its action thereon. Your committee 
report that, in their estimation, the day or two allotted to the Committee on 
Foreign Correspondence, during the session of the Grand Lodge, is utterly in- 
sufficient to enable them to bestow that judicious consideration upon the various 
measures of interest affecting the prosperity of our Order, that their importance 
most imperiously demands. 



336 HISTOKY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS 

" Our sister Grand Lodges expect of us a calm and considerate response to 
their various suggestions; which your committee, owing to the shortness of 
time allotted them, feel their utter incapacity to make. 

"Your committee would recommend that the practice pursued by some of 
the Grand Lodges, to-wit, that of having a Standing Committee on Foreign Cor- 
respondence, whose duty it is to examine, during recess, such documents, with 
a view of reporting at the next communication thereafter.be adopted by this 
Grand Lodge, feeling assured that it will much facilitate the labors of the com- 
mittee, and expedite the transaction of business. 

" Your committee would conclnde their report in the words of the Most Wor- 
shipful Grand Master of Tennessee : " We have great cause of gratulation and 
rejoicing for the peace and prosperity of our Order. Old men are rubbing off 
the rust of years, and returning with delight to the associations of their early 
manhood; and young men seek pleasure in acquiring a knowledge of our 
learning and mysteries. The gentle dew of charity is distilling upon our hill- 
tops and along our valleys. Our time beaten walls seem to have settled on 
their bases, and acquired new strength in the rolling tide of years. The wild 
storm that beat against them has spent its fury, and the bright sun and cheer- 
ful sky betoken coming days of quietude and felicity.' 

"L. LUSK, 1 

J. H. MATHEXY, }- Committee." 
J. H. LUCE. j 

The report was adopted, and Breth. Lusk (9), Anderson (9) and Davis 
(15), were appointed a standing committee on correspondence. 

The Grand Secretary was directed to have 350 copies of the proceed- 
ings published, and five copies transmitted to each Lodge, one to each 
Grand Lodge, and the remainder to be retained for the use of the Grand 
Lodge at its next communication. 

The Grand Secretary was allowed seventy-five dollars for his services. 

On motion of Bro. Kelly (40), 

"Resoleed, That in consideration of the censure already passed upon Warsaw 
Lodge No. 21, this Grand Lodge hereby receives said Lodge to their affectionate 
confidence." 

The committee appointed to determine what portions of the Grand 
Master's address were appropriate for publication, reported as follows: 

CHICAGO, October 3, 1846. 
" To Lcvi Lusk, Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Illinois : 

"R. W. AND DR. BROTHER: An ever merciful Providence has permitted the 
period for another Annual Communication of our Grand Lodge to come round. 

"An abstract of what I have done for the Grand Lodge is here furnished, at 
least so far as the same is deemed of sufficient importance to engage the atten- 
tion of the Grand Lodge. Minor acts and decisions, having respect to particular 
Lodges or local interests, it is believed to be unnecessary here to detail. 

"The lateness of this communication is owing to sickness of myself and 
family having so thrown me out of the true reckoning as to have caused me, 
till a late hour last evening, to have the impression that the Grand Lodge was 
not to convene till one week from Monday next. I now hasten to furnish what 
would otherwise have gone to you earlier. 



HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 337 

"My installation as Grand Master took place October 8th, 1815, in the Masonic 
Hall at Jacksonville. 

" October 10th, I granted a dispensation, pursuant to a resolution of the 
Grand Lodge (see proceedings, page 16), to Charles Stienagel, and others, to 
form and open a Lodge in Quincy, by the name of Herman Lodge, to work in 
the German language. The fee for dispensation was to be paid to yourself, as 
Grand Secretary. 

"October llth, I appointed our Deputy Right Worshipful N. D. Morse my 
proxy to consecrate Morning Star Lodge, No. 30, and install its officers. I have 
received no returns as to whether the proxy was fulfilled or not. 

"October 14th, pursuant to action of the Grand Lodge (see proceedings, page 
59), I revoked and annulled the dispensation of Ottawa Lodge, held at Ottawa 
LaSalle county, said Lodge having justly forfeited its being by non-use of its 
powers and a non-fulfillment of its duties; and at the same time I granted a dis- 
pensation to George H. Morris, Morris Murphy, Alson Woodruff, and the requi- 
site additional brethren, to form and open a Lodge at Ottawa ,to be called Occi- 
dental Lodge, designating and appointing George H. Norris as Master, Morris 
Murphy as Senior Warden, and Alson Woodruff as Junior Warden. For the dis- 
pensation thus granted no fees were required. Its charter, when issued, will be 
paid for as usual. A pecnliar state of things, affecting the interests of the Lodge, 
caused me subsequently to grant a dispensation for holding an election, by 
which the first officers were changed. 

October 15th, I revoked and annulled the charter of Juliet Lodge No. 10, in the 
manner and for the causes following: 

" ' To the Worshipful Master, Wardens and Brethren, of Juliet Lodge No. 10, held 
at Juliet, Will county: 

"' Whereas, legal information has been received by me of your having violated 
the constitution, laws and edicts, of the Grand Lodge of the State from which 
your Charter wa obtained, as well as the constitutions of Masonry, and seriously 
infringed upon the landmarks of the Order which you were bound to observe': 

'"And whereas such information has been fully corroborated by an examina- 
tion of your records this day submitted to me, and by the testimony of several 
members of your Lodge, summoned before me to give evidence in the case: 

"'And whereas such innovations and irregularities are without justification, 
I have deemed that the interests of the Order can not longer be safely intrusted 
to you: 

"'Therefore be it known, That I, William F. Walker, Grand Master of the 
M. W. Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Illi- 
nois, do, by virtue of the authority committed to me for the purpose, hereby 
revoke and annul the the charter under which you have heretofore assembled 
and worked, declaring it void and of no effect; and by virtue of these presents, 
require and charge you to deliver the same, together with the books, records, 
papers, funds, jewels, furniture, and Bother property of Juliet Lodge No. 10, to 
.Myron K. Brownson, my proxy for this purpose, he to have and to hold the 
wiine for our M. W. Grand Lodge, subject to my order on account thereof. 

"Given under my hand and seal, this 15th day of October, A. L. 5845, A. D. 
1845. 

[L. 8.] '"W. F. WALKER, 

Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Illinots.' 

"October 17th, I granted a dispensation, in lieu of the above revoked charter, 
to William E. Little, Myron K. Browiison, Joel George, and the requisite addi- 
tional brethren, constituting them into a Lodge, by the name of Mount Joliet 
Lodge, and granting them, the Grand Lodge approving of the same, the number 
of the extinct Lodge, to- wit, No. 10, said Lodge to te held at Joliet, in Will 

24 



338 HISTORY OF MASONRY IN ILLINOIS. 

county, and designating and appointing William E. Little as Master, Myron K. 
Brownson as Senior Warden, and Joel George as Junior Warden. 

" I subsequently gave an order in the name of the Grand Lodge, to the Wor- 
shipful Master of Mount Joliet Lodge, on Myron K. Brownson, for the books, 
papers, jewels, funds, furniture, and other property of the late Juliet Lodge No. 
10, held by him, the same to be placed in the care and for the use of Mount 
Joliet Lodge. For the dispensation thus granted no fee was required, nor should 
there be any for the charter for which that Lo